Catholic higher education
Catholic higher education includes universities and other institutions of higher education run by the Catholic Church by religious institutes. Those tied to the Holy See are called pontifical universities. By definition, Catholic canon law states that "A Catholic school is understood to be one, under control of the competent ecclesiastical authority or of a public ecclesiastical juridical person, or one which in a written document is acknowledged as Catholic by the ecclesiastical authority". Although some schools are deemed "Catholic" because of their identity and a great number of students enrolled are Catholics, it is stipulated in canon law that "no school if it is in fact Catholic, may bear the title'Catholic school' except by the consent of the competent ecclesiastical authority"; the Dominican Order was "the first order instituted by the Church with an academic mission", founding studia conventualia in every convent of the order, studia generalia at the early European universities such as the University of Bologna and the University of Paris.
In Europe, most universities with medieval history were founded as Catholic. Many of them were rescinded to government authourities in the Modern era. Some, remained Catholic, while new ones were established alongside the public ones; the Catholic Church is still the largest non-governmental provider of higher education in the world. Many of them are still internationally competitive. According to the census of the Vatican's Congregation for Catholic Education, the total number of Catholic universities and higher education institutions around the world is 1,358. On the other hand, the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops counts it at 1,861; the Catholic religious order with the highest number of universities around the world today is the Society of Jesus with 114. Like other private schools, Catholic universities and colleges are nondenominational, in that they accept anyone regardless of religious affiliation, ethnicity, or civil status, provided the admission or enrollment requirements and legal documents are submitted, rules and regulations are obeyed for a fruitful life on campus.
However, non-Catholics, whether Christian or not, may or may not participate in otherwise required campus activities those of a religious nature. Catholic University "Our Lady of Good Counsel", Tirana Catholic University of Angola, Luanda Austral University, Buenos Aires Catholic University of Santiago del Estero, Santiago del Estero Pontifical Catholic University of Argentina, Buenos Aires Saint Thomas Aquinas University of the North, San Miguel de Tucumán Universidad Católica de Córdoba, Cordoba Universidad Católica de Cuyo, San Juan Universidad Católica de La Plata, La Plata Universidad Católica de Salta, Salta Universidad Católica de Santa Fe, Santa Fe Universidad del Salvador, Buenos Aires Universidad FASTA, Mar del Plata Australian Catholic University, 7 campuses Campion College, near Sydney University of Notre Dame Australia, campuses in Fremantle and Broome Benedict XVI Philosophical-Theological University, Heiligenkreuz Catholic-Theological Private University Linz, Linz Catholic University College of Education Graz, Graz.
Guild of St. Stephen
The Guild for Altar Servers or Archconfraternity Guild of St. Stephen was set up in 1904 by Father Hamilton MacDonald as an organisation for altar servers; the patron saints of the Guild are the Blessed Virgin Mary, St. Stephen, St. Thomas More, St. Pius X; the Bronze Medal, after 1 years of serving. The Silver Medal, after 10 years of serving; the Silver Medal of Merit, after 20 years of serving. The Gold Medal, after 50 years of serving. Others The Wooden Cross, Some Parishes have wooden Crosses for Altar Servers have started, before getting their Bronze Medal; the "Centenary" Medal, This medal was commissioned for the Centenary of the Guild in 2004. The Gold Medal of Merit, after 50 years of serving, but enrolled after the age of 13; the Guild of St. Stephen is an international organisation of altar servers founded in England in 1904 by Father Hamilton McDonald when he formed a society of Altars Servers at the Convent of the Sacred Heart in London. In 1905, St. Pius X, Pope gave his approbation to the canonical establishment of the guild at Westminster Cathedral and in 1906, the Sacred Congregation of Rites made the guild an Archconfraternity prima primaria, enabling all the parish branches to be linked with it.
The guild spread and, in 1934, Pope Pius XI enabled all guilds of altar servers throughout the British Commonwealth to be affiliated with the Archconfraternity at Westminster. A confraternity is a sort of club, or society, for people who are interested in the same things and want to do these together; the Catholic Church uses the word'confraternity' as the official name for societies set up in a parish. Another, word instead of'confraternity', guild. An Archconfraternity is a guild, given special power by the Church authorities in Rome, it has special facilities. Because it is an Archconfraternity it can allow other guilds to share in those privileges and facilities; that is. The main Archconfraternity is based in London, it elsewhere affiliated to it. Speaking, only the Guild at Westminster Cathedral should call itself Archconfraternity, but parish Guilds call themselves branches of the Archconfraternity; the objects of the Guild of Saint Stephen are: To encourage and the highest standards of serving at the Church's liturgy and so contribute to the whole community's participation in a more fruitful worship of God.
To provide altar servers with a greater understanding of what they are doing so that they may serve with increasing reverence and prayerfulness and thereby be led to a deepening response to their vocation in life. To unite servers of different parishes and dioceses for their mutual support and encouragement; the Archbishop of Westminster is the Superior General of the Archconfraternity and he appoints a priest to be the National Director of the Guild. A lay Central Council consisting of a Lay President, Vice-President, Secretary and other members assists him in the running of the Guild; the Central Council is responsible for running the business side of the Guild. Many diocesan bishops appoint a Priest Director of the Guild for their own diocese and together these form a National Council of Priest Directors, an advisory body to the National Director; some dioceses have organised their own local Lay Councils to assist the Diocesan Director in furthering the work of the Guild. The Guild may be erected in any parish with the permission of the bishop of the diocese and shall be affiliated to the Archconfraternity at Westminster Cathedral.
Thus, in each parish, while maintaining its objects and keeping the rules of the Archconfraternity, the Guild can be independent in its constitution and organisation. Membership of the Guild is open to any server, without limit of age, who can serve Mass, who has shown a wish to live up to the objects and standards of the Guild. Servers will have been given adequate training and reaches the necessary standard before being admitted to the sanctuary and should serve satisfactorily for a minimum of six months before being enrolled as a member of the Guild; the parish priest, or the local director of the Guild, decides whether a candidate is eligible and worthy of admission to the Guild and he is empowered to perform the ceremony of enrolment and invest the server with the Guild medal, using the prescribed form of enrolment. To serve at the altar with reverence and regularity and with due attention to personal cleanliness and tidiness. To say short prayers in preparation for and in thanksgiving after, serving Mass.
To observe silence in the sacristy and great reverence in the sanctuary. To recite the Guild prayer every day. O God, who graciously accepts the ministry of your servants and allows us to share in the service of your altar, grant that, while serving you, we may follow in the example of our patron, St Stephen, the first martyr, that we may, like him, come to see your Son standing at the right hand of your majesty, so enter into the Kingdom of Our Lord Jesus Christ, who lives and reigns with you in the unity of the Holy Spirit, one God and ever. Amen The guild recommend the following: Be ready to serve at every opportunity, yet making sure that your fellow servers have an equal chance. Take part in all services as as possible, by paying careful attention to everything, being said or done and by joining in the prayers and hymns -and by receiving Holy Communion at Mass. Avoid doing anything, which might distract the attention of the people. Do not fidget or look around, or stare at the people in the church.
Carry out the ceremonies calmly and without drawing too much attention to yourself and remembering that yo
Catholic youth work
The phrase Catholic youth work covers a wide range of activities carried out with young people in the name of the Catholic Church and with the intention of imparting the Catholic faith to them and inviting them to practice and live out the faith in their lives. Activities in the field range from small scale youth groups attached to parishes or Catholic schools, to large international gatherings, such as World Youth Day, it is a field which has evolved much over recent decades in comparison to more formal methods of education or catechesis within the church. Nearly all dioceses and a great deal of parishes have some form of youth provision running, although a great deal of areas in the developed world are finding youth work both more difficult and rare as the numbers of young people practicing the Catholic faith continue to decline. In contrast, the new and exciting developments of recent decades and the influence of the new movements within the Church are ensuring that youth work continues to be an active and fruitful field.
In many countries local groups of Catholic youth have founded diocesan or national umbrella organizations to foster the exchange between young people and to organize joint activities, like camps, seminars or pilgrimages. Typical for the youth work of Catholic youth organizations is that their work is not determined by priests or other professionals but that they are self-organized and -determined by young volunteers. However, many Catholic youth organizations elect a theologically qualified person as "preses". Many Catholic youth organizations in Europe are rooted in the movement of the Catholic Action; as with youth work in many Christian communities, Catholic youth ministry is conducted by a combination of local priest pastors and lay volunteers. Some parishes in more affluent parts of the world, may well employee lay professionals on a full-time basis as well. In some areas of the Church, such as North America, there will be full-time youth officers at the deanery or diocese level; some of the time these will be lay professionals and some of the time they will be priests or members of religious congregations.
The advantages to employing priests in these roles include the reduced salary costs, their ability to minister the sacraments and their guaranteed theological knowledge. The shortage of priests in many areas, mean that dioceses are turning to religious or lay people, who as well as being a little more flexible, will often be able to break down the barrier, perceived between priests and church congregations; this is popular in the UK and Australia and other countries where Catholic Schools are common, but struggles to receive recognition in many areas where the role of full-time lay people within the Catholic Church is still not properly respected or provided for. Chaplaincy involves a dedicated youth worker acting as a lay chaplain to introduce an element of youth work provision into a school so as to back up the school's Catholic ethos and complement the mainstream educational work of the school. In recent and not-so recent times, many movements have emerged supporting or complementing chaplaincies, including Newman Centers in several countries, the Fellowship of Catholic University Students in the United States, Catholic Christian Outreach in Canada.
This involves the focused work done for just a few days where a course or retreat is run for a group of young people in a residential retreat center. This work is transitory work and residential centers can expect to work, in some cases, with thousands of young people a year. Young people are sent on retreat by a school or parish and thus the work is secondary rather than primary input. Catholic residential youth work is popular in the UK, where an established network of thirteen centers exists, including places like Castlerigg Manor, SPEC Centre, Soli House, St Vincents Centre and Walsingham House. Movements such as Youth 2000 and various organizations connected to the Charismatic Renewal, will run either local groups not connected to parishes or schools, or larger annual events; these groups will aim to enforce a certain part of faith in young people or a certain tradition or style. One of these new movements is LIFE TEEN, "leading teens closer to Christ". Another movement is ECYD which focuses on youth service projects and personal prayer through a network of gender-specific clubs.
Jesus Youth is a 28-year-old catholic youth movement, which begin in India and now present many countries around the world. Mission teams are groups of youth workers who spend a period of time in schools or parishes running a program fairly kerygmatic in nature, with a group of young people; the transient nature of these programs makes this field somewhat similar to residential work, however the increased costs of maintaining mission teams combined with the difficulties in recruitment mean that they are not as widespread. The issue of training and qualifications for Catholic youth workers is a sticky question in many parts of the world; the advantages and generosity of lay volunteers, for instance, is augmented in the minds of some people by their lack of catechetical and theological knowledge in comparison to priests and by their lack of training in informal education in comparison to secular youth workers. Many systems to educate and train youth workers have appeared and youth workers are able to participate in schemes for catechists.
Many youth worke
The Bahamas, known as the Commonwealth of The Bahamas, is a country within the Lucayan Archipelago. The archipelagic state consists of more than 700 islands and islets in the Atlantic Ocean, is located north of Cuba and Hispaniola, northwest of the Turks and Caicos Islands, southeast of the U. S. state of Florida, east of the Florida Keys. The capital is Nassau on the island of New Providence; the designation of "the Bahamas" can refer either to the country or to the larger island chain that it shares with the Turks and Caicos Islands. The Royal Bahamas Defence Force describes the Bahamas territory as encompassing 470,000 km2 of ocean space; the Bahamas is the site of Columbus's first landfall in the New World in 1492. At that time, the islands were inhabited by the Lucayans, a branch of the Arawakan-speaking Taíno people. Although the Spanish never colonised the Bahamas, they shipped the native Lucayans to slavery in Hispaniola; the islands were deserted from 1513 until 1648, when English colonists from Bermuda settled on the island of Eleuthera.
The Bahamas became a British crown colony in 1718. After the American Revolutionary War, the Crown resettled thousands of American Loyalists in the Bahamas. Africans constituted the majority of the population from this period; the slave trade was abolished by the British in 1807. Subsequently, the Bahamas became a haven for freed African slaves. Today, Afro-Bahamians make up nearly 90% of the population; the Bahamas became an independent Commonwealth realm in 1973 with Elizabeth II as its queen. In terms of gross domestic product per capita, the Bahamas is one of the richest countries in the Americas, with an economy based on tourism and finance; the name Bahamas is most derived from either the Taíno ba ha ma, a term for the region used by the indigenous Native Americans, or from the Spanish baja mar reflecting the shallow waters of the area. Alternatively, it may originate from a local name of unclear meaning; the word The constitutes an integral part of the short form of the name and is, capitalised.
So in contrast to "the Congo" and "the United Kingdom", it is proper to write "The Bahamas." The name The Bahamas is thus comparable with certain non-English names that use the definite article, such as Las Vegas or Los Angeles. The Constitution of the Commonwealth of The Bahamas, the country's fundamental law, capitalizes the "T" in "The Bahamas." Taino people moved into the uninhabited southern Bahamas from Hispaniola and Cuba around the 11th century, having migrated there from South America. They came to be known as the Lucayan people. An estimated 30,000 Lucayans inhabited the Bahamas at the time of Christopher Columbus's arrival in 1492. Columbus's first landfall in the New World was on an island; some researchers believe this site to be present-day San Salvador Island, situated in the southeastern Bahamas. An alternative theory holds that Columbus landed to the southeast on Samana Cay, according to calculations made in 1986 by National Geographic writer and editor Joseph Judge, based on Columbus's log.
Evidence in support of this remains inconclusive. On the landfall island, Columbus exchanged goods with them; the Spanish forced much of the Lucayan population to Hispaniola for use as forced labour. The slaves suffered from harsh conditions and most died from contracting diseases to which they had no immunity; the population of the Bahamas was diminished. In 1648, the Eleutherian Adventurers, led by William Sayle, migrated from Bermuda; these English Puritans established the first permanent European settlement on an island which they named Eleuthera—the name derives from the Greek word for freedom. They settled New Providence, naming it Sayle's Island after one of their leaders. To survive, the settlers salvaged goods from wrecks. In 1670, King Charles II granted the islands to the Lords Proprietors of the Carolinas in North America, they rented the islands from the king with rights of trading, appointing governors, administering the country. In 1684 Spanish corsair Juan de Alcon raided Charles Town.
In 1703, a joint Franco-Spanish expedition occupied the Bahamian capital during the War of the Spanish Succession. During proprietary rule, the Bahamas became a haven for pirates, including Blackbeard. To put an end to the'Pirates' republic' and restore orderly government, Great Britain made the Bahamas a crown colony in 1718 under the royal governorship of Woodes Rogers. After a difficult struggle, he succeeded in suppressing piracy. In 1720, Rogers led local militia to drive off a Spanish attack. During the US War of Independence in the late 18th century, the islands became a target for US naval forces under the command of Commodore Esek Hopkins. US Marines occupied the capital of Nassau for 2 weeks. In 1782, following the British defeat at Yorktown, a Spanish fleet appeared off the coast of Nassau; the city surrendered without a fight. Spain returned possession of the Bahamas to Great Britain the following year, u
Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border, its capital is Ottawa, its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto and Vancouver. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra, its population is urbanized, with over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border. Canada's climate varies across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons. Various indigenous peoples have inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Beginning in the 16th century and French expeditions explored, settled, along the Atlantic coast.
As a consequence of various armed conflicts, France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces; this began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act of 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition, with Elizabeth II as its queen and a prime minister who serves as the chair of the federal cabinet and head of government; the country is a realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, a member of the Francophonie and bilingual at the federal level. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, education.
It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Canada's long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture. A developed country, Canada has the sixteenth-highest nominal per capita income globally as well as the twelfth-highest ranking in the Human Development Index, its advanced economy is the tenth-largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade networks. Canada is part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the United Nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G7, the Group of Ten, the G20, the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum. While a variety of theories have been postulated for the etymological origins of Canada, the name is now accepted as coming from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word kanata, meaning "village" or "settlement".
In 1535, indigenous inhabitants of the present-day Quebec City region used the word to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to the village of Stadacona. Cartier used the word Canada to refer not only to that particular village but to the entire area subject to Donnacona. From the 16th to the early 18th century "Canada" referred to the part of New France that lay along the Saint Lawrence River. In 1791, the area became two British colonies called Upper Canada and Lower Canada collectively named the Canadas. Upon Confederation in 1867, Canada was adopted as the legal name for the new country at the London Conference, the word Dominion was conferred as the country's title. By the 1950s, the term Dominion of Canada was no longer used by the United Kingdom, which considered Canada a "Realm of the Commonwealth"; the government of Louis St. Laurent ended the practice of using'Dominion' in the Statutes of Canada in 1951. In 1982, the passage of the Canada Act, bringing the Constitution of Canada under Canadian control, referred only to Canada, that year the name of the national holiday was changed from Dominion Day to Canada Day.
The term Dominion was used to distinguish the federal government from the provinces, though after the Second World War the term federal had replaced dominion. Indigenous peoples in present-day Canada include the First Nations, Métis, the last being a mixed-blood people who originated in the mid-17th century when First Nations and Inuit people married European settlers; the term "Aboriginal" as a collective noun is a specific term of art used in some legal documents, including the Constitution Act 1982. The first inhabitants of North America are hypothesized to have migrated from Siberia by way of the Bering land bridge and arrived at least 14,000 years ago; the Paleo-Indian archeological sites at Old Crow Flats and Bluefish Caves are two of the oldest sites of human habitation in Canada. The characteristics of Canadian indigenous societies included permanent settlements, complex societal hierarchies, trading networks; some of these cultures had collapsed by the time European explorers arrived in the late 15th and early 16th centuries and have only been discovered through archeological investigations.
The indigenous population at the time of the first European settlements is estimated to have been between 200,000
De La Salle Brothers
The Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools is a Catholic religious teaching congregation, founded in France by a priest named Jean-Baptiste de la Salle, now based in Rome. The Brothers use the post-nominal abbreviation FSC to denote their membership of the order, the honorific title Brother, abbreviated Br.. The Lasallian Christian Brothers are not the same order as the Irish Christian Brothers. There are 560 Lasallian educational institutions around the world which, assisted by more than 73,000 lay colleagues, teach over 900,000 students in over 82 countries, from impoverished nations such as Nigeria to post-secondary institutions such as Bethlehem University, Manhattan College, the La Salle Universities in Philadelphia; the central administration of the Brothers operates out of the Generalate in Rome and is made up of the Superior General and his councillors. A number of Lasallian institutions have been accused of, have admitted and apologised for and serious physical and sexual abuse against their charges.
The order was founded in the name of Saint Jean-Baptiste de la Salle, a French priest from a wealthy family, in 1725. In March, 1679, La Salle met Adrian Nyel in a chance encounter at the Convent of the Sisters of the Infant Jesus. Nyel asked for De La Salle's help in opening free schools for the poor boys in Reims. A novitiate and normal school were established in Paris in 1694. La Salle spent his life teaching poor children in parish charity schools, was canonized as a saint on 15 May 1900. In 1950 Pope Pius XII declared him to be the "Special Patron of All Teachers of Youth in the Catholic Church"; the order, approved by Pope Benedict XIII in 1725 spread over France. It was dissolved by a decree of the National Assembly set up after the French revolution in February 1790, but recalled by Napoleon I in 1804 and formally recognized by the French government in 1808. Since its members penetrated into nearly every country of Europe, Asia and Australia; as religious, members take the three usual vows of poverty and obedience.
The Institutes headquarters is in Italy. The order has five global regions: North America, Asia/Oceania, Europe/Mediterranean and Latin America. During the International Year of Literacy/Schooling, UNESCO awarded the NOMA prize to Lasallian Institutions; the order says that its key principles are faith, proclamation of the gospel, respect for all people, quality education, concern for the poor and social justice. In 2017 the Institute had 3,800 brothers, 75% fewer than in 1965; the decline is due to many brothers reaching retirement age, the small number of new recruits. In the same period the number of students in Lasallian schools increased from about 700,000 to over a million. La Salle initiated a number of innovations in teaching, he recommended dividing up of the children into distinct classes according to their attainments. He taught pupils to read the vernacular language. In accordance with their mission statement "to provide a human and Christian education... the poor" the Brothers' principal activity is education of the poor.
As of 2017 the Institute conducted educational work in 82 different countries, in both developed and developing nations, with more than 1,000,000 students enrolled in its educational works. There are 92,000 lay women who are Lasallian Partners in their institutions; the Guadalupana De La Salle Sisters were founded by Br. Juan Fromental Cayroche in the Archdiocese of Mexico, they teach in ten countries. The motherhouse is in Mexico City; the Congregation of the Lasallian Sisters was founded in 1966 by the Brothers of the Christian School in Vietnam to take care of the needs of poor children abandoned because of the civil war there. The office is in Bangkok. Lasallian Volunteers are lay people who volunteer for one or two years to engage in teaching and other Lasallian activities, they receive a living stipend. In 1981, the Institute started Christian Brothers Investment Services, a "socially responsible investing service" for Catholic organisations, that it "encourage companies to improve policies and practices through active ownership".
The Brothers arrived in Martinez, California, US on the southern edge of the Carquinez Strait, part of the greater San Francisco Bay in 1868. In 1882 they began making wine as sacramental wine, they began to distill brandy, beginning with the pot-still production method, used in the cognac region. In 1932, in the period when alcohol was prohibited in the US, they relocated the winery to the Mont La Salle property in the Napa Valley and continued making wine. In 1935 Brother Timothy Diener became wine master, he served in this position for 50 years. In the 1950s they acquired Greystone Cellars near California. Varietal wine was made at the Napa Valley facility, generic wine and brandy were produced at Reedley in the San Joaquin Valley, barrel aging was handled at Greystone; the Christian Brothers winery operated under the corporate name "Mont La Salle Vineyards". In 1988 the winery employed 250 people and produced 900,000 cases of wine, 1.2 million cases of brandy, 80,000 cases of altar wine. Proceeds from sales helped to fund the Christian Brothers programs and sc
The Squire Roses are a youth sorority run by individual State Councils within the Knights of Columbus, for Catholic ladies between the ages of 10 and 18. The Squire Roses were established in 1996 under the leadership Mr. Russell De Rose for young women at St. Mary of Sorrows Church; the process for the birth of the Squire Roses took just over four years. In March 1993, Mr. De Rose held a recruitment drive because of requests from young women to join the Squires. Mr. De Rose told the young women that the Squires and the Knights of Columbus was a men's organization and women were excluded. Mr. De Rose stated that he would set up a similar organization that would include a sorority environment as well as be similar to the Squires; the Knights of St. Mary of Sorrows provided the initial donations and were made aware that the Squire Roses would support their charities and functions but as a separate organization. All Counselors were to be practical Catholic women who met the Church requirements to work with youth and renew their certification as required.
In 1994 the same young ladies, bringing their friends and parents, continued to ask the Squires if they could join. When turned down, the ladies asked if they could assist the Squires in their projects, thus getting them involved in service to their parish and community; the young women recruited other young ladies for this young women's only organization. The Supreme Council of the Knights of Columbus stated that the Squire Rose Circles were not part of the KofC. By 1996, the groundwork for the Squire Roses had been laid, they did not want to be a "Squirerettes," or Columbiettes" which are organizations are recornized by state and international Knights of Columbus. The members of the Squire Roses defined their vision, motto, laws and by-laws, ceremonials, they continually upgrade their officer ceremonies. In 2010 they started to develop their own charter, presented to all new Squire Roses Circles in the USA and abroad. For more information on how to start a Squire Rose Circle chose their name contact the St. Mary of Sorrows Squire Roses attention Russell De Rose.
In many women's investitures, a rose was given to the candidate or another special person The rose is a multi-cultural symbol of womanhood Rose thorns were what Jesus wore on his head when hung on the cross. Two times a year the priest wear the Rose vestments to serve mass. 1960 for “Operation Rose,the Squire Roses supported the St. Mary's Columbian Squires: a sterling silver rose was brought by Columbian Squires from Canada, throughout the United States by Squires, to Mexican Squires, to the Shrine of Our Lady of Guadeloupe, given to Pope John XXIII; the investiture presents three women which symbolizes the Squire Rose: the Blessed Virgin Mary which represents Faith, Knight Joan of Arc which represents Hope, Mother Theresa which represents Charity. The k NOW STANDS FOR kNIGHT jOAN OF aRC The first Knights of Columbus state organization to recornize the Squire Roses was Washington, D. C. and was followed by the Knights of Columbus in Virginia. 1997 - Washington DC Knights of Columbus adopt the Squire Roses as their youth program for young ladies.
The first Circle of Squire Roses is created on March 9 of this year. 2001 - The number of Circles grows to five, with Squire Roses numbering over 50. 2004 - 2005 - Circles in Washington DC fail, due to adult sponsors moving out of the area. Additionally, two Circles in Virginia fail due to lack of membership recruiting. 2006 - 2009 - With the introduction of Jason Seiler to run the Columbian Squires for the State of Virginia, the Squires and Squire Roses saw new growth and development. The Squires win multiple awards, including the top two international awards for growth; the Squire Roses add three new Circles, over doubling their membership in the state. Mr. Seiler is in talks with Knights of Columbus State Councils for New Jersey, California and Texas to adopt the Squire Roses as their official youth group for young ladies, aged 10 to 18. 2010 - The first Squire Rose circle in Texas, Tx001, is invested and instituted at St. Francis of Assisi Catholic Community in Orange, TX, on October 17th, 2010.
In addition, the first International Squire Roses Circle was invested and instituted in Luzon, Philippines. Each Circle is supervised by a Knights of Columbus Council or Assembly and has an advisory board made up of either the Grand Knight, the Deputy Grand Knight and Chaplain or the Faithful Navigator, the Faithful Captain and Faithful Friar. Circles are either Council based, Parish based, or school based, depending on the location of the Circle and the Knight counselors; the Squire Roses officers consist of Chief Squire Rose, Deputy Chief Squire Rose, Secretary and Ceremonial Guard. Adults fill the roles of Chief Counselor and the priest fills the role of the Father Prior; the Columbian Squire Roses emblem symbolizes the ideals. Centered in a circle is the cross of Christ, with the letters “F,” “W,” “S,” and “C.” These symbolize Family, Wisdom and Civic growth that occurs within the Squire Roses. Within the triangle are the letters “S,” representing Service, “R,” for Responsibility, “C,” for Christ, “K,” for the Knights of Columbus, by whom the Squires Roses program is sponsored.
The triangle, the most stable geometric shape, is a representation of the Holy Trinity. A red rose adorns the emblem, symbolic of womanhood and of blossoming life; the emblem is encircled with a golden ring, signifying the value and perpetuity of the group, that all within are equal. Upon the ring is the motto of the Squire Roses – “With Grace and Dignity We Stand as One.” Virginia State Council, Knights of