Co-Co locomotives

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Co-Co wheel arrangement
A New Zealand DFT class Co-Co diesel-electric locomotive

Co-Co is the wheel arrangement for a diesel locomotive with two six-wheeled bogies with all axles powered, with a separate motor per axle. The equivalent UIC classification (Europe) for this arrangement is Co′Co′ or C-C for AAR (USA).

Co+Co is the code for a similar wheel arrangement but with an articulated connection between the bogies.


Co-Cos are most suited to freight work as the extra wheels give them good traction, they are also popular because the greater number of axles results in a lower axle load to the track.[1]

The 1Co+Co1 (and 1Co-Co1) wheel arrangement is a development of the Co-Co arrangement and is used where it is necessary to reduce axle load; each "Co" bogie has an additional non-powered axle in an integral pony truck to spread the load.


Notable examples include the British Rail Class 47, the Soviet M62 locomotive and the EMD Series 66, mainstay of many current European heavy rail haulage fleets, over 500 having been built to date; the very strong IORE locomotive has this also, but to allow higher locomotive weight, 30 tonnes per axle.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Lee, Robert (2007). The Railways of Victoria 1854-2004. Melbourne University Publishing. p. 212. ISBN 978-0-522-85134-2.