Joseph F. Bianco
Joseph Frank Bianco is a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York and a nominee to be a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. Bianco was born in New York, he received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Georgetown University in 1988, a Juris Doctor from Columbia Law School in 1991. He was a law clerk to Judge Peter K. Leisure of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York from 1992 to 1993, he became an associate at Simpson, Thacher & Bartlett, where he worked for one year. From 1994 to 2003, Bianco served as an Assistant United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York. From 2003 -- 2004, he was counsel at Plimpton. Before becoming a judge, Bianco was senior counsel and a Deputy Assistant Attorney General of the United States Department of Justice Criminal Division. Bianco taught as an adjunct professor at Fordham University School of Law from 2002 to 2004.
From 2009 to 2013, he was an adjunct at the Maurice A. Deane School of Law, he was an adjunct professor of law at Touro Law Center from 2007–2014. He has taught as an adjunct at the St. John's University School of Law since 2006, he earned a Master of Arts from the Seminary of the Immaculate Conception in 2013, is an ordained Roman Catholic deacon. Bianco is a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York. Bianco was nominated by President George W. Bush on July 28, 2005, to a seat vacated by Denis Reagan Hurley, he was confirmed by the United States Senate on December 21, 2005, received his commission on January 3, 2006. As a district court judge, Bianco has overseen a number of murder cases against MS-13 gang members. On October 10, 2018, President Donald Trump announced his intent to nominate Bianco to the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. On November 13, 2018, his nomination was sent to the Senate. President Trump nominated Bianco to the seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit vacated by Judge Reena Raggi, who took senior status on August 31, 2018.
On November 13, 2018, the American Bar Association unanimously rated Bianco as "Well Qualified," its highest rating. On January 3, 2019, his nomination was returned to the President under Rule XXXI, Paragraph 6 of the United States Senate. On January 23, 2019, President Trump announced his intent to renominate Bianco to a federal judgeship, his nomination was sent to the Senate that day. On February 13, 2019, a hearing on his nomination was held before the Senate Judiciary Committee. On March 7, 2019, his nomination was reported out of committee by a party line 12–10 vote, his nomination is pending before the full United States Senate. Bianco has six children. Joseph F. Bianco at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center. Biography at U. S. District Court
Lee Carroll Bollinger is an American lawyer and educator, serving as the 19th president of Columbia University. The president of the University of Michigan, he is a noted legal scholar of the First Amendment and freedom of speech, he was at the center of two notable United States Supreme Court cases regarding the use of affirmative action in admissions processes. In July 2010, Bollinger was appointed Chair of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York board of directors for 2011, he had served as Deputy Chair. Bollinger was born in Santa Rosa, the son of Patricia Mary and Lee C. Bollinger, he was raised there and in Oregon. Bollinger spent a year as an exchange student in Brazil with AFS Intercultural Programs, he received his B. S. in political science from the University of Oregon, where he became a brother of Theta Chi Fraternity, his Juris Doctor from Columbia Law School. He served as a law clerk to Judge Wilfred Feinberg of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit and Chief Justice Warren Burger of the Supreme Court.
Bollinger went on to join the faculty of the University of Michigan Law School in 1973, becoming dean of the school in 1987. He became provost of Dartmouth College in 1994 before returning to the University of Michigan in 1996 as president. Bollinger assumed his current position as president of Columbia University in June 2002. On October 19, 2010, the Board of Trustees announced through a university-wide email that Bollinger has agreed to continue as president for at least the next five years; the board explained as the rationale for its decision to extend Bollinger's contract: "Columbia is thriving on many levels today, is well positioned for the long-term both locally and globally, because of Lee’s distinctive vision of the university’s vital role in serving our society. But we still have much work to do in building on this extraordinary forward momentum in the years ahead and therefore have every reason to maintain the continuity of Lee's principled leadership." In 2003, while serving as president of the University of Michigan, Bollinger made headlines as the named defendant in the Supreme Court cases Grutter v. Bollinger and Gratz v. Bollinger.
In the Grutter case, the Court found by a 5–4 margin that the affirmative action policies of the University of Michigan Law School were constitutional. But at the same time, it found by a 6–3 margin in the Gratz case that the undergraduate admissions policies of Michigan were not narrowly tailored to a compelling interest in diversity, thus that they violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. In 2006, affirmative action in university admissions in the state of Michigan was banned by a ballot initiative known as the Michigan Civil Rights Initiative; as president, Bollinger has attempted to expand the international scope of the University, taking frequent trips abroad and inviting world leaders to its campus. Bollinger has been criticized for taking a neutral public position on controversies regarding the Middle East Languages and Cultures department and for placing the department in receivership, he has been the subject of criticism for his role in advocating the expansion of the university into the Manhattanville neighborhood and the possible use of eminent domain to help it seize property there.
The Bollinger administration's expansion plans have been criticized as fundamentally incompatible with the 197/a plan for development crafted by the community, for failing to address the neighborhood's need to maintain affordable housing stock. President Bollinger has lived in the Columbia President's House since February 2004, after the building underwent a $23 million renovation. In 2008, his salary was $1.7 million. In 2013, Bollinger's total compensation was $4.6 million, making him the highest paid private college president in the United States. In November 2006, Bollinger was elected to the Board of Directors of the Federal Reserve Bank in New York City, a term lasting for three years. Columbia invited Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad to speak at the World Leaders Forum on September 24, 2007. A number of local and national politicians denounced Columbia for hosting Ahmadinejad. Bollinger described the event as part of "Columbia's long-standing tradition of serving as a major forum for robust debate on global issues."
Bollinger released a statement outlining his introduction, explaining to the student body that the free speech afforded to Ahmadinejad was for the sake of the students and the faculty rather than for the benefit of Ahmadinejad himself, whom Bollinger referred to as "exhibiting all the signs of a petty and cruel dictator." Bollinger was criticized by students at Columbia's School of International and Public Affairs, but praised by Bob Kerrey who said that Bollinger "turned what could have been an embarrassment for higher education into something quite positive." On July 14, 2010, he wrote an article for The Wall Street Journal calling for the American government to subsidize its journalists. Bollinger is married to artist Jean Magnano Bollinger, they have five grandchildren. Bollinger's family is Catholic. In addition to his academic and administrative positions, Bollinger has written many articles and books on the subject of free speech; the Tolerant Society: Freedom of Speech and Extremist Speech in America ISBN 0-19-504000-7 Images of a Free Press ISBN 0-226-06349-6 Eternally Vigilant: Free Speech in the Modern Era ISBN 0-226-06353-4 Uninhibited and Wide-Open: A Free Press for a New Cent
Justin Edward Fairfax is an American politician and lawyer, serving since 2018 as the 41st Lieutenant Governor of Virginia. A member of the Democratic Party, he defeated Republican nominee Jill Vogel in the 2017 election, he is the second African American elected statewide, following Douglas Wilder. Fairfax moved with his family from Pittsburgh to Northeast Washington, D. C. when he was five years old. One of four children, Fairfax graduated from DeMatha Catholic High School in Hyattsville, where he was senior class president. Fairfax graduated from Duke University in 2000, with a degree in public policy, he was a briefing coordinator for Tipper Gore during the 2000 presidential campaign of Al Gore, in the campaign's Nashville, Tennessee office. Fairfax was a staffer for Senator John Edwards of North Carolina, in the senator's Washington office. After serving on the staff of the Senate Judiciary Committee for two years, Fairfax attended Columbia Law School, where he was a member of the Columbia Law Review.
Over the summer of 2004, he joined the John Kerry presidential campaign, as a body man for John Edwards. He served as law clerk to Judge Gerald Bruce Lee of the U. S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia in 2005, he worked in the Washington office of the law firm WilmerHale before joining the U. S. Attorney's Office for the Eastern District of Virginia in 2010. Fairfax worked for two years as a federal prosecutor in Virginia, he served as deputy coordinator of the Northern Virginia Human Trafficking Task Force during this time. Fairfax ran for public office for the first time in 2013, seeking the Democratic nomination for state attorney general, he surprised party insiders with his strong performance in the primary. Herring defeated Fairfax by about 4,500 votes out of 141,600 cast in a closer-than-expected race; the Washington Post praised both candidates during the primary, but endorsed Fairfax, writing that he had displayed "an agile and impressive command of the issues with a prosecutor's passion for justice."After the race, Fairfax co-chaired the 2014 reelection campaign of U.
S. Senator Mark Warner from Virginia; the following year, he was recruited to work at the law firm of Venable LLP, in the firm's Tysons, Virginia office. Fairfax works for Morrison & Foerster, a law firm which elevated him to the rank of Partner in September 2018. In 2017, Fairfax ran for Lieutenant Governor of Virginia. In the Democratic primaries, he faced Gene Rossi, a federal prosecutor, who had trained Fairfax when they worked together in Alexandria's Eastern District federal court, Susan Platt, a political lobbyist and consultant, who had served as chief of staff to Joe Biden in the 1990s. Citing their unease with Dominion Energy's planned construction of the Atlantic Coast Pipeline, all three candidates in the Democratic primary pledged to refuse campaign contributions from Dominion Energy, despite the company being the largest contributor to Virginia political campaigns for both Republicans and Democrats. Although early polling showed Platt in the lead, Fairfax outraised both of his opponents and proved victorious in the primary election, carrying about 49% of the vote.
Fairfax faced Republican nominee Jill Vogel, a state senator from Fauquier County, in the general election. Fairfax and Vogel raised comparable amounts of money for their campaigns—$3.9 million and $3.7 million, respectively. A forum between Fairfax and Vogel was held at Piedmont Community College on August 9, 2017 and a debate between the two candidates was held at the University of Richmond on October 5. Noting that Fairfax had been unknown when he ran for Attorney General four years earlier, The Washington Post wrote that Fairfax had transitioned from "party crasher" to "party insider" in the time since, having "methodically done the work necessary to raise his profile and pay dues." The Washington Post went onto endorse Fairfax in the race, calling him "bright, well-versed" and "the much better choice". Fairfax's opposition to the Atlantic Coast and Mountain Valley pipelines led to him being omitted from a small number of campaign flyers that were distributed by the campaign for Democratic gubernatorial nominee Ralph Northam.
These flyers were released at the request of Laborers' International Union of North America, which supports the pipeline - LIUNA had endorsed Northam, but not Fairfax. As Fairfax is black, while Northam and Herring are both white, some activists criticized the Northam campaign's decision to accommodate LIUNA's request. Fairfax responded to the controversy by saying, "This should not have happened, it should not happen again, there needs to be robust investment in making sure that we are communicating with African American voters and we are engaging our base." The Fairfax campaign remarked that the Democratic ticket was "working well together", adding "One piece of literature does not change that." All houses that received the LIUNA flyers received standard campaign flyers including Fairfax. In the final days of the campaign, former Virginia governor Douglas Wilder weighed in on the flyer controversy, saying that Fairfax had not "been dealt a good hand". Wilder never endorsed Northam; as the election drew to a close and Vogel aired attack ads against each other.
Fairfax won the election by 5.5%. He is only the second African-American in Virginia history to be elected to statewide office. Th
U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission
The U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission is an independent agency of the United States federal government; the SEC holds primary responsibility for enforcing the federal securities laws, proposing securities rules, regulating the securities industry, the nation's stock and options exchanges, other activities and organizations, including the electronic securities markets in the United States. In addition to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, which created it, the SEC enforces the Securities Act of 1933, the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, the Investment Company Act of 1940, the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, the Sarbanes–Oxley Act of 2002, other statutes; the SEC was created by Section 4 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1933. The SEC has a three-part mission: to protect investors. To achieve its mandate, the SEC enforces the statutory requirement that public companies and other regulated companies submit quarterly and annual reports, as well as other periodic reports. In addition to annual financial reports, company executives must provide a narrative account, called the "management discussion and analysis", that outlines the previous year of operations and explains how the company fared in that time period.
MD&A will also touch on the upcoming year, outlining future goals and approaches to new projects. In an attempt to level the playing field for all investors, the SEC maintains an online database called EDGAR online from which investors can access this and other information filed with the agency. Quarterly and semiannual reports from public companies are crucial for investors to make sound decisions when investing in the capital markets. Unlike banking, investment in the capital markets is not guaranteed by the federal government; the potential for big gains needs to be weighed against that of sizable losses. Mandatory disclosure of financial and other information about the issuer and the security itself gives private individuals as well as large institutions the same basic facts about the public companies they invest in, thereby increasing public scrutiny while reducing insider trading and fraud; the SEC makes reports available to the public through the EDGAR system. The SEC offers publications on investment-related topics for public education.
The same online system takes tips and complaints from investors to help the SEC track down violators of the securities laws. The SEC adheres to a strict policy of never commenting on the existence or status of an ongoing investigation. Prior to the enactment of the federal securities laws and the creation of the SEC, there existed so-called blue sky laws, they were enacted and enforced at the state level and regulated the offering and sale of securities to protect the public from fraud. Though the specific provisions of these laws varied among states, they all required the registration of all securities offerings and sales, as well as of every U. S. stockbroker and brokerage firm. However, these blue sky laws were found to be ineffective. For example, the Investment Bankers Association told its members as early as 1915 that they could "ignore" blue sky laws by making securities offerings across state lines through the mail. After holding hearings on abuses on interstate frauds, Congress passed the Securities Act of 1933, which regulates interstate sales of securities at the federal level.
The subsequent Securities Exchange Act of 1934 regulates sales of securities in the secondary market. Section 4 of the 1934 act created the U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission to enforce the federal securities laws; the Securities Act of 1933 is known as the "Truth in Securities Act" and the "Federal Securities Act", or just the "1933 Act". Its goal was to increase public trust in the capital markets by requiring uniform disclosure of information about public securities offerings; the primary drafters of 1933 Act were Huston Thompson, a former Federal Trade Commission chairman, Walter Miller and Ollie Butler, two attorneys in the Commerce Department's Foreign Service Division, with input from Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis. For the first year of the law's enactment, the enforcement of the statute rested with the Federal Trade Commission, but this power was transferred to the SEC following its creation in 1934. In 1934, Roosevelt named his friend Joseph P. Kennedy, a self-made multimillionaire financier and a leader among the Irish-American community, as the insider-as-chairman who knew Wall Street well enough to clean it up.
Two of the other five commissioners were Ferdinand Pecora. Kennedy added a number of intelligent young lawyers, including William O. Douglas and Abe Fortas, both of whom became Supreme Court justices. Kennedy's team defined the mission and operating mode for the SEC, making full use of its wide range of legal powers; the SEC had four missions. First and most important was to restore investor confidence in the securities market, which had collapsed because of doubts about its internal integrity, fears of the external threats posed by anti-business elements in the Roosevelt administration. Second, in terms of integrity, the SEC had to get rid of the penny-ante swindles based on fake i
Outline of academic disciplines
An academic discipline or field of study is a branch of knowledge and researched as part of higher education. A scholar's discipline is defined by the university faculties and learned societies to which she or he belongs and the academic journals in which she or he publishes research. Disciplines vary between well-established ones that exist in all universities and have well-defined rosters of journals and conferences and nascent ones supported by only a few universities and publications. A discipline may have branches, these are called sub-disciplines. There is no consensus on how some academic disciplines should be classified, for example whether anthropology and linguistics are disciplines of the social sciences or of the humanities; the following outline is provided as topical guide to academic disciplines. Biblical studies Religious studies Biblical Hebrew, Biblical Greek, Aramaic Buddhist theology Christian theology Anglican theology Baptist theology Catholic theology Eastern Orthodox theology Protestant theology Hindu theology Jewish theology Muslim theology Biological anthropology Linguistic anthropology Cultural anthropology Social anthropology Archaeology Accounting Business management Finance Marketing Operations management Edaphology Environmental chemistry Environmental science Gemology Geochemistry Geodesy Physical geography Atmospheric science / Meteorology Biogeography / Phytogeography Climatology / Paleoclimatology / Palaeogeography Coastal geography / Oceanography Edaphology / Pedology or Soil science Geobiology Geology Geostatistics Glaciology Hydrology / Limnology / Hydrogeology Landscape ecology Quaternary science Geophysics Paleontology Paleobiology Paleoecology Astrobiology Astronomy Observational astronomy Gamma ray astronomy Infrared astronomy Microwave astronomy Optical astronomy Radio astronomy UV astronomy X-ray astronomy Astrophysics Gravitational astronomy Black holes Interstellar medium Numerical simulations Astrophysical plasma Galaxy formation and evolution High-energy astrophysics Hydrodynamics Magnetohydrodynamics Star formation Physical cosmology Stellar astrophysics Helioseismology Stellar evolution Stellar nucleosynthesis Planetary science Also a branch of electrical engineering Pure mathematics Applied mathematics Astrostatistics Biostatistics Academia Academic genealogy Curriculum Multidisciplinary approach Interdisciplinarity Transdisciplinarity Professions Classification of Instructional Programs Joint Academic Coding System List of fields of doctoral studies in the United States List of academic fields Abbott, Andrew.
Chaos of Disciplines. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-00101-2. Oleson, Alexandra; the Organization of knowledge in modern America, 1860-1920. ISBN 0-8018-2108-8. US Department of Education Institute of Education Sciences. Classification of Instructional Programs. National Center for Education Statistics. Classification of Instructional Programs: Developed by the U. S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics to provide a taxonomic scheme that will support the accurate tracking and reporting of fields of study and program completions activity. Complete JACS from Higher Education Statistics Agency in the United Kingdom Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification Chapter 3 and Appendix 1: Fields of research classification. Fields of Knowledge, a zoomable map allowing the academic disciplines and sub-disciplines in this article be visualised. Sandoz, R. Interactive Historical Atlas of the Disciplines, University of Geneva
Wilfred Feinberg was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit and was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. Born on June 22, 1920, in New York City, New York and of Jewish descent, Feinberg received a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1940 from Columbia University and received a Bachelor of Laws in 1946 from Columbia Law School where he was editor-in-chief of the Columbia Law Review, he was in the United States Army from 1942 to 1945. He was a law clerk for Judge James P. McGranery of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania from 1947 to 1949, he was in private practice in New York City from 1949 to 1961. He was deputy superintendent of the New York State Department of Banks in 1958. Feinberg received a recess appointment from President John F. Kennedy on October 5, 1961, to the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, to a new seat authorized by 75 Stat. 80.
He was nominated to the same position by President Kennedy on January 15, 1962. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on March 16, 1962, received his commission on March 17, 1962, his service terminated on March 1966, due to elevation to the Second Circuit. Feinberg was nominated by President Lyndon B. Johnson on January 19, 1966, to a seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit vacated by Judge Thurgood Marshall, he was confirmed by the Senate on March 4, 1966, received his commission on March 7, 1966. He served as Chief Judge from 1980 to 1988, he was a member of the Judicial Conference of the United States from 1980 to 1988. He assumed senior status on January 31, 1991, he took inactive senior status in 2011. His service terminated on July 2014, due to his death in New York City. Feinberg authored many seminal opinions, including United States v. Miller, which upheld the constitutionality of a federal law prohibiting the burning of draft cards, NLRB v. J. P. Stevens & Co, the labor union case that inspired the movie, Norma Rae, Kelly v. Wyman.
In 2004 Feinberg received the 22nd Annual Edward J. Devitt Distinguished Service to Justice Award, which honors an Article III judge whose career has been exemplary, as measured by the significant contributions to the administration of justice, the advancement of the rule of law, the improvement of society as a whole, he has been awarded the Learned Hand Medal for Excellence in Federal Jurisprudence and the Edward Weinfeld Award. In the pages of the Columbia Law Review, Professor Maurice Rosenberg summarized Feinberg's career, writing "Wilfred Feinberg is the kind of jurist the Founding Fathers must have had in mind when they bestowed life tenure on federal judges, his first twenty-five years on the bench have revealed qualities of mind and conscience that are of the kind most sought after in a judge. Feinberg regards judicial office as a way to serve justice, not as a chance to wield power, and he renders his service superbly -- with intelligence, understanding and craftsmanship. He is animated by a disciplined compassion that flows from a humane mind committed to the law".
Feinberg's former clerks include many law professors, including Lee Bollinger, Thomas Joo, Rachel Moran, Richard Revesz, David Wippman, David Wilkins. C. Feinberg's papers are housed at the Columbia University Rare Manuscript Library. Zippo Mfg. Co. v. Rogers Imports, Inc. 216 F. Supp. 670 American Exp. Warehousing, Limited v. Transamerica Ins. Co. 380 F.2d 277 Kelly v. Wyman, 294 F. Supp. 893 J. P. Stevens & Co. v. N. L. R. B.380 F.2d 292 N. L. R. B. v. J. P. Stevens & Co. Inc.563 F.2d 8 U. S. v. Bethlehem Steel Corp.446 F.2d 652 Goetz v. Ansell,477 F.2d 636 Matter of Andros Compania Maritima, S. A. of Kissavos, 579 F.2d 691 Filártiga v. Peña-Irala, 630 F.2d 876 Independent Bankers Ass'n of New York State, Inc. v. Marine Midland Bank, N. A.757 F.2d 453 Knight v. U. S. Fire Ins. Co.804 F.2d 9 Kaplan v. City of Burlington,891 F.2d 1024 New Era Publications Intern. 904 F. 2d 152 In re Joint Southern Dist. Asbestos Litigation,982 F. 2d 721 In re Joint Southern Dist. Asbestos Litigation,993 F.2d 7 Bellamy v. Cogdell,974 F.2d 302 Atlantic States Legal Foundation, Inc. v. Pan American Tanning Corp.993 F.2d 1017 In re U.
S. 10 F.3d 931 Woods v. Bourne Co. 60 F.3d 978 Hadges v. Yonkers Racing Corp. 48 F.3d 1320 Baker v. Cuomo, 58 F.3d 814 Baker v. Pataki, 85 F.3d 919 Federal Judicial Center Judicial Writing Project, 1989–Present Expediting Review of Felony Convictions, 59 American Bar Association Journal 1025 Foreword: A National Court of Appeals?, 42 Brooklyn Law Review 611
Donald B. Verrilli Jr.
Donald Beaton Verrilli Jr. is an American lawyer who served as the Solicitor General of the United States from 2011 into 2016. He was sworn into the post on June 9, 2011. On June 6, 2011, the United States Senate confirmed Verrilli in a 72–16 vote. President Barack Obama had nominated Verrilli to the post on January 26, 2011. Verrilli served in the Obama administration as the Associate Deputy Attorney General, as Deputy Counsel to the President, he is a partner in the Washington, D. C. office of Munger, Tolles & Olson and a Lecturer at Columbia University Law School, his alma mater. Verrilli was born in New York, in 1957 to Donald and Rose Marie Verrilli. Verrilli graduated from Wilton High School in Wilton, Connecticut, in 1975, he received his B. A. degree cum laude from Yale University and his J. D. degree with honors from Columbia Law School, where he was editor-in-chief of the Columbia Law Review, a James Kent Scholar, a Harlan Fiske Stone Scholar. After graduating from law school, Verrilli served as law clerk to Judge J. Skelly Wright of the U.
S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit from 1983 to 1984 and for Associate Justice William J. Brennan Jr. of the U. S. Supreme Court from 1984 to 1985. Verrilli was a fellow at Columbia University Law School from 1985 to 1986, where he is now a Lecturer in Law, he joined Ennis Friedman & Bersoff, in Washington, in 1986. Then joined Jenner & Block LLP, in 1988, as an associate, became a partner. While working at Jenner & Block, Verrilli was an adjunct professor at American University's Washington College of Law and Georgetown University Law Center. At Jenner & Block, Verrilli specialized in telecommunications and First Amendment law. In 2005, he represented the Recording Industry Association of America before the Supreme Court in MGM Studios, Inc. v. Grokster, Ltd.. In 2007, he represented Viacom in Viacom International Inc. v. YouTube, Inc.. During the same year, he represented RIAA in Capitol v. Thomas and opposed the retrial of the case. Verrilli was appointed by President Barack Obama to become an Associate Deputy Attorney General at the U.
S. Department of Justice and served in this post from February 2009 to January 2010. In February 2010, Verrilli joined the Office of White House Counsel as a senior and deputy counsel to the president. By 2012, Verrilli had participated in more than 100 cases before the Supreme Court, given oral argument in seventeen of those. In addition to Grokster, these include two pro bono cases that were notable in the area of defendants rights. In Wiggins v. Smith, Verrilli argued that his client had been denied effective assistance of counsel. In Montejo v. Louisiana, he unsuccessfully argued that his client's Sixth Amendment rights had been violated when he was questioned after having counsel appointed for him. On January 26, 2011, President Obama nominated Verrilli to succeed Elena Kagan as Solicitor General of the United States. On May 12, 2011, the United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary voted 17-1 to forward Verrilli's nomination to the full Senate. On May 26, 2011, Senate Democrats filed for cloture on Verrilli's nomination.
A cloture vote was withdrawn right. Instead, the Senate on June 6 proceeded straight to an up-or-down vote on Verrilli's nomination. Senators confirmed Verrilli in a 72–16 vote. Verrilli was sworn in on June 9, 2011, became the 46th Solicitor General, he finished his position in June 2016. On March 26, 27 and 28, 2012, Verrilli argued the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act before the Supreme Court, his performance on the 27th, the first involving substantive arguments regarding the constitutionality of the PPACA, was panned as a "disaster" for the Obama administration. However, he was vindicated on June 28, 2012, when the court ruled that the individual mandate and most of the Act was constitutional, albeit as a tax and not as an exercise of Congress’s power under the Commerce Clause, his oral arguments were praised by some who remarked that "court arguments are not television anchor tryouts. CNN legal commentator Jeffrey Toobin, one of Verrilli's strongest critics, apologized on-air and said "This is a day for Don Verrilli to take an enormous amount of credit, for me to eat a bit of crow, because he won, everyone should know that that argument was a winning argument, whatever you thought of it."After hearing his arguments in Shelby County v. Holder, Lincoln Caplan of The New York Times called Verrilli a "lawyer's lawyer" and said that he "isn't showy, but he is a experienced and capable advocate who finds ways to make technical legal arguments that persuade a majority of justices.
While he's not inspiring, he's effective."In early June 2016, Verrilli announced that he would step down as solicitor general. S. history. According to the Oyez Project, Verrilli has argued the following cases before the Supreme Court: United States v. Texas Obergefell v. Hodges Michigan v. Environmental Protection Agency King v. Burwell Texas Dept. of Housing and Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc. Young v. United Parcel Service, Inc. Alabama Legislative Black Caucus v. Alabama Zivotofsky v. Kerry Alice Corporation v. CLS Bank International Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores Utility Air Regulatory Group v. Environmental Protection Agency Harri