Clarence Saxby Chambliss is an American politician, a United States Senator from Georgia from 2003 to 2015. A member of the Republican Party, he served as a U. S. Representative from 1995 to 2003. During his four terms in the House, Chambliss served on the United States House of Representatives Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence and chaired the House Intelligence Subcommittee on Terrorism and Homeland Security, which oversaw investigations of the intelligence community after the September 11 attacks in 2001. During his 2002 bid for the U. S. Senate, Chambliss focused on the issue of national defense and homeland security, he won with 53% of the vote. For several years he was the ranking Republican on the Senate Committee on Agriculture and Forestry, chaired the committee during the 109th Congress. In the 112th Congress he was the ranking Republican on the Select Committee on Intelligence. Chambliss had a conservative voting record in the Senate, but he participated in some bipartisan legislation.
In December 2011 the Washington Post named Chambliss and the "Gang of Six" as one of the Best Leaders of 2011 for attempts to craft a bipartisan deficit reduction package. On January 25, 2013, Chambliss announced that he would not seek reelection in 2014. Chambliss was born in Warrenton, North Carolina, the son of Emma Baker and Alfred Parker Chambliss, Jr. an Episcopal minister. He graduated from C. E. Byrd High School in Shreveport, Louisiana, in 1961, he attended Louisiana Tech University from 1961–1962 and earned a bachelor's degree in Business Administration from the University of Georgia in 1966, working his way through college at a bakery in Athens. He received his Juris Doctor from the University of Tennessee College of Law in 1968, he is a member of the Sigma Chi Fraternity. During the Vietnam War, Chambliss received student deferments and was given a medical deferment for bad knees due to a football injury. Chambliss is a member of St. Mark's Anglican Church in Georgia, he married Julianne Frohbert in 1966 and they have two children and six grandchildren.
Chambliss's son, Bo, was a registered lobbyist for the Chicago Mercantile Exchange and lobbied on commodity futures trading issues that fall under legislative jurisdiction of the Senate Agriculture Committee, of which the Senator was a member. The Senator's office enacted a policy that prevented Bo from lobbying his staff. Chambliss was elected to the U. S. House of Representatives in 1994 as one of the new conservative Republican congressmen whose elections caused the party to gain a majority in both houses of Congress. A long-time Congressman and fellow Georgian, Newt Gingrich, was the leader of the movement, Chambliss and the other Republicans elected that year are known as the Class of'94. Chambliss was elected from the Macon-based 8th District, after six-term incumbent J. Roy Rowland retired, he was elected with 63% of the vote—an unexpectedly large margin since the 8th had never elected a Republican. He faced a tough re-election fight in 1996 against Macon attorney Jim Wiggins, but breezed to reelection in 1998 and 2000.
During his four terms in the House, Chambliss served on the United States House of Representatives Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence and chaired the House Intelligence Subcommittee on Terrorism and Homeland Security. Less than a month after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, the House Intelligence Subcommittee on Terrorism and Homeland Security, which Chambliss chaired, investigated intelligence issues related to the attacks; the committee's investigation resulted in the first comprehensive report detailing critical shortfalls within the United States intelligence community's performance and technological capabilities. Chambliss was criticized for remarks he made during a November 19, 2001 meeting with first responders in Valdosta, where he said that homeland security would be improved by turning the sheriff loose to "arrest every Muslim that crosses the state line." Chambliss apologized for the remarks. In 2006, Chambliss was among several congressional Republicans and Democrats who returned campaign donations from Jack Abramoff.
As a Representative, Chambliss sponsored 21 bills, including: H. R. 2335, a bill to exempt from solid waste designation resources that are recycled, introduced September 14, 1995 H. R. 3380, a bill to treat crimes committed by active duty military personnel outside of American jurisdiction as crimes committed in American jurisdiction if such crime would result in imprisonment for more than one year, introduced November 16, 1999 H. R. 4296, a bill to adjust monetary penalties for hunting migratory birds, introduced April 13, 2000 H. R. 4790, a bill to require federal lands to be open to recreational hunting except if those lands are used for national security purposes or if state laws prohibit such hunting, June 29, 2000, reintroduced in the 107th Congress as H. R. 5612, in the 108th Congress as S. 1204, in the 109th Congress as S. 1522, in the 110th Congress as S. 408, in the 111th Congress as S. 1348. H. R. 5480, a bill to terminate and adjust quotas for certain types of tobacco, to create a tobacco advisory board in the Department of Agriculture, to establish a trust fund and program to provide financial aid to certain tobacco farmers to help them transition to the free market, introduced September 26, 2000.
H. R. 5480's provisions were included in the Fair and Equitable Tobacco Reform Act, part of the American Jobs Creation Act of 2004. Upon urging from Karl Rove and the Bush administration who viewed the Democratic party of Georgia as vulnerable, Chambliss ran for the Senate in 2002, facing freshman Democratic incumbent Max Cleland. Chambliss's political career would have ended if he hadn't ru
Georgia State Route 33
State Route 33 is an 81-mile-long state highway that travels south-to-north through portions of Thomas, Colquitt and Crisp counties in the south-central part of the U. S. state of Georgia. The highway travels from its southern terminus, an intersection with US 84/SR 38 in Boston, to its northern terminus, an intersection with US 41/SR 7 north of Wenona, it travels through Moultrie and Sylvester. SR 33 begins at an intersection with US 84/SR 38 in Boston; the highway travels north-northeast to Pavo. After a brief concurrency in Pavo with SR 122, SR 33 travels to the north-northwest. In the southern part of Moultrie, SR 33 begins a concurrency with US 319 Bus. on Thomasville Road. The two highways travel north, through downtown Moultrie. North of the city, US 319 Bus. ends, after a brief concurrency with SR 133, SR 33 continues north to Sylvester. In Sylvester, SR 33 has a brief concurrency with SR 112 before departing and continuing north to meet its northern terminus, an intersection with US 41/SR 7 just north of Wenona, south of Cordele.
SR 33 was established at least as early as 1919, from Thomasville northeast and north-northwet to Sylvester. At this time, SR 35 was established from the Florida state line south-southeast of Quitman to SR 33 in Moultrie. By the end of September 1921, the northern terminus of SR 33 was proposed to be extended north-northeast to SR 7 south of Cordele; the northern terminus of SR 35 was truncated to SR 33 in Pavo. By October 1926, the segment of SR 33 from Thomasville to Moultrie was shifted eastward to SR 35's former path from the Florida state line to Quitman, from Quitman north-northwest and northwest to Moultrie; the segment of SR 35 from the Florida state line to Moultrie was shifted westward to SR 33's former path from Thomasville to Moultrie. The northern terminus of SR 33 was extended on its proposed path, from Sylvester to the Cordele area. US 41 was designated on SR 7 in the Cordele area. By October 1929, the northern terminus of SR 35 was extended north-northwest and north-northeast to Sylvester, replacing the Moultrie–Sylvester segment of SR 33, splitting SR 33 into two parts.
By June 1930, the northern terminus of SR 35 was truncated to Moultrie, replaced by an extension of SR 33, which eliminated its split. In the first quarter of 1937, the entire length of SR 33 that existed at the time had a "completed hard surface". In the third quarter of 1939, SR 133 was extended on SR 35 south of Moultrie, south-southeast to SR 122 in Pavo, south-southwest to US 84/SR 38 in Boston. In the second quarter of 1941, US 319 was designated on SR 35/SR 133 south of Moultrie and on all of SR 33 north of Moultrie. Between January 1945 and November 1946, US 319 was shifted eastward, off of SR 33, onto SR 35. Between September 1953 and June 1954, the entire extension of SR 133, from Boston to Moultrie, was hard surfaced. In 1993, the path of SR 33 from Florida to Moultrie was shifted westward, replacing the Boston–Moultrie segment of SR 133, its former segment was redesignated as SR 333, from the Florida state line to north of New Rock Hill, an eastern rerouting of SR 133, from north of New Rock Hill to Moultrie.
State Route 33 Connector is a 1.8-mile-long connector route near Cordele. SR 33 Conn. connects the SR 33 mainline, in Wenona, as well as US 41/SR 7, with Interstate 75, via Rockhouse Road. SR 33 Conn. begins at an intersection with the SR 33 mainline in Wenona. It travels to the east-northeast for 0.2 miles, to an intersection with US 41/SR 7. It continues to the east-northeast and crosses over some railroad tracks of Norfolk Southern Railway, it curves to the east, resumes its east-northeast direction. At an interchange with I-75, SR 33 Conn. ends, Rockhouse Road continues to the east-northeast. Between Augusta 1950 and January 1952, Rockhouse Road was established on this path. In 1978, SR 33 Conn. was established on its current path. The entire route is in Crisp County. Georgia portal U. S. roads portal Media related to Georgia State Route 33 at Wikimedia Commons
United States Senate
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprises the legislature of the United States. The Senate chamber is located in the north wing of the Capitol, in Washington, D. C; the composition and powers of the Senate are established by Article One of the United States Constitution. The Senate is composed of senators; each state, regardless of its population size, is represented by two senators who serve staggered terms of six years. There being at present 50 states in the Union, there are presently 100 senators. From 1789 until 1913, senators were appointed by legislatures of the states; as the upper chamber of Congress, the Senate has several powers of advice and consent which are unique to it. These include the approval of treaties, the confirmation of Cabinet secretaries, Supreme Court justices, federal judges, flag officers, regulatory officials, other federal executive officials and other federal uniformed officers.
In addition to these, in cases wherein no candidate receives a majority of electors for Vice President, the duty falls to the Senate to elect one of the top two recipients of electors for that office. Furthermore, the Senate has the responsibility of conducting the trials of those impeached by the House; the Senate is considered both a more deliberative and more prestigious body than the House of Representatives due to its longer terms, smaller size, statewide constituencies, which led to a more collegial and less partisan atmosphere. The presiding officer of the Senate is the Vice President of the United States, President of the Senate. In the Vice President's absence, the President Pro Tempore, customarily the senior member of the party holding a majority of seats, presides over the Senate. In the early 20th century, the practice of majority and minority parties electing their floor leaders began, although they are not constitutional officers; the drafters of the Constitution created a bicameral Congress as a compromise between those who felt that each state, since it was sovereign, should be represented, those who felt the legislature must directly represent the people, as the House of Commons did in Great Britain.
This idea of having one chamber represent people while the other gives equal representation to states regardless of population, was known as the Connecticut Compromise. There was a desire to have two Houses that could act as an internal check on each other. One was intended to be a "People's House" directly elected by the people, with short terms obliging the representatives to remain close to their constituents; the other was intended to represent the states to such extent as they retained their sovereignty except for the powers expressly delegated to the national government. The Senate was thus not designed to serve the people of the United States equally; the Constitution provides that the approval of both chambers is necessary for the passage of legislation. First convened in 1789, the Senate of the United States was formed on the example of the ancient Roman Senate; the name is derived from Latin for council of elders. James Madison made the following comment about the Senate: In England, at this day, if elections were open to all classes of people, the property of landed proprietors would be insecure.
An agrarian law would soon take place. If these observations be just, our government ought to secure the permanent interests of the country against innovation. Landholders ought to have a share in the government, to support these invaluable interests, to balance and check the other, they ought to be so constituted. The Senate, ought to be this body. Article Five of the Constitution stipulates that no constitutional amendment may be created to deprive a state of its equal suffrage in the Senate without that state's consent; the District of Columbia and all other territories are not entitled to representation allowed to vote in either House of the Congress. The District of Columbia elects two "shadow U. S. Senators", but they are officials of the D. C. City Government and not members of the U. S. Senate; the United States has had 50 states since 1959, thus the Senate has had 100 senators since 1959. The disparity between the most and least populous states has grown since the Connecticut Compromise, which granted each state two members of the Senate and at least one member of the House of Representatives, for a total minimum of three presidential electors, regardless of population.
In 1787, Virginia had ten times the population of Rhode Island, whereas today California has 70 times the population of Wyoming, based on the 1790 and 2000 censuses. This means some citizens are two orders of magnitude better represented in the Senate than those in other states. Seats in the House of Representatives are proportionate to the population of each state, reducing the disparity of representation. Before the adoption of the Seventeenth Amendment in 1913, senators were elected by the individual state legislatures. Problems with repeated vacant seats due to the inability of a legislature to elect senators, intrastate political struggles, bribery and intimidation had led to a growing movement to amend the Constitution to allow for the direct election of senators; the party composition of the Senate during the 116th Congress: Art
Georgia's 8th congressional district
Georgia's 8th congressional district is a congressional district in the U. S. state of Georgia. The district is represented by Republican Austin Scott, though the district's boundaries have been redrawn following the 2010 census, which granted an additional congressional seat to Georgia; the first election using the new district boundaries were the 2012 congressional elections. The district is located in central and south-central Georgia, stretches from the geographical center of the state to the Florida border; the district includes the cities of Warner Robins, Thomasville and portions of Macon and Valdosta. Atkinson Ben Hill Berrien Bibb Bleckley Brooks Colquitt Cook Dodge Houston Irwin Jones Lanier Lowndes Monroe Pulaski Telfair Thomas Tift Turner Twiggs Wilcox Wilkinson Worth A Republican mid-decade redistricting made this Macon-based district more compact and somewhat more Republican. Incumbent Marshall faced a tough challenge by former U. S. Representative Mac Collins, who represented an adjoining district from 1993 to 2005.
Less than 60 percent of the population in Marshall’s present 3rd District was retained in the new 8th District. The reconfigured 8th includes Butts County, the political base of Collins, who once served as chair of the county commission. On the other hand, the 8th includes all of the city of Macon where Marshall served as mayor from 1995 until 1999; the race featured heavy spending, not only by the candidates themselves but from independent groups. During the campaign, President George W. Bush attended a rally on Collins' behalf; as of November 2018, there are six former members of the U. S. House of Representatives from Georgia's 8th congressional district who are living at this time. Georgia's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present PDF map of Georgia's 8th district at nationalatlas.gov Georgia's 8th district at GovTrack.us
Withlacoochee River (Suwannee River tributary)
The Withlacoochee River originates in Georgia, northwest of Nashville, Georgia. It flows south through Berrien County where it joins the New River and forms part of the boundary between Berrien and Cook counties, it flows south into Lowndes County, Georgia. At Troupville, Georgia the Little River joins the Withlacoochee River flows continues to flow south and forms part of the boundary between Lowndes and Brooks counties in Georgia; the river flows into Florida for 1.34 miles Florida before returning into Georgia for an additional 2.44 miles. It returns to Florida, forming the northeast boundary of Madison County and the western boundary of Hamilton County and merges with the Suwannee at Suwannee River State Park west of Live Oak; the river is 115 miles long. It is believed to be the source for the name of the central Florida river of the same name; the Withlacoochee River received its name from the Muskogean peoples. It comes from the compound Creek word ue-rakkuce, from ue "water", rakko "big", -uce "small", with the rough translation "little river."
English speakers changed the Muskogee voiceless lateral spelled r to "thl". Withlacoochee River Canoe Trail at Florida Department of Environmental Protection Rivers that flow north at EcoFlorida Withlacoochee River: Georgia State Line to Suwannee River State Park at Trails.com
Doerun is a city in Colquitt County, United States. The population was 774 at the 2010 census. A post office called Doerun has been in operation since 1895; the Georgia General Assembly incorporated the place in 1899 as the "Town of Doerun". The community was named for a deer run near the original town site. Doerun is located at 31°19′12″N 83°55′0″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.3 square miles, of which 1.3 square miles is land and 0.79% is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 828 people, 343 households, 221 families residing in the city; the population density was 658.3 people per square mile. There were 385 housing units at an average density of 306.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 54.11% White, 43.48% African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.85% from other races, 1.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.45% of the population. There were 343 households out of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 17.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.3% were non-families.
32.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.06. In the city, the population was spread out with 27.4% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $25,577, the median income for a family was $35,278. Males had a median income of $28,125 versus $21,250 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,627. About 19.8% of families and 26.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.9% of those under age 18 and 19.7% of those age 65 or over. Doerun Elementary School is located within the city limits of Doerun. DES is administered by the Colquitt County School District. Doerun is served by Colquitt County High School
Colquitt is a city in Miller County, in the southwestern portion of the U. S. state of Georgia. The population was 1,939 at the 2000 census. Colquitt is the county seat of Miller County, a role it has held since just after Miller County was created by the Georgia Legislature in 1856; the city formally incorporated on December 19, 1860, is Miller County's only incorporated municipality. Colquitt is named for U. S. Congressman and Senator, Walter Terry Colquitt; the Colquitt Town Square Historic District was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1983. Colquitt is located at 31°10′23″N 84°43′43″W; the city is located along U. S. Route 27, Georgia State Route 45, Georgia State Route 91 in southwestern Georgia. Colquitt is located 90 mi south of Columbus, 44 mi southwest of Albany, 57 mi northwest of Tallahassee, Florida. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.3 square miles, of which 8.2 square miles is land and 0.12% is water. There are two Colquitt Theatres in Colquitt, Georgia: The Cotton Hall Theatre is located in a former cotton warehouse at 158 East Main Street.
It is home to Swamp Gravy, the "Official Folk Life Play of Georgia". The show is produced by the Colquitt-Miller Arts Council, using upwards of sixty volunteer actors and a professional production crew. Hunter Theatre the Colquitt Theatre, is located on North 1st Street in the Hunter Building, it has undergone a renovation in recent years. In December 2003, the musical play "A Southern Christmas Carol" by award-winning playwright Rob Lauer, made its world premiere at Colquitt's Cotton Hall Theatre. Featuring a New York City-based cast of professional actors, the show was a critical and box-office success; the show was presented at Cotton Hall again in 2004 and 2005—attracting Holiday season tourists to Colquitt from throughout the south-eastern U. S. "A Southern Christmas Carol" has, in the years since, become an increasing popular Holiday season show, produced by theatres throughout the south-eastern United States. Colquitt was named Georgia's First Mural City by the state legislature, hosted the Global Mural Conference in 2010.
Colquitt is a stop on the Trail of the Whispering Giants. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,992 people residing in the city; the racial makeup of the city was 50.4% White, 45.9% Black, 0.2% Native American, 1.0% Asian and 0.7% from two or more races. 2.0% were Hispanic or Latino of any race. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,939 people, 772 households, 501 families residing in the city; the population density was 235.0 people per square mile. There were 868 housing units at an average density of 105.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 55.65% White, 43.63% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.05% Asian, 0.05% from other races, 0.36% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.31% of the population. There were 772 households out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.4% were married couples living together, 22.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.0% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.92. In the city, the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, 24.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 78.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 69.8 males. The median income for a household in the city was $24,792, the median income for a family was $31,413. About 21.3% of families and 26.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.0% of those under age 18 and 25.5% of those age 65 or over. Colquitt is part of the Miller County School District, it is served by: Miller County Elementary School Miller County Middle School Miller County High School Colquitt is home to the Miller County - James W. Merritt, Jr. Memorial Library; the library serves the citizens of Miller County with a collection of print and audiovisual materials. The library is located at 259 E.
Main Street in Colquitt. Peter Zack Geer, Lieutenant Governor of Georgia from 1963–1967 Brandon Miller, National Football League player with the Atlanta Falcons and Seattle Seahawks Keyon Nash, professional football player with the Oakland Raiders, as well as the Rhein Fire of NFL Europe, the Canadian Football League's Toronto Argonauts Gordie Richardson, Major League Baseball player with the St. Louis Cardinals and New York Mets. City of Colquitt official website of Colquitt- Miller County Chamber of Commerce Miller County - James W. Merritt, Jr. Memorial Library official website of Swamp Gravy founded by Joy Jinks Official website of Miller County liberal newspaper founded in 1897 by Zula Cook Brown Toole Miller County School System Official website of schools serving the City of Colquitt and Miller County