A river mouth is the part of a river where the river debouches into another river, a lake, a reservoir, a sea, or an ocean. The water from a river can enter the receiving body in a variety of different ways; the motion of a river is influenced by the relative density of the river compared to the receiving water, the rotation of the earth, any ambient motion in the receiving water, such as tides or seiches. If the river water has a higher density than the surface of the receiving water, the river water will plunge below the surface; the river water will either form an underflow or an interflow within the lake. However, if the river water is lighter than the receiving water, as is the case when fresh river water flows into the sea, the river water will float along the surface of the receiving water as an overflow. Alongside these advective transports, inflowing water will diffuse. At the mouth of a river, the change in flow condition can cause the river to drop any sediment it is carrying; this sediment deposition can generate a variety of landforms, such as deltas, sand bars and tie channels.
Many places in the United Kingdom take their names from their positions at the mouths of rivers, such as Plymouth and Great Yarmouth. Confluence River delta Estuary Liman
United States Geological Survey
The United States Geological Survey is a scientific agency of the United States government. The scientists of the USGS study the landscape of the United States, its natural resources, the natural hazards that threaten it; the organization has four major science disciplines, concerning biology, geography and hydrology. The USGS is a fact-finding research organization with no regulatory responsibility; the USGS is a bureau of the United States Department of the Interior. The USGS employs 8,670 people and is headquartered in Reston, Virginia; the USGS has major offices near Lakewood, Colorado, at the Denver Federal Center, Menlo Park, California. The current motto of the USGS, in use since August 1997, is "science for a changing world." The agency's previous slogan, adopted on the occasion of its hundredth anniversary, was "Earth Science in the Public Service." Since 2012, the USGS science focus is directed at six topical "Mission Areas", namely Climate and Land Use Change, Core Science Systems, Ecosystems and Minerals and Environmental Health, Natural Hazards, Water.
In December 2012, the USGS split the Energy and Minerals and Environmental Health Mission Area resulting in seven topical Mission Areas, with the two new areas being: Energy and Minerals and Environmental Health. Administratively, it is divided into six Regional Units. Other specific programs include: Earthquake Hazards Program monitors earthquake activity worldwide; the National Earthquake Information Center in Golden, Colorado on the campus of the Colorado School of Mines detects the location and magnitude of global earthquakes. The USGS runs or supports several regional monitoring networks in the United States under the umbrella of the Advanced National Seismic System; the USGS informs authorities, emergency responders, the media, the public, both domestic and worldwide, about significant earthquakes. It maintains long-term archives of earthquake data for scientific and engineering research, it conducts and supports research on long-term seismic hazards. USGS has released the UCERF California earthquake forecast.
As of 2005, the agency is working to create a National Volcano Early Warning System by improving the instrumentation monitoring the 169 volcanoes in U. S. territory and by establishing methods for measuring the relative threats posed at each site. The USGS National Geomagnetism Program monitors the magnetic field at magnetic observatories and distributes magnetometer data in real time; the USGS collaborates with Canadian and Mexican government scientists, along with the Commission for Environmental Cooperation, to produce the North American Environmental Atlas, used to depict and track environmental issues for a continental perspective. The USGS operates the streamgaging network for the United States, with over 7400 streamgages. Real-time streamflow data are available online. National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center implements partner-driven science to improve understanding of past and present land use change, develops relevant climate and land use forecasts, identifies lands and communities that are most vulnerable to adverse impacts of change from the local to global scale.
Since 1962, the Astrogeology Research Program has been involved in global and planetary exploration and mapping. In collaboration with Stanford University, the USGS operates the USGS-Stanford Ion Microprobe Laboratory, a world-class analytical facility for U--Pb geochronology and trace element analyses of minerals and other earth materials. USGS operates a number of water related programs, notably the National Streamflow Information Program and National Water-Quality Assessment Program. USGS Water data is publicly available from their National Water Information System database; the USGS operates the National Wildlife Health Center, whose mission is "to serve the nation and its natural resources by providing sound science and technical support, to disseminate information to promote science-based decisions affecting wildlife and ecosystem health. The NWHC provides information, technical assistance, research and leadership on national and international wildlife health issues." It is the agency responsible for surveillance of H5N1 avian influenza outbreaks in the United States.
The USGS runs 17 biological research centers in the United States, including the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. The USGS is investigating collaboration with the social networking site Twitter to allow for more rapid construction of ShakeMaps; the USGS produces several national series of topographic maps which vary in scale and extent, with some wide gaps in coverage, notably the complete absence of 1:50,000 scale topographic maps or their equivalent. The largest and best-known topographic series is the 7.5-minute, 1:24,000 scale, quadrangle, a non-metric scale unique to the United States. Each of these maps covers an area bounded by two lines of latitude and two lines of longitude spaced 7.5 minutes apart. Nearly 57,000 individual maps in this series cover the 48 contiguous states, Hawaii, U. S. territories, areas of Alaska near Anchorage and Prudhoe Bay. The area covered by each map varies with the latitude of its represented location due to convergence of the meridians. At lower latitudes, near 30° north, a 7.5-minute quadrangle contains an area of about 64 square miles.
At 49° north latitude, 49 square miles are contained within a quadrangle of that size. As a unique non-metric map scale, the 1:24,000 scale requires a separate and specialized romer scale for pl
Dante's Peak is a 1997 American disaster thriller film directed by Roger Donaldson. Starring Pierce Brosnan, Linda Hamilton, Charles Hallahan, Elizabeth Hoffman, Jamie Renée Smith, Jeremy Foley and Grant Heslov, the film is set in the fictional town of Dante's Peak where the inhabitants fight to survive a volcanic eruption; the film was released on February 7, 1997, under the production of Universal Pictures and Pacific Western Productions. In 1993, USGS volcanologist Dr. Harry Dalton and his partner, attempt to escape an eruption in Colombia, she dies when a volcanic bomb lands through the roof of their truck and hits her in the head, leaving Harry devastated. Four years Harry is assigned by his superior, Dr. Paul Dreyfus, to investigate seismic activity near Dante's Peak, Washington, a town that borders a dormant stratovolcano. Harry arrives at the town and meets with the mayor, Rachel Wando, her children and Lauren. Rachel offers to take Harry with them as they see her former mother-in-law, who lives near a lake at the base of the volcano.
While exploring, they find dead trees, dead squirrels, a young couple boiled to death by a hot spring named Twonset, heated up by the volcano's lava. Paul arrives with a USGS team that evening, they set up base to monitor the volcano. Harry believes the disturbances to be signs of an impending eruption, but Paul disagrees and advises against giving a false alarm. Still, Harry tries to convince Rachel to prepare for a disaster, while developing a relationship with her and the children. A week passes, but although one of Harry's colleagues, Terry, is injured in an earthquake and avalanche in the summit crater, the volcano shows no signs of serious activity, the USGS team begins preparing to leave; when Harry goes to say goodbye to Rachel, they discover the town's water supply has been contaminated with sulfur dioxide, the next morning, seismic readings and gas levels rise dramatically. Convinced that the volcano will erupt, with the National Guard unavailable until the next day, Paul gives Harry permission to put the town on alert.
Before the group can evacuate the town, the eruption begins. In the ensuing chaos and Rachel go to retrieve the children, only to find they have gone to get Ruth, who refuses to leave her home. Just as they reach Ruth and the children, a lava flow engulfs Ruth's cabin and destroys the vehicles; the five flee across the lake in a motorboat, but the lake has become acidic due to sulfur-rich gases from the volcano, destroying the motor and eating away at the boat. Ruth jumps out of the boat to help it to shore, but sustains severe chemical burns and dies from her injuries the next morning with her family and Harry at her side; the heat from the volcano melts the glaciers on the peak, forming a lahar that collapses a dam on the river leading into town. During a lull in the eruption and the Wandos take a ranger's truck and set off back to town, where the National Guard is helping evacuate the town. A bridge over the lahar fails, while the USGS team makes it across, their van and Paul are lost to the flood.
Meanwhile and the Wandos are forced to drive across a lava flow in their path, rescuing Ruth's dog, along the way. When they arrive back in the deserted town, they find all escape routes gone. While retrieving a distress radiobeacon, Harry learns the volcano is due for a more violent second eruption; as he races for the town's abandoned mine, the volcano explodes, they make it to the mine before the town is overrun and destroyed by pyroclastic flows. The USGS team, watching the eruption from afar, presume Harry dead. Harry leads the Wandos to Graham's former clubhouse in the mine, only to realize he left the beacon in the truck; when he goes back for it, the mine collapses, trapping him inside. Harry manages to activate the beacon after much difficulty. A few days Terry notices the beacon has been activated, the USGS dispatches search and rescue teams. Harry and the Wandos are freed from the mine, reunited with Harry's team, airlifted out by helicopter; as the credits roll, the camera pans over the obliterated town before turning to the volcano, now reduced to a caldera.
Pierce Brosnan as Dr. Harry Dalton Linda Hamilton as Mayor Rachel Wando Charles Hallahan as Dr. Paul Dreyfus Jeremy Foley as Graham Wando Jamie Renée Smith as Lauren Wando Elizabeth Hoffman as Grandma Ruth Grant Heslov as Greg Arabella Field as Nancy Tzi Ma as Stan Bill Bolender as Sheriff Turner Peter Jason as Norman Gates Lee Garlington as Dr. Jane Fox Jeffrey L. Ward as Jack Collins Kirk Trutner as Terry Furlong Brian Reddy as Les Worrell Susie Spear as Karen Narlington Walker Brandt as Marianne Principal photography began on May 6, 1996; the film was shot on location in Idaho. Exterior shots of the Point Dume Post Office in Malibu, California were used as the USGS's David A. Johnston Cascades Volcano Observatory headquarters in Vancouver, Washington; the facility was named in honor of David A. Johnston, a young scientist who had predicted the volatility of the May 18, 1980, Mount St. Helens eruption and perished during the event. A brief scene was shot inside the crater of Mount St. Helens.
The scene involving the geological robot and the trapped scientist was shot inside the crater, as evidenced by a brief appearance by Mount Adams, a dormant 12,776-foot peak 35 miles east of Mount St. Helens, as the view focuses on the scientists; the scene itself was filmed on the tarmac of Van Nuys Airport, while the Mount Adams image was composited in later. Production was completed on August 31, 1996. Extensive special effects surrounding certain aspects of the film, such as the lava and pyroclastic flows, were created by Digital Domai
The Spokane River is a tributary of the Columbia River 111 miles long, in northern Idaho and eastern Washington in the United States. It drains a low mountainous area east of the Columbia, passing through the Spokane Valley and the city of Spokane, Washington; the Spokane River drains the northern part of Lake Coeur d'Alene in the Idaho Panhandle, emptying into the Columbia River at Franklin D. Roosevelt Lake 180 km downstream. From Lake Coeur d'Alene, the Spokane River traverses the Rathdrum Prairie until reaching Post Falls, Idaho where it passes over a dam, a natural 40-foot waterfall. Continuing westward. In Spokane, it flows over the Spokane Falls, which are located in the heart of Downtown Spokane one third of the way down the river's length. About a mile the river receives Latah Creek from the southeast. Soon afterwards, it is met from the northeast by the Little Spokane River, on the western edge of the city of Spokane, it flows in a zigzag course along the southern edge of the Selkirk Mountains, forming the southern boundary of the Spokane Indian Reservation, where it is impounded by the Long Lake Dam to form Long Lake, a 15 mi reservoir.
It joins Franklin D. Roosevelt Lake on the Columbia from the east at Miles; the site of historic Fort Spokane is located at the confluence of the Columbia rivers. The Spokane River's entire drainage basin is about 6,240 square miles large, of which 3,840 square miles are above Post Falls Dam at the outlet of Coeur d'Alene Lake, its mean annual discharge is 7,946 cubic feet per second. Until the 18th century, the Coeur d'Alene and Spokane Native Americans used to live and travel along the banks of the Spokane River. In 1807, David Thompson was the first European to explore the area. Today, the metropolitan area of the city of Spokane, Washington is the largest human settlement on the banks of the Spokane River; the metropolitan areas of Coeur d'Alene and Post Falls, Idaho are seated alongside the river. The Spokane River and Lake Coeur d'Alene area the primary sources of recharge for the Spokane Valley–Rathdrum Prairie Aquifer, the primary source of drinking water for each of these settlements.
The Spokane River contains some of the highest concentrations of heavy metals of any river in the state, resulting from pollution coming from Lake Coeur D'Alene and traveling from the Bunker Hill Mine and Smelting Complex Superfund Site. Spokane's sewage treatment facilities empty their outflow into the Spokane River. In 1889, Spokane built a sewage system that dumped raw sewage directly into the river, visibly noticeable by 1920. In 1957 a primary treatment facility was installed; this led to the construction of a more advanced treatment plant that utilized chemical precipitation technology, connected in 1975, operational by 1977. After the Northern Pacific Railway lines arrived in Spokane in 1882, there was rapid growth in milling operations along the river. Many of these mills required dams to provide power for their machinery; as a result of the dams blocking the river, salmon populations in the Spokane plummeted, leading to complaints from many of the people living upstream. After the construction of Little Falls Dam in 1910 by Washington Water Power blocked upstream passage, the river's salmon populations disappeared completely.
Steelhead were abundant on the Spokane River, prior to pollution and the construction of the dams. Today, the Spokane River system is one of the two largest unoccupied stretches of steelhead habitat within their former range. Today, the Spokane River supports populations of rainbow trout, northern pikeminnow, Bridgelip Suckers, as well as several non-native species. Many of the remaining fish, are not suitable for human consumption due to the chemical pollution in the river, with signs alongside the river warning that the fish are contaminated with PCBs. Bunker Hill Mine and Smelting Complex List of Idaho rivers List of longest streams of Idaho List of Washington rivers Spokane River Centennial Trail North Idaho Centennial Trail Harker Canyon National Research Council Committee on Superfund Site Assessment. Superfund and mining megasites: lessons from the Coeur D'Alene River basin. National Academies Press. ISBN 978-0-309-09714-7. Soltero, Raymond A.. "The Changing Spokane River Watershed". In Naiman, Robert J. Watershed Management: Environmental Change.
Springer. Pp. 458–478. ISBN 978-0-387-94232-2. Clark, Ella E. & Inverarity, Robert Bruce. "The Origin of the Spokane River". Indian Legends of the Pacific Northwest. University of California Press. Pp. 116–117. ISBN 978-0-520-23926-5. Spokane River at night USGS: Spokane River Basin Spokane River: 6th Most Endangered River of 2004
Shoshone County, Idaho
Shoshone County is a county in the U. S. state of Idaho. As of the 2010 census, the population was 12,765; the county seat is Wallace, the largest city is Kellogg. The county was established in 1864, named for the Native American Shoshone tribe. Shoshone County is referred to as the Silver Valley, due to its century-old mining history; the Silver Valley is famous nationwide for the vast amounts of silver and zinc mined from it. Shoshone County was formed under the Territory of Washington on January 9, 1861. Washington Territory legislators established the county in anticipation of the gold rush that occurred after the discovery of gold at Pierce in October, 1860, their location of the northern boundary at a line drawn due east from the mouth of the Clearwater River, unknowingly placed the emerging mining settlement at Pierce outside of the county's boundaries while residents of the new Mormon settlement at Franklin were unknowingly within the established boundaries. Regardless of the geographic reality, the county seat was at Pierce.
Growth at Pierce was so rapid that Shoshone County boasted the largest vote of any county within Washington Territory at the territorial election of July 8, 1861. In less than a year, Shoshone County contained additional settlements at Lewiston, Elk City and Florence. On December 20, 1861, Nez Perce and Idaho counties were created from most of the original territory of Shoshone County. On the following day, Shoshone's boundaries were shifted northward, containing most of present-day Clearwater County and a portion of present-day Shoshone County; this new boundary alignment left the existing settlement at Pierce and the new settlement of Orofino as the county's only settlements. The county's population dwindled as prospectors abandoned Pierce for gold prospects at Elk City and Florence. Idaho Territory was created in 1863 and the first census of the territory in that year enumerated only 574 residents in Shoshone County; the county boundaries were expanded to include the Silver Valley by the legislative assembly of Idaho Territory when it created Shoshone County on February 4, 1864.
The expanded territory contained no population at the second census of Idaho Territory in 1864. All of the county's 276 residents were located at Orofino; until 1904, Shoshone County included present-day Clearwater County to the south. That portion was annexed by Nez Perce County for several years and was established as a new county in 1911; when the Silver Valley population rose in the 1880s, the seat was moved to Murray in 1884 to better serve the majority of the county's population. The southern area's population increased with homesteading in the Weippe area in the late 1890s; the vast distance and time required for travel to Wallace from the Clearwater River area prompted the southern portion to move to Nez Perce County. Hard rock miners in Shoshone County protested wage cuts with a strike in 1892. After several lost their lives in a shooting war provoked by discovery of a company spy, the U. S. army forced an end to the strike. Hostilities erupted once again in 1899 when, in response to the company firing seventeen men for joining the union, the miners dynamited the Bunker Hill & Sullivan mill.
Again, lives were lost, the U. S. Army intervened, requested by Governor Frank Steunenberg, as the Idaho National Guard troops were still stationed in the Philippines following the Spanish–American War. Steunenberg was assassinated outside his residence in Caldwell in 1905, nearly five years after leaving office, the subsequent trials in Boise in 1907 made national headlines. Much of the county was burned in the Great Fire including part of the town of Wallace. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 2,635 square miles, of which 2,630 square miles is land and 5.5 square miles is water. Bonner County - north Sanders County, Montana - northeast/Mountain Time Border Mineral County, Montana - southeast/Mountain Time Border Clearwater County - south Latah County - southwest Benewah County - west Kootenai County - northwest I-90 I-90 Business Spur SH 3 SH 4 Clearwater National Forest Coeur d'Alene National Forest St. Joe National Forest As of the census of 2000, there were 13,771 people, 5,906 households, 3,856 families residing in the county.
The population density was 5 people per square mile. There were 7,057 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 95.84% White, 0.11% Black or African American, 1.52% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.49% from other races, 1.74% from two or more races. 1.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 22.1% were of German, 14.0% American, 11.3% English, 9.7% Irish and 5.9% Norwegian ancestry according to Census 2000. There were 5,906 households out of which 26.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.70% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.70% were non-families. 29.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.82. In the county, the population was spread out with 22.90% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 25.50% from 25 to 44, 27.40% from 45 to 64, 17.40% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 99.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $28,535, the median income for a family was $35,694. Males had a median income of $30,439 versus $18,831 for females; the per capita inco
Idaho is a state in the northwestern region of the United States. It borders the state of Montana to the east and northeast, Wyoming to the east and Utah to the south, Washington and Oregon to the west. To the north, it shares a small portion of the Canadian border with the province of British Columbia. With a population of 1.7 million and an area of 83,569 square miles, Idaho is the 14th largest, the 12th least populous and the 7th least densely populated of the 50 U. S. states. The state's capital and largest city is Boise. Idaho prior to European settlement was inhabited by Native American peoples, some of whom still live in the area. In the early 19th century, Idaho was considered part of the Oregon Country, an area disputed between the U. S. and the United Kingdom. It became U. S. territory with the signing of the Oregon Treaty of 1846, but a separate Idaho Territory was not organized until 1863, instead being included for periods in Oregon Territory and Washington Territory. Idaho was admitted to the Union on July 3, 1890, becoming the 43rd state.
Forming part of the Pacific Northwest, Idaho is divided into several distinct geographic and climatic regions. In the state's north, the isolated Idaho Panhandle is linked with Eastern Washington, with which it shares the Pacific Time Zone – the rest of the state uses the Mountain Time Zone; the state's south includes the Snake River Plain, while the south-east incorporates part of the Great Basin. Idaho is quite mountainous, contains several stretches of the Rocky Mountains; the United States Forest Service holds about 38 % of the most of any state. Industries significant for the state economy include manufacturing, mining and tourism. A number of science and technology firms are either headquartered in Idaho or have factories there, the state contains the Idaho National Laboratory, the country's largest Department of Energy facility. Idaho's agricultural sector supplies many products, but the state is best known for its potato crop, which comprises around one-third of the nationwide yield; the official state nickname is the "Gem State".
The name's origin remains a mystery. In the early 1860s, when the United States Congress was considering organizing a new territory in the Rocky Mountains, eccentric lobbyist George M. Willing suggested the name "Idaho", which he claimed was derived from a Shoshone language term meaning "the sun comes from the mountains" or "gem of the mountains". Willing claimed he had invented the name. Congress decided to name the area Colorado Territory when it was created in February 1861. Thinking they would get a jump on the name, locals named a community in Colorado "Idaho Springs". However, the name "Idaho" did not fall into obscurity; the same year Congress created Colorado Territory, a county called Idaho County was created in eastern Washington Territory. The county was named after a steamship named Idaho, launched on the Columbia River in 1860, it is unclear after Willing's claim was revealed. Regardless, part of Washington Territory, including Idaho County, was used to create Idaho Territory in 1863.
Despite this lack of evidence for the origin of the name, many textbooks well into the 20th century repeated as fact Willing's account the name "Idaho" derived from the Shoshone term "ee-da-how". A 1956 Idaho history textbook says:"Idaho" is a Shoshoni Indian exclamation; the word consists of three parts. The first is "Ee", which in English conveys the idea of "coming down"; the second is "dah", the Shoshoni stem or root for both "sun" and "mountain". The third syllable, "how", denotes the exclamation and stands for the same thing in Shoshoni that the exclamation mark does in the English language; the Shoshoni word is "Ee-dah-how", the Indian thought thus conveyed when translated into English means, "Behold! the sun coming down the mountain. An alternative etymology attributes the name to the Plains Apache word "ídaahę́", used in reference to The Comanche. Idaho borders six U. S. states and one Canadian province. The states of Washington and Oregon are to the west and Utah are to the south, Montana and Wyoming are to the east.
Idaho shares a short border with the Canadian province of British Columbia to the north. The landscape is rugged with some of the largest unspoiled natural areas in the United States. For example, at 2.3 million acres, the Frank Church-River of No Return Wilderness Area is the largest contiguous area of protected wilderness in the continental United States. Idaho is a Rocky Mountain state with scenic areas; the state has snow-capped mountain ranges, vast lakes and steep canyons. The waters of the Snake River rush through the deepest gorge in the United States. Shoshone Falls plunges down rugged cliffs from a height greater than Niagara Falls; the major rivers in Idaho are the Snake River, the Clark Fork/Pend Oreille River, the Clearwater River, the Salmon River. Other significant rivers include the Coeur d'Alene River, the Spokane River, the Boise River, the Payette River; the Salmon River empties into the Snake in Hells Canyon and forms the southern boundary of Nez Perce County on its north shore, of which Lewiston is the county seat.
The Port of Lewiston, at the confluence of the Clearwater and the Snake Rivers is the farthest inland seaport on the West Coast at 465 river miles from the Pacific at Astoria, Oregon. Idaho's highest point is 12,662 ft, in the Lost River Range north of Mackay. Idaho's lowest poi
Harrison is a city in Kootenai County, United States. The population was 203 at the 2010 census; the community was named for President Benjamin Harrison, due to a large wood mill and stop for mining boats coming off the nearby Coeur d'Alene River. Harrison was was once the largest city on Lake Coeur d'Alene. Harrison developed from a squatters homestead to a thriving village in about twelve years. A branch of the O. R. & N. Railroad from Tekoa, Washington, to Harrison was completed in 1890 and was a prime factor in the development of Harrison. In 1891, Silas W. Crane settled on a timbered tract which joins the present city on the south and east, he built the first house in Harrison which remained in the Crane family until 1936. The building is now used as the Crane House Museum; the same year Fred Grant purchased the Fisher Brothers Sawmill in St. Maries and moved it to Harrison. Known as Grants Mill, it had a capacity of 60 thousand feet per day. In 1892, S. W. Crane opened a general store; the first post office was established in 1893, the name was chosen and W.
E. Crane became the first postmaster. W. S. Bridgeman opened a Gen. Merc. In 1893, another general store was opened in 1894 by W. A. Reiniger; the first newspaper, The Signal, was established in 1895 it was known as the Mountain Messenger and in 1900 became known as The Searchlight. A paper with that name is still published annually by the Oldtime Picnic Committee. In 1895, a Methodist church was School District # 29 was formed; the first year of school was taught by Mr. Edelbute in the Methodist Church; the first school was erected in 1896 and by 1903 there were 59 students. The original townsite was in the form of a triangle and covered 23 acres; the Village of Harrison was incorporated on July 21, 1899. The first meeting of the Board of Trustees for the Village of Harrison was held July 24, 1899. George W. Thompson was elected chairman. In August 1905, a Spokane company was granted a franchise to put in a water system with a pumping plant at a cost of $20,000. An electric light plant was installed in 1901 by Kimmel Brothers at a cost of $8,000.
The following year came the telephone, connecting Harrison with points up the St. Joe and Coeur d’Alene rivers. Rocky Mountain Bell purchased the property that year and Harrison was connected to outside world; the next few years saw the opening of the First National Bank of Harrison, the Opera House, various drug, hardware, clothing & jewelry stores along with tailoring and shoemaker shops, restaurants, hotels and a hospital. For a time around the turn of the century, Harrison was the largest town in Kootenai County. Harrison's growth was a result of more sawmills & box factories. With the mills and woods jobs, approx. 280 men were employed with a combined monthly payroll around $25,000. Millions of board feet of timber were stored in the lake at Harrison. Lake Coeur d’Alene and the St. Joe and Coeur d’Alene rivers were the major transportation routes for timber coming out of the areas forests. In 1917, the Grant Lumber Company caught fire and the ensuing blaze consumed about half of the residential area of Harrison and about half of the business district.
Much of the town was never rebuilt. The easiest way to get to Harrison was by water; the OWR&N Company which absorbed the OR&N railroad, constructed a 600-passenger steamer called “The Harrison” for transportation. There were several other steamers such as the Georgie Oakes that carried pas-sengers and freight making the depot a popular place for area children. Passenger service was discontinued in the early 1920s but they continued to haul freight until 1932 when the line was abandoned. Many early day photos are on display at the Crane Historical Society Museum along with a lot of information about Harrison. Community spirit continues today with the Old Time Picnic, always held the last weekend in July. Harrison's trail head for the Trail of the Coeur d'Alenes rail trail is a welcome addition to the area and helps to keep the town "alive" during the off season of lake traffic; the Trail is 72 miles of easy riding and runs from Plummer to Mullan on the former right-of-way of the Union Pacific Railroad.
Harrison Community Baptist Church Our Lady of Perpetual Help Catholic Church Crane Historical Society Harrison Area Ball Fields Association Harrison Chamber of Commerce TOPS - Take Off Pounds Sensibly Harrison Grange #442 Old Time Picnic Committee Harrison is located at 47°26′59″N 116°46′50″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.76 square miles, of which 0.69 square miles is land and 0.07 square miles is water. Harrison is located 28 miles south of Interstate 90 on the Lake Coeur d'Alene Scenic Byway, Highway 97; the Coeur d'Alene River flows into Lake Coeur d'Alene on Harrison's northern edge. The lower reaches of the river's valley are filled with smaller lakes, as such water dominates much of the local geography; the Saint Joe Mountains of the Bitterroot Range rise high above the flat lakes around Harrison. As of the census of 2010, there were 203 people, 100 households, 54 families residing in the city; the population density was 294.2 inhabitants per square mile.
There were 165 housing units at an average density of 239.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 98.5% White and 1.5% Native American. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.0% of the population. There were 100 households of which 19.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.0% were married couples living together, 4.0% had a female householder with no husband present