U.S. Route 84
U. S. Route 84 is an east–west U. S. Highway, it started as a short Georgia–Alabama route in the original 1926 scheme, but by 1941 it had been extended all the way to Colorado. The highway's eastern terminus is a short distance east of Midway, Georgia, at an interchange with Interstate 95; the road continues toward the nearby Atlantic Ocean as a county road. Its western terminus is in Pagosa Springs, Colorado, at an intersection with U. S. 160. The section from Brunswick, Georgia to Roscoe, Texas has been designated by five state legislatures as part of the El Camino East/West Corridor; the designation was in recognition of its history as a migration route from the Atlantic coast to the present Mexico–United States border, one of the routes that Spanish settlers called El Camino Real. The designation is intended to promote the route for both tourism and NAFTA-facilitated trade with Mexico. States are asking for federal funds to widen the US 84 El Camino East/West Corridor; the western terminus of US 84, Pagosa Springs, was made famous by C. W. McCall in the 1975 song and album Wolf Creek Pass.
US 84 ends 1 mile east of downtown Pagosa Springs at a T-intersection with US 160. South of Pagosa Springs, the 28 miles of the Colorado section of US 84 pass through a portion of San Juan National Forest; the highway climbs Confar Hill, a drainage divide between the Rio Blanco and Navajo River, before descending into the village of Chromo and passing into New Mexico. US 84 enters Rio Arriba County, New Mexico 28 miles south of its terminus at US 160. About 6 miles south of the Colorado–New Mexico state line, US 64 comes from the west and travels concurrently with US 84 for the next 28 miles. Only 3 miles east of this intersection, the concurrency crosses the Continental Divide at Sargent Pass, elevation 7,718 feet above sea level or more than 3,100 feet lower than Wolf Creek Pass, the next Continental Divide highway pass to the north. Therefore, only 37 miles of US 84 are located west of the Continental Divide. About 12 miles east of the intersection, US 64/US 84 enters the town of Chama. At a T-intersection, New Mexico State Road 17 enters from the north and terminates at said intersection, while US 64 and US 84 enter from the south and west.
After heading south from Chama, US 64 and US 84 combine for about 14 miles to Tierra Amarilla, where US 64 departs from US 84 and heads southeast, while US 84 continues south. About 57 miles down the road, US 84 is joined by US 285 south of the small community of Chili. About 5 miles further, US 84/US 285 enters the city of Española from the north as North Paseo de Onate Street. At the south end of the town, US 84/US 285 becomes an expressway. About 9 miles further, US 84/US 285 becomes a limited-access freeway. 15 miles further south, the two return to surface street status, travel past downtown Santa Fe via St. Francis Drive. On the south side of Santa Fe at Interstate 25's exit 282A, US 84/US 285 merges with northbound I-25/US 85. All four highways head east and to the south to avoid the Sangre de Cristo Mountains. Just before turning north, US 285 continues south. After winding north and south, the freeway begins heading north, US 84 exits about 55 miles at exit 339 near Romeroville and travels in an east/southeast direction, while I-25/US 85 continue north to Colorado.
Following a path southeast and south for 42 miles, US 84 merges with I-40 at I-40's exit 256. After 17 miles I-40/US 84 enters Santa Rosa. About 21 miles from its confluence with I-40, US 84 diverges at exit 277; the highway travels south/southeast for 42 miles until merging with US 60 in downtown Fort Sumner. From the intersection with US 60, US 60/US 84 travels east, passing through Taiban and Melrose before intersecting US 70 after 61 miles in Clovis. From the intersection with US 70, US 64/US 70/US 84 travels east 8.7 miles entering Texico. Here, about 280 feet before the Texas–New Mexico state line, US 60 splits from US 70/US 84 with US 70/US 84 continuing east into Farwell, Texas. Despite being an east-west route, US-84 is signed as north-south between Ft. Sumner and the Colorado border. US 70/US 84 crosses into Texas at Farwell. After passing through Farwell, US 70/US 84 veers to the southeast, continuing as a concurrency until Muleshoe. From Muleshoe, US 70 leaves the route, while US 84 continues on a southeasterly direction across the level plains of the Llano Estacado.
Along this stretch, US 84 travels parallel to the BNSF Railway, crosses a sandy section called the Muleshoe Dunes, passes Littlefield, the birthplace of country singer Waylon Jennings. US 84 continues in a southeasterly direction through cotton fields and small towns such as Anton and Shallowater entering Lubbock, the largest city in the South Plains and the birthplace of Buddy Holly. Signed as Avenue Q, US 84 passes through the heart of downtown Lubbock before making a sharp easterly turn on the southeast side of the city, where it is known as the Slaton Highway. After bypassing the town of Slaton, US 84 makes another gentle turn to the east, following a southeasterly heading through Post and Roscoe, where it merges with I-20. From this point, US 84 follows I-20, until Abilene, where it leaves the interstate, making a hard southerly turn and forming the western side of a three-quarter loop around the city. From the south side of Abilene, US 84 continues as a concurrency with US 83 (signed as US 84 West/East
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
A city is a large human settlement. Cities have extensive systems for housing, sanitation, land use, communication, their density facilitates interaction between people, government organizations and businesses, sometimes benefiting different parties in the process. City-dwellers have been a small proportion of humanity overall, but following two centuries of unprecedented and rapid urbanization half of the world population now lives in cities, which has had profound consequences for global sustainability. Present-day cities form the core of larger metropolitan areas and urban areas—creating numerous commuters traveling towards city centers for employment and edification. However, in a world of intensifying globalization, all cities are in different degree connected globally beyond these regions; the most populated city proper is Chongqing while the most populous metropolitan areas are the Greater Tokyo Area, the Shanghai area, Jabodetabek. The cities of Faiyum and Varanasi are among those laying claim to longest continual inhabitation.
A city is distinguished from other human settlements by its great size, but by its functions and its special symbolic status, which may be conferred by a central authority. The term can refer either to the physical streets and buildings of the city or to the collection of people who dwell there, can be used in a general sense to mean urban rather than rural territory. A variety of definitions, invoking population, population density, number of dwellings, economic function, infrastructure, are used in national censuses to classify populations as urban. Common population definitions for a city range between 1,500 and 50,000 people, with most U. S. states using a minimum between 5,000 inhabitants. However, some jurisdictions set no such minimums. In the United Kingdom, city status is awarded by the government and remains permanently, resulting in some small cities, such as Wells and St Davids. According to the "functional definition" a city is not distinguished by size alone, but by the role it plays within a larger political context.
Cities serve as administrative, commercial and cultural hubs for their larger surrounding areas. Examples of settlements called city which may not meet any of the traditional criteria to be named such include Broad Top City and City Dulas, Anglesey, a hamlet; the presence of a literate elite is sometimes included in the definition. A typical city has professional administrators and some form of taxation to support the government workers; the governments may be based on heredity, military power, work projects such as canal building, food distribution, land ownership, commerce, finance, or a combination of these. Societies that live in cities are called civilizations; the word city and the related civilization come, via Old French, from the Latin root civitas meaning citizenship or community member and coming to correspond with urbs, meaning city in a more physical sense. The Roman civitas was linked with the Greek "polis"—another common root appearing in English words such as metropolis. Urban geography deals both with their internal structure.
Town siting has varied through history according to natural, technological and military contexts. Access to water has long been a major factor in city placement and growth, despite exceptions enabled by the advent of rail transport in the nineteenth century, through the present most of the world's urban population lives near the coast or on a river. Urban areas as a rule cannot produce their own food and therefore must develop some relationship with a hinterland which sustains them. Only in special cases such as mining towns which play a vital role in long-distance trade, are cities disconnected from the countryside which feeds them. Thus, centrality within a productive region influences siting, as economic forces would in theory favor the creation of market places in optimal mutually reachable locations; the vast majority of cities have a central area containing buildings with special economic and religious significance. Archaeologists refer to this area by the Greek term temenos; these spaces reflect and amplify the city's centrality and importance to its wider sphere of influence.
Today cities have downtown, sometimes coincident with a central business district. Cities have public spaces where anyone can go; these include owned spaces open to the public as well as forms of public land such as public domain and the commons. Western philosophy since the time of the Greek agora has considered physical public space as the substrate of the symbolic public sphere. Public art adorns public spaces. Parks and other natural sites within cities provide residents with relief from the hardness and regularity of typical built environments. Urban structure follows one or more basic patterns: geomorphic, concentric and curvilinear. Physical environment constrains the form in which a city is built. If located on a mountainside, urban structure may rely on winding roads, it may be adapted to its means of subsistence. And it may be set up for optimal defense given the surrounding landscape. Beyond these "geomorphi
Tom Jones (writer)
Tom Jones is an American lyricist and librettist. Jones' best-known work is The Fantasticks, which ran off-Broadway from 1960 until 2002, the hit song from the same, "Try to Remember". Other songs from The Fantasticks include "Soon It's Gonna Rain", "Much More" and "I Can See It", he wrote the screenplay for the 1995 feature film adaptation. Jones acted in a New York City revival of The Fantasticks, which he directed, he played the part of the Old Actor, which he played when the musical opened in 1960, from April 26, 2010, to June 6, 2010. He was credited as an actor in the show as Thomas Bruce; the show is still running at the Snapple Theater. Jones is the author of Making Musicals: An Informal Introduction to the World of Musical Theater, about which Elyse Sommer wrote on January 15, 1998 in CurtainUp: Extremely well organized and packed with interesting information, the first half of the book deals in broad and general terms with the growth and development of the American musical; the second half focuses on the practical "how-to" of putting together a musical, using Jones's own career and shows he's worked on as a springboard...
Since only half the book falls within the category of how-to I'm glad to report that this advice is stick-to-the-ribs solid. No hyperbole. No gratuitous name dropping. All of Jones's major musicals were written with Harvey Schmidt, whom he met at the University of Texas at Austin. Shoestring'57 Demi-Dozen The Fantasticks 110 in the Shade I Do! I Do! Celebration Colette Philemon Grover's Corners Mirette Roadside Maude The Game of Love. Tom Jones | PlaybillVault.com Tom Jones at the Internet Broadway Database Tom Jones on IMDb Tom Jones Downstage Center XM radio interview at American Theatre Wing, September 2006 The Guide to Musical Theatre – Philemon The Guide to Musical Theatre – Roadside
Baird is a city and the county seat of Callahan County, United States. The population was 1,496 at the 2010 census; the city is named after the owner and director of the Texas & Pacific Railway. The railway depot is now operated as a transportation museum. Baird is part of Texas Metropolitan Statistical Area. Baird is located in north-central Callahan County at 32°23′46″N 99°23′50″W. Interstate 20 passes through the northern part of the city, leading west 20 miles to Abilene and east 25 miles to Cisco. U. S. Route 283 crosses the east side of town, leading north 25 miles to Albany and south 41 miles to Coleman. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.7 square miles, of which 2.7 square miles is land and 0.1 square miles, or 2.55%, is water. Baird, Texas was named after a director of the Texas and Pacific Railway, he was sole proprietor of the Baldwin Locomotive Works, the largest locomotive firm in the United States, headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
The city was founded in 1880. In 1993, the Texas Legislature designated Baird as the "Antique Capital of West Texas", it has twelve antique shops. The Callahan County Library was started in 1937 by the Baird Wednesday Club; the Pioneer Museum was added in 1940. Both are located on the basement floor of the Callahan County Courthouse; the museum features farm and ranch implements, household items, barbed wire, documents. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,623 people, 677 households, 429 families residing in the city; the population density was 619.0 people per square mile. There were 806 housing units at an average density of 307.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 90.51% White, 0.18% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.74% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 7.09% from other races, 1.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.43% of the population. There were 677 households out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.6% were non-families.
33.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.96. In the city, the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, 20.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males. The median income for a household in the city was $27,446, the median income for a family was $35,000. Males had a median income of $21,974 versus $16,298 for females; the per capita income for the city was $13,951. About 12.3% of families and 14.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.4% of those under age 18 and 12.5% of those age 65 or over. The City of Baird is served by the Baird Independent School District, located at 600 West 7th Street. Baird ISD is classified as a 2A high school.
On June 22, 1993 the town was christened by the state legislature as the "Antique Capital of West Texas". The town has five churches, four gas stations, a feed store, a small locally owned grocery store. Franchises here include a Dairy Queen, Love's truck stop, a Dollar General; the truck stop has a Chester's Chicken. The former Callahan County Jail, at 100 W. 5th Street, was located in nearby Belle Plain the county seat. When the county seat moved to Baird, the jail was disassembled brick by brick, reassembled at its current location. Belle Plain became a ghost town. Texas author Lou Halsell Rodenberger lived much of her years 12 miles southeast of Baird, in the small community of Admiral; the climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Baird has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. Baird Chamber of Commerce
Ronnie Gene Dunn is an American country music singer-songwriter and record executive. In 2011, Dunn began working as a solo artist following the breakup of Dunn, he released his self-titled debut album for Arista Nashville on June 7, 2011, reaching the Top 10 with its lead-off single "Bleed Red". In 2013, after leaving Arista Nashville in 2012, Dunn founded Little Will-E Records. On April 8, 2014, Ronnie Dunn released his second solo album, Peace and Country Music through his own Little Will-E Records. On November 11, 2016, he released his third album Tattooed Heart on NASH Icon label. In 2019, Dunn was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame. Dunn was born in Coleman and attended 13 schools in his first 12 years of school, he began school in New Mexico and finished his formal education at Abilene Christian University in 1975 as a psychology major. When he began playing bass guitar and singing with bands in clubs in the Abilene, area, the university gave him the choice of either quitting the band or the university.
He chose to leave the university and moved to Tulsa, for a chance at the country music scene. He lived there for many years while drawing much inspiration from local honky tonks such as Tulsa City Limits, prominently featured in the music video for Brooks & Dunn's hit "Boot Scootin' Boogie". While he was in college, he served as a music and youth minister at Avoca Baptist Church in Avoca, Texas. Ronnie began his musical career as a solo artist, he charted two minor singles with Churchill/MCA Records: in 1983 he released "It's Written All Over Your Face", in 1984, "She Put the Sad in All His Songs". In 1990, he and Kix Brooks formed Dunn. In 1991 they released their first album, Brand New Man, certified 6x platinum by the RIAA. Brooks & Dunn released 12 studio albums, two greatest hits albums, a Christmas album. Brooks & Dunn sold over 30 million albums, had 20 number-one singles on Billboard, were one of the most successful acts on the concert circuit. In 2009, they announced that they would disband in 2010.
On December 3, 2014 it was announced that Brooks & Dunn would reunite along with Reba McEntire to perform a series of concerts throughout the summer and fall of 2015. In late 2010, Dunn announced; the album's first single, "Bleed Red", was released to country radio on January 29, 2011, debuted at number 30 on the Billboard Hot Country Songs chart for the week ending February 19, 2011 and ended as a Top 10, his first of his solo career. Dunn's self-titled album Ronnie Dunn was released on June 7, 2011; the second single from the album, "Cost of Livin'", was released on June 6, 2011, debuted at number 56 on the country chart. It peaked at number 19, followed by "Let the Cowboy Rock" at number 31; the album debuted at number one on the Billboard Top Country Albums, as well as number 5 on the Billboard 200, selling 45,000 copies in its first week in the US. In June 2012 Ronnie Dunn took to social media to ask his fans what the fourth single on the album should be. Shortly after, Ronnie got a call from the executives at Sony Music saying that his "fb post killed the "Let The Cowboy Rock" single.
He requested for radio to start playing "Once" as the next single. Before the song could be released to radio as a single, he was released from the label. In March 2013, Ronnie Dunn previewed the song "Country This" on Sound Cloud. On June 4, 2013, Ronnie released the two new tracks, "Country This" and "Kiss You There" on iTunes; the songs were each previewed for a month on The Highway on Sirius XM. On July 9, 2013, Dunn announced his new record deal, a joint effort between HitShop Records and his own label Little Will-E Records with HitShop executing radio promotion while Dunn retains personal brand control; the lead-off single for his second solo album, "Kiss You There", was released to country radio on July 29, 2013. After an unsuccessful run with "Kiss You There", Dunn and HitShop Records parted ways. On November 19, 2013, Dunn released the second single from the forthcoming album, "Wish I Still Smoked Cigarettes". In January 2014 Dunn released "Grown Damn Man" as a promotional single from the second solo album.
The album, Peace and Country Music, was released on April 8, 2014. On December 1, 2014, Ronnie Dunn began to speculate on his Facebook page that he had signed with the newest imprint of Big Machine Label Group, NASH Icon, but the label never confirmed nor denied. On January 12, 2015, President of Big Machine Scott Borchetta announced that Dunn had joined Reba McEntire and Martina McBride making him the third artist to join the roster. Borchetta stated in a press release "Ronnie Dunn has one of the smoothest, most-recognized and most-popular voices of the last twenty five years in Country music. I’m honored to have him join us and take his rightful place as an Icon. Great music is on the way." Dunn commented in the article saying "This is the best possible scenario that I can imagine. The Big Machine and Cumulus combination is a force, I am proud to be included in this innovative venture"; the press release went on to announce Ronnie Dunn was about to hit the studio to record what is now his third solo album and that the lead off single of the album was released in early spring of 2015.
The lead single from Dunn's third solo album, "Ain't No Trucks in Texas", was released on July 17, 2015. On April 22, 2016, Dunn announced the second single, "Damn Drunk", on his Facebook page; the song was released August 5, 2016. On August 22, 2016, Dunn announced that the title of his upcoming third solo album will be Tattooed Heart and It released on November 11, 2016. Dunn married his wife, Janine, on May 19, 1990. Ronnie Dunn has over 15 Grammy
Per capita income
Per capita income or average income measures the average income earned per person in a given area in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population. Per capita income is national income divided by population size. Per capita income is used to measure an area's average income and compare the wealth of different populations. Per capita income is used to measure a country's standard of living, it is expressed in terms of a used international currency such as the euro or United States dollar, is useful because it is known, is calculable from available gross domestic product and population estimates, produces a useful statistic for comparison of wealth between sovereign territories. This helps to ascertain a country's development status, it is one of the three measures for calculating the Human Development Index of a country. In the United States, it is defined by the U. S. Census Bureau as the following: "Per capita income is the mean money income received in the past 12 months computed for every man and child in a geographic area."
Critics claim that per capita income has several weaknesses in measuring prosperity: Comparisons of per capita income over time need to consider inflation. Without adjusting for inflation, figures tend to overstate the effects of economic growth. International comparisons can be distorted by cost of living differences not reflected in exchange rates. Where the objective is to compare living standards between countries, adjusting for differences in purchasing power parity will more reflect what people are able to buy with their money, it does not reflect income distribution. If a country's income distribution is skewed, a small wealthy class can increase per capita income while the majority of the population has no change in income. In this respect, median income is more useful when measuring of prosperity than per capita income, as it is less influenced by outliers. Non-monetary activity, such as barter or services provided within the family, is not counted; the importance of these services varies among economies.
Per capita income does not consider whether income is invested in factors to improve the area's development, such as health, education, or infrastructure. List of countries by average wage List of countries by GDP per capita—GDP at market or government official exchange rates per inhabitant List of countries by GDP per capita—GDP calculated at purchasing power parity exchange per inhabitant List of countries by GNI per capita List of countries by GNI per capita List of countries by income equality Total personal income