Warren County, Tennessee
Warren County is a county located in the central part of the U. S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 39,839, its county seat is McMinnville. Warren County comprises TN Micropolitan Statistical Area. Warren County was created in 1807 from a portion of White County, named for Joseph Warren, a soldier in the American Revolution; the revised Tennessee State Constitution of 1834 stated that no new county could be within 12 miles of the county seat of the county from which it was formed. The boundaries of five counties formed from Warren— Grundy, Van Buren, Coffee and DeKalb— were 12 miles from Warren's county seat, McMinnville, giving the county its distinctive round shape. Warren County citizens voted to secede from the Union before the American Civil War in February 1861 in a State referendum. However, Tennessee overall decided to remain in the Union in that time, but when Abraham Lincoln demanded that Tennessee provide troops to fight against the Southern state in April 1861, this was viewed as a violation of Article 3, Section 3 of the U.
S. Constitution. At a new referendum in June, 1861, Warren County, along with a majority of Tennessee's counties, voted for independence. Unlike some states, slavery was not mentioned as one of the reasons in Tennessee's secession proclamation. Men from Warren County and surrounding upper Cumberland region formed and served in many units in Tennessee's defense, including the 16th Tennessee Infantry led by McMinnville, TN resident Col. John Houston Savage; the Confederate monument next to the county courthouse is dedicated in the memory of the men who served and died in the 16th and lists their names. Men from Warren County and upper Cumberland area joined the 16th TN Infantry Regiment, among others; this is the flag of the 16th H Company. The flag now resides in the Texas'Civil War' Museum in Fort Worth TX. http://home.freeuk.com/gazkhan/tenn_battle-flags_h-company.htm. Warren County was the site of several saltpeter mines. Saltpeter is the main ingredient of gunpowder and was obtained by leaching the earth from several local caves.
Hubbards Cave, near Camp Woodlee, was a major operation. Henshaw Cave on Cardwell Mountain and Solomon Saltpeter Cave on Ben Lomond Mountain were small mining operations. Most saltpeter mining occurred in the Civil War. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 434 square miles, of which 433 square miles is land and 1.4 square miles is water. The county lies long the Eastern Highland Rim, near the Cumberland Plateau; the Caney Fork forms part of the county's borders with DeKalb counties to the north. The Rocky River, a tributary of the Caney Fork, forms part of the county's western border with Van Buren County; the Collins River a tributary of the Caney Fork, flows through the county, the Barren Fork, a tributary of the Collins, flows through McMinnville. Cardwell Mountain is an imposing natural feature located five miles due east of McMinnville, it is an erosional remnant of the nearby Cumberland Plateau. Cardwell Mountain is noted for Cumberland Caverns, an exceptionally long cave which lies underneath the mountain.
DeKalb County White County Van Buren County Sequatchie County Grundy County Coffee County Cannon County U. S. Route 70S State Route 8 State Route 30 State Route 55 State Route 56 State Route 108 State Route 136 Hubbard's Cave State Natural Area Morrison Meadow State Natural Area Rock Island State Park As of the census of 2000, there were 38,276 people, 15,181 households, 10,824 families residing in the county; the population density was 88 people per square mile. There were 16,689 housing units at an average density of 39 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 91.66% White, 3.16% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 3.56% from other races, 0.94% from two or more races. 4.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 15,181 households out of which 31.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.20% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.70% were non-families.
25.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.93. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.20% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 29.40% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $30,920, the median income for a family was $37,835. Males had a median income of $28,409 versus $20,863 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,759. About 13.00% of families and 16.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.40% of those under age 18 and 17.20% of those age 65 or over. Rock Island State Park is located on the northeastern border with White County; this park is the site of the Tennessee Valley Authority's Great Falls Dam, includes many hiking trails, offers whitewater rafting.
Cumberland Caverns, located east of McMinnville under Cardwell Mountain, is Tennessee's largest show cave. It is the second longest mapped cave in Tennessee with 27.6 miles of passages, displays some of the largest cave rooms in eastern North America. Cumberland Caverns is the 15th longest cave in the United States. H
U.S. Route 41 in Tennessee
U. S. Route 41 is a United States Numbered Highway that runs from Miami, Florida, to Copper Harbor, Michigan. In Tennessee, the highway is paralleled by Interstate 24 all the way from Georgia to Kentucky, I-24 has supplanted US-41 as a major highway for large and heavy vehicles, such as tractor-trailer trucks and buses. US 41, joined by US 76, enters Tennessee east of I-75 on the outskirts of East Ridge, it is called "Ringgold Road" through East Ridge up to the Bachman Tunnel, where it enters Chattanooga. In Chattanooga, US 41 and US 76 becomes Westside Drive up to the intersection with Dodds Avenue, where for a short distance it is coexistent with Dodds Avenue. US 41 and US 76 becomes East Main Street in downtown Chattanooga up to the intersection with Broad Street. At that point US 76 terminates, US 72 begins, the now-conjoined US 41 and US 72 merges with US 11 and US 64, trekking southwestward around the base of Lookout Mountain into the Tiftonia community. Just west of Tiftonia, US 11 splits off, it veers southwestward into Georgia.
US 41, US 64, US 72 take a westward path from Hamilton County into Marion County. US 41 breaks off from US 64 and US 72 at Jasper and joins with SR 150 before ascending the Cumberland Plateau. US 41 joins with SR 56 at Tracy City and runs southwest into Monteagle. In Monteagle, US 41 descends toward Manchester, with US 41A breaking off toward Franklin County, travelling through Winchester, Tullahoma and other small communities before becoming merging with US 31A and becoming Nolensville Pike in Nashville. After reaching Monteagle, US 41, included as part of the older Dixie Highway, continues northwest into Pelham, in Grundy County runs parallel with I-24 into Coffee County, going through Hillsboro and Beechgrove, before entering Rutherford County. From there, the highway continues diagonally through Murfreesboro, where the Dixie Highway joins up with US 70S; the Stones River National Battlefield is located near US 41 and US 70S on the northwest side, standing as a monument of the Battle of Stones River which took place during the American Civil War.
US 41/70S continues northwest through Smyrna, LaVergne before reaching Davidson County. The road passes through Antioch, before reaching Nashville, where US 41 separates from US 70S. US 41 goes through Nashville as Murfreesboro Rd Dickerson Pike, comes out on the northeast side of the city joined with US 31W. US 41 continues northeast through Goodlettsville before breaking away from US 31W. US 41 goes northwest and continues on into Robertson County, going through Springfield before heading west/northwest to the Kentucky border. Just before reaching Kentucky, US 41 runs through Montgomery County. Media related to U. S. Route 41 in Tennessee at Wikimedia Commons
United States Air Force
The United States Air Force is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces. It is one of the five branches of the United States Armed Forces, one of the seven American uniformed services. Formed as a part of the United States Army on 1 August 1907, the USAF was established as a separate branch of the U. S. Armed Forces on 18 September 1947 with the passing of the National Security Act of 1947, it is the youngest branch of the U. S. Armed Forces, the fourth in order of precedence; the USAF is the largest and most technologically advanced air force in the world. The Air Force articulates its core missions as air and space superiority, global integrated intelligence and reconnaissance, rapid global mobility, global strike, command and control; the U. S. Air Force is a military service branch organized within the Department of the Air Force, one of the three military departments of the Department of Defense; the Air Force, through the Department of the Air Force, is headed by the civilian Secretary of the Air Force, who reports to the Secretary of Defense, is appointed by the President with Senate confirmation.
The highest-ranking military officer in the Air Force is the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, who exercises supervision over Air Force units and serves as one of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Air Force components are assigned, as directed by the Secretary of Defense, to the combatant commands, neither the Secretary of the Air Force nor the Chief of Staff of the Air Force have operational command authority over them. Along with conducting independent air and space operations, the U. S. Air Force provides air support for land and naval forces and aids in the recovery of troops in the field; as of 2017, the service operates more than 5,369 military aircraft, 406 ICBMs and 170 military satellites. It has a $161 billion budget and is the second largest service branch, with 318,415 active duty airmen, 140,169 civilian personnel, 69,200 reserve airmen, 105,700 Air National Guard airmen. According to the National Security Act of 1947, which created the USAF: In general, the United States Air Force shall include aviation forces both combat and service not otherwise assigned.
It shall be organized and equipped for prompt and sustained offensive and defensive air operations. The Air Force shall be responsible for the preparation of the air forces necessary for the effective prosecution of war except as otherwise assigned and, in accordance with integrated joint mobilization plans, for the expansion of the peacetime components of the Air Force to meet the needs of war. §8062 of Title 10 US Code defines the purpose of the USAF as: to preserve the peace and security, provide for the defense, of the United States, the Territories and possessions, any areas occupied by the United States. The stated mission of the USAF today is to "fly and win...in air and cyberspace". "The United States Air Force will be a trusted and reliable joint partner with our sister services known for integrity in all of our activities, including supporting the joint mission first and foremost. We will provide compelling air and cyber capabilities for use by the combatant commanders. We will excel as stewards of all Air Force resources in service to the American people, while providing precise and reliable Global Vigilance and Power for the nation".
The five core missions of the Air Force have not changed since the Air Force became independent in 1947, but they have evolved, are now articulated as air and space superiority, global integrated intelligence and reconnaissance, rapid global mobility, global strike, command and control. The purpose of all of these core missions is to provide, what the Air Force states as, global vigilance, global reach, global power. Air superiority is "that degree of dominance in the air battle of one force over another which permits the conduct of operations by the former and its related land, sea and special operations forces at a given time and place without prohibitive interference by the opposing force". Offensive Counterair is defined as "offensive operations to destroy, disrupt, or neutralize enemy aircraft, launch platforms, their supporting structures and systems both before and after launch, but as close to their source as possible". OCA is the preferred method of countering air and missile threats since it attempts to defeat the enemy closer to its source and enjoys the initiative.
OCA comprises attack operations, sweep and suppression/destruction of enemy air defense. Defensive Counter air is defined as "all the defensive measures designed to detect, identify and destroy or negate enemy forces attempting to penetrate or attack through friendly airspace". A major goal of DCA operations, in concert with OCA operations, is to provide an area from which forces can operate, secure from air and missile threats; the DCA mission comprises both passive defense measures. Active defense is "the employment of limited offensive action and counterattacks to deny a contested area or position to the enemy", it includes both ballistic missile defense and air-breathing threat defense, encompasses point defense, area defense, high-value airborne asset defense. Passive defense is "measures taken to reduce the probability of and to minimize the effects of damage caused by hostile action without the intention of taking the initiative", it includes warning.
John R. Coffee was an American planter and state militia general in Tennessee, he commanded troops under General Andrew Jackson during the Creek Wars and during the Battle of New Orleans in the War of 1812. During his presidency, Jackson appointed Coffee as his representative, along with Secretary of War John Eaton, to negotiate treaties with Southeast American Indian tribes to accomplish removal, a policy authorized by Congressional passage of the Indian Removal Act of 1830. Coffee negotiated the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek of 1830 with the Choctaw by which they ceded their lands, started negotiations with the Chickasaw, but they did not conclude a treaty until after his death. Born in Prince Edward County, Coffee was the son of Lieutenant Joshua Coffee and Elizabeth Graves, his grandfather, Peter Coffee, Sr. was Irish and was born around 1705. In 1730 he was released from the Old Bailey and "transported" to Virginia where he labored as an indentured servant in the tobacco fields for 14 years, gaining his freedom in 1744.
John Coffee married Mary Donelson, the daughter of Captain John Donelson III and Mary Purnell, on October 3, 1809. A paternal aunt of Mrs. Coffee was Rachel Donelson Robards. Coffee and Jackson were in business together. Before John Coffee's marriage, Jackson sold his partnership in their joint merchandising business to Coffee, taking promissory notes for the sale. After the wedding, Jackson gave Coffee the notes as his wedding present to the couple. Coffee was a land speculator, he was considered to be the least selfish of Jackson's lifelong friends. Described as a big awkward man, careless of dress, slow of speech, Coffee was said to be kindly and wise. In early 1806, Coffee challenged Nathaniel A. McNairy to a duel for publishing derogatory statements about Jackson; the duel took place on March 1806, over the Tennessee line in Kentucky. McNairy unintentionally fired before the "word". In return, McNairy offered to give Coffee an extra shot; the weapons used in this duel were used in the Jackson-Dickinson duel on May 30, 1806.
At the beginning of the War of 1812, Coffee raised the 2nd Regiment of Volunteer Mounted Riflemen, composed of Tennessee militiamen. In December 1812, Governor Willie Blount had called out the Tennessee militia in response to a request from General James Wilkinson and the U. S. Secretary of War. Under Jackson's command, Coffee led 600 men in January 1813 to Natchez, Mississippi Territory, via the Natchez Trace, in advance of the rest of the rest of the troops, who traveled via flatboats on the major rivers. After the two groups reunited in Natchez and the U. S. government disbanded Jackson's troops. All marched back to Nashville to disband, on this march Jackson earned the nickname Old Hickory from his troops, they arrived in Nashville on May 18, 1813. On September 4, 1813, Coffee was involved in the Andrew Jackson–Benton brothers duel in Nashville, knocking Thomas Benton down a flight of stairs after Benton's failed assassination attempt on Jackson. In October 1813, the 2nd Regiment was combined with Colonel Cannon's Mounted Regiment and the 1st Regiment of Volunteer Mounted Gunmen to form a militia brigade of mounted infantry.
Coffee was placed in command. Coffee led his brigade, which included free blacks and Native American warriors from allied Southeast tribes, at the 1814-15 Battle of New Orleans, they played a key role in holding the woods to the east of the British column. Coffee's brigade was the first to engage the British, by firing from behind brush. Jackson chose General Coffee as his advance commander in the Creek War, during which he commanded state militia and allied Native Americans. Under Jackson, Coffee led his brigade at the Battle of Tallushatchee, the Battle of Talladega, the Battles of Emuckfaw and Enotachopo Creek, where he was wounded. At the latter, the allied forces conclusively defeated the Red Sticks, traditionalists of the Creek Nation who were allied with the British. After the war and some failed investments, Coffee began work as a surveyor. In 1816 he surveyed the boundary line between Mississippi Territory, he moved to a place near Florence, Alabama. His friend and former business partner Jackson was elected President.
Jackson worked toward removal of Southeast Native American tribes to lands west of the Mississippi River. He appointed Coffee as his representative, along with Secretary of War John Eaton, to negotiate treaties which would accomplish removal, a policy authorized by Congressional passage of the Indian Removal Act of 1830. Coffee negotiated the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek of 1830 with the Choctaw by which they ceded their Southeastern lands. Coffee started negotiations with the Chickasaw, but the U. S. did not conclude a treaty with these people until after his death. Coffee died in Florence on July 7, 1833, at age 61. Coffee County, Coffee County and the towns of Coffeeville, Coffee Springs, Coffeeville and Fort Coffee, are named in his honor. Researchers confuse General John Coffee with his first cousin John E. Coffee, a general in the Georgia militia and elected as a U. S. Congressman there. General Coffee is sometimes referred to as John R. Coffee; some researchers have attempted to document the use of this middle initial in original sources.
Franklin County, Tennessee
Franklin County is a county located in the U. S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 41,052, its county seat is Winchester. Franklin County is part of TN Micropolitan Statistical Area. American settlement began around 1800, the county was formally organized in 1807 and named for Benjamin Franklin. During the next several decades, the size of the county was reduced several times by reorganizations which created the neighboring counties of Coffee County, Moore County, Grundy County. One of the most notable early settlers was frontiersman Davy Crockett, who came about 1812 but is not thought to have remained long; the University of the South, founded by the Episcopal Church, was organized just before the Civil War. It began full operations shortly, it encompasses theological seminary. The University of Tennessee Space Institute is located in the county; the area became secessionist before the war. Franklin County formally threatened to secede from Tennessee and join Alabama if Tennessee did not leave the union, which it shortly did.
This contrasted with the situation in nearby Winston County, pro-Union and considered seceding from Alabama. During 1863, the Army of Tennessee retreated through the county, leaving it in Union control thereafter. Isham G. Harris, the Confederate governor of Tennessee, was from Franklin County. After having political rights restored after the war, he was elected to represent the state in the United States Senate. During the temperance agitations of the late 19th century, residents discovered that by a quirk of state law, liquor could be sold only in incorporated towns; as a consequence, all of the county's towns abolished their charters in order to prohibit liquor sales. In the 20th century, Franklin County benefited from the flood control and power generation activities of the Tennessee Valley Authority, built by the President Franklin D. Roosevelt administration during the Great Depression; the TVA helped bring new industry to the area. It created opportunities for water recreation by making new lakes, but many county residents were displaced from their homes in the massive public works project.
The establishment of the federal Arnold Engineering Development Center, which lies in the county helped spur economic growth and technical development. Although the interstate highway system touched the county, it did provide valuable access via Interstate 24 to nearby Chattanooga. Two notable figures who were born in the county early in the twentieth century were singer/entertainer Dinah Shore and entrepreneur/philanthropist John Templeton, he became a British subject and was awarded a knighthood. During the last decades of the 19th and the first of the 20th, like other southern states, passed laws and constitutional amendments establishing Jim Crow: racial segregation in public facilities, restrictions of voting for blacks, similar measures. There were few violent disturbances compared to many localities, but it was not until the mid-1960s, a decade after the historic Brown v. Board of Education court decision, that the county's schools were desegregated in 1964 after a lawsuit was won in Sewanee, Tennessee.
Considerable industrial growth occurred in the county in the last decades of the 20th century, including the construction of a large automobile engine plant by the Nissan corporation in Decherd. An emphasis on tourism developed, based on Civil War history and local scenic attractions such as the dogwood forests, for which an annual festival is held. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 576 square miles, of which 555 square miles is land and 21 square miles is water. Franklin abuts the Alabama border, it has a varied geography, extending from the southeast corner of the Nashville Basin over the Highland Rim and up onto the Cumberland Plateau, for a difference in elevation of about 1,300 feet. The county is well watered and forested, except for the steeper areas of the plateau is well suited for agriculture, having a long growing season and mild winters. Sewanee Natural Bridge is a 25 feet high natural sandstone arch with a span of 50 feet. Lost Cove Cave, located near Sherwood, is in the Carter State Natural Area.
One of its entrances is known as the Buggytop Cave Entrance and another entrance is known as the Peter Cave Entrance. The Buggytop Entrance is 100 feet wide and 80 feet high and opens at the base of an overhanging bluff 150 feet high; the cave stream drops 40 feet in less than 100 yards. Coffee County Grundy County Marion County Jackson County, Alabama Madison County, Alabama Lincoln County Moore County Bear Hollow Wildlife Management Area Carter State Natural Area Franklin State Forest Hawkins Cove State Natural Area Mingo Swamp Wildlife Management Area Natural Bridge State Natural Area Owl Hollow Mill Wildlife Management Area South Cumberland State Park Tims Ford State Park Walls of Jericho State Natural Area Tims Ford Lake Woods Reservoir As of the census of 2000, there were 39,270 people, 15,003 households, 11,162 families residing in the county; the population density was 71 inhabitants per square mile. There were 16,813 housing units at an average density of 30 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 92.20% White or European American, 5.49% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.60% from other races, 1.06% from two or more r
1930 United States Census
The Fifteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census. The 1930 Census collected the following information: address name relationship to head of family home owned or rented if owned, value of home if rented, monthly rent whether owned a radio set whether on a farm sex race age marital status and, if married, age at first marriage school attendance literacy birthplace of person, their parents if foreign born: language spoken at home before coming to the U. S. year of immigration whether naturalized ability to speak English occupation and class of worker whether at work previous day veteran status if Indian: whether of full or mixed blood tribal affiliationFull documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949. The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, digital indices. Microdata from the 1930 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1930 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com 1931 U. S Census Report Contains 1930 Census results Historic US Census data 1930Census.com: 1930 United States Census for Genealogy & Family History Research 1930 Interactive US Census Find stories and more attached to names on the 1930 US census
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c