Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conferences were biennial meetings of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom and the Dominion members of the British Commonwealth of Nations. Seventeen Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conferences were held between 1944 and 1969; as well, the prime ministers met for a Commonwealth Economic Conference in 1952. These series of conferences were a continuation and regularisation of the earlier Imperial Conferences, held periodically from 1887 to 1937. Since 1971, Commonwealth Heads of Government Meetings have been held. Of the seventeen meetings, sixteen were held in London, reflecting then-prevailing views of the Commonwealth as the continuation of the British Empire and the centralisation of power in the British Commonwealth Office. Two supplementary meetings were held during this period: a Commonwealth Statesmen's meeting to discuss peace terms in April 1945, a Commonwealth Economic Conference in 1952; the first British Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference was held 1–16 May 1944 in order to coordinate the war effort.
In attendance were: The British Commonwealth leaders agreed to support the Moscow Declaration and reached agreement regarding their respective roles in the overall Allied war effort. Conferences consisted of the prime ministers or presidents of independent states as well as the premiers of some senior colonies; this policy changed with the 1964 Prime Ministers' Conference, confined to independent states and thus excluded Southern Rhodesia whose prime ministers had attended Imperial and Commonwealth conferences since the 1930s. While the growing number of Commonwealth states was given as the reason for this change, it coincided with the emergence of white minority rule in Rhodesia as a major issue; the 1960s saw an overhaul of the Commonwealth. The swift expansion of the Commonwealth after decolonisation saw the newly independent countries demand the creation of the Commonwealth Secretariat, the United Kingdom, in response founding the Commonwealth Foundation; this decentralisation of power demanded a reformulation of the meetings.
Instead of the meetings always being held in London, they would rotate across the membership, subject to countries' ability to host the meetings: beginning with Singapore in 1971. They were renamed the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meetings to reflect the growing diversity of the constitutional structures in the Commonwealth. Imperial Conference Imperial War Cabinet List of World War II conferences
Federal Triangles Soccer Club, otherwise known as Federal Triangles, the Feds or FTSC, is a coed soccer club founded in 1990 by J. C. Cummings and a group of interested players under the umbrella of the DC Sports Association; the club runs several tournaments and leagues throughout the year and sponsors multiple men's and women's fall and spring teams. FTSC organizes regular pickup games, multiple tournaments, other events throughout the year, including the Rehoboth Beach Classic, United Night Out, a Turkey Bowl & Thanksgiving Potluck. FTSC is a member of Team DC and the International Gay and Lesbian Football Association, has nearly 200 paying member players of its own. FTSC are 2018 World IGLFA champions. Shortly after founding, many GLBT+ soccer clubs reached out to the as-of-yet-unnamed FTSC to participate in a large upcoming tournament hosted by Atlanta; the club pulled together a coed team for the 1991 tournament. Members of the clubs participating in that tournament, including JC Cummings and Heather Milton from FTSC, would join together to found the IGLFA the following year.
FTSC has participated in all major IGLFA tournaments, though after the 1994 Gay Games a large number of women in the club started their own efforts, leaving FTSC as male for several years. By the mid-1990s the Feds had experienced a number of downs; the arrival of Meade Thayer from Boston took the club to a new, more professional direction. Meade had been one of the strong leaders of the Boston Strikers club, he moved to DC for his work, the Feds were lucky to have him here. Meade tried a number of new coaching ideas and the club entered a team into the Washington International Soccer League. Meade's new leadership at the club pushed FTSC in a more professional direction in the middle of the decade adding a team into the, founding the tournament that would evolve into the current Turkey Bowl, founding the Rehoboth Beach Classic, bidding to host the 1997 edition of IGLFA's annual tournament. FTSC won the bid with a group that had experience with the 1994 FIFA World Cup and the 1996 Summer Olympics as well as support from D.
C. United, the DC mayor's office, the DC city council; the 1997 IGLFA tournament was the largest to date, included a women's tournament for the first time outside of the Gay Games. The winter of 2003-2004 saw the first women’s league teams. By 2005, the club had more than doubled in size; the men's teams continued to grow, with FTSC sending two teams to the annual IGLFA tournament for the first time. FTSC continued its strong growth, breaking past 100 members by the end of 2007; the number of women's teams expanded from 2 in 2006 to 5 by 2011 while the number of men's teams increased to 5 as of 2012. The Summer of Freedom league, host by and for FTSC members, was founded in 2010. FTSC has earned major tournament success, winning the 2015 North American Division 1 championship, the 2016 IGLFA Division 1 World Championship in Portland. IGLFA World Championship / The Gay Games Paris 2018: Silver Medal Portland 2016: Gold Medal Cleveland/Akron 2014: Silver Medal Washington DC 2009: Bronze Medal Copenhagen 2005: Silver Medal New York 1994: Bronze Medal New York 1992: Silver Medal IGLFA North American Championship Madison 2015: Gold Medal World Outgames Montreal 2006: Gold Medal When founded the club had no name, but was existing as the soccer branch of DC Sports.
FTSC's invitation to the 1991 Atlanta tournament forced the club's founding members to come determine a name for the club. The name "Federal Triangles" had a dual purpose: the club played games near the Federal Triangle Metro Stop, the pink triangle is a common LGBT symbol. FTSC's original logo was thus a soccer ball imposed on top of a pink triangle; the Philadelphia Falcons were founded one year before FTSC was, the two clubs established a close bond early on. Three FTSC members attended a small tournament hosted by the Falcons in the spring of 1991 and enjoyed the experience, returning the favor that year; the two clubs have sent joint teams to several IGLFA tournaments over the years to those hosted outside the United States, the most recent example being a joint team between the two clubs taking part in the Men's 7s competition at the 2018 IGLFA World Championship. Federal Triangles Main Website IGLFA's Main Website
The Ordnance Survey Great Britain County Series maps were produced from the 1840s to the 1890s by the Ordnance Survey, with revisions published until the 1940s. The series mapped the counties of Great Britain at both a six inch and twenty-five inch scale with accompanying acreage and land use information. Following the introduction of the Ordnance Survey National Grid in the 1930s the County Series maps were replaced by a new series of maps at each scale; the Ordnance Survey began producing six inch to the mile maps of Great Britain in the 1840s, modelled on its first large-scale maps of Ireland from the mid-1830s. This was in response to the Tithe Commutation Act 1836 which led to calls for a large-scale survey of England and Wales. From 1854, to meet requirements for greater detail, including land-parcel numbers in rural areas and accompanying information and inhabited areas were mapped at 1:2500, at first parish by parish, with blank space beyond the parish boundary, continuously. Early copies of 1:2500 maps were available hand-coloured.
Up to 1879 the 1:2500 maps were accompanied by Books of Reference or "area books" that gave acreages and land-use information for land-parcel numbers. After 1879, land-use information was dropped from these area books. After 1854, the six-inch maps and their revisions were based on the twenty-five inch maps; the six-inch sheets covered an area of six by four miles on the ground. One square inch on the twenty-five inch maps was equal to an acre on the ground. In editions the six-inch sheets were published in "quarters", each covering an area of three by two miles on the ground; the first edition of the two scales was completed by the 1890s. A second edition was completed just before the First World War. From 1907 till the early 1940s, a third edition was begun but never completed: only areas with significant changes on the ground were revised, many two or three times. From the late 19th century to the early 1940s, the OS produced many "restricted" versions of the County Series maps and other War Department sheets for War Office purposes, in a variety of large scales that included details of military significance such as dockyards, naval installations and military camps.
Apart from a brief period during the disarmament talks of the 1930s, these areas were left blank or incomplete on standard maps. The de-classified sheets have now been deposited in some of the Copyright Libraries, helping to complete the map-picture of pre-Second World War Britain. Both the 6 inch and 25 inch scale Ordnance Survey maps of Great Britain showed the boundaries of: Counties Divisions of counties and quarter sessional divisions Parliamentary divisions of counties Hundreds/wapentakes/wards Mother or ancient parishes Civil parishes or townships Parliamentary boroughs Municipal boroughs Municipal wards Police burghs County boroughs Parliamentary divisions of county boroughs Wards of corporate towns Liberties, honours etc. Urban sanitary or local board districts Poor law unions Divisions of townships Subdivisions of townships Registrar's and Superintendent registrar's districts The maps included the area of most civil parishes and their detached parts, as well as extra-parochial areas and townships.
The area of these places was given in acres and perches. After about 1879 this was changed to acres, with area given to three decimal places; as boundary changes occurred throughout the late 19th century, reprints of map sheets would be updated with annotations detailing these changes. 16 25.344" sheets = 1 6" sheet 100 5' sheets = 1 6" sheet London Index map 1 London Index map 2 London Index map