Order of Nine Angles
The Order of Nine Angles is a Satanic and Left-Hand Path occult group based in the United Kingdom, but with affiliated groups in various other parts of the world. Claiming to have been established in the 1960s, it rose to public recognition in the early 1980s, attracting attention for its neo-Nazi ideologies and activism. Describing its approach as "Traditional Satanism", it has been identified by academic researchers as exhibiting Hermetic and Neo-Pagan elements in its beliefs, it has been described as one of the most dangerous Satanist groups in the world. According to the Order's own account, it was established in the Welsh Marches of Western England during the late 1960s by a woman, involved in a secretive pre-Christian tradition surviving in the region; this account states that in 1973 a man named "Anton Long" was initiated into the group, subsequently becoming its Grand Master. Several academic commentators to have studied the ONA express the view that the name "Anton Long" is the pseudonym of the British neo-Nazi activist David Myatt, although Myatt has denied that this is the case.
From the late 1970s onward, Long authored a number of books and articles propagating the Order's ideas, in 1988 it began production of its own journal, Fenrir. Through these ventures it established links with other neo-Nazi Satanist groups around the world, furthering its cause through embracing the Internet in the 2000s; the ONA promotes the idea that human history can be divided into a series of Aeons, each of which contain a corresponding human civilization. It expresses the view that the current Aeonic civilization is that of the Western, but claims that the evolution of this society is threatened by the "Magian/Nazarene" influence of Judeo-Christian religion, which the Order seeks to combat in order to establish a militaristic new social order, termed the "Imperium". According to Order teachings, this is necessary in order for a Galactic civilization to form, in which "Aryan" society will colonise the Milky Way, it advocates a spiritual path in which the practitioner is required to break societal taboos by isolating themselves from society, committing crimes, embracing political extremism and violence, carrying out an act of human sacrifice.
ONA members practice magick, believing that they are able to do so through channeling energies into our own "causal" realm from an "acausal" realm where the laws of physics do not apply, with such magical actions designed to aid in the ultimate establishment of the Imperium. The ONA lacks any central authority or structure, instead operating as a broad network of associates – termed the "kollective" – who are inspired by the texts authored by Long and other members of the "Inner ONA"; the group comprises of clandestine cells, termed "nexions", as well as gangs known as Dreccs, artists known as Balobians, folk mystics known as Rounwytha. With the first nexion based in Shropshire, Western England, the majority of groups have been established in the British Isles and Germany, although others have been formed elsewhere in Europe, South Africa and North America. Academic estimates suggest that the number of individuals broadly associated with the Order falls in the low thousands. Various killings and terroristic activities have been perpetrated by far-right activists influenced by the ONA's teachings.
Academics have found it difficult to ascertain "exact and verifiable information" about the ONA's origins given the secrecy with which the group shields itself. As with many other occult organisations, the Order shrouds its history in "mystery and legend", creating a "mythical narrative" for its origins and development; the ONA claims to be the descendant of pre-Christian pagan traditions which survived the Christianisation of Britain and which were passed down from the Middle Ages onward in small groups or "temples" based in the Welsh Marches – a border area between England and Wales – which were each led by a Grand Master or Grand Mistress. According to the Order, in the late 1960s a Grand Mistress of one such group united three of these temples – Camlad, the Temple of the Sun, The Noctulians – to form the ONA, before welcoming outsiders into the tradition. According to the Order's account, one of those whom the Grand Mistress initiated into the group was "Anton Long", an individual who described himself as a British citizen who had spent much of his youth visiting Africa and the Middle East.
Long claimed that prior to his involvement in the ONA he had been interested in occultism for several years, having contacted a coven based in Fenland in 1968, before moving to London and joining groups that practiced ceremonial magic in the style of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn and Aleister Crowley. He claimed a brief involvement in a Satanic group based in Manchester, the Orthodox Temple of the Prince run by Ray Bogart, during which time he encountered the ONA Grand Mistress. According to the Order's account, Long joined the ONA in 1973 – the first to have done so in five years – and became the Grand Mistress' heir, he recalled that at that time the group held rituals at henges and stone circles around the solstices and equinoxes. This account further states that when the Order's Grand Mistress migrated to Australia, Long took over as the group's new Grand Master; the group claimed that Long "implemented the next stage of Sinister Strategy – to make the teachings known on a large scale".
From the late 1970s onward, Long encouraged the establishment of new ONA groups, which were known as "temples", from 1976 onward he authored an array of texts for the tradition and extending its teachings and structure. These texts are written in English, although they include passages of Classical Greek as well as t
The Hammerskins are a white supremacist group formed in 1988 in Dallas, Texas. Their primary focus is the production and promotion of white power rock music, many white power bands have been affiliated with the group; the Hammerskins were affiliated with the record label 9% Productions. The Hammerskins host several annual concerts, including Hammerfest, an annual event in both the United States and Europe in honor of deceased Hammerskin Joe Rowan, the lead singer of the band Nordic Thunder, it was one of the most prominent American white power skinhead groups. The Anti-Defamation League describes them as the United States' best-organized neo-Nazi skinhead group, with the Hammerskin Nation website boasting six chapters in the United States and chapters existing in Canada, various European countries, New Zealand, Australia; the Hammerskins have supporter chapters, known as Crew 38, in most of these countries. The Hammerskins emerged in the late 1980s from the Dallas based Confederate Hammerskins.
Their name is based on a scene in the 1982 film Pink Floyd – The Wall. Power struggles have since split the group into several factions. Many Outlaw Hammerskins members attended the 2002 NordicFest, the group was planning to provide security for a white pride festival hosted by the National Knights of the Ku Klux Klan; the Outlaw Hammerskins are now defunct. Many of its members have been convicted of harassment and murder. On August 5, 2012, Hammerskin Wade Michael Page was shot by police and died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound to the head after he killed six people in a Sikh temple in Oak Creek, Wisconsin. Page had become a "fully patched" member of the Hammerskins in autumn 2011, according to the Anti-Defamation League, he played in at least three Hammerskin-affiliated bands. According to media sources and civil rights organizations, End Apathy, Wade's main band, had played at several recent Hammerskin events in the United States prior to the shooting-spree. However, there are several differences between chapters, which pursue different goals and have different political positions on racism and patriotism.
In some chapters, like the Italian one, despite several and constant investigations for crimes like inciting hatred, racial discrimination and apology for fascism, no convictions were made to prove their guilt. The Hammerskins logo, depicting two claw hammers crossed, is based on a fictitious neo-nazi organization depicted in the 1982 film Pink Floyd – The Wall; the portrayal of the fictional group in the film was intended to show Nazism negatively. Their logo and the motto "Hammerskins forever, forever hammerskins" appear in their paraphernalia and tattoos. Crew 38 and Hammerskins members frequently identify themselves with the slogan "838", meaning "hail crossed hammers". Vinlanders Social Club Official website
The Artgemeinschaft Germanic Faith Community is a German Neopagan and Neo-Nazi organization founded in 1951 by Wilhelm Kusserow, a former member of the SS. In 1983, it merged with the Nordungen. From 1989 to 2009, it was headed by Jürgen Rieger. Artgemeinschaft mixes far-right ideology with Nordic and Teutonic religions such as Ásatrú, but elements of atheism. In the 1960s some theosophic and so called; the weltanschauung of the party is antisemitic. A belief of the party is Artgemeinschaft, a basic tenets of, the Artglaube. In contrast to other pagan organisations, neither Guido von List nor Lanz von Liebenfels plays any role. Important in their beliefs are theses by Schopenhauer, Eduard v. Hartmann and Feuerbach in order to attack Christian moral and to replace it with a pagan one. According to Fromm, belief in Gods is not an important momentum for the Artgemeinschaft. Membership is regulated according to racial criteria; the members belong to different currents of the far-right, from militant neo-fascists to representatives of the Neue Rechte.
The AG GGG publishes the völkisch Nordische Zeitung. Official Website of the Artgemeinschaft
Golden Dawn (political party)
The Popular Association – Golden Dawn known as Golden Dawn, is an ultranationalist, far-right political party in Greece. It is led by Nikolaos Michaloliakos. Scholars and media have described it as fascist, though the group rejects these labels. Members have expressed admiration for the former Greek dictators Ioannis Metaxas of the 4th of August Regime and Georgios Papadopoulos of the Regime of the Colonels, they have made use of alleged Nazi symbolism, have praised figures of Nazi Germany in the past. According to academic sources, the group is racist and xenophobic, the party's leader has identified it as nationalist and racist. Many groups and political parties advocate for the Greek government to dissolve Golden Dawn. Michaloliakos began the foundations of what would become Golden Dawn in 1980, when he published the first issue of the right-wing, pro-military junta journal with that name. In this context, Golden Dawn had its origins in the movement that worked towards a return to right-wing military dictatorship in Greece.
Following an investigation into the 2013 murder of Pavlos Fyssas, an anti-fascist rapper, by a supporter of the party and several other Golden Dawn MPs and members were arrested and held in pre-trial detention on suspicion of forming a criminal organization. The trial began on 20 April 2015 and is ongoing as of 2019. Golden Dawn first received widespread attention in 1991, in 1993 registered as a political party. By this time Golden Dawn had adopted several southern Balkan focused regional objectives as its main programme: to promote the idea of a Greater Greece through the expansion of Greek territory into southern Albania, the Republic of Macedonia, southern Bulgaria, Greece's reconquest of Constantinople and western Anatolia through war with Turkey, they called to push for the complete Hellenisation of Greek Macedonia and Western Thrace through the expulsion of Northern Greece's last remaining Macedonian-speaking minority and the Turkish-speaking Muslim minority of East Macedonia and Thrace that were settled during the Ottoman period.
They aspire "to combat Islam in the region", such as through contributing fighters to the Greek Volunteer Guard that helped capture Srebrenica. By the mid-2000s, Golden Dawn had redirected its attention to opposing non-European, Muslim, immigration into the Greek areas of southern Greece and Athens. Golden Dawn had temporarily ceased political operations in 2005 and was absorbed by the Patriotic Alliance; the Alliance, in turn, ceased operations after Michaloliakos withdrew support in the spring of 2007. Golden Dawn held its sixth congress, in March 2007, where party officials announced the resumption of political activities. At local elections on 7 November 2010 Golden Dawn got 5.3% of the vote in the municipality of Athens, winning a seat at the City Council. In some neighbourhoods with large immigrant communities it reached 20%; the party ran a campaign during the May 2012 Greek national elections based on concerns about unemployment, the economy, immigration, which gained a large increase in support from the Greek electorate.
It received 7% of the popular vote, enough for the party to enter the Hellenic Parliament for the first time with 21 seats. Following a second election in June 2012, this was reduced to 18 seats; as a result of the January 2015 Greek national elections, the party became the third largest in Parliament, despite winning only 17 seats. The party is hard Eurosceptic, it is anti-globalist. In 2015, Golden Dawn outlined their'National Plan' for Greece's recovery from the financial crisis as follows: Increase agricultural production and manufacturing. Reward hard work and implement a meritocracy. Exploit Greece's oil and precious metal reserves. Audit and erase part of the national debt which they deem illegal. Demand that the German government repay a loan, forced upon Greece during the Axis occupation. Form free trade agreements with Russia and China. Proclaim Greece's exclusive economic zone. Expand Greece's territorial waters to 12 nautical miles as agreed by the UNCLOS. Repeal members of parliament's immunity to criminal prosecution and detention while in office.
Remove party funding obtained from taxes and rely instead on donations. Reduce the size of the Hellenic Parliament to 180 members. Dissolve any existing plutocracy. Provide tax relief for investors and shipowners who employ only Greek workers and move their capital into national banks. Dismiss those recruited illegally into the public sector as a result of cronyism. Expulsion of all illegal immigrants who have entered Greece. Subsidize those in maternity, offer tax breaks to young parents and those with large families. Nationalization of banks that received state loans. Nationalization of natural resources. In December 1980, Nikolaos Michaloliakos and a group of supporters launched Chrysi Avgi magazine. Michaloliakos had been active in far-right politics for many years, having been arrested several times for politically motivated offences, such as beatings and illegal possession of explosive materials, which led to his discharge from the military. While he was in prison, Michaloliakos met the leaders of the Greek military junta of 1967–1974 and laid the foundations of the Golden Dawn party.
According to the newspaper Eleftherotypia the characteristics of the magazine and the organisation were National Socialist. Chrysi Avgi magazine ceased publication in April 1984, wh
Creativity is a pantheistic white separatist, white supremacist, white nationalist, anti-Christian religion, classified as a neo-Nazi hate group by the Southern Poverty Law Center. It was founded in Lighthouse Point, Florida by Ben Klassen as the Church of the Creator in 1973; the worldview of Creativity is purported to be based on the "survival and advancement of the White race", according to the "external laws of nature, the experience of history, on logic and common sense" and members of the movement believe in a "racial holy war" between the "white and non-White races". Creativity is promoted by two organizations: the Creativity Movement; the groups have common origins. Adherents of Creativity refer to themselves as Creators; the religious movement was founded as the Church of the Creator by Ben Klassen in 1973. In 1996 Matthew F. Hale along with other ministers of the original Church of the Creator formed a successor group known as the World Church of the Creator; the World Church of the Creator was renamed The Creativity Movement in 2003.
Hale's right to use the name "Church of the Creator" in the United States was lost to the Church of the Creator, an unaffiliated religious organization based in Ashland, Oregon, in a trademark infringement case. Membership in the Creativity movement is restricted to persons whose genetic heritage is "wholly or predominantly" from Europe or members of the white race, regardless of where they reside; the term "Creator" does not refer to a supernatural being, but to adherents of Creativity and the White Race. Following the demise of the World Church of the Creator after Hale's arrest in 2003, there formed two distinct groups known as The Creativity Movement and the Creativity Alliance/Church of Creativity; the two groups are not known to interact with one another. Creators are taught to avoid interacting with them socially. Creators are expected to refute homosexuality, whining or complaining, superstition. Creativity has sixteen race-based commandments and five fundamental beliefs which members regard as based on the "external laws of nature, the experience of history, on logic and common sense".
These include the belief that "race is their religion", that the white race is "nature's finest", belief that race-loyalty is transcendent and that the "survival and advancement" of the white race on Earth is the "highest virtue". They believe that American culture is becoming "more decadent," as evidenced by "black crimes, the growing acceptance of homosexuality, interracial marriage, increasing drug use, the lack of racial identity among white people". According to the Anti-Defamation League, members believe that Jewish people are working towards the enslavement of all races, in particular the "mongrelization of the white race". Creators are encouraged to recite the "five fundamentals" daily. Klassen encouraged Creators to refer to Black people as "niggers" and opposed white supremacists who used more polite terms. During the early 2000s, they were encouraged to move to Central Illinois in order to establish a Creativity bastion. Creativity promotes a religious diet and health doctrine, called the 14 Points of Salubrious Living, although it is not a religious requirement.
Creativity rejects a supernatural while affirming a pantheist view of nature, asserting that "everything is in nature" and defining it as "the whole cosmos, the total universe, including its millions of natural laws through space and time." According to Klassen, "A Creator is not disdains belief in the supernatural. He will waste no time giving credence to, or playing silly games with imaginary spooks, spirits and demons." Creators do not believe in a supernatural afterlife believing "immortality" to be genetic and memorial with a cessation of consciousness at death. They believe that they should view life and death on Earth in a "rational, fearless manner," concentrating on life's positive aspects. Whereas Ben Klassen was classified by some as an atheist and Creativity has been labelled atheistic in the press, Klassen rejected the term, viewing atheism as a negative approach to a positive evil, claiming atheism lacks a "positive creed and program" to replace the Abrahamic religions and isn't inherently racist.
Atheism and Creativity both reject supernatural beliefs, such as those in gods, spooks, heaven or hell. The Southern Poverty Law Center classifies Creativity's ideology as neo-Nazi, According to Klassen, Creativity is not a rehash of Nazism and he listed eight differences between his political ideology and that of the Nazis, he adopted the phrase "racial socialism" to describe his political ideology. Klassen was critical of democracy and advocated meritocracy, believing that effective leaders should rule. Under racial socialism, "whites would work together toward common goals but without the massive economic planning in the style of the Soviet Gosplan." He supported a limited market economy, believing that social and economic activities should be in the best interests of white people. Klassen criticized "leftist proclivities" to recruit from the white working class: "All members of the national or racial community... had an important role to play."Klassen urged Creators to "work feverishly and aggressively to organize politically, to distribute literature on behalf of the White Race, to promote and foster White solidarity, to get control of the government and the political ma
National Socialist Movement (United States)
The National Socialist Movement is a neo-Nazi organization based in Detroit, Michigan. It is a part of the Nationalist Front; the Party claimed to be the "largest and most active" National Socialist organization in the United States. Although classified as a hate group by the Southern Poverty Law Center, it refers to itself as a "white civil rights organization", compares itself to the NAACP; the party objects to being referred to as "racist", "Neo-Nazi", stating that such descriptions of their goals are unflattering and inaccurate. Each state has members in smaller groups within areas known as "regions"; the NSM holds smaller regional and unit meetings. In January 2019, the leadership of the group was turned over to James Hart Stern, a black activist, who announced his intention to undermine the group and "eradicate" it; the NSM was founded in 1974 in St. Paul, Minnesota, as the "National Socialist American Workers Freedom Movement" by Robert Brannen and Cliff Herrington, former members of the American Nazi Party before the decline of the ANP.
In 1994 Jeff Schoep became the group's chairman, a position he held until January 2019. The NSM was responsible for leading the demonstration. In April 2006, the party held a rally on the capitol steps in Lansing, met by a larger counter-rally and ended in scuffles. In 2007, some members left to join the now-defunct National Socialist Order of America, led by 2008 presidential candidate John Taylor Bowles. In January 2009, the party sponsored a half-mile section of U. S. Highway 160 outside of Springfield, Missouri, as part of the Adopt-A-Highway Trash Cleanup program; the highway was renamed the "Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heschel Memorial Highway" by the state legislature. In 2009, the NSM had 61 chapters in 35 states, making it the largest neo-Nazi group in the United States according to the Southern Poverty Law Center; as of 2015, the NSM reports having direct organized presences in seven countries around the world, other affiliations beyond that. On April 17, 2010, 70 members of the NSM demonstrated against illegal immigration in front of the Los Angeles City Hall, drawing a counter protest of hundreds of anti-fascist demonstrators.
In May 2011, the NSM was described by The New York Times as being "the largest supremacist group, with about 400 members in 32 states, though much of its prominence followed the decay of Aryan Nation and other neo-Nazi groups". On May 1, 2011, Jeff Hall, a leader of the California branch of the NSM, was killed by his 10-year-old troubled son, who claimed he was tired of Jeff beating him and his stepmother. Hall had run in 2010 for a seat on the board of directors of a Riverside County water board, a race in which he earned 30% of the vote; the NSM held a rally on September 3, 2011 in West Allis, Wisconsin, to protest incidents at the Wisconsin State Fair on August 5, 2011 when a large crowd of young African-Americans targeted and beat white people as they left the fair around 11 p.m. Police claimed the incident began as a fight among African-American youths, not racially motivated. Dan Devine, the mayor of West Allis, stated on September 2, 2011, "I believe I speak for the citizens when I say they are not welcome here."In 2012, two former members of the NSM were arrested and sentenced to prison for drug trafficking, stockpiling weapons, plotting terrorism against a Mexican consulate in the United States.
As of March 2015, the organization had planned a return to Toledo, for a rally focusing on crime in the area. In June 2016, the group helped organize the rally. In November 2016, following the election of Donald Trump, the organization changed its logo, replacing the swastika with an Odal rune in an attempt to enter mainstream politics; the account of its leader, Jeff Schoep, was suspended by Twitter on December 18, 2017. After the August riot and violence rising from the Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville, two lawsuits targeting 21 racist "alt-right" and hate group leaders, including the NSM and leader Jeff Schoep, were filed in U. S. District Court for the Western District of Virginia and another in Virginia Circuit Court. Organizations named in both suits were the National Socialist Movement. S. chapters. Two Ku Klux Klan groups, the Loyal White Knights and the East Coast Knights of the KKK, were named defendants in the federal suit; the 96 page federal court filing accused the white supremacists of violating the Ku Klux Klan Act of 1871 and other statutes and seeks compensation and punitive damages.
They asked the courts to intervene with legal orders preventing a repeat of the deadly events that occurred in Charlottesville on August 11 and 12, barring use of private militias at such events. Plaintiffs in the 96-page federal suit were described as "University of Virginia undergraduates, law students and staff, persons of faith, parents and businesspersons – white and black; the City of Charlottesville, along with several businesses and neighborhood associations, were plaintiffs in the 81-page state suit. The lawsuits claimed the August rally in Charlottesville was planned for weeks, with its organizers making extensive use of social media – coordinating everything from telling individuals to buy tiki torches to use of an internet-based communications system designed for gamers; the federal suit said "hundreds of neo-Nazis and white supremacists traveled from near and far to descend upon the college town... in order to terror
National Vanguard (American organization)
National Vanguard is an American white nationalist, neo-Nazi organization based in Charlottesville, founded in 2005 by Kevin Alfred Strom and former members of the National Alliance. The group was founded by expelled members of the National Alliance; the National Alliance's 5-man Executive Committee, a think-tank created by Erich Gliebe five months earlier to explore new ideas, issued a formal declaration called "A Time for Leadership." The declaration decried then-Chairman Erich Gliebe's dissolution of the National Alliance Board of Directors and his reducing of its composition to include himself and COO Shaun Walker. It called for a reconstitution of the Board of Directors, the merger of the Board with the Executive Committee in both membership and function. Gliebe and Walker rejected the declaration. In response and Walker claimed that Kevin Strom was not performing his job well as editor of the National Alliance's magazine, sometimes months late. There was a pay dispute where Kevin Strom claimed that Shaun Walker was not paying Strom his full salary, which became a public dispute within Internet chatrooms.
This pay dispute and other internal conflicts created an atmosphere of factional personality conflicts which grew for 6 months until they erupted. There were no legal options to take, so in April 2005 "National Vanguard" was formally organized by some former National Alliance Unit Coordinators and five members of the Executive Committee; the main issues cited for the split with the National Alliance were over the creation of an expanded Board of Directors and professional publishing of a news-magazine and open accounting of all funds collected. The new organization picked Kevin Alfred Strom as its new leader, but a Board of Directors was not created. Within 8 months half of all National Vanguard members had either resigned or formed another new group. Most of the key leaders who planned the initial coup from the National Alliance group quit the National Vanguard within 15 months, but without all the open Internet airing of "internal laundry." In January 2007 Strom was arrested by the FBI and Federal Marshals for child pornography related charges.
In 2008 he pleaded guilty to possession of child pornography and was sentenced to 23 months in prison. As of May 2015, National Vanguard maintains an active website featuring daily updates. Since the reorganization of National Vanguard, the group has been focused upon unit meetings and the distribution of fliers. A boycott against the hardware chain The Home Depot was started because of its stance on illegal immigrants. Units in Florida and New Jersey appear to be the most active. Members are attempting to form a new political party in Nevada: the White People's Party. One plank in the party's platform calls for "the White Race" to be placed on the endangered species list since "all relevant laws are working against the continued existence of Whites."In the wake of Hurricane Katrina, which struck the U. S. Gulf Coast on August 29, 2005, a National Vanguard First Response Team was organized to help white families in Alabama and Mississippi on Sept. 20, 2005. Their decision to only help white victims has been described as "Reprehensible".
In 2005, National Vanguard showcased the pop-music duo Prussian Blue, made up of twin sisters from Bakersfield, California and Lamb Gaede, whom the organization hoped would "be breaking new ground... creating an entire genre of pro-White music" that will cross over to mainstream audiences. Their mother, April, is a activist for National Vanguard. National Vanguard Nationalist Coalition European Americans United Western Voices World News List of white nationalist organizationsCritical Anti Defamation League article on the formation of National Vanguard Article on National Vanguard's expulsion from Google News Southern Poverty Law Center article on the creation of National Vanguard