Fairlie, New Zealand
Fairlie is a Mackenzie District service town located in the Canterbury region of the South Island of New Zealand. As of the 2013 census, the population was 717. From 1884 to 1968, the town was served by the Fairlie Branch railway, though until 1934, this branch line terminated a kilometre beyond Fairlie in Eversley. Fairlie is known as the gateway to the Mackenzie Basin, it was first known as Fairlie's Creek and named because it reminded early settlers of Fairlie in Scotland. Fairlie hosts Pastoral show every Easter Monday; the 105th annual show was in 2006. Being on the tourist highway between Christchurch and Queenstown, tourism is fast becoming a major industry within the town. Fairlie has three schools. Fairlie School is a state contributing primary school, it has 111 students as of August 2018. Mackenzie College is a state Year 7 to 13 secondary school, it has 185 students as of August 2018. Saint Joseph's School is a state-integrated Catholic full primary school, it has 46 students as of August 2018.
Media related to Fairlie, New Zealand at Wikimedia Commons
Hayley Dee Westenra is a New Zealand singer, classical crossover artist, UNICEF Ambassador. Her first internationally released album, reached No. 1 on the UK classical charts in 2003 and has sold more than two million copies worldwide. Pure is the fastest-selling international début classical album to date, having made Westenra an international star at age 16. In August 2006, she joined the Irish group Celtic Woman, was featured on their Celtic Woman: A New Journey CD and DVD, toured with them on their 2007 Spring Tour, was featured on their DVD, The Greatest Journey: Essential Collection, released in 2008. Westenra has produced five New Zealand number one studio albums, holding the title for the most number one records for any New Zealand act, a record shared with alternative rock band Shihad since the release of their 2014 album, FVEY. Across classical music to easy listening and pop style songs, Westenra has performed songs in English, Māori, Welsh, Italian, French, Latin, Standard Mandarin Chinese and Taiwanese Hokkien.
Westenra has performed for dignitaries all over the world. She is the second youngest UNICEF Ambassador to date and has contributed to charities around the globe. Hayley was born in New Zealand, her parents and Jill Westenra, have two other children and Isaac. Hayley's grandmother Shirley Ireland was a singer, her grandfather was a pianist who played the piano accordion, she has Irish and English heritage. She began performing at age six when she was cast in the lead singing role of "Little Star" in the Christmas play at her school, Fendalton Open Air School. After the show, a teacher who had watched the performance approached her parents to tell them that their daughter was "pitch perfect"; the teacher encouraged Hayley to learn. She began voice lessons and discovered a passion for musical theatre. By age 11, she had performed more than 40 times on stage, but was given male parts: "I got boy parts quite often. In ballet, there were not enough boys. So they ended up choosing half. I got chosen to wear the grey suit and the wig, not the pretty dresses.
In A Christmas Carol, I was Tiny Tim. There was a severe lack of singing boys and, at the time, it was quite disappointing." Westenra attended Cobham Intermediate School in 1998 and 1999, where a performing arts building was named in her honour. She won a talent quest in her first year at Burnside High School, which she attended from 2000 to 2003. At 12, Westenra entered a professional recording studio to record Walking in the Air, a demo album created for friends and family. At first, there were 70 copies made, all paid. Soon after, 1,000 more were cut for sale, hand-out, publicity. After finishing her album and her sister Sophie busked in Christchurch, giving away a few of the original 70 albums and selling some of the latter 1000; the pair drew large crowds, one woman asked the girls if they had recorded anything. The woman, a journalist with Canterbury Television, asked Westenra to appear on air. Gray Bartlett, the director of a concert promotion company, saw the show and became interested in working with Westenra.
Shortly after, she was offered a recording deal with Universal Records New Zealand. On that label, who in the meantime was attending Burnside High School, released a self-titled album of show tunes and light classical songs, as well as My Gift to You, a CD of Christmas music. Following the success of her albums, she was offered and received lessons from Dame Malvina Major. Westenra's albums were successful in New Zealand, but she was not well known worldwide until she signed a contract with Decca Records and recorded Pure, a CD of classical, light pop, traditional Māori songs. Decca's British president was impressed with her voice when they signed her to the label, saying that she was "captivated by the beauty and expressiveness of her voice." Pure enjoyed record success: it became the fastest-selling international debut album in the history of the UK classical chart, with 19,068 copies purchased in its first week alone reached No. 1 on the British charts, entered the UK Pop Chart at #8. Over two million copies of Pure have been sold to date.
In New Zealand, Pure has been certified 12 times platinum, making her the best-selling artist, regardless of genre, in the country's history. Pure's success ensured; some of her fame today can be directly attributed to the way. Although the traditional audience of classical crossover music is adult women, they promoted her music to children and teenagers. In 2004 Westenra recorded the end-title song for Disney's movie Mulan II, they featured her in the national Radio Disney music education tour for middle-school students. That year, she was featured in the song "Bridal Ballad" recorded for the movie The Merchant of Venice. Westenra was the 2004 Vodafone New Zealand Music Awards winner of "Highest Selling New Zealand Album" and "International Achievement Award". On 20 February 2004, Prime Minister Helen Clark awarded her for being the first New Zealand artist to receive the tenfold platinum status in the New Zealand market, where she held the number one artist position for 18 weeks, she has won two Japanese Grammies for her work.
Her version of Amazing Grace was used as the theme song for the popular Japanese drama, Shiroi Kyoto (The White T
Christchurch South Intermediate
Christchurch South Intermediate School is a school catering for students in Years 7 and 8 in Christchurch, New Zealand. Established in 1939, it is the second oldest intermediate school in the South Island and the third oldest in New Zealand; the school is located between the suburbs of Addington and Cashmere on what was the site of an old dairy farm and racing stables. It replaced the intermediate department of the Christchurch West High School in the 1930s. In 2012 work was completed replacing the old classrooms, which were built in 1939; these have been replaced with 4'pods' consisting of 4 modern classrooms. Bob Parker, broadcaster and the past Mayor of Christchurch, New Zealand
Sir John Phillip Key is a former New Zealand politician who served as the 38th Prime Minister of New Zealand and Leader of the New Zealand National Party. He was elected leader of the party in November 2006 and appointed Prime Minister in November 2008, resigning from both posts in December 2016. After leaving politics, Key was appointed to board of director and chairmanship roles in New Zealand corporations. Born in Auckland before moving to Christchurch when he was a child, Key attended the University of Canterbury and graduated in 1981 with a bachelor of commerce, he began a career in the foreign exchange market in New Zealand before moving overseas to work for Merrill Lynch, in which he became head of global foreign exchange in 1995, a position he would hold for six years. In 1999 he was appointed a member of the Foreign Exchange Committee of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York until leaving in 2001. Key entered the New Zealand Parliament representing the Auckland electorate of Helensville as one of the few new National members of parliament in the election of 2002 following National's significant defeat of that year.
In 2004, he was appointed Finance Spokesman for National and succeeded Don Brash as the National Party leader in 2006. After two years as Leader of the Opposition, Key led his party to victory at the November 2008 general election, he was subsequently sworn in as Prime Minister on 19 November 2008. The National government went on to win two more general elections under his leadership: in November 2011 and September 2014. Key was expected to contest for a fourth term of office at the 2017 general election, but on 5 December 2016 he resigned as Prime Minister and leader of the National Party, he was succeeded by Bill English on 12 December 2016. As Prime Minister, Key led the Fifth National Government of New Zealand which entered government at the beginning of the late-2000s recession in 2008. In his first term, Key's government implemented a GST rise and personal tax cuts. In February 2011, a major earthquake in Christchurch, the nation's second largest city affected the national economy and the government formed the Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority in response.
In its second term, Key's government implemented a policy of partial privatisation of five state-owned enterprises, while voters in a citizens-initiated referendum on the issue were 2 to 1 opposed to the policy. In foreign policy, Key withdrew New Zealand Defence Force personnel from their deployment in the war in Afghanistan, signed the Wellington Declaration with the United States and pushed for more nations to join the Trans-Pacific Partnership. Key was born in Auckland, New Zealand, to George Key and Ruth Key, on 9 August 1961, his father was an English immigrant and a veteran of the Spanish Civil War and World War II. Key and his two sisters were raised in a state house in the Christchurch suburb of Bryndwr, by his mother, an Austrian Jewish immigrant. Key is the third prime minister or premier of New Zealand to have Jewish ancestry, after Julius Vogel and Francis Bell, he attended Aorangi School, Burnside High School from 1975 to 1979, where he met his wife, Bronagh. He went on to attend the University of Canterbury and earned a Bachelor of Commerce degree in Accounting in 1981.
He attended management studies courses at Harvard University. Key's first job was in 1982, as an auditor at McCulloch Menzies, he moved to be a project manager at Christchurch-based clothing manufacturer Lane Walker Rudkin for two years. Key began working as a foreign exchange dealer at Elders Finance in Wellington, rose to the position of head foreign exchange trader two years then moved to Auckland-based Bankers Trust in 1988. In 1995, he joined Merrill Lynch as head of Asian foreign exchange in Singapore; that same year he was promoted to Merrill's global head of foreign exchange, based in London, where he may have earned around US$2.25 million a year including bonuses, about NZ$5 million at 2001 exchange rates. Some co-workers called him "the smiling assassin" for maintaining his usual cheerfulness while sacking dozens of staff after heavy losses from the 1998 Russian financial crisis, he was a member of the Foreign Exchange Committee of the New York Federal Reserve Bank from 1999 to 2001.
In 1998, on learning of his interest in pursuing a political career, the National Party president John Slater began working to recruit him. Former party leader Jenny Shipley describes him as one of the people she "deliberately sought out and put my head on the line–either or publicly–to get them in there". Auckland's population growth led to the formation for the 2002 general election of a new electorate called Helensville, which covered the north-western corner of the Auckland urban area. Key beat long-serving National MP Brian Neeson for the National Party Helensville selection. At the 2002 general election Key won the seat with a majority of 1,705, ahead of Labour's Gary Russell, with Neeson, now standing as an independent, coming third; the National Party was defeated in the 2002 election, receiving only 20.9% of the party vote – the party's worst-ever election result. Following the fallout a leadership coup against the incumbent Bill English was launched by Don Brash, another of the 2002 recruits, in October 2003.
English and his supporters offered Key the finance spokesman position for his vote and were confident they had the numbers with him on their side. Brash narrowly won 14 votes to 12 and at the time it was thought Key had changed his support to Brash; the votes were confidential, although Key stated that he did vote for English. Key won re-election at the
Cashmere High School
Cashmere High School is a state coeducational secondary school, located in southern Christchurch, New Zealand. It was opened in 1956 in response to population growth in southern Christchurch during the 1950s; the school is located in the suburb of Cashmere, New Zealand, on the northern bank of the Heathcote River overlooked by the Cashmere Hills. Serving Years 9 to 13, Cashmere has a roll of 2088 students as of August 2018, making it the third-largest school in Christchurch; the school opened at the beginning of the 1956 school year with 198 students under founding headmaster Terry McCombs, a former Member of the New Zealand House of Representatives who had served as Minister of Education from 1947 to 1949. McCombs served seventeen years as headmaster before retiring at the end of the 1972 school year. In the late 1980s, state school administration across New Zealand was reformed by the Fourth Labour Government in what was known as the "Tomorrow's Schools" reforms. From 1989, Cashmere was no longer under the governance of the Canterbury Education Board, abolished, but under the self-governance of a Board of Trustees elected by the school community.
The current principal, Mark Wilson, replaced Dave Turnbull in July 2009. Cashmere suffered moderate damage in 22 February 2011 Christchurch earthquake from liquefaction. On the day, the school had closed for instruction for the day at 12:00 pm due to the Post Primary Teachers' Association, the main secondary school teachers' trade union, holding a paid union meeting that afternoon, meaning few students and staff were on site when the quake struck at 12:51 pm; the school reopened on 14 March after the school buildings were inspected and deemed safe, essential repairs and temporary fixes had been carried out. In the aftermath of the earthquake, the school played host to Linwood College in a site sharing agreement while Linwood's damaged facilities were inspected and repaired. Cashmere used the site in the morning, while Linwood used the site in the afternoon for five months, until Linwood College moved back to its original site on 1 August. Cashmere operates an enrolment scheme to prevent overcrowding.
The school's home zone, in which students residing are automatically entitled to be enrolled without rejection, covers the southern suburbs of Christchurch as well as the settlements around the western and southern shores of Lyttelton Harbour. Suburbs and towns within the zone include Beckenham, Huntsbury, Murray Aynsley, Saint Martins, Spreydon and Westmorland. Students residing outside the zone are accepted as roll places allow per the enrolment scheme order of preference and secret ballot. At the October 2013 Education Review Office review, Cashmere had 1666 students enrolled, including 46 international students. There was an number of male and female students. Seventy-five percent of students identified as New Zealand European, nine percent as Māori, three percent each as Asian, Pacific Islanders, ten percent as another ethnicity. Cashmere High School operates a regular timetable with five 55-minute teaching periods per day, except on Wednesdays where teaching periods are only 50 minutes each.
In Year 9, Mathematics, Social Studies, Physical Education and Health are compulsory and are studied for the whole year, while students rotate through four Technology subjects: Design Technologies, Graphic Communication and Electronics and Control, Food Technology, studying one of them per school term. Students choose two Arts options out of Visual Art and Music to study for two terms each, a Foreign Language option out of French, Japanese, Te Reo Māori and Spanish. There are no optional subjects. In Year 10, Mathematics, Social Studies, Physical Education and Health remain compulsory subjects. Students elect between two and four optional subjects to fill the two remaining subject lines on their timetable – either two full-year subjects, a full-year and two half-year subjects, or four half-year subjects. In Years 11 to 13, students complete the National Certificate of Educational Achievement, the main secondary school qualification in New Zealand. Levels 1, 2 and 3 of NCEA are completed in years 11, 12 and 13 although students can choose subjects from different levels depending on their progress through the NCEA level system.
Students study six subjects per year, with English being compulsory in Years 11 and 12, Mathematics and Science being compulsory in Year 11. In 2013, 91.4 percent of students leaving Cashmere High held at least NCEA Level 1, 79.6 percent held at least NCEA Level 2, 54.0 percent held at least University Entrance. This compares nationally to 85.2%, 74.2%, 49.0% respectively. The school has a Conductive education unit, which opened in 2002, caters for up to 20 secondary school-aged students. Cashmere has six school houses into which students are grouped, each is named after a notable New Zealander. Ben Campbell – member of the band "Zed" and Atlas Greg Draper – football player Guyon Espiner – TV personality and political editor for TVNZ Stephen Fleming – cricketer Alex Frame – track cyclist Mike Gilchrist – runner that represented NZ at Commonwealth games in 1986 Nathan King – member of the band "Zed" Steve McCabe – songwriter / musician notable for work with The Axemen in Christchurch and solo and collective work elsewhere in New Zealand and across the world.
Adrian Palmer – member of the band "Zed" Bob Parker – Mayor of Christchurch Bic Runga – singer Ethan Rus
The South Island officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean; the South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres. It has a temperate climate, it has a 32 percent larger landmass than the North Island, as a result is nicknamed the "mainland" of New Zealand by South Island residents, but only 23 percent of New Zealand's 4.9 million inhabitants live there. In the early stages of European settlement of the country, the South Island had the majority of the European population and wealth due to the 1860s gold rushes; the North Island population overtook the South in the early 20th century, with 56 percent of the population living in the North in 1911, the drift north of people and businesses continued throughout the century. In the 19th century, some maps named the South Island as Middle Island or New Munster, the name South Island or New Leinster was used for today's Stewart Island/Rakiura.
In 1907 the Minister for Lands gave instructions to the Land and Survey Department that the name Middle Island was not to be used in future. "South Island will be adhered to in all cases". Although the island had been known as the South Island for many years, in 2009 the New Zealand Geographic Board found that, along with the North Island, the South Island had no official name. After a public consultation, the board named the island South Island or Te Waipounamu in October 2013. Said to mean "the Water of Greenstone", this name evolved from Te Wāhi Pounamu "the Place Of Greenstone"; the island is known as Te Waka a Māui which means "Māui's Canoe". In some Māori legends, the South Island existed first, as the boat of Maui, while the North Island was the fish that he caught. In prose, the two main islands of New Zealand are called the North Island and the South Island, with the definite article, it is normal to use the preposition in rather than on, for example "Christchurch is in the South Island", "my mother lives in the South Island".
Maps, headings and adjectival expressions use South Island without "the". Charcoal drawings can be found on limestone rock shelters in the centre of the South Island, with over 500 sites stretching from Kaikoura to North Otago; the drawings are estimated to be between 500 and 800 years old, portray animals and fantastic creatures stylised reptiles. Some of the birds pictured are long extinct, including Haast's eagles, they were drawn by early Māori, but by the time Europeans arrived, local Māori did not know the origins of the drawings. Early inhabitants of the South Island were the Waitaha, they were absorbed via marriage and conquest by the Kāti Māmoe in the 16th century. Kāti Māmoe were in turn absorbed via marriage and conquest by the Kāi Tahu who migrated south in the 17th century. While today there is no distinct Kāti Māmoe organisation, many Kāi Tahu have Kāti Māmoe links in their whakapapa and in the far south of the island. Around the same time a group of Māori migrated to Rekohu, where, in adapting to the local climate and the availability of resources, they evolved into a separate people known as the Moriori with its own distinct language — related to the parent culture and language in mainland New Zealand.
One notable feature of the Moriori culture, an emphasis on pacifism, proved disadvantageous when Māori warriors arrived in the 1830s aboard a chartered European ship. In the early 18th century, Kāi Tahu, a Māori tribe who originated on the east coast of the North Island, began migrating to the northern part of the South Island. There they and Kāti Māmoe fought Ngāi Rangitāne in the Wairau Valley. Ngāti Māmoe ceded the east coast regions north of the Clarence River to Kāi Tahu. Kāi Tahu continued conquering Kaikoura. By the 1730s, Kāi Tahu had settled including Banks Peninsula. From there they spread further south and into the West Coast. In 1827-1828 Ngāti Toa under the leadership of Te Rauparaha attacked Kāi Tahu at Kaikoura. Ngāti Toa visited Kaiapoi, ostensibly to trade; when they attacked their hosts, the well-prepared Kāi Tahu killed all the leading Ngāti Toa chiefs except Te Rauparaha. Te Rauparaha returned to his Kapiti Island stronghold. In November 1830 Te Rauparaha persuaded Captain John Stewart of the brig Elizabeth to carry him and his warriors in secret to Akaroa, where by subterfuge they captured the leading Kāi Tahu chief, Te Maiharanui, his wife and daughter.
After destroying Te Maiharanui's village they killed them. John Stewart, though arrested and sent to trial in Sydney as an accomplice to murder escaped conviction. In the summer of 1831–32 Te Rauparaha attacked the Kaiapoi pā. Kaiapoi was engaged in a three-month siege by Te Rauparaha, during which his men sapped the pā, they attacked Kāi Tahu on Banks Peninsula and took the pā at Onawe. In 1832-33 Kāi Tahu retaliated under the leadership of Tūhawaiki and others, attacking Ngāti Toa at Lake Grassmere. Kāi Tahu prevailed, killed many Ngāti Toa, although Te Rauparaha again escaped. Fighting continued with Kāi Tahu maintaining the upper hand. Ngāti Toa never again made a major incursion into Kāi Tahu territory. By 1839 Kāi Tahu and Ngāti Toa established peace and Te Rauparaha released the Kāi Tahu captives he held. Formal marriages between the leading families in the two tribes sealed the peace; the first Europeans known to reach the South Island were the crew o
In New Zealand, a state-integrated school is a former private school which has integrated into the state education system under the Private Schools Conditional Integration Act 1975, becoming a state school while retaining its special character. State-integrated schools were established by the Third Labour Government in the early 1970s as a response to the near-collapse of the country's private Catholic school system, which had run into financial difficulties; as of July 2016, there were 329 state-integrated schools in New Zealand, of which 237 identify as Roman Catholic. They educate 87,500 students, or 11.5% of New Zealand's student population, making them the second-most common type of school in New Zealand behind non-integrated state schools. New Zealand's state education system was established in 1877. Prior to schools were run by church groups and other private groups. From 1852 until provinces were abolished in 1876, all schools were entitled to receive some financial assistance from provincial governments.
Under the Education Act 1877, education became compulsory for all children between 7 and 13 years of age and gave all children between 5 and 15 years of age the entitlement to a free and secular education in a state-run school. The secular-education requirement arose from a deadlock between secularist and Protestant MPs over how much and what type of religious influence should be included in state schools. MPs opted for the safest route by making state education secular; as a result, both Catholic and Protestant churches set up their own private school systems. After the Second World War, private religious schools had to cope with increasing rolls due to changes in the compulsory school starting and leaving ages and the post-war baby boom. In addition, private schools had to keep pace with the drive for higher-quality facilities and smaller class sizes in the state sector, while dealing with a teacher shortage and the increasing cost of land and salaries; the Catholic school system, in particular, had to hire more lay teachers to cope with student numbers – the proportion of lay teachers in the Catholic system increased from 5 percent in 1956 to 38 percent in 1972 – and more lay teachers meant higher salary costs.
Catholic parishes were struggling to meet the increasing costs while keeping tuition fees down, many of them accrued large amounts of debt or cut costs, causing schools to be run down. By the end of the 1960s, the Catholic school system was facing a financial crisis and was on the brink of collapse. In November 1972, the Labour Party was elected to government, Prime Minister Norman Kirk sought a solution to the Catholic school funding crisis; the government determined the state school system would not be able to cope with an influx of students if the Catholic system were to collapse, so sought a way for the state to assist them to keep them open. The idea of integrating private schools into the state system has been credited to MP Jonathan Hunt, after consultation, the Private Schools Conditional Integration Act was drawn up; the Act was passed by Parliament and signed into law on 10 October 1975, came into force on 16 August 1976. The first private school to integrate was Wesley College, Pukekohe, in 1977.
The first two Catholic schools to integrate were Cardinal McKeefry School and St Bernard's School, both in Wellington, in August 1979. Despite the increasing urgency, it took until 1984 to integrate every Catholic school. State-integrated schools are established through an integration agreement between the Crown and the proprietors of the private school to be integrated; each integration agreement sets out the school's particular special character, a religious or philosophical belief. Of the 331 state-integrated schools, 238 are Catholic schools, with the local Catholic diocese or religious institute acting as proprietor; the special characters of the remaining 93 schools include Anglican, non-denominational Christian and Waldorf. Proprietors retain ownership of the school land and buildings, representatives of the proprietors sit as trustees on the school's board of trustees; the main role of the proprietors is to ensure that the special character of the school is maintained and preserved, have the authority to address problems if the special character is being compromised.
With several major exceptions relating to their special characters and their proprietors, state-integrated schools are required to operate like their non-integrated counterparts. This includes complying with all National Education Goals and National Administration Guidelines set by the government, having to employ registered teaching staff, complying with the nationally-set school year. State-integrated schools must follow the nationally-set curriculum, but they may teach their special character within it. State-integrated schools that have a religious special character are exempt from the religious instruction restrictions of state schools, may hold religious education classes and religious services while the school is open for instruction. At some state-integrated secondary schools, religious studies is offered as a subject contributing to the National Certificate of Educational Achievement, New Zealand's main secondary school qualification. State-integrated schools are permitted to give preference in enrolment to students who, either themselves or through their parents, identify with the school's special character.
Each proprietor defines what is required for preferen