The Tragically Hip
They have released 14 studio albums, two live albums,1 EP, and 54 singles. Nine of their albums have reached No.1 in Canada and they have received numerous Canadian Music awards, including 14 Juno Awards. Following Downies diagnosis with terminal cancer in 2016, the band undertook a tour of Canada in support of their thirteenth album Man Machine Poem. The Tragically Hip formed in 1983 in Kingston, Gord Sinclair and Rob Baker were students at Kingston Collegiate and had performed together at the KCVI Variety Show as The Rodents. Baker and Sinclair joined with Downie and Fay in 1984 and began playing gigs around Kingston with some memorable stints at a Queens University pub called Alfies, guitarist Paul Langlois joined in 1986, saxophonist Davis Manning left that same year. They took their name from a skit in the Michael Nesmith movie Elephant Parts, by the mid-1980s they performed in small music venues across Ontario until being seen by then-MCA President Bruce Dickinson at the Horseshoe Tavern in Toronto.
They were signed to a record deal with MCA. The album produced two singles, Small Town Bring-Down and Highway Girl and they followed up with 1989s Up to Here. This album produced four singles, Blow at High Dough, New Orleans Is Sinking, Boots or Hearts, all four of these songs found extensive rotation on modern rock radio play lists in Canada. Road Apples followed in 1991, producing three singles and reaching No.1 on Canadian record charts, during the Road Apples tour, Downie became recognized for ranting and telling fictional stories during songs such as Highway Girl and New Orleans is Sinking. The sound on these first two albums is sometimes characterized as blues-tinged, although there are definite acoustic punctuations throughout both discs. The Hip released another album, Fully Completely in 1992, which produced the singles Locked in the Trunk of a Car, Courage and At the Hundredth Meridian, the sound on this album displayed less of a blues influence than previous albums. The Hip created and headlined the first Another Roadside Attraction tour at this time, many songs from Day For Night were first performed prior to their release during the 1993 Another Roadside Attraction Tour.
Day for Night was released in 1994, producing six singles, including Nautical Disaster and Grace, Too. Trouble at the Henhouse followed in 1996, producing five singles, including Ahead by a Century and Butts Wigglin, which would appear on the soundtrack to the Kids in the Hall movie Brain Candy. Live Between Us, was recorded on the subsequent tour at Cobo Arena in Detroit, Michigan The band developed a sound and ethos. Downies vocal style changed while the band experimented with song structures, songs explored the themes of Canadian geography and history and land, all motifs that became heavily associated with the Hip. While Fully Completely began an exploration of themes, many critics consider Day for Night to be the Hips artistry most fully realized
Anthrax (American band)
Anthrax is an American thrash metal band from New York City, formed in 1981 by guitarist Scott Ian and bassist Dan Lilker. The group was considered one of the leaders of the metal scene during the 1980s. Of the Big Four thrash metal bands, Anthrax were the band from the East Coast. As of 2016, the band has released 11 studio albums, several other albums, according to Nielsen SoundScan, Anthrax sold 2.5 million records in the United States from 1991 to 2004, with worldwide sales of 10 million. Noted for its performances, Anthrax signed with the independent label Megaforce Records. Lilker soon left the band to form Nuclear Assault, and was replaced by roadie Frank Bello, vocalist Neil Turbin was replaced after two years by Matt Fallon who was subsequently replaced in 1984 by Joey Belladonna. With a new lineup, the band recorded Spreading the Disease in 1985, Anthraxs third album, Among the Living, was released in 1987 to critical praise. The band experienced another change in 1992, when John Bush from Armored Saint replaced Belladonna as lead vocalist.
Sound of White Noise was released the year, peaking at number seven on the Billboard 200. Studio recordings during the 1990s saw the band, influenced by other genres, Anthraxs lineup has changed several times over their career. The band has had a number of vocalists including Neil Turbin, Joey Belladonna, Dan Nelson, founding member Scott Ian and early arrival Charlie Benante, who joined Anthrax in 1983, are the only band members to appear on every album. Bassist Frank Bello has played on album, except for the bands debut Fistful of Metal. In 2010, Joey Belladonna returned to Anthrax and has recorded two more studio albums with the band, Worship Music and For All Kings. Anthrax was formed in Queens, New York City, on July 18,1981 by guitarists Scott Ian and Dan Lilker, the band was named after the disease of the same name which Ian saw in a biology textbook. The name was chosen because it sounded sufficiently evil, Anthraxs initial line-up was completed by singer John Connelly, drummer Dave Weiss and bassist Paul Kahn.
Kahn was briefly replaced by bassist Kenny Kushner before Lilker took over on bass, Weiss was replaced early on by Greg DAngelo, who was recommended to the band by Greg Walls. Scott Ians younger brother Jason Rosenfeld was a temporary vocalist until Ians former schoolmate Neil Turbin joined the band in late August 1982, the band recorded its first demo tape during this time. The bands first performance with Neil Turbin was at Great Gildersleeves and this line-up played regularly in the New York-New Jersey area over the next several months
North American International Auto Show
The North American International Auto Show is an annual auto show held in Detroit, Michigan at Cobo Center, usually in January. It is among the largest auto shows in North America, in 1899, William E. Metzger helped organize the Detroit Auto Show, only the second of its kind. The next year, he helped stage the New York Auto Show in New Yorks Madison Square Garden, an auto show was held in Detroit in 1907 at Bellers Beer Garden at Riverside Park and since annually except 1941-1953. During the shows first decades of existence it portrayed only a regional focus, in 1957 international carmakers exhibited for the first time. In 1987 the Detroit Auto Dealers Association proposed it become international and that attempt proved to be successful, the North American Auto show was renamed the North American International Auto Show in 1989. The North American International Auto Show has been hosted in Detroit, since 1965 the show has been held at Cobo Center where it occupies nearly 1 million square feet of floor space.
The show is important because the Metro Detroit area is the location of the headquarters of the Big Three American automakers, Ford. Prior to being held at the Cobo Center, the show was held at other well known places in the Metro Detroit area, some of those places include the Light Guard Armory, Wayne Gardens pavilion, and Michigan State Fairgrounds. The show begins with press days, industry preview days. The charity preview raises money for childrens charities. In 2004 and 2005, the charity preview attracted 17,500 people at $400 a ticket,2006 was the sixth consecutive year the charity preview event raised over $6 million. 35,711 tickets were sold for the industry preview representing people from 24 countries in 2005 and 6,897 credentialed press from 63 countries, over 800,000 attended during the days the show was open to the general public in 2004. It is estimated that the show generates a revenue of over $500 million to the local economy, the NAIAS is the one of only a few auto shows in the United States sanctioned by the Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs dAutomobiles.
The 2017 show ran from January 9 to January 22, automobili-D, a exposition dedicated to automotive autonomy and mobility, ran in conjunction with the show from January 8–12. This was the first year Truck and Utility were awarded separately, BMW M6 GT32018 Toyota Camry The 2016 show ran from January 11 to January 24. The 2015 show ran from January 12 to January 25, the show opened on January 11, with press previews and introductions for the first two days
James Marshall Jimi Hendrix was an American rock guitarist and songwriter. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame describes him as arguably the greatest instrumentalist in the history of rock music, born in Seattle, Hendrix began playing guitar at the age of 15. In 1961, he enlisted in the U. S. Army and trained as a paratrooper in the 101st Airborne Division, within months, Hendrix had earned three UK top ten hits with the Jimi Hendrix Experience, Hey Joe, Purple Haze, and The Wind Cries Mary. Hendrix was inspired musically by American rock and roll and electric blues and he favored overdriven amplifiers with high volume and gain, and was instrumental in utilizing the previously undesirable sounds caused by guitar amplifier feedback. He helped to popularize the use of a pedal in mainstream rock. Holly George-Warren of Rolling Stone commented, Hendrix pioneered the use of the instrument as a sound source. Hendrix was the recipient of several awards during his lifetime. In 1967, readers of Melody Maker voted him the Pop Musician of the Year and Music Echo honored him with the World Top Musician of 1969 and in 1970, Guitar Player named him the Rock Guitarist of the Year.
The Jimi Hendrix Experience was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1992, Jimi Hendrix was of African American descent. Both his mother Lucille and father Al were African Americans and his paternal grandmother, Zenora Nora Rose Moore, was African American and one-quarter Cherokee. On June 10,1919, Hendrix and Moore had a son they named James Allen Ross Hendrix, in 1941, Al met Lucille Jeter at a dance in Seattle, they married on March 31,1942. Al, who had been drafted by the U. S. Army to serve in World War II, Johnny Allen Hendrix was born on November 27,1942, in Seattle, he was the first of Lucilles five children. In 1946, Johnnys parents changed his name to James Marshall Hendrix, in honor of Al and he spent two months locked up without trial, and while in the stockade received a telegram announcing his sons birth. During Als three-year absence, Lucille struggled to raise their son, when Al was away, Hendrix was mostly cared for by family members and friends, especially Lucilles sister Delores Hall and her friend Dorothy Harding.
Al received a discharge from the U. S. Army on September 1,1945. After returning from service, Al reunited with Lucille, but his inability to find steady work left the family impoverished and they both struggled with alcohol, and often fought when intoxicated. The violence sometimes drove Hendrix to withdraw and hide in a closet in their home and his relationship with his brother Leon was close but precarious, with Leon in and out of foster care, they lived with an almost constant threat of fraternal separation. In addition to Leon, Hendrix had three siblings, born in 1949, Kathy in 1950, and Pamela,1951, all of whom Al and Lucille gave up to foster care
The Who are an English rock band that formed in 1964. Their classic line-up consisted of lead singer Roger Daltrey and singer Pete Townshend, bass guitarist John Entwistle, and drummer Keith Moon. They are considered one of the most influential bands of the 20th century, selling over 100 million records worldwide and holding a reputation for their live shows. The Who developed from a group, the Detours, and established themselves as part of the pop art and mod movements, featuring auto-destructive art by destroying guitars. Their first single as the Who, I Cant Explain, reached the UK top ten, followed by a string of singles including My Generation and Happy Jack. In 1967, they performed at the Monterey Pop Festival and released the US top ten single I Can See for Miles, the groups fourth album, 1969s rock opera Tommy, included the single Pinball Wizard and was a critical and commercial success. Live appearances at Woodstock and the Isle of Wight Festival, along with the live album Live at Leeds, with their success came increased pressure on lead songwriter and visionary Townshend, and the follow-up to Tommy, was abandoned.
Songs from the project made up 1971s Whos Next, which included the hit Wont Get Fooled Again, the group released the album Quadrophenia in 1973 as a celebration of their mod roots, and oversaw the film adaptation of Tommy in 1975. They continued to tour to large audiences before semi-retiring from live performances at the end of 1976, the release of Who Are You in 1978 was overshadowed by the death of Moon shortly after. Kenney Jones replaced Moon and the group resumed activity, releasing a film adaptation of Quadrophenia, after Townshend became weary of touring, the group split in 1982. The Who occasionally re-formed for live appearances such as Live Aid in 1985, a 25th anniversary tour in 1989 and they resumed regular touring in 1999, with drummer Zak Starkey. After Entwistles death in 2002, plans for a new album were delayed and Daltrey continued as the Who, releasing Endless Wire in 2006, and continued to play live regularly. They are cited as an influence by rock, punk rock and mod bands.
The founding members of the Who, Roger Daltrey, Pete Townshend and John Entwistle, grew up in Acton and went to Acton County Grammar School. Townshend and Entwistle became friends in their year of Acton County. Both were interested in rock, and Townshend particularly admired Cliff Richards début single, Entwistle moved to guitar, but struggled with it due to his large fingers, and moved to bass on hearing the guitar work of Duane Eddy. He was unable to afford a bass and built one at home, after Acton County, Townshend attended Ealing Art College, a move he described as profoundly influential on the course of the Who. Daltrey, who was in the year above, had moved to Acton from Shepherds Bush and he had trouble fitting in at the school, and discovered gangs and rock and roll
Joe Louis Arena
Joe Louis Arena is a multi-purpose arena located in Detroit, Michigan. It is the home of the Detroit Red Wings of the National Hockey League, completed in 1979 at a cost of $57 million, the venue is named after former heavyweight champion boxer Joe Louis, who grew up in Detroit. Only one other NHL arena, Madison Square Garden, is without a corporate sponsorship name, the second oldest NHL venue after Madison Square Garden, Joe Louis Arena is owned by the city of Detroit, and operated by Olympia Entertainment, a subsidiary of Ilitch Holdings. Built as a replacement for the Detroit Olympia, it sits adjacent to Cobo Center on the bank of the Detroit River and is accessible via the Joe Louis Arena station on the Detroit People Mover. Joe Louis Arena replaced the Detroit Olympia, where the Detroit Red Wings had played since 1927, the neighborhood around the Olympia had gradually deteriorated, especially after the 1967 Detroit riot. After two murders took place near the Olympia, Red Wings owner Bruce Norris seriously considered moving to an arena in suburban Pontiac.
However, the city of Detroit countered with a proposal for a new riverfront arena at one-third of the rent Pontiac was offering, the package gave the Red Wings operational control of both the arena, nearby Cobo Arena and nearby lots. The arena hosted its first event on December 12,1979, the Red Wings played their first game at Joe Louis Arena on December 27,1979, hosting the St. Louis Blues. Later that first season it hosted the 32nd NHL All-Star Game on February 5,1980, Joe Louis Arena was the site of the 1987 NHL Entry Draft, which marked the first NHL Entry Draft to be held in the United States. In 1980, the hosted the Republican National Convention where Ronald Reagan was nominated as the Republican candidate for President of the United States. In 2006, LED video screens replaced the JumboTrons, the screens debuted November 22,2006, when the Red Wings played the Vancouver Canucks. That same day, the arenas West Entrance was named the Gordie Howe Entrance in honor of the legendary Red Wing player, Joe Louis Arena currently houses 86 premium suites.
In 2008, the introduced the Comerica Bank Legends Club. Joe Louis Arena will be demolished following the completion of the new arena, the Red Wings final game in Joe Louis Arena is scheduled for April 9,2017 against the New Jersey Devils. In 1995, the Detroit Junior Red Wings won the Ontario Hockey Leagues J. Ross Robertson Cup, Joe Louis Arena hosts college hockey events as part of College Hockey at The Joe, the Great Lakes Invitational, and the Big Ten Conference hockey tournament in 2015 and 2017. The Detroit Pistons of the NBA used the arena for Game 5 of their 1984 playoff series against the New York Knicks when the Pontiac Silverdome was unavailable due to a scheduling conflict. In the game, Pistons star Isiah Thomas scored 16 points in the final 1,34 of regulation to send the game into overtime before the Pistons lost. The Pistons were forced to return to Joe Louis Arena for 15 games during the 1984–85 season, the Detroit Red Wings of the NHL hosted the Stanley Cup Finals at the arena six times,1995,1997,1998,2002,2008, and 2009
The Renaissance Center is a group of seven interconnected skyscrapers in Downtown Detroit, United States. Located on the International Riverfront, the Renaissance Center complex is owned by General Motors as its world headquarters. The central tower, the Detroit Marriott at the Renaissance Center, is the second tallest all-hotel skyscraper in the Western Hemisphere and it has been the tallest building in Michigan since it was erected in 1977. John Portman was the architect for the original design. The first phase consisted of a five tower rosette rising from a common base, four 39-story office towers surround the 73-story hotel rising from a square-shaped podium which includes a shopping center, brokerage firms, and banks. The first phase opened in March 1977. Portmans design brought renewed attention to city architecture, since it resulted in construction of the worlds tallest hotel at the time, two additional 21-story office towers opened in 1981. This type of complex has been termed a city within a city, in 2004, General Motors completed a US$500 million renovation of the Class-A center as its world headquarters, which it had purchased in 1996.
The renovation included the addition of the five-story Wintergarden atrium, which access to the International Riverfront. Architects for the renovation included Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, SmithGroup, work continued in and around the complex until 2005. Renaissance Center totals 5,552,000 square feet making it one of the worlds largest commercial complexes, in July 2015, the General Motors Renaissance Center re-branded itself as The GMRENCEN. The logo was modernized and Reflecting a New Detroit was introduced as the new tagline, a photo-journalistic advertising campaign launched to shine a spotlight on the people in Detroit who make remarkable contributions to the city. Conceived by Henry Ford II and financed primarily by the Ford Motor Company, the project was intended to revitalize the economy of Detroit. In its first year of operation it generated over $1 billion in growth for the downtown. The group announced the first phase of construction in 1971, in addition, Detroit Renaissance contributed to a variety of other projects within the downtown area in the ensuing decades.
Henry Ford II sold the concept of the RenCen to the City and community leaders, the city within a city arose. The first phase of Renaissance Center opened on July 1,1976, for phase I, the facade of the first five towers was covered with 2,000,000 square feet of glass, and used about 400,000 cubic yards of concrete. This did not include the glass used for the atriums
Kiss is an American hard rock group formed in New York City in January 1973 by Paul Stanley, Gene Simmons, Peter Criss, and Ace Frehley. The band has gone through several changes, with Stanley. The original and best-known lineup consisted of Stanley, Frehley, with their make-up and costumes, they took on the personae of comic book-style characters, The Starchild, The Demon, The Spaceman or Space Ace, and The Catman. Due to creative differences, both Criss and Frehley had departed the group by 1982, in 1983, Kiss began performing without makeup and costumes, thinking that it was time to leave the makeup behind. The band accordingly experienced a commercial resurgence, and their music videos received regular airplay on MTV. Drummer Eric Carr, who had replaced Criss in 1980, died in 1991 of a type of heart cancer and was replaced by Eric Singer. In response to a wave of Kiss nostalgia in the mid-1990s, the band announced a reunion of the lineup in 1996. The resulting Alive/Worldwide Tour was commercially successful and Frehley have both since left the band again and have been replaced by Singer and Tommy Thayer, respectively.
Kiss has sold more than 100 million records worldwide, including 25 million RIAA-certified albums, on April 10,2014, Kiss was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Kiss traces their roots to Wicked Lester, a New York City-based rock band led by Gene Simmons and they recorded one album, which was shelved by Epic Records, and played a handful of live shows. Simmons and Stanley, feeling a new direction was needed, abandoned Wicked Lester in 1972. Simmons and Stanley met him in a nightclub where he was playing drums, after hearing Criss sing, they thought of him being in the band. Criss auditioned for and joined the new version of Wicked Lester, the trio focused on a much harder style of rock than Wicked Lester played. They began experimenting with their image by wearing makeup and various outfits, in November 1972, the trio played a showcase for Epic Records A&R director Don Ellis, in an effort to secure a record deal. Although the performance went well, Ellis disliked the groups image, in early January 1973, the group added lead guitarist Ace Frehley.
Frehley impressed the group with his first audition, although he showed up wearing two different colored sneakers, one red and one orange, a few weeks after Frehley joined, Wicked Lester changed their name to Kiss. Stanley came up with the name while he, Simmons and Criss were driving around New York City, Criss mentioned that he had been in a band called Lips, so Stanley said something to the effect of What about Kiss. Frehley created the logo, making the SS look like lightning bolts
The Detroit Pistons are an American professional basketball team based in Auburn Hills, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit. The Pistons compete in the National Basketball Association as a club of the leagues Eastern Conference Central Division. The team plays its games at The Palace of Auburn Hills and was founded in Fort Wayne, Indiana as the Fort Wayne Pistons in 1941. The Pistons joined the Basketball Association of America in 1948, in 1949, the NBL and BAA merged to become the NBA, and the Pistons became part of the merged league. Since moving to Detroit in 1957, the Pistons have won three NBA championships in 1989,1990 and 2004. The Detroit Pistons franchise was founded as the Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons, owners Fred Zollner and his sister Janets Zollner Corporation was a foundry, manufacturing pistons, primarily for car and locomotive engines. The Zollner Pistons were NBL champions in 1944 and 1945 and they won the World Professional Basketball Tournament in 1944,1945 and 1946. In 1948, the became the Fort Wayne Pistons, competing in the Basketball Association of America.
In 1949, Fred Zollner brokered the formation of the National Basketball Association from the BAA, there are suggestions that Pistons players conspired with gamblers to shave points and throw various games during the 1953–54 and 1954–55 seasons. In particular, there are accusations that the team may have intentionally lost the 1955 NBA Finals to the Syracuse Nationals, in the decisive Game 7, the Pistons led Syracuse 41–24 early in the second quarter, the Nationals rallied to win the game. Syracuse won on a throw by George King with twelve seconds left in the game. After the 1956–57 season, Zollner decided that Fort Wayne was too small to support an NBA team, although it was the fifth largest city in the United States at the time, Detroit had not seen professional basketball in a decade. In 1947, they had lost the Detroit Gems of the NBL, Zollner decided to keep the Pistons name, believing it made sense given Detroits status as the center of the automobile industry. The new Detroit Pistons played in Olympia Stadium for their first four seasons, the franchise was a consistent disappointment, struggling both on the court and at the box office.
During the 1960s and 1970s, the Pistons were characterized by strong individuals. In fact, in their first 27 years in Detroit, they only had three winning seasons, some of the superstars who played for the team included Dave DeBusschere, Dave Bing, Jimmy Walker, and Bob Lanier. At one point DeBusschere was the youngest player-coach in the history of the NBA, DeBusschere became a key player in leading the Knicks to two NBA titles. Detroit qualified for the postseason in four seasons, but never advanced beyond the second round of the playoffs
Duran Duran are an English new wave and synthpop band formed in Birmingham in 1978. The band grew from alternative sensations in 1982 to mainstream pop stars by 1984, by the end of the decade and music style changes challenged the band before a resurgence in the early 1990s. The group were a band in the MTV-driven Second British Invasion of the US. They have placed 14 singles in the top 10 of the UK Singles Chart and 21 in the Billboard Hot 100, when they first emerged, they were generally considered part of the New Romantic scene, along with bands such as Spandau Ballet. Soon they would shed this image, using fashion and marketing to build a more refined and they were awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. The video age catapulted Duran Duran into the mainstream with the introduction of the 24-hour music channel MTV, many of their videos were shot on 35 mm film, which gave a much more polished look than was standard at the time. They collaborated with film directors to take the quality a step further.
In 1984, the band were early innovators with video technology in their stadium shows. These five members featured the most commercially successful line-up, the reunion of the original five members in the early 2000s created a stir among the bands fans and music media. Andy Taylor left the once again in mid-2006, and guitarist Dom Brown has since been working with the band as a session player. John Taylor and Nick Rhodes formed Duran Duran in Birmingham, England in 1978, at the club they were doing jobs such as John working the door and with Nick deejaying for £10 a night. They began rehearsing and regularly playing at the venue, There were many nearby nightclubs, and the one significant one, where bands such as The Sex Pistols and The Clash played gigs, was called Barbarellas. They would go on to name the band after a character from Barbarella, the character, played by Milo OShea, is named Dr. Durand Durand. The bands first singer was Stephen Duffy, Simon Colley soon joined Taylor and Duffy. Colley was the original bass player, as John Taylor was the guitarist at this point.
This was the first complete line-up of the band played live shows. For drums and percussion, a drum machine belonging to Rhodes was used. Colley left the prior to the addition of Andy Taylor
Pink Floyd were an English rock band formed in London. They achieved international acclaim with their progressive and psychedelic music, Pink Floyd were founded in 1965 by students Syd Barrett on guitar and lead vocals, Nick Mason on drums, Roger Waters on bass and vocals, and Richard Wright on keyboards and vocals. Guitarist David Gilmour joined in December 1967, Barrett left in April 1968 due to deteriorating mental health. Waters became the primary lyricist and conceptual leader, devising the concepts behind their albums The Dark Side of the Moon, Wish You Were Here, The Wall. The Dark Side of the Moon and The Wall became two of the albums of all time. Following creative tensions, Wright left Pink Floyd in 1979, followed by Waters in 1985, Gilmour and Mason continued as Pink Floyd, Wright rejoined them as a session musician and, later, a band member. The three produced two more albums—A Momentary Lapse of Reason and The Division Bell —and toured through 1994, Barrett died in 2006, and Wright in 2008.
The final Pink Floyd studio album, The Endless River, was recorded without Waters, Pink Floyd were inducted into the American Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1996 and the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2005. By 2013, the band had more than 250 million records worldwide. Roger Waters met Nick Mason while they were both studying architecture at the London Polytechnic at Regent Street and they first played music together in a group formed by Keith Noble and Clive Metcalfe with Nobles sister Sheilagh. Richard Wright, an architecture student, joined that year. Waters played lead guitar, Mason drums, and Wright rhythm guitar, the band performed at private functions and rehearsed in a tearoom in the basement of the Regent Street Polytechnic. They performed songs by the Searchers and material written by their manager and songwriter, Mason moved out after the 1964 academic year, and guitarist Bob Klose moved in during September 1964, prompting Waters switch to bass. Sigma 6 went through several names, including the Meggadeaths, the Abdabs and the Screaming Abdabs, Leonards Lodgers, in 1964, as Metcalfe and Noble left to form their own band, guitarist Syd Barrett joined Klose and Waters at Stanhope Gardens.
Barrett, two younger, had moved to London in 1962 to study at the Camberwell College of Arts. Waters and Barrett were childhood friends, Waters had often visited Barrett and Metcalfe left the Tea Set in late 1963, and Klose introduced the band to singer Chris Dennis, a technician with the Royal Air Force. In December 1964, they secured their first recording time, at a studio in West Hampstead, through one of Wrights friends, who was taking a break from his studies, did not participate in the session. When the RAF assigned Dennis a post in Bahrain in early 1965, that year, they became the resident band at the Countdown Club near Kensington High Street in London, where from late night until early morning they played three sets of 90 minutes each
Louis XIV of France
Louis XIV, known as Louis the Great or the Sun King, was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1643 until his death in 1715. His reign of 72 years and 110 days is the longest of any monarch of a country in European history. In the age of absolutism in Europe, Louis XIVs France was a leader in the centralization of power. Louis began his rule of France in 1661, after the death of his chief minister. By these means he became one of the most powerful French monarchs, under his rule, the Edict of Nantes, which granted rights to Huguenots, was abolished. The revocation effectively forced Huguenots to emigrate or convert in a wave of dragonnades, which managed to virtually destroy the French Protestant minority. During Louis reign, France was the leading European power, and it fought three wars, the Franco-Dutch War, the War of the League of Augsburg. There were two lesser conflicts, the War of Devolution and the War of the Reunions, warfare defined Louis XIVs foreign policies, and his personality shaped his approach.
Impelled by a mix of commerce and pique, in peacetime he concentrated on preparing for the next war. He taught his diplomats their job was to create tactical and strategic advantages for the French military, Louis XIV was born on 5 September 1638 in the Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, to Louis XIII and Anne of Austria. He was named Louis Dieudonné and bore the title of French heirs apparent. At the time of his birth, his parents had married for 23 years. His mother had experienced four stillbirths between 1619 and 1631, leading contemporaries thus regarded him as a divine gift and his birth a miracle of God. Sensing imminent death, Louis XIII decided to put his affairs in order in the spring of 1643, in defiance of custom, which would have made Queen Anne the sole Regent of France, the king decreed that a regency council would rule on his sons behalf. His lack of faith in Queen Annes political abilities was his primary rationale and he did, make the concession of appointing her head of the council.
Louis relationship with his mother was uncommonly affectionate for the time and eyewitnesses claimed that the Queen would spend all her time with Louis. Both were greatly interested in food and theatre, and it is likely that Louis developed these interests through his close relationship with his mother. This long-lasting and loving relationship can be evidenced by excerpts in Louis journal entries, such as, but attachments formed by shared qualities of the spirit are far more difficult to break than those formed merely by blood