Mauricio de Sousa
Mauricio Araújo de Sousa is a Brazilian cartoonist who has created over 200 characters for his popular series of children's comic books. At 17 years of age, he worked. In 1959, Sousa quit that job and began his comic book career, created Monica's Gang. Sousa's characters were inspired by children he knew by his own children, his style is reminiscent of that of Osamu Tezuka, a famous Japanese manga artist and personal friend. Mauricio Araújo de Sousa was born in Santa Isabel on October 27, 1935, his father, Antonio Mauricio de Sousa, was a poet and his mother, Petronilha Araújo de Sousa delved into poetry. Mauricio developed an interest in cartooning at a young age, began to draw posters and illustrations for periodicals. At 17 years of age, he worked. In 1959, Sousa quit that job and began his comic book career, created Monica's Gang; the comics of Mauricio de Sousa have gained international fame, been featured on licensed merchandise, have been adapted for movies, video games, a São Paulo amusement park, the Parque da Mônica.
Two other Parque da Mônica facilities were located in Curitiba and Rio de Janeiro, but they both closed in 2000 and 2005, respectively. From 1970 to 1986, Mauricio's comic books had been published by Editora Abril, until Globo took over in January 1987, his work has been published in many magazines and newspapers since 1959. Since January 2007, the comic book series is published by Panini Comics. In 1997, the cartoonist founded the Mauricio de Sousa Cultural Institute, whose mandate is to develop social action campaigns that translate serious subjects into a comic book format to appeal to both young and adult readers. Mauricio started publishing Turma da Mônica Jovem in 2008, an offshoot series from "Monica's Gang", featuring Monica and her friends now as teenagers, adopting black-and-white pages, as well as art style influenced from manga. Issue #34 of the "Monica Teen" comic book, presenting the first real kiss between Monica and Jimmy had 500,000 sales. In 2012, Mauricio published a two-issue story arc in the Monica Teen comic book featuring some of Osamu Tezuka's main characters, such as Astro and Kimba, joining Monica and her friends in an adventure in the Amazon rainforest against a smuggling organization chopping down hundreds of trees in the jungles of the Amazon.
This is the first time that Tezuka Productions has allowed overseas animators to use Tezuka's characters. Rock Holmes, another character created by Tezuka, has featured as a villain in the story arc. Mauricio's public service work has earned him international recognition. Among the honors he has received are the Brazilian presidential medal of honor for his promotion of human rights. In 2011, he was honored in the seventh edition of the Festival Internacional de Quadrinhos, at Belo Horizonte. Mauricio is the father of ten children, drew inspiration from them for new characters such as Monica, Marina, Mary Angela. Nimbus and Nick Nope. One of his sons, Maurício Spada e Sousa, died of a heart attack on 2 May 2016; some of Mauricio's creations include: Friends -- Mauricio's long-running signature series. Based on his childhood in Mogi das Cruzes and adapting his children to be protagonists of the comics. Monica Teen – Offshoot series from Monica's Gang, featuring Monica and her friends as teenagers in a manga-style publication.
First published in 2008. Blu – Anthropomorphized domestic animals. Blu exchanged dialogue with the "Tracer" of the comic. Chuck Billy'n' Folks - A farmer boy and his friends who live in a rural village in a city in the interior of Brazil. In 2013 it had an offshoot series serving as an extension for Monica Teen. Tina's Pals – A series about a group of teenage friends, aimed at the adolescent audience. Bug-a-Booo – Comic horror stories featuring a ghost, a vampire, a werewolf, a mummy, a grim reaper, all of whom lived in a cemetery. Lionel's Kingdom – Group of wild animals who lived under the reign of a lion king; the Cavern Clan - Starring a smart and unmarried caveman named Pitheco and his friends from the Lem village, living with dinosaurs. Horacio's World – An orphaned and ethical dinosaur. First published in 1963; the Tribe – a Native Brazilian child and his friends, who live in an Amazonian taba. Bubbly the Astronaut – A Brazilian space adventurer who pilotes a round ship. First published in 1963.
Nicodemon – A sarcastic and evil boy, one of few main characters in Mauricio's comics to have a negative personality. Debuted in 1966. Pelézinho – A tribute to Pelé that centered around young Pelézinho and his football playing friends. Published between 70s and 1986. Other similar versions inspired by other Brazilian soccer players like Ronaldinho Gaucho and Neymar Jr. have been published by de Sousa in 2006 and 2013 respectively. Only Ronaldinho Gaucho was syndicated worldwide. Mauricio de Sousa's website Ronaldinho Gaucho su
Game of Thrones
Game of Thrones is an American fantasy drama television series created by David Benioff and D. B. Weiss, it is an adaptation of A Song of Ice and Fire, George R. R. Martin's series of fantasy novels, the first of, A Game of Thrones; the show is filmed in Belfast and elsewhere in Northern Ireland, Croatia, Malta, Scotland and the United States. The series premiered on HBO in the United States on April 17, 2011, will conclude with its eighth season, which will premiere on April 14, 2019. Set on the fictional continents of Westeros and Essos, Game of Thrones has several plots and a large ensemble cast, but follows three story arcs; the first arc is about the Iron Throne of the Seven Kingdoms, follows a web of alliances and conflicts among the noble dynasties either vying to claim the throne or fighting for independence from it. The second story arc focuses on the last descendant of the realm's deposed ruling dynasty, exiled and is plotting a return to the throne; the third story arc follows the Night's Watch, a long-standing brotherhood charged with defending the realm against the ancient threats of the fierce peoples and legendary creatures that lie far north of The Wall, an impending winter that threatens the realm.
Game of Thrones has attracted record viewership on HBO and has a broad, international fan base. It has been acclaimed by critics for its acting, complex characters, story and production values, although its frequent use of nudity and violence has been criticized; the series has received 47 Primetime Emmy Awards, including Outstanding Drama Series in 2015, 2016, 2018, more than any other primetime scripted television series. Its other awards and nominations include three Hugo Awards for Best Dramatic Presentation, a 2011 Peabody Award, five nominations for the Golden Globe Award for Best Television Series – Drama. Of the ensemble cast, Peter Dinklage has won three Primetime Emmy Awards for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Drama Series and the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Series, Miniseries or Television Film for his performance as Tyrion Lannister. Lena Headey, Emilia Clarke, Kit Harington, Maisie Williams, Nikolaj Coster-Waldau, Diana Rigg, Max von Sydow have received Primetime Emmy Award nominations for their performances.
Game of Thrones is based on the storylines of A Song of Ice and Fire, set in the fictional Seven Kingdoms of Westeros and the continent of Essos. The series chronicles the violent dynastic struggles among the realm's noble families for the Iron Throne, while other families fight for independence from it, it opens with additional threats in the icy North and Essos in the east. Showrunner David Benioff jokingly suggested "The Sopranos in Middle-earth" as Game of Thrones' tagline, referring to its intrigue-filled plot and dark tone in a fantasy setting of magic and dragons. In a 2012 study, out of 40 recent TV drama shows, Game of Thrones ranked second in deaths per episode, averaging 14 deaths; the series is praised for what is perceived as a sort of medieval realism. George R. R. Martin set out to make the story feel more like historical fiction than contemporary fantasy, with less emphasis on magic and sorcery and more on battles, political intrigue, the characters, believing that magic should be used moderately in the epic fantasy genre.
Martin has stated that "the true horrors of human history derive not from orcs and Dark Lords, but from ourselves."A common theme in the fantasy genre is the battle between good and evil, which Martin says does not mirror the real world. Just like people's capacity for good and for evil in real life, Martin explores the questions of redemption and character change; the series allows the audience to view different characters from their perspective, unlike in many other fantasies, thus the supposed villains can provide their side of the story. Benioff said, "George brought a measure of harsh realism to high fantasy, he introduced gray tones into a black-and-white universe."In early seasons, under the influence of the A Song of Ice and Fire books, main characters were killed off, this was credited with developing tension among viewers. In seasons, critics pointed out that certain characters had developed "plot armor" to survive in unlikely circumstances, attributed this to Game of Thrones deviating from the novels to become more of a traditional television series.
The series reflects the substantial death rates in war. Although the first season follows the events of the first novel seasons have made significant changes. According to David Benioff, the series is "about adapting the series as a whole and following the map George laid out for us and hitting the major milestones, but not each of the stops along the way"; the novels and their adaptations base aspects of their settings and plot on events in European history. Most of Westeros is reminiscent of high medieval Europe, from lands and cultures, to the palace intrigue, feudal system and knightly tournaments. A principal inspiration for the novels is the English Wars of the Roses between the houses of Lancaster and York, reflected in Martin's houses of Lannister and Stark; the scheming Cersei Lannister evokes Isabella, the "she-wolf of France". Holland further proposes that other historical antecedents of series elements include Hadrian's Wall, the Roman Empire, the legend of Atlantis, Byzantine Greek fire, Icelandi
São Paulo (state)
São Paulo is one of the 26 states of the Federative Republic of Brazil and is named after Saint Paul of Tarsus. As the richest Brazilian state and a major industrial complex dubbed the "locomotive of Brazil", the state is responsible for 33.9% of the Brazilian GDP. São Paulo has the second highest Human Development Index and GDP per capita, the fourth lowest infant mortality rate, the third highest life expectancy, the third lowest rate of illiteracy among the federative units of Brazil, being by far, the safest state in the country; the homicide rate is 3.8 per 100 thousand as of 2018 1/4 of the Brazilian rate. São Paulo alone is richer than Argentina, Uruguay and Bolivia combined. If São Paulo were an independent country, its nominal GDP would be ranked among the top 20 in the world; the economy of São Paulo State is the most developed in Brazil. With more than 45 million inhabitants in 2017, São Paulo is the most populous Brazilian state, the most populous national subdivision in the Americas, the third most populous political unit of South America, surpassed only by the rest of the Brazilian Federation and Colombia.
The local population is one of the most diverse in the country and descended from Italians, who began immigrating to the country in the late 19th century. In addition, Germans, Japanese and Greeks are present in the ethnic composition of the local population; the area that today corresponds to the state territory was inhabited by indigenous peoples from 12,000 BC. In the early 16th century, the coast of the region was visited by Portuguese and Spanish explorers and navigators. In 1532 Martim Afonso de Sousa would establish the first Portuguese permanent settlement in the Americas—the village of São Vicente, in the Baixada Santista. In the 17th century, the paulistas bandeirantes intensified the exploration of the interior of the colony, which expanded the territorial domain of Portugal and the Portuguese Empire in South America. In the 18th century, after the establishment of the Province of São Paulo, the region began to gain political weight. After independence in 1820, São Paulo began to become a major agricultural producer in the newly constituted Empire of Brazil, which created a rich regional rural oligarchy, which would switch on the command of the Brazilian government with Minas Gerais's elites during the early republican period in the 1880s.
Under the Vargas Era, the state was one of the first to initiate a process of industrialization and its population became one of the most urban of the federation. The city of São Paulo, the homonymous state capital, is ranked as the world's 12th largest city and its metropolitan area, with 20 million inhabitants, is the 9th largest in the world and second in the Americas, after Greater Mexico City. Regions near the city of São Paulo are metropolitan areas, such as Campinas, Sorocaba and São José dos Campos; the total population of these areas coupled with the state capital—the so-called "Expanded Metropolitan Complex of São Paulo"—exceeds 30 million inhabitants, i.e. 75 percent of the population of São Paulo statewide, the first macro-metropolis in the southern hemisphere, joining 65 municipalities that together are home to 12 percent of the Brazilian population. In pre-European times, the area, now São Paulo state was occupied by the Tupi people's nation, who subsisted through hunting and cultivation.
The first European to settle in the area was João Ramalho, a Portuguese sailor who may have been shipwrecked around 1510, ten years after the first Portuguese landfall in Brazil. He became a settler. In 1532, the first colonial expedition, led by Martim Afonso de Sousa of Portugal, landed at São Vicente. De Sousa added Ramalho's settlement to his colony. Early European colonisation of Brazil was limited. Portugal was more interested in Asia, but with English and French raiding privateer ships just off the coast, the territory had to be protected. Unwilling to shoulder the burden of naval defence himself, the Portuguese ruler, King Joao III, divided the coast into "captaincies", or swathes of land, 50 leagues apart, he distributed them among well-connected Portuguese. The early port and sugar-cultivating settlement of São Vicente was one rare success connected to this policy. In 1548, João III brought Brazil under direct royal control. Fearing Indian attack, he discouraged development of the territory's vast interior.
Some whites headed nonetheless for Piratininga, a plateau near São Vicente, drawn by its navigable rivers and agricultural potential. Borda do Campo, the plateau settlement, became an official town in 1553; the history of São Paulo city proper begins with the founding of a Jesuit mission of the Roman Catholic order of clergy on January 25, 1554—the anniversary of Saint Paul's conversion. The station, at the heart of the current city, was named São Paulo dos Campos de Piratininga. In 1560, the threat of Indian attack led many to flee from the exposed Santo André da Borda do Campo to the walled fortified Colegio. Two years the Colégio was besieged. Though the town survived, fighting took place sporadically for another three decades. By 1600, the town had about 1,500 citizens and 150 household
Jim Lee is a Korean American comic-book artist, writer and publisher. He is the Co-Publisher and Chief Creative Officer of DC Comics. In recognition of his work, Lee has received a Harvey Award, Inkpot Award and three Wizard Fan Awards, he entered the industry in 1987 as an artist for Marvel Comics, illustrating titles such as Alpha Flight and The Punisher War Journal, before gaining popularity on The Uncanny X-Men. X-Men No. 1, the 1991 spin-off series premiere that Lee penciled and co-wrote with Chris Claremont, remains the best-selling comic book of all time, according to Guinness World Records. In 1992, Lee and several other artists formed their own publishing company, Image Comics to publish their creator-owned titles, with Lee publishing titles such as WildC. A. T.s and Gen¹³ through his studio WildStorm Productions. Eschewing the role of publisher in order to return to illustration, Lee sold WildStorm in 1998 to DC Comics, where he continued to run it as a DC imprint until 2010, as well as illustrating successful titles set in DC's main fictional universe, such as the year-long "Batman: Hush" and "Superman: For Tomorrow" storylines, books including Superman Unchained, the New 52 run of Justice League.
On February 18, 2010, Lee was announced as the new Co-Publisher of DC Comics with Dan DiDio, both replacing Paul Levitz. Lee was born on August 1964 in Seoul, South Korea, he grew up in St. Louis, where he lived a "typical middle-class childhood". Though given a Korean name at birth, he chose the name Jim when he became a naturalized U. S. citizen at age 12. Lee attended River Bend Elementary School in Chesterfield and St. Louis Country Day School, where he drew posters for school plays. Having had to learn English when he first came to the U. S. presented the young Lee with the sense of being an outsider, as did the "preppy, upper-class" atmosphere of Country Day. As a result, on the rare occasions that his parents bought him comics, Lee's favorite characters were the X-Men, because they were outsiders themselves. Lee says that he benefited as an artist by connecting with characters that were themselves disenfranchised, like Spider-Man, or who were born of such backgrounds, such as Superman, created by two Jewish men from Cleveland to lift their spirits during the Depression.
His classmates predicted in his senior yearbook. Despite this, Lee was resigned to following his father's career in medicine, attending Princeton University to study psychology, with the intention of becoming a medical doctor. In 1986, as he was preparing to graduate, Lee took an art class that reignited his love of drawing, led to his rediscovery of comics at a time when seminal works such as Frank Miller's The Dark Knight Returns and Alan Moore and Dave Gibbons' Watchmen spurred a renaissance within the American comics industry. After obtaining his psychology degree, he decided to postpone applying to medical school, earned the reluctant blessing of his parents by allotting himself one year to succeed, vowing that he would attend medical school if he did not break into the comic book industry in that time, he did not find success. When Lee befriended St. Louis-area comics artists Don Secrease and Rick Burchett, they convinced him he needed to show his portfolio to editors in person, prompting Lee to attend a New York comics convention, where he met editor Archie Goodwin.
Goodwin invited Lee to Marvel Comics, where the aspiring artist received his first assignment by editor Carl Potts, who hired him to pencil the mid-list series Alpha Flight, seguéing from that title in 1989 to Punisher: War Journal. Lee's work on the Punisher: War Journal was inspired by artists such as Frank Miller, David Ross, Kevin Nowlan, Whilce Portacio, as well as Japanese manga. In 1989, Lee filled in for regular illustrator Marc Silvestri on Uncanny X-Men No. 248 and did another guest stint on issues No. 256 through No. 258 as part of the "Acts of Vengeance" storyline becoming the series' ongoing artist with issue No. 267, following Silvestri's departure. During his stint on Uncanny, Lee first worked with inker Scott Williams, who would become a long-time collaborator. During his run on the title, Lee co-created the character Gambit with long-time X-Men writer Chris Claremont. Lee's artwork gained popularity in the eyes of enthusiastic fans, which allowed him to gain greater creative control of the franchise.
In 1991, Lee helped launch a second X-Men series called X-Men volume 2, as both the artist and as co-writer with Claremont. X-Men vol. 2 No. 1 is still the best-selling comic book of all-time with sales of over 8.1 million copies and nearly $7 million, according to a public proclamation by Guinness World Records at the 2010 San Diego Comic-Con. The sales figures were generated in part by publishing the issue with five different variant covers, four of which show different characters from the book that formed a single image when laid side by side, a fifth, gatefold cover of that combined image, large numbers of which were purchased by retailers who anticipated fans and speculators who would buy multiple copies in order to acquire a complete collection of the covers. Lee designed new character uniforms for the series, including those worn by Cyclops, Jean Grey, Rogue and Storm and created the villain Omega Red. Actor/comedian Taran Killam, who has ventured into comics writing with The Illegitimates, has cited X-Men No. 1 as the book that inspired his interest in comics.
Stan Lee interviewed Lee in the documentary series The Comic Book Greats. Enticed by the idea of being able to exert more control over his own work, in 1992, Lee accepted the invitation to join six other artists who broke away from Marvel
Nicole Evangeline Lilly is a Canadian actress. She gained fame for her role as the character Kate Austen in the ABC program Lost, she is known for her roles as Connie James in The Hurt Locker, Bailey Tallet in Real Steel, Tauriel in The Hobbit film series, in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, she starred as the superhero Hope van Dyne / Wasp in the films Ant-Man and Ant-Man and the Wasp. She will reprise her role in the upcoming Avengers: Endgame. Lilly was born in Fort Saskatchewan in Alberta, she was raised in her father, a produce manager. She has a younger sister. Lilly graduated from W. J. Mouat Secondary School in Abbotsford, British Columbia. While in college, she worked as a waitress, did "oil changes and grease jobs on big rig trucks", worked as a flight attendant for Royal Airlines to pay for her tuition, she grew up Christian. Her religion influenced her to visit the Philippine Islands at 18-years old, her interest in humanitarian causes and world development led her to major in International Relations at the University of British Columbia.
Lilly's acting career began when she was discovered by a Ford Modeling Agency agent while walking the streets of Kelowna, British Columbia. She took the agent's business card but did not pursue acting, she called and the agency landed her several roles in commercials and non-speaking parts in the TV shows Smallville and Kingdom Hospital. Lilly was encouraged to audition for ABC's Lost by a friend and she did not expect to get cast; as the secrecy campaign prevented the auditioning actors from accessing the full script, forcing them to read short scenes and only know the basic premise of people surviving a plane crash on a tropical island – which reminded Lilly of The Blue Lagoon – she thought Lost would "at best be a mediocre TV show". Around 75 women auditioned for the part of Kate Austen. Writer and co-creator Damon Lindelof said that he and executive producer and co-creator J. J. Abrams "were fast-forwarding through a tape, he saw her and said,'That's the girl.'" The character had to be recast, as Lilly had trouble acquiring a work visa to enter the United States.
Her application was accepted after nearly 20 tries and she arrived in Hawaii for filming one day late. Lost ran for six seasons from 2004 to 2010, it was one of the top shows on ABC's primetime schedule during its run, winning one Golden Globe Award and ten Primetime Emmy Awards, including Outstanding Drama Series in 2005, was ranked the top-rated TV show of the decade by IMDb. Lilly appeared in 108 of the show's 121 episodes, her character, Kate Austen, was the show's female lead. Entertainment Weekly voted Lilly one of its "Breakout Stars of 2004." In 2006, she was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Television Series Drama. Robert Bianco of USA Today praised Lilly's performance in the episode "Eggtown", saying that it was worthy of a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series nomination. In 2007, Lilly's portrayal was voted #1 Sexiest Woman on Television by TV Guide and made FHM's Top Sexiest. Evangeline was voted one of People Magazine's'50 Most Beautiful People'.
After shooting the final episode of Lost, Lilly said she was considering taking a break from acting to focus on her charity and humanitarian efforts. She told Vulture, "I consider acting a day job — it's not my dream, she says she uses her high-profile roles to further her humanitarian efforts, not to achieve stardom. In 2008, Lilly appeared in the Academy Award-winning film The Hurt Locker, she and the rest of the cast won the Gotham Independent Film Award for Best Ensemble Cast and the Washington D. C. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best Ensemble. Lilly followed this role with a leading part in psychological thriller film Afterwards. In 2010, Lilly stated her intention to focus on feature film roles. On May 11, 2010, Lilly announced on The View that she places writing and being a mother as top priorities, but she likes acting as a day job and she will continue acting when possible. Lilly was not in contact with Hollywood at all. In 2011, she appeared as Bailey Tallet in Real Steel. Despite having turned down a number of film offers, she traveled to Los Angeles to get the part after director Shawn Levy sent her the script.
Levy said: "She's magnificent to look at, she's soulful, she's sexy. I needed. Bailey needed to have a strength and a toughness, not at the expense of her being womanly."In 2012, Lilly was cast as the Mirkwood elf Tauriel in Peter Jackson's three-part adaptation of J. R. R. Tolkien's The Hobbit; the character, which does not appear in the original book by Tolkien, was created by Peter Jackson and Fran Walsh as the head of the Elven guard who wields a bow and two daggers as weapons. Lilly, a fan of Tolkien's books since she was 13, underwent training for swordplay and archery, as well as in the Elvish language for the role. In 2015, Lilly played Hope van Dyne / Wasp in the superhero film Ant-Man, reprised her role in the sequel, Ant-Man and the Wasp, Marvel's first movie to feature a female hero in the title. Lilly will return alongside Paul Rudd in Avengers: Endgame, she will star alongside Gary Oldman in Dreamland, directed by Nicholas Jarecki. In June 2010, Lilly announced on The Late Late Show with Craig Ferguson that she would be writing a children's book and recited several excerpts.
The Goonies is a 1985 American adventure comedy film directed by Richard Donner, who produced with Harvey Bernhard. The screenplay was written by Chris Columbus from a story by executive producer Steven Spielberg. A band of kids who live in the "Goon Docks" neighborhood of Astoria, attempt to save their homes from demolition and in doing so, discover an old Spanish map that leads them on an adventure to unearth the long-lost fortune of One-Eyed Willy, a legendary 17th-century pirate. During the entire adventure, they are chased by a family of criminals, who want the treasure for themselves. Warner Bros. released it on June 1985, in the United States. The film has become a cult film. In 2017, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally or aesthetically significant". Facing foreclosure of their homes in the Goon Docks area of Astoria, Oregon, to an expanding country club, a group of children who call themselves "the Goonies" gather for a final weekend together.
The Goonies include optimist Mikey Walsh, his older brother, the inventive Data, the talkative Mouth and the overweight klutz Chunk. Rummaging through the Walshes' attic, they come across a 1632 doubloon and an old treasure map purporting to lead to the famous pirate "One-Eyed" Willy's hoard located somewhere nearby, whom Mikey considers to be the original "Goonie"; the kids elude Brandon and make their way to a derelict restaurant on the coast that coincides with the map. The group discovers the defunct restaurant is being used as a hideout by the criminal Fratelli family: Francis, "Mama"; the Goonies find an underground tunnel in the basement and follow it, but Chunk is captured by the Fratellis and tied up with their deformed, immensely strong younger brother, Sloth. The Fratellis intimidate Chunk until he reveals where the Goonies have gone, begin pursuit. Chunk befriends him. Sloth frees them and Chunk calls the police they follow the Fratellis; the Goonies evade several deadly booby traps along the tunnels while staying ahead of the Fratellis.
They reach the grotto where Willy's pirate ship, the Inferno, is anchored. After the children fall into a hidden cave, they emerge from the water to find a pirate ship; the kids discover the ship is filled with start filling their pockets. As they leave the ship, the Fratellis strip them of their loot, they hold them hostage until they give up the jewels. Chunk distracts the Fratellis long enough for the Goonies to jump overboard. With the children gone, the Fratellis proceed to grab all the treasure they can, including those on Willy's scales; this triggers another trap. The two groups emerge on Astoria's beach, where they meet the police; the Fratellis are captured. As the kids eagerly describe their adventure to their parents, Mikey discovers that his marble bag had not been taken by the Fratellis and is filled with gems he took from the ship. Mikey's father rips up the foreclosure papers, declaring they have enough money to buy their homes back. Chunk invites Sloth to live with him; as the Goonies celebrate, they see the Inferno, having broken free of the grotto, sailing off on its own in the distance.
Sean Astin as Michael "Mikey" Walsh Josh Brolin as Brandon "Brand" Walsh Jeff Cohen as Lawrence "Chunk" Cohen Corey Feldman as Clark "Mouth" Devereaux Kerri Green as Andrea "Andy" Carmichael Martha Plimpton as Stephanie "Stef" Steinbrenner Jonathan Ke Huy Quan as Richard "Data" Wang John Matuszak as Sloth Fratelli Robert Davi as Jake Fratelli Joe Pantoliano as Francis Fratelli Anne Ramsey as Mama Fratelli Mary Ellen Trainor as Irene Walsh Keith Walker as Irving Walsh Steve Antin as Troy Perkins Lupe Ontiveros as Rosalita Michael Paul Chan as Mr. Wang Charles McDaniel as Mr. Cohen Paul Tuerpe as SheriffDirector Richard Donner makes a cameo appearance as a deputy; the film’s cinematographer, Nick McLean has a cameo as Mouth's father. Principal photography on The Goonies lasted five months. There was an additional six weeks of audio dubbing recording; the shooting script was lengthy, at more than 120 pages, several sequences were cut from the final theatrical version. During the film's dénouement, mention is made of an octopus which refers to a scene, excised from the final cut.
In The Making of The Goonies, director Richard Donner notes the difficulties and pleasures of working with so many child actors. Donner praises them for their energy and excitement, but says that they were unruly when brought together; the documentary shows him coaching the young actors and reveals some techniques he used to get realistic performances. One of these tricks involved One-Eyed Willy's ship, a full-sized mock-up of a pirate ship created under the direction of production designer J. Michael Riva. Donner restricted the child actors from seeing the ship until they filmed the scene wherein it is revealed to their characters; the characters' first glimpse of the ship was thus the actors' first view of it, bringing about a more realistic performance. However, that particular scene in the movie is the second take, as the cast was so overwhelmed at first sight that the scene had to be re-shot, it was noted that the entire set was s
Brazil the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers and with over 208 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the fifth most populous. Its capital is Brasília, its most populated city is São Paulo; the federation is composed of the union of the 26 states, the Federal District, the 5,570 municipalities. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas. Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 kilometers, it borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile and covers 47.3% of the continent's land area. Its Amazon River basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats; this unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries, is the subject of significant global interest and debate regarding deforestation and environmental protection.
Brazil was inhabited by numerous tribal nations prior to the landing in 1500 of explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral, who claimed the area for the Portuguese Empire. Brazil remained a Portuguese colony until 1808, when the capital of the empire was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro. In 1815, the colony was elevated to the rank of kingdom upon the formation of the United Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves. Independence was achieved in 1822 with the creation of the Empire of Brazil, a unitary state governed under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system; the ratification of the first constitution in 1824 led to the formation of a bicameral legislature, now called the National Congress. The country became a presidential republic in 1889 following a military coup d'état. An authoritarian military junta came to power in 1964 and ruled until 1985, after which civilian governance resumed. Brazil's current constitution, formulated in 1988, defines it as a democratic federal republic. Due to its rich culture and history, the country ranks thirteenth in the world by number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Brazil is considered an advanced emerging economy. It has the ninth largest GDP in the world by nominal, eight and PPP measures, it is one of the world's major breadbaskets, being the largest producer of coffee for the last 150 years. It is classified as an upper-middle income economy by the World Bank and a newly industrialized country, with the largest share of global wealth in Latin America. Brazil is a regional power and sometimes considered a great or a middle power in international affairs. On account of its international recognition and influence, the country is subsequently classified as an emerging power and a potential superpower by several analysts. Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations, the G20, BRICS, Union of South American Nations, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, it is that the word "Brazil" comes from the Portuguese word for brazilwood, a tree that once grew plentifully along the Brazilian coast.
In Portuguese, brazilwood is called pau-brasil, with the word brasil given the etymology "red like an ember", formed from brasa and the suffix -il. As brazilwood produces a deep red dye, it was valued by the European textile industry and was the earliest commercially exploited product from Brazil. Throughout the 16th century, massive amounts of brazilwood were harvested by indigenous peoples along the Brazilian coast, who sold the timber to European traders in return for assorted European consumer goods; the official Portuguese name of the land, in original Portuguese records, was the "Land of the Holy Cross", but European sailors and merchants called it the "Land of Brazil" because of the brazilwood trade. The popular appellation eclipsed and supplanted the official Portuguese name; some early sailors called it the "Land of Parrots". In the Guarani language, an official language of Paraguay, Brazil is called "Pindorama"; this was the name the indigenous population gave to the region, meaning "land of the palm trees".
Some of the earliest human remains found in the Americas, Luzia Woman, were found in the area of Pedro Leopoldo, Minas Gerais and provide evidence of human habitation going back at least 11,000 years. The earliest pottery found in the Western Hemisphere was excavated in the Amazon basin of Brazil and radiocarbon dated to 8,000 years ago; the pottery was found near Santarém and provides evidence that the tropical forest region supported a complex prehistoric culture. The Marajoara culture flourished on Marajó in the Amazon delta from 800 CE to 1400 CE, developing sophisticated pottery, social stratification, large populations, mound building, complex social formations such as chiefdoms. Around the time of the Portuguese arrival, the territory of current day Brazil had an estimated indigenous population of 7 million people semi-nomadic who subsisted on hunting, fishing and migrant agriculture; the indigenous population of Brazil comprised several large indigenous ethnic groups. The Tupí people were subdivided into the Tupiniquins and Tupinambás, there were many subdivisions of the other gro