The half eagle is a United States coin, produced for circulation from 1795 to 1929 and in commemorative and bullion coins since the 1980s. Composed entirely of gold, it has a face value of five dollars, its production was authorized by The Act of April 2, 1792, it was the first gold coin minted by the United States. The design and composition of the half eagle changed many times over the years, but it was designed by Robert Scot. At this time the coin contained.0833 copper and silver. It had a diameter of 25 mm, a weight of 8.75 grams, a reeded edge. The obverse design, or "Turban Head", depicted a capped portrait of Liberty facing to the right; the reverse depicted a small eagle. This type was produced from 1795 to 1798. Another type was minted that depicted a larger heraldic eagle on the reverse with the inscription "E PLURIBUS UNUM"; this type was produced through 1807. From 1807 to 1812, a new type designed by John Reich was produced, the "Draped Bust", featuring a round-capped Liberty facing left on the obverse and a modified eagle on the reverse.
For the first time, the value "5 D." was placed on the reverse of the coin to indicate its value. In 1813 a modified version of the Draped Bust was introduced, removing much of the bustline and giving Liberty an overall larger appearance; this design which would last through 1834. Another modification occurred in 1829 when the diameter of the coin was reduced to 23.8 mm, although the overall design remained unchanged. By 1834, the gold in the half eagle had been worth more than its face value for several years; the Act of June 28, 1834 called for a reduction in the gold used. The weight of the coin was reduced to 8.36 grams, the diameter reduced to 22.5 mm, the composition changed to.8992 gold and.1008 silver and copper. A new obverse, the "Classic Head", was created by William Kneass for the altered coin; the reverse still depicted the modified eagle introduced in 1813, but "E PLURIBUS UNUM" was removed to distinguish further the new composition. In 1837, the gold content of this type was increased to.900 in accordance with the Act of January 18, 1837.
In 1839 the coin was redesigned again. The new obverse was designed by Christian Gobrecht and is known as the "Liberty Head or "Coronet head"; the reverse design remained the same, although the value was changed from "5 D." to "Five D.". For those struck at the Philadelphia Mint, there was no longer any silver in the coin - its composition was now.900 gold and.100 copper. However, gold ore used at the southern branch mints of Charlotte and Dahlonega had a high natural silver content, many of these coins contained up to five percent silver, giving them a distinct so-called "green gold" color, its weight was the same, 8.359 grams, but the diameter was reduced one final time, to 21.6 mm, in 1840, for a gold content of 0.242 Troy Oz. This design was used for nearly 70 years, from 1839 to 1908, with a modest change in 1866, when "In God We Trust" was placed on the reverse above the eagle; the Liberty Head half eagle holds the distinction of being the only coin of a single design to be minted at seven U.
S. Mints: Philadelphia, Charlotte, New Orleans, San Francisco, Carson City, Denver. Common date Liberty Half Eagles in circulated grades are worth about $330 as of December 2017. Scarcer dates and coins of higher grades can be worth much more, all Charlotte, Carson City and Dahlonega pieces are scarce and valuable. In 1908, the final type, designed by Bela Lyon Pratt, was first produced; the composition and diameter of the coin remained unchanged, but both the obverse and reverse were drastically altered. The new design matched the new quarter eagle design of the same date; these two series are unique in United States coinage because the design and inscriptions are stamped in incuse, rather than being raised from the surface, meaning that the flat surfaces are the highest points of the coin. The obverse depicted an Indian head wearing a feathered headdress; the reverse depicted a perched eagle with the inscriptions "E PLURIBUS UNUM" and "IN GOD WE TRUST". Production of the half eagle was suspended during World War I and not resumed until 1929, the final year of issue.
Due to higher demand common date Indian Head half eagles tend to be worth more than common date Liberty Head half eagles. The $5 denomination has the distinction of being the only denomination for which coins were minted at eight US mints. Prior to 1838 all half eagles were minted in Philadelphia because there were no other operating mints. In 1838, the Charlotte Mint and the Dahlonega Mint produced half eagles of the Coronet type in their first years of operation, would continue to mint half eagles until 1861, their last year of operation; the New Orleans Mint minted half eagles from 1840 to 1861. The San Francisco Mint first produced half eagles in 1854, its first year of operation, as did Carson City in 1870, Denver in 1906. Although circulating half eagle production was discontinued in 1929, half eagle commemorative and $5 denominated bullion coins were minted at West Point starting in the late twentieth century. Proof coins were produced at Philadelphia from 1859 on. Turban Head 1795–1807 Turban Head, Small Eagle 1795–1798 Turban Head, Large Eagle 1795–1807 Draped Bust 1807–1812 Capped Head 1813–1834 Classic Head 1834–1838 Liberty Head 1839–1907 Coronet, without motto 1839–1866 Coronet, with motto 1866–1908 Indian Head 1908–1916, 1929 A Guide Book of United States Coins by R.
S. Yeoman ed. Kenneth Bressett, 2003 Complete U. S. Coin History United States Department of the Treasury: "Half eagle" references "Rare Half Eagle" (Profe
The quarter eagle was a gold coin issued by the United States with a denomination of two hundred and fifty cents, or two dollars and fifty cents. It was given its name as a derivation from the US ten-dollar eagle coin, its purchasing power in 1800 would be equivalent to $71.12 in 2015 dollars. Designed by Robert Scot, the quarter eagle denomination was struck at the main mint at Philadelphia, branch mints in Charlotte, New Orleans, Denver; the first issues weighed 67.5 grains, fineness.9167, until the weight was modified to 64.5 grains and the fineness changed to.8992 by the Act of June 28, 1834. The Act of January 18, 1837 established a fineness of.900. This means that 1837 and quarter eagles contain 0.121 Troy Oz. of gold content. As fewer coins were struck prior to 1834, combined with their higher gold content, all of the early issues range from scarce to rare; the first issues were struck in 1796. Any proof date prior to 1856 is rare, will command a premium in any condition; the quarter eagle denomination was discontinued in 1933 with the removal of the United States from the Gold Standard, although the last date of issue was 1929.
Known as the "Turban Head", this interpretation of Liberty wearing a turban-like cap was designed by Robert Scot and was minted from 1796 to 1807. There were three varieties of this design. First came the Capped Bust facing right variety. There were two variations of this design, no stars on the obverse, stars on the obverse. The'no stars' variety was produced only in 1796, replaced with the stars. In 1808, Liberty was redesigned by John Reich, to be wearing more of a traditional cap rather than a turban; this design was minted for 1808 only, but in 1821 the mint reinstated the quarter eagle and it was produced again until 1827 scaled down to 18.5 millimeters from the original 20. In 1829, the quarter eagle was reduced in size again to 18.2 mm, featured smaller letters and stars. This version of the design was produced until 1834; the "Classic Head" variety was designed by William Kneass, which featured a traditional maiden with a ribbon binding her long, curly hair. This variety omitted. In 1840, a coronet and smaller head were designed to conform with the appearance of the larger gold coins, therefore making the Classic Head design obsolete.
The Classic Head design was produced from 1834 to 1839. Known as the "Coronet Head", the Liberty head was designed to match the styles of the other gold Eagles the government was producing; the Liberty Head design was created by Christian Gobrecht and was produced from 1840 to 1907, the most popular of all of the models. Like its predecessor, this variety omitted E Pluribus Unum from the reverse. One notable date is 1848, when 230 ounces of gold were sent to the Secretary of War Marcy by Colonel R. B. Mason, the military governor of California; the gold was promptly made into quarter eagles. The distinguishing mark CAL. was punched above the heraldic eagle on the reverse side of the coin. Only 1,389 of these coins were minted and are sought after by collectors. There are several specimens with proof-like surfaces and the coins are sought after by collectors fetching prices from $30,000 to $100,000 if in good enough condition; the "Indian Head" design and the similar Half Eagle piece were created by Boston sculptor Bela Lyon Pratt.
The coin was a departure from other examples of American coinage because it had no raised edges, instead featuring a design sunk into the planchet. The public had much distaste for the experimental and unusual design. Many feared that the recessed surfaces would collect germs, others thought it was ugly. Numismatists took little interest in the coin; this resulted in few examples in uncirculated condition and the coin slipped into obscurity for many years. Today, collectors adore the exotic design and the coin is recognized as part of the creative renaissance of American coinage; the Indian Head design was produced from 1908 to 1929. Two of the Early United States commemorative coins are Quarter eagles; the 1915-S was produced for the Panama-Pacific Exposition in San Francisco. The obverse depicts Liberty riding a Hippocampus. With only 6,749 sold it is quite valuable. More common is the 1926 issue struck to commemorate the Sesquicentennial Exposition in Philadelphia. A total of 46,019 pieces were sold.
The obverse shows Liberty standing on a globe and holding a torch and the Declaration of Independence, while the reverse pictures Independence Hall. Since the resumption of commemorative gold coin mintage in 1984 none have been struck in this denomination. US Quarter Eagle by year and type. Histories and more. 1915-S PANAMA-PACIFIC COMMEMORATIVE QUARTER EAGLE 1926 SESQUICENTENNIAL QUARTER EAGLE
The Fugio Cent is the first official one-cent piece of United States currency. Consisting of 0.36 oz of copper, its design was inspired by the works of Benjamin Franklin. On April 21, 1787, the Congress of the Confederation of the United States authorized a design for an official copper penny referred to as the Fugio cent because of its image of the sun shining down on a sundial with the caption, "Fugio"; this coin was designed by Benjamin Franklin. This design was based on the "Continental dollar" coin, never circulated; some historians believe that the word "business" was intended here, as Franklin was an influential and successful businessman. It does not mean "mind your own business" as that phrase is used today, but rather, "pay attention to your affairs." The reverse side of both the 1776 coins and paper notes, the 1787 coins, bore the third motto "We Are One" surrounded by thirteen chain links, representing the original thirteen colonial states. Following the reform of the central government with the 1789 ratification of the 1787 Constitution and silver coins transitioned to the motto "E pluribus unum" from the Great Seal of the United States.
Bank of New York Hoard Large cent History of the United States dollar United States dollar United States Note The Fugio Cent of 1787: Introduction, The Coins of Colonial and Earlier America. U. S. Mint: Circulating Coins FAQ U. S. Mint: 1776 Continental "Dollar"
United States commemorative coin
The United States has minted numerous commemorative coins in remembrance of particular persons, places and institutions. These coins are not intended for general circulation. Many consider the 1848 2½ dollar gold piece counter stamped "CAL" to be the first U. S. commemorative coin. Most standard lists begin with the 1892 half dollar commemorating the 400th anniversary of Columbus' voyage to America; the following year, the Columbian Exposition quarter dollar featuring Queen Isabella of Spain was issued. Most students of U. S. commemorative coinage acknowledge the gap between 1954 and 1982 by classifying those minted from 1892 to 1954 as Early Commemoratives, those minted since 1982 as Modern Commemoratives. The 1926 Sesquicentennial half dollar has the bust of Calvin Coolidge; the reverse side depicts the Liberty Bell. The 1926 Sesquicentennial Gold Quarter Eagle has Lady Liberty on the obverse side; the reverse side depicts Independence Hall. In 1925, a commemorative 50-cent coin was released that showed Stonewall Jackson.
Money raised from the sale of the coins was combined with money raised by the United Daughters of the Confederacy and the Stone Mountain Confederate Memorial Association in order to fund the carving of a Confederate monument at Stone Mountain. The U. S. Mint was criticized for commemorative issues of dubious recognition and endless mint runs; as an example of the latter, the Oregon Trail Memorial 50-cent piece was minted 8 years during a 14-year span. Multiple unrelated commemoratives were minted in many years, diminishing the significance of commemorative issues. In 1936 alone the following 19 commemorative half dollars were minted: Oregon Trail Memorial, Texas Centennial half dollar, Daniel Boone Bicentennial half dollar, Arkansas Centennial half dollar, California Pacific International Exposition half dollar, Rhode Island Tercentenary half dollar, Cleveland Centennial half dollar, Wisconsin Territorial Centennial half dollar, Cincinnati Music Center half dollar, Long Island Tercentenary half dollar, Connecticut Centennial half dollar, Virginia Sesquicentennial half dollar, Illinois, Centennial half dollar, Albany Charter half dollar, San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge half dollar, South Carolina Sesquicentennial half dollar, Delaware Tercentenary half dollar, Battle of Gettysburg half dollar, Norfolk, Bicentennial half dollar.
A half-dollar commemorative coin of the sesquicentennial anniversary of the Louisiana Purchase was proposed in 1952, but failed to go into mint and the period of Early Commemoratives soon after ended with the 1954 issues of the Washington–Carver 50-cent piece. Circulating commemorative coins have been somewhat more unusual in the United States; these are coins that are minted to commemorate a particular person, event, or institution, but are intended to enter general circulation. In 1932, the 200th anniversary of the birth of George Washington, the mint produced a circulating commemorative, the Washington Quarter. In 1934, it became the regular issue coinage design. In 1975 and 1976, the Washington quarter was used to commemorate the United States Bicentennial with a circulating commemorative; the Kennedy half-dollar and Eisenhower dollar featured commemorative designs for circulation during these two years. More the State Quarters program began in 1999 circulating five different commemoratives each year with reverses for each of the 50 States in the order of their admission to the Union.
In 2007, six quarters commemorating the District of Columbia, two commonwealths, three territories were added to the program for issue in 2009. In 2004–2005 the mint issued four commemorative nickel five cent pieces in the Westward Journey Nickel Series, celebrating the 200th anniversaries of the Louisiana Purchase and the Corps of Discovery. In 2009, four commemorative one cent pieces were issued to mark the bicentennial of the birth of Abraham Lincoln. Beginning in 2010 and continuing through at least 2021, a new series of quarters, the America the Beautiful Quarters, was issued to recognize America's National Parks, with five quarters issued per year; when this program is completed, 23 years will have passed in which all quarters minted were commemorative. The value of commemorative coins depends upon the condition and composition of the coin. See coin grading. 50 State Quarters Early United States commemorative coins Modern United States commemorative coins Complete histories of over 50 US Commemoratives
The mill or is a now-abstract unit of currency used sometimes in accounting. In the United States, it is a notional unit equivalent to 1⁄1000 of a United States dollar. In the United Kingdom it was proposed during the decades of discussion on the decimalisation of the pound as a 1⁄1000 division of the pound sterling. Several other currencies used the mill, such as the Maltese lira; the term comes from the Latin "millesimum", meaning "thousandth part". In the United States, the term was first used by the Continental Congress in 1786, being described as the "lowest money of account, of which 1000 shall be equal to the federal dollar."The Coinage Act of 1792 describes milles and other subdivisions of the dollar: That the money of account of the United States shall be expressed in dollars or units, dismes or tenths, cents or hundredths, milles or thousandths, a disme being the tenth part of a dollar, a cent the hundredth part of a dollar, a mille the thousandth part of a dollar, that all accounts in the public offices and all proceedings in the courts of the United States shall be kept and had in conformity to this regulation.
The mint of Philadelphia made half cents worth 5 mills each from 1793 to 1857. Tokens in this denomination were issued by some states and local governments for such uses as payment of sales tax; these were of inexpensive material such as tin, plastic or paper. Rising inflation depreciated the value of these tokens in relation to the value of their constituent materials. None were made after the 1960s. Today, most Americans would refer to fractions of a cent rather than mills, a term, unknown. For example, a gasoline price of $3.019 per gallon, if pronounced in full, would be "three dollars one and nine-tenths cents". Discount coupons, such as those for grocery items include in their fine print a statement such as "Cash value less than 1⁄10 of 1 cent." There are common occurrences of "half-cent" discounts on goods bought in quantity. However, the term "mill" is still used when discussing billing in the electric power industry as shorthand for the lengthier "1⁄1000 of a dollar per kilowatt hour".
The term is commonly used when discussing stock prices, the issuance of founder's stock of a company, cigarette taxes. Property taxes are expressed in terms of mills per dollar assessed. For instance, with a millage rate of 2.8₥, a house with an assessment of $100,000 would be taxed = 280,000₥, or $280.00. The term is spelled "mil" when used in this context; the term mill is used in finance in conjunction with equity market microstructure. The term is sometimes used as one-hundredth of a cent. For example, a broker that charges 5 mils per share is taking in $5. Additionally, in finance the term is sometimes spelled "mil"; some exchanges allow prices to be accounted in ten-thousandths of a dollar. This last digit is sometimes called a "decimill" or "deci-mill", but no exchange recognizes the term. Mark Twain introduced a fictional elaboration of the mill in A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court; when Hank Morgan, the American time traveler, introduces decimal currency to Arthurian Britain, he has it denominated in cents, "milrays", or tenths of a mill.
Mills are or were used in some cities to express property tax rates, in the same manner as in the U. S. Proposed on several occasions as a division of the British pound under the "Pound and Mil" system, the mill was used in accounting; the 1862 report from the Select Committee on Weights and Measures noted that the Equitable Insurance Company had been keeping accounts in mills for such purposes for over 100 years. Such a unit of a thousandth of a pound would have been similar in value to the then-existing farthing coin. By the time British currency was decimalised in 1971, the farthing had lost its legal tender status eleven years prior, thus the mill was not necessary. Maltese lira coinage included 2 mil, 3 mil, 5 mil coins from 1972 to 1994, with 10 mils being equal to one cent. Prices could still be marked using mils until the country switched to the euro in 2008, however these were rounded up for accounting purposes; the Palestine pound, used as the currency of the British Mandate for Palestine from 1927 to 1948, was divided into 1,000 mils.
Its successor currencies, the Israeli lira and the Jordanian dinar, were divided into 1⁄1000 units named the peruta and fils. The Israeli peruta lasted until 1960, the Jordanian fils until 1992. Between 1863 and 1866 the mill coin was the lowest denomination issued by the British government in Hong Kong; the mill was used with the Cypriot pound, starting with decimalization in 1955, lasting until 1983. However, coins smaller than 5 mils ceased being used in the mid 1960s; when switched to cents in 1983, a ½-cent coin was struck, abolished a few years later. Coins for 5 millimes are still in circulation. However, larger coins such as the 10, 20, 50, 100 millime coins are still in use and production; the Egyptian pound is divided into 1000 milliemes, 10 milliemes equal 1 piastre. The Tunisian dinar is divided into 1000 millimes The national curren
Washington, D. C. formally the District of Columbia and referred to as Washington or D. C. is the capital of the United States. Founded after the American Revolution as the seat of government of the newly independent country, Washington was named after George Washington, first President of the United States and Founding Father; as the seat of the United States federal government and several international organizations, Washington is an important world political capital. The city is one of the most visited cities in the world, with more than 20 million tourists annually; the signing of the Residence Act on July 16, 1790, approved the creation of a capital district located along the Potomac River on the country's East Coast. The U. S. Constitution provided for a federal district under the exclusive jurisdiction of the U. S. Congress, the District is therefore not a part of any state; the states of Maryland and Virginia each donated land to form the federal district, which included the pre-existing settlements of Georgetown and Alexandria.
The City of Washington was founded in 1791 to serve as the new national capital. In 1846, Congress returned the land ceded by Virginia. Washington had an estimated population of 702,455 as of July 2018, making it the 20th most populous city in the United States. Commuters from the surrounding Maryland and Virginia suburbs raise the city's daytime population to more than one million during the workweek. Washington's metropolitan area, the country's sixth largest, had a 2017 estimated population of 6.2 million residents. All three branches of the U. S. federal government are centered in the District: Congress and the U. S. Supreme Court. Washington is home to many national monuments, museums situated on or around the National Mall; the city hosts 177 foreign embassies as well as the headquarters of many international organizations, trade unions, non-profit, lobbying groups, professional associations, including the World Bank Group, the International Monetary Fund, the Organization of American States, AARP, the National Geographic Society, the Human Rights Campaign, the International Finance Corporation, the American Red Cross.
A locally elected mayor and a 13‑member council have governed the District since 1973. However, Congress may overturn local laws. D. C. residents elect a non-voting, at-large congressional delegate to the House of Representatives, but the District has no representation in the Senate. The District receives three electoral votes in presidential elections as permitted by the Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified in 1961. Various tribes of the Algonquian-speaking Piscataway people inhabited the lands around the Potomac River when Europeans first visited the area in the early 17th century. One group known as the Nacotchtank maintained settlements around the Anacostia River within the present-day District of Columbia. Conflicts with European colonists and neighboring tribes forced the relocation of the Piscataway people, some of whom established a new settlement in 1699 near Point of Rocks, Maryland. In his Federalist No. 43, published January 23, 1788, James Madison argued that the new federal government would need authority over a national capital to provide for its own maintenance and safety.
Five years earlier, a band of unpaid soldiers besieged Congress while its members were meeting in Philadelphia. Known as the Pennsylvania Mutiny of 1783, the event emphasized the need for the national government not to rely on any state for its own security. Article One, Section Eight, of the Constitution permits the establishment of a "District as may, by cession of particular states, the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of the government of the United States". However, the Constitution does not specify a location for the capital. In what is now known as the Compromise of 1790, Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson came to an agreement that the federal government would pay each state's remaining Revolutionary War debts in exchange for establishing the new national capital in the southern United States. On July 9, 1790, Congress passed the Residence Act, which approved the creation of a national capital on the Potomac River; the exact location was to be selected by President George Washington, who signed the bill into law on July 16.
Formed from land donated by the states of Maryland and Virginia, the initial shape of the federal district was a square measuring 10 miles on each side, totaling 100 square miles. Two pre-existing settlements were included in the territory: the port of Georgetown, founded in 1751, the city of Alexandria, founded in 1749. During 1791–92, Andrew Ellicott and several assistants, including a free African American astronomer named Benjamin Banneker, surveyed the borders of the federal district and placed boundary stones at every mile point. Many of the stones are still standing. A new federal city was constructed on the north bank of the Potomac, to the east of Georgetown. On September 9, 1791, the three commissioners overseeing the capital's construction named the city in honor of President Washington; the federal district was named Columbia, a poetic name for the United States in use at that time. Congress held its first session in Washington on November 17, 1800. Congress passed the District of Columbia Organic Act of 1801 that organized the District and placed the entire territory under the exclusive control of the federal
Eagle (United States coin)
The eagle was a United States $10 gold coin issued by the United States Mint from 1792 to 1933. The eagle was the largest of the five main decimal base-units of denomination used for circulating coinage in the United States prior to 1933, the year when gold was withdrawn from circulation; these five main base-units of denomination were the mill, the cent, the dime, the dollar, the eagle, where a dime is 10 cents, a dollar is 10 dimes, an eagle is 10 dollars. The eagle base-unit of denomination served as the basis of the gold quarter-eagle, the gold half-eagle, the eagle, the double-eagle coins. With the exceptions of the gold dollar coin, the gold three-dollar coin, the three-cent nickel, the five-cent nickel, the unit of denomination of coinage prior to 1933 was conceptually linked to the precious or semi-precious metal that constituted a majority of the alloy used in that coin. In this regard the United States followed long-standing European practice of different base-unit denominations for different precious and semi-precious metals.
In the United States, the cent was the base-unit of denomination in copper. The dime and dollar were the base-units of denomination in silver; the eagle was the base-unit of denomination in gold although, unlike "cent", "dime", "dollar", gold coins never specified their denomination in units of "eagles". Thus, a double eagle showed its value as "twenty dollars" rather than "two eagles"; the United States' circulating eagle denomination from the late 18th century to first third of the 20th century should not be confused with the American Eagle bullion coins which are manufactured from silver or gold, platinum, or palladium. Gold eagles were issued for circulation by the United States Mint from 1795–1933, half eagles from 1795–1929, quarter eagles from 1796–1929, double eagles from 1850–1933, with occasional production gaps for each type; the diameter of eagles was 27 mm, half eagles 21 mm, quarter eagles 17 mm, double eagles 34 mm. The purity of all circulating gold coins in the United States was eleven twelfths pure gold and one twelfth alloy.
Under U. S. law, the alloy was composed only of silver and copper, with silver limited to no more than half of the alloy by weight. Thus, U. S. gold coins had 22/24 pure gold, at most 1/24 silver, with the remaining one–two 24ths copper. The weight of circulating, standard gold, eagles was set at 270 grains, half eagles at 135 grains, quarter eagles at 67.5 grains. This resulted in the eagle containing 0.5156 troy ounces of pure gold. In 1834, the mint's 15:1 legal valuation of gold to silver was changed to 16:1, the metal weight-content standards for both gold and silver coins were changed, because at the old value ratio and weight content, it was profitable to export and melt U. S gold coins; as a result, the specification for standard gold was lowered from 22 karat to.8992 fine. In 1837 a small change in the fineness of the gold was made, the alloy was again defined as silver and copper, with silver capped at no more than half; the new 1837 standard for the eagle was 258 grains of.900 fine gold, with other coins proportionately sized.
Between 1838 and 1840, the silver content was reduced to zero—the eagle in 1838, half eagle in 1839, quarter eagle in 1840,—resulting in U. S. gold coins being 10 % copper. Using only copper as the alloy in gold coins matched longstanding English practice; the 1837 standard resulted in a gold content of only 0.9675 troy ounces of gold per double eagle and 0.48375 troy ounces for the eagle. It would be used for all circulating gold coins until U. S. gold coin circulation was halted in 1933. As part of its Modern United States commemorative coins program the United States mint has issued several commemorative eagle coins. In 1984, an eagle was issued to commemorate the Summer Olympics, in 2003 to commemorate the Wright brothers first flight at Kitty Hawk; the pre-1933.900 fine gold standard was restored, this would be used in half-eagle gold commemoratives as well. The coins would be identical in fineness and size to their pre-1933 counterparts of the same face value. In 2000 a unique eagle, the 2000 Library of Congress bimetallic ten dollar coin, was issued commemorating the Library of Congress.
Turban head 1795–1804 Turban Head, small eagle 1795–1797 Turban Head, large eagle 1797–1804 Liberty Head 1838–1907 Coronet, without motto 1838–1866 Coronet, with motto 1866–1907 Indian Head 1907–1933 American Gold Eagle American Buffalo American Silver Eagle American Platinum Eagle American Palladium Eagle Double Eagle Half Eagle The English eagle, a 13th-century coin outlawed under Edward I US Gold Eagle by year and type. Histories and more. American Eagle production numbers