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Coca-Cola Park (Allentown)

Coca-Cola Park is an 8,278-seat baseball park in Allentown, Pennsylvania, in the Lehigh Valley region of Pennsylvania. It is the home field for the Lehigh Valley IronPigs, the Triple-A level minor league baseball affiliate of the Philadelphia Phillies. Coca-Cola Park accommodates 10,178 fans, including auxiliary areas, cost $50.25 million to build. Naming rights to the stadium were awarded to Coca-Cola Bottling Co. of the Lehigh Valley on March 7, 2007. The stadium features the Majestic Clubhouse; the Bud Light Trough is an area behind the right field wall that provides patrons the opportunity to stand and socialize during the game. The "pig" theme is used in the majority of concession stores; the PPL Picnic Patio is an area adjacent to left field that features buffet style food and can be booked for group outings. The club level of the stadium features an indoor concourse with access to the club level seats, the suites and the two PenTeleData Party Porches; the VIP Dugout Suites are situated behind home plate and provide a unique viewing experience.

The LVHN Children's Hospital KidsZone features a free playground area. In addition, kids can take advantage of a number of games, including speed pitch and more. In 2012, the park added the Capital Blue Tiki Terrace in Left Field over the bullpens which features large group seating, tables for four, a bar area accessible to all ticketed fans; the stadium maximum capacity is 10,178. There is one main scoreboard, located at the 400' mark on the field; the scoreboard consists of a 20' × 50' high definition video board, a 76' × 4' LED ribbon board, as well as the park's iconic classic Coca-Cola bottle which serves as a firework launcher when a run is scored. Coca-Cola Park has a wide variety of seating including a grass berm, picnic benches, fold-down seats, standing room; the initial estimate of the IronPigs stadium was $48.4 million. Its final price tag of $50.25 million, just 4 percent over the estimate, makes the minor league field one of the most expensive in the U. S. Groundbreaking ceremonies for the new ballpark were held on September 6, 2006, construction was completed in February 2008.

Coca-Cola Park was built on land owned by LSI Corporation. The field dimensions and wall heights are the same as Citizens Bank Park in Philadelphia, except left field is six feet closer, center field is one foot shorter and the right field foul pole is five feet closer. With its completion, Coca-Cola Park is Allentown's newest stadium; that distinction belongs to J. Birney Crum Stadium, which has a seating capacity in excess of 15,000, is the second largest outdoor high school stadium in Pennsylvania; the layout of Coca-Cola Park is different from most ballparks, as the main entrance is located on the right field line rather than the common location behind home plate. Fans with club seating tickets, however, do have a designated entrance behind home plate. A surprising moment of the park's opening season came on July 2, 2008, when musician John Mayer attended a Lehigh Valley IronPigs game and caught a foul ball. Mayer had kept a low profile. Mayer autographed the ball, which now sits in the Majestic Clubhouse Store.

The park hosted its first major non-sporting event on July 14, 2009, with a concert headlined by Bob Dylan, Willie Nelson and John Mellencamp. More than 10,000 people attended the five-hour show, sold out. Following the event's success, Coca-Cola Park management indicated there was a good possibility other concerts would be held at the park in the future; the stadium hosted the 2010 Triple-A All-Star Game in which the International League All-Stars defeated the Pacific Coast League All-Stars, 2–1. Tickets for seats at Coca-Cola Park are much less expensive than those at major league ballparks. Capital Blue Cross Oasis "Island": $64/game Hot Corner: $21/game Club Level: $18/game Field Level: $13/game ($11 Advanced Purchase Bacon Strip: $11/game Pig Pen: $21/game General Admission Value*: $11/game General Admission*: $8/game General Admission ticketing allows fans access to the Capital BlueCross Lawn, the Bud Light Trough, the Capital Blue Cross Tiki Terrace Bar and all standing room drink rail areas on the concourse.

The stadium is located near two buildings owned by LSI Corporation. The eastern segment of American Parkway provides access to the main entrance to the stadium. U. S. Route 22, one of the primary thoroughfares in the Lehigh Valley, serves outside visitors. Union Boulevard and Airport Road serve as local arterials to the stadium. Parking is available via several lots on-site. List of historic places in Allentown, Pennsylvania Coca-Cola Park Photographs of Coca-Cola Park - Rochester Area Ballparks Coca-Cola Park Views - Ball Parks of the Minor Leagues

Joey McCarthy

Joey McCarthy is a retired American stock car racing driver. The 1987 New Jersey State Champion in kart racing, he is a former competitor in the NASCAR Busch North series, the NASCAR Busch Series, the NASCAR Nextel Cup Series. Starting his racing career at age 10, McCarthy made a name for himself in kart racing, winning the 1987 New Jersey State Karting Championship, he moved to stock car competition in 1991, competing at Flemington Speedway, where he won the track's rookie championship. McCarthy made his debut in NASCAR touring series competition in 1994, competing in the Featherlite Modified Tour. In 1995 McCarthy moved to NASCAR's national touring series, making his first attempt to qualify in the Busch Series, he qualified for his first Busch Series race in 1996, competing at Nazareth Speedway and finishing 34th. McCarthy began his career in the Busch North Series, a New England-based regional series running cars similar to those in the Busch Grand National series, in 1998. McCarthy scored his first and only win in the Busch North Series in 2003, at Holland International Speedway in Holland, New York.

He returned to the Whelen Modified Tour in 2003, competing at New Hampshire International Speedway and finishing 41st. McCarthy competed in the Toyota All-Star Showdown between 2003 and 2006, representing the Busch North Series. In 2005, in addition to continuing to compete as a regular in the Busch North Series, McCarthy attempted to move up to the NASCAR Craftsman Truck Series, he signed with Mach One, Inc. to drive the No. 34 Chevrolet on a limited schedule in the Nextel Cup Series. McCarthy returned to the Busch Series in 2006 for a single event, competing in the New England 200 at New Hampshire for Keith Coleman Racing and finishing 43rd. McCarthy tied his best career points finish in the renamed Busch East Series that year, finishing 6th in points. McCarthy is employed as a crew member for teams on the NASCAR Sprint Cup Series circuit. 1 Competed only in companion events with Busch North Series as BNS driver and ineligible for Busch Series points Joey McCarthy driver statistics at Racing-Reference Joey McCarthy at Driver Database

Fenwick W. English

Fenwick W. English is an education professor. In 2002, he became the Robert Wendel Eaves Sr. Chair at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; this distinguished position honors one of this century’s great leaders in elementary education. Fenwick English was born in California to middle-class parents Mel and Phyllis, his father taught his mother taught music. Fenwick's father and mother were both accomplished pianists. In 1956 English enrolled in college at USC where he graduated with a B. S. in English and Education in 1961, an M. S. in Elementary Administration in 1963. While studying for his M. S. he was a teacher of third grade at the Tweedy Elementary School in South Gate, California. From his career start as a third grade teacher, English moved up in the ranks of practicing educators and in school administrators, he taught elementary and middle school at Palm Crest Elementary School and Foothill Intermediate School in La Canada, California from 1961–1964. His leadership in the classroom was respected and this led to his promotion to Assistant Middle School Principal at that same Foothill Intermediate School from 1964–1965.

In 1965, he moved up to Middle School Principal and Central Project Director, Temple City USD, Temple City, California. It was during his five years at Temple City, his observations in the classroom and school became the groundwork for his first book Differentiated staffing: Giving teaching a chance to improve learning published in 1969. The book was well received, it was not long before he was putting his theories into practice. In 1970 he was asked to direct a project in staff differentiation with three pilot schools in the Mesa Public Schools District in Mesa, Arizona; the project was funded by Arizona State University where English was employed with the title of Project Director/Visiting Lecturer. In essence he was conducting practical research by being allowed to reorganize each pilot school along different models and measure performance differences; this work was the topic of his Doctoral Dissertation, he received his Ph. D. in 1972. There was a clear improvement of student performance due to organization and differentiation of staff.

The positive results were published in two books Strategies for Differentiated Staffing and School Organization and Management. What worked in Arizona on the small scale would get its true test in the Sarasota County, Florida district schools. English was hired as the Assistant Superintendent for Personnel and Program Development by that district. At 25,000 students, the implementation was more difficult but just as effective as in Arizona. English received national recognition for his achievements by being elected Associate Executive Director–American Association of School Administrators and Director of the National Center for the Improvement of Learning. Arlington, Virginia. Although this position was honorary, it gave him exposure to people and movements within education at the national level, it gave him the opportunity to plan and direct two national summer conferences in Minneapolis and Denver. He documented his ideas and work in his books School Organization and Management, Needs Assessment: A focus for Curriculum Development and Quality Control in Curriculum Development.

In Washington, D. C. in the late 1970s, President Jimmy Carter's administration was moving for the creation of a cabinet-level Department of Education. Consultants were needed. In 1979 English was hired by Peat, Mitchell & Co. as their National Practice Director, North American Continent, for Elementary and Secondary Education, in the firm’s Washington, D. C. Office; the consulting business opened English's eyes to a whole new set of tools. Business auditing and accounting practices were formed the core of KPMG's business. English grasped these tools and was successful in being elected as a partner in the firm in 1980. Could business auditing practices be used to further refine Educational Administration to create a better education system? English discussed the concept and the potential benefits in Improving Curriculum Management in the Schools, Fundamental Curriculum Decisions; this theory became practice when in 1979 English was asked to conduct a "Curriculum Audit" of the Columbus, Ohio Public School District.

This was the first of many formal curriculum audits conducted under his guidelines. The name, "Curriculum Audit" was subsequently changed to "Curriculum Management Audit" when Virginia Vertiz, Director of the National Curriculum Audit Center from 1990 to 1996, became involved in the improvement of the process. In 1982 English was asked to become Superintendent of Schools for the prestigious Northport-East Northport Union Free School District in Northport, New York on Long Island, New York. To make a mark in the field of education required the credentials of a University Professorship at a minimum, yet none of the professors in U. S. academia had practiced education or educational administration in a real secondary school district. The gap between academia and practical administration was huge. Bridging the gap became a quest for English that would take him to many positions at many academic institutions throughout the U. S, his travels in building this bridge would earn him the nickname "The Gypsy" from friends and family.

In academia, the yardstick of prestige and success is publications. From his vantage point as a secondary school District Administrator, English knew that in order to jump to academia, he would have to out-write and out-

Limmie Snell

Limmie Snell was an American soul singer, born in Dalton, United States. He grew up in Canton and attended McKinley Senior High School, but did not graduate; as Limmie B. Good, he began recording at the age of 11 for Mercury Records and Warner Bros.. Records. In early 1965, under the name "Lemme B. Good", Snell released the original version of "Good Lovin'" a number one hit for the Young Rascals. Limmie & Family Cookin' was the group, they were started in Canton with two of his sisters and Jimmie. Jimmie Snell sang lead vocals on both "A Walkin' Miracle" and "You Can Do Magic"; the group had one single on Scepter Records before signing with Atco Records. In the UK the group had three hit singles, "You Can Do Magic", "Dreamboat," and a cover version of The Essex's "A Walkin' Miracle". After Limmie & Family Cookin' broke up, he remained in the UK and formed Limmie Funk Limmie Funk Limited, short lived bands who toured the UK in 1976, whose musicians had varied success; the first band included Bill Holliday on guitar, who went on to be in Palm Beach Express and CBS recording artists The Continentals, Peter Lodge, a member of Palm Beach Express.

Limmie Funk Limited included Tony Mansfield, Nick Straker and Phil Towner who, in 1976, formed New Musik, the brothers Paul and Robert Simon, who joined numerous new wave bands in the late 1970s and 1980s, such as Neo, Girls at Our Best, Radio Stars, Cowboys International and Magazine. Snell wrote, recorded music until his death from renal failure in May 1986 in Atlanta and was buried in Canton, Ohio, he had several children and one of his sons, Limmie Snell Junior, still records music in Europe. Mini biography @

Forest Recreation Ground

The Forest Recreation Ground is an open space and recreation ground in Nottingham, England one mile north of the city centre. This urban space is bounded by the neighbourhoods of Forest Fields to the north, Mapperley Park to the east, Arboretum to the south and Hyson Green to the west, it is best known as the site of the city's famous annual Goose Fair. The name "Forest" derives comes from medieval times when the land, now a recreation ground was part of the Sherwood Forest that once extended from the city of Nottingham to the north of Nottinghamshire; the site was the southernmost part of Sherwood Forest and was part of the open area known as "The Lings" which covered by gorse and scrub, extended into the parishes of Lenton and Basford. The site of the Forest was one of the original areas to be protected in perpetuity by the 1845 Nottingham Inclosure Act, which set aside some 80 acres of Sherwood Forest for public recreational use. In commemoration, the Mayor of Nottingham planted the "Inclosure Oak" which can still be seen at the Mansfield Road entrance to the Forest.

Joseph Paxton, a leading gardener and architect of the nineteenth century, was responsible for the criss-cross formation of walkways. For over 300 years the Forest has been home to sport, including horse racing and football, it was home to Nottingham Racecourse by 1773, it remained there until it moved to its current location at Colwick, south east of Nottingham, at the end of the 19th century. Nottingham Forest Football Club first played their games on the Forest after their formation in 1865, hence the club's name. Standing at the Mansfield Road entrance is Forest Lodge, built in 1857; this Grade II listed building was used as a Police or Keeper's Lodge and a police cell can still be seen at basement level. A red granite monument stands at the Monument Gate on Forest Road East, commemorating the fallen of the Boer War. By comparison with its sporting heritage, the use of the Forest for the city's traditional Goose Fair is recent; the fair has existed since at least 1541, but it only moved to the Forest in 1928, from its previous long term home in the city's Old Market Square.

The city's Goose Fair is held on the Forest in October of every year. Other smaller travelling fairs and circuses take place on the recreation ground throughout the year coinciding with local school holidays; the Forest Recreation Ground boasts floodlit hard surface courts and grass pitches for ball games, a traditional bowling lawn. There is an enclosed children's playground; these facilities are maintained by Nottingham City Council. A parkrun is run at the grounds each week; the Forest Recreation Ground supports many important species. Mature trees include turkey oak, English elm, English oak, sessile oak, silver birch, common lime and horse chestnut. Additionally, there have been more recent plantings of London plane, various maples and silver lime. Perennials include autumn crocus, spring crocus, ramsons, wild privet and guelder rose. Certain parts of the Forest play host to relic meadow flora such as meadow foxtail, short-stemmed meadow-grass, Yorkshire fog, red clover, white clover, oxeye daisy, germander speedwell and meadow saxifrage.

With such an abundance of habitat, the Forest attracts many birds such as nuthatches, mistle thrushes, tawny owls, song thrushes, great spotted woodpeckers and chaffinches. The caves of the Rock Cemetery are a Geological County Wildlife Site; the thin turf here supports early and silver hairgrass, bird's-foot trefoil and spiked sedge. Conspicuous insects include holly blue and clouded yellow butterflies and cockchafer beetles; the Forest is home with spaces for more than 950 cars. Nottingham Express Transit's Forest tram stop is adjacent to the car park, provides frequent services to and from the city centre and other city locations; as with much urban parkland, the Forest has been threatened by development. Proposals for a recreation centre, to be built on the eastern fringes of the Forest, were rejected following public opposition to loss of green space. However, mature trees and greenery at the northwest corner of the ground have been cut down to provide 989 parking spaces for the Park & Ride that serves the "Forest" stop for Nottingham Express Transit.

As at summer 2008, the Forest was the subject of a public consultation to decide on regeneration priorities, to be funded by an expected Heritage Lottery Fund award. For the last four years, Nottingham City Council and Nottingham's Partnership Council have worked on plans to restore the parkland to its former glory and to better serve the needs of today's park users; the project is backed by the Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment and by local organisations such as Friends of the Forest. The Forest's £5.2 million restoration project was completed during September 2013. The project encompassed: the restoration and refurbishment of the lodge and the pavilion. Additionally, railings were erected, for example the new green-coloured metal fences next to the bus stop near the Forest's Mansfield Road entrance, as well as the custom panelled columns. In design, these railings are similar to the historic ones nearby; the final phase of the Forest project created a sports zone with new sports pitches and changing rooms, paid for by the Premier League, the Football Associa

Initiator element

The initiator element, sometimes referred to as initiator motif, is a core promoter, similar in function to the Pribnow box or the TATA box. The Inr is the simplest functional promoter, able to direct transcription initiation without a functional TATA box, it has the consensus sequence YYANWYY in humans. To the TATA box, the Inr element facilitates the binding of transcription Factor II D; the Inr works by strengthening the promoter. The initiator element is the most common sequence found at the transcription start site of eukaryotic genes, it is a 17 bp element. Inr in humans was first explained and sequenced by two MIT biologists, Stephen T. Smale and David Baltimore in 1989, their research showed that Inr promoter is able to initiate basal transcription in absence of the TATA box. In the presence of a TATA box or other promoters, the Inr increases the efficiency of transcription by working alongside the promoters to bind RNA polymerase II. A gene with both types of promoters will have higher promoter binding strength, easier activation and higher levels of transcription activity.

The TFIID, a component of the RNA polymerase II preinitiation complex binds to both the TATA box and Inr. Two subunits, TAF1 and TAF2, of the TFIID bring the complex together; the interaction between TFIID and Inr is believed to be most imperative in initiating transcription. This is likey due to the Inr sequence overlapping the start site; the Inr element is believed to interact with activator Sp1, specificity protein 1 transcription factor. Sp1 is able to regulate the activation and initiation of transcription The Inr element sequence is located -6 bp upstream of the transcription start site and continues to around +45 bp downstream; this sequence encompasses. The Inr element is located about ~20 bp downstream from the TATA box; the Inr region overlaps the transcription start site but the exact start and end positions are still being debated. The consensus sequence of Inr in humans was inferred to be YYANWYY; the census sequence in Drosophila is TCAKTY. Studies have shown that promoters with a functional Inr are more to lack a TATA box or to possess a degenerate TATA sequence.

This is because a gene with an active Inr is less dependent on a functional TATA box or additional promoters. Although Inr element varies between promoters, the sequence is conserved between humans and yeast. An analysis of 7670 transcription start sites showed that 40% had an exact match to the BBCA+1BW Inr sequence. While 16% contained only one mismatch TFIID and subunits are sensitive to the Inr sequence and nucleotide changes have been shown to drastically change the binding affinity; the +1 and -3 positions have been identified as the most critical for transcription efficiency and Inr function. A replacement of the Adenosine nucleotide at the +1 to G or T changes transcription activity by 10% and a replacement of Thymine at the +3 position changes transcription activity levels by 22%; the Inr element for core promoters was found to be more prevalent than the TATA box in eukaryotic promoter domains. In a study of 1800+ distinct human promoter sequences it was found that 49% contain the Inr element while 21.8% contain the TATA box.

Out of those sequences with the TATA box, 62% contained the Inr element as well. Though the Inr element is not understood it has been recognized as the most occurring sequence at the start site of genes in multiple species. Further research can allow for more understanding of the elements. In nucleic acid notation for DNA, K stands for G/T 2