Star in the Night
Star in the Night is a 1945 American short drama film directed by Don Siegel. The film was Siegels directorial debut, and won an Academy Award in 1946 for Best Short Subject, the film is a modern-day retelling of the Nativity story, set on Christmas Eve at a desert motel in the Southwestern United States. Christmas Eve in a desert in the Southwestern United States, Three riding cowboys have just bought out Christmas presents from a store. One of the cowboys says that he just had the feeling that he should buy gifts to them to someone. The cowboys see a star in the distance, which they ride over to investigate. The star is actually a second star, used by the Italian-American Nick Catapoli for his little motel in the desert. A mysterious hitchiker appears at Nicks motel who states that he just wants to come in from the cold for a little while and the Hitchhiker have a discussion about Christmas. A young Mexican-American couple and Maria Santos, arrives at the motel hoping to get lodging, there are no cabins available, so Rosa accommodates them in a small shed next to the hotel.
Maria is expecting a baby and is in a critical condition without a doctor. When the motel lodgers find out about Marias approaching birth they try to help her, after the successful birth, the three cowboys appear at the motel and give their presents to the child. Nick learns that there is goodness in the world and is now positive about Christmas. He even gives the hitchiker, who observed the situation, a cup of coffee and he wishes Merry Christmas to the hitchiker who now leaves the hotel. At the end, Nick sees how much the birth of the child in his shed resembles the Nativity Story, produced with a rather small budget and character actors, it was the directorial debut of Don Siegel, who directed thriller feature films like Dirty Harry. Previously Siegel had worked as a Warner Bros. montage and second unit director, the cinematography was by a young Robert Burks who worked for Alfred Hitchcock. Star in the Night won an Academy Award in 1946 for Best Short Subject, the Academy Award for Best Short Documentary Film was won by Hitler Lives, directed by Don Siegel.
After his success with both shorts he went on to feature films. The film in its entirety is available as a feature on the DVD release of Christmas in Connecticut. Star in the Night at the Internet Movie Database
A Time Out of War
A Time Out of War is a 1954 American short war film directed by Denis Sanders. It won an Academy Award in 1955 for Best Short Subject, first prize at the Venice Film Festival Live Action Short Film category, Denis Sanders was in UCLA film school whilst his brother was a UCLA undergraduate. For Deniss thesis, he searched for an American Civil War short story that was in the domain to make a film out of. He chose Pickets, an 1897 story by Robert W. Chambers, the Academy Film Archive preserved A Time Out of War in 2007. Corey Allen as Connor Barry Atwater as Craig A Time Out of War at the Internet Movie Database
How to Sleep
How to Sleep is a short film by Robert Benchley. Filmed and released by MGM in 1935, it features Benchley as a narrator as well as subject, discussing four parts of sleep - causes, avoiding sleep. The production was inspired by a Mellon Institute study on sleep commissioned by the Simmons Mattress Company. It was filmed in two days, and featured Benchley as both the narrator and sleeper, the latter a role Benchley claimed was not much of a strain, as was in bed most of the time. The film was received in preview screenings, and promotions took over. The only group not pleased was the Mellon Institute, who did not approve of the studio mocking their study, how to Sleep was named Best Short Subject at the 8th Academy Awards in 1935, while the latter two shorts were not as well received. The film is included as an extra on the DVD of the film, A Night at the Opera. List of American films of 1935 Billy Altman, Laughters Gentle Soul, nathaniel Benchley, Robert Benchley, a biography. How to Sleep at the Internet Movie Database
La Cucaracha (1934 film)
La Cucaracha is a 1934 American short musical film directed by Lloyd Corrigan. The film was designed by Robert Edmond Jones, who was hired by Pioneer Pictures to design the film in a way to show the new full-color Technicolor Process No.4 at its best, Process No.4 had been used since 1932, mainly in Walt Disney cartoons. Jock Whitney and his cousin C. V. Whitney, the owners of Pioneer, were major investors in Technicolor. La Cucaracha was made like a feature and cost about $65,000. The usual short film at that time cost little more than $15,000 to film, although La Cucaracha is sometimes called the first live-action use of Process No. Also, Warner Brothers released two Leon Errol shorts, Service With a Smile and Good Morning, Eve. just before La Cucaracha, producer Kenneth Macgowan won an Academy Award in 1935 for Best Short Subject for this film. On October 27,2009, Alpha Video released La Cucaracha on Region 0 DVD, La Cucaracha at the Internet Movie Database La Cucaracha at AllMovie La Cucaracha at the TCM Movie Database The short film La Cucaracha is available for free download at the Internet Archive
Timeline of climbing the Matterhorn
July, First attempt by Jean-Antoine Carrel, Jean-Jacques Carrel, and Amé Gorret. August, Attempt by J. A. and J. J. Carrel, the Shoulder is reached August 10–11, Attempt by E. Whymper, J. A. Carrel, C. Carrel, L. Meynet and two porters June 21, Attempt from the south east face by E. Whymper, Michel Croz, Christian Almer, Franz Biner, L. Meynet July, Attempt by J. A. Carrel, C. Pic Tyndall,4258 m July 14, First ascent by E. Whymper, Francis Douglas, Charles Hudson, Douglas Hadow, M. Croz, death of Douglas, Hudson and Croz on the descent. July 17, 2nd ascent, First ascent from the Italian side by J. -A, a. Gorret, of the 1857 attempt, and Jean-Augustin Meynet stop just short of the summit. Second ascent from Breuil by J. A. Carrel, J. B, and Salomon Meynet guiding Florence Crauford Grove. September 13, 4th ascent, First direct ascent of the Lion ridge as it is climbed today by Jean-Joseph, october 1–3, 5th ascent, From Breuil. J. J. and J. P. Maquignaz, C, Carrel and François Ansermin guiding William Leighton Jordan.
July 25, 6th ascent, Second ascent via the Hörnli ridge by Josef Marie Lochmatter and Peter Knubel guiding Julius Elliot, July 28, 7th ascent, First traverse of the summit by J. Tyndall, J. J. and J. P. Maquignaz. August 4, 8th ascent Second traverse of the summit by J. J. Maquignaz, Victor Maquignaz and Elie Pession guiding François Thioly, August 3–4, 9th ascent, P. Knubel, Hans Baumann, Peter Bernett guiding George Edward Foster. August 8, 10th ascent, J. M. Lochmatter, P. Knubel, July 20, 15th ascent, J. A. Carrel, J. B. Bich, Alphonse Payot and Michel Payot guiding James Eccles, August 26, 16th ascent, Ascent of the Lion ridge by Joseph and Emmanuel Maquignaz and B. Bich guiding Robert Boothby Heathcote, it was on occasion that the guides fixed at the last bit the rope ladder which was called the Echelle Jordan. July 22, First ascent by a woman, Lucy Walker reached the summit with her father Frank Walker and Frederick Gardiner, guided by Heinrich and Melchior Anderegg, N. Knubel, P. Knubel and P.
Perren. September 5, First traverse by a woman, Meta Brevoort with W. A. B, Ulrich Almer and N. Knubel. July 26, Traverse Breuil-summit-Zermatt in 18 hours by J. J. Maquignaz, July 23, First ascent without mountain guides by John Brise Colgrove, Albert Harold Cawood and Arthur Cust. July 16, A. Burgener, Benedikt Venetz and A. F. Mummery attempted the first ascent of the Furggen ridge. At the level of the Swiss Shoulder they were forced to traverse along the east face to the Swiss ridge, August 4, Ascent by future US President Theodore Roosevelt, guided by Taugwalder
Bored of Education
Bored of Education is a 1936 Our Gang short comedy film directed by Gordon Douglas. Produced by Hal Roach and released to theaters by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, it was the 146th entry in the Our Gang series to be released and it is the first day of school, and the kids wait on the school steps with long faces and pouted lips. Unknown to the kids, the new teacher, Miss Lawrence, has overheard Spanky. She sees right through Alfalfas fibs about being too sick to sing Good Morning to You with the rest of the class, the two boys triumph backfires when they see the ice cream man as he makes his delivery to the rest of their class. Now needing to find a way to get back into school, Spanky pops the balloon in Alfalfas mouth, Miss Lawrence agrees to let the boys back in for the ice cream party, but only if Alfalfa will make up for not singing Good Morning by rendering another song. At the conclusion of his song and Alfalfa go to get their ice cream only to find that it has melted, but the kind and clever Miss Lawrence hands the boys two fresh ice cream bars.
A remake of Teachers Pet, Bored of Education was the first Our Gang entry in the series revamped one-reel format, Bored of Education won Hal Roach his only Academy Award for Our Gang, the 1937 Academy Award for Short Subjects. Bored of Education was the first Our Gang film directed by Gordon Douglas, who had served as assistant director on Our Gang for some time, made his directorial debut on a 1935 Hal Roach All Stars short, The Infernal Triangle. Douglas would remain Our Gangs senior director through 1938, Roach had successfully moved his biggest stars and Hardy, to full-time feature production in 1935. Rather than cancel Our Gang, Roach continued the series at the behest of his distributor, keeping the series in production, required Roach to halve the lengths of the Our Gang films from two-reels to one. Also formally introduced to Our Gang in Bored of Education was Roach actress Rosina Lawrence as Our Gangs new schoolteacher Miss Jones, Lawrence appeared in five more Our Gang shorts during the 1936-37 cycle of shorts.
Bored of Education won Roach the Academy Award for Short Subjects, in their review for the short in their book The Little Rascals, The Life and Times of Our Gang, film historians Leonard Maltin and Richard W
The Bespoke Overcoat
The Bespoke Overcoat is a 1956 British short film directed by Jack Clayton, based on a 1953 play of the same name by Wolf Mankowitz. The story is an adaptation of Gogols short story The Overcoat with the action moved from Russia to the East End of London, in this version the protagonists are poor Jews working in the clothing trade. It won an Academy Award at the 29th Academy Awards in 1957 for Best Short Subject, the play was performed at the Arts Theatre in London with Kossoff and Bass and was directed by Alec Clunes. The supporting cast was Harold Kasket and Oscar Quitak, Fender is a lowly clerk in the warehouse of clothing manufacturers Ranting and Co. His one ambition is to have an overcoat of his own, refused one by the cold hearted Ranting he asks a tailor friend, Morry, to make him one instead, but dies of cold before he can take delivery of it. Unwilling to give up his only desire even in death, he returns as a ghost to persuade Morry to steal him the overcoat he so coveted in life, pauline Kael called The Bespoke Overcoat one of the best short-story films ever made.
Alfie Bass as Fender David Kossoff as Morrie Alan Tilvern as Ranting Alf Dean as Gravedigger The Bespoke Overcoat at the Internet Movie Database
In 1998 it became a subsidiary of Amazon Inc, who were able to use it as an advertising resource for selling DVDs and videotapes. As of January 2017, IMDb has approximately 4.1 million titles and 7.7 million personalities in its database, the site enables registered users to submit new material and edits to existing entries. Although all data is checked before going live, the system has open to abuse. The site featured message boards which stimulate regular debates and dialogue among authenticated users, IMDb shutdown the message boards permanently on February 20,2017. Anyone with a connection can read the movie and talent pages of IMDb. A registration process is however, to contribute info to the site. A registered user chooses a name for themselves, and is given a profile page. These badges range from total contributions made, to independent categories such as photos, bios, if a registered user or visitor happens to be in the entertainment industry, and has an IMDb page, that user/visitor can add photos to that page by enrolling in IMDbPRO.
Actors and industry executives can post their own resume and this fee enrolls them in a membership called IMDbPro. PRO can be accessed by anyone willing to pay the fee, which is $19.99 USD per month, or if paid annually, $149.99, which comes to approximately $12.50 per month USD. Membership enables a user to access the rank order of each industry personality, as well as agent contact information for any actor, director etc. that has an IMDb page. Enrolling in PRO for industry personnel, enables those members the ability to upload a head shot to open their page, as well as the ability to upload hundreds of photos to accompany their page. Anyone can register as a user, and contribute to the site as well as enjoy its content, however those users enrolled in PRO have greater access and privileges. IMDb originated with a Usenet posting by British film fan and computer programmer Col Needham entitled Those Eyes, others with similar interests soon responded with additions or different lists of their own.
Needham subsequently started an Actors List, while Dave Knight began a Directors List, and Andy Krieg took over THE LIST from Hank Driskill, which would be renamed the Actress List. Both lists had been restricted to people who were alive and working, the goal of the participants now was to make the lists as inclusive as possible. By late 1990, the lists included almost 10,000 movies and television series correlated with actors and actresses appearing therein. On October 17,1990, Needham developed and posted a collection of Unix shell scripts which could be used to search the four lists, at the time, it was known as the rec. arts. movies movie database
Seal Island (film)
Seal Island is a 1948 American documentary film directed by James Algar. Produced by Walt Disney, it was the first installment of the True-Life Adventures series of nature documentaries and it won an Academy Award in 1949 for Best Short Subject. Winston Hibler as Narrator In 1947, Walt Disney contracted with Alfred and Elma Milotte to shoot footage of the wildlife. Disney did not see the value in the footage of human activity in Alaska. Disney himself coined the title Seal Island for the film, the Milottes shot more than 100,000 feet of film and spent over a year filming the seals. The total production cost Disney a little over $100,000, RKO Pictures, the studio distributing Disneys films at the time, initially refused to release the half-hour Seal Island. Seal Island at the Internet Movie Database