Orange Grove Boulevard (Pasadena)
Orange Grove Boulevard is a main thoroughfare in Pasadena and South Pasadena, California. Each New Year's Day, the Rose Parade participants and floats line up before dawn on Orange Grove Boulevard, facing north, for the beginning of the parade. South Orange Grove has been the address of the affluent, both the famous and the infamous, since the early 1900s; the Los Angeles Times said: "When a stranger comes to Pasadena now, the real-estate agent shows him Orange Grove Avenue. Orange Grove Boulevard is one street of several exclusive residential districts in Pasadena. Since the early 20th century, because of the number of landmark mansions, the street earned the name Millionaire's Row, an appropriate nickname, considering that the estates that once lined this spacious boulevard and the surrounding neighborhood read like a Who's Who of American consumer products; the maker of Wrigley's chewing gum, William Wrigley Jr.'s, significant home was proffered to the city of Pasadena after Mrs. Wrigley's death in 1958, under the condition that their home would be the Rose Parade's permanent headquarters.
The stately Tournament House stands on Orange Grove Blvd. today, serves as the headquarters for the Tournament of Roses Parade. In wartime 1942, Orange Grove Boulevard was used as an alternate route for the Rose Parade to avoid an enemy attack. Referred to as Mountain Avenue, North Orange Grove Boulevard is home to the exquisite Gamble House. North of Holly Street, the road bends northeast, ending at North Fair Oaks Avenue; the home of David Gamble, son of consumer product maker James Gamble of Procter & Gamble, is located on the north end of Orange Grove Blvd. The Gamble House, an American Craftsman masterpiece, was built in 1908, by architects Charles and Henry Greene, as an exemplification of their Ultimate bungalow, it is open to the public as both museum. The Gamble House is a California Historical Landmark and a National Historic Landmark on the National Register of Historic Places. In 1966 it was deeded to the city of Pasadena in a mutual agreement with the University of Southern California School of Architecture.
Since that time, two USC architecture students per year have been selected to live in the house full-time. Referred to as Illinois Street, this section of Orange Grove Boulevard runs through the more economically diverse northern part of the city. Although there is a small commercial district between Lincoln and Los Robles avenues, this section of the street is overwhelmingly residential; the street ends at Sierra Madre Villa Avenue in Hastings Ranch. Orange Grove crosses Sierra Madre Boulevard just before ending; the Norton Simon Museum is at the intersection of Orange Colorado boulevards. The museum can be quite seen every year during the Rose Parade broadcast; the parade's official start is at Orange Grove Ellis Street. South Orange Grove Boulevard becomes South Orange Grove Avenue at Columbia Street and its southern terminus is a cul-de-sac in western South Pasadena, passing by Orange Grove Park. Between Columbia Street and Colorado Boulevard, the road is the center of an exclusive neighborhood.
In 1876, unimproved land with water could be purchased for about $100 an acre. A small empty lot is to go for as much as $200,000. Most of the mansions in this area are gone. Valley Hunt Club, Maranatha High School, Westridge School are located on South Orange Grove Boulevard; the city of South Pasadena has embarked on an ambitious project to improve both the safety and the ambience of South Orange Grove. The sidewalks along the street have been refurbished; the addition of vintage street lights both improves the safety of pedestrians and contributes to the desired ambience
Colorado Street Bridge (Pasadena, California)
The Colorado Street Bridge is a historic concrete arch bridge spanning the Arroyo Seco in Pasadena, California. The Colorado Street Bridge was designed and built in 1912 at a total cost of $191,000; the bridge was designed based in Kansas City, Missouri. The structure carries Colorado Boulevard, the major east-west thoroughfare connecting Pasadena with Eagle Rock and Glendale to the west, with Monrovia to the east. Colorado Street Bridge replaced the small Scoville bridge located near the bottom of the Arroyo Seco, it opened on December 13, 1913. The bridge spans 1,486 feet at a maximum height of 150 feet and is notable for its distinctive Beaux Arts arches, light standards, railings; the bridge is on the National Register of Historic Places and has been designated a National Historic Civil Engineering Landmark by the American Society of Civil Engineers. During the early part of the twentieth century, the Colorado Street Bridge became known locally as "Suicide Bridge" after dozens of people leaped to their deaths.
The bridge had a bad reputation before it was built, as a construction worker fell to his death and landed in the wet cement under the bridge. He is still there today; the number of deaths didn't stop there. The most told story is about her child. One night, the mother herself to the bridge and was ready to end her life, she threw her baby first and jumped, plummeting to her death. The child survived, as it landed in a tree unharmed, but the mother ended her life; the balustrade was replaced by an 8 foot tall barrier in an effort to deter suicides, but the bridge retained its nickname. To this day, some still use the bridge as a means to end their lives. For example, on October 27, 2015, British-American model and reality television star Sam Sarpong committed suicide by jumping from the bridge. In 2016, temporary anti-suicide barriers, in the form of 10 foot tall chain link fencing was installed on the sidewalk, inside the balustrade, blocking the seating alcoves; these alcoves are believed to be the primary route taken by suicide victims.
In 2017, there were nine successful suicides. In 2018, there were 4 successful suicides from the bridge by September. After police spent 13 hours negotiating with a would-be jumper, these temporary barrier fences were extended to cover the entire bridge span; the city plans to replace the temporary fencing with permanent barriers, at least 7.5 feet in height. In the 1970s, the bridge was a filming location of the TV series Emergency! Fifth season where a boy was shown trapped. In 1989, after the Loma Prieta earthquake in Northern California, the bridge was declared a seismic hazard and closed to traffic, it was reopened in 1993 after a substantial retrofit. The bridge is closed each summer for a festival, "A Celebration on the Colorado Street Bridge", hosted by historic preservation group Pasadena Heritage. An episode from the eighth season of the series Full House, "Leap of Faith" featured the bridge in a bungee jumping scene; the bridge was depicted as being in the San Francisco bay area. The bridge was site of the beginning of The Amazing Race season 21.
The contestants had to rappel down the side of the bridge to their waiting cars to start the race. In the 2016 romantic musical film La La Land, the protagonists took an evening stroll across the bridge. Suicide bridge City of Pasadena's History Page, with a historic postcard view of the bridge. Colorado Street Bridge Pasadena, National Park Service History of the Colorado Street Bridge from Pasadena Heritage Historic American Engineering Record No. CA-58, "Colorado Street Bridge", 13 photos, 34 data pages, 2 photo caption pages Colorado Street Bridge at Structurae
Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, United States, located 10 miles northeast of Downtown Los Angeles. The estimated population of Pasadena was 142,647 in 2017, making it the 183rd-largest city in the United States. Pasadena is the ninth-largest city in Los Angeles County. Pasadena was incorporated on June 19, 1886, becoming one of the first cities to be incorporated in what is now Los Angeles County, following the city of Los Angeles, it is one of the primary cultural centers of the San Gabriel Valley. The city is known for hosting Tournament of Roses Parade. In addition, Pasadena is home to many scientific and cultural institutions, including Caltech, Pasadena City College, Fuller Theological Seminary, ArtCenter College of Design, the Pasadena Playhouse, the Ambassador Auditorium, the Norton Simon Museum, the USC Pacific Asia Museum; the original inhabitants of Pasadena and surrounding areas were members of the Native American Hahamog-na tribe, a branch of the Tongva Nation. They had lived in the Los Angeles Basin for thousands of years.
Tongva dwellings lined the Arroyo Seco in present day Pasadena and south to where it joins the Los Angeles River and along other natural waterways in the city. The native people lived in dome-shape lodges, they lived on a diet of acorn meal and herbs, other small animals. They traded for ocean fish with the coastal Tongva, they made cooking vessels from steatite soapstone from Catalina Island. The oldest transportation route still in existence in Pasadena is the old Tongva foot trail known as the Gabrielino Trail, that follows the west side of the Rose Bowl and the Arroyo Seco past the Jet Propulsion Laboratory into the San Gabriel Mountains; the trail has been in continuous use for thousands of years. An arm of the trail is still in use in what is now known as Salvia Canyon; when the Spanish occupied the Los Angeles Basin they built the San Gabriel Mission and renamed the local Tongva people "Gabrielino Indians," after the name of the mission. Today, several bands of Tongva people live in the Los Angeles area.
Pasadena is a part of the original Mexican land grant named Rancho del Rincon de San Pascual, so named because it was deeded on Easter Sunday to Eulalia Perez de Guillén Mariné of Mission San Gabriel Arcángel. The Rancho comprised the lands of today's communities of Pasadena and South Pasadena. Before the annexation of California in 1848, the last of the Mexican owners was Manuel Garfias who retained title to the property after statehood in 1850. Garfias sold sections of the property to the first Anglo settlers to come into the area: Dr. Benjamin Eaton, the father of Fred Eaton. Much of the property was purchased by Benjamin Wilson, who established his Lake Vineyard property in the vicinity. Wilson, known as Don Benito to the local Indians owned the Rancho Jurupa and was mayor of Los Angeles, he was the grandfather of Jr. and the namesake of Mount Wilson. In 1873, Wilson was visited by Dr. Daniel M. Berry of Indiana, looking for a place in the country that could offer a mild climate for his patients, most of whom suffered from respiratory ailments.
Berry claimed that he had his best three night's sleep at Rancho San Pascual. To keep the find a secret, Berry code-named the area "Muscat" after the grape. To raise funds to bring the company of people to San Pascual, Berry formed the Southern California Orange and Citrus Growers Association and sold stock in it; the newcomers were able to purchase a large portion of the property along the Arroyo Seco and on January 31, 1874, they incorporated the Indiana Colony. As a gesture of good will, Wilson added 2,000 acres of then-useless highland property, part of which would become Altadena. Colonel Jabez Banbury opened the first school on South Orange Grove Avenue. Banbury had twin daughters, named Jessie; the two became the first students to attended Pasadena’s first school on Orange Grove. At the time, the Indiana Colony was a narrow strip of land between the Arroyo Seco and Fair Oaks Avenue. On the other side of the street was Wilson's Lake Vineyard development. After more than a decade of parallel development on both sides, the two settlements merged into the City of Pasadena.
The popularity of the region drew people from across the country, Pasadena became a stop on the Atchison and Santa Fe Railway, which led to an explosion in growth. From the real estate boom of the 1880s until the Great Depression, as great tourist hotels were developed in the city, Pasadena became a winter resort for wealthy Easterners, spurring the development of new neighborhoods and business districts, increased road and transit connections with Los Angeles, culminating with the opening of the Arroyo Seco Parkway, California's first freeway. By 1940, Pasadena had become the eighth-largest city in California and was considered a twin city to Los Angeles; the first of the great hotels to be established in Pasadena was the Raymond atop Bacon Hill, renamed Raymond Hill after construction. Pasadena was served by the Atchison and Santa Fe Railway at the Santa Fe Depot in downtown when the Second District was opened in 1887; the original Mansard Victorian 200-room facility burned down on Easter morning of 1895, was rebuilt in 1903, razed during the Great Depression to make way for residential development.
The Maryland Hotel existed from the early 1900s and was demolished in 1934. The world-famous Mount Lowe Railway and associated mountain hotels shu
Interstate 110 and State Route 110 (California)
Route 110, consisting of State Route 110 and Interstate 110, is a state highway in the Los Angeles metropolitan area of the U. S. state of California, built to freeway standards. The entire route connects San Pedro and the Port of Los Angeles with Downtown Los Angeles and Pasadena; the southern segment from San Pedro to Interstate 10 in downtown Los Angeles is signed as I-110, while the northern segment to Pasadena is signed as SR 110. The entire length of I-110, as well as SR 110 south of the Four Level Interchange with US 101, is the Harbor Freeway, SR 110 north from US 101 to Pasadena is the historic Arroyo Seco Parkway, the first freeway in the western United States. I-110 is one of two 3-digit interstate designations to appear on opposite coasts; the Harbor Freeway, signed as Interstate 110, begins at Gaffey Street in San Pedro, where it travels due north to the Santa Monica Freeway at a point south of downtown Los Angeles, where it becomes signed as State Route 110. I-110 is within the city limits of Los Angeles, running right the South Los Angeles region and the Harbor Gateway, a two-mile wide north–south corridor, annexed by the city of Los Angeles to connect San Pedro and the Port of Los Angeles with the rest the city.
In addition, the Harbor Transitway, a grade-separated bus and high-occupancy vehicle corridor in the median of the 110, runs between State Route 91 and the south side of Downtown Los Angeles. The Harbor Freeway, along with the Long Beach Freeway, are the principal means for freight from the port of Los Angeles to rail yards and warehouses further inland, its interchange with the Santa Monica Freeway is notoriously busy and congested, the portions bordering Bunker Hill in northwest Downtown Los Angeles are choked with traffic at peak travel times. Notable landmarks and attractions near the Harbor Freeway include the California State University, Dominguez Hills. A. Live, Los Angeles Harbor College. SR 110 continues north on the Arroyo Seco Parkway to Pasadena; the Harbor Freeway is noted for its elaborate high-occupancy toll lane feature, with the HOT lanes elevated above the rest of traffic in many areas, constructed in 1994 by C. C. Myers, Inc. as HOV lanes and converted to HOT lanes in 2012. Of particular note is the Judge Harry Pregerson Interchange, which contains the most elaborate network of direct HOV/HOT connectors in Los Angeles County.
It includes a 7-story ramp that connects the Century Freeway's HOV lanes to the Harbor Freeway's northbound HOT lanes and offers splendid views of the entire Los Angeles Basin and the San Gabriel Mountains. The interchange with State Route 91 is fairly large. Route 110 is part of the California Freeway and Expressway System, is part of the National Highway System, a network of highways that are considered essential to the country's economy and mobility by the Federal Highway Administration. In the 1924 Major Street Traffic Plan for Los Angeles, a widening of Figueroa Street to San Pedro as a good road to the Port of Los Angeles was proposed. Progress was slow, in 1933 the state legislature added the entire length to the state highway system as Route 165, an unsigned designation; this route not only extended from San Pedro north to Los Angeles, but continued through the city-built Figueroa Street Tunnels and along the northern extension of Figueroa Street to Eagle Rock, followed Linda Vista Avenue to Route 9 at the Devil's Gate Reservoir.
The entire length of Route 165 became Sign Route 11 in 1934. U. S. Route 6 was assigned to the portion between SR 1 and Avenue 26 in 1937, at about the same time US 66 was moved from Eagle Rock Boulevard to Figueroa Street, overlapping SR 11 between Sunset Boulevard and Colorado Street; the state completed the Arroyo Seco Parkway, added to the state highway system in 1935 as Route 205, in early 1941, providing a faster route between SR 11 at Avenue 26 and Pasadena. US 66 was moved to the new route, while SR 11 remained on Figueroa Street and Linda Vista Avenue, the former becoming a new U. S. Route 66 Alternate. Construction of a freeway to San Pedro was much slower, despite having been in the earliest plans for an integrated system; the Harbor Parkway was to split at the merge with the Venice Parkway northeast of the University of Southern California, with the East By-Pass and West By-Pass straddling the Los Angeles Central Business District and rejoining at the split between the Arroyo Seco Parkway and Riverside Parkway south of Dodger Stadium.
The West By-Pass was soon incorporated into the Harbor Parkway, the first short piece, by renamed the Harbor Freeway, opened on July 30, 1952 from the Four Level Interchange south to 3rd Street. The Harbor Freeway pushed south, opening to Olympic Boulevard on March 23, 1954 and Washington Boulevard on May 14, 1954. On March 27, 1956, the highway was extended to 42nd Street, on April 24, 1957 it reached temporary ramps at 88th Place. Further extensions were made to Century Boulevard on July 31, 1958, 124th Street on September 24, 1958, Alondra Boulevard on May 2
Pasadena City College
Pasadena City College is a public community college in Pasadena, California. Pasadena City College was founded in 1924 as Pasadena Junior College. From 1928 to 1953, it operated as a four-year junior college, combining the last two years of high school with the first two years of college. In 1954, Pasadena Junior College merged with another junior college, John Muir College, to become Pasadena City College. In 1966, voters approved the creation of the Pasadena Area Junior College District; the name was subsequently changed to the Pasadena Area Community College District. Pasadena City College is accredited by the Accrediting Commission for Community and Junior Colleges of the Western Association of Schools and Colleges, an institutional accrediting body recognized by the Commission on Recognition of Postsecondary Accreditation and the U. S. Department of Education; the Shatford Library is a direct descendent of the original Pasadena High School library that occupied the campus. The $16.5-million Shatford Library opened in 1994, holds 133,024 volumes in the general book collection, over 300 periodical subscriptions 7,338 audio cassettes, 1,019 paperbacks, 661 CDs and software, 404 volumes in the Special Services collection, 1,186 videocassettes.
Walter T. Shatford II, is the attorney for whom the library was named in recognition of his four decades of service on the school's board and his donations, he was active in the Civil Rights Movement. In 2003, voters approved a bond measure for about $150 million. A significant portion of these funds were earmarked for the construction of a new building to house the college's art and music departments; the Alumni Commons, the Aquatic Center, the Boone Sculpture Garden, the Galloway Plaza have all replaced what were once campus parking lots. A new fourth floor parking structure and a new bus parking area were completed in 2005. In 2007, many services at the school had to relocate pending demolition of their previous facilities; these included the college bookstore, Student Affairs, Associated Students, the student business services, the campus police and the offices of the school newspaper The Courier. A groundbreaking ceremony for the construction of the new Industrial and Technology building, Campus Center and Bookstore took place in October 2007.
The Campus Center and Bookstore opened in August 2009. The school is one of the few community colleges with its own observatory and seismograph; the college is governed by a nine-member board of trustees. Seven members are elected. Mark W. Rocha, former West Los Angeles College president, assumed the role of president/superintendent on July 1, 2010, when he was chosen to replace Lisa Sugimoto, his presidency was controversial with some constituents, including the faculty who twice voted "no confidence" in him, he resigned in the summer of 2014. Previous presidents/superintendents include Jack Scott, who served as California State Assemblymember from 1996 to 2000 and California State Senator from 2000 to 2008; as of 2009, Scott is Chancellor of the California Community College system. The school attracts students from throughout Southern California, enrolling a large percentage of student from outside the bounds of the Pasadena Area Community College District, established in 1966; the district includes the cities of Pasadena, South Pasadena, San Marino, Temple City, La Cañada Flintridge, Sierra Madre, portions of Rosemead and El Monte.
As of 2012, there are 26,000 students enrolled in the school. The demographics of the students are: 43.2 percent Hispanic, 26.8 percent Asian or Pacific Islander, 9 percent Caucasian, 3.9 percent African American, 0.1 percent American Indian. 51.2 percent of the students are female. The staff members of the International Student Office assist international students in the application process and support their transition during their time at the school. Before registration, international students are required to pass the English as a Second Language and Math placement examinations before being accepted into the school, they are required to attend counseling to plan for classes. Assistance is available to become familiar with campus resources, i.e. Counseling Office, Learning Assistance Center, the ESL Center, Computing Services, it is recommended. In 2015, there were 1,119 part-time professors, they are represented by the Faculty Association. There were 322 classified staff. There were a total of 77 administrators, represented by the Management Association.
The printing program, this program has provided training in commercial printing, including lithography and screen printing, since the 1940s. The math department has won the AMATYC community college mathematics competition numerous times. PCC is
The Little Old Lady (from Pasadena)
"The Little Old Lady" is a song written by Don Altfeld, Jan Berry and Roger Christian, recorded by 1960s American pop singers and Dean. The song reached number three on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in 1964 and number one on Canada's RPM chart; the session musicians who played on this record included Leon Russell on piano. Jan & Dean reworked the lyrics from "The Little Old Lady" in 1967, renaming the track "Tijuana" and releasing it as a single that same year; the lyrics were now drug related. "Tijuana" was released on their 2010 album Carnival of Sound. The song was performed live by The Beach Boys at Sacramento Memorial Auditorium on August 1, 1964 for inclusion on their No.1 album Beach Boys Concert. The Beach Boys, Brian Wilson, who co-wrote several of Jan & Dean's biggest surf hits, had supported Jan & Dean in the recording studio to initiate them in the surf music genre; the origins of "The Little Old Lady" stem from a popular Dodge ad campaign in southern California that launched in early 1964.
Starring actress Kathryn Minner, the commercials showed the white-haired elderly lady speeding down the street driving a modified Dodge. She would stop, look out the window and say "Put a Dodge in your garage, Hon-ey!". The song soon followed and Minner enjoyed great popularity until she died in 1969."The Little Old Lady" was a folk archetype in Southern California in the mid-20th century. Decades earlier in the century, many people had moved to the region, in particular to Pasadena, California; the trend was accelerated by the Dust Bowl, the Great Depression, World War II. Since men tended to die earlier, Pasadena became known for its high percentage of elderly widows; as political columnist and language expert William Safire noted, the phrase "little old ladies in tennis shoes" was used in the 1960s to refer to social and political conservatives in Southern California. Part of this lore was that many an elderly man who died in Pasadena would leave his widow with a powerful car that she if drove, such as an old Buick Roadmaster, or a vintage 1950s Cadillac, Packard, Studebaker, DeSoto, or La Salle.
According to the story, Used car salesmen would tell prospective buyers that the previous owner of a vehicle was "a little old lady from Pasadena who only drove it to church on Sundays," thus suggesting the car had little wear. This story or joke became part of the material of some comedians based in Los Angeles, because of television, the phrase "little old lady from Pasadena" became familiar to a national audience. From this premise came the comic song, about a little old lady from Pasadena who had a high-performance "Super Stock" Dodge; these vehicles were produced in low numbers in 1964 for drag racing, were equipped with a high-output Max Wedge engine. The song's twist was that, unlike the subject of the usual story and joke, this little old lady not only drove the hot car, but was a peerless street racer, "the terror of Colorado Boulevard," the main route of the Tournament of Roses Parade in Pasadena; the song was one of many California related songs played throughout "Sunshine Plaza" in the original Disney California Adventure.
The Dead Kennedys satirized the concept in their own song "Buzzbomb from Pasadena," where an elderly driver terrorizes the city with her driving. In Animaniacs, Slappy Squirrel once takes over the old lady's role in the song; that episode ends with her being arrested. Lyrics of this song