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In Greek mythology, Coeus was one of the Titans, the giant sons and daughters of Uranus and Gaia. His equivalent in Latin poetry—though he scarcely makes an appearance in Roman mythology—was Polus, the embodiment of the celestial axis around which the heavens revolve. Like most of the Titans he played no active part in Greek religion—he appears only in lists of Titans—but was important for his descendants. With his sister, "shining" Phoebe, Coeus fathered Asteria. Leto bore Artemis and Apollo. Given that Phoebe symbolized prophetic wisdom just as Coeus represented rational intelligence, the couple may have functioned together as the primal font of all knowledge in the cosmos. Along with the other Titans, Coeus was overthrown by Zeus and the other Olympians in the Titanomachy. Afterwards, he and all his brothers were imprisoned in Tartarus by Zeus. Coeus overcome with madness, broke free from his bonds and attempted to escape his imprisonment, but was repelled by Cerberus. Anonymous, The Homeric Hymns and Homerica with an English Translation by Hugh G. Evelyn-White.

Homeric Hymns. Cambridge, MA. Harvard University Press. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website. Clement of Alexandria, Recognitions from Ante-Nicene Library Volume 8, translated by Smith, Rev. Thomas. T. & T. Clark, Edinburgh. 1867. Online version at Diodorus Siculus, The Library of History translated by Charles Henry Oldfather. Twelve volumes. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. Vol. 3. Books 4.59–8. Online version at Bill Thayer's Web Site Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca Historica. Vol 1-2. Immanel Bekker. Ludwig Dindorf. Friedrich Vogel. in aedibus B. G. Teubneri. Leipzig. 1888-1890. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library. Gaius Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica translated by Mozley, J H. Loeb Classical Library Volume 286. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press. Online version at Gaius Valerius Flaccus, Argonauticon. Otto Kramer. Leipzig. Teubner. 1913. Latin text available at the Perseus Digital Library.

Hesiod, Theogony from The Homeric Hymns and Homerica with an English Translation by Hugh G. Evelyn-White, Cambridge, MA. Harvard University Press. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website. Historiae Romanorum: Coeus Hyginus, Fabulae from The Myths of Hyginus translated and edited by Mary Grant. University of Kansas Publications in Humanistic Studies. Online version at the Topos Text Project. Pseudo-Apollodorus, The Library with an English Translation by Sir James George Frazer, F. B. A. F. R. S. in 2 Volumes, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website. Publius Ovidius Naso, Metamorphoses translated by Brookes More. Boston, Cornhill Publishing Co. 1922. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Publius Ovidius Naso, Metamorphoses. Hugo Magnus. Gotha. Friedr. Andr. Perthes. 1892. Latin text available at the Perseus Digital Library; the Hymns of Orpheus. Translated by Taylor, Thomas.

University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999. Online version at the Stewart, Michael. "People, Places & Things: Coeus", Greek Mythology: From the Iliad to the Fall of the Last Tyrant

Absolute horizon

In general relativity, an absolute horizon is a boundary in spacetime, defined with respect to the external universe, inside which events cannot affect an external observer. Light emitted inside the horizon can never reach the observer, anything that passes through the horizon from the observer's side is never seen again by the observer. An absolute horizon is thought of as the boundary of a black hole. In the context of black holes, the absolute horizon is exclusively referred to as an event horizon, though this is used as a more general term for all types of horizons; the absolute horizon is just one type of horizon. For example, important distinctions must be made between apparent horizons. An absolute horizon is only defined in an asymptotically flat spacetime – a spacetime which approaches flat space as one moves far away from any massive bodies. Examples of asymptotically flat spacetimes include Kerr black holes; the FRW universe –, believed to be a good model for our universe – is not asymptotically flat.

Nonetheless, we can think of an isolated object in an FRW universe as being nearly an isolated object in an asymptotically flat universe. The particular feature of asymptotic flatness, needed is a notion of "future null infinity"; this is the set of points which are approached asymptotically by null rays which can escape to infinity. This is the technical meaning of "external universe"; these points are only defined in an asymptotically flat universe. An absolute horizon is defined as the boundary of a region from which null rays cannot escape to future null infinity; the definition of an absolute horizon is sometimes referred to as teleological, meaning that it cannot be known where the absolute horizon is without knowing the entire evolution of the universe, including the future. This is both a disadvantage; the advantage is that this notion of a horizon is geometrical, does not depend on the observer, unlike apparent horizons, for example. The disadvantage is. In the case of numerical relativity, where a spacetime is being evolved into the future, only a finite portion of the spacetime can be known.

Cauchy horizon Cosmological horizon Ergosphere Killing horizon Naked singularity Particle horizon Photon sphere Reissner–Nordström solution Schwarzschild metric Kip Thorne. Black Holes and Time Warps. W. W. Norton; this is a popular book, aimed at the lay reader, containing good discussion of horizons and black holes


KNMD-TV is a World-affiliated station in Albuquerque, New Mexico, licensed to Santa Fe. It is the sister station of KNME-TV. KNMD broadcasts on displays as channel 9, its original channel position. KNMD's main channel is available statewide on Dish Network channel 9 and both digital channels are available on Comcast cable channels 204 and 205. KNMD began broadcasting in late 2004 at 200 watts on VHF channel 9, it was launched as an digital television station and is the first and only station in the Albuquerque market to have never broadcast in analog. Broadcasting at only 200 watts, KNMD's signal was sometimes hard to pick up in many areas without much pixelation and sound chops. KNMD is not licensed as a low powered TV station but used low power because of interference issues with KCHF which broadcasts its digital signal on channel 10 from a site near Los Alamos, New Mexico. KNMD filed an application with the FCC in 2009 to move transmission frequency to channel 8 and increase power to 5.14 kW in order to improve its signal quality and range.

They were granted a permit to make the changes in October 2009 and in late August 2010 the upgrades were completed improving the station's signal. The station's digital signal is multiplexed: For most of the broadcast day, KNMD's main HD channel runs programming from the "World" public television network which airs news and documentaries; some hours are programmed locally with re-airings of recent PBS primetime shows. Locally produced programs such as "New Mexico In Focus" are shown on KNMD. KNMD had aired the PBS Satellite Service on channel 9.1 but on January 28, 2009 had moved PBS World from 9.2 to 9.1 and launched the how-to programming channel Create on 9.2. KNME/KNMD website Query the FCC's TV station database for KNMD-TV BIAfn's Media Web Database -- Information on KNMD-TV

Jean Dornal de Guy

Jean Dornal de Guy was a French naval officer. In 1803, Commander Dornal de Guy was serving in the flotilla at the Camp de Boulogne. On 7 August, a British brig and a cutter anchored off Boulogne. Due to the tides, he couldn't set sail until 3:00 a.m. the next day. The British exchanged gun fire with the boats, before retreating. In 1805, de Guy captained the frigate Félicité, in the Brest squadron. In 1806, he ferried troops and ammunitions from Brest to San Domingo, where he arrived in time to take part in the Battle of San Domingo. Félicité was among the three French ships that survived the battle, she returned to Lorient on 26 March 1806. In 1807, Dornal de Guy was appointed captain of the Manche at Cherbourg. Along with the brig Cygne under Menouvrier Defresne, Manche had several encounters with HMS Uranie, under Captain Christopher Laroche. On 20 June, Uranie made a lukewarm attack on the brig; the incident led to the court-martial and eventual dismissal of Laroche. Manche captured the 16 gun brig-sloop HMS Seaflower on 27 September 1808 near Bengkulu.

In 1809, Manche was dispatched from Cherbourg to Port-Louis at Ile de France to replace the aging Sémillante, decommissioned and sold to Robert Surcouf. De Guy arrived on 6 March, after a one-month leave, Manche undertook her first cruise in the Mozambique Channel. Along with Vénus, she took part in the Action of 18 November 1809. Dornal de Guy returned to Ile de France after an eight-month patrol, along with Créole and two of the prizes. After the capture of Jacques Hamelin at the Action of 18 September 1810, Dornal de Guy became the senior naval officer of the French forces in the Indian Ocean. In November, seeing that the British forces received sustained reinforcements, he moored his ships and disembarked the crews to reinforce the garrison of Port Louis; the Invasion of Île de France occurred in November, the island surrendered the next month. Roche, Jean-Michel. Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours, 1671 - 1870. Group Retozel-Maury Millau. P. 344.

ISBN 978-2-9525917-0-6. OCLC 165892922. Fonds Marine. Campagnes. Inventaire de la sous-série Marine BB4. Tome premier: BB4 1 à 482 Troude, Onésime-Joachim. Batailles navales de la France. 3. Challamel ainé. pp. 160–162. Troude, Onésime-Joachim. Batailles navales de la France. 4. Challamel ainé. pp. 160–162. James, William; the Naval History of Great Britain, Volume 1, 1793–1796. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-905-0. OCLC 165702223

Daimler Trucks North America

Daimler Trucks North America LLC Freightliner Corporation, is an automotive industry manufacturer of commercial vehicles headquartered in Portland, is a wholly owned subsidiary of the German Daimler AG. Alliance Parts Detroit Diesel Freightliner Trucks Freightliner Custom Chassis Corporation Freightliner SelecTrucks Thomas Built Buses Western Star Trucks Demand Detroit Sterling Trucks 1896- Gottlieb Daimler creates the first truck. 1923- First diesel truck: Benz 1926- Daimler and Benz merge. 1942- Leland James founds the Freightliner Corporation. 1947- Freightliner opens its first truck plant in Portland, Oregon. 1950- Hyster Company is the first private carrier to order a Freightliner truck. 1951- Freightliner signs agreement to retail trucks through White Motor Corporation dealerships. 1967- Western Star founded by White Motor Corporation. 1976- Freightliner opens new corporate headquarters in Portland and sets up regional sales offices. 1977- Freightliner launches an independent network of dealerships and ends its agreement with White Motor Corporation.

1981- Daimler-Benz AG purchases Freightliner Corporation from Consolidated Freightways. 1992- Production starts at Freightliner's new truck plant in St. Thomas, Ontario Canada 1995- Freightliner launches Freightliner Custom Chassis Corporation and acquires American LaFrance. 1997- Freightliner acquires Ford Motor Company's heavy-truck business and names it "Sterling." Freightliner launches SelecTrucks. 1998- Freightliner acquires Thomas Built Buses. Daimler-Benz and Chrysler merge. 1999- The one-millionth Freightliner truck is built. 2000- Freightliner acquires Western Star Trucks. DaimlerChrysler buys Detroit Diesel Corporation. 2002- Freightliner starts production of the Coronado and launches the Business Class® M2 series. Western Star launches the 4900EX, The low cab height makes it popular with auto-haulers and owner-operators. Western Star production moves to Portland. 2003- Thomas Built Buses debuts the Saf-T-Liner C2, a revolutionary school bus design. Sterling Trucks earns the JD Powers award for Highest Customer Satisfaction in 2003.

2004- Freightliner opens its high-tech wind tunnel center in Portland, Oregon. FCCC introduces the hybrid electric walk-in van chassis. 2005- Opening of a high-tech cold chamber in Portland, Oregon. 2006- Launch of RPM, an industry-leading prospecting tool, allowing FTL, STL, WST dealers to target new truck buyers. 2007- Daimler and Chrysler split. The new Daimler AG is founded. Freightliner LLC is renamed Daimler Trucks North America. Freightliner launches its new flagship – the Cascadia. Sterling Trucks earns the JD Powers award for Highest Customer Satisfaction in 2007. Detroit Diesel starts production of the new heavy-duty engine – the DD15. Saltillo, Mexico plant opens. 2008- Parts of the company's operations are moved to Fort Mill, SC. Freightliner LLC becomes Daimler Trucks North America, LLC. Detroit Diesel adopts Daimler-proven BlueTec system for all heavy-duty EPA 2010 engines. Detroit Diesel Corporation Launch of the DD15 World Engine in Redford. 2009- Freightliner Trucks introduces the new Coronado for on-highway and Coronado SD for vocational applications.

Freightliner Trucks earns the JD Powers award for Highest Customer Satisfaction in the Vocational Segment. Western Star launches three-axle 6900XD 40-ton dump truck, designed for speed and outstanding fuel efficiency. TBB introduces hybrid electric C2 school bus; the Sterling brand retires 2010- Together, Diesel Direct and Freightliner Trucks develop the first diesel electric hybrid fuel truck. Detroit Diesel invests an additional $190 million in Redford Plant and signs new 6 year UAW Labor Contract. Detroit Diesel was recognized for Achievement in Energy Efficiency. Within one year, energy intensity was reduced by 17%. FCCC achieves zero-waste-to-landfill status. 2011- Freightliner Trucks Introduces New Severe Duty Family of Trucks, which includes the new 114 SD and 108 SD. Western Star, re-launches the 4800 with twin-steer axle option. Western Star launches the 4700 to meet the demanding needs of vocational applications. FCCC introduces the all-electric walk-in van chassis. TBB achieves zero-waste-to-landfill status.

2012- Freightliner celebrates 70th Anniversary. Freightliner's new Cascadia Evolution, with the Detroit DD15 engine, achieves up to 7% increase in fuel efficiency over the previous model. Freightliner introduces the Revolution Innovation Truck – a new concept in crossover cab design, modern styling and aerodynamic engineering. Freightliner Vocational makes Class 7 market share leader. Western Star celebrates 45th Anniversary. Western Star launches 4900SB FE package with Detroit DD15 engine, aerodynamic features and lightweight options improve fuel economy. Western Star announces new 4700 Tractor. Detroit produces100,000th DD platform engine. Launch of the Detroit brand for engines, Virtual Technician and DT12. Freightliner Trucks wins three heavy-duty JD Power awards: Vocational, On-Highway, Heavy-Duty Engine 2013- Detroit celebrates 75th Anniversary. 2014- Western Star introduces "The 5700" on-highway tractor with product placement in the latest Transformers movie "Age of Extinction" as the heroic lead character, Optimus Prime.

Freightliner Custom Chassis Corporation launches UltraSteer passive rear steer axles for recreational vehicles to improve maneuverability and extend tire life. 2015- DTNA completes its SuperTruck program after achieving 115% freight efficiency improvement and 12.2 MPG during final testing as part of a U. S. Dept. of Energy research program. Detroit Assur

Nancy Wexler

Nancy Wexler FRCP is an American geneticist and the Higgins Professor of Neuropsychology in the Departments of Neurology and Psychiatry of the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, best known for her involvement in the discovery of the location of the gene that causes Huntington's disease. She earned a Ph. D. in clinical psychology but instead chose to work in the field of genetics. The daughter of a Huntington's patient, she led a research team into a remote part of Venezuela where the disease is prevalent, she visited the villages of Laguneta, San Luis, Barranquitas. She obtained samples of DNA from a large family with a majority of the members having Huntington's disease; the samples her team collected were instrumental in allowing a global collaborative research group to locate the gene that causes the disease. Wexler participated in the successful effort to create a chromosomal test to identify carriers of Huntington's Disease. Wexler's father was a psychoanalyst and clinical psychologist, her mother was a geneticist.

Wexler studied for her A. B. in psychology at Radcliffe College, graduating in 1967. She earned a PhD in clinical psychology from the University of Michigan in 1974. While studying for her A. B. she was required to take an introductory biology course, which constitutes " only formal education in biology". In 1968 her father started the Hereditary Diseases Foundation, which introduced her to scientists such as geneticists and molecular biologists. Along with textbooks and lectures she attends, the scientists "have been teachers since then." In 1976 the U. S. Congress formed the Commission for the Control of Huntington's Disease, as part of their work and the team travelled to Barranquitas and Lagunetas, two settlements on Lake Maracaibo, where villagers had a high occurrence of Huntington's. Starting in 1979, the team conducted a twenty-year-long study in which they collected over 4,000 blood samples and documented 18,000 different individuals to work out a common pedigree; the discovery that the gene was on the tip of chromosome 4 led to the development of a test for the disease.

For her work, she has been awarded the Mary Woodard Lasker Award for Public Service, the Benjamin Franklin Medal in Life Science, honorary doctorates from New York Medical College, the University of Michigan, Bard College and Yale University. She is a fellow of an independent bioethics research institution. Nancy Wexler was born July 19, 1945, in Washington, D. C. and grew up in Kansas. Wexler is a geneticist and the Higgins Professor of Neuropsychology at Columbia University, best known for her discovery of the location of the gene that causes Huntington's disease. Despite having an A. B. and PhD in clinical psychology, Wexler instead chose to work in genetics. She is the daughter and niece of Huntington's disease sufferers, was part of a team in Venezuela who located the gene that causes it and created a chromosomal test to identify carriers, her sister, Alice Wexler is three years older, has her PhD in History and contributed to the field of Huntington's. Nancy Wexler and the rest of the Wexler family feature prominently in Alice's book, Mapping Fate -A Memoir of Family and Genetic Research that describes how the Wexlers coped with an affected mother while trying to spearhead HD research.

Alice Wexler is now working on a new book on the social history of HD. Wexler's father, Dr. Milton Wexler, was a psychoanalyst and clinical psychologist, her mother was a geneticist who taught biology before her children were born. Both parents taught the girls different areas of science, including the environment, nature and astronomy. Wexler's grandfather died when her mother, was only 15 years old. Leonore looked up HD at the library and read that it was “a fatal, inherited disease only affecting men.” Leonore's three brothers, Seymour and Jesse Sabin, all suffered from HD and died within four years of each other. The diagnosis was kept a secret from the rest of the family for many years; the uncles were called "nervous," instead of ill. When Leonore started showing symptoms of HD, her ex-husband, kept the diagnosis from her for about a year, she still thought. When they told her she had HD, Nancy said, “Her mother did not protest, it seemed as if Leonore, knowing her family history, had understood the truth all along.”Wexler thought at an early age she would want to know as much as possible about the disease.

Nancy Wexler attended many workshops including her own. She was most impressed by the workshop of George Hunting, a film showing Huntington disease patients as a part of a community near Lake Maracaibo in comparison to most U. S patients confined to nursing homes. Years Nancy became involved in the Venezuela research. From 1963, Wexler studied for her A. B. in psychology at Radcliffe College, graduating in 1967. She gained a PhD in clinical psychology from the University of Michigan in 1974. While studying for her A. B. she was required to take an introductory biology course, which constitutes " only formal education in biology." In 1968 her father started the Hereditary Disease Foundation, which introduced her to scientists such as geneticists and molecular biologists. Along with textbooks and lectures she attends, the scientists "have been teachers since then." Nancy and Alice both became involved in the foundation and both became trustees. Nancy is now President of the foundation; the group raises funds for research on HD and related inherited diseases.

They sponsor interdisciplinary workshops for scientists who work on HD an