Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge
Gonville and Caius College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in Cambridge, England. The college is the fourth-oldest college at the University of Cambridge, the college has been attended by many students who have gone on to significant accomplishment, including fourteen Nobel Prize winners, the second-most of any Oxbridge college. The college has long associations with medical teaching, especially due to its alumni physicians, John Caius. Other famous alumni in the sciences include Francis Crick, James Chadwick, Stephen Hawking, previously Cambridges Lucasian Chair of Mathematics Emeritus, is a current fellow of the college. The college maintains academic programmes in other disciplines, including economics, English literature. Gonville and Caius is said to own or have rights to much of the land in Cambridge, several streets in the city, such as Harvey Road, Glisson Road and Gresham Road, are named after alumni of the College. The college was first founded, as Gonville Hall, by Edmund Gonville, Rector of Terrington St Clement in Norfolk in 1348, when Gonville died three years later, he left a struggling institution with almost no money.
The executor of his will, William Bateman, Bishop of Norwich, stepped in and he leased himself the land close to the river to set up his own college, Trinity Hall, and renamed Gonville Hall The Hall of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Bateman appointed the first Master of the new college his former chaplain John Colton, by the sixteenth century, the college had fallen into disrepair, and in 1557 it was refounded by Royal Charter as Gonville and Caius College by the physician John Caius. John Caius was master of the college from 1559 until shortly before his death in 1573 and he provided the college with significant funds and greatly extended the buildings. During his time as Master, Caius accepted no payment but insisted on several unusual rules, Caius built a three-sided court, Caius Court, “lest the air from being confined within a narrow space should become foul”. Caius did, found the college as a centre for the study of medicine. By 1630, the college had expanded greatly, having around 25 fellows and 150 students, since the college has grown considerably and now has one of the largest undergraduate populations in the university.
The college first admitted women as fellows and students in 1979 and it now has over 110 Fellows, over 700 students and about 200 staff. Gonville and Caius is one of the wealthiest of all Cambridge colleges with net assets of £180 million in 2014, the college’s present Master, the 42nd, is Alan Fersht. The first buildings to be erected on the current site date from 1353 when Bateman built Gonville Court. The college chapel was added in 1393 with the Old Hall, most of the stone used to build the college came from Ramsey Abbey near Ramsey, Cambridgeshire. Gonville and Caius has the oldest college chapel in either Oxford or Cambridge which has been in use as such
Magdalene College, Cambridge
Magdalene College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge. The college was founded in 1428 as a Benedictine hostel, in coming to be known as Buckingham College. Magdalene College has some of the grandest benefactors including Britains premier noble the Duke of Norfolk, however the refoundation was largely the work of Thomas Audley, Lord Chancellor under Henry VIII. Audley gave the college its motto—garde ta foy, audleys successors in the Mastership and as benefactors of the College were, prone to dire ends, several benefactors were arraigned at various stages on charges of high treason and executed. The colleges most famous alumnus is Samuel Pepys, whose papers and books were donated to the college upon his death, the college boasts a portrait of the famous diarist by Peter Lely, which hangs in the Hall. Magdalene is noted for its style, it boasts a well-regarded candlelit formal hall and was the last all-male college in Oxford or Cambridge to admit women in 1988. This change resulted in protests by some undergraduates, including the wearing of black armbands.
Magdalenes old buildings are representative of the colleges ramshackle growth from a monks foundation into a centre of education and it is distinctive in that most of the old buildings are in brick rather than stone. Magdalene Street divides the most ancient courts from more recent developments, one of the accommodation blocks in the newer part of the college was built by Edwin Lutyens in the early 1930s. Opened in 2005, Cripps Court, on Chesterton Road, features new undergraduate rooms, Magdalene remains, despite this 20th-century expansion, one of the smaller colleges within the University, numbering some 300 undergraduates and an expanding postgraduate community. Magdalene College was first founded in 1428 as Monks Hostel, which hosted Benedictine student monks, the secluded location of the hostel was chosen because it was separated from the town centre by the River Cam and protected by the Cambridge Castle. The main buildings of the college were first constructed in the 1470s under the leadership of John de Wisbech, under the patronage of Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, the institution was renamed Buckingham College.
In the 16th century, the Church of England broke away from the Papacy, with the subsequent Dissolution of the Monasteries, the parent abbey of Buckingham College, Crowland Abbey, was dissolved. However, the college remained in operation, walden Abbey, one of the Benedictine abbeys associated with Buckingham College, came into the possession of Thomas Audley after the Dissolution of the Monasteries. In 1542, Audley refounded Buckingham College as the College of Saint Mary Magdalene, derived from Audley were the arms of Magdalene, including the motto Garde Ta Foy, and the wyvern as the crest. Thomas Audley died in 1544 aged 56, only two years after he re-founded the college and he donated to the college seven acres of property at Aldgate in London, which was his reward from Henry VIII for disposing of Anne Boleyn. This property would have brought enormous income had it been retained by the college, under the conspiracy of the Elizabethan banker Benedict Spinola, the property was permanently alienated to the Crown in 1574.
The transaction involved Spinola luring the master and fellows of the time to accept an increase in the rental from £9 to £15 a year in exchange for the property
Robinson College, Cambridge
Robinson College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge, England. Robinson gave his college another £1 million on the occasion of its official opening, the first graduate students and fellows joined the college in 1977. Undergraduates were first admitted in 1979, but significant numbers only began arriving the following year, the college was formally opened by Queen Elizabeth II in May 1981. Robinson is in less formal and traditional than most of the older colleges in the university. The Arms of the College are described as follows, Azure in base two Bars wavy Argent over all a Pegasus rampant Or gorged with a Crown rayonny Gules, the Latin grace is read before the start of formal hall. Latin, domine, nobis et donis tuis, per Jesum Christum dominum nostrum, amen. Lord, bless us and your gifts, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Designed by the Scottish architectural firm Gillespie, Kidd & Coia, in November 2008 the College was named in the 50 most inspiring buildings in Britain by The Daily Telegraph.
Of particular note are the library and chapel, the latter with stained-glass windows designed by John Piper. The college is located a ten-minute walk west of the city centre, behind the University Library, near the buildings in West Cambridge. It stands on a 12. 5-acre wooded site noted for its historical and horticultural interest, Robinson owns a number of houses on Adams Road and Sylvester Road adjoining the main college site, which it uses for student accommodation. A number of students live in college-owned accommodation elsewhere in Cambridge. The main entrance to the college is via a ramp which is accessible to wheelchair users. The Needham Research Institute is located within the college grounds, as one of Cambridges most important conference centres, Robinson hosts a number of conferences during the summer vacation when the undergraduate students are absent. Politically, Robinson is generally seen as liberal, Robinson has supplied a large number of Green Officers to the Cambridge University Students Union in recent years and in 2008 was judged the most environmentally friendly college in Cambridge.
Like other colleges, Robinson provides its students with facilities such as a JCR, MCR, TV room, art room, cafe. There is a party room, dedicated to hosting college bops. Musical talents are catered for by a room, CD library. There are sports teams, covering most major sports, everything from water polo and cricket to rowing
Trinity Hall, Cambridge
Trinity Hall is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge, England. It is the fifth-oldest college of the university, having founded in 1350 by William Bateman. Historically, Trinity Hall was known for teaching Law, today, it teaches the sciences and this led the college to be particularly strong in legal studies, a tradition that has continued over the centuries. At first all colleges in Cambridge were known as Halls or Houses, when Henry VIII founded Trinity College, Cambridge next door, it became clear that Trinity Hall would continue being known as a Hall. This is why it is incorrect to call it Trinity Hall College, although Trinity Hall college is, strictly speaking, interestingly a similar situation existed once before in the history of the University, when Henry VI founded Kings College despite the existence of Kings Hall. Kings Hall was incorporated in the foundation of Trinity College in 1546, the chapel was licensed in 1352 and built in 1366, in the year that Pope Urban V granted the Master and Fellows permission to celebrate Mass in the college.
In 1729, Sir Nathaniel Lloyd redecorated the chapel in what, despite subsequent enlargements, remains an intimate style, the painting in the chapel is Maso da San Frianos Salutation or Visitation, depicting Marys visit to Elizabeth, mother of John the Baptist. Like the chapel, the Hall of the college was rebuilt by Sir Nathaniel Lloyd and it remains one of the smallest and most intimate halls in the University. The college library was built in the sixteenth century, probably during the mastership of Thomas Preston and is now principally used for the storage of manuscripts. The new Jerwood Library overlooking the river was opened by Lord Howe in 1999, the college owns properties in the centre of Cambridge, on Bateman Street and Thompsons Lane, and on its Wychfield Site next to Fitzwilliam College. The current Master is the Revd Jeremy Morris and he took up the role on 1 October 2014 after Martin Daunton stepped down after ten years in post
Murray Edwards College, Cambridge
Murray Edwards College is a women-only constituent college of the University of Cambridge. It was founded as New Hall in 1954, and unlike other colleges, it was founded without a benefactor. New Hall was founded in 1954, housing sixteen students in Silver Street where Darwin College now stands and this was at a time when Cambridge had the lowest proportion of women undergraduates of any university in the United Kingdom, and when only two other colleges admitted female students. In 1962, members of the Darwin family gave their home, The Orchard and this new site was located on Huntingdon Road, about a mile from the centre of Cambridge. The architects chosen were Chamberlin and Bon, who are known for their design of the Barbican in London, the building work began in 1964 and was completed by W. & C. The new college could house up to 300 students, in 1975, the Colleges President Dame Rosemary Murray became the first woman to hold the post of Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge. Since then, two subsequent presidents, Anne Lonsdale and Jennifer Barnes, have become Pro-Vice-Chancellors of the University of Cambridge, men-only Cambridge colleges were converted into mixed colleges in the 1970s and 1980s.
The fellowship and staff at Murray Edwards College are nevertheless recruited from both sexes, New Hall received its Royal Charter in 1972. Vertically in the centre, place a Dolphin with head downwards to the left, on top, place three stars horizontally across. Bordering the arms, place a square representing the battlements of a castle. The black castellation round the arms marks the location on Castle Hill. The three stars are borrowed from the Murray coat of arms, while the heraldic Dolphin symbolises a youthful spirit of exploration and discovery, in addition to the arms, the college had designed a new logo to mark its transition from New Hall to Murray Edwards College. It was based on the design of the interior of the hall and was called the spark. However, on consultation with its alumnae, the decided to continue to use its arms in official materials. Like many of the other Cambridge Colleges, Murray Edwards College was not built all at one time but expanded as the need arose, the College therefore has several accommodation blocks of differing styles.
It is divided into the Wolfson and Spooner Wings, part of the original structure was designed in the 1960s and completed in 1965. In 2009, part of block was refurbished to improve fire safety. Pearl House, named after Dr Valerie Pearl, the second President of the College, the building was constructed with funding from the Kaetsu Foundation
Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge
Fitzwilliam College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Cambridge, England. The institution was based at Fitzwilliam Hall, opposite the Fitzwilliam Museum in central Cambridge. Having moved to its present site in the north of the city, female undergraduates were first admitted in 1978, around the time most colleges were first admitting women. Six members of Fitzwilliam College have received a Nobel Prize, Fitzwilliam is now home to around 450 undergraduates,300 graduate students and 90 fellows. This became the headquarters of the Non-Collegiate Students Board and provided student facilities and it was renamed Fitzwilliam House in 1922. It developed a tradition in Medicine and established a reputation as one of the most internationally diverse institutions within the University, in the second half of the 20th century, the availability of grants made Cambridge more accessible and the need for a non-collegiate body of undergraduates began to decline. The suggestion that Fitzwilliam close prompted an outcry from former students, funds were accumulated and a new site was acquired at Castle Hill, about one mile north of the city centre.
The first new buildings were opened in 1963, in 1966, Fitzwilliam House was granted a royal charter by the Queen-in-Council and became Fitzwilliam College. Since Fitzwilliam began operating at its current site in the north-west of Cambridge, it has steadily and developed into one of the Universitys larger. Built around a manor house, the college has grown by one or two buildings each decade and now consists of five interconnected courts, enclosing large, rectangular gardens. In contrast to most of the University, and indeed the regency estate at the colleges centre, the first two courts and the central building were designed by Sir Denys Lasdun and completed in 1963. The intention was for buildings to constitute the back of the college and, as funding became available, the college grew to the south, with New Court. Finally, the plan was completed when Gatehouse Court became the new front. In the following year, the completed the new Auditorium building. Fitzwilliam has, over the years, known for its beautiful gardens.
In 2008, an archaeological dig discovered on the College site the earliest clear evidence of settlement in Cambridge, Fitzwilliam was the third Cambridge college and is, as of today, one of only seven to have won University Challenge. It did so in 1973 with a team consisted of Philip Bassett, David Curry. The same team featured in the 2002 Reunited Series and won its only game, the main grounds of the College are located off Storeys Way, towards the north-west of Cambridge
Trinity College, Cambridge
Trinity College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England. With around 600 undergraduates,300 graduates, and over 180 fellows, by combined student numbers, it is second to Homerton College, Cambridge. Members of Trinity have won 32 Nobel Prizes out of the 91 won by members of Cambridge University, five Fields Medals in mathematics were won by members of the college and one Abel Prize was won. Other royal family members have studied there without obtaining degrees, including King Edward VII, King George VI, along with Christs, Kings and St Johns colleges, it has provided several of the well known members of the Apostles, an intellectual secret society. In 1848, Trinity hosted the meeting at which Cambridge undergraduates representing private schools such as Westminster drew up the first formal rules of football, Trinitys sister college in Oxford is Christ Church. Like that college, Trinity has been linked with Westminster School since the schools re-foundation in 1560, the college was founded by Henry VIII in 1546, from the merger of two existing colleges and Kings Hall.
At the time, Henry had been seizing church lands from abbeys, the universities of Oxford and Cambridge, being both religious institutions and quite rich, expected to be next in line. The King duly passed an Act of Parliament that allowed him to any college he wished. The universities used their contacts to plead with his sixth wife, the Queen persuaded her husband not to close them down, but to create a new college. The king did not want to use royal funds, so he combined two colleges and seven hostels to form Trinity. Contrary to popular belief, the lands granted by Henry VIII were not on their own sufficient to ensure Trinitys eventual rise. In its infancy Trinity had owed a great deal to its college of St Johns. Its first four Masters were educated at St Johns, and it took until around 1575 for the two colleges application numbers to draw even, a position in which they have remained since the Civil War. Bentley himself was notorious for the construction of a hugely expensive staircase in the Masters Lodge, most of the Trinitys major buildings date from the 16th and 17th centuries.
Thomas Nevile, who became Master of Trinity in 1593, rebuilt and this work included the enlargement and completion of Great Court, and the construction of Neviles Court between Great Court and the river Cam. Neviles Court was completed in the late 17th century when the Wren Library, in the 20th century, Trinity College, St Johns College and Kings College were for decades the main recruiting grounds for the Cambridge Apostles, an elite, intellectual secret society. In 2011, the John Templeton Foundation awarded Trinity Colleges Master, Trinity is the richest Oxbridge college, with a landholding alone worth £800 million. Trinity is sometimes suggested to be the second, third or fourth wealthiest landowner in the UK – after the Crown Estate, the National Trust, in 2005, Trinitys annual rental income from its properties was reported to be in excess of £20 million
University of Cambridge
The University of Cambridge is a collegiate public research university in Cambridge, often regarded as one of the most prestigious universities in the world. Founded in 1209 and given royal status by King Henry III in 1231, Cambridge is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world. The university grew out of an association of scholars who left the University of Oxford after a dispute with the townspeople, the two ancient universities share many common features and are often referred to jointly as Oxbridge. Cambridge is formed from a variety of institutions which include 31 constituent colleges, Cambridge University Press, a department of the university, is the worlds oldest publishing house and the second-largest university press in the world. The university operates eight cultural and scientific museums, including the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridges libraries hold a total of around 15 million books, eight million of which are in Cambridge University Library, a legal deposit library.
In the year ended 31 July 2015, the university had an income of £1.64 billion. The central university and colleges have an endowment of around £5.89 billion. The university is linked with the development of the high-tech business cluster known as Silicon Fen. It is a member of associations and forms part of the golden triangle of leading English universities and Cambridge University Health Partners. As of 2017, Cambridge is ranked the fourth best university by three ranking tables and no other institution in the world ranks in the top 10 for as many subjects. Cambridge is consistently ranked as the top university in the United Kingdom, the university has educated many notable alumni, including eminent mathematicians, politicians, philosophers, writers and foreign Heads of State. Ninety-five Nobel laureates, fifteen British prime ministers and ten Fields medalists have been affiliated with Cambridge as students, faculty, by the late 12th century, the Cambridge region already had a scholarly and ecclesiastical reputation, due to monks from the nearby bishopric church of Ely.
The University of Oxford went into suspension in protest, and most scholars moved to such as Paris, Reading. After the University of Oxford reformed several years later, enough remained in Cambridge to form the nucleus of the new university. A bull in 1233 from Pope Gregory IX gave graduates from Cambridge the right to teach everywhere in Christendom, the colleges at the University of Cambridge were originally an incidental feature of the system. No college is as old as the university itself, the colleges were endowed fellowships of scholars. There were institutions without endowments, called hostels, the hostels were gradually absorbed by the colleges over the centuries, but they have left some indicators of their time, such as the name of Garret Hostel Lane. Hugh Balsham, Bishop of Ely, founded Peterhouse, Cambridges first college, the most recently established college is Robinson, built in the late 1970s
Hughes Hall, Cambridge
Hughes Hall is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England. It is the oldest of the four Cambridge colleges which admit only mature students, since it has enlarged and expanded to support a community of students and researchers, both male and female, working in all the academic domains encompassed by the University of Cambridge. In 1878 the University of Cambridge established a Teachers Training Syndicate to develop a curriculum in education for students of the University intending to become teachers. Hughes Hall was established in 1885 as a college for graduate students taking the Teacher Training curriculum. Key amongst its supporters and founders were Rev. G. F. The college was founded as the Cambridge Training College for Women. The first principal was a graduate of Newnham College, Elizabeth Phillips Hughes, one of the first matriculants, Molly Thomas, recounted the experience of the first class of students in A London Girl of the 1880s, published under her married name, M. V.
Hughes. The college became a foundation of the University in 1985. Student numbers gradually increased in the 1980s and 1990s, Hughes Hall has about 500 graduate students and around 90 undergraduates, all students are mature, and the college accommodates study in the wide range of studies taught in the University. The college is one of the most international Cambridge colleges, with its students representing over 60 nationalities, the colleges main building, known as the Wileman Building, was designed by architect William Fawcett and built in 1895. It was opened by Liberal politician George Robinson, the first Marquess of Ripon, the building is Grade II listed, red brick in Neo-Dutch style, and has an especially notable terracotta porch. The building, and its various more modern wings, contains student rooms, the library, social areas and study spaces. Next door to the Wileman Building is Wollaston Lodge, a fine symmetrical early-20th century building in brick, designed by E. S. Prior. In 2005 Hughes opened a new residential and meeting building, the Fenners Building and it is possible to see the spire of the Our Lady and the English Martyrs Church – the tallest church spire in Cambridge - from the buildings west-facing windows and terraces.
The college owns a number of houses in the area which provide additional student accommodation. The main college site is near the middle of Cambridge, halfway between Cambridge railway station and the Market Square, the college is located in the Petersfield area of the city, close to Mill Road and accessible from Mortimer Road. Hughes Hall is the nearest of the Universitys colleges to Cambridge railway station, the most direct access route from the college into the center of Cambridge for cyclists and pedestrians is across Parkers Piece, an open park where the rules of football were first codified. Students and fellows of the College take part in research and study across the spectrum of the University of Cambridges fields of activity
Westminster College, Cambridge
Westminster College in Cambridge is a theological college of the United Reformed Church, formerly the Presbyterian Church of England. Its principal purpose is training for the ordination of ministers, but is used more widely for training within the denomination. The college was founded in London in 1844 with a home in the Exeter Hall before moving to permanent premises in Queens Square. Following an appeal for funds from the wider Presbyterian congregation, the college commissioned a new building designed by Henry Hare and built between 1897–1899. In 1967 the college began to amalgamate with Cheshunt College, presaging the union of the Congregational, D. Davies, known for his work on Paul and his Jewish background. Agnes Smith Lewis and Margaret Dunlop Gibson were noted for their study of one of the earliest versions of the Old Gospels in Syriac Sinaiticus discovered in the monastery Saint Catherines Monastery. The sisters found the manuscripts in the market of Cairo. It was sold in 2010 to the Green Collection and they edited many other important manuscripts in Syriac and Arabic.
In 1897 Lewis and Gibson found and purchased some fragments of parchment of the Cairo Genizah whilst travelling in the Middle East. With the support of Solomon Schechter they made more trips to the Middle East. Schechter identified the fragments as forming part of the Hebrew Wisdom of Sirach, the Cairo Genizah collection was put up for sale by Westminster College for £1. This is the first time the two libraries have collaborated for such a fundraising effort, the money was used by Westminster College to help finance a £7 million refurbishment of the College in 2013-2014. In concentrating on studies for training clergy, the college is in some ways closer to the original conception of the main university colleges when they were founded. Currently, Westminster has connected with it around 50 students, some in training for ministry in the United Reformed Church, most students have studied for four years, which includes an internship year working in a local church. However, the College now trains many students part-time and via distance learning, most students still work, either for a BA or MA degree or a BTh or BA/Tripos degree.
Official website Cambridge Theological Federation website
St Edmund's College, Cambridge
St Edmunds College is one of the 31 constituent colleges of the University of Cambridge. Over three-quarters of St Edmunds students are studying towards higher degrees, usually the PhD, the college is named after St Edmund of Abingdon who was the first known Oxford Master of Arts and the Archbishop of Canterbury from 1234 to 1240. The college is located about 15 minutes walk northwest of the centre of Cambridge, near Lucy Cavendish and its campus is a garden setting on the edge of Roman Cambridge, with housing for over 250 students. After Catholic Emancipation, in particular after the repeal of Test Acts in 1873, in its early days the college functioned predominantly as a lodging house, or residential hall of residence, for students who were matriculated at other colleges. Most of the students, at time, were ordained Catholic priests who were reading various subjects offered by the university. The college was established in the buildings of Ayerst Hostel, which had set up for non-collegiate students by the Reverend William Ayerst in 1884.
In 1896 Ayerst Hostel had to due to lack of funds. These occasions often involved large numbers of MAs congregating in Cambridge to scupper any attempt to uphold what they believed was a papist institution. One of the jokes, referring to an unsuccessful attempt by St Edmunds to get official recognition from the university, ran as follows. One of them asks, Where are you going, answers the other, Im going to bury St Edmunds. Meanwhile, the development of the college continued, the chapel was consecrated in 1916. A new dining hall was constructed in 1939, the membership of the college increased steadily. The college was now a recognized House of Residence of the university, in the 1960s the university decided to establish several colleges catering primarily to postgraduate students. St Edmunds House was accepted as one of the colleges in the university, although today it admits mature. In 1965 the college was permitted to matriculate its own students, in 1975 it acquired the status of an Approved Foundation, in 1986 the name was changed from St Edmunds House to St Edmunds College and in 1996 it finally received full collegiate status.
The college was granted its Royal Charter in 1998, in 2000 a new block of residential buildings housing 50 students was opened, named after Richard Laws, one of the former masters. St Edmunds is among the most international colleges of the university, the full spectrum of academic subjects is represented in the college. The fellowship of the college represents many academic disciplines, spread across arts, social sciences, natural sciences, the Von Hügel Institute is another link with the Roman Catholic origins of the college
Westcott House, Cambridge
Westcott House is a Church of England theological college based in Jesus Lane in the centre of the university city of Cambridge in the United Kingdom. Its main activity is training people for ordained ministry in the Church of England, Westcott House is a founder member of the Cambridge Theological Federation. The college is considered by many to be catholic or Liberal Catholic in its tradition. Westcott House began its life in 1881 as the Cambridge Clergy Training School, brooke Foss Westcott, the Regius Professor of Divinity at the University of Cambridge was its first president. He became the Bishop of Durham, Westcott was exercised by the way in which the Church of England was increasingly dominated by parties and factions. Westcott himself eschewed any party affiliation and this is the spirit which Westcott House seeks to honour today, drawing students from all backgrounds to prepare them for ministry in this historic centre of Christian learning. In response to the Faith in the City report, published in 1985, through its partnership with the Diocese of Manchester, the College has pioneered patterns of context-based learning and innovative approaches to contextual theology for over twenty years.
These approaches have been imitated and developed by other theological education institutions. In recent years, the College has developed a programme for continuing development through the Westcott Foundation. The College provides training pathways in conjunction with the University of Cambridge and it describes itself as the home of a diverse and international community of people who share a vision of ministry to all society. Drawing on the inspiration of B. F. Westcott and others, its ethos is expressed in a Rule of Life, the head of Westcott House is known as the principal. All the principals of the Clergy Training School and of Westcott House have thus far been ordained Anglican priests