Angle Park, South Australia
Angle Park is a north-western suburb of Adelaide 10 km from the CBD, in the state of South Australia and falls under the City of Port Adelaide Enfield. It is adjacent to Wingfield, Mansfield Park, Ferryden Park, Regency Park; the post code for Angle Park is 5010. It is bounded to the north by Grand Junction Road, west by Trafford Street, to the east by Days Road and the North-South Motorway. Angle Park was original a subdivision of sections 402 of the Hundred of Yatala, it was divided into 16 4-acre allotments by Henry Cowan in the 1920s. Prior to the Second World War, Angle Park consisted of pastures and open land, its development as a residential area coincided with the post-war boom in the 1950s. The suburb was named in 1950 by the South Australian Housing Trust, after Angle Road, which traversed the suburb at a 45 degree angle north west from South Road, near Kateena Street, to the north west corner of the suburb. Only a short segment of the road now exists, but the dividing line between section 403 and 404 of the Hundred of Yatala defines the location of the historic road.
In 1957 the SA Housing Trust purchased a large amount of land in the area to construct public housing. In 1960, the Angle Park Boys Technical High School was constructed on Cowan Street, followed by the Angle Park Girls Technical High School the following year, they operated separately until 1977. The complex was expanded in 1979 to become the Parks Community Centre in 1979, which included a council library, with the high school becoming known as the Parks High School. In the 1990s, plans were made for the Westwood Urban Renewal project, of which Ferryden Park, Mansfield Park, Woodville Gardens, Athol Park are a part; this involved the demolition of many of the Housing Trust homes, to be replaced by either private housing, or a lesser number of newer, townhouse-style Housing Trust homes. The building began in 2001, in 2004 and 2005 began to affect Angle Park. There were three primary schools in the area, being the public Mansfield Park Primary School, established in 1969,closed in 2010, the Catholic St Patrick's School, both of which are in the adjacent Mansfield Park, the Ferryden Park Primary School which closed in 2010 and was replaced with a new R-7 superschool which opened at Woodville Gardens at the start of 2011.
There is a small shopping complex at the corner of Trafford and Wilson Streets, the Parks Community Centre, provides a library, health centre and fitness centre, swimming complex, council office, a few other community services. The Greyhound Park racing facility exists on the eastern side of the suburb, it is the site of a fire brigade unit and an ETSA Utilities manufacturing plant where Stobie poles are assembled, it was the site of the Parks High School, closed at the end of 1996, due to declining enrolments. The local public zone high school is Woodville High school, in Woodville, South Australia. However, a large number of the families in the area choose to send their children to other private schools in the city centre, one of the causes of the closure of the Parks High School in 1996 and the nearby Croydon High school in 2006. Trafford Street is served by the 251 and 252 bus services, while the 239 & 250 serves Days and Grand Junction Road; the 361 serves Grand Junction Road. Angle Park is home to a large immigrant population.
The initial settlement of the suburb coincided with a large wave of immigrants from Eastern Europe arriving in Australia, following the Second World War. Although most of their children have moved on, a large number of immigrant retirees still live in the area. Another wave of immigration occurred in the 1980s, when Vietnamese immigrants arrived after the Vietnam War. More than 50% of the population is from a non-English speaking background. Angle Park is located within the federal seat of Port Adelaide, it is the most pro-Australian Labor Party area in South Australia, recording the highest two-party-preferred vote in the state for the ALP at the Mansfield Park Primary School booth at the 1998, 2001 and 2004 federal elections, garnering more than 80% on each occasion. Lewis, H. J. Enfield and the northern villages, Corporation of the City of Enfield, 1985
Gilles Plains, South Australia
Gilles Plains is a suburb of the greater Adelaide, South Australia area 15 km north of the Adelaide business district. It is named after the first Colonial Treasurer Osmond Gilles who owned a sheep station adjoining the Torrens River. Gilles Plains was predominantly a hay growing area of Adelaide through its early years. In 1874, it had the largest hay farm in South Australia owned by J. A. W. Sudholz. Gilles Plains is in both the City of Port Adelaide Enfield and City of Tea Tree Gully local government areas, is in both the South Australian House of Assembly electoral districts of Florey and Torrens, it is in the Australian House of Representatives Division of Sturt. Pinnacle College is on Wandana Avenue. St Pauls College is on Grand Junction Road. Wandana Primary School is on Cowra Avenue
Holden Hill, South Australia
Holden Hill is a suburb in the inner north-eastern suburbs of Adelaide, the capital of South Australia. It is around 10 km from the Adelaide CBD. Holden Hill is in both the City of Port Adelaide Enfield and City of Tea Tree Gully local government areas, is in both the South Australian House of Assembly electoral districts of Florey and Torrens, it is in the Australian House of Representatives Division of Sturt. The suburb is named after "Holden's Hill", a name given to a road extension in 1855; the road ran through land owned by Mr R. Halden, an avid fan of Holden vehicles after 1935. Holden Hill is close to Tea Tree Plaza shopping centre mall, it is close to Gilles Plains shopping centre. Kildare College is located within Holden Hill, it is a single sex private school specialising in education of girls from primary school to high school; the Linear Park bike path is close to Holden Hill and is accessible by locals. It forms a path to Adelaide City along the Torrens Catchment. Local cinemas are located at Hoyts Cinema.
It is near the Valley View Golf Course. Former bike frame manufacturer, had a factory in Holden Hill
Klemzig, South Australia
Klemzig is a suburb of Adelaide in the City of Port Adelaide Enfield. It was the first settlement of German immigrants in Australia and was named after the village of Klemzig, near Züllichau in southeastern Brandenburg in the German state of Prussia, where they originated from; that Klemzig is now known by the Polish name Klępsk. The initial establishment of Klemzig as an Old Lutheran settlement in the South Australian Colony is attributed to a decision by Pastor August Ludwig Christian Kavel. Pastor Kavel was determined to help his loyal parishioners emigrate from Brandenburg and Silesia to escape religious persecution by King Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia. Pastor Kavel planned to move his parishioners to Russia near the Black Sea, where there were numerous German settlements, but that had proved not to be feasible. Early in 1836, Kavel travelled to Hamburg to investigate possible emigration to America, but lack of available financial assistance caused this plan to collapse. While in Hamburg, Kavel heard of the wealthy philanthropist, George Fife Angas, Chairman of the South Australian Company and to assist the Old Lutherans with their migration plans.
Kavel and a representative of his congregation travelled to London in March 1836 and met a sympathetic George Fife Angas. Angas was a Baptist and was convinced that the Old Lutherans, who placed such high value on their religious beliefs, would make excellent settlers in the South Australian Colony. Angas persuaded the Directors of the South Australian Company to support him in chartering and fitting out the barque Sarah, to proceed to Hamburg. Here, 370 Old Lutherans were to set sail for South Australia on 8 June 1836. However, Prussian authorities refused to grant the necessary passports until after a distressing delay of nearly two years, the Prussian Government relented. Over the next six years, many ships brought Kavel's Old Lutheran parishioners to the South Australian Colony; some of the emigrant ships included: The barque Bengalee departed Hamburg on 16 July 1838 and after a seven-day stop off at Kingscote arrived in Port Adelaide on 16 November 1838. On board were 33 passengers; the passenger ship The Prince George departed Hamburg on 13 July 1838 and arrived in Port Adelaide on 18 November 1838.
On board were 207 passengers including Pastor Kavel. The passenger ship Zebra departed Altona on 28 August 1838 and arrived in Port Adelaide on 27 December 1838. On board were 191 passengers. A listing of the ship's cargo log reveals that on board were 40,924 bricks for the establishment of new dwellings; the barque Cathrina departed Hamburg on 15 September 1838 and arrived in Port Adelaide on 20 January 1839. On board were 122 passengers; the passenger ship Skjold departed Altona on 3 July 1841 and arrived in Port Adelaide on 27 October 1841. On board were 241 passengers. Official records show; the passenger ship Taglione departed London on 20 June 1842 and arrived in Port Adelaide on 13 October 1842. An unknown number of passengers were on board; the passenger ship George Washington departed Hamburg on 23 May 1844 and arrived in Port Adelaide on 12 September 1844. On board were 184 passengers; the schooner Joseph Albino departed London on 4 July 1845 and arrived in Port Adelaide on 8 December 1845.
On board were 7 passengers. In March 1837 Colonel William Light completed surveying Kangaroo Island, Encounter Bay, Port Lincoln and the Adelaide Plains. Light chose the Adelaide Plains as the most suitable location for the capital; the first groups of Old Lutheran emigrants arrived in Port Misery between October 1838 and January 1839. With the assistance of George Fife Angas, many attempted to integrate into the local community by becoming tradespeople and labourers. Due to the scarcity of work, the lack of English as their preferred language, the prejudice from the established British farmers, many Old Lutherans found settlement hard. In 1838, Klemzig was founded by these emigrants after George Fife Angas offered a section of land bordering the Torrens River, a few kilometres to the north-east of Adelaide. Due to anti-German sentiment during World War I, the name of Klemzig was changed, as were many other German place names in Australia at the time. In 1917 Klemzig was renamed Gaza, commemorating the British victory in the Third Battle of Gaza, in which Australian troops had a major role.
Klemzig was re-instated as the suburb name with the enactment of the South Australia Nomenclature Act of 1935 on 12 December 1935, but remnants of the name Gaza still exist with the local football club still bearing the name. During World War II the residents of Klemzig petitioned the Government of South Australia on a number of occasions to have the name Gaza re-instated but these requests were denied. Klemzig is serviced by several bus routes including 271 and 273 along North East Road and 281 on McLauchlan Road, includes a station of the O-Bahn Busway. Torrens Linear Park borders the O-Bahn and River Torrens to the south of the suburb and there is easy access to the CBD as well as neighbouring suburbs. List of Adelaide suburbs
Hundred of Yatala
The Hundred of Yatala is a cadastral unit of hundred in South Australia covering much of the Adelaide metropolitan area north of the River Torrens. It is one of the eleven hundreds of the County of Adelaide stretching from the Torrens in the south to the Little Para River in the north, it is bisected from east to west by Dry Creek. It was named in 1846 by Governor Frederick Robe, Yatala being derived from'yartala', an indigenous word referring to the flooded state of the plain either side of Dry Creek after heavy rain. Contemporary Australian linguists believe the name'Yatala' is derived from'yartala', a Kaurna word which means "water running by the side of a river" or "inundation" or "cascade" or similar. South Australian historian Geoff Manning has implied that this refers to the swampy morass that occurred when heavy rain inundated the usually-dry plain either side of Dry Creek; the descriptive term'yartala' is thought to have been "co-opted by the colonists in their endeavours to name things including a government schooner," the Yatala, in 1865.
According to Rob Amery,'Yatala' had been used as a place name by white settlers of the Adelaide Plains since 1836, referring to the River Torrens and to the land north of the Torrens, stretching from the coast at Port Adelaide to the foothills at Tea Tree Gully. Yatala was thus a natural choice for the land administration division in 1846; the Adelaide City council was established in 1842, bringing local government to North Adelaide and the north parklands on the south edge of the hundred. The District Council of Hindmarsh was established in June 1853 and encompassed all the land south west of modern Torrens Road and south of the future portside councils of Queenstown and Alberton and Glanville; the District Council of Yatala was established days and occupied a large central portion of the hundred as well as eastern parts of the Hundred of Port Adelaide. It extended from modern Torrens Road and the North Arm of Barker Inlet in the west to the west border of the modern Tea Tree Gully council in the east.
Shortly thereafter, in July of the same year, the District Council of Highercombe was established in the east of the hundred, bringing the whole hundred under local governance. As various parts of the original District Council of Yatala were separated — parts north of Dry Creek for Salisbury council and parts in the south for Walkerville and Prospect councils — the original name of'Yatala' was obscured and lost when the last remaining namesake, Yatala South council was renamed in 1935 to Enfield; the following local government areas of South Australia are situated inside the bounds of the hundred as of 2017: City of Salisbury City of Tea Tree Gully City of Port Adelaide Enfield City of Charles Sturt City of Prospect City of Adelaide Town of WalkervilleParts of the Adelaide Hills Council area and the City of Playford overlap the far eastern portion of the hundred. Lands administrative divisions of South Australia
Mansfield Park, South Australia
Mansfield Park is a north-western suburb of Adelaide 10 km from the CBD, in the state of South Australia and falls under the City of Port Adelaide Enfield. It is adjacent to Wingfield, Angle Park, Woodville Gardens, Athol Park; the postcode for Mansfield Park is 5012. It is bounded to the north by Grand Junction Road, to the west by Hanson Road, it is named after the Mansfield in Scotland. Prior to the Second World War, Mansfield Park consisted of pastures and open land, its development as a residential area coincided with the post-war boom in the 1950s. It is home to a large number of houses owned by the former South Australian Housing Trust. In 1965, a council library was opened in Hamley Crescent, but it was relocated in 1978 to the newly established Parks Community Centre in 1978. In the 1990s, plans were made for the Westwood Urban Renewal project, of which Ferryden Park, Angle Park, Woodville Gardens, Athol Park are a part; this involved the demolition of many of the Housing Trust homes, which were to be replaced by either private housing, or a lesser number of townhouse-style new housing trust homes.
The building began in 2001 but, as September 2012 most work has occurred in Mansfield Park to replace trusted houses with new ones. There are still 100+ houses / lands being constructed/developed. In 2009, The Westwood Consortium began releasing stage three of its urban renewal project; the project centres around the large public nature strip between Gateshead Street and Ely Street, which the latest stage gives its namesake to, "Central Park". This is the final stage of the Westwood Urban Renewal project, the largest of its kind in Australia, it involves the demolition of most of the South Australian Housing Trust units, in its place new medium-density housing. There is one primary school in the area, it has around 300-400 students. There is a small shopping complex at the corner of Trafford and Wilson Streets, the Parks Community Centre, adjacent in Angle Park, provides a health centre and fitness centre, swimming complex, council office, a few other community services, it was the site of the Parks High School, closed at the end of 1996 due to declining enrolments.
The local zone high school is Woodville High School, in Woodville. However, a large number of the families in the area choose to send their children to other schools in the city centre, one of the causes of the closure of the Parks High School. A drive-in cinema between Short Street and Grand Junction Road was closed in the 1980s, replaced with a retirement village. There was a Salvation Army church on Trafford Street, which has closed and was bought by an outlawed motorcycle club, subsequently fortified. Hanson Road is served by the 253 and 254 and the 253X and 254X express bus services with N254 Night Services for Saturday. Medika Boulevard and Trafford Streets are served by the 251 and 252 services, while the 250 and 361 serve Grand Junction Road. Mansfield Park is home to a large immigrant population; the initial settlement of the suburb coincided with a large wave of immigrants from Eastern Europe arriving in Australia, following the Second World War. Although most of their children have moved on, a large number of immigrant retirees still live in the area.
This is reflected in the decline of students attending local primary schools, with 702 students attending Mansfield Park Primary School at its peak in 1966. Another wave of immigration occurred in the 1980s, when Vietnamese immigrants arrived after the Vietnam War. September 2012, more than 50% of the population is from a non-English speaking background. Mansfield Park is located within the federal seat of Adelaide, it is the most pro-Australian Labor Party area in South Australia, recording the highest two-party-preferred vote in the state for the ALP at the Mansfield Park Primary School booth at the 1998, 2001 and 2004 federal elections, garnering more than 80% on each occasion. Lewis, H. J. Enfield and the northern villages, Corporation of the City of Enfield, 1985
Dudley Park, South Australia
Dudley Park, is a suburb of Adelaide, South Australia, located 3 kilometres north-west of the CBD. The suburb is bordered by Regency Road, Simpson Avenue, the Adelaide-Gawler railway line, a line directly north-south from the Harrison Road-Simpson Avenue intersection to Regency Road; the Dudley Park Cemetery is located within the suburb at the corner of Simpson Avenue and Exeter Terrace. Two railway stations border the suburb, Islington railway station and Dudley Park railway station. By the turn of the twentieth century, the Dudley Park area was known as Islington, a name preserved in the present-day Islington railway station and used for the Islington sewage farm from 1881 until 1966. In October 1909, the Dudley Park subdivision was created and named after William Humble Ward, 2nd Earl of Dudley, the Governor-General of Australia from 1908 to 1911 and had visited South Australia earlier that year. In 1940, a new factory was established by Becker Pty. Ltd. to manufacture caffeine and other drugs on a 40 acres site on Pym Street in Dudley Park.
This had become necessary as the major global source for caffeine had been Holland, occupied by Germany early in World War II. The primary feedstock for caffeine production was cocoa waste imported from other states of Australia; as the factory was being established, the state government assisted with a new road and railway crossing, extending the metropolitan sewerage to the area. An explosion at the chemical works in 1942 resulted in the death of two workers; the most well-known product of this factory would have been Bex Powders. The facade of the factory and administration building have local heritage protection. Dudley Park is located within the local government area of the Port Adelaide Enfield, the state Electoral District of Croydon and the federal Division of Adelaide