A comarca is a traditional region or local administrative division found in Portugal and some of their former colonies: Panama and Brazil. The term is derived from the term marca, meaning a "march, mark", plus the prefix co-, meaning "together, jointly"; the comarca is known in Aragonese in Basque as eskualde. In addition, in Galician, comarcas are called bisbarras. Although the English word county and its near synonym shire have similar meanings, they are translated into Spanish as condado, a term which in Iberia only refers to regions ruled by a count. However, "comarca" is used: examples include the Spanish Wikipedia entry for "comarca" and some translations of The Lord of the Rings. According to the new judicial division of 2015, Angola will be subdivided into 60 comarcas, each with a court of first instance; the courts of comarca will replace the previous municipal courts. Comarca is the name of a suburb of Luanda, the capital of Angola; until the 16th century, large administrative regions were divided into comarcas.
There were six traditional comarcas: Entre-Douro-e-Minho, Trás-os-Montes, Estremadura and Algarve, of which the last had the honorary title of "kingdom". In the 16th century, the comarcas were referred to as "provinces"; the name "comarca" was applied to the administrative and judicial subdivisions of the provinces from the 17th century. Each comarca corresponded to the territorial area of jurisdiction of a corregedor, a high-ranking administrative and judicial officer who represented the Crown in the district. In the 19th century, the comarcas were replaced by separate administrative and judicial divisions, reflecting the implementation of the separation of executive and judicial powers; the new administrative divisions became the administrative districts and the new judicial divisions kept the name comarca. Nowadays, in Brazil and some other countries of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, the comarca is the basic territorial division in the judicial system, it corresponds to the territorial area of jurisdiction of a court of first instance.
The comarca may correspond to a group several small municipalities together. Presently, in Brazil, there are 2,680 comarcas. A judiciary organization reform implemented in Portugal in 2014 reduced the number of comarcas from 231 to 23; the term comarca is used in several regions in Spain. In Asturias, the historic division is the conceyu. There are several comarcas but they are contemporary creations destined to tourism promotions, without administrative or government powers. In Cantabria, the comarca is a traditional or historical division identified with the greatest rivers of the region. In Catalonia and Aragon, the comarca is a local government area, represented by a member on the comarcal council. In the Valencian Community, the comarca is a traditional region with no administrative competences, they are referred as homologated territorial demarcations instead of as comarques. In Galicia the comarca or bisbarra are traditional divisions of the land that have limited official recognition, but have no administrative relevance.
However, the Galician government is attempting to transform the bisbarras into territorial administrative tiers, to create a new regional network proposed to be more balanced and efficient. Galician comarcas have a comarcal council. In other places, such as Extremadura, the comarca may refer to a loosely defined region; because of the comarca's long-standing use, it is sometimes used as the basis for the promotion of tourism, with emphasis on local cultural tradition and history. The ninth-largest metropolitan area in Mexico is known as the Comarca Lagunera; the region is made up of 15 municipalities, including the cities of Torreón, Coahuila and Gómez Palacio, Durango. In Panama, the comarca indígena is an administrative region for an area with a substantial Amerindian population. Three comarcas exist as equivalent to provinces. Two smaller comarcas are subordinate to a province and considered equivalent to a corregimiento; some Spanish-language editions of British writer J. R. R. Tolkien's works use the term La Comarca as a translation for the English "The Shire".
Comarcas of Aragon Comarcas of Asturias Comarques of Catalonia Comarcas of Galicia Comarques of the Valencian Community Commune Kecamatan List of terms for country subdivisions Provinces of Panama Comarcas de Galicia, official site for the management and promotion of Galician comarcas, maintained by the Galician Government History of comarca divisions in the Catalan Countries
Hendrik Grobbelaar is a South African rugby union player, who most played with the Eastern Province Kings. His regular position is number eight. Grobbelaar grew up in Mookgophong in the Limpopo province, he was selected to represent Limpopo at the 2008 Under-16 Grant Khomo Week held in Ermelo, where he started two of their three matches. In 2012, he was included in the Welkom-based Griffons' Under-21 squad for their Under-21 Provincial Championship campaign, he started all six of their matches in the number eight jersey, scoring a try against Pumas U21 in a 40–43 defeat, but could not help his side to a victory, as they lost all six matches to finish bottom of the log. Grobbelaar made his first class debut in March 2013, coming on as a replacement in the Griffons' 2013 Vodacom Cup match against the Limpopo Blue Bulls in Polokwane, he made his first start a week against Griquas, but failed to feature for the Griffons for the remainder of 2013. He made a single appearance in the 2014 Vodacom Cup – as a replacement in a 10–49 defeat to the Blue Bulls – before making his Currie Cup debut, playing off the bench in the Griffons First Division match against the Border Bulldogs, helping his team to a 37–32 victory.
He got marginally more playing time in 2015, making three appearances off the bench in the Griffons' Vodacom Cup season before starting against the SWD Eagles during the Currie Cup First Division regular season and against the same opposition in their 40–47 semi-final loss a week later. He made two starts and four appearances off the bench in the Griffons' 2016 Currie Cup qualification campaign, scored his first senior try in their 101–0 victory over Namibian side the Welwitschias in his third appearance of the season; the Griffons finished ninth. Grobbelaar signed a contract to play for the Port Elizabeth-based Eastern Province Kings in the 2016 Currie Cup Premier Division, he made his EP Kings – and Currie Cup Premier Division – debut in their Round Two match against the Boland Cavaliers. His only other appearance came as he started their rescheduled midweek match against Griquas in a 24–47 defeat, and his side lost all eight of their matches in the competition to finish bottom of the log
XHQMGU-TDT, virtual channel 10, is a television station in Guadalajara, Mexico. The station is owned by Quiero Media, S. A. de C. V. and known as Quiero TV. Ocho TV began cable telecasts in June 1994 on channel 8 of the Telecable de Zapopan system, established by Héctor Vielma Valdivia; the first program was Conexión Mundialista. The station was renamed Ocho TV in 2004, it grew to gain coverage on several national cable systems beyond Guadalajara when Telecable de Zapopan was sold off in 2015. Quiero Media, S. A. de C. V. won a television station was awarded in the IFT-6 TV station auction of 2017 and began program service on May 2, 2018. It had been testing through most of April; as XEWO-TDT claimed virtual channel 8 first, XHQMGU uses virtual channel 10. On Friday, November 16, 2018, Ocho TV ceased operations in order to relaunch as Quiero TV with a revamped program lineup on January 3, 2019. During that time, only the station's newscasts were broadcast; the relaunch included an investment in new studio equipment and a deal with Caracol Televisión for entertainment programming.
On June 6, 2018, the Federal Telecommunications Institute authorized XHQMGU to program and broadcast a second subchannel named Quiero TV, which carries a two-hour timeshift feed of the main channel. The authorization carried the Quiero TV name more than five months prior to the station's relaunch. A third subchannel of Inova infomercials was approved in August 2019