Columbia (1871 yacht)

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Columbia
Jsj-024-columbia.jpg
Columbia, winner of the 1871 America's Cup, as it appeared in the 1890s.
Yacht club New York Yacht Club
Nation United States
Designer(s)Joseph B. Van Deusen
BuilderJoseph B. Van Deusen
Launched1871
Owner(s)Franklin Osgood
FateDeclared lost 1923
Racing career
SkippersAndrew J. Comstock
Notable victories1871 America's Cup (with Sappho)
America's Cup1871
Specifications
Displacement220 tons
Length112 ft (34 m) (LOA)
96.5 ft (29.4 m) (LWL)
Beam25.4 ft (7.7 m)
Draft5.9 ft (1.8 m)
Sail area10,225 sq ft (949.9 m2)

Columbia was one of the two yachts to successfully defend the second America's Cup race in 1871 against English challenger Livonia.

Design[edit]

Columbia was a wooden centerboard schooner designed and built in 1871 by Joseph B. Van Deusen in Chester, PA for owner Franklin Osgood of the New York Yacht Club. She was later purchased by Henry Flagler.

Career[edit]

Skippered by Andrew J. Comstock, Columbia won the first two 1871 best-of-seven races against Livonia. She was beaten by Livonia in the third race, in which Columbia, damaged from the second race, was skippered by Horatio Nelson "Nelse" Comstock, she was the first America's Cup defender to concede a win to the challenger. As Columbia was further damaged in this third race, she was unable to compete in the final races; the yacht Sappho substituted and won the America's Cup for the second time for the U.S.

Columbia ended her racing career in 1908, when she was dismasted and used as a houseboat in Brooklyn Harbor on the East River. Three years later she was rebuilt and sailed as a cruiser out of Newport News, VA. In 1920, Columbia was bought by a fisherman, she was declared lost in 1923.

References and external links[edit]

  • "America's Cup's Ac-clopaedia – Columbia". Archived from the original on February 22, 2010. Retrieved 2009-11-04.
  • The 19th Century Yacht Photography of J.S. Johnston