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College Street (Toronto)

College Street is a principal arterial thoroughfare in downtown Toronto, connecting former streetcar suburbs in the west with the city centre. The street is home to an ethnically diverse population in the western residential reaches, institutions like the Ontario Legislature and the University of Toronto in the downtown core. At Yonge Street, College continues to the east as Carlton Street. College Street takes its name from the University of Toronto King's College. Between Spadina Avenue and Yonge Street, College marks the southern boundary of the original 1827 land grant for the college; the street was proposed as an east-west route along the boundary, although the section was not built until 1859. The first section built was to the west of Spadina Avenue, through the estate of Robert Baldwin, who laid out the route; this section was built with the 100 feet, used for Spadina. The section through Baldwin's estate was laid out in 1842, the wide section was extended to Manning Avenue through the Denison and Crookshank estates.

After John Howard made the 1873 land grant which would become High Park, the Denison family proposed that the city extend College Street west as a sort of'driving park' to access the new public lands. The path to the west of Manning Avenue was blocked by William Wakefield, who owned the land beyond and was holding out for a high sale price; the purchase of Wakefield's land did not take place until 1879. The right-of-way purchased through Wakefield's land was the standard 66 feet width, rather than the 100 ft width to the east; the cost of the land may have been a factor. Building the route west of Clinton Street was a challenge in the 1880s. At the time, a direct line west would have traveled through the ravines of Garrison and Brewery Creeks as far as Dufferin Street, the western city limit at the time. Instead, the road was rerouted along a north-western crescent running parallel to the creeks; the route proceeded straight as far west as Havelock Street, just east of Dufferin. At Havelock Street, the right-of-way intersected the property of Charles Lindsay.

The alignment of College Street would have bisected his property, leaving unsaleable lot sizes on the south side of College. Lindsay was able to convince the city to reroute around his property to the north, with a'kink' that exists to this day. After the suburb of Brockton was annexed in the 1880s, the final section of College Street was built to Lansdowne Avenue in 1886, it was expected that College would be extended further, but just west of Lansdowne the rail lines created a barrier. A precursor to an extended College Street, called Grenadier Road, was laid out in the Roncesvalles district, on the west side of High Park in Swansea as well as a section in Etobicoke, but connections to those streets were never made. Streetcar service extended as far west as Dufferin by 1889, to High Park by 1893. Sunday operation of the line to High Park did not begin until 1897, after a citywide plebiscite was held on the issue of Sunday streetcar operation; the streetcar led to the development of residential sub-divisions on both sides, with street frontages empty.

The frontages were used for billboards, with development on the street only filling up the lots on both sides by World War I, although some vacant lots existed into the 1920s. The intersection at Yonge Street is dominated by the landmark College Park complex, which once housed an Eaton's department store; this historic building is now used for retail and residential purposes. At University Avenue, College traverses a major institutional district, with the Ontario Legislature, the University of Toronto, the MaRS Discovery District marking one of the city's most important and historic intersections; the district features a concentration of teaching hospitals, including Toronto General Hospital, the Hospital for Sick Children, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto Rehab. Between University and Spadina Avenue, the street bounds the Grange Park neighbourhood to the south, a mixed-residential area with student housing and historic residences such as George Brown House; the intersection at Spadina Avenue represents the northern boundary of the city's principal Chinatown, as well as the western boundary of the university.

The intersection is marked by the focal point of 1 Spadina Crescent in a roundabout to the north, a complex rail interchange where the busy 510 Spadina streetcar route, running on a dedicated right-of-way, meets the 506 Carlton route. The section of College west of Spadina is home to a variety of computer stores, known as a destination for cheap computer parts; this stretch of College forms the northern border of Kensington Market. West of Bathurst Street, College is the heart of Toronto's Little Italy and is dotted with restaurants and trendy bars. Further west, College is residential; the Toronto Transit Commission's 506 Carlton streetcar route runs along Carlton Streets. College is served by Queen's Park station and College station on the University and Yonge branches of the Yonge-University-Spadina subway line; the following is a list of major intersections along College Street Dundas Street Lansdowne Avenue Ossington Avenue Bathurst Street Spadina Avenue University Avenue / Queen's Park Crescent Bay Street Yonge Street De Kerck, Denis.

College Street, Little Italy: Toronto's Renaissance Strip. Toronto, Ontario: Mansfield Press. ISBN 1-894469-27-5. Fram, Mark, "19th-century Suburbia 21st-century Cool", College Street, Little Italy: Toronto's Renaissance Strip, Ontario: Mansfield Press, ISBN 1-894469-27-5

Uragan-class guard ship

The Uragan-class guard ships were built for the Soviet Navy as small patrol and escort ships. Eighteen were built in the 1930s and served during World War II in all four of the Soviet Fleets: Baltic, Black Sea and Pacific. Four were lost during the war and the rest remained in service until the late 1950s in various secondary roles; the official Soviet designation was Project 2, Project 4 and Project 39, but they were nicknamed the "Bad Weather Flotilla" by Soviet sailors by virtue of their meteorological names. By the mid-1920s the Soviet Navy wanted to replace the few old Tsarist torpedo boats that it had left acting as guard ships; the initial requirement was for a ship not to exceed 300 long tons, armed with two old 4-inch guns, three 450 mm torpedo tubes and could carry mines as necessary. It was to be powered by four Beardmore 6,000 shaft horsepower diesel engines imported from the United Kingdom, but this plan was thwarted by Soviet financial support for the miners during the 1926 United Kingdom general strike.

The preliminary designs had to be revised for steam propulsion, a task complicated by the break in Soviet ship construction between 1917 and 1924 when no ships, naval or commercial, had been built and many experienced naval architects had either fled the country, found new jobs, or were politically suspect and not allowed to work. It proved impossible to work within the 300-ton limit with steam turbines and the tonnage limit was increased to 350 tons when the Navy approved the preliminary design on 26 November 1926. Detailed design of the ship and its power plant was assigned to the Zhandov Shipyard in Leningrad, they proposed two alternative steam pressure power plants. The Navy rejected the high-pressure design and ordered studies evaluating "a three-shaft combined power plant with 2-shaft geared turbines plus 1-shaft diesel engine for cruising, diesel-electric, diesel." These were rejected and the original two-shaft turbine power plant was selected. At the same time it became clear that the new 350 ton limit was inadequate and 400 tons would be needed.

The twelfth design was approved on 23 June 1927 as the Project 2. The Uragan-class ships displaced 457 tonnes at 629 tonnes at full load, they were 71.5 m long overall, had a beam of 7.4 m and at full load a draft of 2.6 m. The ships had 14 main watertight compartments and a double bottom only underneath the machinery and boiler rooms; the riveted hull used the typical Russian framing method of longitudinal framing for the bulk of the hull and traverse framing for the ends. The Uragans proved to be heavier than designed and had only a meter of freeboard aft, which made their main deck permanently wet in any kind of sea, their stability was less than optimum as they were top-heavy and they were 6 knots slower than designed. In their intended role they "were complete failures – they were too slow for use as torpedo boats and of no value as ASW vessels because of their lack of depth charge handling equipment and underwater detection devices"; the power plant was two three-drum watertube boilers and two geared turbines, each driving one shaft.

It was arranged on a unit basis, with alternate boiler and engine rooms in pairs, so that a single hit could not disable both boilers or both turbines. Each boiler had a nominal capacity of 20-tons/hour of superheated steam at a pressure of 21 atmospheres and a temperature of 210 °C; each turbine set consisted of one high-speed turbine and a low-speed turbine. The latter had an astern turbine housed in its casing; the total power was designed to be 7,500 shaft horsepower, but this figure wasn't reached in practice. Each shaft drove a three-bladed bronze propeller for a designed speed of 29 knots, although this too wasn't reached in practice; the normal oil capacity was 48 long tons which gave an endurance of 700 nmi at full speed or 1,500 nmi at 14 knots. The maximum amount of fuel that could be carried was 160 long tons. Two 30 kW turbo-generators supplied the 115 volt electrical systems of the Uragans. One 11 kW. Two single 102 mm guns were carried in open pivot mounts as the ship's main armament.

Each gun had a magazine with a capacity of two hundred rounds underneath it, although only the one on the forecastle had a hoist. The ammunition for the rear mount had to be hand-carried. Three single Vickers 2 pounder pom-poms and three 12.7 mm machine guns were intended as the anti-aircraft armament, but deteriorating relations with the United Kingdom prevented the Soviets from buying any of these weapons. Most ships completed without any AA guns as the Soviets needed some time to develop their own equivalent AA guns. A triple 450 mm torpedo tube mount. Up to fifty mines or depth charges could be carried using mine rails mounted on the main deck. No sonar was fitted so dropping depth charges was an act of futility. Two K-1 minesweeping paravanes were fitted on the main deck, they were served by a jib crane mounted on the stern. One 2-metre rangefinder was mounted above the open bridge and a 1-metre searchlight was fitted on a small platform abaft the rear funnel. A total of eighteen Uragan-class guard ships were planned, but Soviet shipbuilding capacity was inadequate to begin them all at once.

Series I was intended as a group of six to be built at the Zhandov Shipya

Emotions and culture

According to some theories, emotions are universal phenomena, albeit affected by culture. Emotions are "internal phenomena that can, but do not always, make themselves observable through expression and behavior". While some emotions are universal and are experienced in similar ways as a reaction to similar events across all cultures, other emotions show considerable cultural differences in their antecedent events, the way they are experienced, the reactions they provoke and the way they are perceived by the surrounding society. According to other theories, termed social constructionist, emotions are more culturally influenced; the components of emotions are universal. Some theorize that culture is affected by emotions of the people. Research on the relationship between culture and emotions dates back to 1872 when Darwin argued that emotions and the expression of emotions are universal. Since that time, the universality of the seven basic emotions has ignited a discussion amongst psychologists and sociologists.

While emotions themselves are universal phenomena, they are always influenced by culture. How emotions are experienced, expressed and regulated varies as a function of culturally normative behavior by the surrounding society. Therefore, it can be said that culture is a necessary framework for researchers to understand variations in emotions. In Darwin's opening chapter of The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals, Darwin considered the face to be the preeminent medium of emotional expression in humans, capable of representing both major emotions and subtle variations within each one. Darwin's ideas about facial expressions and his reports of cultural differences became the foundation for ethological research strategies. Silvan Tomkins' Affect Theory 1963) built upon Darwin's research, arguing that facial expressions are biologically based, universal manifestations of emotions; the research of Paul Ekman and Carroll Izard further explored the proposed universality of emotions, showing that the expression of emotions were recognized as communicating the same feelings in cultures found in Europe and South America and Africa.

Ekman and Izard both created sets of photographs displaying emotional expressions that were agreed upon by Americans. These photographs were shown to people in other countries with the instructions to identify the emotion that best describes the face; the work of Ekman, Izard, concluded that facial expressions were in fact universal and phylogenetically derived. Some theorists, including Darwin argued that "Emotion... is neuromuscular activity of the face". Many researchers since have criticized this belief and instead argue that emotions are much more complex than thought. In addition to pioneering research in psychology, ethnographic accounts of cultural differences in emotion began to emerge. Margaret Mead, a cultural anthropologist writes about unique emotional phenomena she experienced while living among a small village of 600 Samoans on the island of Ta'u in her book Coming of Age in Samoa. Gregory Bateson, an English anthropologist, social scientist and visual anthropologist used photography and film to document his time with the people of Bajoeng Gede in Bali.

According to his work, cultural differences were evident in how the Balinese mothers displayed muted emotional responses to their children when the child showed a climax of emotion. In displays of both love and anger Bateson's notes documented that mother and child interactions did not follow Western social norms; the fieldwork of anthropologist Jean Briggs details her two year experience living with the Utku Inuit people in her book Never in Anger: Portrait of an Eskimo Family. Briggs lived as the daughter of an Utku family describing their society as unique emotional control, she observed expressions of anger or aggression and if it were expressed, it resulted in ostracism. Scholars working on the history of emotions have provided some useful terms for discussing cultural emotion expression. Concerned with distinguishing a society's emotional values and emotional expressions from an individual's actual emotional experience, William Reddy has coined the term emotive. In The Making of Romantic Love, Reddy uses cultural counterpoints to give credence to his argument that romantic love is a 12th-century European construct, built in a response to the parochial view that sexual desire was immoral.

Reddy suggests that the opposition of sexual ardor and true love was not present in either Heain Japan or the Indian kingdoms of Bengal and Orissa. Indeed, these cultures did not share the view of sexual desire as a form of appetite, which Reddy suggests was disseminated by the Church. Sexuality and spirituality were not conceived in a way which separated lust from love: indeed, sex was used as a medium of spiritual worship, emulating the divine love between Krishna and Rada. Sexual desire and love were inextricable from one another. Reddy therefore argues that the emotion of romantic love was created in Europe in the 12th century, was not present in other cultures at the time. Culture provides structure, guidelines and rules to help people understand and interpret behaviors. Several ethnographic studies suggest there are cultural differences in social consequences when it comes to evaluating emotions. For example, as Jean Briggs described in the Utku Eskimo population, anger was expressed, in the rare occasion that it did occur, it resulted in social ostracism.

These cultural expectations of emotions are s

Larry Robinson (chemist)

Larry Robinson is an American academic, former chemist and the current President of Florida A&M University. Robinson, an African American, started his college education at LeMoyne-Owen College and graduated from University of Memphis, now the University of Memphis, in 1979 with summa cum laude honors and a B. S. degree in chemistry. He received a Ph. D. in nuclear chemistry from Washington University in St. Louis in 1984. In that year, he joined the research staff of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, where he was a research scientist and served as a group leader, he left ORNL in 1997 to accept a faculty position at FAMU. At FAMU, Robinson became director of the university's Environmental Sciences Institute. In addition to conducting research on environmental chemistry of coastal ecosystems, he had a leadership role in establishing new B. S. and Ph. D. degree programs. In 2003, he became FAMU provost and vice president for academic affairs, serving until 2005. In 2007 he became the university's chief operating officer and vice president for research, served for several weeks as the school's interim president.

In May 2010, he left that position to become Assistant Secretary for Conservation and Management in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. In November 2011 he returned to FAMU as a professor and special assistant, in March 2012 he was named provost and vice president for academic affairs. In July 2012, the FAMU Board of Trustees appointed Robinson to serve as the university's interim president, replacing James H. Ammons. On September 15, 2016, he was named to a third stint as interim university president following the approval of a separation agreement with the 11th president, Elmira Mangum. On November 30, 2017, Robinson was named the 12th President of Florida A&M University. One of Robinson's primary research interests is environmental chemistry, including the detection of trace elements in environmental matrices by nuclear methods. In 1991, while at ORNL, Robinson was a participant in a well-publicized investigation into the cause of the death of 19th-century U. S. President Zachary Taylor.

When Taylor died rather in 1850, the cause of his death was listed as gastroenteritis, but some historians thought he might have been poisoned with arsenic. His descendants gave permission for his remains to be exhumed in order to allow analysis of tiny samples of his hair and fingernails. With ORNL's High Flux Isotope Reactor as a neutron source and colleagues used neutron activation analysis to measure arsenic levels in the samples; the analysis led to a finding that Taylor did not die from arsenic poisoning, as arsenic was not detected in the samples, indicating that arsenic concentrations were many times lower than would be expected in arsenic poisoning

Ikue Ōtani

Ikue Ōtani is a Japanese actress, voice actress and narrator from Tokyo. She is best known for her anime roles in the Pokémon series, One Piece, Detective Conan, Smile PreCure!, Uchi no Sanshimai, Konjiki no Gash Bell, Persona 5. She is attached to Mausu Promotion, her pet name is "Iku-chan". She is known for playing both male and female roles, sometimes plays multiple roles in one production, she grew up in Niigata Prefecture. My Neighbor Totoro – A Girl Detective Conan films – Mitsuhiko Tsuburaya Martian Successor Nadesico: The Motion Picture – Prince of Darkness – Yukina Shiratori Pokémon films – Ash's Pikachu Oh My Goddess! – Sora Hasegawa Ojamajo Doremi #: The Movie – Hana-chan One Piece films – Tony Tony Chopper Konjiki no Gash Bell!!: 101 Banme no Mamono – Gash Bell Konjiki no Gash Bell!! Movie 2: Attack of the Mecha-Vulcan – Gash Bell Keroro Gunso the Super Movie 4: Gekishin Dragon WarriorsTerara Gothicmade – Love Pretty Cure All Stars New Stage: Mirai no Tomodachi - Candy Smile PreCure!

The Movie: Big Mismatch in a Picture Book - Candy Pretty Cure All Stars New Stage 2: Kokoro no Tomodachi - Candy Mary and the Witch's Flower - Tib-cat Doraemon: Nobita's Chronicle of the Moon Exploration – AI Another Eden Ar tonelico Qoga Battle Stadium D. O. N Blood Will Tell Brave Fencer Musashi Corpse Party: Blood Covered Repeated Fear Corpse Party: Book of Shadows Corpse Party:Blood Drive Corpse Party - The Anthology - Sachiko’s Game of Love Hysteric Birthday 2U Daraku Tenshi - The Fallen Angels (Musuran Detective Conan: Tsuioku no Mirajiyu Fire Emblem Awakening Fire Emblem Heroes FIST Guardian Heroes Gulliver Boy Gunbird 2 Gunparade March Harukanaru Toki no Naka de as Fuji-hime Harukanaru Toki no Naka de 2 as Fujiwara no Yukari and Misono Harukanaru Toki no Naka de 3 as Hakuryuu Kingdom Hearts II Konjiki no Gash Bell!! Series League of Legends Martian Successor Nadesico Marvel vs. Capcom series Mega Man Legends series Musashi: Samurai Legend Nora to Toki no Kōbō: Kiri no Mori no Majo Ojamajo Doremi series One Piece series Persona 5 Pokémon series Popolocrois: Narcia's Tears And The Fairy's Flute Pretty Fighter Project X Zone 2 Sdorica Shenmue II Shironeko Project Smile Precure!

Let's Go! Märchen World Sonic Shuffle Super Smash Bros. series Super Smash Bros. Ultimate a Tales of the Abyss ToHeart Tokimeki Memorial Girl's Side Wild Arms Alter Code: F ^a The Japanese vocal tracks for these characters appear in the Chinese and Korean versions of the game. Love & Peace – Kame Detective Pikachu – Detective Pikachu Patalliro! – Ouran High School Host Club Elemental Gelade Election Forrest Gump How the Grinch Stole Christmas Mercury Rising Milk Money Multiplicity One Fine Day Ramona and Beezus Stuart Little Uptown Girls Moominvalley "Pīsumairu!" "Getta Ban Ban" "Pikachu no Uta" "Arōra!!" Official agency profile Ikue Ōtani at Ryu's Seiyuu Info Ikue Ōtani at Anime News Network's encyclopedia Ikue Ōtani on IMDb Ikue Ōtani at the Japanese Movie Database


Shahritus spelled as Shaartuz, is a city in southwestern Tajikistan region. Situated on the River Kafirnigan, the city was founded in 1938. There are six jamoats in the Shaartuz district. Shaartuz Pakhtaobod Obshoron Sayod Jura Nazarov Holmatov Shaartuz has a cold semi-arid climate; the average annual temperature is 17.2°C. The warmest month is July with an average temperature of 30.2°C and the coolest month is January with an average temperature of 3.3°C. The average annual precipitation has an average of 59.2 days with precipitation. The wettest month is March with an average of 58.0mm of precipitation and the driest month is August with an average of 0mm of precipitation. The railway crosses the river at this point. Railway stations in Tajikistan Jamoat's Understanding of Poor Households List of Jamoats