A commissary is a government official charged with oversight or an ecclesiastical official who exercises in special circumstances the jurisdiction of a bishop. In many countries, the term is used as an administrative title. In some armed forces, commissaries are officials charged with overseeing the purchase and delivery of supplies, they have powers of administrative and financial oversight; the "commissariat" is the organization associated with the corps of commissaries. By extension, the term "commissary" came to be used for the building; the equivalent terms are commissaire in French, commissario in Italian, Kommissar in Standard German, Kommissär in Swiss German and Luxembourgish, comisario in Spanish, commissaris in Dutch and Flemish, komisario in Finnish, komisarz in Polish and comissário in Portuguese. Many of these words may mean commissioner, depending on the context; the word is recorded in English since 1362, for "one to whom special duty is entrusted by a higher power". This Anglo-French word derives from Medieval Latin commissarius, from Latin commissus "entrusted".
Governmental or administrative structures headed by a commissary are referred to as commissary governments or commissary administrations. Such terms were used during the colonial era, it was used to designate various provisional governments of administrations. Executive or administrative body composed of several commissaries is called Council of Commissaries or Board of Commissaries. Deputy of a commissary is styled as sub-commissary. In the Soviet Union, commissaries' powers of oversight were used for political purposes; these commissaries are known as commissars in English. With the establishment of an English standing army following the Restoration of the Monarchy a Commissary General of Musters was appointed on 20th December 1660; this officer, with the assistance of four deputies, was responsible for mustering troops by regiment and checking their names against the muster roll. These musters took place seven times per year. At a muster the total number of officers and men was checked against the roll, each soldier's arms and accoutrements were inspected and each officer's rank was checked against their level of pay.
Only after the Commissary General had certified the muster roll would the Paymaster General of the forces issue pay to the regiment. In 1798 the commanding officer of each regiment, together with its regimental Paymaster, took over responsibility for the musters and the Deputy Commissaries were dismissed; the Commissary General continued to oversee a central office of musters until 1817 when the post was abolished and its duties transferred to the Secretary at War. The appointment of a Commissary General of Provisions was first made by James II in 1685 to provide for his troops encamped on Hounslow Heath; as a permanent post the appointment had lapsed by 1694, but a century it was revived for senior officer of the Commissariat. The Commissariat officers were uniformed civilians, appointed by the Treasury but issued with letters of commission by the War Office; the department was overseen by a Commissary-in-Chief from 1809-1816, by a Commissary General in Chief from 1858 to 1869. Between 1793 and 1859 Assistant Commissary and Chief Commissary were ranks in the Field Train Department of the Board of Ordnance.
After 1869 Commissary and associated titles were used as junior officer ranks by the Control Department. A split in 1875 created the Commissariat and Transport Department and the Ordnance Store Department, which used Commissary-General and Commissary-General of Ordnance for their senior officers. After 1880 officers of the new Army Service Corps were given full military rank, but the Army Ordnance Department retained Commissary of Ordnance as its junior officer ranks throughout the First World War; the Canons of the Church of England, referring to the metropolitical jurisdiction of archbishops and to the ordinary jurisdiction of diocesan bishops, states that: "Such jurisdiction is exercised by the bishop himself, or by a Vicar-General, official, or other commissary to whom authority in that behalf shall have been formally committed by the bishop concerned.". In previous centuries Bishops sometimes appointed representatives, called commissaries, to perform functions in distant portions of their dioceses.
In 1684 Henry Compton, the Bishop of London, resolved to use the commissary system to provide leadership for churches in the American colonies.. Commissaries were appointed to some, but not all, of the thirteen colonies into the second half of the eighteenth century. Commissaries were sometimes appointed for other parts of the British Empire. In 2011 the Archbishop of Canterbury appointed commissaries to conduct a visitation upon the Diocese of Chichester with regard to safeguarding failures in the diocese over many years. According to their interim report
The 2020 season in Football Victoria refers to the competitions contested under the organisation of Football Victoria in 2020. The 2020 National Premier Leagues Victoria is the seventh season of the National Premier Leagues Victoria, the top tier of Victorian soccer, since its establishment in 2014. Bentleigh Greens are the defending champions from the 2019 season. Fourteen teams compete in the league – the top twelve teams from the previous season and the two teams promoted from the National Premier Leagues Victoria 2; the promoted teams are Eastern Lions and St Albans Saints. As of 14 February 2020 Most yellow cards: 111 playersMost red cards: 1 Stefan Zinni Most yellow cards: 3 Heidelberg United Oakleigh Cannons South MelbourneMost red cards: 1 Avondale Fourteen teams compete in the league – the top twelve teams from the previous season and the two teams promoted from the National Premier Leagues Victoria 2; the promoted teams are Eastern Lions and St Albans Saints. The following teams have changed division since the 2019 season.
Note: Table lists in alphabetical order. Most yellow cards: 0Most red cards: 0 Most yellow cards: 0Most red cards: 0 The 2020 National Premier Leagues Victoria 3 will be the first season of the National Premier Leagues Victoria 3, the third-tier of Victorian soccer, since its establishment in 2020. With the new competition announced, eight teams from two divisions were demoted to the competition. Note: Table lists in alphabetical order. Most yellow cards: 0Most red cards: 0 Most yellow cards: 0Most red cards: 0
The 8th Guards Airborne Division was an airborne division of the Red Army during World War II. On 27 December 1944, it was renamed the 107th Guards Rifle Division, it became the 107th Guards Airborne Division on 7 June 1946, before being disbanded in 1959. The 8th Guards Airborne Division was formed on 8 December 1942 from the 10th Airborne Corps in the Moscow Military District; the personnel of the airborne division received training in airborne tactics. Major general Alexander Kapitokhin, commander of the 10th Airborne Corps, became the division's first commander. In February 1943, the division was transferred to the Northwestern Front, where it became part of the 68th Army, fighting in the Demyansk Offensive. On 24 April 1943, the division was withdrawn from the front and moved to Voronezh as part of the Central Front. At the beginning of May, the division became part of the 20th Guards Rifle Corps and from 3 October became part of the 21st Guards Rifle Corps; the division fought in the last part of the Battle of the Chernigov-Poltava Offensive.
From the area of Kotelva it advanced to the northwestern part of Poltava, establishing contact with the 5th Guards Army. On the night of 5 October, it crossed the Old Dnieper and crossed the Dnieper on the next night, capturing a bridgehead on the right bank near the village of Voronovka. On 19 October, the division was transferred to the 7th Guards Army on the Steppe Front, it fought in defensive battles on the Inhulets River during early December. The 8th Guards Airborne took part in battles west of Kirovohrad until March 1944. In March 1944, the division was on the left wing of the 2nd Ukrainian Front during the Uman–Botoșani Offensive, it advanced towards Kompaniivka. At Semyonovka village, the division reached the left bank of the Southern Bug. On 22 March, the 22nd and 27th Guards Airborne Regiments, in conjunction with the 36th Guards Rifle Division's 108th Guards Rifle Regiment, crossed the Southern Bug near the village of Myhiya, seizing a bridgehead at Grushevka village in Pervomaisk Raion.
Fighting the German 106th Infantry Division and 282nd Infantry Division, it reached the outskirts of Pervomaisk. At this time, the 25th Guards Airborne Regiment crossed the Southern Bug in the area north of Semyonovka together with the 81st Guards Rifle Division capturing the villages of Romanova Balka and Sokolovka; these units created a threat to the Germans holding Pervomaisk. For its part in taking the city, the division was awarded the honorary title "Pervomaisk". On 24 August, the division transferred to Kirzhach for resupply. On 27 December 1944, it was reorganized as the 107th Guards Rifle Division. On 8 July 1946, it became airborne again, joining the Soviet Airborne Troops, was disbanded in 1959. 22nd Guards Airborne Regiment 25th Guards Airborne Regiment 27th Guards Airborne Regiment 9th Guards Airborne Artillery Regiment Major General Alexander Kapitokhin Major General Vladimir Stepin Major General Mikhail Andreyevich Bogdanov
The Clark Scamp was a simple, bicycle-based moped similar in concept to the earlier'winged wheel' or cyclemotor, manufactured from March to November 1968 by Alec Clark, of A N Clark Limited, a business which manufactured telescopic extendable masts for antennas and small gearboxes for handtools in Binstead, Isle of Wight, EnglandIt combined a proprietary 1960s small-wheel cycle-type frame with modifications to mount an innovative 50cc two-stroke engine close to the rear wheel. Manufacturing principal Alec Clark was an engineer with much experience of engine design including small-capacity two-strokes, having worked for Trojan, a car manufacturer in Croydon, UK which in the 1960s offered a scooter and a light three-wheeler car and had undertaken development work for LeylandWith the exception of the Italian magneto and carburettor, all of the engine work was stated to be British-made, it was claimed by a Mr Coco that the Clark power unit was similar to his own design which he had been trying to sell to Clarks for several months in 1967, before being informed that his design driving the rear wheel by friction caused unacceptable wear to the rear tyre and would not therefore be used.
By the time the machine appeared on the market, it had a different drive mechanism but it was apparent that the power unit was related to the Coco design, so the designer sued for breach of confidence in that the drawings and prototype engine had been supplied to Clark for evaluation. The resulting case, Coco v AN Clark Limited, remains a fundamental statement of the principles of law in this area. An application for an interlocutory injunction to prevent any manufacture pending a trial outcome was refused at a hearing; the trial never took place and the machine was discontinued after a production run estimated at 3,000 to 4,000. The company known as AN Clark Limited went into administration, a new business - Clark Masts Limited - was formed to carry on manufacture of the core-business product
The National Park Bank was founded in 1856 in New York City, by the late 19th century, it did more commercial business than any other bank in the country. The bank built a significant Second Empire early skyscraper at 214-18 Broadway – opposite St. Paul's Chapel – designed by New York architect Griffith Thomas and finished in 1868. Architect Donn Barber expanded the 1868 building, 1903–1905, altering its Broadway façade beyond recognition; the bank had bought the plot of land directly behind its building, 165 x 75 feet, fronting on Ann Street to the north and Fulton Street to the south. This instead was used for a new banking room. Barber designed a T-shaped Beaux-Arts building with a large arched window on each of the three street facades; the bar of the "T" was built first, two tall coffered barrel vaults flanking a stained-glass dome. Banking business moved into this space in 1904, while the lower three stories of the 1868 building were gutted to create a grand entrance hall; the height of the new banking room from the marble floor to the top of the stained-glass dome was 68 feet.
Artist Albert Herter painted the large lunette murals of Agriculture and Commerce for the entrance hall and banking room. The building was demolished in 1961. In 1911, the bank acquired the Wells Fargo Company. John Hamilton Fulton was president in 1927, it was consolidated with Chase National Bank in 1929
Dizengoff 99 is a 1979 Israeli film starring Gali Atari, Gidi Gov, Meir Suissa, Anat Atzmon. The film, considered a cult classic, describes the way of life around Dizengoff Street and how it changed over the years. Filmed in Tel Aviv, it was released in Israel and the United States as "Dizengoff 99," and in West Germany as "Three Under the Roof"; the film is about two guys and Moshon, a girl Ossi who live together in an apartment at 99 Dizengoff Street, Nightlife center of Tel Aviv. Ossi works for an insurance company and the three of them decide to make a movie using stolen equipment. While they are making movies, they are having numerous romantic encounters, having a good time. Dizengoff 99 is Avi Nesher's second film, was produced after the success of his first movie, The Troupe a year earlier in 1978. Both movies are considered Israeli classics today. Between 2003 and 2016, 99 Dizengoff Street was home to Bauhaus Center Tel Aviv, which offers tours of Tel Aviv’s Bauhaus architecture. In a 2006 article, it was written that today, Atari thinks her scene from the movie is a black hole in her career that she would rather forget.
A soundtrack was released to this movie, called "Dizengoff 99" and is filled with notable Israeli artists. Dizengoff 99 - Yigal Bashan Mesibat Yom Shishi - Tzvika Pick Lagur Ito - Riki Gal Ovrim Dira - Dori Ben Zeev Rok B'Or Yarok - Arik Sinai Ein Li Zman Lihiyot Atzuv - Rami Fortis Tzlil Mekhuvan - Yitzhak Klepter Leyad HaDelet - Yehudit Ravitz Lailah Li - Yorik Ben David Bein HaRe'ashim - David Broza Ad Eizeh Gil - Dani Litani Derekh Aruka - Gali Atari Gali Atari — Miri Gidi Gov — Natti Meir Suissa — Moshon Anat Atzmon — Ossi Chelli Goldenberg — Ilana Dizengoff 99 on IMDb Dizengoff 99, Ishim