Colitis is an inflammation of the colon. Colitis may be self-limited or long-term, it broadly fits into the category of digestive diseases. In a medical context, the label colitis is used if: The cause of the inflammation in the colon is undetermined; the signs and symptoms of colitis are quite variable and dependent on the cause of the given colitis and factors that modify its course and severity. Common symptoms of colitis may include: mild to severe abdominal pains and tenderness, persistent hemorrhagic diarrhea with pus either present or absent in the stools, fecal incontinence, fatigue, loss of appetite and unexplained weight loss. More severe symptoms may include: a fast or irregular heartbeat and fever. Other less common or rare non-specific symptoms that may accompany colitis include: arthritis, mouth ulcers, painful and swollen skin and irritated, bloodshot eyes. Signs seen on colonoscopy include: colonic mucosal erythema and hemorrhage. Symptoms suggestive of colitis are worked-up by obtaining the medical history, a physical examination and laboratory tests.

Additional tests may include medical imaging and an examination with a camera inserted into the rectum. An important investigation in the assessment of colitis is biopsy. A small piece of tissue is removed from the bowel mucosa during endoscopy and examined under the microscope by a histopathologist, it can provide important information regarding the cause of the disease and the extent of bowel damage. There are many types of colitis, they are classified by the cause. Types of colitis include: Inflammatory bowel disease – a group of chronic colitides. Ulcerative colitis – a chronic colitis that affects the large intestine. Crohn's disease – another type of IBD that leads to colitis. Microscopic colitis – a colitis diagnosed by microscopic examination of colonic tissue. Lymphocytic colitis Collagenous colitis Diversion colitis Chemical colitis Chemotherapy-induced colitis Radiation colitis Ischemic colitis Infectious colitisA subtype of infectious colitis is Clostridium difficile colitis, informally abbreviated as "C-diff colitis".

It classically forms pseudomembranes and is referred to as pseudomembranous colitis, its histomorphologic description. Enterohemorrhagic colitis may be caused by Shiga toxin in Shigella dysenteriae or Shigatoxigenic group of Escherichia coli, which includes serotype O157:H7 and other enterohemorrhagic E. coli. Parasitic infections, like those caused by Entamoeba histolytica, can cause colitis. Indeterminate colitis is the classification for colitis that has features of both Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Indeterminate colitis' behaviour is closer to ulcerative colitis than Crohn's disease. Atypical colitis is a phrase, used by physicians for a colitis that does not conform to criteria for accepted types of colitis, it is not an accepted diagnosis per se and, as such, a colitis that cannot be definitively classified. Some people may be admitted into the hospital following the colonoscopy depending on results, it is sometimes necessary to get the patient started on a steroid to speed up the healing of the colon.

It may be necessary to get the patient hydrated from the fluid loss and iron replaced from the loss of blood. After a hospital stay, the patient may be put on a daily medication to manage their chronic colitis; the medication can be an immunosuppressant. There are many different types of medication used and the doctor will prescribe the one they see fit. If the patient doesn't respond, new medications will be tried. Moreover, several studies have found significant relationship between colitis and dairy allergy, suggesting some patients may benefit from an elimination diet

Forest City Roller Derby

Forest City Roller Derby is a women's flat-track roller derby league based in London, Ontario. Founded in April 2006, Forest City is one of the first flat-track roller derby leagues in Canada, is a not for profit organization owned and operated by the skaters. Forest City is a member of the Women's Flat Track Derby Association; the league was formed as Forest City Derby Girls in 2006 as one of the original women's flat-track roller derby leagues in Canada, joining Terminal City Rollergirls, E-Ville Roller Derby, Hammer City Roller Girls, Toronto Roller Derby and Montreal Roller Derby. The league's first team, the London Thrashers, did not play any games in the inaugural year. On July 7, 2007, Forest City Derby Girls played their first game against the Hammer City, losing 100-20; the Thames Fatles were formed in 2007, this year, FCDG had their first home bout, the Thames Fatales beat the London Thrashers. In 2008, the Fatales and Thrashers played in the first Beast of the East tournament in Montreal.

Both teams lost and were eliminated early on. During the first official FCDG season, the Fatales dominated the Thrashers 2-1; the Fatales played in the "Virgin Suicides" tournament hosted by the Greater Toronto Area Rollergirls in the summer of 2008. After victories over the host team Derby Debutantes and the Tri-City Rollergirls' Vicious Dishes, they lost in the final to Hammer City's Death Row Dames. In 2009, the Fatales played three games at Beast of the East but were eliminated by the Death Row Dames of Hammer City; the Fatales had a record of 3-3 for the season. In 2010, the Fatales played four games at Beast of the East and were eliminated by Les Filles Du Roi of Montreal Roller Derby; the Fatales had a record of 5-2 for the season. The Lunch Ladies team made their debut with wins against the Rollergettes, Nickel City Roller Derby (Sudbury and Total Knock-Outs from Tri-City Rollergirls. In 2010, the Fatales played a ten-game season going 6-4 including wins over Hammer City's Eh Team and Montreal's Les Filles du Roi.

The Lunch Ladies, still considered the league rookie team, went 3-2 including another win over Tri-City's Total Knock-Outs. In 2011 Forest City sent a mixed team of veterans and rookies who won the CWRDA Eastern Championships in Ottawa, after defeating a Rideau Valley Roller Girls B team in the final; this was the first tournament win for Forest City. In 2012 Forest City was accepted into the Women's Flat Track Derby Association Apprentice program and formed their new travel team, the Timber Rollers; the Luscious Lunch Ladies became a regular home team but continued to play teams from other leagues, playing five games with their first losing record of 2-3. After a win over Royal City Roller Girls' Violet Uprising, they were bested by Tri-City's Total Knock-Outs as well as Rideau Valleys's Slaughter Daughters, one of the best home teams in Eastern Canada; the Fatales played to a record of 4-4, including their fifth consecutive Beast of the East tournament. Forest City sent another mixed team of veterans and rookies to the Roller Derby Association of Canada Eastern Region Championship in Guelph.

Receiving a bye due to their previous year's victory, they defeated Royal City's Brute Leggers before losing in the final to Toronto's Bay Street Bruisers. Forest City finished the season playing their first games in their new home, the Western Fair District's Agriplex and had team tryouts for the Timber Rollers. 2012 saw the formation of an affiliated men's league, the Forest City Derby Guys. Forest City's first games of 2013 saw the Lunch Ladies beat the Thames Fatales by a score of 218-119, although the Fatales would go on to win the season series two games to one; the Fatales finished the season with a 4-5 record, their second trip to the quarterfinals at Beast of the East. The Lunch Ladies finished their season at 3-4; the Timber Rollers started the season with four straight wins and finished with six wins and three losses. Forest City was accepted as a full WFTDA member league in September 2013, the Timber Rollers played first sanctioned game against Lansing Derby Vixens, a 140-126 loss.

Forest City's affiliated Men's League formed their first team, the Pack Men and played their debut bout against Ottawa's Slaughter Squad, taking a final jam victory 207-195. In May 2018, the league announced a rebrand as Forest City Roller Derby. Forest City features two teams, the Timber Rollers A team, the de facto home team of the Thames Fatales; as of December 2017 the Luscious Lunch Ladies are on hiatus. The Thames Fatales are identified by their green and black uniforms, as well as their "Sexy Swamp Lady" logo; the London Thrashers were founded in 2006 as the first home team of FCDG, but disbanded in late 2008 to consolidate league members onto one team. They played one full season against the Thames Fatales and participated in the first Beast of the East in Montreal. Forest City has fielded skaters including at the international level. Killson played for Team Canada at the 2011 Roller Derby World Cup in Toronto. Pepe le Punch played for Team France at the 2014 Roller Derby World Cup in Dallas, again at the 2018 Roller Derby World Cup in Manchester.

Jewels C Stars played for Team Ontario Roller Derby in 2014. Forest City is considered to have originated the "double-fist pump" hand gesture to signify to teammates that a powerjam is happening


Lechrain is the name of an informally defined region of Germany extending southwards from Augsburg towards the foothills of the Alps along the Lech river on the east bank. It forms a boundary region between Swabia; the Lechrainer dialect has traces of Middle High German. The name "Lechrain" includes the Old High German "rein", indicating a borderland, in this case between Bavaria and Swabia, it stretches from the foothills of the Alps into the Danube valley. The main settlements are Kempten, Füssen, Peiting, Landsberg am Lech, Friedberg and Donauwörth. Before the Christian era the land was occupied by Celts by Romans and by Alemanni and Bavarians. Under the Romans it was the province of "Raetia II". In the 8th century it lay on the border between Bavaria and Swabia in the Merovingian and Carolingian periods, it was occupied by Guelphs and from the 13th century, the Wittelsbach dynasty. The land was always disputed between the Swabian imperial city of Augsburg. In the 19th century, when Augsburg and east Swabia were incorporated in Bavaria it lost its political meaning, but it retains a distinctive culture.

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