Closeburn, New Zealand
Closeburn Station is a working farm in the area and is less than 2000 hectares in size. It is owned by 27 shareholders.
- "Slice of Heaven". tvnz.co.nz. TVNZ. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
Closeburn Station is a working farm in the area and is less than 2000 hectares in size. It is owned by 27 shareholders.
1. Queenstown, New Zealand – Queenstown is a resort town in Otago in the south-west of New Zealands South Island. It has an population of 14,300, making it the 27th largest urban area in New Zealand. In 2016, Queenstown overtook Oamaru to become the second largest urban area in Otago, the Queenstown-Lakes District has a land area of 8,704.97 square kilometres not counting its inland lakes. The region has a resident population of 34,700. Its neighbouring towns include Arrowtown, Glenorchy, Kingston, Wanaka, Alexandra, the nearest cities are Dunedin and Invercargill. Queenstown is known for its tourism, especially adventure and ski tourism. The area was discovered and first settled by Māori before non-Māori arrived, the first non-Māori to see Lake Wakatipu was European Nathanael Chalmers who was guided by Reko, the chief of the Tuturau, over the Waimea Plains and up the Mataura River in September 1853. Evidence of stake nets, baskets for catching eels, spears and it is likely Ngāi Tahu Māori visited Queenstown en route to collect Pounamu. European explorers William Gilbert Rees and Nicholas von Tunzelmann were the first non-Maoris to settle the area, many Queenstown streets bear names from the gold mining era and some historic buildings remain. Williams Cottage, the Lake Lodge of Ophir, Queenstown Police Station, the miners and especially the Irish had taken an interest in the ceremony held for a small town called The Cove in Ireland which was renamed to Queenstown in honour of Queen Victoria in 1850. They may have had their own ceremony at the intersection of Rees, by 9 and 10 January 1863 the town was being reported with the name of Queenstown from several reports written by a correspondent in the Otago Witness on Monday the 5th and Tuesday the 6th. It was during the meeting there may have been a reference by a miner of the town being fit for a Queen, the Māori name for Queenstown of Tāhuna means shallow bay. A resort town, Queenstown boasted 220 adventure tourism activities in 2012, skiing and snowboarding, jet boating, whitewater rafting, bungy jumping, mountain biking, skateboarding, tramping, paragliding, sky diving and fly fishing are all popular. Queenstown is a centre for snow sports in New Zealand, with people from all over the country. Cross country skiing is available at the Waiorau Snowfarm, near Cardrona village. The 100-year-old twin screw coal fired steamer TSS Earnslaw traverses Lake Wakatipu, Queenstown lies close to the centre of a small wine producing region, reputed to be the worlds southernmost. The Two Paddocks vineyard is owned by local actor Sam Neill, neighbouring, historic Arrowtown features restaurants and bars. In 2013, examples include Bike Festival, Winter Festival, jane Campions six-part drama mystery Top of the Lake was shot during 2012 for pay TV release in 2013
2. South Island – The South Island or Te Waipounamu is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, the South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres and has a temperate climate. In the early stages of European settlement of the country, the South Island had the majority of the European population, in prose, the two main islands of New Zealand are called the North Island and the South Island, with the definite article. Charcoal drawings can be found on rock shelters in the centre of the South Island. The drawings are estimated to be between 500 and 800 years old, and portray animals, people and fantastic creatures, possibly stylised reptiles, some of the birds pictured are long extinct, including moa and Haasts eagles. They were drawn by early Māori, but by the time Europeans arrived, early inhabitants of the South Island were the Waitaha. They were largely absorbed via marriage and conquest by the Kāti Mamoe in the 16th century, Kāti Mamoe were in turn largely absorbed via marriage and conquest by the Kāi Tahu who migrated south in the 17th century. While today there is no distinct Kāti Mamoe organisation, many Kāi Tahu have Kāti Mamoe links in their whakapapa and, a notable feature of the Moriori culture, an emphasis on pacifism, proved disadvantageous when Māori warriors arrived in the 1830s aboard a chartered European ship. In the early 18th century, Kāi Tahu, a Māori tribe who originated on the east coast of the North Island, There they and Kāti Mamoe fought Ngāi Tara and Rangitāne in the Wairau Valley. Ngāti Māmoe then ceded the east coast regions north of the Clarence River to Kāi Tahu, Kāi Tahu continued to push south, conquering Kaikoura. By the 1730s, Kāi Tahu had settled in Canterbury, including Banks Peninsula, from there they spread further south and into the West Coast. In 1827-1828 Ngāti Toa under the leadership of Te Rauparaha successfully attacked Kāi Tahu at Kaikoura, Ngāti Toa then visited Kaiapoi, ostensibly to trade. When they attacked their hosts, the well-prepared Kāi Tahu killed all the leading Ngāti Toa chiefs except Te Rauparaha, Te Rauparaha returned to his Kapiti Island stronghold. After destroying Te Maiharanuis village they took their captives to Kapiti, John Stewart, though arrested and sent to trial in Sydney as an accomplice to murder, nevertheless escaped conviction. In the summer of 1831–32 Te Rauparaha attacked the Kaiapoi pā, Kaiapoi was engaged in a three-month siege by Te Rauparaha, during which his men successfully sapped the pā. They then attacked Kāi Tahu on Banks Peninsula and took the pā at Onawe, in 1832-33 Kāi Tahu retaliated under the leadership of Tūhawaiki and others, attacking Ngāti Toa at Lake Grassmere. Kāi Tahu prevailed, and killed many Ngāti Toa, although Te Rauparaha again escaped, fighting continued for a year or so, with Kāi Tahu maintaining the upper hand. Ngāti Toa never again made an incursion into Kāi Tahu territory
3. New Zealand – New Zealand /njuːˈziːlənd/ is an island nation in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The country geographically comprises two main landmasses—the North Island, or Te Ika-a-Māui, and the South Island, or Te Waipounamu—and around 600 smaller islands. New Zealand is situated some 1,500 kilometres east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and roughly 1,000 kilometres south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia, Fiji, because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long period of isolation, New Zealand developed a distinct biodiversity of animal, fungal, the countrys varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks, such as the Southern Alps, owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions. New Zealands capital city is Wellington, while its most populous city is Auckland, sometime between 1250 and 1300 CE, Polynesians settled in the islands that later were named New Zealand and developed a distinctive Māori culture. In 1642, Dutch explorer Abel Tasman became the first European to sight New Zealand, in 1840, representatives of Britain and Māori chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi, which declared British sovereignty over the islands. In 1841, New Zealand became a colony within the British Empire, today, the majority of New Zealands population of 4.7 million is of European descent, the indigenous Māori are the largest minority, followed by Asians and Pacific Islanders. Reflecting this, New Zealands culture is derived from Māori and early British settlers. The official languages are English, Māori and New Zealand Sign Language, New Zealand is a developed country and ranks highly in international comparisons of national performance, such as health, education, economic freedom and quality of life. Since the 1980s, New Zealand has transformed from an agrarian, Queen Elizabeth II is the countrys head of state and is represented by a governor-general. In addition, New Zealand is organised into 11 regional councils and 67 territorial authorities for local government purposes, the Realm of New Zealand also includes Tokelau, the Cook Islands and Niue, and the Ross Dependency, which is New Zealands territorial claim in Antarctica. New Zealand is a member of the United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Pacific Islands Forum, and Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation. Dutch explorer Abel Tasman sighted New Zealand in 1642 and called it Staten Landt, in 1645, Dutch cartographers renamed the land Nova Zeelandia after the Dutch province of Zeeland. British explorer James Cook subsequently anglicised the name to New Zealand, Aotearoa is the current Māori name for New Zealand. It is unknown whether Māori had a name for the country before the arrival of Europeans. Māori had several names for the two main islands, including Te Ika-a-Māui for the North Island and Te Waipounamu or Te Waka o Aoraki for the South Island. Early European maps labelled the islands North, Middle and South, in 1830, maps began to use North and South to distinguish the two largest islands and by 1907, this was the accepted norm. The New Zealand Geographic Board discovered in 2009 that the names of the North Island and South Island had never been formalised and this set the names as North Island or Te Ika-a-Māui, and South Island or Te Waipounamu
4. Otago – Otago is a region of New Zealand in the south of the South Island administered by the Otago Regional Council. It has an area of approximately 32,000 square kilometres and its population was 219,200 in the June 2016. The name Otago is an old Māori southern dialect word, introduced to the south by Europeans in the 1840s. Otago is also the old name of the European settlement on the Otago Harbour, established by the Weller Brothers in 1831, major centres include Dunedin, Oamaru, Balclutha, Alexandra, and the major tourist centres Queenstown and Wanaka. Kaitangata in South Otago is a prominent source of coal, the Waitaki and Clutha rivers provide much of the countrys hydroelectric power. Some parts of the area covered by Otago Province are now administered by either Canterbury Regional Council or Southland Regional Council. The Central Otago wine region produces award winning wines made from such as the Pinot noir, Chardonnay, Sauvignon blanc, Merlot. It has a reputation as New Zealand’s leading Pinot noir region. The Otago Province was the whole of New Zealand from the Waitaki River south, including Stewart Island and it included the territory of the later Southland Province and also the much more extensive lands of the modern Southland Region. Initial settlement was concentrated on the port and city, then expanded, notably to the south-west, the 1860s saw rapid commercial expansion after Gabriel Read discovered gold at Gabriels Gully near Lawrence, and the Central Otago goldrush ensued. Further gold discoveries at Clyde and on the Arrow River around Arrowtown led to a boom, New Zealands first daily newspaper, the Otago Daily Times, originally edited by Julius Vogel, dates from this period. New Zealands first university, the University of Otago, was founded in 1869 as the university in Dunedin. The Province of Southland separated from Otago Province and set up its own Provincial Council at Invercargill in 1861, after difficulties ensued, Otago re-absorbed it in 1870. Its territory is included in the region of the old Otago Province which is named after it and is now the territory of the Southland region. The provincial governments were abolished in 1876 when the Abolition of the Provinces Act came into force on 1 November 1876, two in Otago were named after the Scottish independence heroes Wallace and Bruce. From this time the national limelight gradually shifted northwards, beginning in the west, the geography of Otago consists of high alpine mountains. The highest peak in Otago is Mount Aspiring / Tititea, which is on the Main Divide, from the high mountains the rivers discharge into large glacial lakes. In this part of Otago glacial activity - both recent and very old - dominates the landscape, with large U shaped valleys and rivers which have high sediment loads, River flows also vary dramatically, with large flood flows occurring after heavy rain
5. Treble Cone – Treble Cone is the closest ski area to Wanaka, New Zealand. Treble Cone is the largest ski area in the South Island, Treble Cone is most known for its spectacular views over Lake Wanaka and Mount Aspiring/Tititea and exciting intermediate to advanced terrain. The skifield is the training ground for the national ski team of Austria. Founded by Murray Raffills and Ralph Markby in 1968, Treble Cone started out as a club field being managed by local ski enthusiasts. In 1975 Treble Cone was listed as a company to raise funds for a high standard road, modest base building and ski hire facilities, constructed over the summer. Treble Cone received its major upgrade in 1995/96 with the installation of New Zealand’s first high speed. The pre-existing double chair was relocated to the Saddle Basin to further access to the famed terrain. In the same period, major extensions to the building took place, a new car parking area was developed. Earthworks dominated development in the 2000s, improving the beginner and intermediate terrain in the Home and Saddle Basin, Treble Cone saw a new fixed grip quad chairlift in the Saddle Basin and Ski Patrol hut at the top of the Six Seater. In 2006 and again in 2007, further investment increase snowmaking facilities across the Home Basin, along with Cardrona Ski Area, Treble Cone updated its sales and ticketing systems in 2011/12, enabling the launch of OnePassNZ. The new RFID ticketing system also allowed guest with pre-paid passes to ski straight to the gate as well as track vertical and number of runs skied. Treble Cone is the largest ski area in New Zealand’s South Island, Treble Cone has a vertical rise of 700m creating the longest runs in Queenstown Southern Lakes District, including the 4 km High Street to Easy Rider beginner to intermediate groomed run. Treble Cone is most known for its steep and challenging terrain which they claim is some of the best in the country. Recent earthworks initiatives have however ensure that beginner to intermediate skiers and boarders are fully catered for, there is also a small terrain park and kids fun trail to explore. The thriving backcountry ski and snowboard scene around Queenstown and Wanaka utilise Treble Cone as a point to some of the best out of bound terrain in the region. The resort provides a discounted lift pass to help backcountry users more easily access this terrain from Treble Cone’s summit, backcountry tours also leave from Treble Cone, operated by Aspiring Guides. During the winter, various options are available including door to door shuttles from both, Queenstown and Wanaka as well as flights from Queenstown. The Treble Cone Race Academy is renowned for being one of the top ski race training grounds in the Southern Hemisphere, the programmes are designed to improve young athletes racing skills
6. Wanaka – Wanaka /ˈwɒnəkə/ is a popular ski and summer resort town in the Otago region of the South Island of New Zealand. It is situated at the end of Lake Wanaka, at the start of the Clutha River. It is the gateway to Mount Aspiring National Park, Wanaka is primarily a resort town but has both summer and winter seasons. Its economy is based on the many outdoor opportunities this offers, the town was originally settled during the gold rush of the 19th century. Along with the rest of the Queenstown-Lakes District, it is growing rapidly, the first European in the area was Nathaniel Chalmers, who was guided inland by Chief Reko in 1853. Maori knowledge of the region is evidenced by a sketch map from Chief Te Huruhuru at Waimate. European settlement began in the Upper Clutha River Valley in the 1850s, the first station was at Albert Town, the only place where settlers could ford the Clutha River. Tourism in the began in 1867 with the opening of the first hotel. Wanaka proved a popular tourist destination because of its borderline continental climate and easy access to snow. The worlds first sheepdog trials were held in Wanaka in 1867. Pembroke was renamed Wanaka in 1940, the town of Wanaka is situated at the southern end of Lake Wanaka. To the southwest is the Crown Range and town of Queenstown, to the northeast are the towns of Omarama and Twizel. Very close to Lake Wanaka is Lake Hāwea, in a glacial valley. To the south of the lies more of the Southern Alps. The Glendhu Bay motorpark is close to the town, leading into the Matukituki River valley and this gives access to the Mount Aspiring National Park. The centre of the lies on flat land beside Roys Bay. Parts of the town have expanded into the surrounding the centre. The lakeside area of the town is prone to flooding in spring
7. Frankton, Otago – Frankton is a suburb of the town of Queenstown in the South Island of New Zealand. Frankton was named after Frances—the wife of the areas first European settler William Gilbert Rees and he started farming at Queenstown in 1860, and Frankton was established in 1863. The Otago Witness of 14 February 1863 remarked that all its natural advantages nothing can prevent Frankton being the chief township of the district. The government moved all its buildings including the wardens Court and the receiver to Frankton. With no road between Queenstown and Frankton this created all sorts of inconveniences, the police at Queenstown Police Station travelled daily to the Court at Frankton. After a banquet in June 1863, hosting the secretary of the goldfields, and the police commissioner St. John Branigan, Frankton is located at the end of a large inlet in the northeastern shore of Lake Wakatipu known as the Frankton Arm on State Highway 6. It is one terminus of the short State Highway 6A, which runs seven kilometres west from there to Queenstown. The Frankton Flats is located in the Wakatipu Basin and enjoys longer sunshine hours, particularly in winter, than the majority of land in central Queenstown, Queenstown Airport is located at Frankton. The airport provides international flights to Australia, and domestic flights around New Zealand. Remarkables Park Town Centre is a medium-large sized shopping centre in Frankton, the Queenstown Events Centre, operated by Lakes Leisure, is also located in Frankton and contains the main recreational and sporting facilities for Queenstown residents. Facilities at the Queenstown Events Centre include Alpine Aqualand, sports fields for football and cricket, cricket nets, a new primary school, the Remarkables Primary School, completed in 2010 in Frankton and provides the first primary school for the area. The building construction features sound proofing due to its location near the end of the Queenstown Airport runway and this historic bridge was built between 22 December 1924 and August 1926. It was constructed as a dam to lower the level in the Kawarau River to enable the river bed to be mined. This idea may have been first suggested by Julius Vogel eigtth Premier of New Zealand, the dam gates were shut from 15 June to 15 August. This caused the water to back up from behind the bridge to the Shotover River confluence, less gold was found than expected and the project was largely unsuccessful. In May 1932, during the Depression, the gates were shut again for six weeks for unemployed men to fossick for gold, Frankton Arm Webcam A view down Lake Wakatipu from Frankton
8. Arrowtown – Arrowtown is a historic gold mining town in the Otago region of the South Island of New Zealand. Arrowtown is located on the banks of the Arrow River approximately 7.5 km from State Highway 6, there is also road access directly to Queenstown via the Shotover Gorge and a third route via the picturesque Lake Hayes. The town reached a low of fewer than 200 people in the 1960s before gaining popularity again. According to the 2006 New Zealand census, the resident population of Arrowtown was 2,151. The town has seen growth and construction, but it falls under strict appearance covenants applied by the local authority that aim to preserve the appearance of the town. There are many preserved buildings used by European and Chinese immigrants dating from the gold mining days of the town. Arrowtown is the home of the Lakes District Museum and Ah Lums store which is part of the historic Arrowtown Chinese Settlement, bordering the town is Sir Michael Hills Championship Golf Course which is home to the New Zealand Golf Open. This championship golf course is a membership club, but does allow green fee players by appointment only. The Club also provides a Day Spa that is available to the public, nearby is the luxury Millbrook Resort, which has a spa and 27-hole golf course. It was the site of the agreement of the Millbrook Commonwealth Action Programme, Arrowtown was constituted as a borough in 1867 and became part of the Queenstown-Lakes District in the local government reorganisation of 1989. Ebenezer Sandford, politician Arrowtown Arrowtown Village Arrowtown travel guide from Wikivoyage
9. Coronet Peak – Coronet Peak is a commercial skifield in Queenstown, New Zealand located seven kilometres west of Arrowtown, on the southern slopes of the 1,649 metre peak which shares its name. A popular ski resort in the Southern Hemisphere, Coronet Peak offers a long season, well received skiing and snowboarding terrain. The view from the south across Lake Wakatipu and the smaller nearby Lake Hayes is a further contributor to the mountains success. Dubbed the original ski area Coronet Peak is only 25 minutes from Queenstown. Coronet Peak has extensive snowmaking and is one of the last skifields in the Southern Hemisphere to lose its snow, Coronet Peak are popular locations for school trips in the Oceanic region because of its extensive facilities. Children 6 and younger receive free day lift passes, popular runs on Coronet Peak include Big Easy, M1, Greengates and Shirtfront, and Exchange Drop and the Back Bowls. Like European Alpine ski resorts, Coronets Peak offers much well-developed piste skiing, Coronet Peak is often the site of calendared international ski races and the training ground for many world class athletes. The field is operated by NZSki Ltd, who also manages The Remarkables skifield just across the valley and Mount Hutt in Canterbury, the field was New Zealands first commercial skifield, and was opened in 1947 with a single rope tow. Tourism pioneer Harry Wigley of Mt Cook airline fame commissioned Bill Hamilton to design, as visitor numbers grew, the field introduced New Zealands first double then treble chairlifts and in 1994, the second high-speed quad chairlift. In 2002 the Mount Cook Group sold Coronet Peak and The Remarkables to a consortioum of Queenstown businesspeople, now NZSki Ltd, for the 2008 season NZSki Ltd invested over $30 million on a new base building and 141 new snow cannons. The 2009 season opens with new snowmaking equipment, new piste groomers, the 2010 season sees the Meadows double chairlift replaced with a detachable quad chairlift. The lift will feature a self lowering safety bar and child friendly restraints, Coronet Peak official website Official nzski. com website Coronet Peak Webcam Powderhounds. com Coronet Peak reviews
10. Glenorchy, New Zealand – Glenorchy is a small settlement at the northern end of Lake Wakatipu in the South Island region of Otago, New Zealand. It is approximately 45 km by road or boat from Queenstown, there are several pubs, a café and a range of small shops in the town catering mainly to tourists but also to the small resident population. There is also an airstrip which caters to small planes. The Dart River and Rees River flow into the head of Lake Wakatipu next to Glenorchy, Glenorchy was named after Glen Orchy in Argyll, Scotland. Glenorchy is a popular tourist spot, close to many tramping tracks and it lies near the borders of Mount Aspiring National Park and Fiordland National Park. The Routeburn Track, one of the New Zealand Great Walks can be accessed by passing through Glenorchy, lesser known tracks such as the Greenstone and Caples Tracks and the Rees and Dart Tracks can also be accessed. Some of the activities that can be experienced in or near Glenorchy include, canyoning, fly fishing, jet boating, horse riding, kayaking, mountain biking, skiing, snowboarding, skydiving and boating. Just past the Glenorchy Golf Club is a circular public boardwalk which passes through the Glenorchy Lagoon and is a short walk for tourists. The local scenery was used as one of the settings in the first of Peter Jacksons Lord of the Rings films, lothlórien, Orthanc, and the scene where Boromir was slain and leant near a tree were a few that were shot in nearby Paradise. Vertical Limit, The Chronicles of Narnia, Prince Caspian, and X-Men Origins, other films that did location shots in Glenorchy and the surrounding area are Race for the Yankee Zephyr and The Water Horse. The 2013 BBC television miniseries Top of the Lake was also filmed in the area and was set in, while Queenstown is referred to during the series, Glenorchy doubles as the fictitious town of Laketop. The Reed Dictionary of New Zealand Place Names, Glenorchy Community Association Glenorchy travel guide from Wikivoyage
11. Lake Hayes Estate – Lake Hayes Estate is a suburb of Queenstown in the South Island of New Zealand. It is named after and situated near Lake Hayes, however, the main access to Lake Hayes Estate is off State Highway 6. To the west is the sub division of Shotover Country which can be accessed via Jones Road. Lake Hayes Estate was one of the first residential areas of a large scale involving quite flat land near Queenstown, the original 700 sections have virtually all been built on. In 2012 work began on a sub division bordering Lake Hayes Estate called Hayes Creek, for a long time, the area was known as Douglasvale but once residential development began around 1990 by Lake Hayes Estate Ltd it was officially given its current name. Nerin Square is a large roundabout situated in the centre of the estate, in 2014 the first shops appeared in Lake Hayes Estate within Nerin Square which consisted of a restaurant, bar and general store. A large affordable housing development called Nerin Square is next to McBride Park and it was set up by the Queenstown Lakes Community Housing Trust to help locals into their own homes due to the general affordability of housing in the Queenstown region. Nerin Square was the first major development for the trust, which built 27 homes in the centre of Lake Hayes Estate, McBride Park is one of the central points of the estate and was named after a family of industrious settlers who first lived on the land. In the centre of the estate is a grassed park which is surrounded by a bike park. There is a mini multi-purpose turf near Onslow Road which is used for basketball, hockey, tennis, there is also a large childrens playground next to Hope Avenue which includes a variety of activities available including a flying fox and a climbing rock. There is also a public barbecue incorporated with the playground, there are a large number of public trails that circle the estate and allow good access throughout the suburb. They are used by walkers, runners and cyclists and connect to the much larger Queenstown Trail, the Lake Hayes Circuit track connects with Lake Hayes to the north via Ada Place. The Twin Rivers Ride to the south connects to Frankton and Gibbston and is accessed via Widgeon Place, the nearby subdivision of Shotover Country to the west can is linked via the trail network to Lake Hayes Estate
12. Macetown – Macetown is an historic gold mining settlement in the Otago region of the South Island of New Zealand. It is now uninhabited but has become a tourist attraction, access to the town is via an unsealed road that heads up the steep-sided Arrow gorge. This can be traversed on foot or by bike, horse or four-wheel-drive vehicles. The road crosses the Arrow River or its side creeks 22 times and is not suitable for two-wheel-drive cars, the start of the road is found in the Arrowtown car park. In 1862 the sailor William Fox discovered gold in the Arrow River, by the end of that year over 1,500 miners were camped along the river and a small canvas town had grown up at the junction of 12 Mile Creek and the Arrow River. Amongst those that flocked to the area were three brothers, John, Charles and Harry Mace, after whom the town came to be known, in 1863 the population was around 300. At its height the town boasted a school, a church, by 1865 most of the alluvial gold had been extracted and many miners left for the gold fields of the West Coast. Quartz mining attracted more people in the 1870s and the population climbed to a peak of 206 in 1896, by the start of the 20th Century, the town was in decline and has long since been deserted. Little remains of the buildings but Needhams House and the bakehouse have been faithfully restored by the Department of Conservation. Joseph Needham was a miner and the Macetown schoolmaster from 1879 to 1889. He married a widow, Mrs Heads, who had one daughter, Mary, Mr and Mrs Needham had a daughter, Nellie, and their son was named Locksley. Mary Heads married Mr Thomas McSoriley and they were for years the proprietors of Beach House in Queenstown. One of their sons, Pat, became the captain of the tss Earnslaw on Lake Wakatipu, William Tily Smith ran a store in Macetown for over fifty years. He also did the mail run to Arrowtown and built the bakehouse. Oliver Palmer was a member of the Twelve Apostles, a group of miners who spent all their money on gambling and they would gather at the Montezuma Hut and referred to each other by a variety of lofty titles such as The King, The Doctor or The Saint. Many Macetown residents migrated to Arrowtown in the early 1900s to work in Queenstown and these included the Anderson family, who ran the Alpine hotel in Macetown, and the Tallentire family. The youngest son, Thomas Tallentire, later became the editor of the Queenstown Daily Mail in the early 1930s, William Jenkins frequently rode wildly through the streets of Macetown. By 1921 he was the remaining resident and promptly declared himself Mayor