Robot Archie is the name of a fictional comic book character from Lion, a weekly British boys' adventure title. Robot Archie appeared in Lion Issue #1 in February 1952. Lion was a science fiction action-adventure title in the mold of Eagle, was a direct competitor to it. Archie began his career in Lion with the moniker The Jungle Robot; the character was created by artist Ted Kearon. The strip lasted 25 weeks before it took a five-year hiatus and returned in 1957 as Archie, The Robot Explorer becoming better known as Robot Archie; the strip was one of Lion's most popular during the'60s, but the character's adventures ended when Lion was cancelled in May'74. However, Robot Archie strips did appear in colour in Vulcan, a short-lived weekly title which lasted until 1976; the series was published in France and the Netherlands, was popular there. In the Netherlands, beginning in 1971, Robot Archie appeared in the comics magazine Sjors, for which Bert Bus drew new Archie material, two or three series of albums, which -- like the Archie publication in France -- were halted in the early'80s.
After that, Robot Archie remained well-loved by fans. He made a brief cameo showing under the name "Android Andy" in Alan Moore and Alan Davis's run on Captain Britain for Marvel UK. Subsequently, Archie emerged in the pages of Grant Morrison's Zenith strip in 2000 AD. There, he was portrayed as a burned-out acid casualty calling himself "Acid Archie". In 2004, a new "Classic Archie" adventure by Bert Bus was published in Dutch. In 2005, it was announced that Robot Archie, as well as all of IPC's adventure heroes, would appear in a new six-issue mini-series, to be published by the Wildstorm imprint of DC Comics. Called Albion, the series was plotted by Alan Moore, written by Leah Moore and John Reppion, with art by Shane Oakley and George Freeman. Robot Archie is featured on the cover of the first issue, drawn by Dave Gibbons. Robot Archie was built by Professor C. R. Ritchie to be the world's most powerful mechanical man, he was dubbed "The Jungle Robot", was controlled remotely by Professor Ritchie, along with nephew Ted Ritchie and Ken Dale, his best friend.
Robot Archie's adventures started off as conventional action-thrillers, with Archie and his friends battling criminals and jungle creatures, but over time, he began to fight more fantastic and dangerous villains and aliens, including The Sludge, a monster that had had its own strip in Lion. Archie could not speak, but around 1966, he gained a voice box, revealing a boastful, yet charming, personality; when Robot Archie re-appeared in the pages of Grant Morrison's Zenith as "Acid Archie", he was part of a team of heroes called "Black Flag". Archie was destroyed by Ruby Fox, a.k.a. "Voltage", in Phase IV, when she short-circuited him whilst he was trying to rip off her head. But, revealed to have been a copy of Archie within the Chimera pocket universe, as he is seen partying with Zenith and Peter St. John, a.k.a. "Mandala" during the Epilogue. Archie surfaced in zzzenith.com, in the special Prog 2001 edition of 2000AD, where Zenith explained that rust in the brain-pan had caused Archie's personality to switch from anarchist Acid-House aficionado, to vigilante, hunting down sex-offenders with a lethal vigour.
He was last seen in the story wearing a false beard, as he escaped on a bus after sexually assaulting popstar Britney Spears. Robot Archie's swan song was in Albion, where he was found in the basement of a Manchester pub by Penny Dolmann, who repaired and modified him in order to rescue her father, he was being held in an isolated prison where men and women, some innocent, were sent for the'crime' of being different. Archie was destroyed whilst acting as a decoy for Penny. Albion Lion Zenith Robot Archie at International Superhero History of Lion at comicsuk
Jet-Ace Logan was a British comic strip that appeared in The Comet and Tiger, issues of Thriller Picture Library, plus the 1969 and 1972 Tiger Annuals. It was drawn by John Gillat, writers contributing scripts included David Motton, Kenneth Bulmer, Frank S. Pepper; the hero, Jim "Jet-Ace" Logan, was an ace interplanetary pilot of the RAF. In all but the earliest stories, his regular copilot, Plum-Duff Charteris, accompanied Jet-Ace. Many of the insightful scenarios, written in the 1950s, seem applicable more than a half a century later. For example, in one adventure, Jet-Ace was involved in fighting a group of aliens who endeavored to destroy humankind by contaminating the planet's atmosphere. In stories, Jet-Ace and Plumduff belonged to various law enforcement agencies, such as the Solar Police, rather than military organizations; the Finnish cartoonist Petri Hiltunen created a spoof of Jet-Ace, Rocket Reynolds, under a pseudonym "Valentin Kalpa". Mike Butterworth created Jet-Ace Logan, he scripted the first adventure.
All subsequent adventures appearing in Comet were scripted by David Motton, drawn by John Gillat. David Motton scripted Jet-Ace Logan stories for Thriller Picture Library, namely'Times Five','Seven Went To Sirius' and'Ten Days To doom'. Tiger Annual, 1963. Tiger Annual, 1968. Tiger Annual, 1969
A comic book or comicbook called comic magazine or comic, is a publication that consists of comic art in the form of sequential juxtaposed panels that represent individual scenes. Panels are accompanied by brief descriptive prose and written narrative dialog contained in word balloons emblematic of the comics art form. Although comics has some origins in 18th century Japan, comic books were first popularized in the United States and the United Kingdom during the 1930s; the first modern comic book, Famous Funnies, was released in the U. S. in 1933 and was a reprinting of earlier newspaper humor comic strips, which had established many of the story-telling devices used in comics. The term comic book derives from American comic books once being a compilation of comic strips of a humorous tone; the largest comic book market is Japan. By 1995, the manga market in Japan was valued at ¥586.4 billion, with annual sales of 1.9 billion manga books/magazines in Japan. The comic book market in the United States and Canada was valued at $1.09 billion in 2016.
As of 2017, the largest comic book publisher in the United States is manga distributor Viz Media, followed by DC Comics and Marvel Comics. Another major comic book market is France, where Franco-Belgian comics and Japanese manga each represent 40% of the market, followed by American comics at 10% market share. Comic books are reliant on their appearance. Authors focus on the frame of the page, size and panel positions; these characteristic aspects of comic books are necessary in conveying the content and messages of the author. The key elements of comic books include panels, balloons and characters. Balloons are convex spatial containers of information that are related to a character using a tail element; the tail has an origin, path and pointed direction. Key tasks in the creation of comic books are writing and coloring. Comics as a print medium have existed in America since the printing of The Adventures of Mr. Obadiah Oldbuck in 1842 in hardcover, making it the first known American prototype comic book.
Proto-comics periodicals began appearing early in the 20th century, with historians citing Dell Publishing's 36-page Famous Funnies: A Carnival of Comics as the first true American comic book. The introduction of Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster's Superman in 1938 turned comic books into a major industry and ushered the Golden Age of Comics; the Golden Age originated the archetype of the superhero. According to historian Michael A. Amundson, appealing comic-book characters helped ease young readers' fear of nuclear war and neutralize anxiety about the questions posed by atomic power. Historians divide the timeline of the American comic book into eras; the Golden Age of Comic Books began in the 1930s. The Silver Age of comic books is considered to date from the first successful revival of the then-dormant superhero form, with the debut of the Flash in Showcase #4; the Silver Age lasted through the late 1960s or early 1970s, during which time Marvel Comics revolutionized the medium with such naturalistic superheroes as Stan Lee and Jack Kirby's Fantastic Four and Lee and Steve Ditko's Spider-Man.
The demarcation between the Silver Age and the following era, the Bronze Age of Comic Books, is less well-defined, with the Bronze Age running from the early 1970s through the mid-1980s. The Modern Age of Comic Books runs from the mid-1980s to the present day. A notable event in the history of the American comic book came with psychiatrist Fredric Wertham's criticisms of the medium in his book Seduction of the Innocent, which prompted the American Senate Subcommittee on Juvenile Delinquency to investigate comic books. In response to attention from the government and from the media, the U. S. comic book industry set up the Comics Magazine Association of America. The CMAA instilled the Comics Code Authority in 1954 and drafted the self-censorship Comics Code that year, which required all comic books to go through a process of approval, it was not until the 1970s that comic books could be published without passing through the inspection of the CMAA. The Code was made formally defunct in November 2011.
In the late 1960s and early 1970s, a surge of creativity emerged in what became known as underground comix. Published and distributed independently of the established comics industry, most of such comics reflected the youth counterculture and drug culture of the time. Many had an uninhibited irreverent style. Underground comics were never sold at newsstands, but rather in such youth-oriented outlets as head shops and record stores, as well as by mail order. Frank Stack's The Adventures of Jesus, published under the name Foolbert Sturgeon, has been credited as the first underground comic; the rise of comic book specialty stores in the late 1970s created/paralleled a dedicated market for "independent" or "alternative comics" in the U. S; the first such comics included the anthology series Star Reach, published by comic book writer Mike Friedrich from 1974 to 1979, Harvey Pekar's American Splendor, which continued sporadic publication into the 21st century and which Shari Springer Berman an
The Dandy was a British children's comic published by the Dundee based publisher DC Thomson. The first issue was printed in December 1937, making it the world's third-longest running comic, after Il Giornalino and Detective Comics. From August 2007 until October 2010, it was rebranded as Dandy Xtreme. One of the best selling comics in British popular culture, along with The Beano, The Dandy reached sales of two million a week in the 1950s; the final printed edition was issued on 4 December 2012, the comic's 75th anniversary, after sales slumped to 8,000 a week. On the same day, The Dandy relaunched as an online comic, The Digital Dandy, appearing on the Dandy website and in the Dandy App; the digital relaunch was not successful and the comic ended just six months later. The first issue, under the name The Dandy Comic, was published on 4 December 1937; the most notable difference between this and other comics of the day was the use of speech balloons instead of captions under the frame. It was published weekly until 6 September 1941, when wartime paper shortages forced it to change to fortnightly, alternating with The Beano.
It returned to weekly publication on 30 July 1949. From 17 July 1950 the magazine changed its name to The Dandy. In 1938, less than a year after the comic's debut, the first Dandy Annual was released. Called The Dandy Monster comic, this was an annual bumper edition of the comic and has been released annually since then. In 1954 the first Desperate Dan Book was released consisting of reprints. Another was released in 1978, it was released yearly between 1990 and 1992. Bananaman and Black Bob had their own annuals. Although issues were all comic strips, early issues had many text strips, with some illustrations. In 1940, this meant 8 pages of text stories. Text stories at two pages each were "Jimmy's Pocket Grandpa", "British Boys and Girls Go West", "There's a Curse on the King" and "Swallowed by a Whale!" In 1963 the first Dandy summer special was published, a joint Dandy-The Beano summer special. In 1982 the Dandy comic libraries were released, which became known as the Fun Size Dandy; these were small-format comics featuring one or two long stories starring characters from The Dandy and other DC Thomson comics.
In September 1985, the ailing Nutty was merged with The Dandy, bringing with it the Bananaman strip the third-longest-running strip still in the comic. Just over a year the short-lived Hoot was merged with The Dandy, most notably incorporating the character Cuddles into the pre-existing comic strip Dimples to form Cuddles and Dimples, another of The Dandy's longest running comic strips. After issue 3282 The Dandy underwent a radical format overhaul; the comic changed format and content, reflecting a more television-oriented style, now printed on glossy magazine paper instead of gravure. The price was raised from 70p to £1.20, a new comic strip called "Office Hours" appeared, two new ones started, though they were revivals from a few years earlier. In August 2007, The Dandy had another update, becoming the fortnightly comic-magazine hybrid Dandy Xtreme, priced at £2.50. Unlike previous incarnations, Dandy characters did not grace the cover every issue; the Dandy Xtreme had a theme for each issue a film or TV show.
From 27 October 2010 The Dandy dropped "Xtreme" from its title. The contents received a major overhaul, all the comic strips from the Xtreme era except for Desperate Dan and The Bogies were dropped. Bananaman was taken over by a new artist, Wayne Thompson, Korky the Cat, who appeared in the comic's first issue in 1937, made a return drawn by Phil Corbett. Korky's strip was changed from 1 -- 2 pages to 3 panels. Many new celebrity spoofs such as Cheryl's Mole became a feature, but other new strips included Pre-Skool Prime Minister and George vs Dragon, drawn by Jamie Smart and Andy Fanton; the 76-page Christmas special featured a pantomime, a 12-page Harry Hill strip, free gifts, the return of some characters. More recent new strips are "Punslinger", "Dad's Turn To Cook", "My Freaky Family", "Animals Eat The Funniest Things", "Star T. Rex" and "Brian Damage". Song parodies and fake recipes appeared in The Dandy. On 19 March 2012 the Royal Mail launched a special stamp collection to celebrate Britain's rich comic book history, which included The Dandy among many others.
A follow-up to Waverly Book's The History of The Beano: The Story So Far, called The Art and History of The Dandy, was released in August 2012, the Dandy's 75th anniversary year. A Waverly book about The Dandy was to be released in 2007 for the comic's 70th birthday, but was cancelled with no explanation; the last print edition of the Dandy, a 100-page edition featuring a countdown of the comic's "Top 75 Characters", was published on 4 December 2012. However, The Dandy continued online and in the Dandy App, with long-running characters like "Desperate Dan", "Bananaman", "Blinky", "Sneaker" and "Hyde & Shriek" making the transition to digital alongside a re-imagined version of "Keyhole Kate" - transformed from nosey parker into a schoolgirl sleuth - a new take on former "Beezer" characters "The Numskulls", a superhero team consisting of revamped versions of former D. C. Thomson action stars - including Th
Joker (comic strip)
Joker was a British comic strip. It first appeared in Knockout issue 1 on 12 June 1971. Knockout merged with Whizzer and Chips in 1973. Joker stayed in Whizzer and Chips as a Whizz-kid until the end, when he continued in Buster until the close of the comic on 4 January 2000. On the "last page" of Buster, Joker reveals; the strip was written by Malcolm Morrison, illustrated by Sid Burgon
Luck of the Legion
Luck of the Legion was a British adventure comics series, published in the magazine Eagle, written by Geoffrey Bond and illustrated by Martin Aitchison. It ran from 1952 to 1961; the series followed the exploits of the French Foreign Legion in North Africa and focused on the chisel-jawed British hero Sergeant "Tough" Luck and his faithful companions, Belgian Corporal Trenet and Italian Legionnaire Bimberg. Bimberg was the comic relief and fat and perpetually dishevelled, with a battered kepi; the strip was set in a vaguely pre - World War I period of colourful uniforms and unquestioned imperial values. Sergeant Luck and his companions saw service elsewhere in the French colonial empire - such as Indo-China or West Africa; however their adventures were focussed around isolated forts located in the Sahara. Adversaries were tribesmen whose dress was inexplicably Saudi Arabian rather than Algerian or Moroccan. However, on occasion Sergeant Luck found himself in conflict with unbalanced or traitorous senior officers.
Because of the success of the Eagle comic strip, writer Geoffrey Bond wrote a series of novels based on the characters. These were: Luck of the Legion Sergeant Luck Takes Over Carry On, Sergeant Luck! Sergeant Luck's Secret Mission Sergeant Luck's Desert Adventure The Return of Sergeant Luck Two of the above novels were published in France under the Collection Signe de Piste, with artwork by French artist Pierre Joubert; these novels were published in both soft and hard covers: Les Tigres de Chaï-Fang - 1968 La Garnison Fantôme - 1969 Martin Aitcheson at DanDare.org Eagle artists: Martin Aitcheson, Eagle Times, 8 January 2008 Eagle writers - Geoffrey Bond aka Alan Jason, Eagle Times, 31 December 2009 Martin Aitcheson on Lambiek Comiclopedia
Charlie Peace (comics)
The Astounding Adventures of Charlie Peace was a comic strip in the UK comic Buster, based on the real-life exploits of nineteenth-century thief Charles Peace, though the first strip appeared July 20, 1964 in Valiant. When it started it was set in Victorian times, but in an episode published in January 1968, Charlie was tricked by an inventor into entering a time machine disguised as a safe, transported to modern London; the strip was drawn by Eric Bradbury followed by Tom Kerr, Jack Pamby, Alan Philpott, Doug Maxted and Anon. In 2005, Peace was featured in the comic series Albion by Leah Moore and John Reppion. In that series Charlie teams up with two much-younger allies to crack a prison, holding guilty and innocent special beings, imprisoned for being different