Outside Closer is the sixth studio album by Hood. It was released on Domino Recording Company on 17 January 2005. At Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average score out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the album received an average score of 80, based on 27 reviews, indicating "generally favorable reviews". No Ripchord placed it at number 14 on the "Top 50 Albums of 2005" list. Credits adapted from liner notes. Hood – music, mixing, sleeve design I. Haywood – additional drums Nicola Hodgkinson – vocals Andrew Johnson – vocals G. S. Brown – piano, keyboards M. Wright – flute, clarinet E. Marcasi – trumpet, horns Omar Puente – viola Choque Hosein – percussion, recording, mixing C. Adams – recording Richard Formby – additional recording Julian Scott Wellington – additional recording Dallas – mastering Matt Cooper – sleeve design Outside Closer at Discogs Outside Closer at MusicBrainz
Closure: Live is a 2001 album by the Norwegian gothic metal band Theatre of Tragedy. Recorded live at the Metal festival in Katowice 2000, the CD has ten audio tracks and, on special editions, two multimedia video tracks. "Intro/And When He Falleth" - 7:41 "Der Spiegel" - 5:04 "Cassandra" - 3:46 "Venus" - 4:49 "Black as the Devil Painteth" 4:48 "Siren" - 6:10 "Poppæa" - 5:16 "Bacchante" - 5:51 "A Distance There Is" - 5:12 "Der Tanz Der Schatten" - 5:40 "Cassandra" "Der Tanz Der Schatten" Raymond Rohonyi - vocals Liv Kristine Espenæs - vocals Frank Claussen - guitars Vegard K. Thorsen - guitars Lorentz Aspen - keyboards Hein Frode Hansen - drums Siggi Bemm, Matthias Klinkman - mixing at Woodhouse Studios
Gestalt psychology or gestaltism is a philosophy of mind of the Berlin School of experimental psychology. Gestalt psychology is an attempt to understand the laws behind the ability to acquire and maintain meaningful perceptions in an chaotic world; the central principle of gestalt psychology is that the mind forms a global whole with self-organizing tendencies. This principle maintains that when the human mind forms a percept or "gestalt", the whole has a reality of its own, independent of the parts; the original famous phrase of Gestalt psychologist Kurt Koffka, "the whole is something else than the sum of its parts" is incorrectly translated as "The whole is greater than the sum of its parts", thus used when explaining gestalt theory, further incorrectly applied to systems theory. Koffka did not like the translation, he corrected students who replaced "other" with "greater". "This is not a principle of addition" he said. The whole has an independent existence. In the study of perception, Gestalt psychologists stipulate that perceptions are the products of complex interactions among various stimuli.
Contrary to the behaviorist approach to focusing on stimulus and response, gestalt psychologists sought to understand the organization of cognitive processes. Our brain is capable of generating whole forms with respect to the visual recognition of global figures instead of just collections of simpler and unrelated elements. In psychology, gestaltism is opposed to structuralism. Gestalt theory, it is proposed, allows for the deconstruction of the whole situation into its elements; the concept of gestalt was first introduced in philosophy and psychology in 1890 by Christian von Ehrenfels. The idea of gestalt has its roots in theories by David Hume, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Immanuel Kant, David Hartley, Ernst Mach. Max Wertheimer's unique contribution was to insist that the "gestalt" is perceptually primary, defining the parts it was composed from, rather than being a secondary quality that emerges from those parts, as von Ehrenfels's earlier Gestalt-Qualität had been. Both von Ehrenfels and Edmund Husserl seem to have been inspired by Mach's work Beiträge zur Analyse der Empfindungen, in formulating their similar concepts of gestalt and figural moment, respectively.
On the philosophical foundations of these ideas see Foundations of Gestalt Theory. Early 20th century theorists, such as Kurt Koffka, Max Wertheimer, Wolfgang Köhler saw objects as perceived within an environment according to all of their elements taken together as a global construct. This'gestalt' or'whole form' approach sought to define principles of perception—seemingly innate mental laws that determined the way objects were perceived, it is based on the here and now, in the way things are seen. Images can be divided into ground; the question is what is perceived at first glance: the background. These laws took several forms, such as the grouping of similar, or proximate, objects together, within this global process. Although gestalt has been criticized for being descriptive, it has formed the basis of much further research into the perception of patterns and objects, of research into behavior, problem solving and psychopathology; the founders of Gestalt therapy and Laura Perls, had worked with Kurt Goldstein, a neurologist who had applied principles of Gestalt psychology to the functioning of the organism.
Laura Perls had been a Gestalt psychologist before she became a psychoanalyst and before she began developing Gestalt therapy together with Fritz Perls. The extent to which Gestalt psychology influenced Gestalt therapy is disputed, however. In any case it is not identical with Gestalt psychology. On the one hand, Laura Perls preferred not to use the term "Gestalt" to name the emerging new therapy, because she thought that the gestalt psychologists would object to it. Thus, though recognizing the historical connection and the influence, most gestalt psychologists emphasize that gestalt therapy is not a form of gestalt psychology. Mary Henle noted in her presidential address to Division 24 at the meeting of the American Psychological Association: "What Perls has done has been to take a few terms from Gestalt psychology, stretch their meaning beyond recognition, mix them with notions—often unclear and incompatible—from the depth psychologies and common sense, he has called the whole mixture gestalt therapy.
His work has no substantive relation to scientific Gestalt psychology. To use his own language, Fritz Perls has done'his thing'. There have been clinical applications of Gestalt psychology in the psychotherapeutic field long before Perls'ian Gestalt therapy, in group psychoanalysis, Adlerian individual psychology, by Gestalt psychologists in psychotherapy like Erwin Levy, Abraham S. Luchins, by Gestalt psychologically oriented psychoanalysts in Italy, there have been newer developments foremost in Europe, e.g. Gestalt theoretical psychotherapy; the school of gestalt practiced a series of theoretical and methodological principles that attempted to redefine the approach to psychological research. This is in contrast to invest
Always (Gabrielle album)
Always is the fifth studio album by English recording artist Gabrielle. It was released by Systemtactic Limited and Go! Beat Records on 1 October 2007 through Universal Music, her first release in over three years, Gabrielle reteamed with longtime collaborators Julian Gallagher and The Boilerhouse Boys to work on the album. Always received positive reviews from music critics and entered the UK Albums Chart at number 11 and the UK R&B Album Chart at number 4. A supporting tour took place in February 2008. Adapted from AllMusic
Under Soil and Dirt
Under Soil and Dirt is the debut studio album by American pop punk band The Story So Far. Prior to the album's release several songs were made available for streaming; the Story So Far formed in Walnut Creek, California in 2007. The band consisted of Parker Cannon on vocals, Kevin Geyer and Kevin Ambrose on guitar, Ryan Torf on drums, Kelen Capener on bass. Ambrose parted ways with the band when he was replaced by William Levy. In March 2010 it was announced. Two months the band released an EP, While You Were Sleeping; the band supported This Time Next Year in November. The band went on tour with The American Scene in January 2011. Throughout the writing and recording process the band listened to Transit's Keep This to Yourself. All of the band members "thought it was next level", according to Capener; the band thought that the "14 awesome, solid" songs were "fucking badass" that they "want to do", according to Levy. Levy and Geyer would listen to Elliott Smith, The Weakerthans, Mother of Mercy, Black Breath while driving.
Levy described Under Soil and Dirt with lyrics about Girls and growing up. Capener said the album isn't "really in your face, but at the same time, it is. It's an honest record, it packs a punch". Levy found it difficult to write material since Capener lived an hour away and Cannon living six hours away. At the time, Capener was in college; the members shared. One weekend the band did pre-production where they "basically had the framework of each song ready to go" when they were set to go into the studio; the album was recorded in spring 2011, with Sam Pura producing. The band considers Pura a sixth member of the band. If Pura disliked a section of a song the band would listen to Pura. "Mt. Diablo" was re-recorded, the original version can be found a split with Maker. Cannon revealed. Cannon reasoned that this method "makes us look at ourselves from an outside perspective and not be assholes." Cannon did not "record one vocal sober". In April 2011 The Story So Far revealed the album's title, Under Dirt.
A month the track listing and cover art was revealed. The artwork was illustrated by Cody Sullivan, who provided the layout. On May 24, "Quicksand" was made available for streaming. On June 6, "High Regard" was made available for streaming. On June 14, "Placeholder" was made available for streaming. On June 17, the album was made available for streaming. Under Soil and Dirt was released on June 21 through Pure Noise; the band supported I Call Fives in July. On July 14, the band released a music video for "Quicksand"; the video was directed by James Liberato. The band played a record release show on July 18 at The Red House in Walnut Creek; the band toured alongside Handguns in August. The band supported Senses Fail in November; the Story So Far went on a short tour in early December with support from This Time Next Year and Daybreaker. The band supported Set Your Goals on a short holiday tour in mid-December. In January and February 2012, the band Save Your Breath. From late February to early March, the band went on the Pure Noise Records Tour alongside Handguns, I Call Fives, The American Scene and Forever Came Calling.
On March 18, a music video was released for "Roam". The video was filmed around the South Bank in London. In March and April, the band supported The Wonder Years on the Glamour Kills Spring 2012 tour. To promote the tour, a compilation album was released that featured the bands covering one of the other bands' songs; the Story So Far's contribution was a cover of the A Loss for Words track "Wrightsville Beach". The band played some headlining shows in July with Seahaven, Stickup Kid, Troubled Coast and Stateside as support acts. On October 8, the album was released in the UK. In early November, the band supported New Found Glory on the Road to Warped Tour in the UK. From late November to mid-December, the band supported New Found Glory on the 10th anniversary tour for their Sticks and Stones album. Capener said the album was "received well"; the album was included at number 26 on Rock Sound's "The 51 Most Essential Pop Punk Albums of All Time" list. All songs written by The Story So Far. "States and Minds" – 0:51 "Roam" – 2:54 "Quicksand" – 2:38 "Swords and Pens" – 3:09 "High Regard" – 3:51 "Daughters" – 3:06 "Mt. Diablo" – 4:09 "Four Years" – 2:44 "Rally Cap" – 2:18 "Placeholder" – 3:05 "Closure" – 3:19 Personnel per back panel.
Footnotes Citations Sources Under Soil and Dirt at YouTube
Closure (wine bottle)
Closure is a term used in the wine industry to refer to a stopper, the object used to seal a bottle and avoid harmful contact between the wine and oxygen. They include: Traditional natural cork closures. Historical applications no longer in use, such as wooden stoppers with cloth or waxThe choice of closure depends on issues such as the risk of cork taint, oxygen permeability and desired life of the wine. Another factor is consumer reaction, with the wine-buying public in Australia and New Zealand positive to alternative closures, while opinion is divided among consumers of the United States. In Europe, perceptions that associate screw caps with low-quality wine may be declining. Synthetic wine bottle closures may allow for a controlled oxygen transfer rate. Alternative wine closure Aging of wine The Oeneo Closures Debate 2006 with Peter Ferriera, John Forrest, Peter Godden, Terry Lee and Jamie Goode
Closure (Scarlett Belle song)
"Closure" is the debut single by Australian pop duo Scarlett Belle. It was written by Reigan Derry, Rudy Sandapa and Tamara Jaber, produced by Sandapa; the song was released physically on 4 June 2010 and digitally on 18 June 2010. Upon its release, "Closure" peaked at number 38 on the ARIA Singles Chart. "Closure" was written by Reigan Derry, Rudy Sandapa and Tamara Jaber, produced by Sandapa. It was recorded by Sandapa and engineered by Carlos Oyanedel. Phil Tan mixed the track and the mastering was done by Tom Coyne; the physical edition of "Closure" was released on 4 June 2010, featuring a Static Revenger remix of "Closure" and the B-side track "Girl That Weeps". The song was released as a digital extended play on 18 June 2010. For the week commencing 28 June 2010, "Closure" debuted and peaked at number 38 on the ARIA Singles Chart, it only spent a total of three weeks in the top fifty. Vocals – Scarlett Belle Songwriting – Reigan Derry, Rudy Sandapa, Tamara Jaber Production – Rudy Sandapa Engineering – Carlos Oyanedel Recording – Rudy Sandapa Mixing – Phil Tan Mastering – Toby Learmont, Tom CoyneSource