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In Roman mythology, Cloacina, "The Cleanser" was the goddess who presided over the Cloaca Maxima, the main trunk of the system of sewers in Rome. She was derived from Etruscan mythology; the Cloaca Maxima was said to have been begun by Tarquinius Priscus, one of Rome's Etruscan kings, finished by another, Tarquinius Superbus. According to the Roman creation myth, Titus Tatius, who reigned with Romulus, erected a statue to Cloacina as the spirit of the Cloaca Maxima; as well as controlling sewers, she was a protector of sexual intercourse in marriage. Despite her Etruscan origins, she became identified with Venus.. Cloacina, from the Latin verb cluo, to cleanse, was one of the surnames of the goddess Venus, signifying "Venus the Cleanser", it derived from a statue of Venus which stood at the place where the Romans and Sabines were reconciled after the Rape of the Sabines, where they purified themselves with myrtle boughs. The small Shrine of Venus Cloacina was situated before the Basilica Aemilia on the Roman Forum and directly above the Cloaca Maxima.

Some Roman coins had her shrine on them. A short poem to Cloacina is attributed to Lord Byron: Cloacina appears in the comic B. P. R. D.: The Soul of Venice where she is claimed to be the protector of sexual intercourse in marriage. This comic cited the poem above. In Terry Pratchett's novel Dodger, set in Victorian London, Cloacina is identified with "The Lady," a fictional protectress of the toshers who make their living scavenging in the sewers. In book one of Rick Riordan's The Trials of Apollo, Apollo alludes to Cloacina as a possible godly parent of one of its protagonists, Meg McCaffrey, he mentions her again in The Dark Prophecy. In Horrible Histories, season 1, episode 9, Cloacina works at the "Roman Gods Direct." Information on Cloacina Article on Cloacina and sewers Toilet god

Mark Hoppus

Mark Allan Hoppus is an American musician, songwriter, record producer, former television personality best known as the bassist and co-lead vocalist of the rock band blink-182, as well as part of synth-pop duo Simple Creatures with All Time Low's Alex Gaskarth. Born in Ridgecrest, Hoppus spent his childhood moving back and forth between his mother and father's houses, as they divorced when he was in third grade, he became interested in skateboarding and punk rock in junior high and received a bass guitar from his father at the age of fifteen. After moving to San Diego in 1992, Hoppus's sister introduced him to Tom DeLonge, together with drummer Scott Raynor, they formed the band Blink-182. In 2015, Hoppus became the last remaining original member of the group. Blink-182 produced several rock recordings and toured exhaustively before signing to major label MCA to co-distribute their sophomore effort, 1997's Dude Ranch, which featured the Hoppus-penned hit "Dammit". After replacing Raynor with Travis Barker, the trio recorded Enema of the State, which launched the band into multiplatinum success.

Two more records followed—the heavier Take Off Your Pants and Jacket and the more experimental untitled album —before the band split in 2005 following internal tension. Hoppus continued playing with Barker in +44 in the late 2000s. Blink-182 subsequently continue to record and tour worldwide. Aside from his musical career, Hoppus has had multiple successes behind the recording console, producing records for groups such as Idiot Pilot, New Found Glory, The Matches, Motion City Soundtrack, PAWS, he has co-owned two companies and Macbeth Footwear, has begun a clothing line named Hi My Name is Mark. Hoppus hosted a weekly podcast in 2005 through 2006, which returned in 2015, he hosted his own television talk show, Hoppus on Music, from 2010 to 2012 on Fuse. Mark Hoppus was born in Ridgecrest, California, on March 15, 1972, to Kerry Wernz and George "Tex" Hoppus. Ridgecrest is a small town in the California desert, composed of what Hoppus described as "geniuses, scientists and just complete strung-out meth-heads".

Hoppus' Finnish paternal great-grandparents and Lempi Orrenmaa, emigrated to the U. S. from Laihia. His father, like many in Ridgecrest, worked for the U. S. Department of Defense, designing bombs for the town's Navy testing center. Hoppus describes himself as "pretty mellow" until his parents divorced when he was eight, which had a "drastic, unsettling effect" on him. "When my parents argued, it was always behind closed doors. I remember sitting outside my parents' room when I was seven years old, hearing the dulled voice of anger behind the door, it upset me a lot." Following these events, he spent two years shuffling between his parents' homes with sister Anne, until he and his father moved to Monterey. His father was away earning a postgraduate degree in college, he would describe his childhood as lonely, remarking, " was living by myself in the fifth grade." His father introduced him to the music of Elton John and Billy Joel. Hoppus describes himself as "pretty straight" until junior high, when he began skateboarding and listening to punk rock.

He lived in Fairfax, Virginia during his early high school years and attended Annandale High School during his second year, at which time he received his first bass guitar and attended his first concert: They Might Be Giants at the 9:30 Club shortly before his sixteenth birthday, March 4, 1988. "I didn't know where I should stand or what I should do, so my friends and I bought some menthol cigarettes and smoked for the first time and tried to look as cool as we could. We looked like idiots," Hoppus remembered. Hoppus received his first bass as a gift from his father, purchased at a local music shop in Annandale, he earned money for a set of amplifiers by helping him paint his house. Hoppus never took bass lessons, instead he taught himself by playing to bands such as the Descendents, The Cure, Bad Religion. Hoppus has remarked that "Silly Girl" by the Descendents was the "song that made me fall in love with punk rock music that song changed my life forever." Hoppus borrowed a cassette version of The Cure's Kiss Me, Kiss Me, Kiss Me from friend Wendy Franklin the summer following junior high school and was taken with "Just Like Heaven".

Hoppus began to dress like frontman Robert Smith, donning eyeliner and "occasionally bright red lipstick" to his high school classes. Beginning in his first year, Hoppus gained solace through music of both The The Smiths. Hoppus played by himself and sang in the band Pier 69 covering songs by The Cure, recorded a live demo with a group named The Attic Children in 1988, featuring covers of The Cure songs. Hoppus returned to Ridgecrest in 1989. In his teen years, a friend of Hoppus would steal his mother's car in the middle of the night and pick Hoppus up. After graduating from Burroughs High School in 1990, he began playing in a band called of All Things he formed with two friends, covering songs by Descendents, Social Distortion and Bad Religion, as well as writing original punk numbers; the group performed at friend's parties and bonfires, once played Oasis, the local music venue. Hoppus left Ridgecrest in summer 1992 to attend college and get a job at a local music store in San Diego. Hoppus continued playing gigs with of All Things, returnin

The Coffin Quilt

The Coffin Quilt is a novel by Ann Rinaldi, first published in 1999. Set in Kentucky and West Virginia, it tells the story of the Hatfield-McCoy feud in the late 19th century through the eyes of Fanny, a young female member of the McCoy family. Choosing between family and what is right is one of the major decisions Fanny McCoy has to make; when the McCoys decide to wage a war against a rival family, the Hatfields, things start to get out of hand. Rinaldi tells the story of the Hatfield-McCoy feud in the late 18th century through the eyes of Fanny, a young female member of the McCoy clan. Set against the backdrop of the Civil War, Rinaldi illustrates the fervent code of honor in the mountains of Kentucky and West Virginia as her protagonist struggles to understand the superstition and loyalty fueling the cycle of violence in Tug Valley. In the end, Fanny must choose between her future to escape the feud; when Fanny’s sister, the “purtiest girl in the county,” has an affair with Johnse Hatfield, the slow brewing hatred between the Hatfield and the McCoys erupts.

As the families take the law into their own hands through dubious pacts and midnight raids, Fanny follows her sister Roseanna into a nest of secrets. Pregnant and estranged from her lover, Roseanna sews a coffin quilt to preserve the family members so disappearing from Tug Valley. Fanny disapproves of the quilt despite her loyalty to her sister and evolves from an innocent bystander to a judicious dissenter as the violence escalates. With the help of her mysterious “Yeller Thing,” Fanny learns to overcome the petty hatred plaguing both families. According to the author’s website, young adult author Ann Rinaldi uses her writing to excite readers about the American experience, her books have been noted for their ability to augment girls’ interest in history. Rinaldi, A.. The Coffin Quilt. Orlando, FL: Harcourt, Inc. "Ann Rinaldi's Author Website". Retrieved February 24, 2010. "Biography of Ann Rinaldi on". Retrieved March 1, 2010. "Publishers Weekly Review". November 11, 2009. Retrieved March 1, 2010

Cheryll Toney Holley

Cheryll Toney Holley is the current chief of the Hassanamisco band of the Nipmuc Nation, a Native American tribe recognized by the state of Massachusetts. She was selected to succeed Chief Walter Vickers after his resignation in July 2013; as chief, Holley's duties range from spiritual advice to job placement assistance. Holley is the tribe's third female chief in the past fifty years. Furthermore, Holley is one of the five founding members of the Nipmuc Women’s Health Coalition; the coalition is run by a group of Native American women advocating for culturally appropriate health care programs for Nipmucs. She is a co-founder and the director of the Nipmuc Indian Development Corporation, a Native Community Development Corporation, she is the director of the Hassanamisco Indian Museum in Grafton, Massachusetts. Prior to her election in 2013, Holley was the clinical supervisor of the dermatology clinic at UMass Memorial Medical center. Between 1998 and 2008, she served on the Massachusetts Commission on Indian Affairs.

In her role as proprietor of PastTense Genealogy, she works to connect New England’s descendants of communities of color in her role as proprietor of PastTense Genealogy. Holley is a historian specializing in Native American and African American genealogies. In June 2014, she participated in a panel discussion of Massachusetts tribal leaders at Boston’s Suffolk University entitled, “A Hidden History: How Massachusetts Law and Policy Facilitated the Loss of Tribal Lands.” She described the vast land dispossession at the end of the eighteenth century where the majority of Hassanamesit Nipmuc reservation land was sold to English families. Today, only three acres remain of the original Hassanamesit reservation in Massachusetts. In March 2015, Holley participated in another conversation with tribal leaders at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, on the topic of challenges with repatriation work in efforts to properly rebury tribal members. In April 2015, Holley spoke at the 13th New England Regional Genealogical Conference in Providence, Rhode Island.

She discussed how New England’s waterways served as highways between tribes, fostering intertribal connections that still exist today. What It Means to Be Native American Indian in New England Today: A Personal View For All My Relations: Dedicated to New England's Communities of Color Letter in support of federal recognition A Brief Look at Nipmuc History. Reprinted in Dawnland Voices: An Anthology of Writing from Indigenous New England, ed. Siobhan Senier: 404-10

Millard Caldwell

Millard Fillmore Caldwell was an American politician. He was the 29th Governor of Florida and served in all three branches of government at various times in his life, including as a U. S. Representative and Florida Supreme Court justice. Caldwell was born in the rural area of Beverly, outside Knoxville. There he attended public schools and attended Carson-Newman College, the University of Mississippi, the University of Virginia. During World War I, Caldwell enlisted in the U. S. Army on April 3, 1918, he was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Field Artillery, was discharged on January 11, 1919. Caldwell was married to Mary Harwood Caldwell. Caldwell moved to Florida in 1924, practicing law there. In 1926, Caldwell began serving as county attorney of Santa Rosa County. In 1944, Caldwell was elected governor of Florida. Taking office in 1945, Caldwell's term is noted for his segregationist beliefs, as well as his support for road construction projects and the establishment of the Educational Minimum Foundation Program, which gave education funds to rural counties.

One of the more colorful aspects of Caldwell's term came on August 10, 1945, during the surrender of Japan in World War II, when Caldwell issued a proclamation urging bars and other alcohol-selling establishments to close in order to prevent a frenzy of drunken celebration in the streets. After leaving office in 1949, Caldwell was appointed the administrator of the Federal Civil Defense Administration by then-President Harry S. Truman in 1950. After leaving this post in 1952, Caldwell served as a justice – and chief justice – on the State Supreme Court from 1962 to 1969. On May 14, 1953, Caldwell was initiated as an honorary brother in the Alpha Phi chapter of Alpha Kappa Psi at the University of Florida Caldwell died in Tallahassee on October 23, 1984, he is interred at Blackwood-Harwood Plantations Cemetery in Leon County in Florida. During his life, Caldwell was a member of the Newcomen Society, Shriners and Knights of Pythias, he was a member of Kappa Sigma and Phi Alpha Delta. List of Governors of Florida United States Congress.

"Millard Caldwell". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Millard Caldwell at Find a Grave

Albert Glinsky

Albert Glinsky is an American composer and author. His music has been performed internationally by soloists and dance companies, his book, Theremin: Ether Music and Espionage won the 2001 ASCAP Deems Taylor Award, is regarded as the standard work on the life of Leon Theremin. In 2009 Glinsky was invited by the family of synthesizer pioneer, Bob Moog, to create Moog's authorized biography, a project in progress. Glinsky is the son of Cleo Hartwig and Vincent Glinsky, he grew up in Greenwich Village, attended the High School of Music and Art, studied composition with Joan Tower and Otto Luening. He received his bachelor and master of music degrees in composition from the Juilliard School where his principal teacher was David Diamond, he earned his Ph. D. in composition from New York University, specializing in electroacoustic music. Glinsky has served on the faculty of Montclair State University, was BMI Composer-in-Residence at Vanderbilt University, is a Research Fellow and Professor of Composition at Mercyhurst University in Pennsylvania.

He is married to harpsichordist/pianist Linda Kobler. They have two children, Luka Glinsky, daughter, Allegra Glinsky. Glinsky's music has been recorded on the RCA Red Seal, Koch International Classics, Centaur, BMG Catalyst, Leonore labels, his work is published by C. F. Peters, E. C. Schirmer, Hinshaw Press. Since his earliest student days at Juilliard, Glinsky forged a style based on the melding of contemporary popular musics with classical traditions—one of the first composers to cross-pollinate such radically different musical styles; the American writer and music critic, Tim Page observed that, “Glinsky’s work is generated by American popular music, is cast in a traditional framework of gesture and form.” The first piece to incorporate this idea was the Rhapsody for Solo Violin, Flute and Timpani, described variously by critics as evoking, “the hoedown sound of Kentucky bluegrass,” and employing, “pentatonic, a dash of Blues, Country and quartal harmonies...skillfully and organically mixed."

The Philadelphia Inquirer wrote that the Rhapsody, “effectively translates…‘folk-rock music and other popular musics’ into an orchestral format.”In a similar vein, the composer’s piano Elegy was noted by The Washington Post as “a rhapsodic, syncopated classical jazz ballad, splendidly crafted.” Allan Kozinn, writing in the New York Times, termed the Elegy, “…a beautifully wrought fantasy, in which diverse influences show through but never dominate. Its central section is full of fascinating and unpredictable harmonic turns.” Another early work to make significant use of pop idioms was the Mass for Children’s Voices, a piece which the composer stated, “is set in a contemporary folk/rock style, yet at the same time has traditional overtones of chorale writing and unison chant.”American Record Guide remarked on Glinsky's success in combining disparate styles in Sunbow, which “reflects the world of unmeasured preludes beloved by his wife, Linda Kobler and his own zest for rock music Believe it or not, the combination works and the results are a lot more sophisticated than you'd think.”

Glinsky's blending of pop and classical influences has been noted in Toccata-Scherzo, defined by American critic Alex Ross as “an encore-like showpiece driven by a pop pulse.” Glinsky's Piano Concerto was characterized as “a modern classical work influenced by contemporary pop and rock music. The synthesis of styles—a Glinsky trademark—provides not only an overall, idiomatic effect but specific musical nuggets—points of inspiration drawn from contemporary performers such as folk rocker Suzanne Vega... or British concept rocker Kate Bush.” Glinsky's Canandaigua Quartet, which opens the Oregon String Quartet's CD, All That Jazz. The review likened portions of the first movement to “a back-beat rhythm in a rock band,” while the last movement, "Spin Out", was noted for “especially interesting ponticello and glissando effects that simulate an electric guitar or synthesizer.” Fanfare magazine remarked on the “folk elements in the heady jazz and rock mix.”Another compositional area Glinsky has explored is electronic music, prompted by the work he did at the New York University studios in the mid-1980s with a variety of digital and analog synthesizers including the alphaSyntauri, Voyetra-8, Buchla, Moog, McLeyvier, Yamaha DX7, the Fairlight CMI.

His interest in ‘art rock’ artists, some of whom were using these instruments on their albums, sparked a series of short compositions created in the studio. The composer's 1995 piece on the subject of homelessness, Day Walker, Night Wanderer, is a 45-minute dramatic work for chamber ensemble, solo vocalist, an electronic score, it was commissioned for the Philadelphia-based new music ensemble, Relâche, which created the premiere. In his program notes for the first performance, Glinsky wrote, “Stylistically, the work draws upon many resources: the integration of rock and jazz elements which characterize my work as a whole.