Freddy Excelino González Martínez known as Fredy González, is a Colombian road racing cyclist. He is a two-time winner of the Mountains classification in the Giro d'Italia, his victories came in the 2003 races. He came close to winning in 2000, when he finished second to Francesco Casagrande. González has a total of 34 career victories. Profile at Cyclingnews.com
Somluck Kamsing or Somrak Kamsing is a Thai Muay Thai kickboxer and Olympic gold medal-winning amateur boxer. During the 1998 Asian Games in Bangkok, Kamsing lit the torch during the Games' opening ceremony. Kamsing was born in Khon Kaen, his older brother Somrot Kamsing competed at the highest level as an amateur boxer. At the 1996 Summer Olympics he won a gold medal in the men's Featherweight category, beating Ramaz Paliani and Serafim Todorov among others, becoming the first Thai athlete to win a gold medal at the Olympics, he competed at the 2000 and 2004 Summer Olympics without winning any medals. Kamsing placed second at the 1st AIBA Asian 2004 Olympic Qualifying Tournament in China. In the final, he lost to North Korea's Kim Song-Guk; as a result of this however, he qualified for the Athens Games. 1992 Defeated Michael Strange 11-9 Lost to Faustino Reyes 15-241996 Defeated Luis Seda 13-2 Defeated Phillip Ndou 12-7 Defeated Ramaz Paliani 13-4 Defeated Julio Pablo Chacón 20-8 Defeated Serafim Todorov 8-52000 Defeated Andres Ledesma RSC 4 Defeated Tulkunbay Turgunov 7-2 Lost to Rocky Juarez RSC 42004 Lost to Benoit Gaudet 17-32 1998 Defeated Lim Jae-Hwan Defeated Jamgan Narantsogt 20-3 Defeated Norihisa Tomimoto 16-2 Defeated Tulkunbay Turgunov 8-3 At age 7, Somluck began training and fighting in Muay Thai.
At 11, he moved to Bangkok to fight in the bigger stadiums. Prior to switching to amateur boxing he was viewed as one of the best fighters in the sport, he didn't compete competitively in Thailand after making the switch, but he did take up the occasional fight against foreign fighters. In 2012 he made a return to the major boxing stadiums, not as a serious fighter, but to fight other semi-retired legends in hopes of attracting people to the sport, he beat fellow legend Jomhod Kiatadisak on October 4, 2012 at Rajadamnern Stadium in a fight with the largest side bet in Muay Thai, 5.27 million baht on the line. They fought again in December 2012 on the Lumpinee stadium birthday show; this time Jomhod Kiatadisak won by points. They fought third match with a 6 million baht side bet on February 7, 2013 and Somluck won again by decision. However, he lost to American Nak Muay Chike Lindsay by unanimous decision in a modified Thai boxing Push Kick: World Stand Off in Pomona, California, on March 2, 2013.
Somluck fought to a draw with another legend, Yodwanpadet Sor Junlasen under special rules, at Rajadamnern Stadium on 2 April 2015. Somluck was only allowed to punch, he has played athletic roles in Thai movies, notably Kerd ma lui. He appeared in Fearless with Jet Li, although his scene was cut from the international release of the film. However, a special version was shown in cinemas in Thailand in March 2006, in which his scene was restored, he portrayed a boxer. He made his debut as a singer in 2006, performing at the Pattaya Music Festival and releasing an album and a music video. Somrak Khamsing on IMDb Somluck Kamsing at Olympics at Sports-Reference.com
Colombia at the Olympics
Colombia first participated at the Olympic Games in 1932, has sent athletes to compete in all but one edition of the Summer Olympic Games since missing only the 1952 Games. Colombian athletes have won a total of 28 Olympic medals in eight different sports, with weightlifting and cycling as the most successful ones. Colombia is the third most successful South American country at the Olympic Games, after Brazil and Argentina respectively; the Colombian Olympic Committee was created in 1936 and recognised by the International Olympic Committee in 1948. A Colombian delegation attended the Olympic Games for the first time in the 1932 Summer Games in Los Angeles, with only one athlete: Jorge Perry. Perry sent a letter to the International Olympic Committee in January 1932 in which he introduces himself; the following month, Perry received an answer from the IOC. Fearful of being rejected, he opened the letter, but for him his request not only was accepted, but help was offered for him before and during competition.
On July 30 1932, he paraded in the opening ceremony representing a country not affiliated to the IOC back then. He competed in the marathon, but after ten kilometers was unable to finish and the race was won by Argentina's Juan Carlos Zabala. Fourteen years in 1946, Colombia's first olympian dies in Bogotá, 4 days after suffering a motorcycle accident near his native Samacá. For the 1936 edition of the Games, the Comité Olímpico Colombiano was created and sent five athletes to compete in Berlin. After the controversial decision to replay a football match between Peru and Austria, the Colombian delegation left the olympic village as a sign of support to the Peruvian team. After the conclusion of World War II, the 1948 London Olympics were held and the Colombian contingent for the first time included athletes from other sports different to track and field, taking part in fencing and swimming. Due to financing problems and a ongoing violent period, Colombia did not take part in the 1952 Helsinki Olympics.
For the Melbourne Games in 1956, the Colombian team expanded from a few competitors to 26 athletes, sending cyclists and weightlifters for the first time. Colombian athletes continued participating at the Olympics since without missing a Summer edition of the Games, sending females athletes to compete for the first time at the 1968 Summer Olympics held in Mexico City. Colombia won their first olympic medals at the Munich Olympics in 1972, forty years after making its debut in the games; the first one was a silver medal won by shooter Helmut Bellingrodt in the 50 metre running target event, both Clemente Rojas and Alfonso Pérez won each one a bronze medal in boxing at those games too, bringing the medal tally for the Colombian delegation to a total of three medals. Despite being a US historical ally, Colombia did not support the US-Led boycott of the 1980 Moscow Olympics and attended the Games; the President of Colombia Julio Turbay supported the boycott, but the president of Comité Olímpico Colombiano Fidel Mendoza did not abide the president's order and gave green light to 23 Colombian athletes to compete in the former soviet capital.
Competing in the 1984 Olympics in Los Angeles, shooter Helmut Bellingrodt won his second silver medal in the same event he won his first medal back in 1972, making him the first Colombian athlete to won two olympic medals. At the 1988 Olympics in Seoul, another Colombian boxer won a bronze medal: Jorge Eliécer Julio made it to the Bantamweight category semifinals and faced Bulgaria's Aleksandar Khristov. Ximena Restrepo became the first Colombian woman to win an Olympic medal, by winning a bronze medal in the women's 400 m. at the 1992 Barcelona Olympics. She found out she won a medal minutes after crossing the line, her 49.64 seconds mark still stands as the South American record for that event. The country failed to win a medal at the 1996 Centennial Olympics in Atlanta, although marathon runner Carlos Grisales ranked eleventh in the men's event, the highest position a Colombian athlete has achieved in an olympic marathon race so far; the story was different four years in Sydney 2000, as Weightlifter María Isabel Urrutia won the nation's first olympic gold medal at the 75 kg. category.
Urrutia lifted the same weight than silver and bronze medal winners Nigeria's Ruth Ogbeifo and Taiwan's Kuo Yi-hang but she won gold due her body weight being less than that of her rivals. Señal Colombia broadcast her victory and when the event ended, the narrators mistakenly believed she won bronze as they saw on screen the results of the clean and jerk phase. Seconds after, the final results were screened and they realized their error and Urrutia's accomplishment; when the Olympic Games returned to Greece in Athens 2004, the Colombian delegation collected two bronze medals through weightlifter Mabel Mosquera and cyclist María Luisa Calle, who won Colombia's first olympic medal in Cycling. Calle was stripped of her medal after failing an antidoping test for heptaminol, she assured that hours before the race, she took a anti-migraine pill which contained isometheptene, a substance which transforms into heptaminol during laboratory analyses. The bronze medal sh
Boxing at the 2000 Summer Olympics
The boxing competition at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney was held at the Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre in Darling Harbour. The event was only open to men and bouts were contested over four rounds of two minutes each. Five judges scored the fighters in real time and the boxer with the most points at the end was the winner. Like other Olympic combat sports, two bronze medals are awarded; as a result, the quarter-final equates to a bronze medal match, a semi-final to a silver medal match, the final to a gold medal match. 48 medals are therefore available. Men competed in the following twelve events: Light flyweight Flyweight Bantamweight Featherweight Lightweight Light welterweight Welterweight Light middleweight Middleweight Light heavyweight Heavyweight Super heavyweight 310 boxers from 77 nations participated in the 2000 Summer Olympics. Official Olympic Report Official Results – Boxing Results on Amateur Boxing Archived 22 June 2006 at the Wayback Machine
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about 70 km on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, the Royal National Park to the south and Macarthur to the south-west. Sydney is made up of 40 local government areas and 15 contiguous regions. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders"; as of June 2017, Sydney's estimated metropolitan population was 5,230,330 and is home to 65% of the state's population. Indigenous Australians have inhabited the Sydney area for at least 30,000 years, thousands of engravings remain throughout the region, making it one of the richest in Australia in terms of Aboriginal archaeological sites. During his first Pacific voyage in 1770, Lieutenant James Cook and his crew became the first Europeans to chart the eastern coast of Australia, making landfall at Botany Bay and inspiring British interest in the area.
In 1788, the First Fleet of convicts, led by Arthur Phillip, founded Sydney as a British penal colony, the first European settlement in Australia. Phillip named the city Sydney in recognition of 1st Viscount Sydney. Penal transportation to New South Wales ended soon after Sydney was incorporated as a city in 1842. A gold rush occurred in the colony in 1851, over the next century, Sydney transformed from a colonial outpost into a major global cultural and economic centre. After World War II, it experienced mass migration and became one of the most multicultural cities in the world. At the time of the 2011 census, more than 250 different languages were spoken in Sydney. In the 2016 Census, about 35.8% of residents spoke a language other than English at home. Furthermore, 45.4% of the population reported having been born overseas, making Sydney the 3rd largest foreign born population of any city in the world after London and New York City, respectively. Despite being one of the most expensive cities in the world, the 2018 Mercer Quality of Living Survey ranks Sydney tenth in the world in terms of quality of living, making it one of the most livable cities.
It is classified as an Alpha+ World City by Globalization and World Cities Research Network, indicating its influence in the region and throughout the world. Ranked eleventh in the world for economic opportunity, Sydney has an advanced market economy with strengths in finance and tourism. There is a significant concentration of foreign banks and multinational corporations in Sydney and the city is promoted as Australia's financial capital and one of Asia Pacific's leading financial hubs. Established in 1850, the University of Sydney is Australia's first university and is regarded as one of the world's leading universities. Sydney is home to the oldest library in Australia, State Library of New South Wales, opened in 1826. Sydney has hosted major international sporting events such as the 2000 Summer Olympics; the city is among the top fifteen most-visited cities in the world, with millions of tourists coming each year to see the city's landmarks. Boasting over 1,000,000 ha of nature reserves and parks, its notable natural features include Sydney Harbour, the Royal National Park, Royal Botanic Garden and Hyde Park, the oldest parkland in the country.
Built attractions such as the Sydney Harbour Bridge and the World Heritage-listed Sydney Opera House are well known to international visitors. The main passenger airport serving the metropolitan area is Kingsford-Smith Airport, one of the world's oldest continually operating airports. Established in 1906, Central station, the largest and busiest railway station in the state, is the main hub of the city's rail network; the first people to inhabit the area now known as Sydney were indigenous Australians having migrated from northern Australia and before that from southeast Asia. Radiocarbon dating suggests human activity first started to occur in the Sydney area from around 30,735 years ago. However, numerous Aboriginal stone tools were found in Western Sydney's gravel sediments that were dated from 45,000 to 50,000 years BP, which would indicate that there was human settlement in Sydney earlier than thought; the first meeting between the native people and the British occurred on 29 April 1770 when Lieutenant James Cook landed at Botany Bay on the Kurnell Peninsula and encountered the Gweagal clan.
He noted in his journal that they were somewhat hostile towards the foreign visitors. Cook was not commissioned to start a settlement, he spent a short time collecting food and conducting scientific observations before continuing further north along the east coast of Australia and claiming the new land he had discovered for Britain. Prior to the arrival of the British there were 4,000 to 8,000 native people in Sydney from as many as 29 different clans; the earliest British settlers called the natives Eora people. "Eora" is the term the indigenous population used to explain their origins upon first contact with the British. Its literal meaning is "from this place". Sydney Cove from Port Jackson to Petersham was inhabited by the Cadigal clan; the principal language groups were Darug and Dharawal. The earliest Europeans to visit the area noted that the indigenous people were conducting activities such as camping and fishing, using trees for bark and food, collecting shells, cooking fish. Britain—before that, England—and Ireland had for a long time been sending their convicts across the Atlantic to the American colonies.
That trade was ended with the Declaration of Independence by the United States in 1776. Britain decided in 1786 to found a new penal outpost in the territory discovered by Cook some 16 years ear
Santiago Botero Echeverry is a Colombian former professional road bicycle racer. He was a pro from 1996 to 2010, during which time he raced in three editions of the Tour de France and four editions of the Vuelta a España, he was best known for winning the mountains classification in the Tour de France, the World Championship Time Trial. He was, for the greater part of his career, a member of the Kelme team, but in 2003 joined T-Mobile Team, his performances as part of the Kelme dissipated in Team Telekom, with the team management blaming his lack of discipline in training, but he claimed health problems. In October 2004 he joined Phonak, together with Miguel Ángel Martín Perdiguero from Saunier Duval, Víctor Hugo Peña and Floyd Landis from Discovery Channel-Berry Floor, he lives in both Colombia and Madrid, Spain with his wife. Botero joined Rock Racing, for the 2008 season. Botero finished his professional career riding for the Colombian team Indeportes Antioquia-IDEA-FLA-Lotería de Medellín.
He is the manager of UCI Continental team Gobernación de Antioquia-Indeportes Antioquia. He was the World Champion in the individual time trial in 2002, his career highlights include a stage win in the Vuelta a Andalucía in 1999, a stage win in the Paris–Nice in 1999, a stage win in the 2000 Tour de France, the mountains classification in the 2000 Tour de France, two stage wins in the Vuelta 2001, the third place in the World Championships in the individual time trial in 2001, two stage wins and fourth place overall in the 2002 Tour de France. Other victories include a stage win in the Clasica Bogota in 1997, a prologue win in the Vuelta a Chile in 1997, a stage win in GP Mitsubishi in 1998. After joining T-Mobile his accomplishments in the Tour diminished sharply. On May 1, 2005 he won the Tour de Romandie in Switzerland, 33 seconds ahead of rising Italian star and favorite for the Giro d'Italia Damiano Cunego. Romandie is used as a preparation race for the Giro d'Italia. Botero carried that form into the 2005 edition of the Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré when he won the individual time trial ahead of Americans Levi Leipheimer and Lance Armstrong as well as winning the mountainous sixth stage which brought him into second overall in the general classification.
In 2006, Team Phonak dropped him on June 2 after he was named in media reports in the massive Operación Puerto doping probe in Spain, this just weeks before the start of the 2006 Tour de France. On October 2, 2006, Botero was cleared by the disciplinary committee of the Federación Colombiana de Ciclismo. On February 28, 2007, Botero was presented with his new team UNE Orbitel in Colombia, he outlined that his ambitions for the year would be to win the Vuelta a Colombia, to be the Colombian national champion and a podium place in the UCI World championships individual time trial event. In August, Botero won the Vuelta a Colombia for the first time in his career, he dominated the event by winning the prologue and two stages along the way as well as wearing the leaders jersey for most of the race
María Luisa Calle
María Luisa Calle Williams is a Colombian professional racing cyclist. She was born in Medellín. In the 2004 Summer Olympics, she won a bronze medal in the cycling women's points race, the first Colombian to win a medal in cycling, she was forced to return the medal after positive test result for the banned stimulant heptaminol. The medal was returned, after the test result was proven incorrect. On October 16, 2011 at the 2011 Pan American Games' individual time trial, Calle, 43 years old at the time, won the gold medal with a time of 28:04.82. On 22 July 2015, it was disclosed that she had tested positive for GHRP2 at the 2015 Pan American Games and was subsequently banned for four years. List of stripped Olympic medals List of doping cases in cycling María Luisa Calle at Cycling Archives