Alia is a comune in the Metropolitan City of Palermo, on the Italian island of Sicily
Capaci is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Palermo in Sicily, Italy. In 2011 the comune had a population of 11,045; the A29 autostrada running from Palermo to Punta Raisi Airport, to the west and south-west of the island, passes through the commune. In May 1992 this road was the scene of the assassination of anti-Mafia judge Giovanni Falcone and those with him, in an explosion known as the Capaci massacre; the site of the explosion is marked now by a memorial to those who died
Contessa Entellina is a small comune in the Metropolitan City of Palermo, in Sicily, southern Italy. Is located in the "Valle del Belìce" at 571 metres above sea level in the mountains called Brinjat, is situated 80 km from Palermo; the country, along with Piana degli Albanesi and Santa Cristina Gela, is among the three ethnic communities of Arbëreshë of Sicily, who still speak Albanian preserve the Orthodox rite, the Albanian costumes and gastronomic traditions of the ancient Albania. The foundation is attributed to about 1450 on the ruins of a remote farmhouse seniority, the "Comitissa", but the chapter officers, the granting of fiefs, were built in 1520, when he start the rebuilding and restocking of Albanians from Albania and subsequently by the southern Morea, from Albanian communities where they lived from 1300. In ancient times it was near them the ancient Elymian city of Entella, in fact, with the discovery of archaeological ancient site, to give relief to the old site, you would add the name of the country the term Entella.
Today Contessa Entellina keeps the Albanian language, the culture of their ancestors, holds the Byzantine-Greek rite. From earthquake of Belice to date have followed many migrations, halving the population and depopulating the city center, the Albanian language is taught to fewer and fewer young people, so the community is lost and stolen the identities. Nicola Chetta, Byzantine-Greek rite priest, ethnographic and poet. Antonino Cuccia, popular poet whose work represent an important testimony of the Arbëreshë language spoken in Contessa Entellina. Vaccaro brothers Lorenzo Tardo, Basilian priest and scholar of Byzantine music. Vincenzo Scramuzza, historian. Leonardo Lala and expert of Arbëreshë language and folk traditions. Matteo Sciambra, Byzantine rite priest, university professor and writer, whose work focuses on the study of the Arbëreshë language and on the preservation of the Byzantine liturgical heritage of the Arbëreshë communities in Sicily. Bino, pop singer Albania Byzantine Rite Eparchy of Piana degli Albanesi George Kastrioti Skanderbeg Official website
Italy the Italian Republic, is a country in Southern Europe. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Austria and the enclaved microstates San Marino and Vatican City. Italy covers an area of 301,340 km2 and has a temperate seasonal and Mediterranean climate. With around 61 million inhabitants, it is the fourth-most populous EU member state and the most populous country in Southern Europe. Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has been home to a myriad of peoples and cultures. In addition to the various ancient peoples dispersed throughout modern-day Italy, the most famous of which being the Indo-European Italics who gave the peninsula its name, beginning from the classical era and Carthaginians founded colonies in insular Italy and Genoa, Greeks established settlements in the so-called Magna Graecia, while Etruscans and Celts inhabited central and northern Italy respectively; the Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which became a republic with a government of the Senate and the People.
The Roman Republic conquered and assimilated its neighbours on the peninsula, in some cases through the establishment of federations, the Republic expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant power in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural and religious centre of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a period of more than 200 years during which Italy's technology, economy and literature flourished. Italy remained the metropole of the Roman Empire; the legacy of the Roman Empire endured its fall and can be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments and the Latin script. During the Early Middle Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous rival city-states and maritime republics in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to great prosperity through shipping and banking, laying the groundwork for modern capitalism.
These independent statelets served as Europe's main trading hubs with Asia and the Near East enjoying a greater degree of democracy than the larger feudal monarchies that were consolidating throughout Europe. The Renaissance began in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe, bringing a renewed interest in humanism, science and art. Italian culture flourished, producing famous scholars and polymaths such as Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael and Machiavelli. During the Middle Ages, Italian explorers such as Marco Polo, Christopher Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci, John Cabot and Giovanni da Verrazzano discovered new routes to the Far East and the New World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Italy's commercial and political power waned with the opening of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting between the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, it was subsequently conquered and further divided by European powers such as France and Austria.
By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign control led to a period of revolutionary political upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and political division, Italy was entirely unified in 1871, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a great power. From the late 19th century to the early 20th century, Italy industrialised, namely in the north, acquired a colonial empire, while the south remained impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite being one of the main victors in World War I, Italy entered a period of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist dictatorship in 1922. Participation in World War II on the Axis side ended in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. Following the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, reinstated democracy, enjoyed a prolonged economic boom and, despite periods of sociopolitical turmoil became a developed country.
Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world's most culturally and economically advanced countries, with the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth. Its advanced economy ranks eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy owns the third-largest central bank gold reserve, it has a high level of human development, it stands among the top countries for life expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military and diplomatic affairs. Italy is a founding and leading member of the European Union and a member of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen Area and many more; as a reflection
Metropolitan City of Palermo
The Metropolitan City of Palermo is a metropolitan city in Sicily, Italy. Its capital is the city of Palermo, it comprises the city of Palermo and other 82 municipalities. It was first created by the reform of local authorities and established by regional law on 15 August 2015.. The Metropolitan City faces the Tyrrhenian Sea on the north, it while on the west it is bordered by the province of Trapani, on the south by the province of Agrigento and by that of Caltanissetta, to the east by the Metropolitan City of Messina and the province of Enna; the island of Ustica is included in the metropolitan territory. The Metropolitan City includes 82 comuni: The Metropolitan City is served by three motorways, two of which start in Palermo: A19 to Catania and Termini Imerese. Railroads include the Palermo-Catania. There are two airports: Palermo Punta Raisi. Metropolitan City of Palermo official website
Caccamo is a town and comune located on the Tyrrhenian coast of Sicily in the Metropolitan City of Palermo. The official founding of Caccamo was not until 1093, when the Normans started to build the castle on a rocky spur overlooking a cliff, Castello di Caccamo; the castle itself is now being converted into a museum. On the ground level of the castle is a restaurant "A Castellana". Submerged within the Rosamarina lake is a stone bridge built in 1307 on the road that once linked the town with Palermo; the city contains an attractive 11th-century cathedral, remodeled in 1477 and 1614. On the side of the cathedral are two churches; the Chiesa dell'Anime del Purgatorio features some stucco work in the eastern end and an 18th-century organ. In the downstairs are catacombs where the skeletons of a number of townspeople lie in niches along the wall, a burial practice that lasted from the 17th century up to 1863. Since the 1950s the town itself has lost half of its inhabitants to emigration. Caccamo holds some great views of the surrounding countryside, including the Rosmarina artificial lake, created by a controversial dam built in 1993.
Caccamo page on netgalaxy.it Caccamo page on sicilyweb.com Database of Caccamo families City of Caccamo web site Reference Caccamo on See Palermo Sito Fotografico Caccamo Photos of Caccamo
Borgetto is a small mountain Italian town of the Metropolitan City of Palermo in Sicily. As of 2012 Borgetto had an estimated population of 7,394; the town overlooks the northern coastline of Sicily. The origins of Borgetto are disputed; the two accepted theories are that Borgetto was set up as vantage point over the Mediterranean Sea by Arab invaders. Thus, comes the root of Borgetto, which translates to tower in Arabic. Borgetto is the combination of - etto; the other theory is that Borgetto was set up by the Greeks as Greek ruins are commonplace throughout Sicily. This theory, however, is based on theory as opposed to fact