Philo is a village about nine miles south of Urbana in Champaign County, United States. The population was 1,466 at the 2010 census. Philo is located at 40°0′19″N 88°9′23″W; the legend "Center of the Universe" is painted on the village water tower, along with its zipcode. According to the 2010 census, Philo has a total area of all land. Philo was named after the founder Philo Hale; the main park, used for numerous functions including reserved space for family reunions, located on the north end of the village is named after the founder. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,314 people, 474 households, 381 families residing in the village; the population density was 1,723.4 people per square mile. There were 492 housing units at an average density of 645.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 99.01% White, 0.30% African American, 0.68% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.30% of the population. There were 474 households out of which 41.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.5% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 19.6% were non-families.
17.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.13. In the village, the population was spread out with 30.1% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.2 males. The median income for a household in the village was $56,852, the median income for a family was $60,365. Males had a median income of $43,125 versus $25,446 for females; the per capita income for the village was $21,502. About 2.3% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over. Philo is in the Unit 7 School District located in nearby Tolono. Residents attend Unity East Elementary, Unity Junior High, Unity High School.
Philo has a Catholic Grade School, St. Thomas, for grades pre-K through 8th, in nearby Champaign is the High School of Saint Thomas More Early history of Philo, Illinois Daniel Lincicome. Philo Area Centennial 1875-1975. Philo Area Centennial Corporation
Ludlow is a village in Champaign County, United States. The population was 371 at the 2010 census. Ludlow was known as Pera or Pera Station; the village was renamed Ludlow in 1867 after Thomas W. Ludlow, a shareholder in the Illinois Central Railroad. Ludlow is located at 40°23′10″N 88°7′37″W. According to the 2010 census, Ludlow has a total area of all land; as of the census of 2000, there were 324 people, 141 households, 83 families residing in the village. The population density was 932.2 people per square mile. There were 153 housing units at an average density of 440.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 96.60% White, 2.47% African American, 0.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.31% of the population. There were 141 households out of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.4% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.1% were non-families. 36.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.98. In the village, the population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 33.6% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.3 males. The median income for a household in the village was $35,000, the median income for a family was $41,875. Males had a median income of $37,917 versus $19,643 for females; the per capita income for the village was $19,507. About 9.1% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.4% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over. The town of Ludlow is identified as the first site of an invasion of giant locusts in the 1957 movie Beginning of the End
Homer is a village in Champaign County, United States. Its population was 1,193 at the 2010 census. Homer grew from a settlement named Union, on the Fort Clark or State Road running between Danville and Urbana, nearly three miles north of the present town. Union was little more than several cabins built in 1829-30, but it served as a post office and meeting place in what was Vermilion County prior to the creation of Champaign County in 1833. Moses Thomas, a native of Pennsylvania, built a mill on the Salt Fork creek southeast of Union in 1834 and began to mill grain. A young merchant traveling from Indiana, Michael Doctor Coffeen, built a store adjacent to the mill, with Thomas created the village of Homer on January 26, 1837; the post office was moved to Homer with M. D. Coffeen as postmaster in 1841. Homer grew to 120 people in 1850, the coming of the Great Western Railroad to the south of the town prompted the village to move to its present location. In February 1855, the town's 32 buildings were dragged 1.5 miles south by 18 teams of oxen.
The village became a stop on the railway named the Wabash Railroad, becoming the center of agriculture in eastern Champaign County. In 1905, the town became the location for Homer Park, an amusement park on the Illinois Traction System interurban line. Homer Park, north of the village on the Salt Fork creek, offered swimming, baseball, movies and a small zoo; the park closed in 1937 after poor management. The Homer School District, which served the village and the surrounding area, set a record for the longest teacher's strike in the nation's history, spanning from October 26, 1986, to June 23, 1987. At 156 days, the strike was more than twice as long as the second-longest, set by a school district near Cleveland, Ohio during the 2002-2003 school year. At issue throughout the negotiations was the salary formula, which the Chicago Tribune reported was "not to drastically change the pay rates of... teachers." Other provisions included allowing teachers fired during the strike to be allowed to return with no loss of salary or seniority and the district's newly unionized support staff getting a 6 percent pay increase beginning July 1, an additional 2 percent increase at the beginning of the 1988-1989 school year.
Legal fees were estimated to be $150,000. Although the strike lasted 156 days, students only lost 11 days of class time as strikebreaking teachers were hired to teach classes. However, some families moved from Homer or paid tuition to have their children attend neighboring schools; the Homer School District consolidated with the Allerton-Broadlands-Longview School District, many of the teachers left and all but two school board members either did not seek re-election or were defeated in the first election after the settlement. The town suffered from the effects of the strike for many years, according to a 2006 article in The News Gazette of Champaign-Urbana. Homer is located at 40°2′6″N 87°57′32″W. According to the 2010 census, Homer has a total area of all land; this Homer should not be confused with the former village of Homer, now called Troy Grove nor the Homer Glen area of Will County in Homer Township. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,200 people, 489 households, 339 families residing in the village.
The population density was 1,169.3 people per square mile. There were 511 housing units at an average density of 497.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 98.83% White, 0.08% African American, 0.50% Asian, 0.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.25% of the population. There were 489 households out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.7% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.5% were non-families. 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.99. In the village, the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.5 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $37,429, the median income for a family was $43,170. Males had a median income of $33,021 versus $23,897 for females; the per capita income for the village was $18,788. About 7.3% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.6% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over. Raymond Kelly Cunningham Jr. and Molly Shoaf. "From the Timber to the Prairie: A History of Homer Illinois Volume I." Village of Homer Illinois Homepage
Sangamon Township, Piatt County, Illinois
Sangamon Township is a township in Piatt County, Illinois, USA. As of the 2010 census, its population was 2,357 and it contained 929 housing units. According to the 2010 census, the township has a total area of 47.25 square miles, of which 47.18 square miles is land and 0.06 square miles is water. Lakes in this township include Buck Pond; the stream of Madden Creek runs through this township. Monticello Galesville Lodge White Heath Centerville Blue Ridge Township Mahomet Township, Champaign County Scott Township, Champaign County Colfax Township, Champaign County Monticello Township Goose Creek Township The township contains nine cemeteries: Argo, Bucks Pond, Camp Creek, Ingram, Mackey and Mallory. Interstate 72 Illinois State Route 10 Clapper Airport U. S. Board on Geographic Names United States Census Bureau cartographic boundary files www.sangamontownship.org US-Counties.com City-Data.com Illinois State Archives
Brown Township, Champaign County, Illinois
Brown Township is a township in Champaign County, Illinois, USA. As of the 2010 census, its population was 1,995 and it contained 816 housing units. Brown Township was formed from a portion of East Bend Township in September, 1869. Brown is Township 22 Range 7 East of the Third Principal Meridian. According to the 2010 census, the township has a total area of 36.35 square miles, of which 36.22 square miles is land and 0.13 square miles is water. The city of Fisher lies in the southeast corner of the township; the small town of Foosland is in the western part of the township along the route of the Norfolk Southern railroad. Lotus is a small settlement in the far southwestern part of the township. Dickerson lies about 2 miles to the east of Lotus. U. S. Route 136 runs along the entire southern border of the township. Illinois State Route 47 passes through the township on its route from Mahomet in the south to Gibson City in the north. Illinois State Route 54 passes from southwest to northeast through the far northwestern corner of the township on its route from Farmer City to Gibson City.
A Norfolk Southern Railway line passes through the township. "Brown Township, Champaign County, Illinois". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2010-01-04. United States Census Bureau cartographic boundary files US-Counties.com City-Data.com Illinois State Archives
Champaign County, Illinois
Champaign County is a county in the U. S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, its population was 201,081, making it the 10th-most populous county in Illinois, its county seat is Urbana. Champaign County is part of the Champaign -- IL Metropolitan Statistical Area; the twin cities of Urbana and Champaign are the only cities in the county, they nearly surround the campus of the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign. Champaign County was organized in 1833, having been a part of Vermilion County; the county and county seat were named for Champaign County and Urbana, Ohio the homeplace of the Illinois legislator who sponsored the bill to create the county. The development of the county was furthered by the arrival of the Chicago Branch of the Illinois Central Railroad, more by the establishment of the land-grant university; the county got an airport and a mass transit district. The northern part of the county experienced an economic and demographic setback with the closing of Chanute Air Training Center in the 1990s.
In the 2004 Presidential election, it was one of only 15 of the 102 Illinois counties where John Kerry received a majority of the vote. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 998 square miles, of which 996 square miles is land and 2.1 square miles is water. It is the fifth-largest county in Illinois by land area; because Champaign County is situated on a large and flat plateau, it had no natural drainage, so that much of the County consisted of wetlands until drainage ditches were built, beginning in the 1870s. This was an example of an upland marsh, which resulted in a high incidence of malaria before the late nineteenth century; the topography of Champaign County was formed by the Wisconsin Glacier about 20,000 years before the present. Lobes of ice from what is now Lake Michigan crossed the county, creating a deep pile of glacial soil, up to 300 feet thick, topped by numerous moraines forming small, flat watersheds with no outlets. Champaign County is situated on the divide between the Mississippi Rivers.
Rivers flow out of Champaign County to the east and south. The Kaskaskia River has its origin to the northwest of Champaign, draining the western side of that City; the Kaskaskia flows toward the southwest, joining the Mississippi south of Missouri. The Embarras River, on the other hand, drains the south-central portion of the Champaign–Urbana metropolitan area, originating in southeastern Champaign and flowing through the experimental fields on the southern part of the campus of the University of Illinois; the Embarras is a tributary to the Wabash Ohio River systems. The northeast corner of Champaign, the central portion of the University campus, the northern part of Urbana are drained by the Boneyard Creek, which flows into the Saline Ditch, a tributary of the Vermilion and Wabash rivers. Ford County – north Vermilion County – east Edgar County – southeast Douglas County – south Piatt County – west McLean County – northwest The following public-use airports are located in the county: University of Illinois Willard Airport – Champaign–Urbana Rantoul National Aviation Center – Rantoul Frasca Field – Urbana Passenger trains operated by Amtrak connect Champaign along the old Illinois Central route, operating between Chicago and either Carbondale or New Orleans.
In August 2018, the Champaign County Board voted to approve solar farms on certain agricultural properties. Solar farms use photovoltaic energy, energy produced by cells that generate electricity when they are hit by light; the board approved solar farms in AG-2 agricultural zoning districts. In order to make the solar farms, developers must obtain a special permit from the county board first; as of August 24, at least seven applications to build farms were submitted. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Urbana have ranged from a low of 16 °F in January to a high of 85 °F in July, although a record low of −25 °F was recorded in January 1999 and a record high of 109 °F was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.90 inches in January to 4.80 inches in May. As of the 2010 census, there were 201,081 people, 80,665 households, 42,737 families residing in the county; the population density was 201.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 87,569 housing units at an average density of 87.9 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 73.4% white, 12.4% black or African American, 8.9% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 2.2% from other races, 2.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.3% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 23.9% were German, 12.2% were Irish, 11.5% were American, 8.9% were English. Of the 80,665 households, 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.7% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 47.0% were non-families, 33.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.95. The median age was 28.9 years. The median income for a household in the county was $45,262 and the median income for a family was $65,785. Males had a median income of $45,823 versus $35,321 for females; the per capita income for the county was $24,553. About 9.7% of families and 20.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.2% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over.
The Champaign County Economic Development Corporation produced a 2009 County
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol