Eagle is the common name for many large birds of prey of the family Accipitridae. Eagles belong to several groups of genera, not all of which are related. Most of the 60 species of eagle are from Africa. Outside this area, just 14 species can be found—2 in North America, 9 in Central and South America, 3 in Australia. Eagles are large, powerfully built birds of prey, with heavy beaks; the smallest eagles, such as the booted eagle, comparable in size to a common buzzard or red-tailed hawk, have longer and more evenly broad wings, more direct, faster flight – despite the reduced size of aerodynamic feathers. Most eagles are larger than any other raptors apart from some vultures; the smallest species of eagle is the South Nicobar serpent eagle, at 40 cm. The largest species are discussed below. Like all birds of prey, eagles have large, hooked beaks for ripping flesh from their prey, muscular legs, powerful talons; the beak is heavier than that of most other birds of prey. Eagles' eyes are powerful.
It is estimated that the martial eagle, whose eye is more than twice as long as a human eye, has a visual acuity 3.0 to 3.6 times that of humans. This acuity enables eagles to spot potential prey from a long distance; this keen eyesight is attributed to their large pupils which ensure minimal diffraction of the incoming light. The female of all known species of eagles is larger than the male. Eagles build their nests, called eyries, in tall trees or on high cliffs. Many species lay two eggs, but the older, larger chick kills its younger sibling once it has hatched; the dominant chick tends to be a female. The parents take no action to stop the killing. Due to the size and power of many eagle species, they are ranked at the top of the food chain as apex predators in the avian world; the type of prey varies by genus. The Haliaeetus and Ichthyophaga eagles prefer to capture fish, though the species in the former capture various animals other water birds, are powerful kleptoparasites of other birds.
The snake and serpent eagles of the genera Circaetus and Spilornis predominantly prey on the great diversity of snakes found in the tropics of Africa and Asia. The eagles of the genus Aquila are the top birds of prey in open habitats, taking any medium-sized vertebrate they can catch. Where Aquila eagles are absent, other eagles, such as the buteonine black-chested buzzard-eagle of South America, may assume the position of top raptorial predator in open areas. Many other eagles, including the species-rich genus Spizaetus, live predominantly in woodlands and forest; these eagles target various arboreal or ground-dwelling mammals and birds, which are unsuspectingly ambushed in such dense, knotty environments. Hunting techniques differ among the species and genera, with some individual eagles having engaged in quite varied techniques based their environment and prey at any given time. Most eagles grab prey without landing and take flight with it, so the prey can be carried to a perch and torn apart.
The bald eagle is noted for having flown with the heaviest load verified to be carried by any flying bird, since one eagle flew with a 6.8 kg mule deer fawn. However, a few eagles may target prey heavier than themselves. Golden and crowned eagles have killed ungulates weighing up to 30 kg and a martial eagle killed a 37 kg duiker, 7–8 times heavier than the preying eagle. Authors on birds David Allen Sibley, Pete Dunne, Clay Sutton described the behavioral difference between hunting eagles and other birds of prey thus: They have at least one singular characteristic, it has been observed. All hawks seem to have this habit, from the smallest kestrel to the largest Ferruginous – but not the Eagles. Among the eagles are some of the largest birds of prey: only the condors and some of the Old World vultures are markedly larger, it is debated which should be considered the largest species of eagle. They could be measured variously in body mass, or wingspan. Different lifestyle needs among various eagles result in variable measurements from species to species.
For example, many forest-dwelling eagles, including the large harpy eagle, have short wingspans, a feature necessary for being able to maneuver in quick, short bursts through densely forested habitats. Eagles in the genus Aquila, though found strictly in open country, are superlative soarers, have long wings for their size; these lists of the top five eagles are based on weight and wingspan, respectively. Unless otherwise noted by reference, the figures listed are the median reported for each measurement in the guide Raptors of the World in which only measurements that could be verified by the authors were listed. Australasian Australia: wedge-tailed eagle, white-bellied sea-eagle, little eagle. New Guinea: Papuan eagle, white-bellied sea-eagle, pygmy eagle. Nearctic: golden eagle, bald eagle. Neotropical: Spizaetus, solitary eagles, harpy eagle, crested eagle, black-chested buzzard-eagle
Peru the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America. It is bordered in the north by Ecuador and Colombia, in the east by Brazil, in the southeast by Bolivia, in the south by Chile, in the west by the Pacific Ocean. Peru is a megadiverse country with habitats ranging from the arid plains of the Pacific coastal region in the west to the peaks of the Andes mountains vertically extending from the north to the southeast of the country to the tropical Amazon Basin rainforest in the east with the Amazon river. Peruvian territory was home to several ancient cultures. Ranging from the Norte Chico civilization in the 32nd century BC, the oldest civilization in the Americas and one of the five cradles of civilization, to the Inca Empire, the largest state in pre-Columbian America, the territory now including Peru has one of the longest histories of civilization of any country, tracing its heritage back to the 4th millennia BCE; the Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century and established a viceroyalty that encompassed most of its South American colonies, with its capital in Lima.
Peru formally proclaimed independence in 1821, following the military campaigns of José de San Martín and Simón Bolívar, the decisive battle of Ayacucho, Peru secured independence in 1824. In the ensuing years, the country enjoyed relative economic and political stability, which ended shortly before the War of the Pacific with Chile. Throughout the 20th century, Peru endured armed territorial disputes, social unrest, internal conflicts, as well as periods of stability and economic upswing. Alberto Fujimori was elected to the presidency in 1990. Fujimori left the presidency in 2000 and was charged with human rights violations and imprisoned until his pardon by President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski in 2017. After the president's regime, Fujimori's followers, called Fujimoristas, have caused political turmoil for any opposing faction in power causing Pedro Pablo Kuczynski to resign in March 2018; the sovereign state of Peru is a representative democratic republic divided into 25 regions. It is classified as an emerging market with a high level of human development and an upper middle income level with a poverty rate around 19 percent.
It is one of the region's most prosperous economies with an average growth rate of 5.9% and it has one of the world's fastest industrial growth rates at an average of 9.6%. Its main economic activities include mining, manufacturing and fishing; the country forms part of The Pacific Pumas, a political and economic grouping of countries along Latin America's Pacific coast that share common trends of positive growth, stable macroeconomic foundations, improved governance and an openness to global integration. Peru ranks high in social freedom. Peru has a population of 32 million, which includes Amerindians, Europeans and Asians; the main spoken language is Spanish, although a significant number of Peruvians speak Quechua or other native languages. This mixture of cultural traditions has resulted in a wide diversity of expressions in fields such as art, cuisine and music; the name of the country may be derived from Birú, the name of a local ruler who lived near the Bay of San Miguel, Panama City, in the early 16th century.
When his possessions were visited by Spanish explorers in 1522, they were the southernmost part of the New World yet known to Europeans. Thus, when Francisco Pizarro explored the regions farther south, they came to be designated Birú or Perú. An alternative history is provided by the contemporary writer Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, son of an Inca princess and a conquistador, he said the name Birú was that of a common Indian happened upon by the crew of a ship on an exploratory mission for governor Pedro Arias de Ávila, went on to relate more instances of misunderstandings due to the lack of a common language. The Spanish Crown gave the name legal status with the 1529 Capitulación de Toledo, which designated the newly encountered Inca Empire as the province of Peru. Under Spanish rule, the country adopted the denomination Viceroyalty of Peru, which became Republic of Peru after independence; the earliest evidences of human presence in Peruvian territory have been dated to 9,000 BC. Andean societies were based on agriculture, terracing.
Organization relied on reciprocity and redistribution because these societies had no notion of market or money. The oldest known complex society in Peru, the Norte Chico civilization, flourished along the coast of the Pacific Ocean between 3,000 and 1,800 BC; these early developments were followed by archaeological cultures that developed around the coastal and Andean regions throughout Peru. The Cupisnique culture which flourished from around 1000 to 200 BC along what is now Peru's Pacific Coast was an example of early pre-Incan culture; the Chavín culture that developed from 1500 to 300 BC was more of a religious than a political phenomenon, with their religious centre in Chavín de Huantar. After the decline of the Chavin culture around the beginning of the 1st century AD, a series of localized and specialized cultures rose and fell
Kindergarten is a preschool educational approach based on playing, practical activities such as drawing, social interaction as part of the transition from home to school. Such institutions were created in the late 18th century in Bavaria and Strasbourg to serve children whose parents both worked outside home; the term was coined by the German Friedrich Fröbel, whose approach globally influenced early-years education. Today, the term is used in many countries to describe a variety of educational institutions and learning spaces for children ranging from two to seven years of age, based on a variety of teaching methods. In 1779, Johann Friedrich Oberlin and Louise Scheppler founded in Strasbourg an early establishment for caring for and educating pre-school children whose parents were absent during the day. At about the same time, in 1780, similar infant establishments were established in Bavaria. In 1802, Princess Pauline zur Lippe established a preschool center in Detmold, the capital of the principality of Lippe, Germany.
In 1816, Robert Owen, a philosopher and pedagogue, opened the first British and globally the first infants school in New Lanark, Scotland. In conjunction with his venture for cooperative mills Owen wanted the children to be given a good moral education so that they would be fit for work, his system was successful in producing obedient children with basic numeracy. Samuel Wilderspin opened his first infant school in London in 1819, went on to establish hundreds more, he published many works on the subject, his work became the model for infant schools throughout England and further afield. Play was an important part of Wilderspin's system of education, he is credited with inventing the playground. In 1823, Wilderspin published based on the school, he began working for the Infant School Society the next year. He wrote The Infant System, for developing the physical and moral powers of all children from 1 to seven years of age. Countess Theresa Brunszvik, who had known and been influenced by Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, was influenced by this example to open an Angyalkert on May 27, 1828, in her residence in Buda, the first of eleven care centers that she founded for young children.
In 1836 she established an institute for the foundation of preschool centers. The idea became popular among the nobility and the middle class and was copied throughout the Kingdom of Hungary. Friedrich Fröbel opened a "play and activity" institute in 1837 in the village of Bad Blankenburg in the principality of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, Thuringia, as an experimental social experience for children entering school, he renamed his institute Kindergarten on June 28, 1840, reflecting his belief that children should be nurtured and nourished "like plants in a garden". Women trained by Fröbel opened kindergartens around the world; the first kindergarten in the US was founded in Watertown, Wisconsin in 1856 and was conducted in German by Margaretha Meyer-Schurz. Elizabeth Peabody founded the first English-language kindergarten in the US in 1860; the first free kindergarten in the US was founded in 1870 by Conrad Poppenhusen, a German industrialist and philanthropist, who established the Poppenhusen Institute.
The first publicly financed kindergarten in the US was established in St. Louis in 1873 by Susan Blow. Canada's first private kindergarten was opened by the Wesleyan Methodist Church in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, in 1870. By the end of the decade, they were common in cities. In 1882, The country's first public-school kindergartens were established in Berlin, Ontario at the Central School. In 1885, the Toronto Normal School opened a department for kindergarten teaching. Elizabeth Harrison wrote extensively on the theory of early childhood education and worked to enhance educational standards for kindergarten teachers by establishing what became the National College of Education in 1886. In Afghanistan, children between the ages of 3 and 6 attend kindergartens. Although kindergartens in Afghanistan are not part of the school system, they are run by the government. Early Childhood Development programs were first introduced during the Soviet occupation with the establishment in 1980 of 27 urban preschools, or kodakistan.
The number of preschools grew during the 1980s, peaking in 1990 with more than 270 in Afghanistan. At this peak, there were 2,300 teachers caring for more than 21,000 children in the country; these facilities were an urban phenomenon in Kabul, were attached to schools, government offices, or factories. Based on the Soviet model, these Early Childhood Development programs provided nursery care and kindergarten for children from 3 months to 6 years of age under the direction of the Department of Labor and Social Welfare; the vast majority of Afghan families were never exposed to this system, many of these families were in opposition to these programs due to the belief that it diminishes the central role of the family and inculcates children with Soviet values. With the onset of civil war after the Soviet withdrawal, the number of kindergartens dropped rapidly. By 1995, only 88 functioning facilities serving 2,110 children survived, the Taliban restrictions on female employment eliminated all of the remaining centers in areas under their control.
In 2007, there were about 260 kindergarten/pre-school centers serving over 25,000 children. Though every government c
Javier Pérez de Cuéllar
Javier Felipe Ricardo Pérez de Cuéllar de la Guerra KCMG is a Peruvian diplomat who served as the fifth Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1, 1982 to December 31, 1991. He ran unsuccessfully against Alberto Fujimori for President of Peru in 1995 and following Fujimori's resignation over corruption charges, he was Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs from November 2000 until July 2001. In September 2004, he stepped down from his position as Peru's Ambassador to France, where he resided, he is a member of the Club de Madrid, a group of more than 100 former Presidents and Prime Ministers of democratic countries, which works to strengthen democracy worldwide. At the age of 99 years, 84 days, Pérez de Cuéllar is both the oldest living former Peruvian prime minister and Secretary General of the United Nations. Javier Pérez de Cuéllar was born on January 1920 in Lima, he studied in Colegio San Agustín of Lima, at Pontifical Catholic University of Peru. Pérez de Cuéllar joined the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1940 and the diplomatic service in 1944, serving subsequently as Secretary at Peru's embassy in France, where he met and married his first wife, Yvette Roberts.
He held posts in the United Kingdom and Brazil, served as ambassador to Switzerland, the Soviet Union and Venezuela. From his first marriage, he has a son, born in Paris, a daughter, Águeda Cristina, born in London, he was a junior member of the Peruvian delegation to the first session of the General Assembly, which convened in London in 1946, a member of the delegations to the 25th through 30th sessions of the Assembly. In 1971, he was appointed permanent representative of Peru to the United Nations, he led his country's delegation to all sessions of the Assembly from until 1975. In 1973 and 1974, he represented his country in the Security Council, serving as its President at the time of the events in Cyprus in July 1974. On September 18, 1975, he was appointed Special Representative of the Secretary-General in Cyprus – a post he held until December 1977, when he rejoined the Peruvian Foreign Service. On 29 October 1975, in Cyprus, Mr. Pérez de Cuéllar married his second wife, the former Marcela Temple Seminario with whom he had no children.
On February 27, 1979, he was appointed as United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Special Political Affairs. From April 1981, while still holding this post, he acted as the Secretary-General's Personal Representative on the situation relating to Afghanistan. In that capacity, he visited Pakistan and Afghanistan in April and August of that year in order to continue the negotiations initiated by the Secretary-General some months earlier. On December 31, 1981, Pérez de Cuéllar succeeded Kurt Waldheim as Secretary-General and was re-elected for a second term in October 1986. During his two terms, he led mediations between Britain and Argentina in the aftermath of the Falklands War and promoted the efforts of the Contadora Group to bring peace and stability to Central America, he interceded in the negotiations for the independence of Namibia, the conflict in Western Sahara between Morocco and the Polisario Front, the war between Croatian forces seeking independence and the Yugoslav federal as well as local Serb forces, the Cyprus issue.
He presided in 1986 an international arbitration committee that ruled on the Rainbow Warrior incident between New Zealand and France. In 1983 he initiated the World Commission on Environment and Development in order to unite countries to pursue sustainable development. Shortly before the end of his second term, he rejected an unofficial request by members of the Security Council to reconsider his earlier decision not to run for a third term, shortened to two years, as a search for his successor had not, as of yielded a consensus candidate. A candidate was found in late December 1991, his second term as Secretary-General concluded, as scheduled, on December 31, 1991. On July 22, 2005, Pérez de Cuéllar suffered a heart attack and was admitted to a hospital in Paris, he was released on July 30. On June 19, 2017, with a lifespan of 35,581 days he surpassed Alfredo Solf y Muro in terms of longevity and is now the oldest former Prime Minister in Peru's history. On 24 October 2018, it was reported.
The report was denied. Pérez de Cuéllar was portrayed by Arturo Venegas in the 2002 BBC production of Ian Curteis's controversial The Falklands Play. On August 30, 2017, as a follow up to the Black Swan Project, Spanish naval authorities salvaged the artillary remains of the frigate Nuestra Señora de las Mercedes which had sank in 1804 and two of whose bronze cannons, weighing between 2 and 3 tons each, had been cast in Lima by Sevilian smelter Bernardino de Tejeda. Two of Tejeda's direct descendents and the members of the 1942 team in charge of the restoration of his sepulchral crypt were the future Peruvian Ambassadors Carlos Pérez Cánepa and Mr. Pérez de Cuéllar 24 and 22 years old, respectively. 1992: Freedom medal National University of San Marcos Pontifical Catholic University of Peru University of Lima Journalistic prize Golden Doves for Peace issued by the Italian Research Institute Archivio Disarmo US Presidential Medal of Freedom awarded in 1991 by George H. W. Bush, under section Other Political Figures.
Member, Inter-American Dialogue List of oldest living state leaders George Bush Presidential Library & Museum Official U. N. S. G. Biography Appearances on C-SPAN
Jaime Cuadra is a music producer, marketing specialist and voiceover artist. Cuadra is Peruvian Cultural Ambassador, he went to school at Colegio San Agustín in Lima. He began his career young in the music industry with his father's recording studio in 1985 as an audio engineer. In 1986, he studied music with Victor Cuadros and Pepe Torres, in 1985 he start his rock'n roll band called "Graffiti". In 1988 he studied cinematography / Filmmaking at Robles Godoy Institute. In 1989 he traveled to Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, to do a course of audio post production and music composing at the Vancouver Film School. In 1990—1992 Cuadra studied Marketing and Media production at IPP while recording and producing his first CD as a solo singer, "Jaime Cuadra", a pop fusion of Afro-Peruvian music for El Virrey, for which he won the 91-92 "Circe" awards. In 1993, he studied music scoring and composition with Jorge Madueño recorded his second album "Baila Mi Son" for the same record label. In 2019, he accomplish his specialization in Berklee College of music in “Music Production”.
Jaime Cuadra have 2 daughters of his first marriage: Alessandra Cuadra. Cuadra lives since 2016 in the United States from. In 2005 he start a new company called "Quadrasonic Ideas", an independent music label besides his professional recording studio, with this label he produced: "Cholo Soy: Peruvian Waltz Chillout", in June 2006. In September 2006, he won his first gold record. In 2008 he composed and licensed 3 songs for the James Bond movie "Quantum of Solace". In 2009 Cuadra releases in Lima and New York his Latin Jazz album"Latino" this album won 2 Gold and 1 Platinum Records. Cuadra was a speaker of the Miami Hispanicize 2017 Convention. Jaime Cuadra was a Judge in the 2018 Independent Music Awards in New York.in July 2018 Jaime received a special recognition from the United States Congress for his outstanding and invaluable artistic work contributing to the community. This recognition was delivered by the congresswoman Grace Meng. In January 2017 Cuadra launches its first YouTube channel titled QuadraTube where weekly share videos about their experience in the music industry and audio.
Https://www.youtube.com/c/QuadraTube In January 2018 he began to produce with Lalo Paredes his new Album following the style of his award-winning album LATINO where he will continue with Latin music standards with his innovative and always fresh style. The launch is expected by the end of 2018. JAIME CUADRA is director of quadramusicstudios.com, he continues producing albums, making live presentations of all his projects and he is composer of music for cinema and advertising. In 2018 was the Media Director at Nucleus Marketing agency There he is producing the podcast "Como llegue aqui". In July 2018 releases his first album as a composer called “INÉDITO - Wordless Journey”. Clio Awards Ojo de IberoAmerica Awards New York Festivals Independent Music Award, Best World Fusion Album for Cholo Soy Peruvian Waltz Chillout Silver Lion, CANNES for audio "Duracell" Best Radio AD: http://www.mercadonegro.pe/tres-campanas-peruanas-ganaron-cannes-lions-radio/ Empresa Peruana del Año Award, Best Recording Studio of the year Indecopi Peru Music Producer of the year Apdayc Awards Best Music Producer of the year Miradas Awards Music Producer of the Year and Best Album: RAZA Gold & Platinum Records for the albums: CHOLO SOY, CHOLO SOY 2, CHOLO 3, LATINO, NAVIDAD A VOCES & RAZA: http://www.atv.pe/espectaculos/jaime-cuadra-recibio-tercer-disco-de-oro-por-cholo-3-139187 http://andina.pe/AGENCIA/noticia-jaime-cuadra-y-coro-arpegio-a-punto-del-disco-oro-navidad-a-voces-267442.aspx Jaime Cuadra - Discos El Virrey 1991 Baila mi son - Discos El Virrey 1993 Cholo soy-Peruvian waltz chillout - Play music & Video - 2006 Cholo soy remixed - Play music & video - 2006 Cholo soy for babies - Play music & video - 2007 Cholo soy 2 - Play music & video - 2007 Cholo soy remixed 2 - Play music & video - 2007 Chill 80s en espanol - Play music & video - 2008 Boleros Infussion - 11 y 6 Discos - 2008 LATINO - Play music & video - 2009 Navidad a voces - Play music & video - 2009 Peru a voces - Play music & video - 2010 Cholo 3 - Play music & video/ 11 y 6 discos - 2013 RAZA Andean funkylicious - Play music & video - 2015 Inédito - Quadra Studios - 2018 Abre tus manos - Quadra Studios - Song produced for CNN Hero 2018 Ricardo Pun who have a shelter in Lima that helps the poorest kids with cancer in Peru - 2019 Yo Mujer - Quadra Studios - 2019 - song produced for “Vida de Exito” shelter for recovered children of Human Trafficking in Cusco, Peru.
Doctor of Medicine
A Doctor of Medicine is a medical degree, the meaning of which varies between different jurisdictions. In the United States and other countries, the MD denotes a professional graduate degree awarded upon graduation from medical school. In the United Kingdom and other countries, the MD is a research doctorate, higher doctorate, honorary doctorate or applied clinical degree restricted to those who hold a professional degree in medicine. In 1703, the University of Glasgow's first medical graduate, Samuel Benion, was issued with the academic degree of Doctor of Medicine. University medical education in England culminated with the MB qualification, in Scotland the MD, until in the mid-19th century the public bodies who regulated medical practice at the time required practitioners in Scotland as well as England to hold the dual Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery degrees. North American medical schools switched to the tradition of the ancient universities of Scotland and began granting the MoD title rather than the MB beginning in the late 18th century.
The Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York was the first American university to grant the MD degree instead of the MB. Early medical schools in North America that granted the Doctor of Medicine degrees were Columbia, Harvard, McGill; these first few North American medical schools that were established were founded by physicians and surgeons, trained in England and Scotland. A feminine form, "Doctress of Medicine" or Medicinae Doctrix, was used by the New England Female Medical College in Boston in the 1860s. In most countries having a Doctor of Medicine degree does not mean that the individual will be allowed to practice medicine. A doctor must go through a residency for at least four years and take some form of licensing examination in their jurisdiction. In Afghanistan, medical education begins after high school. No pre-medicine courses or bachelor's degree is required. Eligibility is determined through the rank applicants obtain in the public university entrance exam held every year throughout the country.
Entry to medical school is competitive, only students with the highest ranks are accepted into medical programs. The primary medical degree is completed in 7 years. According to the new medical curriculum, during the 12th semester, medical students must complete research on a medical topic and provide a thesis as part of their training. Medical graduates are awarded a certificate in general medicine, regarded "MD" and validated by the "Ministry of Higher Education of Afghanistan". All physicians are to obtain licensing and a medical council registration number from the "Ministry of Public Health" before they begin to practice, they may subsequently specialize in a specific medical field at medical schools offering the necessary qualifications. After graduation, students may complete residency; the MD specification: Before the civil wars in Afghanistan, medical education used to be taught by foreign professors or Afghan professors who studied medical education abroad. The Kabul medical institute certified the students as "Master of Medicine".
After the civil wars, medical education has changed, the MD certification has been reduced to "Medicine Bachelor". In Argentina, the First Degree of Physician or Physician Diplomate is equivalent to the North American MD Degree with six years of intensive studies followed by three or four years of residency as a major specialty in a particular empiric field, consisting of internships, social services and sporadic research. Only by holding a Medical Title can the postgraduate student apply for the Doctor degree through a Doctorate in Medicine program approved by the National Commission for University Evaluation and Accreditation. Australian medical schools have followed the British tradition by conferring the degrees of Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery to its graduates whilst reserving the title of Doctor of Medicine for their research training degree, analogous to the PhD, or for their honorary doctorates. Although the majority of Australian MBBS degrees have been graduate programs since the 1990s, under the previous Australian Qualifications Framework they remained categorized as Level 7 Bachelor's degrees together with other undergraduate programs.
The latest version of the AQF includes the new category of Level 9 Master's degrees which permits the use of the term'Doctor' in the styling of the degree title of relevant professional programs. As a result, various Australian medical schools have replaced their MBBS degrees with the MD to resolve the previous anomalous nomenclature. With the introduction of the Master's level MD, universities have renamed their previous medical research doctorates; the University of Melbourne was the first to introduce the MD in 2011 as a basic medical degree, has renamed its research degree to Doctor of Medical Science. In French-speaking Belgium, the medical degree awarded after six years of study is "Docteur en Médecine". Physicians would have to register with the Ordre des Medicins to practice medicine in the country. At the end of the six-year medical programs from Bulgarian medical schools, medical students are awarded the academic degree Master in Medicine and the professional title Physician - Doctor of Medicine.
After 6 years of general medical education, all students will graduate with
Jaime Bayly Letts is a Peruvian writer and television personality. He is the third of 9 children and is known as "El niño terrible", he has won an Emmy Award and two of his books have been adapted into international movies. Bayly was born to an upper class Anglo-Peruvian family, he was the first son and the third of nine children of James Bayly Llona and his wife, Doris Letts Colmenares. He studied at Markham College, a British private school in Lima, at Colegio San Agustín of Lima. In his youth, he was convinced by his mother to work at the daily newspaper La Prensa of Lima in order to become more responsible through a part-time job. In 1982 he was accepted to the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú. After studying for four years, he had to leave the university as he could not pass a mandatory subject, his first television appearance was in 1983 during Peru's municipal elections, interviewing candidates and politicians. On, he began a career as a late show host interviewing celebrities. Bayly's first late-night show, 1990 en America, got the attention of TV critics.
The following year he hosted a copy of David Letterman's Late Show called ¿Qué hay de nuevo?. During the 1990s Bayly hosted late-night shows in the United States at CBS Telenoticias Network Latin America and Telemundo for six years. After President of Peru Alberto Fujimori sought asylum in Japan in 2001 following a ten-year term in order to avoid prosecution on charges of corruption, independent news media found itself in a better position. Bayly was able to host political program El Francotirador, interviewing candidates to the 2001 presidential election. In that program, he offended several personalities with his political opinions, had to quit. Inspired by the experience, Bayly wrote a book, he resumed the program. In 2006, he supported right-wing Lourdes Flores for presidency. In 2010, Bayly announced he intended to run for president in the Peruvian general election, 2011 to succeed Alan García; that year, he supported leftist candidate Susana Villaran in her successful campaign to become mayor of Lima.
As a consequence, broadcasting company Frecuencia Latina cancelled his show. On his U. S. program which airs on the Miami-based MegaTV channel, Bayly is well known for his views which have included sharp criticism of the Venezuelan government of Hugo Chávez. Bayly returned to Peru in July 2013 for an interview hosted by Jaime de Althaus in his program of Channel N. In the interview, he made a statement that he will run for the Presidency under the banner of the party Popular Action. In 2011, he intended to run under various parties like the Christian People's Party. Suncoast Regional EMMY® - On Camera Talent – Commentator/Editorialist - 2008 - - WinnerGLAAD Media Visibilidad - 2007Planeta de Novela - 2005 - - Runner-upHerralde de Novela - 1997 - - Winner His novel No se lo Digas a Nadie inspired a screenplay for a film of the same title, directed by Francisco Lombardi, starring Santiago Magill and Christian Meier, he wrote all of them on politics, sexual freedom and friendship. Several of his books contain recurring semi-autobiographical elements.
The character for "El Cojo" is based on his father, crippled. His characters are heartless, reflect moral ambivalence, which makes it difficult to identify with them. No se lo Digas a Nadie, 1994. Fue Ayer y No Me Acuerdo 1995 Los últimos días de'La Prensa', 1996 La Noche es Virgen, 1997. El Huracán Lleva tu Nombre, 2004 Y de Repente, Un Ángel, 2005, finalist of Premio Planeta El Canalla Sentimental, 2008 El Cojo y el Loco, 2009 Morirás Mañana: El Escritor Sale a Matar, 2010 Morirás mañana 2: El misterio de Alma Rossi, 2011 Morirás mañana 3: Escupirán sobre mi tumba, 2012 La lluvia del tiempo, 2014 El niño terrible y la escritora maldita, 2016 Pecho frío, 2018 Tongo Media related to Jaime Bayly at Wikimedia Commons Jaime Bayly in NTN24 from Bogotá, Colombia – November 2009