Llangefni is the county town of Anglesey in Wales and contains the principal offices of the Isle of Anglesey County Council. United Kingdom Census 2011 recorded Llangefni's population as 5,116 people, making it the second largest settlement on the island; the town is near the centre of Anglesey, is on the River Cefni, after which it is named. Its attractions include the Oriel Ynys Môn museum, which details the history of Anglesey and houses the legacy collection of Charles Tunnicliffe. In the west of the town is a large secondary school, Ysgol Gyfun Llangefni, in the north a Victorian parish church, St Cyngar's, set in a wooded riverside location called the Dingle; the town was named Llangyngar, Welsh for "St Cyngar's church". Llangefni is a commercial and farming town in Anglesey and once hosted the largest cattle market on the island. There is a large industrial estate, which includes a large chicken processing plant, the largest single industrial operation in the town, as well as several other small businesses.
The town had a station on the Anglesey Central Railway line which opened in 1864. It closed in 1964, although goods trains continued to pass through the town until 1993. Although no longer used, the railway tracks have not been removed; the nearest station is now at Llanfairpwllgwyngyll. There are frequent buses to the larger settlements of Bangor and Holyhead as well as to the smaller towns of Amlwch and Beaumaris. By road the town is just 2 kilometres from the major A55 and A5 roads, via the short A5114. Water for the town comes from a reservoir 1.5 miles to the northwest. Llangefni hosted the National Eisteddfod in 1957 and 1983, in 1999 gave its name to the Eisteddfod held at the nearby village of Llanbedrgoch, it hosted the Urdd Eisteddfod in 2004. The town has a college, Coleg Menai; the local association football club, Llangefni Town, was promoted to the Welsh Premier League at the end of the 2006–07 season, but relegated one season later. The local rugby club is Llangefni RFC; the club gained promotion to Division 2 West, but the WRU decided to demote the club back to Division 4 North Wales league.
According to the 2011 Census, Llangefni is the community with the highest percentage of Welsh speakers on the Isle of Anglesey, the 6th highest in Wales. 80.7% of residents aged three and over reported being able to speak Welsh in the 2011 Census, as compared to 83.8% reporting being able to do so in the 2001 Census. Of those born in Wales, 91.6% of the community's population could speak Welsh. Llangefni is in the Canolbarth Môn electoral ward which includes four other neighbouring communities in the centre of the island, electing three county councillors to the Isle of Anglesey County Council. Prior to the 2012 Anglesey electoral boundary changes the town was represented by three county councillors elected from three wards, Cefni and Tudur. Cefni and Tudur remain as community wards, electing the thirteen community councillors to Llangefni Town Council, the community council of the town. John Elias, lived in the town 1830–41 Christmas Evans and chapel builder, lived in the town 1791–1826 Huw Garmon, actor Hugh Griffith, Oscar‑winning actor, attended Llangefni County School in his youth Hywel Gwynfryn and radio personality, was born in the town in 1942 and studied at Ysgol Gyfun Llangefni Wayne Hennessey, Wolverhampton Wanderers and Wales goalkeeper Naomi Watts, Oscar‑nominated actress, lived in the town between the ages of 7 and 10 Kyffin Williams, was born in the town in 1908 Gabriel Fielding, attended Llangefni County School, in 1934 Official website photos of Llangefni and surrounding area on geograph grid reference SH457758
Grŵp Llandrillo Menai
Grŵp Llandrillo Menai is an umbrella organisation to oversee the operation of the three member colleges: Coleg Llandrillo, Coleg Menai and Coleg Meirion-Dwyfor. Its first day of operation was Monday, 2 April 2012, it is Wales's largest Further Education Institution and one of the largest FE college groups in the UK. It employs 2,000 staff and delivers courses to around 34,000 students across four counties in campuses from Denbigh to Dolgellau, as well as business and research facilities. Grŵp Llandrillo Menai has 12 campuses across North Wales: Abergele, Caernarfon, Colwyn Bay Library, Dolgellau, Holyhead, Parc Menai, Rhos-on-Sea and Rhyl; the three main campuses are located at Bangor and Rhos-on-Sea. Grŵp Llandrillo Menai Grŵp Llandrillo Menai Facebook Grŵp Llandrillo Menai Twitter Coleg Menai website Coleg Llandrillo website Coleg Meirion-Dwyfor website
University of South Wales
The University of South Wales is a public university in Wales, with campuses in Cardiff, Newport and Dubai. It was formed on 11 April 2013 from the merger of the University of Glamorgan and the University of Wales, Newport; the university is the second largest university in Wales in terms of its student numbers, offers around 200 courses. The university has four main faculties across its campuses in South Wales; the university can trace its roots to the founding of the Newport Mechanics' Institute in 1841. The Newport Mechanics' Institute become the University of Wales, Newport. In 1913 the South Wales and Monmouthshire School of Mines was formed; the school of mines was to become the Polytechnic of Wales, before gaining the status of University of Glamorgan in 1992. The name for the new merged university was chosen following a research exercise amongst interested parties and announced in December 2012 by the prospective vice-chancellor of the university, Julie Lydon. 1841 Opening of Mechanics Institute, Newport 1913 Opening of South Wales and Monmouthshire School of Mines, Treforest 2013 Merger between the University of Glamorgan and the University of Wales, Newport 2014 Rowan Williams appointed Chancellor 2015 London Campus closes 2016 Caerleon Campus closes At formation it was reported that the university had more than 33,500 students from 122 countries and was the sixth largest in the United Kingdom and the largest in Wales.
Following the decline in student numbers reported by the HESA over the years since the formation of the university, for the academic year 2016/17 the University ranking was 31st largest in the UK and the 2nd largest in Wales when measured by the numbers of students enrolled. Source:- The Higher Education Statistics Agency The university is part of the University of South Wales Group comprising the university, the Royal Welsh College of Music and Drama and the Merthyr Tydfil College; the university has a band of 106 partner colleges, universities, FE institutions or organisations, who deliver University of South Wales's higher education programmes or access courses in the UK and 18 other countries. The university has four faculties spread over its campuses in South East Wales. Faculty of Business and Society School of Law and Finance School of Humanities and Social Sciences South Wales Business SchoolFaculty of Computing and Science School of Computing and Mathematics School of Engineering School of Applied SciencesFaculty of Creative Industries School of Drama and Music School of Art and Design Film and TV School WalesFaculty of Life Sciences and Education School of Psychology and Therapeutic Studies School of Education, Early Years and Social Work School of Health, Sport & Professional Practice School of Care SciencesThe university has a film school, animation facilities, broadcasting studios, a photography school, a reputation for theatre design, poets and authors as well as the national music and drama conservatoire, the Royal Welsh College of Music and Drama, as a wholly owned subsidiary.
It offers a range of qualifications from further education to degrees to PhD study. As a Post 92 University it delivers a range of STEM subjects; the university has three main campuses located across South Wales: The Faculty of Creative Industries is based at the Cardiff Campus, along with a smaller number of courses from the Faculty of Business and Society. The Atrium Building is the main building at the campus opened by the University of Glamorgan in 2007 the building was extended at a cost of £14.7 million to replace the Caerleon campus. The building re-opened during September 2016; the campus includes the Atlantic House building. The new campus in Dubai opened in September 2018 at Dubai South located near Al-Maktoum International Airport; the courses offered. In 2018 the University was criticised by human rights campaigners when it awarded honorary doctorates to two senior figures in the UAE government, Ahmed bin Saeed Al Maktoum and Nahyan bin Mubarak Al Nahyan, at the campus' opening ceremony.
The university's newest campus is the £40 million campus on the west bank of the River Usk in Newport city centre. The'City Campus' was built for the University of Wales and was opened in 2011 by Sir Terry Matthews. Built to house a variety of undergraduate and postgraduate courses for the Newport Business School, Newport Film School and the universities art and design department, it now hosts courses from the Faculty of Life Sciences and Education, including teaching, social work and youth work as well as some courses in business together with the National Cyber Security Academy; this was the main campus of the University of Glamorgan. The university's largest campus, with a range of facilities, including an indoor sports centre and students' union; the campus is located in three parts:- 1) Treforest – Which hosts a variety of undergraduate and postgraduate courses notable in engineering and related subjects. 2) Glyntaff – Where nursing and sport courses are based. 3) Tyn y Wern – The location of the University of South Wales' sport park.
Caerleon is located on the northern outskirts of Newport. The second largest campus, it hosted a variety of undergraduate and postgraduate courses, including education, history, fashion design and photography; the campus had extensive sports facilities, students' union shop and a students' union bar. It was the main campus of the University of Wales, Newport. In 2014, it was announced by the University of South Wales that the Caerleon campus would close in 2016; the university cited the need to invest around £20 million to improve and upgrad
Aberangell is a village in Gwynedd, Wales. Aberangell stands at the confluence of the River Angell and the River Dyfi, lies within Dinas Mawddwy community. During the Victorian era, three major estates dominated it' surrounding area. To the north lay Sir Edmund Buckley's Dinas Mawddwy estate. To the west lay Plas Cwmllecoediog, owned by James Walton and his sons William and Frederick. Aberangell railway station was on the Mawddwy Railway, it was the terminus of the narrow gauge Hendre-Ddu Tramway. Royal Mail announced the closure of Aberangell post office in October 2008. In 1993 and 2008 Aberangell won Calor Village of the Year in Wales. Www.geograph.co.uk: photos of Aberangell and surrounding area
Penrhyndeudraeth is a small town and community in the Welsh county of Gwynedd. The town is close to the mouth of the River Dwyryd on the A487 nearly 3 miles east of Porthmadog, had a population of 2,150 at the 2011 census, increased from 2,031 in 2001. An older settlement of a few cottages at Upper Penrhyn was called Cefn Coch and that name is perpetuated by the Penrhyndeudraeth primary school, known as Ysgol Cefn Coch; the ground on which it stands was a malarial swamp encircling a huge stagnant pool. The present town owes its existence as a commercial centre to a local landowner, David Williams of Castell Deudraeth near Minffordd, who in the mid-19th century drained the swamp and dried the pool and constructed many streets. Adopting a scheme of town planning evolved by the builder of Tremadog and his Italian craftsmen, Williams gave Penrhyndeudraeth broad streets and wide open spaces; the main square is a road junction with choice of four roads - one leading to the station, one to Porthmadog, one to Maentwrog and the other to Llanfrothen and the Pass of Aberglaslyn.
Williams' daughter Alice Williams built the first Institute Hall for one of the first British Women's Institutes in the country in Penrhyndeudraeth. The lower half of Penrhyndeudraeth used to be a lake, drained to create the area where the village's High Street is today; the names of terraces in Penrhyndeudraeth, such as Glanllyn and Penllyn, refer to a time when the site was underwater. There is an area named Penlan, which may point to the reason why the lower half of Penrhyndeudraeth is flat, it is believed that the lower half of Penrhyndeudraeth was founded on a spot behind the Royal Oak pub where the old Pierce & Sons garage is located. Prior to the many 19th century land reclamation projects and the building of the Ffestiniog Railway, both of which spurred economic growth, the few local inhabitants relied on agriculture and small-scale copper mining; some men worked boats on the River Dwyryd. Local women at that time gathered cockles in the estuary for sale in local markets. Penrhyndeudraeth is still known locally by the people of Blaenau Ffestiniog and Porthmadog, as Penrhyn Cocos.
Halfway between Penrhyndeudraeth and Minffordd, next to the Snowdonia National Park Headquarters, but standing apart, is Hendre Hall, where in 1648 Humphrey Humphreys was born. He became Bishop of Bangor from 1689 to 1701 and of Hereford, he died in 1712. One of the family carvings at the Holy Trinity Church Penrhyndeudraeth is of him and there is an oak chest which Richard Humphreys gave to Llanfrothen Church whilst working as its warden in 1690; the property named "Cae Ednyfed", between Penrhyndeudraeth and Minffordd, was once the property of Ednyfed Fychan, commander-in-chief to Llywelyn ap Iorwerth. The town has not always been religious. Early in the history of the Methodists, they established chapels, fellowship meetings were established. There is a history of revivalists such as Daniel Rowland who held meetings at Tyddyn Isaf and the poet Dafydd Siôn Siâms who publicly cursed the new religion before himself being converted, he chastised the Methodists mercilessly before burning all their critical poetic works in a public bonfire in the village square.
The Old Methodists' original communion chalice is to be seen in the National Library in Aberystwyth. The town was in two Anglican parishes and Llandecwyn. Holy Trinity church was built in 1858 and a new parish of Penrhyndeudraeth was created in 1897. For nearly 75 years the explosives works were the economic backbone of the village; the population depended on employment offered by the slate industry at Blaenau Ffestiniog and the trade in raw materials through the busy harbour at Porthmadog. An electoral ward in the same name exists; this ward extends north to Llanfrothen with a total population of 2,587. The main manufacturing industry in Penrhyndeudraeth was established in 1872 to make guncotton. Cookes Explosives Ltd, which became part of the Imperial Chemical Industries, dealing with increased demand for munitions during World War I, set up a new explosives factory at Penrhyndeudraeth, bringing an economic boom to the town; the plant produced thousands of tons of munitions for the war and explosives for quarrying and mining.
In 1949, R. T. Cooke applied for a licence to store explosives at Croesor Quarry, in Penrhyndeudraeth. Many lives were lost in accidents at the works, there is a slate plaque to remember them and everyone who worked there; the prolonged miners' strike of 1984 and the competition from foreign coal imports resulted in wholesale pit closures which, in turn, reduced the demand for mining explosives to the point where production was no longer economic and the site was cleared in 1997. It is now a nature reserve notable for the presence in summer of nightjars. Another 19th-century industry in the district is Garth Quarry at Minffordd, established in 1870 to make granite setts for road building in towns and cities. Like the explosives industry, the quarry relied on the coming of the Cambrian Railways in 1872; the quarry now produces roadstone and railway ballast. The town is at the junction of the A487 with the A4085 which connects with Beddgelert and Caernarfon; the first section of this road is narrow and rises steeply through Upper Penrhyn.
In places it is so narrow. To the sout
Bala is a market town and community in Gwynedd, Wales. An urban district, Bala lies within the historic county of Merionethshire, it lies at the north end of Llyn Tegid, 17 miles north-east of Dolgellau, with a population taken in the United Kingdom Census 2011 of 1,974. It is little more than this being Stryd Fawr; the High Street and its shops can be quite busy in the summer months with many tourists. Bala was ranked as having the 20th highest percentage of Welsh language speakers in Wales by electoral division, in the United Kingdom Census 2011. According to the census, 78.5% of Bala's population can speak Welsh. The Tower of Bala is a tumulus or "moat-hill" thought to mark the site of a Roman camp. In the 18th century, the town was well known for the manufacture of flannel, stockings and hosiery; the large stone-built theological college, Coleg Y Bala, of the Calvinistic Methodists and the grammar school, founded in 1712, are the chief features, together with the statue of the Rev. Thomas Charles, the theological writer, to whom was due the foundation of the British and Foreign Bible Society.
In 1800 a 15-year-old girl, Mary Jones, walked the 25 miles from her home village Llanfihangel-y-Pennant to purchase a bible in Bala. The scarcity of the Bible, along with the determination of Mary to get one, was a major factor in the foundation of the British and Foreign Bible Society in 1804. Betsi Cadwaladr, who worked with Florence Nightingale in the Crimea, who gave her name to the Health Board, came from Bala. Other famous people from the Bala area include Michael D. Jones, Christopher Timothy, Owen Morgan Edwards, born in Llanuwchllyn, T. E. Ellis, born in Cefnddwysarn. Bala hosted the National Eisteddfod in 1967, 1997 and 2009; the 2009 Eisteddfod was notable because the chair was not awarded to any of the entrants as the standard was deemed to be too low. Bala hosted the Eisteddfod Genedlaethol yr Urdd Gobaith Cymru, National Eisteddfod for the Welsh League of Youth, in 2014. On 16 June 2016, Bala's name was changed to Bale temporarily in honour of Real Madrid forward Gareth Bale; this was only for the duration of UEFA Euro 2016.
The Welsh word bala refers to the outflow of a lake. Bala, Canada, was named after the town in 1868, they have become twin towns. Set within the Bala Fault, Bala Lake is the largest natural lake in Wales at 4 miles in length and half a mile wide. At 138 feet, its depths could hide the tower of St Giles Church in Wrexham and still have 3 feet of water above; the lake has been known to freeze over—most in the severe winters of 1947 and 1963. The rare Gwyniad fish — trapped in the lake at the end of the last Ice Age, some 10,000 years ago — is in danger because its natural home is unsuitable. A member of the whitefish family, it is found only in Bala Lake. Cwm Hirnant, a valley running south from Bala, gives its name to the Hirnantian Age in the Ordovician Period of geological time; the town lies on the A494, a major trunk road that leads to Dolgellau, 18 miles to the southwest, to Ruthin and Queensferry to the northwest. The closest major urban areas to Bala are Wrexham at 30 miles, Chester at 40 miles, Liverpool, 52 miles to the northeast.
Nearby villages include Llanfor, Llanycil, Llangywer and Rhos-y-gwaliau. The Afon Tryweryn, a river fed from Llyn Celyn which runs through Bala, is world-famous for its white water kayaking. International governing bodies, the International Canoe Federation, the European Canoe Union and the British Canoe Union all hold national and international events there; the Canolfan Tryweryn National Whitewater Centre has its home in Bala. There are at least three local campsites that cater for the influx of canoeists from many parts of the world. An annual music festival known as'Wa Bala' is held in the town; the venue is similar in format to Dolgellau's Sesiwn Fawr. Nearby are the mountains Aran Fawddwy and Arenig Fawr. Coleg y Bala is at the top of the hill on the road towards Llyn Celyn; the Victoria Hall is a small old cinema, a community hall. There are several chapels: notably Capel Capel Bach; the livestock market on Arenig Street is still going strong. Bro Eryl estate was built just after World War II.
Mary Jones World, a heritage centre about Mary Jones and her Bible is located just outside the village. Bala has been served by various railway stations on the Great Western Railway: Bala Lake Halt railway station was Bala's first station, on the Bala and Dolgelly Railway Bala railway station - Bala's second station, on the Festiniog and Blaenau Railway Bala Junction railway station - The meeting point of the Bala and Dolgellau Railway and Bala Railway and the Bala and Festiniog Railway The Bala Lake Railway runs for 4.5 miles from Llanuwchllyn to the edge of the town, along a section of the former trackbed of the Great Western Railway line between Ruabon and Barmouth. It terminates at Bala railway station, which opened in 1976 on the site of the former Lake Halt station. Bala is home to Welsh Premier League football club Bala Town F. C. who play at Maes Tegid. Bala's local rugby club is Bala RFC. Michael D. Jones, a Welsh Congregationalist minister, principal of Bala theological college, a founder of the Welsh settlement in Patagonia and one of the fathers of modern Welsh nationalism, was born in Llanuwchlyn.
Christopher Timothy, born in Bala. As with the rest of the UK, Bala benefi
Abergynolwyn is a village in southern Gwynedd, located at the confluence of the Nant Gwernol and the Afon Dysynni. The population of the community, named after the village of Llanfihangel-y-Pennant was 339 at the 2011 census; the village was part of Merionethshire and its main industry was slate quarrying. The village was founded in the 1860s to house workers at the nearby Bryn Eglwys quarry; the quarry brought in migrant workers from other areas of Wales and at one time the village had an Anglican church and three nonconformist chapels. The slate was shipped to the coast on the Talyllyn Railway. A decline in the demand for Welsh slate caused reductions in the workforce, the quarry closed in 1948. Today farming and tourism are the major local industries; the village pub, the Railway Inn, is named after the Talyllyn Railway whose narrow gauge branch once reached into the heart of the village down an incline from a ledge on the hillside above. The railway now terminates at Nant Gwernol station above the village, although for many years the terminus was at Abergynolwyn Station outside the village.
Llyn Mwyngil, just upstream from Abergynolwyn is an unspoilt lake created when a massive landslide blocked the valley long ago. Hiking trails to the summit of Cadair Idris start from here; the Iron Age fort on Craig yr Aderyn shows that the area was strategically important in prehistoric times. In 1221, the mediaeval Welsh castle of Castell y Bere near Llanfihangel-y-pennant was built by Llewellyn the Great, occupied by the Welsh and besieged by forces under Edward I of England in 1282. Village website