The Colonne di San Lorenzo or Columns of San Lorenzo is a group of ancient Roman ruins, located in front of the Basilica of San Lorenzo in central Milan, region of Lombardy, northern Italy. The colonnade, consisting of 16 tall Corinthian columns in a row, now fronts an open square. In the 4th century, the columns were moved here, after removal from a 2nd century pagan temple or public bath house structure. South of the columns, one of the medieval gates still has some Roman marble decoration in place. In the 16th century, in preparations for a celebratory entrance into Milan of the monarch King Phillip II of Spain, it was proposed to raze the colonnade to widen the route. Up until 1935, the space between the church and columns was occupied by old houses abutting onto the façade of the church itself. Indeed, the church complex was surrounded by old houses. Despite the plans to conserve this ancient urban fabric, the renovations led to the demolition of the old houses and the isolation of the monument on the front side.
Lists of Nobel Prizes cover people awarded Nobel Prizes, which are bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances. They are awarded for outstanding contributions for humanity in chemistry, peace and physiology or medicine; the lists are organized by year, nationality, university and other aspects. List of Nobel laureates List of Nobel laureates in Chemistry List of Nobel Memorial Prize laureates in Economics List of Nobel laureates in Literature List of Nobel Peace Prize laureates List of Nobel laureates in Physics List of Nobel laureates in Physiology or Medicine List of Nobel laureates by country List of countries by Nobel laureates per capita List of Australian Nobel laureates List of Belgian Nobel laureates List of Chinese Nobel laureates List of Japanese Nobel laureates List of Polish Nobel laureates List of Welsh Nobel laureates List of Nobel laureates by university affiliation List of Nobel laureates associated with the University of Copenhagen List of Christian Nobel laureates List of Jewish Nobel laureates List of Muslim Nobel laureates List of nonreligious Nobel laureates List of black Nobel laureates List of female Nobel laureates Clarivate Citation Laureates
The Dart Center for Journalism and Trauma is a resource center and think tank for journalists who cover violence and tragedy around the world. A project of the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism in New York City, the Dart Center operates Dart Centre Europe, based in London; the Dart Center's mission is to improve the quality of journalism on traumatic events, while raising awareness in newsrooms of the impact such coverage has on the journalists telling the stories. The Dart Center has conducted seminars and support programs for journalists covering the attacks of September 11, 2001, Hurricane Katrina, the Boxing Day tsunami, the Troubles in Northern Ireland, the Iraq War and the Virginia Tech shootings, among other events; the Dart Center's director is the American journalist Bruce Shapiro. The Dart Center for Journalism and Trauma was founded at the University of Washington in 1999 to nurture innovation in ethical reporting on victims of violence and tragedy. Among its founders were Roger Simpson, a professor of communication at UW and the Center's director until 2006, Frank Ochberg, a psychiatrist and authority on post traumatic stress disorder.
It was named for the Dart Foundation. The Dart Center re-located to Columbia University in the spring of 2009. Among the Dart Center's programs are the annual Dart Center Awards for Excellence in Reporting on Trauma and the fellowship program, called after one of its founders Frank Ochberg, aimed at mid career journalists who want to deepen their knowledge of emotional trauma and improve coverage of violence and tragedy, among whom six to ten journalists are selected every year to attend an intensive weeklong seminar program, including discussions with journalist colleagues, the annual conference of the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies; as of November 2008, 80 journalists—from 19 states and seven nations—had been selected for Dart Center Ochberg Fellowship. The Dart Center has encouraged and led research on the psychological impact of reporting traumatic events on journalists, encouraged the development of training and support programs at leading news organizations, its affiliate Dart Centre in Europe has developed programs for the BBC and other news organizations.
Dart Centre Australasia works with journalists in Australia, New Zealand, the Philippines and elsewhere in the region. Danieli, Yael. Sharing the Front Line and the Back Hills: International Protectors and Providers: Peacekeepers, Humanitarian Aid Workers and the Media in the Midst of Crisis. Baywood Publishing Company, 2001. ISBN 978-0-89503-263-8. Feinstein, Anthony. Journalists Under Fire: The Psychological Hazards of Covering War. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006. ISBN 978-0-8018-8441-2. Hight and Frank Smyth. Tragedies and Journalists, Dart Center for Journalism and Trauma, 2003. Newman, E. & Shapiro, B. Helping Journalists Who Cover Humanitarian Crisis, In G. Reyes. International Disaster Psychology, Vol. IV, Westport, CT: Praeger Publications, 2007. ISBN 978-0-275-98315-4. Newman, E. R. Simpson and Handschuh, David, "Trauma Exposure and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder among Photojournalists." News Photographer 58: 4-13, 2003. Simpson and William Cote. Covering Violence: A Guide to Ethical Reporting About Victims of Trauma.
Columbia University Press, 2006. ISBN 978-0-231-13393-7. Simpson and Boggs, James, "An Exploratory Study of Traumatic Stress Among Newspaper Journalists", Journalism and Communication Monographs, AEJMC, Spring 1999. Official website