The Pacific Surfliner is a 350-mile passenger train service operated by Amtrak, with funding from the California Department of Transportation as part of the Amtrak California network. The Pacific Surfliner serves the communities on the coast of Southern California between San Diego and San Luis Obispo, the service carried over 2.7 million passengers during fiscal year 2013, a 2. 5% increase from FY2012. Total revenue during FY2013 was $62,576,548, an increase of 6. 8% over FY2012, the Pacific Surfliner was Amtraks third-busiest service, and the busiest outside the Northeast Corridor. The Los Angeles-San Diego portion of the Pacific Surfliner route was served by the Santa Fe Railways San Diegan passenger trains until Amtrak took over operations. Initially there were three trips, but in 1976 the schedule was expanded. In 1988 the service was extended to Santa Barbara, followed in 1995 with one trip a day going all the way to San Luis Obispo, as the name San Diegan no longer reflected the extent of the route, it was renamed the Pacific Surfliner in 2000.
The route is named after the Atchison and Santa Fe Railways Surf Line, the 350-mile San Luis Obispo-San Diego trip takes approximately 8½ hours with an average speed of 41.2 miles per hour, maximum track speed is 79 to 90 miles per hour. The Pacific Surfliner operates 14 daily trains between LA and San Diego, on the northernmost part, there are five trains per day in each direction. Thruway Motorcoach connections are available between Santa Barbara and Paso Robles during hours when that part of the Coast Line track is in use by freight trains. The 500 series trains go from LA to San Diego and the 700 series trains go onto the nothernmost part of the route. For trains 761,566,567, and 790, they operate slightly different schedules on weekends and they are recognized by having a 1 in front of their number. As of the April 3,2017 schedule, Amtrak created slightly different schedules for trains 768,572,583, because the San Diego, San Luis Obispo, and Goleta stations are not equipped to turn equipment, trains are operated in push-pull mode.
The locomotive is at the rear of the train, pushing the train from Goleta/San Luis Obispo or San Diego to Los Angeles, at Los Angeles, the train reverses at the station, and the locomotive pulls the train to San Diego or Goleta/San Luis Obispo, respectively. A project is currently being prepared for run-through tracks at Union Station in Los Angeles, as of 2007, the route recovers 63% of its operating expenses through ticket sales. Local agencies along with the host railroads formed the Los Angeles–San Diego-San Luis Obispo Rail Corridor Agency in 1989, the Pacific Surfliner is operated by Amtrak under the Amtrak California brand with funding provided by the California Department of Transportation. Serious discussions were held in 2009 regarding the local agencies administering the service rather than Caltrans,1225, passed in 2014, allowed LOSSAN to amend the joint powers agreement and become the sponsor of state-supported intercity passenger rail service in the corridor. In mid-2015, LOSSAN assumed oversight for the Surfliner and they are working with Caltrans to assess rail operations from Los Angeles to San Diego to develop better connections, close gaps in the schedule, and optimize the assets of the railroad.
The Surfliner cars used on the route are painted in a blue, Surfliner cars are equipped with overhead luggage racks, reclining seats with tray tables and footrests, reading lights, AmtrakConnect WiFi, 120v power outlets, and a wheelchair ramp
Gaviota State Park
Gaviota State Park is a state park of California, USA. It is located in southern Santa Barbara County, about 33 miles west of the city of Santa Barbara and it extends from the Pacific coast to the crest of the Santa Ynez Mountains, and is adjacent to Los Padres National Forest. The 2, 787-acre park was established in 1953, the park is bisected by U. S. Gaviota State Park consists of two units, one on each side of the highway. The western unit includes the beach and associated campground, which receives most of the parks visitors, both sections of the park contain trails for hiking, horseback riding, and mountain biking. The most heavily traveled trail is a dirt road leading to a popular hot spring on the eastern side of the highway. A more substantial trail beginning at the same trailhead leads out of the park to the summit of Gaviota Peak, trails within the park total 34 miles in all. Mountain lions may be encountered in the park, and warning signs are prominently posted, the park was closed for a month in 1992 following a near-fatal attack by a lion on a 9-year-old boy.
Plant communities in the park include chaparral in the regions, oak woodlands elsewhere. They are part of the California coastal sage and chaparral ecoregion, much of the park vegetation was burned in a large brushfire in June 2004, with wildfire being a natural part of the chaparral ecosystem. Adjacent to the park on the west is a region of private ranches and ranchettes known as Hollister Ranch. Access to this portion of the coast is tightly secured, singer Jackson Browne owns a ranch adjacent to the park on the west. The park includes a campground, which contains 39 campsites for RVs. Additionally there are eight picnic sites, the park includes a fishing pier which includes a small boat hoist, nearby are some favorite surfing locations. There are no hook-ups or dump station, the park is subject to a Mediterranean climate, with mild, rainy winters, and sunny summers, commonly with morning clouds. Temperatures below freezing are rare, and summertime high temperatures rise with increasing distance from the coast and these winds, known as Sundowners, are common all along the south coast of Santa Barbara County, but are frequently most violent in the Gaviota area.
List of California state parks Official Gaviota State Park website
The Oxnard Plain is a large coastal plain in southwest Ventura County, United States surrounded by the mountains of the Transverse ranges. The 16. 5-mile-long coastline is among the longest stretches of continuous, Ventura County is one of the principal agricultural counties in the state and it is a significant component of the economy with a total annual crop value in the county of over $1.8 billion in 2014. There is strong sentiment for retaining agricultural production, as reflected in the SOAR initiatives that have been approved by voters. This plain has been formed chiefly by the deposition of sediments from Santa Clara River and this plain contained a series of marshes, salt flats and lagoons prior to the expansion of agriculture. The Santa Clara River is one of the largest river systems along the coast of Southern California, there are several smaller abandoned oil fields. Oil facilities are interspersed with agricultural land uses both east and west of Oxnard, Human settlement at over 5000 B. C. E. has been documented in nearby coastal sites.
The presence or absence of water is a predictor of site location in Southern California. Several sites have documented at Mugu Lagoon. Spanish explorers made sailing expeditions along the coast of southern California between the mid-1500s and mid-1700s, in the 18th century, Spain began the colonization and inland exploration of Alta California. They established a system consisting of missions, presidios. Mission San Buenaventura was founded in 1782 next to the Ventura River,10 miles upcoast from the Santa Clara River, the Oxnard plain was used for grazing herds of livestock which required thousands of acres. The traditional way of life of the Chumash people became increasingly unstable and unsustainable on the Oxnard Plain with the introduction of these animals. The destruction wrought by the livestock and shortages of wild plants that used for food may have made the missions appear to be the only viable alternative to a disintegrating way of life. At its peak in 1816, the mission had over 41,000 animals including 23,400 cattle,12,144 sheep, the 4,493 horses constituted one of the largest stables of horses of the California mission sites.
The severe decrease in the Chumash population was in response to a set of social, economic. Mexico gained its independence from Spain in 1822, with the secularization of the missions by the Mexican government in June 1836, their lands were granted as rewards for loyal service or in response to petitions by individuals. Most of the land was divided up into large ranchos by 1846. This opened up the Oxnard Plain to further settlement by Europeans, control of the area was transferred to the United States under the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848 and California became the 31st state in the Union in 1850
Moorpark is a city in Ventura County in Southern California. Moorpark was founded in 1900 when the application for the Moorpark Post Office was approved, villegas was named Moorparks first postmaster on August 8 of that year. The townsite of Moorpark was owned and surveyed by Robert W. Poindexter and his wife, the town has experienced a great amount of growth since the late 1970s. The population was 34,421 at the 2010 census, up from 31,415 at the 2000 census, Moorpark has 19 parks, all with a variety of amenities. Park hours for unlit facilities are from 6,00 a. m. to sunset, lit facilities are from 6,00 a. m. to 10,00 p. m. The Citys Dog Park is open from 7,00 a. m. to 5,00 p. m. PST, and 7,00 a. m. to 7,00 p. m. DST. The Citys Skatepark is open from 10,00 a. m. to sunset on school days, Park facilities, including picnic pavilions, ball fields, soccer fields, and tennis courts can be reserved for private use. Of these most sources agree that its origin was Admiral Lord Ansons estate Moor Park in Hertfordshire and it is mainly believed that the town of Moorpark is named after the Moorpark apricot, which used to grow in the area.
The valley where Moorpark is located was inhabited by the Chumash. A Chumash village named Quimisac was located in what is now known as Happy Camp, the area was part of the large Rancho Simi land grant given in 1795 to the Pico brothers by Governor Diego de Borica of Alta California. Robert W. Poindexter, the secretary of the Simi Land and Water Company, a map showing the townsite was prepared in November 1900. It was a resubdivision of the large lot subdivision known as Fremont, an application for a post office was submitted on June 1,1900 and approved by August of that year. The application noted that the town had a railroad depot, the town grew after the 1904 completion of a 7, 369-foot tunnel through the Santa Susana Mountains. Moorpark was on the route of the Southern Pacific Railroads Coast Line between Los Angeles and San Francisco. The depot remained in operation until it was closed in 1958 and it was eventually torn down around 1965. For one hour on November 12,1957, this fact was featured on Edwin R.
Murrows See It Now television show, the reactor, called the Sodium Reactor Experiment was built by the Atomics International division of North American Aviation at the nearby Santa Susana Field Laboratory. The Sodium Reactor Experiment operated from 1957 to 1964 and produced 7.5 megawatts of power at a Southern California Edison-supplied generating station. Moorpark College opened on September 11,1967, Moorpark College is one of the few colleges that features an Exotic Animal Training and Management Program
Paso Robles, California
Paso Robles /pæsəˈroʊbleɪs/ is a city in San Luis Obispo County, United States. Paso Robles is located at 35°37′36″N 120°41′24″W, approximately halfway between the cities of Los Angeles and San Francisco, Paso Robles is where the region of Southern California ends. The elevation of Paso Robles ranges from 675 to 1,100 feet, but the majority of the main downtown area of the city sits at about 740 feet above sea level. According to the United States Census Bureau, the Paso Robles city limits contain a total area of 19.4 sq mi,98. 43% of it land and 1. 57% of it water. Paso Robles sits at the border where northern San Luis Obispo County and southern Monterey County meet, the area receives a mixture of these two types of climates, but the primary climate is defined by long, dry summers and brief, sometimes rainy winters. Paso Robles enjoys long-lasting, mild autumns and occasional early springs, the city receives an average annual rainfall of about 14.71 inches per year, and most of this precipitation falls during winter and early spring.
Paso Robles often receives less than 10 inches of rain per year and typically, summers in Paso Robles tend to be very hot, with daily temperatures frequently exceeding 100 °F from late June to as late as mid September, and occasionally exceeding 110 °F. Winters are often cool and moist, with daytime temperatures reaching into the low 50s°F. Mornings and nights differ from the average, as they tend to very frigid. Due to the close proximity to the Pacific Ocean, the marine layer occasionally makes it over the coast range and into Paso Robles. However, unlike typical California coastal marine fog in areas such as San Francisco, this fog is never long lasting, the all-time record high temperature at the National Weather Service cooperative city office was 117 °F on August 13,1933. The record low temperature was 0 °F on January 6,1913, there are an average of 81.0 days with high temperatures of 90 °F or higher and an average of 64.0 days with low temperatures of 32 °F or lower. The 30-year average annual precipitation is 15.17 inches, falling on an average of 47 days, the wettest year was 1941 with 29.19 inches of precipitation and the dryest year was 1947 with 4.24 inches.
The most precipitation in one month was 14.76 inches in January 1916, the most precipitation in 24 hours was 5.25 inches on December 6,1966. Although snow is rare in Paso Robles,4.0 inches fell on April 5,1929, at the Paso Robles FAA Airport, the record high temperature was 115 °F on June 15,1961, and July 20,1960. The record low temperature was 8 °F on December 22,1990, there are an average of 86.7 days with highs of 90 °F or higher and an average of 53.6 days with lows of 32 °F or lower. The 30-year average annual precipitation is 12.57 inches, falling on an average of 42 days, the wettest year was 1995 with 25.56 inches and the dryest year was 2007 with 4.20 inches. The most precipitation in one month was 12.19 inches in January 1969, the most precipitation in 24 hours was 5.47 inches on March 10,1995
Coalinga is a city in Fresno County and the western San Joaquin Valley, in central California. It was formerly known as Coaling Station A, the population was 13,380 at the 2010 census, up from 11,668 at the 2000 census. It is the site of both Pleasant Valley State Prison and Coalinga State Hospital, legendary bandit Joaquin Murrieta was killed in 1853 at his headquarters, Arroyo de Cantua, north of Coalinga. California Historical Landmark #344 marks the site of where he was slain, near the junction of present-day State Route 33. Before 20th century diesel locomotives, steam locomotives were used, the Southern Pacific Railroad Company established the site as a coaling station in 1888, and it was called simply Coaling Station A. Local tradition has it that an official of Southern Pacific made the more sonorous by adding an a to it. However, it is just as likely that the small railside signs of the day, the resemblance to Nahuatl is accidental. The first post office was established in 1899, the city was incorporated in 1906.
Coalingas water was so mineral-laden that potable water had to be brought in by railroad in tanker cars from Armona, for many years, Armona Water was the only water residents could drink. Coalinga was one of only a few towns in the United States that had three taps — one for hot water, one for water, and one for drinking water. Finally, in the early 1960s, Coalinga held the first practical demonstration for reverse osmosis, damage was severe in downtown Coalinga–the eight block commercial district was almost totally destroyed. The shock was felt as far away as Los Angeles and western Nevada, Coalinga is located 52 miles southwest of Fresno, at an elevation of 673 feet. The topography is generally level, suitable for a number of crops which do not require large amounts of water. Underlying rock formations include the occurrence of Vaqueros sandstone, the city is located near a particularly active portion of the San Andreas Fault, and earthquakes are frequent. Coalinga has a climate, with hot summers and cool winters.
The average annual precipitation is 8.25 in, falling mainly from October to May, the citys main industries are agriculture and incarceration. The city is home to the Coalinga Oil Field, operated by Chevron and Aera Energy, the Guijarral Hills Oil Field, Pleasant Valley State Prison, and Coalinga State Hospital. Coalinga is home to Californias first new mental hospital in more than 50 years
San Bruno, California
San Bruno is a city in San Mateo County, United States, incorporated in 1914. The population was 41,114 at the 2010 United States Census, according to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.5 square miles, all of it land. San Bruno City Hall sits at an elevation of 41 feet above sea level. Portions of Mills Park and Rollingwood are very hilly, featuring canyons, many of them now in culverts, flow from springs in the hills toward San Francisco Bay. Just west of Skyline Boulevard and outside of city limits is San Andreas Lake, the lake is one of several reservoirs used by the San Francisco Water Department, providing water to San Francisco and several communities in San Mateo County, including San Bruno west of I-280. San Bruno enjoys a mild Mediterranean climate characterized by cool, dry summers and chilly, since 1927, the National Weather Service has maintained a weather station at the nearby San Francisco International Airport. According to the records, January is the coldest month with an average high of 55.9 °F.
Frost occurs occasionally during the months, snowfall is very rare. Measurable snowfalls occurred on December 11,1932, and February 5,1976, in recent years, traces of snow have been reported on December 27,1988, January 8,1989, and February 24,1996. Freezing temperatures occur on an average of only 1.3 days annually, the coldest winter temperature on record was 20 °F on December 11,1932, the same day 1.0 inch of snow fell. September is the warmest month with a high of 72.7 °F. Temperatures exceed 90 °F on an average of 4.0 days annually and low overcast are common during the night and morning hours in the summer months, which are generally very dry except for occasional light drizzle from the fog. On rare occasions moisture moving up from tropical storms has produced thunderstorms or showers in the summer, gusty westerly winds are common in the afternoon during the summer. The highest summer temperature was 106 °F on June 14,1961, a high of 105 °F was recorded on July 17,1988, and a high of 103 °F was recorded on September 14,1971.
Until August 1,1993, it had never reached 100 °F in August, due to thermal inversions, summer temperatures in the higher hills are often much higher than at the airport. Thunderstorms occur several times a year, mostly during the winter months, the annual average days with measurable precipitation is 65.2 days. The most rainfall in a month at the airport was 13.64 inches in February 1998, nylund reported 6.09 inches in Crestmoor during a 24-hour period in January 1967. Winter storms are accompanied by strong southerly winds
San Jose, California
San Jose, officially the City of San José, is the economic and political center of Silicon Valley and the largest city in Northern California. With an estimated 2015 population of 1,026,908, it is the third most populous city in California and the tenth most populous in United States. Located in the center of the Santa Clara Valley, on the shore of San Francisco Bay. San Jose is the county seat of Santa Clara County, the most affluent county in California. San Jose is the largest city in both the San Francisco Bay Area and the San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland Combined Statistical Area, which contain 7.7 million and 8.7 million people respectively. Before the arrival of the Spanish, the area around San Jose was inhabited by the Ohlone people, San Jose was founded on November 29,1777, as the Pueblo of San José de Guadalupe, the first civilian town founded in Spanish Alta California. When California gained statehood in 1850, San Jose became the states first capital, following World War II, San Jose experienced an economic boom, with a rapid population growth and aggressive annexation of nearby cities and communities carried out in the 1950s and 60s.
The rapid growth of the high-technology and electronics industries further accelerated the transition from a center to an urbanized metropolitan area. Results of the 1990 U. S. Census indicated that San Jose had officially surpassed San Francisco as the most populous city in Northern California, by the 1990s, San Jose and the rest of Silicon Valley had become the global center for the high tech and internet industries. San Jose is considered to be a city, notable for its affluence. San Joses location within the high tech industry, as a cultural, political. San Jose is one of the wealthiest major cities in the United States and the world, and has the third highest GDP per capita in the world, according to the Brookings Institute. Major global tech companies including Cisco Systems, eBay, Adobe Systems, PayPal, Samsung, Prior to European settlement, the area was inhabited by several groups of Ohlone Native Americans. The first lasting European presence began with a series of Franciscan missions established from 1769 by Junípero Serra, San Jose came under Mexican rule in 1821 after Mexico broke with the Spanish crown.
It became part of the United States, after it capitulated in 1846, on March 27,1850, San Jose became the second incorporated city in the state, with Josiah Belden its first mayor. San Jose was Californias first state capital, and hosted the first, today the Circle of Palms Plaza in downtown is the historical marker for the first state capital. The city was a station on the Butterfield Overland Mail route, in the period 1900 through 1910, San Jose served as a center for pioneering invention and impact in both lighter-than-air and heavier-than-air flight. These activities were led principally by John Montgomery and his peers, the City of San Jose has established Montgomery Park, a Monument at San Felipe and Yerba Buena Roads, and John J. Montgomery Elementary School in his honor
Simi Valley is a synclinal valley in Southern California in the United States. It is an enclosed or hidden valley surrounded by mountains and hills, Simi Valley borders the Santa Susana Mountains to the north and Simi Hills to the east and south. The valley covers an area of about 62 square miles in southern Ventura County, the Santa Clara River Valley occupies the northwestern corner of the valley. Mountainous terrain of South Mountain and Oak Ridge characterizes the northern, elevation within the quadrangle ranges from about 250 feet along the arroyo bottoms to over 2200 feet. Steep, highly dissected slopes form much of the boundary of the area, in the southeast, Little Simi Valley, drained by Arroyo Simi/Arroyo Las Posas, separates the southern flank of Oak Ridge from the Las Posas Hills. This relatively low-lying area is referred to as the Las Posas Valley. A network of streets and ranch and oilfield roads that traverse the area from U. S. Highway 101 and State Highways 118,23. The oldest geologic unit mapped in the Simi Valley quadrangle is the upper Eocene to lower Miocene Sespe Formation, the Sespe Formation consists of alluvial fan and floodplain deposits of interbedded pebble-cobble conglomerate, massive to thick-bedded sandstone, and thin-bedded siltstone and clay-stone.
Deep-marine strata of the upper Miocene Modelo Formation cover the Vaqueros Formation and Topanga Group along the crests and southern flanks of South Mountain and they occur as isolated outcrops in the Las Posas Hills. Locally, Modelo Formation consists of interbedded shale, claystone and siltstone with minor sandstone, chert. The most widely exposed rock units in the area are the Plio-Pleistocene marine and non-marine Pico, the Pico Formation consists of marine siltstone and silty shale with minor sandstone and pebbly sandstone. A local member of the Saugus Formation is exposed in the southwest corner of the map area, extensive surficial deposits are present in the Las Posas upland area in the southwest. These upper Pleistocene to Holocene sediments consist of older and younger alluvial fan and valley deposits, active alluvial fans, pleistocene- to Holocene-age landslide deposits are widespread throughout the Simi quadrangle, especially in the finer grained Tertiary sedimentary units where bedding planes are dip slopes.
In addition, massive slumps are present in the Sespe and Vaqueros Formations on anti-dip slopes and well data from the San Fernando Valley document evolution of that region from mid-Miocene rifting to north-south contraction. West of Simi Valley, the Simi fault has placed Miocene Conejo Volcanics over Plio-Pleistocene Saugus Formation rocks, in addition, trenching within faulted colluvial deposits in Tierra Rejada Valley has revealed evidence of multiple shears within Holocene deposits. The Simi Valley, The Geographical Journal,92, 527–536, doi,10. 2307/1788136, JSTOR1788136
Rail transport is a means of conveyance of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, known as tracks. It is referred to as train transport. In contrast to road transport, where vehicles run on a flat surface. Tracks usually consist of rails, installed on ties and ballast, on which the rolling stock, usually fitted with metal wheels. Other variations are possible, such as slab track, where the rails are fastened to a concrete foundation resting on a prepared subsurface. Rolling stock in a transport system generally encounters lower frictional resistance than road vehicles, so passenger. The operation is carried out by a company, providing transport between train stations or freight customer facilities. Power is provided by locomotives which either draw electric power from a railway system or produce their own power. Most tracks are accompanied by a signalling system, Railways are a safe land transport system when compared to other forms of transport. The oldest, man-hauled railways date back to the 6th century BC, with Periander, one of the Seven Sages of Greece, Rail transport blossomed after the British development of the steam locomotive as a viable source of power in the 19th centuries.
With steam engines, one could construct mainline railways, which were a key component of the Industrial Revolution, railways reduced the costs of shipping, and allowed for fewer lost goods, compared with water transport, which faced occasional sinking of ships. The change from canals to railways allowed for markets in which prices varied very little from city to city. In the 1880s, electrified trains were introduced, and the first tramways, starting during the 1940s, the non-electrified railways in most countries had their steam locomotives replaced by diesel-electric locomotives, with the process being almost complete by 2000. During the 1960s, electrified high-speed railway systems were introduced in Japan, other forms of guided ground transport outside the traditional railway definitions, such as monorail or maglev, have been tried but have seen limited use. The history of the growth and restoration to use of transport can be divided up into several discrete periods defined by the principal means of motive power used.
The earliest evidence of a railway was a 6-kilometre Diolkos wagonway, trucks pushed by slaves ran in grooves in limestone, which provided the track element. The Diolkos operated for over 600 years, Railways began reappearing in Europe after the Dark Ages. The earliest known record of a railway in Europe from this period is a window in the Minster of Freiburg im Breisgau in Germany
Los Angeles, officially the City of Los Angeles and often known by its initials L. A. is the cultural and commercial center of Southern California. With a census-estimated 2015 population of 3,971,883, it is the second-most populous city in the United States, Los Angeles is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the United States. The citys inhabitants are referred to as Angelenos, historically home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California. The city was founded on September 4,1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence, in 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, thereby becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4,1850, the discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city.
The completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, delivering water from Eastern California, nicknamed the City of Angels, Los Angeles is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity, and sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles has an economy in culture, fashion, sports, education, medicine. A global city, it has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index, the city is home to renowned institutions covering a broad range of professional and cultural fields, and is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States. The Los Angeles combined statistical area has a gross metropolitan product of $831 billion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Greater Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. The city has hosted the Summer Olympic Games in 1932 and 1984 and is bidding to host the 2024 Summer Olympics and thus become the second city after London to have hosted the Games three times. The Los Angeles area hosted the 1994 FIFA mens World Cup final match as well as the 1999 FIFA womens World Cup final match, the mens event was watched on television by over 700 million people worldwide.
The Los Angeles coastal area was first settled by the Tongva, a Gabrielino settlement in the area was called iyáangẚ, meaning poison oak place. Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2,1769, in 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. The Queen of the Angels is an honorific of the Virgin Mary, two-thirds of the settlers were mestizo or mulatto with a mixture of African and European ancestry. The settlement remained a small town for decades, but by 1820. Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street. New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, during Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta Californias regional capital
San Francisco Bay Area
The San Francisco Bay Area is a populous region surrounding the San Francisco and San Pablo estuaries in Northern California. The region encompasses the cities and metropolitan areas of San Jose, San Francisco. The Bay Areas nine counties are Alameda, Contra Costa, Napa, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara and Sonoma. The combined statistical area of the region is the second-largest in California, the fifth-largest in the United States, the Bay Area has the second-most Fortune 500 Companies in the United States, and is known for its natural beauty, liberal politics and diversity. The eastern side of the bay, consisting of Alameda and Contra Costa counties, is known locally as the East Bay, the inner East Bay is more densely populated, with generally older buildings, and a more ethnically diverse population. The word Lamorinda was coined by combining the names of the cities it includes, Moraga, walnut Creek is situated east of Lamorinda and north of the San Ramon Valley and, together with Concord and Pleasant Hill comprises Central Contra Costa County.
The cities of Antioch, Brentwood and the areas surrounding them comprise East Contra Costa County. The Tri-Valley consists of the Amador, the Livermore, and the San Ramon Valleys and Pleasanton comprise the Amador Valley, Livermore lies in the Livermore Valley, and the San Ramon Valley consists of Alamo, Danville and its namesake, San Ramon. The outer East Bay is connected to the inner East Bay by BART, Interstate 580 to the south, and State Routes State Route 4 to the north, the outer East Bays infrastructure was mostly built up after World War II. This area remains largely white demographically, although the Hispanic and Filipino populations have grown significantly over the past 2–3 decades, the region north of the Golden Gate Bridge is known locally as the North Bay. This area encompasses Marin County, Sonoma County, Napa County, the city of Fairfield, being part of Solano County, is often considered the easternmost city of the North Bay. With few exceptions, this region is affluent, Marin County is ranked as the wealthiest in the state.
The North Bay is relatively rural compared to the remainder of the Bay Area, with areas of undeveloped open space, farmland. Santa Rosa in Sonoma County is the North Bays largest city, with a population of 167,815 and a Metropolitan Statistical Area population of 466,891, making it the fifth-largest city in the Bay Area. The North Bay is the section of the Bay Area that is not currently served by a commuter rail service. The area from San Francisco to the Silicon Valley, geographically part of the San Francisco Peninsula, is known locally as The Peninsula, many of these families are of foreign background and have significantly contributed to the diversity of the area. Whereas the term peninsula technically refers to the entire geographical San Franciscan Peninsula, in local terms, San Francisco is surrounded by water on three sides, the north and west. The city squeezes roughly 870,000 people in under 47 square miles, on any given day, there can be as many as 1 million people in the city because of the commuting population and tourism