Come Dance with Me! (album)
Come Dance with Me! is an album by American vocalist Frank Sinatra, released in 1959. Come Dance with Me! was Sinatra's most successful album, spending two and a half years on the Billboard charts. Stereo Review wrote in 1959 that "Sinatra swaggers his way with effortless verve through an appealing collection of bouncy standards, aptly described in the album notes as'vocals that dance'". At the Grammy Awards of 1960, Come Dance with Me! won the Grammy Award for Album of the Year, as well as Grammy Award for Best Vocal Performance, Male. Billy May won the Grammy Award for Best Arrangement. Come Dance With Me stayed on Billboard's Pop album chart for 140 weeks. In 1987, Capitol released Come Dance with Me! on compact disc with four extra songs not found on the original LP. The album was again remastered in 1998 for the "Entertainer of the Century" series of Sinatra reissues; this version includes the same four bonus tracks found on the 1987 release. "Come Dance with Me" – 2:31 "Something's Gotta Give" – 2:38 "Just in Time" – 2:24 "Dancing in the Dark" – 2:26 "Too Close for Comfort" – 2:34 "I Could Have Danced All Night" – 2:40 "Saturday Night" – 1:54 "Day In, Day Out" – 3:25 "Cheek to Cheek" – 3:06 "Baubles, Bangles & Beads" – 2:46 "The Song Is You" – 2:43 "The Last Dance" – 2:11 CD reissue bonus tracks not included on the original 1959 release: "It All Depends on You" – 2:06 "Nothing in Common" – 2:32 "Same Old Song and Dance" – 2:52 "How Are Ya' Fixed for Love?"
– 2:25 Frank Sinatra - vocals Keely Smith - vocals Billy May - arranger, conductor Heinie Beau - arrangerTracks 1, 5, 6, 12: Mannie Klein, Shorty Sherock, Conrad Gozzo, Frank Beach, Joe Triscari. Heinie Beau, Billy May. Tracks 2, 3, 11: Shorty Sherock, Conrad Gozzo, Mannie Klein, Frank Beach. Tracks 4, 7, 8, 9, 10: Shorty Sherock, Conrad Gozzo, Mannie Klein, Pete Candoli. Heinie Beau, Billy May. Track 13: Conrad Gozzo, Mickey Mangano, Robert Guy, Pete Candoli. Tracks 14, 15, 16: Conrad Gozzo, Frank Beach, Johnny Best, Harry Edison.
Chicago (That Toddlin' Town)
"Chicago" is a popular song written by Fred Fisher and published in 1922. The original sheet music variously spelled the title "Todd'ling" or "Toddling." The song has been recorded by many artists. The song mentions evangelist Billy Sunday as having not been able to "shut down" the city; the song made a minor appearance on the U. S. pop charts, reaching #84 in the fall of 1957. It was the first of two charting songs about Chicago recorded by Sinatra; the other was "My Kind of Town" from 1964, which reached U. S. #110. 1939 - featured in H. C. Potter's 1939 film, The Story of Vernon and Irene Castle, starring Ginger Rogers and Fred Astaire. 1942 - the song was featured in the opening and closing credits of the 1942 movie Roxie Hart starring Ginger Rogers and Adolphe Menjou. 1949 - included in the fictionalized biography of Fred Fisher, Oh, You Beautiful Doll 1952 - used in the 1952 film With a Song in My Heart. 1957 - performed by Frank Sinatra in a 1957 movie in which he starred, The Joker Is Wild.
His separately-recorded rendition is the only charting version of the song. 1974 - appears in the film Harry and Tonto. Jamey Aebersold Ann-Margret George Barnes Luis Barreiro Count Basie Laura Benanti - The Playboy Club Tony Bennett Pierre Blanchard Claude Bolling Boston Pops Orchestra James Brown Dave Brubeck John Bunch Benny Carter Chicago - Night and Day: Big-Band Rosemary Clooney Bing Crosby for his 1957 album New Tricks. Graham Dalby & the Grahamophones Sammy Davis Jr. Jimmy Dorsey Tommy Dorsey John Eaton Duke Ellington Bob Florence Pete Fountain Sergio Franchi on his 1964 RCA single Bud Freeman Jackie and Roy Judy Garland on her double LP Judy at Carnegie Hall The Georgians Harry Goldson Nat Gonella & His Georgians Benny Goodman Stéphane Grappelli Coleman Hawkins Earl Hines Mimi Hines Franz Jackson Milt Jackson Jazzbo's Carolina Serenaders Jive Bunny & the Mastermixers Al Jolson Greetje Kauffeld François Laudet Lead Belly Joe Lovano Billy May Dudley Moore Jaye P. Morgan Jack Mudurian Bill O'Connell Anita O'Day Original Piano Trio Oscar Peterson Louis Prima Quintet of the Hot Club of France Lou Rawls Django Reinhardt Buddy Rich Tony Sandler Bob Scobey The Sentimental Strings John Serry, Sr. and his ensemble.
Screeching Weasel Ray Sherman Victor Silvester Frank Sinatra - Come Fly with Me Muggsy Spanier The Starlite Orchestra Wally Stott and his Orchestra Barbara Sutton Curtis George Holmes Tate Gary Tesca Rufus Wainwright - Rufus Does Judy at Carnegie Hall Paul Whiteman and His Orchestra World's Greatest Jazz Band Wurlitzer Band Organ Wurlitzer Model 165 Band Organ Penn Glee Club George Scott Wood's Six Swingers Green Day during a concert at Chicago's United Center on July 13, 2009 Sergio Franchi recorded this song in Italian during his concert in 1965 for RCA Victor, Live at The Coconut Grove CM Punk at the end of the 27 June 2011 edition of Monday Night Raw Sheet music in the Lilly Library collection at Indiana University
Ary de Resende Barroso, better known as Ary Barroso ONM, was a Brazilian composer, soccer commentator, talent-show host on radio and TV. He was one of Brazil's most successful songwriters in the first half of the 20th century. Barroso composed many songs for Carmen Miranda during her career. Ary Barroso was the most influential pre-bossa nova composer in Brazil. Barroso's songs were recorded by a lengthy list of artists including Carmen Miranda and João Gilberto, his 1939 composition Aquarela do Brasil, better known as Brazil, was featured in the 1942 Disney film Saludos Amigos, has gone on to become one of the 20 most recorded songs of all time. His song Na Baixa do Sapateiro, based on a Brazilian pop tune, was included in the Disney film The Three Caballeros and popularized as Baía. Barroso's soundtrack for the movie Brazil was nominated for an Oscar in 1945. Although he failed to win, Barroso was presented a Merit Award from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences for his work. In 1955, Barroso received the National Order of Merit, the greatest honor bestowed by the Brazilian government.
Music was only one outlet for Barroso's creativity. A lawyer by training, he balanced his musical career with work as a radio announcer, humorist, producer, emcee and soccer commentator, he was such a fan of the Clube de Regatas do Flamengo soccer club of Rio de Janeiro that he turned down an invitation to move to the United States at the peak of his fame in the'40s because he didn't want to be so far from the team. Although Barroso's father, Joao Evangelista, was a well-known poet, guitar player and lawyer, he became an orphan at the age of seven when his parents died and was raised by his grandmother and aunt. At his aunt's insistence, Barroso began studying the piano at the age of ten, practicing a mandatory three hours a day. Within two years, he was playing so well that he was hired to accompany silent movies at the local theater. Although he inherited money at the age of seventeen when his uncle died, Barroso spent it and was forced to turn to music for an income. In addition to playing piano in cinemas and with orchestras, he became involved with musical theater.
Joining forces with lyricist Luís Peixoto, Barroso composed more than 60 tunes as well as writing scripts. Shortly after finishing law school, in 1929, Barroso married the daughter of the boarding house in which he lived. In an attempt to raise money, he entered and won a Carnaval song contest in 1930. Three years Barroso hosted the first of many radio shows. In 1961, Barroso was diagnosed with liver cirrhosis, he died on February 9, 1964. Alô, Alô, Brasil Music in My Heart Laranja da China Saludos Amigos Gals, Incorporated The Gang's All Here Popular Science Jam Session Something for the Boys Brazil The Three Caballeros Pan-Americana Tell It to a Star Easy to Wed The Lady from Shanghai Road to Rio Esta é Fina Sitting Pretty Revancha Viajera Cantando nace el amor La culpa de los hombres The Eddy Duchin Story Matemática Zero, Amor Dez Holiday for Lovers Garota de Ipanema Os Inconfidentes Silent Movie Bye Bye Brasil O Homem do Pau-Brasil Brazil: O Filme Strictly Ballroom Lucky Break Carmen Miranda: Bananas is My Business Next Stop Wonderland There's Something About Mary Three to Tango Woman on Top Madame Satã Carandiru Something's Gotta Give Millions Ma vie en cinémascope The Aviator La gran final My Kid Could Paint That Chega de Saudade Australia Iron Maiden: Flight 666 Arbitrage Mr. Peabody & Sherman Spy Ary Barroso – Giant of Brazilian Song Ary Barroso Discography ExtraordinAry, article by Arthur de Faria Ary Barroso from AllBrazilianMusic Ary Barroso on IMDb Walt Disney and Ary Barroso working at the Walt Disney studios, 1940
James Kennedy, was an Irish songwriter, predominantly a lyricist, putting words to existing music such as "Teddy Bears' Picnic" and "My Prayer", or co-writing with the composers Michael Carr, Wilhelm Grosz and Nat Simon, among others. In a career spanning more than fifty years, he wrote some 2000 songs, of which over 200 became worldwide hits and about 50 are all-time popular music classics. Kennedy was born near the main town in County Tyrone, Ireland, his father, Joseph Hamilton Kennedy, was a policeman in the Royal Irish Constabulary. While growing up in the village of Coagh, Kennedy wrote several poems, he was inspired by local surroundings—the view of the Ballinderry River, the local Springhill House and the plentiful chestnut trees on his family's property, as evidenced in his poem Chestnut Trees. Kennedy moved to Portstewart, a seaside resort in County Londonderry. Kennedy graduated from Trinity College, before teaching in England, he was accepted into the Colonial Service, as a civil servant, in 1927.
While awaiting a Colonial Service posting to the colony of Nigeria, Kennedy embarked on a career in songwriting. His first success came in 1930 with "The Barmaid's Song", sung by Gracie Fields. Fellow lyricist Harry Castling, introduced him to Bert Feldman, a music publisher based in London's "Tin Pan Alley", for whom Kennedy started to work. In the early 1930s he wrote a number of successful songs, including "Oh, Donna Clara", "My Song Goes Round the World", "The Teddy Bears' Picnic", in which Kennedy provided new lyrics to John Walter Bratton's tune from 1907. In 1934, Feldman turned down Kennedy's song "Isle of Capri", but it became a major hit for a new publisher, Peter Maurice. Kennedy wrote several more successful songs for Maurice, including "Red Sails in the Sunset", inspired by beautiful summer evenings in Portstewart, Northern Ireland. Kennedy and Carr collaborated on several West End shows in the 1930s, including London Rhapsody. "My Prayer", with original music by Georges Boulanger, had English lyrics penned by Kennedy in 1939.
It was written by Boulanger with the title "Avant de Mourir" in 1926. During the early stages of the Second World War, while serving in the British Army's Royal Artillery, where he rose to the rank of Captain, he wrote the wartime hit, "We're Going to Hang out the Washing on the Siegfried Line", his hits included "Cokey Cokey", the English lyrics to "Lili Marlene". After the end of the war, his songs included "Apple Blossom Wedding", "Istanbul", "Love Is Like a Violin". In the 1960s Kennedy wrote the song "The Banks of the Erne'", for recording by his friend from the war years, Theo Hyde known as Ray Warren. Kennedy was a patron of the Castlebar International Song Contest from 1973 until his death in 1984 and his association with the event added great prestige to the contest. Kennedy won two Ivor Novello Awards for his contribution to music and received an honorary degree from the New University of Ulster, he was awarded the OBE in 1983. In 1997 he was posthumously inducted into the Songwriter's Hall of Fame.
Kennedy died in Cheltenham on 6 April 1984, aged 81, was interred in Taunton, Somerset. He was survived by a daughter. "Blaze Away", added lyrics to the Abe Holzmann marching song in 1931 "Barmaids Song" "Red Sails in the Sunset" "South of the Border" "We're Going to Hang out the Washing on the Siegfried Line" "The Isle of Capri" "Istanbul" "My Prayer" "Teddy Bears' Picnic" "Love is Like a Violin" "Cokey Cokey" "Roll Along Covered Wagon" "Harbour Lights" Jimmy Kennedy obituary, The New York Times, 7 April 1984 J. J. Kennedy, The Man Who Wrote The Teddy Bears' Picnic, AuthorHouse, 2011
Established in 1956, Capitol Studios are located in the landmark Capitol Records Tower in the heart of Hollywood, California. The legendary recording studios, which consist of Studios A, B, C and D, started as the primary recording studios for American record label Capitol Records. While they are still used by Capitol recording artists, during the late 1960s to early-1970s the studios began making the facility available to artists outside the label. Capitol Studios are renowned for their impressive selection of vintage gear and state-of-the-art recording equipment, as well as their eight subterranean echo chambers; the studios are owned by Vivendi, the parent company of Universal Music Group, which in turn is the parent company of Capitol Music Group. For over 60 years, Capitol Studios has hosted some of the most celebrated artists, from Frank Sinatra, Nat King Cole and Dean Martin to Barbra Streisand, Paul McCartney and the Beach Boys. Along with traditional recording sessions, the studios have been the location for numerous iTunes, Sirius/XM sessions, CMG Productions such as: Top of the Tower concerts and 1 Mic 1 Take Series.
The Studios have hosted music video shoots, TV/Documentaries (Behind the Music, Classic Albums, PBS Specials, Showtime Original Lost Songs: The Basement Tapes Continued and HBO feature If You're Not In The Obit, Eat Breakfast as well as feature shoots. The studio has hosted "The Oscars" for the past two decades for the orchestra pre-records and hosts dozens of branded experiential and playback events each year; the ground floor, the only rectangular part of the circular building, includes Studio A, was remodeled by Jeff Cooper in 1989. In 1990, a retractable wall was installed between Studio A and Studio B enabling them to be joined together to accommodate up to 75 musicians for the recording of orchestral and soundtrack music. Studio B was designed by Jack Edwards and Studio C was remodeled by Vincent Van Haaff. In additional to recording space, the first floor includes two mastering rooms and the studios' offices; the second floor, referred to internally as T2, includes Studio D as well as three additional mastering rooms.
Studio A is the largest recording space. Built in 1956, Studio A has more than 2700 sq foot of floor space. Used for orchestral sessions, Studio A holds up to 50 musicians and has been utilized by everyone from Frank Sinatra and Nat King Cole to Imagine Dragons and Michael Buble. In 2012, the studio was outfitted with a Neve 88RS recording console. Studio A has a variable decay time that can be tailored to artists needs by adjusting the louvered wall panels. Additionally, the studio features two isolation booths. Artists in need of a piano for their recording session can choose between a Yamaha C9 and a New York Steinway "B"; the studio features a large private artist lounge located above the Control Room. Studio B has a long list of legendary albums that were recorded there over the years, including projects from Green Day and Bob Dylan to Neil Young and John Mayer. Touted in the industry as the classic Rock & Roll studio with one of the best sounding drum rooms, it is sonically responsive enough to handle orchestra sessions.
The control room features a vintage Neve 8068 56 input recording console. The room is designed for adjustable decay times, has one 154 sq ft. isolation booth and a renovated private artist lounge that overlooks the studio. The studio has Yamaha C9 for studio clients in need of a piano. Studio B is 1023 sq ft of floor space. Studio C a large scalable mixing suite, has been the site of multiple Grammy winning mixes over the years. Along with Jazz and Rock, the room is used to mix music scores for feature films such as: (Across The Universe, True Lies, The Revenant, Independence Day: Resurgence and Chips. Studio C has a full array of outboard gear, surround capabilities and a large format Neve 72 input 88R console, outfitted with Encore Automation system and full surround monitoring scoring formats. In 2017, Studio C expanded to accommodate Auro-3D and Dolby Atmos multi-channel immersive sound for audio and video production. Studio D is a 259 square foot space where artists can record and edit. Located on T2, the second floor of the Capitol Records Tower, this room includes a vintage Neve 8058 console with an adjacent vocal booth.
The studio echo chambers. The studio has a Capitol Studios' drum set, vintage Rhodes and Wurlitzer keyboards, as well as a Hammond B-3 Organ available for sessions; this particular organ is featured on Nat King Cole: The Billy May Session released in 1993. The album includes a selection of songs recorded between 1951-1961. 1950s 1956- Capitol Studios opened 1956- First artist to record at Capitol Studios was Frank Sinatra Frank Sinatra Conducts Tone Poems of Color1960s 1963- The Beach Boys record portions of their iconic Surfin’ U. S. A. album 1967 Bobbie Gentry recorded "Ode To Billie Joe" 1968- from ’56-’68 Capitol Studios was reserved for Capitol Records artists, but in 1968 they opened their doors to other non-Capitol artists. Key artists who recorded at the studios in the 60’s: Nat King Cole, Frank Sinatra, The Beach Boys, Bobby Darin, Nancy Wilson, Wayne Newton, Lou Rawls, The Seekers, The Stone Poneys, Glen Campbell, Peggy Lee, The Kingston Trio1970s 1977- Carole King records "God Only Knows" and "In the Name of Love" Key artists who recorded at the studios in the 70’s: Natalie Cole, Steve Miller, Carole King, Bob Seger, Rosemary Clooney, Grand Funk Railr
Jimmy Van Heusen
James "Jimmy" Van Heusen was an American composer. He wrote songs for films and theater, won an Emmy and four Academy Awards for Best Original Song. Born in Syracuse, New York, Van Heusen began writing music while at high school, he renamed himself at age 16, after the shirt makers Phillips-Van Heusen, to use as his on-air name during local shows. His close friends called him "Chet". Studying at Cazenovia Seminary and Syracuse University, he became friends with Jerry Arlen, the younger brother of Harold Arlen. With the elder Arlen's help, Van Heusen wrote songs for the Cotton Club revue, including "Harlem Hospitality", he became a staff pianist for some of the Tin Pan Alley publishers, wrote "It's the Dreamer in Me" with lyrics by Jimmy Dorsey. Collaborating with lyricist Eddie DeLange, on songs such as "Heaven Can Wait", "So Help Me", "Darn That Dream", his work became more prolific, writing over 60 songs in 1940 alone, it was in 1940. Burke and Van Heusen moved to Hollywood and wrote for stage musicals and films throughout the 1940s and early 1950s, winning an Academy Award for Best Original Song for "Swinging on a Star".
Their songs were featured in many Bing Crosby films including some of the Road films and A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court. He was a pilot of some accomplishment. Joe Hornsby sponsored Jimmy into an exclusive pilots club called the Quiet Birdmen which held meetings at Proud Bird restaurant at LAX and these men were lifelong friends until the 1970s. Jimmy worked, using his birth name, as a part-time test pilot for Lockheed Corporation in World War II. Van Heusen teamed up with lyricist Sammy Cahn, their three Academy Awards for Best Song were won for "All the Way" from The Joker Is Wild, "High Hopes" from A Hole in the Head, "Call Me Irresponsible" from Papa's Delicate Condition. Their songs were featured in Ocean's Eleven, which included Dean Martin's version of "Ain't That a Kick in the Head," and in Robin and the 7 Hoods, in which Frank Sinatra sang the Oscar-nominated "My Kind of Town." Cahn and Van Heusen wrote "Love and Marriage", "To Love and Be Loved", "Come Fly with Me", "Only the Lonely", "Come Dance with Me" with many of their compositions being the title songs for Frank Sinatra's albums of the late 1950s.
Van Heusen wrote the music for five Broadway musicals: Swingin' the Dream. While Van Heusen did not achieve nearly the success on Broadway that he did in Hollywood, at least two songs from Van Heusen musicals can legitimately be considered standards: "Darn That Dream" from Swingin' the Dream, he became an inductee of the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1971. Van Heusen composed over 800 songs. Van Heusen songs are featured in over twenty films. Although not considered handsome by conventional standards, Van Heusen was known to be quite a ladies' man. James Kaplan in his book Frank: The Voice wrote, "He played piano beautifully, wrote gorgeously poignant songs about romance...he had a fat wallet, he flew his own plane. Van Heusen was once described by Angie Dickinson, "You would not pick him over Clark Gable any day, but his magnetism was irresistible." In his 20s he began to shave his head. He once said "I would rather write songs than do anything else -- fly." Kaplan reported that he was a "hypochondriac of the first order" who kept a Merck manual at his bedside, injected himself with vitamins and painkillers, had surgical procedures for ailments real and imagined.
It was Van Heusen who rushed Sinatra to the hospital after Sinatra, in despair over the breakup of his marriage to Ava Gardner, slashed one of his wrists in a suicide attempt in November 1953. However, this event was never mentioned by Van Heusen in any print interviews given by him. Van Heusen married for the first time in 1969, at age 56, to Bobbe Brock one of the Brox Sisters and widow of the late producer Bill Perlberg. Van Heusen retired in the late 1970s and he died in Rancho Mirage, California, in 1990 from complications following a stroke, at the age of 77, his wife, survived him. Van Heusen is buried near the Sinatra family in Cathedral City, California, his grave marker reads Swinging on a Star. Van Heusen was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Song 14 times in 12 different years, won four times: in 1944, 1957, 1959, 1963. Wins1944 – "Swinging on a Star" for Going My Way 1957 – "All the Way" for The Joker Is Wild 1959 – "High Hopes" for A Hole in the Head 1963 – "Call Me Irresponsible" for Papa's Delicate ConditionNominations1945 – "Sleigh Ride in July" from the film Belle of the Yukon 1945 – "Aren't You Glad You're You?" from the film Bells of St. Mary's 1955 – " The Tender Trap" introduced by Frank Sinatra in the film The Tender Trap 1958 – "To Love and Be Loved" for the film Some Came Running 1960 – "The Second Time Around" for the film High Time 1961 – "Pocketful of Miracles" for the film
Los Angeles the City of Los Angeles and known by its initials L. A. is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural and commercial center of Southern California; the city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity and the entertainment industry, its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America. Los Angeles is in a large basin bounded by the Pacific Ocean on one side and by mountains as high as 10,000 feet on the other; the city proper, which covers about 469 square miles, is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the country. Los Angeles is the principal city of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second largest in the United States after that of New York City, with a population of 13.1 million. It is part of the Los Angeles-Long Beach combined statistical area the nation's second most populous area with a 2015 estimated population of 18.7 million.
Los Angeles is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States, with a diverse economy in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. Los Angeles is famous as the home of Hollywood, a major center of the world entertainment industry. A global city, it has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index; the Los Angeles metropolitan area has a gross metropolitan product of $1.044 trillion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the event for a third time in 2028; the city hosted the Miss Universe pageant twice, in 1990 and 2006, was one of 9 American cities to host the 1994 FIFA men's soccer World Cup and one of 8 to host the 1999 FIFA women's soccer World Cup, hosting the final match for both tournaments. Home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California.
The city was founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood; the discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city. The completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, delivering water from Eastern California assured the city's continued rapid growth; the Los Angeles coastal area was settled by the Chumash tribes. A Gabrieleño settlement in the area was called iyáangẚ, meaning "poison oak place". Maritime explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area of southern California for the Spanish Empire in 1542 while on an official military exploring expedition moving north along the Pacific coast from earlier colonizing bases of New Spain in Central and South America.
Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. On September 4, 1781, a group of forty-four settlers known as "Los Pobladores" founded the pueblo they called El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles,'The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels'; the present-day city has the largest Roman Catholic Archdiocese in the United States. Two-thirds of the Mexican or settlers were mestizo or mulatto, a mixture of African and European ancestry; the settlement remained a small ranch town for decades, but by 1820, the population had increased to about 650 residents. Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles. New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico.
During Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta California's regional capital. Mexican rule ended during the Mexican–American War: Americans took control from the Californios after a series of battles, culminating with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. Railroads arrived with the completion of the transcontinental Southern Pacific line to Los Angeles in 1876 and the Santa Fe Railroad in 1885. Petroleum was discovered in the city and surrounding area in 1892, by 1923, the discoveries had helped California become the country's largest oil producer, accounting for about one-quarter of the world's petroleum output. By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000; the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, under the supervision of William Mulholland, assured the continued growth of the city. Due to clauses in the city's charter that prevented the City of Los Angeles from selling or providing water from the aqueduct to any area outside its borders, many adjacent city and communities became compelled to annex themselves into Los Angeles.
Los Angeles created the first municipal zoning ordinance in the United States. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones; the new ordinance established three residential zones of a single type, where industrial uses were