Malaysia national football team
The Malaysia national football team is the national association football team of Malaysia and is controlled by the Football Association of Malaysia. The national team was founded in 1963 Merdeka Tournament one month before the establishment of the Malaysian Federation. Malaysia national football team is recognised by FIFA as the successor of the defunct Malaya national football team; the Malaysian team is nicknamed Harimau Malaya in reference of the Malayan tiger. It is one of the successful teams in Southeast Asia along with Singapore and Vietnam, winning bronze at the Asian Games in 1974 as well winning the ASEAN Football Championship in 2010 and other competitions while improving at the same time. In the FIFA World Rankings, Malaysia's highest standing was in the first release of the figures, in August 1993, at 75th. Malaysia's main rival on the international stage are their geographical neighbours, Thailand and Singapore, past matches between these three teams have produced much drama; the Harimau Malaya nickname have been used since the former Malaya national football team.
The nickname refer to the national animal of the Malayan tiger. Another source stated the name was believed to have been derived from a Malayan football player from Stulang Laut, Johor named Abdullah Mohd Don after he been called as "Harimau Malaya" by the founding father of Indonesia, Sukarno when managed to chasing his team lost of 0–3 against an Indonesian football club by scoring hat-trick in a match between Singaporean Malay Club and Peseja in 1953. Although the Federation of Malaysia have been formed on 16 September 1963, the name are still being maintained for the national squad, thus there is some debate as most Malaysian in the East felt the "Malaya" term does not cover the whole country; some supporters in the East felt offended when the media in the West Malaysia keep continuously using the term some in the West said it is just a small matter and the naming issue had been politicised as the term "Malayan tiger" came from an endangered endemic tiger subspecies in Malay Peninsula rather than a geopolitical reason.
As part of rebranding of the national football team by FAM from 2 February 2016 onward, the nickname Harimau Malaya was changed to Harimau Malaysia in a bid to be more inclusive to the East Malaysian sides. The Harimau Malaysia nickname was used to refer the former national player, Shaharuddin Abdullah. Since the 1970s, he was known as "Harimau Malaysia" by the football fans due to his ability to score many goals, he once scored 15 goals for Malaysia in the Merdeka Cup tournament which stood as a record for years. However, after a recent changes during FAM congress in March 2017, a drastic measures has been taken to restructure all aspect of national football organisation and management; this include the restoration of the old nickname starting from 3 April 2017. The sudden changes has affected all related websites and social media regarding the previous name which has since been indefinitely terminated. Before the establishment of Malaysia on 16 September 1963, North Borneo, Sarawak and Singapore are represented by their own national teams, a situation which pre-dated the establishment of a Malaysia.
Malaya and Singapore competed in an international competition such as the Merdeka Tournament while North Borneo and Sarawak competed in Borneo Cup. Malaya's biggest achievement in football was becoming the bronze medalist of the 1962 Asian Games held in Jakarta, Indonesia after defeating South Vietnam 4–1; the beginning of Malaysia football team match took place in Merdeka Stadium on 8 August 1963 with the combined strength of Singapore and Malaya. With the combined forces of Malaya and Singapore, the team start their match with Japan, thought lost 3–4; the team continued to use combination of players from Singapore and Malay Peninsula until the formation of the Malaysian Federation and ended when Singapore's separated from Malaysia in 1965. Since the squad was only represented by West Malaysian players due to difficulties of that time to travel to East Malaysia and the players were not well known to mainstream West Malaysian football. In 1971, James Wong of Sabah is the first player from East Malaysia to represent the country.
Malaysia qualified for the 1972 Olympics in Munich, beating Japan, South Korea and the Philippines along the way. Although they managed to defeat the United States 3–0, they lost the other 2 matches with a score of 0–3 to West Germany and 0–6 to Morocco, ranking 10th in the final standings. From 1972, Mokhtar Dahari is considered as the legend footballer for the Malaysian team as he booked his place as one of the best players in Asia, he manage to score 175 goals, of which the 175 goals for Selangor FA, 20 goals in 13 appearances for Kwong Yik Bank and another 125 goals for the national team, giving a total of 320 goals in his career. Together with the record of Soh Chin Aun, it is however not recognised by FIFA. Two years Malaysia won their second bronze medal at the 1974 Asian Games after defeating North Korea 2–1; the team went on to qualify twice in a row for the AFC Asian Cup, in 1976 and 1980. It was only in 1977; the list continued by the late James Yaakub of Sarawak in 1977. The team won the Merdeka Tournament three times, became runner-up four times and achieved third place twice during the 1970s.
Malaysia qualified again for the 1980 Olympics in Moscow, but joined the US-led boycott of the games as the Malaysian government made a decision to protest the Soviet Union's i
Athletics at the 2008 Summer Olympics
Athletics at the 2008 Summer Olympics were held during the last ten days of the games, from August 15 to August 24, 2008, at the Beijing National Stadium. The Olympic sport of athletics is split into four distinct sets of events: track and field events, road running events, racewalking events. Both men and women had similar schedules of events. Men competed in women in 23, as their schedule lacked the 50 km race walk. In addition, both the men's 110 m hurdles and decathlon are reflected in the women's schedule by the 100 m hurdles and heptathlon, respectively; the Olympic record was broken in 17 returning events. In five events, including the inaugural women's 3000 m steeplechase, the world record was broken; the athletics was, alongside the Olympic cycling events, one of the few large sports programmes in which the host nation fared comparatively poorly in terms of medals won. Despite a haul of 100 medals at the games as a whole, Chinese athletes took home two bronze medals from the athletics events.
The country's foremost athlete Liu Xiang, the 2004 Olympic champion in the 110 metres hurdles, had to withdraw after a false start due to injury. In the years following the events, results were affected by doping findings. Multiple medalists have been sanctioned for doping violations. Russia has had the most medals stripped. Retrieved from Beijing Olympics 2008 Official Website. * Host nation * Athletes who participated in the heats only and received medals. 1500 metres The original gold medalist, Rashid Ramzi of Bahrain, was stripped of his gold medal for having committed anti-doping violations. The rest of the competitors were elevated by one position accordingly. 4 × 100 metres relay Jamaican team won gold medals but was disqualified due to anti-doping rules violation by Nesta Carter. The CAS decided in 2018 that Trinidad and Tobago is the winner, the silver medal was reallocated to Japan, bronze to Brazil. 4 × 400 metres relay Russian team won bronze medals but was disqualified due to anti-doping rules violation by Denis Alexeev.
Following reallocation, Great Britain's Robert Tobin, Andrew Steele, Michael Bingham and Martyn Rooney have been awarded bronze. Pole vault The original bronze medalist, Denys Yurchenko of Ukraine, was stripped of his bronze medal for positive test for the prohibited substance. On 17 April 2017, Derek Miles received the bronze medal. Shot put The original bronze medalist, Andrei Mikhnevich of Belarus, was stripped of his bronze medal after being given a lifetime ban in 2013 for doping offences. Dylan Armstrong of Canada has received the bronze. Hammer throw Vadim Devyatovskiy and Ivan Tsikhan were disqualified for doping, but had their medals reinstated in June 2010 after the Court of Arbitration for Sport ruled that there was an error at the Chinese medical lab. * Athletes who participated in the heats only and received medals. 5000 metres Original silver medalist Elvan Abeylegesse, Turkey and stripped of and ordered to return silver medal following a positive test for a banned substance at the 2007 World Championships in Athletics.
Meseret Defar of Ethiopia was advanced to silver, Sylvia Kibet of Kenya to bronze. 10000 metres Original silver medalist Elvan Abeylegesse, Turkey and stripped of and ordered to return silver medal following a positive test for a banned substance at the 2007 World Championships in Athletics. Shalane Flanagan was awarded Linet Chepkwemoi Masai the bronze. 3000 metres steeplechase Original bronze medalist Yekaterina Volkova, Russia and stripped of and ordered to return bronze medal following retesting of her original in-competition sample returned a positive test for the presence of banned substances. Following medals reallocation Tatyana Petrova-Arkhipova of Russia received the bronze medal. 4 × 100 metres relay Originally won by Team Russia, but gold medals were stripped due to anti-doping rules violation by Yulia Chermoshanskaya. Following medals reallocation Belgium are awarded gold, Nigeria – silver and Brazil – bronze. 4 × 400 metres relay Team Russia won silver medals, while Team Belarus placed fourth, but both were disqualified due to anti-doping rules violations - by Anastasiya Kapachinskaya and Tatyana Firova in the case of Russia and Sviatlana Usovich for Belarus.
Following medals reallocation Jamaica are promoted to Great Britain to bronze. High jump Original bronze medalist Anna Chicherova, was stripped of her bronze medal following a positive retest of her sample from the 2008 Games for the anabolic steroid turinobol. Yelena Slesarenko and Vita Palamar, Ukraine 4th and 5th were disqualified for doping following retests; the 6th place athlete, Chaunte Howard, United States, has received the bronze medal. Long jump Original silver medalist Tatyana Lebedeva, Russia and stripped of and ordered to return silver medal following retesting of her original in-competition sample returned a positive test for the presence of the banned substances. Blessing Okagbare of Nigeria was advanced to Chelsea Hammond of Jamaica to bronze. Triple jump Original bronze medalist Hrysopiyi Devetzi, Greece and stripped of and ordered to return bronze medal following retesting of original in-competition samples returned a positive result for banned substances. Original silver medalist Tatyana Lebedeva, Russia was disqualified due to use of banned substances.
Olga Rypakova of Kazakhstan was advanced to Yargelis Savigne of Cuba to bronze. Shot put Original silver medalist Natallia Mik
New Zealand national under-20 football team
The New Zealand Under 20s football team, more known as the Junior All Whites, is controlled by New Zealand Football and represents New Zealand in international Under 20 or youth football competitions. The 25,000 capacity North Harbour Stadium is used for home games of the Junior All Whites; the OFC Under 20 Qualifying Tournament is a tournament held once every two years to decide the two qualification spots for the Oceania Football Confederation and its representatives at the FIFA U-20 World Cup. Results from previous 18 months and upcoming fixtures The following players were named in the squad for the 2017 FIFA U-20 World Cup in June 2017. New Zealand Under-20 Squad list and profiles Junior All Whites Historical Results
Football at the 2008 Summer Olympics
Football at the 2008 Summer Olympics was held in Beijing and several other cities in the People's Republic of China from 6 to 23 August. Associations affiliated with FIFA were invited to send their full women's national teams and men's U-23 teams to participate. Men's teams were allowed to augment their squad with three players over the age of 23. For these games, the men competed in a 16-team tournament, the women in a 12-team tournament. Preliminary matches commenced two days before the Opening Ceremony of the Games on 8 August. Aside from the host city Beijing, football matches took place in four other cities: Beijing: Beijing National Stadium Beijing: Workers' Stadium Qinhuangdao: Qinhuangdao Olympic Stadium Shanghai: Shanghai Stadium Shenyang: Shenyang Olympic Stadium Tianjin: Tianjin Olympic Centre Stadium Football 5-a-side at the 2008 Summer Paralympics Football 7-a-side at the 2008 Summer Paralympics "Sports Competition Schedule". BOCOG. 17 April 2006. Archived from the original on 10 August 2006.
Retrieved 10 August 2006. "Athletics". International Olympic Committee. 2006. Retrieved 10 August 2006. "Programme of the Games of the XXIX Olympiad, Beijing 2008". International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 20 August 2006. Retrieved 10 August 2006. Olympic Football Tournaments Beijing 2008 – Men, FIFA.com Olympic Football Tournaments Beijing 2008 – Women, FIFA.com RSSSF
The A-League is a professional men's soccer league run by Football Federation Australia. At the top of the Australian league system, it is the country's primary competition for the sport; the A-League was established in 2004 as a successor to the National Soccer League and competition commenced in August 2005. The league is contested by ten teams, it is known as the Hyundai A-League through a sponsorship arrangement with the Hyundai Motor Company. Seasons run from October to May and include a 27-round regular season followed by a Finals Series playoff involving the highest-placed teams, culminating in a grand final match; the winner of the regular season tournament is dubbed the'premier' while the winner of the grand final is the season's'champion'. This differs from the other major football codes in Australia, where'premier' refers to the winner of the grand final and the winner of the regular season is the'minor premier'. Successful A-League clubs gain qualification into the continental competition, the Asian Football Confederation Champions League known as "AFC Champions League".
Similar to the United States and Canada's Major League Soccer, as well as other professional sports leagues in Australia, Australia's A-League does not practice promotion and relegation. Since the league's inaugural season, a total of six clubs have been crowned A-League Premiers and five clubs have been crowned A-League Champions; the current premier is Perth Glory. The current champions are Melbourne Victory, who won the 2018 A-League Grand Final, equaling the record of four domestic titles held by Marconi Stallions, South Melbourne, Sydney City; the A-League does not recognize the history of its predecessor, the National Soccer League, the nations premier football competition from 1977 to 2004. A national round-robin tournament existed in various forms prior to the formation of the A-League, with the most notable being the National Soccer League; the formation of the NSL came after Australia's qualification for the 1974 FIFA World Cup, which led to discussion of a national league, with 14 teams chosen to participate in the inaugural season of the NSL in 1977.
Under the guidance of the then-governing body, the Australian Soccer Federation, the NSL flourished through the 1980s and early 1990s but fell into decline with the increasing departure of Australian players to overseas leagues, a disastrous television deal with the Seven Network and the resulting lack of sponsorship. Few clubs continued to grow with Sydney Olympic, Perth Glory, the newly established Adelaide United the exception in a dying league. In April 2003, the Australian Federal Government initiated the Independent Soccer Review Committee to investigate the governance and management of the sport in Australia, including that of the NSL. In December 2003, the Crawford Report found that the NSL was financially unviable, in response the chairman of the sports new governing body, Frank Lowy of Football Federation Australia, announced that a task force would be formed to create a new national competition as a successor to the NSL which dissolved at the conclusion of the 2003–04 season after 27 years of operation.
The A-League was announced in April 2004, as a successor to the NSL. Eight teams would be part of the new national competition, with one team from each city of Sydney, Brisbane, Perth, plus a New Zealand team and one from a remaining expressions of interest from either Melbourne or Sydney; the competition start date was set for August 2005. By June 2004, 20 submissions had been received and a month 12 consortiums sent in their final bids for the eight spots. Three bids were received from Melbourne, two each from Sydney and Brisbane, one from each of the remaining preferred cities and a bid from the New South Wales Central Coast city of Gosford. Over the next three months, each bid was reviewed and on 1 November 2004, the eight successful bidders and the major sponsor were revealed, for what would be known as the Hyundai A-League, with the Hyundai Motor Company unveiled as the official naming rights sponsor for the league; the eight founding teams for the league were Adelaide United, Central Coast Mariners, Melbourne Victory, Newcastle Jets, New Zealand Knights, Perth Glory, Queensland Roar and Sydney FC, with three former NSL clubs taking part, those being Adelaide United, Newcastle Jets and Perth Glory, as well as Queensland Roar and New Zealand Knights who were formed from NSL clubs Brisbane Lions and New Zealand Football Kingz.
Each club was given a five-year exclusivity deal in its own market as part of the league's "one-city, one-team" policy. This was intended to allow clubs to grow and develop an identity in their respective region without local competition. On 26 August 2005, 16 months after the demise of the NSL, the inaugural season of the A-League began; the first season would see Adelaide United win the premier's plate by seven points over Sydney FC with Central Coast and Newcastle filling the final two spots in the final series. In the final series, it was Sydney that took out the title after they defeated Central Coast by a Steve Corica goal to claim the first title on 5 March 2006. On 20 March 2007, it was announced that Wellington Phoenix would replace New Zealand Knights from the start of the 2007–08 season. Both Gold Coast United and North Queensland Fury joined the league in the 2009–10 season. On 12 June 2009, Melbourne Heart was awarded a licence to join the 2010–11 season. On 1 March 2011 North Queensland Fury's A-League licence was revoked for financial reasons.
On 29 February 2012, Gold Coast United had its licence revoked. On 4 April 2012 it was announced that a new We
New Zealand Knights FC
This page details the history of the club. For information on seasons and results see New Zealand Knights seasons 2005–06 and 2006–07 New Zealand Knights Football Club were the only professional football club in New Zealand before they became defunct. Based in Auckland, New Zealand, they played in the A-League, Australia's premier football competition and have since been replaced by the Wellington Phoenix. Football Kingz FC joined the Australian National Soccer League in 1999 and proceeded to play in the last five seasons of the NSL, failing to qualify for the playoffs in every season; the club was to use the spelling of "Kings", however this was changed to the Kingz after receiving legal threats from the Sydney Kings basketball franchise. The Football Kingz brand was disestablished in 2004 and was restructured into the New Zealand Knights as a new franchise for Australia's new national football competition called the A-League. Market research carried out by the club, to determine the viability of a new identity for the team, indicated that 76% of respondents were in favour of a name change.
When that research was focused on those aged 35 and under, the percentage in favour of a change rose to 90%. Further to that, the name of "Knights" were polled best of all names suggested in the survey, a clear 30% higher than any other option; the former Football Kingz FC General manager Guy Hedderwick was promoted to the role of New Zealand Knights chief executive officer. Alongside him Football Kingz and Waitakere City Chairman, Anthony Lee, became the New Zealand Knights Chairman in the restructuring. Anthony Lee had invested into the New Zealand Knights, with his company's 20% shareholding second only to majority owner Brian Katzen's Octagon Sport with 60%; the other shareholders were Sky Television, Chris Turner, New Zealand Soccer. The only major sponsor the club had was retailer Zero's New Zealand, they agreed to a deal with the Knights over the first three seasons in a six figure deal as a sleeve sponsor. New Zealand Knights was confirmed as one of the eight founding teams in the A-League.
John Adshead, who took the New Zealand national side, the All Whites to their first World Cup finals appearance in 1982 was named their inaugural manager/coach. Former New Zealand international, Danny Hay, who played in the English Premiership with Leeds United was named the inaugural captain of the team. Despite having a squad boasting several players with extensive experience in English football, many pundits did not rate the Knights as serious contenders for the A-League title, they were considered favourites for the wooden spoon; these predictions turned out to be true, with New Zealand Knights proving to be well out of their depth in their debut A-League season. In April 2006, after the poor season, manager John Adshead resigned from the club. Paul Nevin was confirmed as manager a month having worked as caretaker manager since the position was vacated by Adshead. In late October 2006, as a result of low crowd attendance at North Harbour Stadium in Auckland and continual poor on-field performances, rumours began to circulate that Football Federation Australia was considering the possibility of revoking the Knights' A-League licence and granting it to a new team that would be set to enter the competition in the 2007–08 season.
On 15 November and nearing the end of the November transfer window New Zealand Knights board and management decided to relieve Paul Nevin of his coaching duties due to a string of poor performances. On 13 December 2006, strong rumours resurfaced that the FFA was considering the revocation of the Knights' licence to compete in the A-League, it became clear that, with five weeks remaining in the current season, the FFA intended to reclaim the licence from the Knights. The FFA had continued to express angst at low attendance numbers, poor on-field performance and the lack of domestically developed players. Late on 14 December, the FFA announced that it had revoked the competition licence held by the Knights' owners. An arrangement with NZ Soccer would see the national body step in to manage the club for the remaining five weeks of the regular season, with former All Whites player Ricki Herbert to fill the role of head coach; the Knights dissolved on 21 January, when the final match of the season was played against Perth Glory FC.
On 19 March 2007 after several delays, Wellington Phoenix was selected as the successor to the New Zealand Knights. There has been recent speculation on a possible return for the New Zealand Knights, or another Auckland-based team, to re-join the A-League. Encouraging crowds of 20,078 in November 2011 when Wellington Phoenix played Adelaide United and 11,566 in January 2013 when Wellington Phoenix played Perth Glory, both held at Eden Park, have added to the push for the addition of a second New Zealand team in the A-League. North Harbour Stadium is a rectangular stadium situated in Albany on Auckland's North Shore in New Zealand, it was opened in 1997 after nearly a decade of discussion and construction. North Harbour Stadium has four main seating areas with an official capacity of 25,000. 19,000 of this capacity is seated, the other 6,000 are on grass embankments. Main Grandstand — A futuristic looking structure with a distinctive arched roof, it has three main tiers of seating, as well as a row of corporate boxes and several corporate lounges.
A total of 12,000 can be seated under the roof. This is on the southern side of the ground. Open Stand — A single uncovered tier opposite the Main Grandstand that can seat 7,000. Embankments — At eit
New Zealand is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The country geographically comprises two main landmasses—the North Island, the South Island —and around 600 smaller islands. New Zealand is situated some 2,000 kilometres east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and 1,000 kilometres south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia and Tonga; because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long period of isolation, New Zealand developed a distinct biodiversity of animal and plant life; the country's varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks, such as the Southern Alps, owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions. New Zealand's capital city is Wellington. Sometime between 1250 and 1300, Polynesians settled in the islands that were named New Zealand and developed a distinctive Māori culture. In 1642, Dutch explorer Abel Tasman became the first European to sight New Zealand. In 1840, representatives of the United Kingdom and Māori chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi, which declared British sovereignty over the islands.
In 1841, New Zealand became a colony within the British Empire and in 1907 it became a dominion. Today, the majority of New Zealand's population of 4.9 million is of European descent. Reflecting this, New Zealand's culture is derived from Māori and early British settlers, with recent broadening arising from increased immigration; the official languages are English, Māori, NZ Sign Language, with English being dominant. A developed country, New Zealand ranks in international comparisons of national performance, such as quality of life, education, protection of civil liberties, economic freedom. New Zealand underwent major economic changes during the 1980s, which transformed it from a protectionist to a liberalised free-trade economy; the service sector dominates the national economy, followed by the industrial sector, agriculture. Nationally, legislative authority is vested in an elected, unicameral Parliament, while executive political power is exercised by the Cabinet, led by the prime minister Jacinda Ardern.
Queen Elizabeth II is the country's monarch and is represented by a governor-general Dame Patsy Reddy. In addition, New Zealand is organised into 11 regional councils and 67 territorial authorities for local government purposes; the Realm of New Zealand includes Tokelau. New Zealand is a member of the United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, ASEAN Plus Six, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, the Pacific Community and the Pacific Islands Forum. Dutch explorer Abel Tasman sighted New Zealand in 1642 and named it Staten Land "in honour of the States General", he wrote, "it is possible that this land joins to the Staten Land but it is uncertain", referring to a landmass of the same name at the southern tip of South America, discovered by Jacob Le Maire in 1616. In 1645, Dutch cartographers renamed the land Nova Zeelandia after the Dutch province of Zeeland. British explorer James Cook subsequently anglicised the name to New Zealand. Aotearoa is the current Māori name for New Zealand.
It is unknown whether Māori had a name for the whole country before the arrival of Europeans, with Aotearoa referring to just the North Island. Māori had several traditional names for the two main islands, including Te Ika-a-Māui for the North Island and Te Waipounamu or Te Waka o Aoraki for the South Island. Early European maps labelled the islands North and South. In 1830, maps began to use North and South to distinguish the two largest islands and by 1907 this was the accepted norm; the New Zealand Geographic Board discovered in 2009 that the names of the North Island and South Island had never been formalised, names and alternative names were formalised in 2013. This set the names as North Island or Te Ika-a-Māui, South Island or Te Waipounamu. For each island, either its English or Māori name can be used. New Zealand was one of the last major landmasses settled by humans. Radiocarbon dating, evidence of deforestation and mitochondrial DNA variability within Māori populations suggest New Zealand was first settled by Eastern Polynesians between 1250 and 1300, concluding a long series of voyages through the southern Pacific islands.
Over the centuries that followed, these settlers developed a distinct culture now known as Māori. The population was divided into iwi and hapū who would sometimes cooperate, sometimes compete and sometimes fight against each other. At some point a group of Māori migrated to Rēkohu, now known as the Chatham Islands, where they developed their distinct Moriori culture; the Moriori population was all but wiped out between 1835 and 1862 because of Taranaki Māori invasion and enslavement in the 1830s, although European diseases contributed. In 1862 only 101 survived, the last known full-blooded Moriori died in 1933; the first Europeans known to have reached New Zeala