The Renault Clio is a supermini car, produced by the French automobile manufacturer Renault. It was launched in 1990, was in its fourth generation in 2012; the Clio has had substantial critical and commercial success, being one of Europe's top-selling cars since its launch, it is credited with restoring Renault's reputation and stature after a difficult second half of the 1980s. The Clio is one of only three cars, the others being the Volkswagen Golf and Opel Astra, to have been voted European Car of the Year twice, in 1991 and 2006; the Clio is sold as the Renault Lutécia in Japan because Honda retains the rights to the name Clio after establishing the Honda Clio sales channel in 1984. Lutecia is derived from the word Lutetia, a former Roman city, now known as Paris; the Renault Lutecia was available through Yanase Co. Ltd. but in 1999 Renault purchased a stake in Japanese automaker Nissan. Following Renault's takeover, distribution rights for the Lutecia were handed over to Nissan locations in 2000.
Renault had replaced its R5 supermini with a redesigned model in 1984, but soon afterwards began working on an all-new supermini to take the company into the 1990s. It was decided that the new car would feature a name designation, rather than the numeric model designations which Renault had traditionally used. Cars like the Fuego coupe had been an exception to this rule, the last "numeric" Renault was the 19, launched in 1988, by the end of 1996 the numeric model designations had disappeared from the Renault range; the Clio was introduced at the Paris Motor Show in June 1990 and sales in France and the rest of the continent began although sales on the right-hand drive Britain did not begin until March 1991. The Clio was the replacement to the hugely successful Renault 5, although this car remained in production until 1996 at a factory in Slovenia, where some versions of the Clio were built; the Clio's suspension and floorpan were the same as the R5, derived from the R9 saloon of 1981 and R11 hatchback of 1983 - not that of the original 1972 Renault 5, despite the R5 visually resembling the original model.
The suspension uses half-width torsion bars with trailing arms at the rear, coil sprung MacPherson struts, attached to a thick pressed steel subframe at the front. The engine range available at launch included 1.2 L and 1.4 L E-type "Energy" petrol inline-four engines and 1.7 L and 1.9 L diesel engines, both based on the F-type unit. The petrol engines had their carburettors replaced with electronic fuel injection systems by the end of 1992, in order to conform to stricter pollutant emission regulations brought in by the EEC. A minor trim facelift occurred after only a year of being on sale. A new "smooth" version of the Renault diamond badge and a new front seat design were the only changes; the altered design did not constitute a new "phase". In March 1994, the phase two model was launched, with small updates to the exterior and interior of the Clio. Most noticeable was the change in the front grille from two metal ribs to a single colour-coded slat; the bump strips were made larger and rounder and had the car's trim level badge incorporated into them.
The badges on the tailgate strip were moved up onto the tailgate itself and the tailgate strip was given a carbon fibre look. The rear light clusters were given a more rounded bubble shape, giving the Clio a more modern look; the clusters, are physically interchangeable with phase ones'. In May 1996, with the arrival of the phase three facelifted Clio, the 1.2 L Energy engine was replaced by the 1,149 cc D7F MPi DiET engine, first used in the Renault Twingo. The cylinder head design on the 1.4 L E-type was slightly altered for the phase three models in a bid for better fuel economy. This resulted in the engines producing less power than their earlier versions; the phase three Clios have a more noticeable update than the phase twos. The phase three has different, more rounded headlights, incorporating the turn signal in the unit with the headlight, the bonnet curves more around the edges of the lights; the tailgate incorporates a third brake light and a new script "Clio" name badge, following the same typeface as contemporary Renaults.
Some mechanical improvements were made, as well as the introduction of side impact bars and airbags, which were now common features on mainstream cars across Europe. Renault released a hot hatch version of the Clio in 1991, it was aesthetically similar, but with the addition of a 110 PS 1.8 L eight-valve engine, side skirts and disc brakes on all wheels. This, with multi-point fuel injection, was badged as the RSi. From 1991 a lighter tuned version of this 1.8 litre engine joined the earlier 1.7 used in the luxurious Baccara version, sold in some continental European markets. In addition to this reasonably powerful engine, the Baccara has a luxurious interior with lots of leather and wood, as well as power windows, etcetera; the Baccara was renamed "Initiale" in 1997, in line with other Renaults, differing from the Baccara in the wheel design. During 1991, a 1.8 L 16-valve engine producing 137 PS capable of propelling the car to 209 km/h was introduced to the Clio engine range, known as the C
Clio Danae Othoneou is a Greek actress and pianist. She was born September 30, 1979 in Thessaloniki, where her parents studied, is the oldest of three daughters. At age 2, they moved to her mother's hometown. There she began the first courses of piano in the National Conservatoire of Xanthi at 5 and a half. A few years she moved to Athens, her father's hometown, she continued piano studies in the National Conservatoire, in Athens Conservatoire and the Attica Conservatoire, where she studied with Marina Lamprinoudi, Parry Derempei-Papastavrou and Dionyssis Malloychos. She gave her first public performance at age seven in "Parnassos Hall" in Athens, playing Claude Debussy. From 1996 she appeared in various Greek cities. In 1998 she received her degree in piano and in 2000 a diploma Soloist, studying under Dimitris Toufexis, she studied for one year in the Superior Dramatic Faculty “ARCHI" of Nelli Karra. The next year she passed through examinations to enroll in the Superior Dramatic Faculty of National Theatre.
The same period, she studied lyrical music with soprano Irini Karayianni. In 2005 she graduated from the Superior Dramatic Faculty of National Theatre
In Greek mythology, the Nereids are sea nymphs, the 50 daughters of Nereus and Doris, sisters to Nerites. They accompany Poseidon, the god of the sea, can be friendly and helpful to sailors, like the Argonauts in their search for the Golden Fleece. Nereids are associated with the Aegean Sea, where they dwelt with their father Nereus in the depths within a golden palace; the most notable of them are wife of Peleus and mother of Achilles. They symbolized everything, beautiful and kind about the sea, their melodious voices sang. They are represented as beautiful girls, crowned with branches of red coral and dressed in white silk robes trimmed with gold, but who went barefoot, they carried his trident. In Homer's Iliad XVIII, when Thetis cries out in sympathy for the grief of Achilles for the slain Patroclus, her sisters appear; the Nereid Opis is mentioned in Virgil's Aeneid. She is called by the goddess Diana to avenge the death of the Amazon-like female warrior Camilla. Diana gives Opis magical weapons for revenge on the Etruscan Arruns.
Opis laments Camilla's death and shoots Arruns in revenge as directed by Diana. In modern Greek folklore, the term "nereid" has come to be used for all nymphs, fairies, or mermaids, not nymphs of the sea. Nereid, a moon of the planet Neptune, is named after the Nereids; this list is correlated from four sources: Homer's Iliad, Hesiod's Theogony, the Bibliotheca and Hyginus. Because of this, the total number of names goes beyond fifty. Media related to Nereids at Wikimedia Commons Nereids in classical literature and art Nereid and Triton Mosaic from Ephesus Terrace Home -2 3D stereoview of Nereid and Triton relief from Temple of Apollo in Didim Warburg Institute Iconographic Database
Honda Motor Company, Ltd. is a Japanese public multinational conglomerate corporation known as a manufacturer of automobiles, aircraft and power equipment. Honda has been the world's largest motorcycle manufacturer since 1959, as well as the world's largest manufacturer of internal combustion engines measured by volume, producing more than 14 million internal combustion engines each year. Honda became the second-largest Japanese automobile manufacturer in 2001. Honda was the eighth largest automobile manufacturer in the world in 2015. Honda was the first Japanese automobile manufacturer to release a dedicated luxury brand, Acura, in 1986. Aside from their core automobile and motorcycle businesses, Honda manufactures garden equipment, marine engines, personal watercraft and power generators, other products. Since 1986, Honda has been involved with artificial intelligence/robotics research and released their ASIMO robot in 2000, they have ventured into aerospace with the establishment of GE Honda Aero Engines in 2004 and the Honda HA-420 HondaJet, which began production in 2012.
Honda has three joint-ventures in China. In 2013, Honda invested about 5.7 % of its revenues in development. In 2013, Honda became the first Japanese automaker to be a net exporter from the United States, exporting 108,705 Honda and Acura models, while importing only 88,357. Throughout his life, Honda's founder, Soichiro Honda, had an interest in automobiles, he worked as a mechanic at the Art Shokai garage, where he entered them in races. In 1937, with financing from his acquaintance Kato Shichirō, Honda founded Tōkai Seiki to make piston rings working out of the Art Shokai garage. After initial failures, Tōkai Seiki won a contract to supply piston rings to Toyota, but lost the contract due to the poor quality of their products. After attending engineering school without graduating, visiting factories around Japan to better understand Toyota's quality control processes, by 1941 Honda was able to mass-produce piston rings acceptable to Toyota, using an automated process that could employ unskilled wartime laborers.
Tōkai Seiki was placed under control of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry at the start of World War II, Soichiro Honda was demoted from president to senior managing director after Toyota took a 40% stake in the company. Honda aided the war effort by assisting other companies in automating the production of military aircraft propellers; the relationships Honda cultivated with personnel at Toyota, Nakajima Aircraft Company and the Imperial Japanese Navy would be instrumental in the postwar period. A US B-29 bomber attack destroyed Tōkai Seiki's Yamashita plant in 1944, the Itawa plant collapsed in 13 January 1945 Mikawa earthquake. Soichiro Honda sold the salvageable remains of the company to Toyota after the war for ¥450,000, used the proceeds to found the Honda Technical Research Institute in October 1946. With a staff of 12 men working in a 16 m2 shack, they built and sold improvised motorized bicycles, using a supply of 500 two-stroke 50 cc Tohatsu war surplus radio generator engines.
When the engines ran out, Honda began building their own copy of the Tohatsu engine, supplying these to customers to attach to their bicycles. This was the Honda A-Type, nicknamed the Bata Bata for the sound. In 1949, the Honda Technical Research Institute was liquidated for ¥1,000,000, or about US$5,000 today. At about the same time Honda hired engineer Kihachiro Kawashima, Takeo Fujisawa who provided indispensable business and marketing expertise to complement Soichiro Honda's technical bent; the close partnership between Soichiro Honda and Fujisawa lasted until they stepped down together in October 1973. The first complete motorcycle, with both the frame and engine made by Honda, was the 1949 D-Type, the first Honda to go by the name Dream. Honda Motor Company grew in a short time to become the world's largest manufacturer of motorcycles by 1964; the first production automobile from Honda was the T360 mini pick-up truck, which went on sale in August 1963. Powered by a small 356-cc straight-4 gasoline engine, it was classified under the cheaper Kei car tax bracket.
The first production car from Honda was the S500 sports car, which followed the T360 into production in October 1963. Its chain-driven rear wheels pointed to Honda's motorcycle origins. Over the next few decades, Honda worked to expand its product line and expanded operations and exports to numerous countries around the world. In 1986, Honda introduced the successful Acura brand to the American market in an attempt to gain ground in the luxury vehicle market; the year 1991 saw the introduction of the Honda NSX supercar, the first all-aluminum monocoque vehicle that incorporated a mid-engine V6 with variable-valve timing. CEO Tadashi Kume was succeeded by Nobuhiko Kawamoto in 1990. Kawamoto was selected over Shoichiro Irimajiri, who oversaw the successful establishment of Honda of America Manufacturing, Inc. in Marysville, Ohio. Irimajiri and Kawamoto shared a friendly rivalry within Honda. Following the death of Soichiro Honda and the departure of Irimajiri, Honda found itself being outpaced in product development by other Japanese automakers and was caught off-guard by the truck and sport utility vehicle boom of the 1990s, all which took a toll on the profitability of the company.
Japanese media reported in 1992 and 1993 that Honda was at serious risk of an unwanted and hostile takeov
Clio Lloyd was the 27th Chief Clerk of the California Assembly and a Santa Barbara newspaper publisher. Lloyd was born in Illinois, he was educated in private college. Mr. Lloyd took up teaching as a profession for 8 years, until he went into the newspaper publishing and real estate businesses in Santa Barbara County, California. In 1893, he was chosen as a Commissioner from Southern California to the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago. In December 1905 he was elected to a four-year term as a member of the Santa Barbara Board of Education. In the early 1900s, he was publisher of the Santa Barbara Daily Press, he was Director of the Press Publishing Company in Santa Barbara. Lloyd served as clerk when party patronage was still practiced in California government. During his terms as clerk, Lloyd served under four Republican Speakers of the Assembly: Arthur G. Fisk, Frank C. Prescott, Robert L. Beardslee Sr. and Philip A. Stanton. Prior to the professionalization of the Chief Clerk's office by longtime Chief Clerk Arthur Ohnimus, clerks were majority party loyalists.
To this end, Lloyd was active in Southern California Republican politics. He was Vice President of the League of Southern California Republican Clubs and Secretary of the Santa Barbara County Republican Central Committee, he was a member of the Independent Order of the Odd Fellows and the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks. Served as Chief Clerk from 1901-1910—at the time, this was the longest anyone had served as Chief Clerk. Clio Lloyd was the second person in California history to serve more than two consecutive terms as Chief Clerk, the first being Blanton McAlpin, elected as Chief Clerk in the Assembly's Third Legislative Session in 1852 and again in the Fourth Session in 1853; when Governor James Gillett called the Legislature into a brief Second Special Session in October 1910, Clio Lloyd did not run for re-election. In California, the Chief Clerk is now a nonpartisan officer of the Legislature, responsible for advising the presiding officer on parliamentary rulings, guiding legislators on legislative procedures, overseeing the records and votes of the house.
The Government of the State of California 1903," Published by Fred Coleman, Sacramento: 1903. Journals of the Assembly, California Legislature, 1901, 1903, 1905, 1907, 1909, 1910. View Assembly Journal archives online at http://www.assembly.ca.gov/clerk -click on "Assembly Journals" California's Legislature. E. Dotson Wilson, California State Assembly. California Blue Book, 1903 Office of State Printing: Sacramento, CA. California Assembly Chief Clerk Website
Vadem Clio refers to a handheld PC that ran Windows CE H/PC Pro 3.0. It was released in 1999. Data Evolution Corporation owns the rights to the Clio; the Clio is a convertible tablet computer, designed by Vadem Corporation San Jose, CA, which runs Microsoft’s Windows CE operating system and has a "SwingTop" pivoting arm. The 180 degree screen rotation allowed the unit to be used as a touch screen tablet or as a more traditional notebook with keyboard. Clio could run more than 12 hours on a single charge and together with the Sony VAIO, was one of the first full-sized portable computers that measured only an inch thick; the platform was conceived and created within Vadem by a skunkworks team, led by Edmond Ku. Clio was first developed without the knowledge of Microsoft and after it was presented to Bill Gates and the CE team, led to the definition of the Jupiter class CE platform. Handwriting software was from Vadem's ParaGraph group, the same team which provided handwriting recognition technology used in the Apple Newton.
Introduced in 1998, the Clio product line won numerous awards and accolades, such as Mobile Computing & Communications’ “Best Handheld Design, Keyboard Form Factor. In addition, the Clio has been featured in hundreds of articles and has appeared on the cover of a number of magazines, including Pen Computing and Business Week; the swing arm and rotating screen concept was conceived by Vadem's engineering director. The physical design was the creation of frogdesign, Inc. industrial designers Sonia Schieffer and Josh Morenstein and mechanical engineers Richard Huang and Jenny Schlee. The enclosure was made from plastic injection molded carbon fiber reinforced polyamide; the swing-arm was die-cast aluminium for stiffness and strength. The video signals relied upon a double-sided flex-circuit which routed from the base up through the arm to the display panel. Processor: NEC VR4111 @ 84 MHz ROM: 24 MiB SDRAM: 16 MiB Display: 9.4" 640 × 480 DSTN, 256 colors, touch panel Software screen Rotation: None Contrast and Brightness Settings: Yes Keyboard: 63 Key, US English—16.5 mm center-to-center Battery: 12-hour lithium ion rechargeable battery pack Power Supply: 120 volt Ports: 1 × RS-232 serial port 1 × Type II PC Card 1 × Type II Compact Flash Modem: 33.6 kbit/s Lucent IrDA support: SIR and FIR Speaker Microphone Size/Physical Dimensions: 8.75 in × 11.25 in × 1 in Weight: 3 lb. 5 oz. Processor: NEC VR4121 @ 168 MHz ROM: 24 MiB SDRAM: 32 MiB Display: 9.4" 640 × 480 DSTN, 65,000 colors, touch panel Screen Rotation: 0–180° Contrast and Brightness Settings: Yes Keyboard: 63 Key, US English—16.5 mm center-to-center Battery: 10 hour lithium ion rechargeable battery pack Power Supply: 120 volt Ports: 1 × RS-232 serial port 1 × Type II PC Card 1 × Type II Compact Flash Modem: 56 kbit/s V.90 Lucent IrDA support: SIR and FIR Speaker Microphone Size/Physical Dimensions: 8.75 in × 11.25 in × 1 in Weight: 3 lb. 5 oz. ActiveSync Personal digital assistant SuperWaba Vadem, Ltd.
Technical Support Data Evolution Corp. Review of the Vadem Clio Warner's Mips based PDA info Center NetBSD/hpcmips Project Page LinuxMIPS Wiki Linux-VR Project
American Whig–Cliosophic Society
The American Whig–Cliosophic Society is a political and debating society at Princeton University and the oldest debate union in the United States. Its precursors, the American Whig Society and the Cliosophic Society, were founded at Princeton in 1769 and 1765 by James Madison, William Paterson, Oliver Ellsworth, Aaron Burr. Two separate organizations, the American Whig Society and the Cliosophic Society were the primary student organizations at Princeton until the end of the 19th century. Competition from eating clubs, sports teams, other student activities drew members away from the societies. Prompted by declining memberships, the societies were merged to form the American Whig–Cliosophic Society in 1928; the organization's modern role is to serve as an umbrella organization for political and debating activity at Princeton, is Princeton's largest student organization with over 500 members. The Society hosts events open to all Princeton students, as well as to faculty and community members.
These include the Society's monthly Senate Debates on topics related to national or campus policy and discussion dinners with guest speakers, social events. The Society oversees four subsidiary groups: the International Relations Council, Princeton's Model Congress, Princeton Debate Panel, Princeton Mock Trial. Christian Schmidt'20 is the Society's current President. Recent past Presidents include Lena Hu'20, Rebekah Ninan'19, Allison Berger'18, Cydney Kim'17, Adam Tcharni'15, Matt Saunders'15, Cara Eckholm'14, Jay Parikh'12, Benjamin Weisman'11, Molly Alarcon'10, Devjoy Sengupta'09, Alec Williams'09, Aaron Spolin'08, Shriram Harid'08, Matthew MacDonald'07, Karis Gong'06, Andrew Bruck'05; the Princeton Debate Panel competes against teams such as the Oxford Union, the Cambridge Union Society, the Hart House Debating Club. It competes most in the American Parliamentary Debate Association league, of which it is a founding member, where it holds the record for most Team of the Year, Speaker of the Year, Novice of the Year awards.
It won five National Championships and a record eight National Championship top speaker awards. It hosted the World Universities Debating Championships three times, its alumni include Supreme Court Justice Samuel Alito, international relations scholar Joseph Nye, diplomat John Foster Dulles. Princeton Mock Trial ranks among the top 10 mock-trial programs in the nation, it ranked 2nd in the American Mock Trial Association National Championship in 2013 and won the AMTA Regional Tournament held at Princeton in 2008. It annually hosts a Moot Court tournament for high school students from throughout the Mid-Atlantic region. In the past half decade, the International Relations Council has grown to become the biggest subsidiary of Whig-Clio in terms of membership, it hosts Sunday weekly meetings for students to discuss international developments. It sponsors two annual international affairs conferences: one for the high school level Princeton Model United Nations Conference and one for the collegiate Princeton Interactive Crisis Simulation.
PMUNC attracts some 1000 high school students from around the world. Princeton Model Congress offers high school students the opportunity to simulate the experience of serving in Congress, sitting on the bench as a Supreme Court Justice, counseling the Commander in Chief as a member of the Presidential Cabinet or covering the Federal Government in print as a part of the Press Corps; the conference draws 1,200 participants. The Woodrow Wilson Honorary Debate Panel sponsors and promotes prize debates at Princeton University. Incumbent to this purpose is the goal of not only rewarding but fostering top-caliber debate at Princeton. Annually-held debates and oratory contests include the Lynde Prize Debate, the Class of 1876 Memorial Prize for Debate in Politics, the Maclean Prize and Junior Orator Awards, the Walter E. Hope Prizes in Speaking and Debating, the Spencer Trask Medals for Debating, the William Rusher ’44 Prize in Debating; the James Madison Award for Distinguished Public Service is a longstanding tradition and the highest distinction bestowed by the Whig-Cliosophic Society.
Past recipients include: President Christian Schmidt'20 Vice President Grace Collins'21 Director of Program Amy Jeon'21 President of the Senate Karthik Ramesh'21 Secretary Morgan Smith'21 Clio Party Chair Brigitte Harbers'22 Whig Party Chair Justin Curl'22The Governing Council of the Whig-Clio Society is in charge of managing the affairs of the Society. The positions of President, Vice President, Director of Program, President of the Senate and Whig and Clio Party Chairs are elected by all members of the Society to serve 1-year terms; the elected officers select a corp of appointed officers. Notably, Tina Ravitz, Class of 1976, was the Society's first female President; the Society was founded in 1765 by prominent Princetonians including President James Madison and Vice-President Aaron Burr. Alumni in modern times include President Woodrow Wilson, Supreme Court Justice Samuel Alito, Secretaries of State James Baker and George Shultz, Senators Adlai Stevenson and Ted Cruz. A full list of notable Whig-Clio alumni is linked below.
The Philomathean Society of the University of Pennsylvania The Philolexian Society of Columbia University The Philodemic Society of Georgetown University The Jefferson Literary and Debating Society of the University of Virginia The Union-Philanthropic Society of Hampden–Sydney College The Dialectic and Philanthropic Societies of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill The Phi Kappa Literary Society of Unive