Blade Runner (1997 video game)
Blade Runner is a 1997 point-and-click adventure game developed by Westwood Studios and published by Virgin Interactive for Microsoft Windows. The game is not a direct adaptation of the 1982 Ridley Scott film Blade Runner, but is instead a "sidequel", telling an original story, which runs parallel to the film's plot intersecting with it. Set in 2019 Los Angeles, the game tells the story of Ray McCoy, an elite detective charged with hunting down a group of dangerous replicants. Although several of the film's characters appear in the game, with the original actors returning to voice them, the film's protagonist, Rick Deckard, does not appear in a speaking role. Instead, he is referred to on multiple occasions, is seen several times, his activities as depicted in the film are mentioned. Other parallels with the film include the reproduction of several prominent locations, as well as scenes and dialogue modelled on the original; the game features extracts from the film's soundtrack. Blade Runner was advertised as a "real-time 3D adventure game," since it was one of the first adventure games to use both 3D character rendering and a game world which progressed in real-time.
Unlike many games of its time, which used polygon-based renderers exploiting 3D accelerators, Westwood opted for their own software-based renderer using voxel technology. The game received positive reviews, was a commercial success, selling over one million units worldwide, it went on to win the Interactive Achievement Award for "Computer Adventure Game of the Year," and was nominated for "Best Adventure Game" by PC Gamer. Virgin Interactive wanted Westwood to make a sequel, but it was thought the cost of production would make the game commercially unviable, the idea was scrapped. Blade Runner is a point-and-click adventure game played from a third-person perspective, in which the game world is navigated and manipulated using the mouse; the pointer has four different styles depending on the given situation. Blade Runner's main focus is detective work rather than puzzles or combat, the majority of gameplay consists of searching for evidence, questioning suspects and analyzing clues; the player must solve compulsory puzzles, to progress the story, certain clues must be located.
Clues are found by searching crime scenes, come in the form of items, interviews, or unusual markings. When analyzing photographs, the player must use the ESPER system, a high-density computer with a powerful three-dimensional resolution capacity which allows for the enhancement of photos and enables the player to find details within the picture. Combat is available in the game, but is compulsory; the only weapon available to the player is McCoy's standard issue police pistol, which may be loaded with various types of ammunition. Another important investigative tool at the player's disposal is the Voight-Kampff machine, which tests people to determine if they are replicants. Voight-Kampff tests are automatically triggered at certain predetermined points in the game, although on occasion, the player has the option of administering a test; the test depicts a close-up of the subject's eye, features three needles. The further the top needle moves to the right, the more the subject is a replicant.
The third needle is on a sweeping axis and measures the intensity of the questions, the pressure felt by the subject. If the player pushes the subject too far, by asking too many high intensity questions, the test will end before a definite result can be obtained. If the player determines with certainty whether a subject is or is not a replicant, the test ends automatically; the player must decide what course of action to take, with the decision influencing the rest of the storyline. Aside from choosing how to react to Voight-Kampff results, the player must decide how McCoy conducts himself in other areas of the game, such as whether to interrogate an NPC, or talk to them, how aggressive to be in his questioning; the player can choose from one of five settings regarding McCoy's demeanor during conversations. If the fifth option is selected, conversations with NPCs will present the player with menus from which they can choose their questions, rather than the game automatically selecting questions.
Each choice will affect the storyline differently, with the player's cumulative decisions leading to one of the game's thirteen different endings. All clues, conversation histories and documents are stored in McCoy's "Knowledge Integration Assistant", where they are automatically organized for easy access; the KIA has three main sections. The "Crime Scene Panel" lists the various crime scenes, along with all known suspects and all related clues; the "
Clovis IV, son of Theuderic III, was the sole king of the Franks from 691 until his death. Although Clovis IV is called "King of the Franks", he was a puppet—a roi fainéant—of his uncle Pepin II, mayor of the palace of Austrasia. Bradbury, Jim; the Routledge Companion to Medieval Warfare. Routledge. Bradbury, Jim; the Capetians: Kings of France 987-1328. Hambledon Continuum. McConville, Julia. "Clovis III". In Nicholson, Oliver; the Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity. Oxford University Press. Media related to Clovis III at Wikimedia Commons
Clovis II succeeded his father Dagobert I in 639 as King of Neustria and Burgundy. His brother Sigebert III had been King of Austrasia since 634, he was under the regency of his mother Nanthild until her death in her early thirties in 642. This death allowed him to fall under the influence of the secular magnates, who reduced the royal power in their own favour. Clovis' wife, whose Anglo-Saxon origins are now considered doubtful, was sold into slavery in Gaul, she had been owned by Clovis' mayor of the palace, who gave her to him to garner royal favour. She bore him three sons; the eldest, succeeded him and his second eldest, was placed on the Austrasian throne by Ebroin while Clovis was still alive. The youngest, succeeded Childeric in Neustria and became the sole king of the Franks. Clovis was a minor for the whole of his reign, he is sometimes regarded as king of Austrasia during the interval 656–57 when Childebert the Adopted had usurped the throne. He is regarded as an early roi fainéant. Medieval monks attribute "the stupidity of his descendants" to that cause.
Noted Belgian historian Henri Pirenne stated that Clovis "died insane."Clovis II was buried in Saint Denis Basilica, Paris. Media related to Clovis II at Wikimedia Commons
Clovis Dardentor is an 1896 fiction novel by French writer Jules Verne, written as a travel narrative. Compared to other Verne novels, it is a unknown work. Common throughout Clovis Dardentor is Verne's usage of a comedic burlesque tone in the narration and in the characters' dialogues; the original illustrations were drawn by designer Léon Benett. The novel tells the story of two cousins, Jean Taconnat and Marcel Lornans, travelling from Cette, France, to Oran, with the purpose of enlisting in the 5th regiment of the Chasseurs D'Afrique. Sailing to Oran aboard the Argelès, they meet a wealthy industrialist. Jean and Marcel, whose desire to travel to Africa arises from their pursuit of financial independence, find out that Clovis —an unmarried man, with no family— has left no heirs to his fortune, yet Marcel, well-versed in the Law, knows that any person who were to save Clovis' life either from a fight, from drowning, or from a fire, would have to be adopted by Clovis. The cousins come to a plan: They will find a way to save Clovis' life, so that he will indeed be required to adopt them.
Clovis saves the cousins' lives: Marcel is saved from a fire, Jean is saved from drowning. While Jean continues to look for the opportunity to save Clovis' life, Marcel falls in love with Louise Elissane, the prospective daughter-in-law of one of Clovis' acquaintances, the unpleasant Desirandelle family. Louise becomes a key character in the novel. In the end, Louise is adopted by Clovis, marries Marcel. Clovis Dardentor was first published in France in 1896; the book was not published in the U. S. until 2008, when the Choptank Press of Saint Michaels, Maryland, re-published the Sampson Low version in a illustrated replica edition as a Lulu Press book. Three British film-makers are in the development stages of Killing Clovis Dardentor, an adaptation of the book, funding it through the site. Writer Lizzie Hopley has written the screenplay for the movie. Clovis Dardentor at the Internet Archive Killing Clovis Dardentor on IMDb
Chilperic I was the king of Neustria from 561 to his death. He was one of the sons of the Frankish king Clotaire Queen Aregund. After the death of his father in 561, he endeavoured to take possession of the whole kingdom, seized the treasure amassed in the royal town of Berny and entered Paris, his brothers, compelled him to divide the kingdom with them, Soissons, together with Amiens, Cambrai, Thérouanne and Boulogne fell to Chilperic's share. His eldest brother Charibert received Paris, the second eldest brother Guntram received Burgundy with its capital at Orléans, Sigebert received Austrasia. On the death of Charibert in 567, his estates were augmented when the brothers divided Charibert's kingdom among themselves and agreed to share Paris. Not long after his accession, however, he was at war with Sigebert, with whom he would long remain in a state of—at the least—antipathy. Sigebert defeated him and marched to Soissons, where he defeated and imprisoned Chilperic's eldest son, Theudebert.
The war flared at the death of Charibert. Chilperic invaded Sigebert's new lands, but Sigebert defeated him. Chilperic allied with Guntram against Sigebert, but Guntram changed sides and Chilperic again lost the war; when Sigebert married Brunhilda, daughter of the Visigothic sovereign in Spain, Chilperic wished to make a brilliant marriage. He had repudiated his first wife and had taken as his concubine a serving-woman called Fredegund, he accordingly dismissed Fredegund, married Brunhilda's sister, Galswintha. But he soon tired of his new partner, one morning Galswintha was found strangled in her bed. A few days afterwards Chilperic married Fredegund; this murder was the cause of more long and bloody wars, interspersed with truces, between Chilperic and Sigebert. In 575, Sigebert was assassinated by Fredegund at the moment when he had Chilperic at his mercy. Chilperic made war with the protector of Sigebert's wife and son, Guntram. Chilperic retrieved his position, took from Austrasia Tours and Poitiers and some places in Aquitaine, fostered discord in the kingdom of the east during the minority of Childebert II.
In 578, Chilperic sent an army to fight the Breton ruler Waroch II of the Bro-Wened along the Vilaine. The Frankish army consisted of units from the Poitou, Anjou and Bayeux; the Baiocassenses were Saxons and they in particular were routed by the Bretons. The armies fought for three days before Waroch submitted, did homage for Vannes, sent his son as a hostage, agreed to pay an annual tribute, he subsequently broke his oath but Chilperic's dominion over the Bretons was secure, as evidenced by Venantius Fortunatus's celebration of it in a poem. Most of what is known of Chilperic comes from The History of the Franks by Gregory of Tours. Gregory detested Chilperic, calling him "the Nero and Herod of his time": he had provoked Gregory's wrath by wresting Tours from Austrasia, seizing ecclesiastical property, appointing as bishops counts of the palace who were not clerics. Gregory objected to Chilperic's attempts to teach a new doctrine of the Trinity. Chilperic's reign in Neustria saw the introduction of the Byzantine punishment of eye-gouging.
Yet, he was a man of culture: he was a musician of some talent, he wrote verse. In September 584, while returning from a hunting expedition at his royal villa of Chelles, Chilperic was stabbed to death by an unknown assailant. Chilperic I's first marriage was to Audovera, they had five children: Theudebert. Merovech, became his father's enemy Clovis. Basina, led a revolt in the abbey of Poitiers Childesinda His short second marriage to Galswintha produced no children, his concubinage and subsequent marriage to Fredegund in about 568 produced six more legitimate offspring: Rigunth, betrothed to Reccared but never married. Chlodebert, died young. Samson, died young. Dagobert, died young. Theuderic, died young. Clotaire, Chilperic's successor in Neustria sole king of the Franks. Chilperic's name in Frankish meant "powerful supporter", akin to German hilfreich "auxiliary" An operetta on the subject, Chilpéric, was created by Hervé, first performed in 1864. Sérésia, L'Eglise el l'Etat sous les rois. Dahmus, Joseph Henry.
Seven Medieval Queens. 1972. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Chilperic". Encyclopædia Britannica. 6. Cambridge University Press. P. 163. History of the Franks: Books I-X At Medieval Sourcebook
Clovis was the first king of the Franks to unite all of the Frankish tribes under one ruler, changing the form of leadership from a group of royal chieftains to rule by a single king and ensuring that the kingship was passed down to his heirs. He is considered to have been the founder of the Merovingian dynasty, which ruled the Frankish kingdom for the next two centuries. Clovis was the son of Childeric I, a Merovingian king of the Salian Franks, Basina, a Thuringian princess. In 481, at the age of fifteen, Clovis succeeded his father. In what is now northern France northern Gaul, he took control of a rump state of the Western Roman Empire controlled by Syagrius at the Battle of Soissons, by the time of his death in either 511 or 513, he had conquered smaller Frankish kingdoms towards the northeast, the Alemanni to the east, Visigothic kingdom of Aquitania to the south. Clovis is important in the historiography of France as "the first king of what would become France". Clovis is significant due to his conversion to Catholicism in 496 at the behest of his wife, who would be venerated as a saint for this act, celebrated today in both the Roman Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodox Church.
Clovis was baptized on Christmas Day in 508. The adoption by Clovis of Catholicism led to widespread conversion among the Frankish peoples, to religious unification across what is now modern-day France and Germany, three centuries to Charlemagne's alliance with the Bishop of Rome and in the middle of the 10th century under Otto I the Great to the consequent birth of the early Holy Roman Empire, his name is Germanic, composed of the elements hlod and wig, is the origin of the French given name Louis, borne by 18 kings of France. In Dutch, the most related modern language to Frankish, the name is rendered as Lodewijk, in Middle Dutch the form was Lodewijch. In modern German the name became Ludwig. Numerous small Frankish petty kingdoms existed during the 5th century; the Salian Franks were the first known Frankish tribe that settled with official Roman permission within the empire, first in Batavia in the Rhine-Maas delta, in 375 in Toxandria the current province of North Brabant in the Netherlands and parts of neighbouring Belgian provinces of Antwerp and Limburg in current Belgium.
This put them in the north part of the Roman civitas Tungrorum, with Romanized population still dominant south of the military highway Boulogne-Cologne. Chlodio seems to have attacked westwards from this area to take control of the Roman populations in Tournai southwards to Artois, Cambrai controlling an area stretching to the Somme river. Childeric I, Clovis's father, was reputed to be a relative of Chlodio, was known as the king of the Franks that fought as an army within northern Gaul. In 463 he fought in conjunction with Aegidius, the magister militum of northern Gaul, to defeat the Visigoths in Orléans. Childeric was buried in Tournai. Historians believe that Childeric and Clovis were both commanders of the Roman military in the Province of Belgica Secunda and were subordinate to the magister militum; the Franks of Tournai came to dominate their neighbours aided by the association with Aegidius. The death of Flavius Aetius in 454 led to the decline of imperial power in the Gaul; the part of Gaul still under Roman control emerged as a kingdom under Aegidius' son.
The ruler of Tournai was succeeded by his sixteen-year-old son, Clovis. His band of warriors numbered no more than half a thousand. In 486 he began his efforts to expand the realm by allying himself with his relative, regulus of Cambrai and another Frankish regulus, Chalaric. Together the triumvirate met the Gallo-Roman commander at Soissons. During the battle Chalaric betrayed his comrades for refusing to take part in the fighting. Despite the betrayal, the Franks landed a decisive victory, forcing Syagrius to flee to the court of Alaric II; the battle is considered be the end of Western Roman rule outside of Italy. Following the battle, Clovis invaded the traitor Chararic's territory and was able to imprison him and his son. Prior to the battle, Clovis did not enjoy the support of the Gallo-Roman clergy, hence he proceeded to pillage the Roman territory, including the churches; the Bishop of Reims requested Clovis to return everything taken from the Church of Reims, the young king aspired to establish cordial relationships with the clergy and returned a valuable ewer taken from Reims.
Despite his position, some Roman cities refused to yield to the Franks, namely Verdun‒which surrendered after a brief siege‒and Paris, which stubbornly resisted a few years as many as five. He made Paris his capital and established an abbey dedicated to Saints Peter and Paul on the south bank of the Seine. Clovis came to the realisation that he wouldn't be able to rule Gaul without the help of the clergy and aimed to please the clergy by taking a Catholic wife, he integrated many of Syagrius' units into his own army. The Roman kingdom was under Clovis' control by 491, because in the same year Clovis moved against a small number of Thuringians in the eastern Gaul, near the Burgundian border. Around 493 AD, he secured an alliance with the Ostrogoths through the marriage of his sister Audofleda to their king, Theodoric the Great. In the same year, ne
Hector Hugh Munro, better known by the pen name Saki, frequently as H. H. Munro, was a British writer whose witty and sometimes macabre stories satirize Edwardian society and culture, he is considered a master of the short story, compared to O. Henry and Dorothy Parker. Influenced by Oscar Wilde, Lewis Carroll and Rudyard Kipling, he himself influenced A. A. Milne, Noël Coward and P. G. Wodehouse. Besides his short stories, he wrote a full-length play, The Watched Pot, in collaboration with Charles Maude. Hector Hugh Munro was born in Akyab, British Burma, still part of the British Raj, was governed from Calcutta under the authority of the Viceroy of India. Saki was the son of Charles Augustus Munro, an Inspector General for the Indian Imperial Police, his wife, Mary Frances Mercer, the daughter of Rear Admiral Samuel Mercer, her nephew, Cecil William Mercer became a famous novelist as Dornford Yates. In 1872, on a home visit to England, Mary Munro was charged by a cow, the shock caused her to miscarry.
She never recovered and soon died. After his wife's death Charles Munro sent his children, including two-year-old Hector, home to England; the children were sent to Broadgate Villa, in Pilton village near Barnstaple, North Devon, to be raised by their grandmother and paternal maiden aunts Charlotte and Augusta in a strict and puritanical household. It is said that his aunts were most models for some of his characters, notably the aunt in'The Lumber Room' and the guardian in'Sredni Vashtar': Munro's sister Ethel said that the aunt in "The Lumber Room" was an perfect portrait of Aunt Augusta. Munro and his siblings led insular lives during their early years and were educated by governesses. At the age of 12 the young Hector Munro was educated at Pencarwick School in Exmouth and as a boarder at Bedford School. In 1887, after his retirement, his father returned from Burma and embarked upon a series of European travels with Hector and his siblings. Hector followed his father in 1893 into the Indian Imperial Police and was posted to Burma, but successive bouts of fever meant his return home after only fifteen months.
In 1896, he decided to move to London to make a living as a writer. Munro started his writing career as a journalist for newspapers such as the Westminster Gazette, the Daily Express, the Morning Post, magazines such as the Bystander and Outlook, his first book The Rise of the Russian Empire, a historical study modeled upon Edward Gibbon's The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, appeared in 1900, under his real name, but proved to be something of a false start. While writing The Rise of the Russian Empire, he made his first foray into short story writing and published a piece called'Dogged' in St Paul's in February 1899, he moved into the world of political satire in 1900 with a collaboration with Francis Carruthers Gould entitled "Alice in Westminster". Gould produced the sketches, Munro wrote the text accompanying them, using the pen-name "Saki" for the first time; the series lampooned political figures of the day, was published in the Liberal Westminster Gazette. In 1902 he moved to The Morning Post, described as one of the'organs of intransigence' by Stephen Koss, to work as a foreign correspondent, first in the Balkans, in Russia, where he was witness to the 1905 revolution in St Petersburg.
He went on to Paris, before returning to London in 1908, where'the agreeable life of a man of letters with a brilliant reputation awaited him.' In the intervening period Reginald had been published in 1904, the stories having first appeared in the Westminster Gazette, all this time he was writing sketches for the Morning Post, the Bystander, the Westminster Gazette. He kept a place in Mortimer Street, played bridge at the Cocoa Tree Club, lived simply. Reginald in Russia appeared in 1910, The Chronicles of Clovis was published in 1911, Beasts and Super-Beasts in 1914, along with many other short stories that appeared in newspapers not published in collections in his lifetime, he produced two novels, The Unbearable Bassington and When William Came. At the start of the First World War Munro was 43 and over-age to enlist, but he refused a commission and joined the 2nd King Edward's Horse as an ordinary trooper, he transferred to the 22nd Battalion of the Royal Fusiliers, in which he rose to the rank of lance sergeant.
More than once he returned to the battlefield when still too sick or injured. In November 1916 he was sheltering in a shell crater near Beaumont-Hamel, during the Battle of the Ancre, when he was killed by a German sniper. According to several sources, his last words were "Put that bloody cigarette out!"Munro has no known grave. He Face 8C 9A and 16A of the Thiepval Memorial. In 2003 English Heritage marked Munro's flat at 97 Mortimer Street, in Fitzrovia with a blue plaque. After his death his sister Ethel destroyed most of his papers and wrote her own account of their childhood, which appeared at the beginning of The Square Egg and Other Sketches. Roth