Cobbold Commission

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Report of the Commission of Enquiry, North Borneo and Sarawak, 1962
Created 17 January 1962
Ratified 21 June 1962
Location The National Archives,
Kew, Richmond,
Surrey TW9 4DU,
United Kingdom
Author(s) The Commission of Enquiry, North Borneo and Sarawak, 1961-1962
Signatories United Kingdom Lord Cobbold
Federation of Malaya Wong Pow Nee
Federation of Malaya Ghazali Shafie
United Kingdom Anthony Abell
United Kingdom David Watherston
Purpose The formation of Malaysia, 1961 - 1963

The Cobbold Commission, was a Commission of Enquiry set up to determine whether the people of North Borneo (now Sabah) and Sarawak supported the proposal to create the Federation of Malaysia consisting of Malaya, Brunei, Singapore, North Borneo, and Sarawak.[1][2] It was also responsible for the subsequent drafting of the Constitution of Malaysia prior to the formation of Malaysia on 16 September 1963,[3] the Commission was headed by former Bank of England governor, Lord Cobbold.

Members[edit]

The members.

Members of the Commission were:

Report[edit]

The Commission released its findings, report and recommendations on 1 August 1962, it concluded that the formation of Malaysia should be implemented. However, Lord Cobbold also stressed that all parties enter the federation as equal partners. Lord Cobbold concealed his personal secret letter to Mr Macmilliam on 21st June 1962 : " I have supported Malaysia in the report on the assumption that Singapore also joins in .... if Singapore were to drop out , a federation between Malaya and the Boreno Territories without Singapore would have few attractions ." [4]There were no referendum nor Majority from the people of Sabah and Sarawak agreeing to the Grand Design Malaysia, which was proposed in secret by Lee Kuan Yew to Tunku with the knowledge and support of the British [5] .

Lord Cobbold did not publish his secret letter in his report , such secrecy makes the report neither independent nor transparent . The concealment of such critical opinion tantamount to misrepresentation of the wishes of the people of Sabah and Sarawak, the motive of the Cobbold Report is to make the Grand Design of Malaysia appeared to be the wishes of the Borneo people , and not one arm twisted by the British . What Lord Cobbold did is concealing the true motive of the report .

Instead , The findings were summarised by Lord Cobbold as follows:

About one-third of the population of each territory strongly favours early realisation of Malaysia without too much concern about terms and conditions. Another third, many of them favourable to the Malaysia project, ask, with varying degrees of emphasis, for conditions and safeguards varying in nature and extent: the warmth of support among this category would be markedly influenced by a firm expression of opinion by Governments that the detailed arrangements eventually agreed upon are in the best interests of the territories, the remaining third is divided between those who insist on independence before Malaysia is considered and those who would strongly prefer to see British rule continue for some years to come. If the conditions and reservations which they have put forward could be substantially met, the second category referred to above would generally support the proposals. Moreover once a firm decision was taken quite a number of the third category would be likely to abandon their opposition and decide to make the best of a doubtful job. There will remain a hard core, vocal and politically active, which will oppose Malaysia on any terms unless it is preceded by independence and self-government: this hard core might amount to near 20 per cent of the population of Sarawak and somewhat less in North Borneo.

— Lord Cobbold, Cobbold Commission

Table of Content[edit]

COMPOSITION OF THE COMMISSION
TERM OF REFERENCE
INTRODUCTION
1. ENQUIRY IN SARAWAK
2. ENQUIRY IN NORTH BORNEO
3. ASSESSMENT OF EVIDENCE
4. Recommendations
A—Recommendations on certain general matters
B—Recommendations by Sir Anthony Abell and Sir David Watherston
C—Recommendations by Dato Wong Pow Nee and Enche Mohammed Ghazali bin Shafie
D—Summary of Recommendations in Sections B and C, and Comments, by the Chairman
5. OTHER MATTERS
6. THANKS AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
Appendices
A. Itinerary
B. Census Abstract
C. Cardinal Principles of the rule of the English Rajah
D. Legal Meaning of the Term "Native"
E. North Borneo and Sarawak Governments Papers on Malaysia
F. "Memorandum on Malaysia" Submitted by the Malaysia Solidarity Consultative Committee
Map of the Borneo Territories

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Malaysia and the non-fulfilment of two agreements with Sabah and Sarawak - Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah Archived September 29, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ The call for a review of the safeguards for Sabah and Sarawak and their status as equal partners to Malaya by Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah needs to be brought up in parliament.
  3. ^ "No.10760: Agreement relating to Malaysia" (PDF). United Nations Treaty Collection. United Nations. July 1963. Archived from the original (pdf) on 2011-05-14. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  4. ^ Pg 317 :The making of the Federation of Malaysia
  5. ^ Pg 218 :The making of the Federation of Malaysia

External links[edit]