Avermes is a French commune in the Allier department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of central France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Avermoises; the commune has been awarded two flowers by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom. Avermes is located in the north-east of Allier department in Sologne Bourbonnaise natural region north-west of Moulins. Access to the commune is by Route nationale N7 which comes from Villeneuve-sur-Allier in the north passing through the heart of the commune, with an exit just north of the town, continues south-east, bypassing Moulins, to Bessay-sur-Allier in the south; the D707 goes from the exit on the N7 in the commune south through the town urban area continuing to Moulins. The centre of the town is accessed by the D283 which loops through the centre from the D707; the D979A forms the eastern border of the commune as it goes from Moulins north-east to Saint-Ennemond. The D29 branches from the D979A just south of the commune and passes through the east of the commune north to join the D133 east of Aurouër.
The D29D links the D979A to the D29 in the east of the commune. Apart from the town there are the districtys and hamlets of Chavennes, Les Groiteiers, Les Gravettes, Les Plantes, Les Petites-Roches, L'Etang Chateau; the urban area in the commune spreads along the east bank of the river. The east of the commune is farmland; the Allier river flows along the western border of the commune and through part of the west of the commune as it flows north to join the Loire just east of Cuffy. An unnamed stream flows south-west to join the Allier. There are numerous ponds in the commune. Avermes was mentioned for the first time in the 8th century. List of Successive Mayors Mayors from 1935 This is the main suburb of Moulins for both leisure and industrial activities with a fairground, a cultural multi-purpose hall, two metallurgical factories: JPM ex-Chauvat employing about 400 people, Potain Cranes which employs about 250 people; these are the two largest employers in the commune with ITM, the Leclerc Centre and Chapier.
The commune has one building, registered as an historical monument: The Chateau of Segange Other sites of interestThe Home of Champfeu, dating from the 17th and 18th centuries with the large buildings of the old seminary and the large chapel built in his enclosure in 1925. The commune has one religious building, registered as an historical monument: The Church of Saint Michel or Notre-Dame de la Salette; the church is built in bi-coloured bricks and light grey. Communes of the Allier department The Community of the agglomération of Moulins official website Avermes on Lion1906 Averme on the 1750 Cassini Map Avermes on the INSEE website INSEE
Andelaroche is a commune in the Allier department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of central France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Andelarochoises. Andelaroche is located some 25 kilometres west of Marcigny; the D990/D994 road passes through the west of the commune from south-west to north-east. Access to the village is by the minor D424 road from Barrais-Bussolles in the north through the commune and the village continuing south-east to Saint-Martin-d'Estreaux; the minor D470 road goes from the village south-west to Droiturier. The commune is farmland with a large forest in the south-east, the Bois de Saint Pierre in the centre, a few isolated patches of forest towards the north; the Andan river forms the south-western border of the commune, the Ruisseau de Maupes forms the north-western border, the Ruisseau de l'Etang Civette forms part of the eastern border. Numerous other streams criss-cross the commune with many small lakes. List of Successive Mayors There is a church of Romanesque origin but much altered in the 19th century.
It is now a composite structure. Communes of the Allier department Andelaroche on the National Geographic Institute website Andelaroche on Lion1906 Andelaroche on Google Maps Andelaroche on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Ande la Roche on the 1750 Cassini Map Andelaroche on the INSEE website INSEE
Allier is a French department located in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of central France named after the river Allier. Moulins is the prefecture and the INSEE and Post Code is 03; the inhabitants of the department are known as Bourbonnais since October 2018. Allier department is composed of all of the former Duchy of Bourbonnais, it is part of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region and borders the departments of Cher, Nièvre, Saône-et-Loire, Puy-de-Dome, Creuse. Major towns The department includes three spa towns: Bourbon l'Archambault Neris-les-Bains VichyNeris-les-Bains is the only town in the department with more than 10% of second homes: 504 out of 1,800 homes in 1999. Bourbonnais bocage covers most of the western and central parts of the department, followed by the Bourbonnais Sologne in the east north-east, the Bourbonnais Mountain, the highest point of Bourbonnais together with Montoncel, in the south of the department, the Bourbonnais Limagne, which extends from Varennes to Gannat, is the breadbasket of the department.
The Bourbonnais BocageTo the north and just over 500 metres above sea level, the Bourbonnais Bocage occupies one-third of the department, with two parts: the centre and the west. The bocage is remarkable for its rich forests and woodlands including the famous Forest of Tronçais but the forests of Moladier Bagnolet, Soulongis, Dreuille and Suave. All of the southern area consists of Combrailles, sometimes called High Bourbonnais, in an area that goes beyond the departmental boundaries of Creuse and Puy-de-Dôme; this area of the department rises to 778 metres at Bosse. The rivers Sioule and Cher have carved the most picturesque gorges in Allier; the Bourbonnais SologneTo the east, between the Val d'Allier and the borders of Nièvre and Saône-et-Loire, the Bourbonnais Sologne has a nice balance between pastures, crops and ponds: the balance between agriculture and semi-wilderness constituting a favorable setting for fauna and flora. The Bourbonnais MountainsIn its southern extension, the Bourbonnais Mountain rises from the Puy Saint-Ambroise near Saint-Léon and extends to the massif of Assisi and the Black Forest at the edge of Puy-de-Dome and Loire, marked by the Puy de Montoncel – the highest point in Allier.
The Bourbonnais LimagneCommonly grouped under the name of Val d'Allier, the Limagne and Forterre extend on both sides of the river between Vichy and Saint-Pourçain-sur-Sioule with an essential quality of fertility. Limogne, together with Sioule and Allier, is part of the Gannat / Escurolles / Saint-Pourçain triangle while Forterre covers the Canton of Varennes-sur-Allier ending near Jaligny. Watercourses to the west: the Cher in the centre: the Allier and its tributary the Sioule to the east the Loire and its tributary the Besbre A transition zone in the middle of the country, Allier is a free zone between north and south; the department is wide open to Atlantic influences and it enjoys a mild and humid climate dominated by westerly winds which helps a little to differentiate it from other parts of Auvergne. The weather variances coincide with the diversity of Bourbonnais territory such as: flat regions, low altitude Bourbonnais Sologne and large floodplains, the hill country, the average altitude of 300 to 600 metres, the central part of the department, the semi-mountainous southern townships bordering the Combraille and Forez between 700 and 1,200 metres.
There are two periods of maximum precipitation in June and October and a minimum in January and February with average of 694 millimetres in Montluçon, 763 mm in Moulins 778 mm in Vichy 791 mm in Lapalisse. and nearly 1,200 mm in Assisi. As noted Atlantic winds are dominant from northwest, or southwest; the influence of topography in the valleys of Cher and Allier contributes to the south and north variance. The history of Allier corresponds to the Duchy of Bourbon with which it shares the entire territory. Allier is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790, it was created from parts of the former provinces of Bourbonnais. In 1940, the government of Marshal Philippe Pétain chose the town of Vichy as its capital. Vichy became the department's second sub-prefecture in 1940, since the department now found itself split by the demarcation line between the occupied and free zones of France. On 1 January 1997 the population of Allier was estimated at 357,100 inhabitants which represented an average density of 50 people/km².
Many areas have a density less than 20 people/km². Because of its low population density, it is considered to fall within the empty diagonal. Since the early 1980s Allier has faced many demographic handicaps; the ratio of older people is important and with low fertility rates the natural growth is negative. Meanwhile, net migration has become negative. At 1 January 2009 the legal population was 343,046 inhabitants; the fertility rate was lower than the national average in 2007 but would renew the Allier population if it were not for the lack of jobs that led to the exodus of young people to more favourable employment areas, thus confirming a negative net migration. Allier has three major cities: Montluçon, Moulins by size; the rest of the department includes some small towns and villages, scattered along the rivers. The few villages are far from one another, it is a sparsely-populated
Autry-Issards is a French commune in the Allier department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of central France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Issardiennes. Autry-Issards is located 5 kilometres north-west of Souvigny. Access to the commune is by the D134 from Bourbon-l'Archambault in the north-west to the village and the D104 goes to Souvigny in the south-east; the D58 comes from Saint-Menoux in the north-east and passes through the village before continuing south-east to join the D11 east of Gipcy. The D293 comes from Saint-Menoux in the north-east and passes through the north of the commune before turning south to join the D58 west of the commune; the D73 passes through the commune in the south going from Gipcy to Souvigny. Apart from the village itself, there are the hamlets of: The commune is farmland with a few scattered patches of forest; the Ourts river rises in the south of the commune and flows north-east to join the Burge south-east of Couzon. The Rose rises in the south-west of the commune and flows north-east to join the Ours.
List of Successive Mayors In 2013 the commune had 345 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 The commune has a number of buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments: The Chateau du Plessis; the Chateau has one item, registered as an historical object: A half-plane relief: pregnant woman The Chateau d'Issards. The chateau has an old part dating from the end of the 15th century and a part built between 1862 and 1870 by the architect Jean Moreau for Count Louis Gabriel Carré d'Aligny; the Rouche Coupée Farm A Farmhouse The Champ Bouca Farm The Amorins Farm A House at La Loge The Ecalits Farm The Jalière Farm The Vilban Mill Houses and Farms The Plessis Farm The Croix Fromenteau Farm The Benêts Farm The Villard Farm The Chateau de La Trolière.
The Chateau contains one item, registered as an historical object: A Roof Ornament depicting a pigeon Boucheron Manor Petit Bigut Manor Ardennes Manor The commune has many religious buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments: The old Benedictine Priory of Saint-Maurice. The Priory contains three items that are registered as historical objects: A Sculpture: Bust of Saint-Auréolé 3 decorative plaques: Adam and Eve seated 2 Statues: Virgin and Child and Saint-Cyriaque The Church of the Trinity The Church of the Holy Trinity is a Romanesque church which dates from the early 12th century which has a magnificent portal and a carved tympanum and bell tower, it is typical of the Middle Ages with decorative influences from Cluny Abbey combined. The decor of the portal is reminiscent of some decorative elements of the Abbey at Chezal-Benoît, built in the first half of the 12th century; the steeple topped by its stone spire is one of the highest in the department. The Tympanum has two angels holding a Mandorla which surrounds Christ in glory, found in the nearby church of Meillers.
This is a rare instance of the artist signing his work: "Natalis me fecit". They are surrounded by arched ways with hanging lamps; the church contains many items that are registered as historical monuments: Gallery of Pictures of the Church of the Trinity Pierre Lacorne, born in 1940 at Autry-Issards and President of ASF France Aviation Sans Frontières. Christian Chalmin, born in 1947 at Autry-Issards and Mayor of the commune from 1989 to 1995. Sanne Spangenberg, French/Dutch born at Moulins in 1993, elected Miss Auvergne 2012 at 19 years old, she participated in Miss France 2013 on 8 December 2012 in live coverage on TF1 TV station. Communes of the Allier department Autry-Issards on the old IGN website Souvigny Town: Autry-Issards Autry-Issards on Lion1906 Autry-Issards on Google Maps Autry-Issards on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Autrye-Jssard on the 1750 Cassini Map Autry-Issards on the INSEE website INSEE
Arpheuilles-Saint-Priest is a French commune in the Allier department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of central France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arpheuillaises. Arpheuilles-Saint-Priest is located some 14 kilometres south-east of Montluçon and some 8 kilometres south-west of Commentry. Access to the commune is by the D69 road from Durdat-Larequille in the north-east passing through the village and continuing south-east to Ronnet; the D1089 branches off the D69 just north-west of the village and continues south-west to Marcillat-en-Combraille. The D460 from Ronnet going north to join the D2144 passes through the east of the commune. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of Villenette, La Naute, L'Harpe. Apart from a large belt of forest in the north, the commune is farmland; the Banny river flows north-east to the Etang de la Ganne. The Ruisseau de Puy Clevaud rises near Villenette and flows south to join the Tartasse south of the commune. List of Successive Mayors Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Arpheuilles-Saint-Priest and Allier Department in 2009 Sources: Evolution and Structure of the population of the Commune in 2009, INSEE.
Evolution and Structure of the population of the Department in 2009, INSEE. The Church of Saint Peter from the 19th century. Communes of the Allier department Arpheuilles-Saint-Priest on the National Geographic Institute website Arpheuilles-Saint-Priest on Lion1906 Arpheuilles-Saint-Priest on Google Maps Arpheuilles-Saint-Priest on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Arpheuille on the 1750 Cassini Map Arpheuilles-Saint-Priest on the INSEE website INSEE
Christophe Thivrier was a French politician of working class origins, the first Socialist mayor in France, deputy of Allier from 1889 to 1895. At this time the industrialists of France were using dismissals and other forms of repression in an attempt to stamp out socialism, workers were responding with strikes. Thivrier was uncompromising in his socialist principles, was known as the "deputé en blouse" for wearing his blue worker's smock in the Assembly to the outrage of the bourgeois members. Christophe Thivrier was born on 16 May 1841 in Durdat-Larequille, the youngest of four children, his parents were Marie Anne Mansier. His father was from Néris-les-Bains, worked as a farm laborer, in construction and in the mines. Christophe had to leave start work at an early age, he became a miner. When he was 28 he became a small building contractor, became a wine merchant, he was one of the founders of the labour movement in Allier. The "Marianne", a secret society created to fight the reactionary actions of conservatives met in his home.
On 15 November 1868 he married in Durdat-Larequille to Marie Martin. Their children were Gilbert Alphonse (1869-1936(, Léon Martial, Joseph Isidore and Louise Angéline. In 1874 Thivrier was elected municipal councilor for Commentry on the Republican list, he was reelected in 1878. In 1879 he became a supporter of collectivism, on 21 January 1881 he was elected to the council with the entire list of workers and socialists, it was the first town hall in France to be captured by the socialists. Thivrier defeated Stéphane Mony, the director of the Société de Commentry, Fourchambault et Decazeville, which owned the local mines, a former mayor and deputy. A list was prepared of everyone who had spread socialist propaganda during the elections, including 135 miners. On 4 June 1881 they were all dismissed, the workers went on strike. Another 300 were added to the list of "agitators" during the strike, had to pass interviews to get their jobs back after the strike. 60 failed these interviews, 67 were told they needed certificates of good conduct from their new employers before they could work again at the mines.
Miners, elected to the local council could not find work and had to leave the district. Despite this repression, Thivrier was Mayor of Commentry from 4 June 1882 district councilor, gained huge support from the working class. Harassment by the prefectural administration against the workers' administration and government persecution prevented the Socialist Party from presenting a list in the elections on 1884, but on 6 May 1888 Thivrier was reelected in triumph and again appointed Mayor of Commentry, he was removed from office on 14 December 1888 for having sent an address of sympathy to the trade union congress in Bordeaux that he signed with his title of mayor. Thivrier's popularity grew, in 1889 he was elected to the General Council of Allier. Thivrier was elected deputy of Allier on 6 October 1889. In his election manifesto he denounced the oppression and misery of the workers, proposed social measures such as social support for the old and disabled, responsibility of company owners for workplace accidents, a direct tax on wealth and income.
At the request of the Commentry Socialists he continued to wear his blue worker's blouse in the Chamber as a symbol of the protest of the proletariat against the privileges of the capitalists, a symbol of their hope of emancipation. He joined the Workers' Party after being elected. Friedrich Engels saw the elections as a success, counting Eugène Baudin, Thivrier and Félix Lachize as Marxists, considering that Gustave Paul Cluseret and Ernest Ferroul were "bound to cast in their lot with the first three." However, Baudin and Cluseret were never active in the POF, Thivrier and Ferroul joined the POF after the election. In 1890 a strike broke out in Commentry due to the dismissal of 300 miners chosen from the most active socialists. Thivrier spoke out against the interventions and provocations of the army and gendarmerie in support of the mining company. Thivrier was a delegate of the French Workers' Party at the Congress of Lille and Calais and at the International Congress of Brussels, he was soon criticized by his party for his sympathy with the Blanquist Central Revolutionary Committee.
His relationship with Jean Dormoy and the Montluçon socialists became strained. At the 1892 National Guesdist Congress in Marseille Thivrier raised violent controversy by defending the general strike, he resigned from the party soon after and led most of the Commentry socialist organizations into membership of the CRC. On 1 May 1893 the government ordered closure of the Labor Exchange. There was a protest, just after Édouard Vaillant had addressed the crowd the police charged the demonstrators. Thuvrier joined with Eugène Baudin, Jean-Baptiste Dumay and Alexandre Millerand in protesting to the government. Thivrier was reelected on 3 September 1893, holding office until 8 August 1895. In 1893 Henri Ghesquière, a Guesdist leader, reported in La Socialiste Troyen that when Thivrier entered the Assembly wearing his worker's blouse he was greeted by an uproar among the bourgeois leaders. Ghesquière commented that, "... a clean blue smock has every right to be worn in the Assembly, as does a frock, because if clothes do not make the man, neither does the frock make the legislator."Thivrier's program in the 1893 elections included an 8-hour day and one day of rest per week and education for children, equal pay for men
Departments of France
In the administrative divisions of France, the department is one of the three levels of government below the national level, between the administrative regions and the commune. Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, five are overseas departments, which are classified as regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; each department is administered by an elected body called a departmental council. From 1800 to April 2015, these were called general councils; each council has a president. Their main areas of responsibility include the management of a number of social and welfare allowances, of junior high school buildings and technical staff, local roads and school and rural buses, a contribution to municipal infrastructures. Local services of the state administration are traditionally organised at departmental level, where the prefect represents the government; the departments were created in 1790 as a rational replacement of Ancien Régime provinces with a view to strengthen national unity.
All of them were named after physical geographical features, rather than after historical or cultural territories which could have their own loyalties. The division of France into departments was a project identified with the French revolutionary leader the Abbé Sieyès, although it had been discussed and written about by many politicians and thinkers; the earliest known suggestion of it is from 1764 in the writings of d'Argenson. They have inspired similar divisions in some of them former French colonies. Most French departments are assigned a two-digit number, the "Official Geographical Code", allocated by the Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques. Overseas departments have a three-digit number; the number is used, for example, in the postal code, was until used for all vehicle registration plates. While residents use the numbers to refer to their own department or a neighbouring one, more distant departments are referred to by their names, as few people know the numbers of all the departments.
For example, inhabitants of Loiret might refer to their department as "the 45". In 2014, President François Hollande proposed to abolish departmental councils by 2020, which would have maintained the departments as administrative divisions, to transfer their powers to other levels of governance; this reform project has since been abandoned. The first French territorial departments were proposed in 1665 by Marc-René d'Argenson to serve as administrative areas purely for the Ponts et Chaussées infrastructure administration. Before the French Revolution, France gained territory through the annexation of a mosaic of independent entities. By the close of the Ancien Régime, it was organised into provinces. During the period of the Revolution, these were dissolved in order to weaken old loyalties; the modern departments, as all-purpose units of the government, were created on 4 March 1790 by the National Constituent Assembly to replace the provinces with what the Assembly deemed a more rational structure.
Their boundaries served two purposes: Boundaries were chosen to break up France's historical regions in an attempt to erase cultural differences and build a more homogeneous nation. Boundaries were set so that every settlement in the country was within a day's ride of the capital of a department; this was a security measure, intended to keep the entire national territory under close control. This measure was directly inspired by the Great Terror, during which the government had lost control of many rural areas far from any centre of government; the old nomenclature was avoided in naming the new departments. Most were named after other physical features. Paris was in the department of Seine. Savoy became the department of Mont-Blanc; the number of departments 83, had been increased to 130 by 1809 with the territorial gains of the Republic and of the First French Empire. Following Napoleon's defeats in 1814–1815, the Congress of Vienna returned France to its pre-war size and the number of departments was reduced to 86.
In 1860, France acquired the County of Nice and Savoy, which led to the creation of three new departments. Two were added from the new Savoyard territory, while the department of Alpes-Maritimes was created from Nice and a portion of the Var department; the 89 departments were given numbers based on the alphabetical order of their names. The department of Bas-Rhin and parts of Meurthe, Moselle and Haut-Rhin were ceded to the German Empire in 1871, following France's defeat in the Franco-Prussian War. A small part of Haut-Rhin became known as the Territoire de Belfort; when France regained the ceded departments after World War I, the Territoire de Belfort was not re-integrated into Haut-Rhin. In 1922, it became France's 90th department; the Lorraine departments were not changed back to their original boundaries, a new Moselle department was created in the regaine