Grand Valley (Colorado-Utah)
The Grand Valley is an extended populated valley 30 miles long and 5 miles wide, located along the Colorado River in Mesa County in western Colorado and Grand County in eastern Utah in the Western United States. The valley contains the city of Grand Junction, as well as other smaller communities such as Fruita, Palisade; the valley is noted with a large number of orchards. It takes its name from the "Grand River", the historical name of the Colorado River upstream from its confluence with the Green River, used by locals in the late 19th and early 20th century; the valley is the most densely populated area on the Colorado Western Slope, with Grand Junction serving as an unofficial capital of the region, as a counterpoint to Denver on the eastern slope of the Rocky Mountains in the Colorado Front Range. Interstate 70 and U. S. Highway 6 run through the valley from west-to-east; the Grand Valley is part of the larger Colorado Plateau desert lands. The valley begins where the Colorado River widens at the mouth of De Beque Canyon to the east of Palisade follows a wide arc bending to the west.
The Colorado receives the Gunnison River, one of its major tributaries, just south of Grand Junction near the midpoint of the valley. The valley is surrounded by large plateau formations, including the Book Cliffs along the north side, the Grand Mesa along the southeast side, the Uncompahgre Plateau to the southwest. Colorado National Monument sits on a ridge on the southwest side of the valley west of Grand Junction. Much of the surrounding table land areas rimming the valley are public lands controlled by the Bureau of Land Management; the valley was an area occupied by the Ute people. White settlers began farming the valley for a variety of grains and fruits. In the 1890s, it was discovered that sugar beets grown in the valley had a high sugar content, leading to widespread cultivation of that crop. At the turn of the 20th century, evaporation techniques allowed fruit growers to ship their products more efficiently to distant markets, yielding an expansion of fruit growing in the valley. In 1918, the Government Highline Canal was completed to provide water to cultivate 50,000 acres in the valley.
The project included a roller dam in De Beque Canyon, the largest of three such dams of this type in the nation. According to local legend, the valley was cursed by the native Utes upon their forced exodus to federal reservation grounds in Utah; the legend states, among other things, that no person born in the valley may leave permanently unless a small amount of sand is collected from the Grand Mesa, Book Cliffs, Colorado National Monument or the junction of the Gunnison and Colorado rivers. The sand is supposed to alleviate the curse's effects of a supernatural and metaphysical attraction by the valley's soil to the native individual. Although this is a myth and therefore cannot be confirmed, many exiting locals and non-native alike, prefer not to take their chances with the alleged curse and keep the sand long after emigrating from the valley. List of valleys of Utah Grand Valley AVA Plateau Valley Media related to Grand Valley at Wikimedia Commons
University of Colorado Colorado Springs
The University of Colorado Colorado Springs is a campus of the University of Colorado system, the state university system of Colorado. As of Fall 2017, UCCS has over 12,400 undergraduate and 1,822 graduate students, with 32% ethnic minority students. For public universities in the Master's Universities-West category it was ranked 6th, it has been ranked in the top ten on that list each year since 2002. For the 2015 rankings released by U. S. News, UCCS was tied 51st overall in the west for all public schools. Among public and for-profit universities, the UCCS undergraduate engineering program ranked 14th in the nation; the campus history begins with the creation of Cragmor Sanatorium, now Main Hall. In 1902, William Jackson Palmer donated funds to build a sanatorium; the Cragmor Sanatorium opened in 1905 and was nicknamed the "Sun Palace" due to its sun-loving architecture. In the following decades, it developed a following among the cultural elite, many of its patients were wealthy. However, they were hit hard by the Great Depression in the 1930s and Cragmor suffered from financial distress into the 1940s.
It was reinvigorated in the 1950s when a contract with the Bureau of Indian Affairs established Cragmor as a treatment center for Navajos with tuberculosis. About ten years the Navajo patients were transferred elsewhere; as early as 1945, University of Colorado offered classes in the Colorado Springs area at various locations Colorado College. By the 1960s, however, a permanent campus was desired. On February 16, 1961, the Committee for the Expansion of the University of Colorado was formed. Co-chairman were Ronald B Macintyre. Members included Angelo Christopher, Clint Cole, Albert Hesse, Don King, Don Kopis, Rosemary Macintyre, Dorothy Petta, Harrington Richardson, Joseph Reich, Robin Tibbets, Mike Valliant, Phyllis Warner, John Whigham. On March 4, 1961, they submitted a resolution to expand the extension of The University of Colorado to Colorado Springs. Legislators were favorable. After several more years of local and state meetings in June 1964, the next phase of UCCS's development came about when Dr. George Dwire, the Executive Director of the Cragmor Sanatorium, began formal actions necessary to transfer the assets of the Cragmoor Corporation to the University of Colorado.
The solution came when George T. Dwire sold the Cragmor Sanatorium property for $1 to the state, which became the property of the University of Colorado in 1964. In 1965, UCCS moved to its current location on Austin Bluffs Parkway in the Cragmor neighborhood of Northern Colorado Springs; the campus is located at one of the highest parts of the city. Because of its ties to Hewlett-Packard, initial university programs focused on engineering and business, classes were held in the Cragmor Sanatorium building, what is now Main Hall, Cragmor Hall, a modern expansion of Main Hall; the first building built for UCCS, Dwire Hall, was not complete until 1972. A 1997 community referendum merged Beth-El College of Nursing with UCCS. In recent years, programs such as the Network Information and Space Security Center were added to connect the university with the military to improve national security. Other programs, including the CU Institute for Bioenergetics and the Institute for Science and Space Studies, cast an eye toward the future.
In 2001, UCCS purchased an 87,000-square-foot building at the corner of Union and Austin Bluffs to house the Beth-El College of Nursing. The College of Letters and Sciences is the UCCS college of liberal arts and sciences, it is the largest college at UCCS, offering undergraduate programs in anthropology, art history, chemistry, economics, film studies and environmental studies, mathematics, physics, political science, sociology and visual and performing arts. It offers graduate programs in biology, communication, applied geography, applied mathematics, physics and sociology; the Johnson Beth-El College of Nursing & Health Sciences is the UCCS nursing school. It has Health Science and Nursing; the college is accredited with the Colorado State Board of Nursing and the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education. Both departments are located in the upper levels of University Hall about half a mile east from the main campus and in the northwest corner of the Austin Bluff at Union intersection. Degrees granted: Undergraduate: Bachelor of Science in forensic science, allied health, or sports health and wellness.
The College of Business and Administration is the UCCS business school. It is located in Dwire Hall; the college established in 1965. It is accredited by the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business. Degrees granted: Undergraduate: Bachelor of Science in Business Administration. Graduate: Masters in Business Administration in accounting, health care administration, information systems, international business, marketing, general business, operations management, pro
University of Northern Colorado
The University of Northern Colorado is a public research university in Greeley, Colorado. The university was founded in 1889 as the State Normal School of Colorado and has a long history in teacher education. 12,000 students are enrolled in six colleges. Extended campus locations in are in Loveland and Colorado Springs. UNC’s 19 athletic teams compete in NCAA Division I athletics; the campus is divided into two main areas: west. UNC's Central Campus includes the areas north of 20th Street and west of 8th Avenue in Greeley, Colorado; the residence halls on Central Campus have been designated a state historic district. UNC's Central Campus was the original part of the campus and houses the College of Performing & Visual Arts, schools in the College of Natural & Health Science, the Kenneth W. Monfort College of Business. Central has more traditional "collegiate" feeling. UNC's annual convocation ceremony begins in Cranford Park located on Central Campus. Upon conclusion of the ceremony, the marching band leads attendees to Turner Green on West Campus for Taste of UNC and Bear Fest.
West Campus includes the areas south of 20th Street and west of 10th Avenue, including the College of Humanities & Social Sciences, College of Education & Behavioral Sciences, schools in the College of Natural & Health Sciences. West Campus houses 2,000 students and is the more social area of campus; the university operates satellite centers in Loveland, Denver and Colorado Springs, Colorado. The Denver campus hosts two programs of note - the Center for Urban Education, the DO-IT Center. Old Man Mountain is a group of cabins owned by the university located in Estes Park and serves as a common retreat location for the community. Michener Library was named after Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist James A. Michener, who attended Colorado State College of Education, now the University of Northern Colorado, from 1936 to 1937, he was a Social Science educator at the Training School and at the College from 1936 to 1941, went on to set his novel Centennial in the school's home of Weld County. Michener Library's collections include 1.5 million items in monograph, government document, audio-visual and microform formats.
The Library houses the James A. Michener Special Collection; the Howard M. Skinner Music Library specializes in curricular support of the School of Music and Musical Theatre Programs but is open to everyone; this library has more than 100,000 scores, books and recordings, housed in a facility that opened in October 1997. In 2005, the building was named for Dr. Howard M. Skinner, former Dean of the College of Performing and Visual Arts, in honor of his many years of dedication to UNC and to the Greeley music community; this digital online repository service offered by the University's libraries captures, organizes, indexes and provides access to University of Northern Colorado information resources and intellectual output. It brings together selected digital materials from across campus to create a repository of the educational, scholarly and historical assets of the University. GREE is the standard acronym for the UNC Herbarium, which has about 35,000 specimens, about 10,000 of which are backlogged.
In recent years, GREE has been the fastest growing herbarium in the region on a percentage basis, having increased its holdings by over 300 percent. Estimated specimens by geographical origin include: Southern Rockies, 75 percent; the university's facilities provide storage capacity for about 65,000 specimens. The SRMRC is a separate collection of one or two specimens of each taxon of vascular plant known to occur in the Southern Rocky Mountain region; the SRMRC is used to provide a source of specimens for educational demonstrations to school classes, civic groups, other interested visitors. The collection is expanding continuously; the Mariani Gallery, created in 1972 to show a variety of art exhibits, is located in Guggenheim Hall, Room 100. The Oak Room Gallery focuses on undergraduate and graduate student work and is located in Crabbe Hall, Room 201; this is a collection of 48 original works by 40 artists, including Mary Cassatt, Bridget Riley, Louise Nevelson, Kathe Kollwitz. It is located in Guggenheim Hall.
Located in Michener Library, this gallery hosts shows by locally and nationally known artists and displays the work of alumni and staff of the university. The Board of Trustees for the university oversees the administration and approves the university annual budget. Several members of the University's administrative team are ex officio members of the Board. Thomas J. Gray — 1890–1891 James H. Hayes — Interim 1891, November 11, 1915 – 1916 Zachariah Xenophon Snyder — 1891–1915 John Grant Crabbe — Late summer 1916–1924 George Willard Frasier — 1924–1947 William Robert Ross — 1947–1964 Darrell Holmes — 1964–1971 Frank P. Lakin — 1969, 1971 Interim President Richard R. Bond — 1971–1981 Charles Manning, Acting President — 1981 Robert C. Dickeson — 1981–1991 Richard Davies, Acting President — January 1 – August 29, 1987 Stephen T. Hulbert, Interim President — July 1 – September 30, 1991 Herman Lujan — 1991–1996 Howard Skinner, Interim President — June 1996 – June 1998 Hank Brown — July 1998 – June 2002 Kay Norton — July 2002 – July 2018 Andy Feinstein - July 2018 – pres
Denver the City and County of Denver, is the capital and most populous municipality of the U. S. state of Colorado. Denver is located in the South Platte River Valley on the western edge of the High Plains just east of the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains; the Denver downtown district is east of the confluence of Cherry Creek with the South Platte River 12 mi east of the foothills of the Rocky Mountains. Denver is named after James W. Denver, a governor of the Kansas Territory, it is nicknamed the Mile High City because its official elevation is one mile above sea level; the 105th meridian west of Greenwich, the longitudinal reference for the Mountain Time Zone, passes directly through Denver Union Station. Denver is ranked as a Beta world city by World Cities Research Network. With an estimated population of 704,621 in 2017, Denver is the 19th-most populous U. S. city, with a 17.41% increase since the 2010 United States Census, it has been one of the fastest-growing major cities in the United States.
The 10-county Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area had an estimated 2017 population of 2,888,227 and is the 19th most populous U. S. metropolitan statistical area. The 12-city Denver-Aurora, CO Combined Statistical Area had an estimated 2017 population of 3,515,374 and is the 15th most populous U. S. metropolitan area. Denver is the most populous city of the 18-county Front Range Urban Corridor, an oblong urban region stretching across two states with an estimated 2017 population of 4,895,589. Denver is the most populous city within a 500-mile radius and the second-most populous city in the Mountain West after Phoenix, Arizona. In 2016, Denver was named the best place to live in the United States by U. S. News & World Report. In the summer of 1858, during the Pike's Peak Gold Rush, a group of gold prospectors from Lawrence, Kansas established Montana City as a mining town on the banks of the South Platte River in what was western Kansas Territory; this was the first historical settlement in what was to become the city of Denver.
The site faded however, by the summer of 1859 it was abandoned in favor of Auraria and St. Charles City. On November 22, 1858, General William Larimer and Captain Jonathan Cox, both land speculators from eastern Kansas Territory, placed cottonwood logs to stake a claim on the bluff overlooking the confluence of the South Platte River and Cherry Creek, across the creek from the existing mining settlement of Auraria, on the site of the existing townsite of St. Charles. Larimer named the townsite Denver City to curry favor with Kansas Territorial Governor James W. Denver. Larimer hoped the town's name would help make it the county seat of Arapaho County but, unbeknownst to him, Governor Denver had resigned from office; the location was accessible to existing trails and was across the South Platte River from the site of seasonal encampments of the Cheyenne and Arapaho. The site of these first towns is now the site of Confluence Park near downtown Denver. Larimer, along with associates in the St. Charles City Land Company, sold parcels in the town to merchants and miners, with the intention of creating a major city that would cater to new immigrants.
Denver City was a frontier town, with an economy based on servicing local miners with gambling, saloons and goods trading. In the early years, land parcels were traded for grubstakes or gambled away by miners in Auraria. In May 1859, Denver City residents donated 53 lots to the Leavenworth & Pike's Peak Express in order to secure the region's first overland wagon route. Offering daily service for "passengers, mail and gold", the Express reached Denver on a trail that trimmed westward travel time from twelve days to six. In 1863, Western Union furthered Denver's dominance of the region by choosing the city for its regional terminus; the Colorado Territory was created on February 28, 1861, Arapahoe County was formed on November 1, 1861, Denver City was incorporated on November 7, 1861. Denver City served as the Arapahoe County Seat from 1861 until consolidation in 1902. In 1867, Denver City became the acting territorial capital, in 1881 was chosen as the permanent state capital in a statewide ballot.
With its newfound importance, Denver City shortened its name to Denver. On August 1, 1876, Colorado was admitted to the Union. Although by the close of the 1860s, Denver residents could look with pride at their success establishing a vibrant supply and service center, the decision to route the nation's first transcontinental railroad through Cheyenne, rather than Denver, threatened the prosperity of the young town. A daunting 100 miles away, citizens mobilized to build a railroad to connect Denver to the transcontinental railroad. Spearheaded by visionary leaders including Territorial Governor John Evans, David Moffat, Walter Cheesman, fundraising began. Within three days, $300,000 had been raised, citizens were optimistic. Fundraising stalled before enough was raised, forcing these visionary leaders to take control of the debt-ridden railroad. Despite challenges, on June 24, 1870, citizens cheered as the Denver Pacific completed the link to the transcontinental railroad, ushering in a new age of prosperity for Denver.
Linked to the rest of the nation by rail, Denver prospered as a service and supply center. The young city grew during these years, attracting millionaires with their mansions, as well as the poverty and crime of a growing city. Denver citizens were proud when the rich chose Denver and were thrilled when Horace Tabor, the Leadville mining millionaire, built an impressive business block at 16th and Larimer as well as the el
Colorado State University
Colorado State University is a public research university in Fort Collins, Colorado. The university is the state's land grant university and the flagship university of the Colorado State University System; the current enrollment is 33,877 students, including resident and non-resident instruction students. The university has 2,000 faculty in eight colleges and 55 academic departments. Bachelor's degrees are offered with master's degrees in 55 fields. Colorado State confers doctoral degrees in 40 fields of study, in addition to a professional degree in veterinary medicine. In fiscal year 2012, CSU spent $375.9 million on research and development, ranking 60th in the nation overall and 34th when excluding medical school spending. CSU graduates include Pulitzer Prize winners, astronauts, CEOs, two former governors of Colorado. Arising from the Morrill Act, the act to create the university was signed by the Colorado Territory governor Edward M. McCook in 1870. While a board of 12 trustees was formed to "purchase and manage property, erect buildings, establish basic rules for governing the institutions and employ buildings," the near complete lack of funding by the territorial legislature for this mission hampered progress.
The first 30-acre parcel of land for the campus was deeded in 1871 by Robert Dazell. In 1872, the Larimer County Land Improvement Company contributed a second 80-acre parcel; the first $1000 to erect buildings was allocated by the territorial legislature in 1874. The funds were not and trustees were required to find a matching amount, which they obtained from local citizens and businesses. Among the institutions which donated matching funds was the local Grange, involved in the early establishment of the university; as part of this effort, in the spring of 1874 Grange No. 6 held a picnic and planting event at the corner of College Avenue and West Laurel Street, plowed and seeded 20 acres of wheat on a nearby field. Within several months, the university's first building, a 16-foot -by-24-foot red brick building nicknamed the "Claim Shanty" was finished, providing the first tangible presence of the institution in Fort Collins. After Colorado achieved statehood in 1876, the territorial law establishing the college was required to be reauthorized.
In 1877, the state legislature created the eight-member State Board of Agriculture to govern the school. Early in the 21st century, the governing board was renamed the Board of Governors of the Colorado State University System; the legislature authorized a railroad right-of-way across the campus and a mill levy to raise money for construction of the campus' first main building, Old Main, completed in December 1878. Despite wall cracks and other structural problems suffered during its first year, the building was opened in time for the welcoming of the first five students on September 1, 1879 by university president Elijah Evan Edwards. Enrollment grew to 25 by 1880. During the first term at Colorado Agricultural College in fall 1879, the school functioned more as a college-prep school than a college because of the lack of trained students; the first course offerings were arithmetic, English, U. S. history, natural philosophy and farm economy. Students labored on the college farm and attended daily chapel services.
The spring term provided the first true college-level instruction. Despite his accomplishments, Edwards resigned in spring 1882 because of conflicts with the State Board of Agriculture, a young faculty member, with students; the board's next appointee as president was Charles Ingersoll, a graduate and former faculty member at Michigan State Agricultural College, who began his nine years of service at CAC with just two full-time faculty members and 67 students, 24 of whom were women. Agricultural research would grow under Ingersoll; the Hatch Act of 1887 provided federal funds to establish and maintain experiment stations at land-grant colleges. Ainsworth Blount, CAC's first professor of practical agriculture and manager of the College Farm, had become known as a "one man experiment station", the Hatch Act expanded his original station to five Colorado locations; the curriculum expanded as well, introducing coursework in engineering, animal science, liberal arts. New faculty members brought expertise in botany, horticulture and irrigation engineering.
CAC made its first attempts at animal science during 1883–84, when it hired veterinary surgeon George Faville. Faville conducted free weekly clinics for student instruction and treatment of local citizen's diseased or injured animals. Veterinary science at the college languished for many years following Faville's departure in 1886. President Ingersoll believed. Despite the reluctance of the institution's governing board, CAC began opening the door to liberal arts in 1885, by Ingersoll's last year at CAC the college had instituted a "Ladies Course" that offered junior and senior women classes in drawing and typewriting, foreign languages, landscape gardening and psychology. Ingersoll's belief in liberal yet practical education conflicted with the narrower focus of the State Board of Agriculture, a final clash in April 1891 led to his resignation. In 1884, CAC would celebrate the commencement of its first three graduates. One of the early notable professors was Louis George Carpenter, happy to be called "Professor Carp."
He was a college Professor and the Dean of Engineering & Physics at Colorado State University known as the Colorado Agricultural College. He was
Western Colorado University
Western Colorado University known as Western, is a four-year public university offering a full complement of degrees, including those in the most emerging technical fields of computer science and engineering. Located in Gunnison, the campus is home to 2,500 undergraduate and 400 graduate students, with more than 30 percent coming from out of state. Western offers more than 90 areas of study for seven graduate programs. On Sept. 6, 2018, Western announced the development of the Paul M. Rady School of Computer Science & Engineering, made possible through an $80 million gift and a partnership with the University of Colorado Boulder College of Engineering & Applied Science. Since 2013, Western’s student headcount has grown by 17.4%, the highest percentage increase in full-time enrollment in Colorado with the exception of the CU system. Western was established in 1901 and opened for classes in 1911 as the Colorado State Normal School, the first college on the Western Slope; this initial focus as a preparatory college for teachers resulted in a commitment to teacher preparation programs that continues to this day.
In 1923 the college's name was changed to Western State College of Colorado in recognition of its expanding programs in the liberal arts at both undergraduate and graduate levels. The college continued to grow after World War II when returning veterans attended on the GI Bill, academic and co-curricular programs capitalizing on the college's unique mountain setting were continually added. In 2012, the institution was renamed Western State Colorado University. In September 2018, the institution changed its name to Western Colorado University. Undergraduate admission at Western is a holistic process where students' academic history, leadership potential, diversity of experience, depth of participation in extracurricular activities and overall interest in attending are taken into account; every student who applies is considered for a merit scholarship worth between $2,500-$4,500 per year and $8,000-$10,000 based on GPA and ACT/SAT scores. Western accepted 86% of applicants for the class of 2021.
Western offers more than 90 areas of study for undergraduates and seven graduate programs with class sizes averaging 18 students. Popular majors include Business Administration, Exercise & Sport Science, Environment & Sustainability, Recreation & Outdoor Education and Psychology. Western offers many unique programs, including Petroleum Geology, Energy Management and High Altitude Exercise Physiology. By virtue of the school’s mountainous setting, professors in many departments are known for taking their classes into the “outdoor laboratory” that surrounds campus; the Biology and Exercise & Sport Science departments are involved in research. The Thornton Biology Research Program has funded undergraduate research projects for the past 30 years; the Master of Science in High Altitude Exercise Physiology program is conducting research and involves undergraduate students as well. The High Altitude Performance Lab —which sits at 7,750 feet above sea level—is a sport performance and exercise physiology facility equipped to assess the major fitness parameters.
These parameters include: muscular endurance, muscular strength, cardiopulmonary capacity and body composition. The primary goal of the lab is to provide well rounded, applied experiences to Western undergraduate Exercise & Sport Science majors. Forbes ranked Western Colorado University as one of the top 100 institutions in the West in 2017. Western has received recognition from the magazine in 2015 and 2014 as well. Elevation Outdoors magazine named Western the "Top Adventure School in the West" for the third time in 2017. LendEDU lists Western as having among the lowest student-debt rates in the nation; the website ranks Western as the 27th best college for study abroad. Powder magazine and Teton Gravity Research have called Western one of the best colleges for skiers and snowboarders. Western is considered an Arbor Day Tree Campus. Of Western's 171 faculty members, 75% are full time; the majority of faculty at Western carry a terminal degree. Professor of History Duane Vandenbusche is the longest serving active professor at any public higher education institution in Colorado.
His tenure at Western began in 1962 at the age of 25. Vandenbusche coached Western's cross country and track & field teams from 1971-2007. In 2000, Biology professor Jessica Young helped discover the Gunnison Sage-Grouse; this was the first new avian species. Young is the Global Coordinator for the School of Environment & Sustainability at Western; the University Center is a primary center for student life at Western. It is home to the Rare Air Mad Jack's Cafe dining facilities, it houses several ballrooms and conference rooms, a movie theater, Wilderness Pursuits, LEAD & Orientation offices, the Multicultural Center, the Residence Life offices. Western has 10 on-campus residence halls. Five have traditional, two-person rooms, three are suite-style and two are apartments. All students are required to live on campus for their first two years; the Innovation + Creativity + Entrepreneurship Lab is one of the newest additions to Western’s campus and partners with the Colorado Small Business Development Center.
Although it occupies an older building on campus, the interior has been remodeled as collaborative and modular workspace to help promote economic development on the Western Slope of Colorado. The downstairs of the ICELab is now the Overlook Cafe; the Borick Business Building is home to the School of Business, which encompasses the Business Administration and Econ
Colorado School of Mines
Colorado School of Mines referred to as "Mines", is a public teaching and research university in Golden, devoted to engineering and applied science, with special expertise in the development and stewardship of the Earth's natural resources. Mines placed 82nd in the 2017 U. S. News & World Report "Best National Universities" ranking. In the 2016–17 QS World University Rankings by subject, the university was ranked as the top institution in the world for mineral and mining engineering. Golden, established in 1859 as Golden City, served as a supply center for miners and settlers in the area. In 1866, Bishop George M. Randall of Massachusetts arrived in the territory and, seeing a need for higher education facilities in the area, began planning for a university which would include a school of mines. In 1870, he opened the Jarvis Hall Collegiate School in the central building of the Colorado University Schools campus just south of the town of Golden, accompanied it with Matthews Hall divinity school in 1872, in 1873 the School of Mines opened under the auspices of the Episcopal Church.
In 1874 the School of Mines, supported by the territorial government since efforts began in 1870, was acquired by the territory and has been a state institution since 1876 when Colorado attained statehood. Tuition was free to residents of Colorado; the school's logo was designed by prominent architect Jacques Benedict. The first building on the current site of the school was built in 1880 with additions completed in 1882 and 1890; the building, known as "Chemistry Hall," stood. The next building to be added to the campus was Engineering Hall, built in 1894, still in use today by the Economics and Business Division. Other firsts include the first Board of Trustees meeting held in 1879. In 1906, Mines became the first school of its kind in the world to own and operate its own experimental mine, designed for practical teaching of the students, located on Mt. Zion and succeeded in the 1930s by the Edgar Mine. In 1879, there was some discussion about merging School of Mines and the State University in Boulder.
Because of the specialized focus of School of Mines, it was decided that such a merger would not be appropriate. During the early years of the institution, the chief administrator was the "Professor in Charge"; the designation "President" was first used in 1880. The "M" on Mt. Zion, a prominent feature in the Golden area, was constructed in 1908 and lighted in 1932. Early academic departments were drafting, metallurgy and mining. In the 1920s, departments formed in petroleum engineering and geophysics. Petroleum refining was added in 1946; the Humanities and Social Sciences Division and the Department of Physical Education and Athletics provide nontechnical educational opportunities for Mines students. Other facilities include: Ben Parker Student Center, Arthur Lakes Library, Green Center and the Edgar Mine, located in Idaho Springs; the Colorado School of Mines is a public research university devoted to engineering and applied science. In August 2007, a new student recreation center was completed.
In 2008, the school finished expanding its main computer center, the Center for Technology and Learning Media. In May 2008 the school completed construction and installation of a new supercomputer nicknamed "Ra" in the CTLM managed by the Golden Energy Computing Organization, a partnership among the Colorado School of Mines, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, the National Center for Atmospheric Research and the National Science Foundation; the school operates the Colorado School of Mines Geology Museum, which displays rock and mineral specimens collected from Colorado's numerous mining districts as well as around the world. The museum's exhibits include specimens from the Frank Allison gold and silver collection, part of the famous Nininger meteorite collection, Sweet Home Mine rhodochrosite, as well as a model uranium mine and various pieces of mining related art. Mines is the host of the annual Colorado State Science Olympiad, which draws teams from both the northern regional and southern regional competitions.
One or two teams advance to the national finals, depending on the number of teams registered to compete. Mines hosts the Colorado Regional Science Bowl, shares hosting of the Colorado State MathCounts Competition with University of Denver, alternating biennially. Since 1964, the Colorado School of Mines has hosted the annual oil shale symposium, one of the most important international oil shale conferences. Although the series of symposia stopped after 1992, the tradition was restored in 2006; the design of the university's buildings have varied over time, spanning a spectrum of styles from Second Empire to Postmodernist, created by noted Colorado architectural masters including Robert S. Roeschlaub, Jacques Benedict, Temple Hoyne Buell. To date, three main academic buildings are gone, while the present campus includes: Major open-air athletic facilities of the Colorado School of Mines include historic Campbell Field and Darden Field; the honorary named Colorado School of Mines buildings commemorate Dr. Victor C.
Alderson, Edward L. Berthoud, George R. Brown, Dr. Regis Chauvenet, Dr. Melville F. Coo