Communes of the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department
The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic. French communes are analogous to civil townships and incorporated municipalities in the United States and Canada, Gemeinden in Germany, comuni in Italy or ayuntamiento in Spain; the United Kingdom has no exact equivalent, as communes resemble districts in urban areas, but are closer to parishes in rural areas where districts are much larger. Communes are based on historical geographic communities or villages and are vested with significant powers to manage the populations and land of the geographic area covered; the communes are the fourth-level administrative divisions of France. Communes vary in size and area, from large sprawling cities with millions of inhabitants like Paris, to small hamlets with only a handful of inhabitants. Communes are based on pre-existing villages and facilitate local governance. All communes have names, but not all named geographic areas or groups of people residing together are communes, the difference residing in the lack of administrative powers.
Except for the municipal arrondissements of its largest cities, the communes are the lowest level of administrative division in France and are governed by elected officials with extensive autonomous powers to implement national policy. A commune is city, or other municipality. "Commune" in English has a historical bias, implies an association with socialist political movements or philosophies, collectivist lifestyles, or particular history. There is nothing intrinsically different between commune in French; the French word commune appeared in the 12th century, from Medieval Latin communia, for a large gathering of people sharing a common life. As of January 2015, there were 36,681 communes in France, 36,552 of them in metropolitan France and 129 of them overseas; this is a higher total than that of any other European country, because French communes still reflect the division of France into villages or parishes at the time of the French Revolution. The whole territory of the French Republic is divided into communes.
This is unlike some other countries, such as the United States, where unincorporated areas directly governed by a county or a higher authority can be found. There are only a few exceptions: COM of Saint-Martin, it was a commune inside the Guadeloupe région. The commune structure was abolished when Saint-Martin became an overseas collectivity on 22 February 2007. COM of Wallis and Futuna, which still is divided according to the three traditional chiefdoms. COM of Saint Barthélemy, it was a commune inside the Guadeloupe region. The commune structure was abolished when Saint-Barthélemy became an overseas collectivity on 22 February 2007. Furthermore, two regions without permanent habitation have no communes: TOM of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands Clipperton Island in the Pacific Ocean In metropolitan France, the average area of a commune in 2004 was 14.88 square kilometres. The median area of metropolitan France's communes at the 1999 census was smaller, at 10.73 square kilometres. The median area is a better measure of the area of a typical French commune.
This median area is smaller than that of most European countries. In Italy, the median area of communes is 22 km2. Switzerland and the Länder of Rhineland-Palatinate, Schleswig-Holstein, Thuringia in Germany were the only places in Europe where the communes had a smaller median area than in France; the communes of France's overseas départements such as Réunion and French Guiana are large by French standards. They group into the same commune several villages or towns with sizeable distances among them. In Réunion, demographic expansion and sprawling urbanization have resulted in the administrative splitting of some communes; the median population of metropolitan France's communes at the 1999 census was 380 inhabitants. Again this is a small number, here France stands apart in Europe, with the lowest communes' median population of all the European countries; this small median population of French communes can be compared with Italy, where the median population of communes in 2001 was 2,343 inhabitants, Belgium, or Spain.
The median population given here should not hide the fact that there are pronounced differences in size between French communes. As mentioned in the introduction, a commune can be a city of 2 million inhabitants such as Paris, a town of 10,000 inhabitants, or just a hamlet of 10 inhabitants. What the median population tells us is that the vast majority of the French communes only have a few hundred inhabitants. In metropolitan France just over 50 percent of the 36,683 communes have fewer than 500 inhabitants a
Blieux is a commune in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department in southeastern France. The commune of Blieux first appeared on maps in 1100. Much during the French Revolution, records show that the residents of Blieux had created a political club, common at the time.. According to Ernest Nègre, the first recorded name for the commune, was derived from the Occitan word bleusse, meaning'dry'; this was a reference to the local soil. By contrast, Charles Rostaing argues that the name derives from the pre-Indo-European root word, *BL, meaning'mountain in the form of a spur'. La Melle, the name of a nearby hamlet, comes from the Celtic word, meaning an elevated location. Blieux was a pastoral community, with a yearly alpine grazing cyle known as transhumance; as with much of Provence, tourism the primary source of economic activity today. The village is located at an altitude of 950m, in the valley formed by a tributary of the river Asse, known as the'Asse de Blieux'. Le Bas-Chadoul la Melle la Tuilière Thon La Castelle Mont Chiran le Grand Mourre Crête de Montmuye Le Mourre de Chanier With the exception of those that have been abandoned, Blieux is one of the communities in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department that has experienced the greatest population decline from the mid-19th to the mid-20th centuries.
Inhabitants are known as Blieuxois. Communes of the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department INSEE
Banon is a commune in the department of Alpes-de-Haute-Provence in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of south-eastern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Banonaises. Banon is located next to the Plateau of Albion some 15 km north-west of Forcalquier, 50 km east of Carpentras, 760 m above sea level; the village is on a hill overlooking the Coulon valley. Access to the commune is by the D950 road from Revest-du-Bion in the north-west which passes through the village and continues south-east to Limans; the D51 goes south-west from the village to Simiane-la-Rotonde. The D5 goes south-east to Revest-des-Brousses; the D12 goes north from loops around to join the D950 again east of the commune. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of L'Adret, L'Adrech, Le Serre; the commune is forested on the heights in the east. Limestone, dating from the Cretaceous period, is the predominant rock in the commune although in the Riaille valley it is Barremian limestone; the limestone is used for construction for wall ties and lower walls, as well as for fountains.
Depressions, oriented SSW-NNE and NNW-SSE are formed of marl and sandstone from the Upper Cretaceous period. Limestones and porous rocks allow water to infiltrate down to a substrate of Neocomian marl; these infiltrations scour the rocks causing the formation of sinkholes or Avens such as the Aven of Belette. The waters circulate at a speed of 77 metres/hour. Summits The Croue de Bane or Grou de Banc The Crête de Gamby The Ravin du Calavon rises just east of the village and flows south, becoming the Calavon river, which joins the Durance south-east of Cabannes; the Riaille river flows south through the western side of the commune and the village before joining the Calavon south of the commune. The Largue flows from the north down the eastern side of the commune and continues south to join the Durance east of Manosque; the commune has 2,271 hectares of forests. Banon is located in Alpes-de-Haute-Provence and enjoys an interior Mediterranean climate with summers hot and dry but the winters are cool and marked by frequent frosts.
The annual average temperature is 12.8 °C with an average maximum of 22.4 °C and an average minimum of 0 °C. The highest maximum and minimum temperatures are 0 °C in December and January. Average sunshine hours are 2,755 hours per year with a peak of 343 hours in July. Another important characteristic of the Mediterranean climate is the rainfall which totals 426 millimetres over the year, unevenly distributed with a little more than 21 millimetres in July and more than 54 millimetres in October; the mistral blows sometimes. It may be more exposed to the Levant or the Sirocco which occur; the nearest weather station to Banon is in Saint-Christol in Vaucluse, a little farther away than Forcalquier. None of the 200 communes in the department are in a no seismic risk zone. Banon is in zone 1a according to the deterministic classification of 1991 based on the historical earthquakes, zone 3 according to the EC8 probabilistic classification of 2011. Banon is exposed to three other natural hazards: forest fire, landslide.
Banon is not exposed to any risk of technological origin identified by the Prefecture. There is no risk prevention plan for foreseeable natural risks for the commune and there is no DICRIM. Several bus lines connect Banon to other communes in the region; the places served are: Apt, Digne-les-Bains and Manosque. There is a bus service on market days to neighbouring communes; the nearest airport and railway station are at Avignon. The area appears for the first time in texts from the 11th century. According to Charles Rostaing the name is formed from the oronymic root Ban meaning "horn" or "point". According to this author the name predates the Gauls; this explanation is shared by Fénié and Claude Martel, for whom this explanation applies to Grou de Bane. According to Ernest Nègre, Banon comes from a Germanic proper name Bano. Banon in Vivaro-Alpine dialect and in Provençal dialect is said and written Banon in the classical norm and Banoun in the Mistralian norm. Three main factors explain the toponymy of the commune: the relief between the Albion plateau and the Lure mountain, its location in the Occitan linguistic area, the people of the area.
The terrain is present: the Pié d'Enroux is formed from a local evolution of the Latin podium meaning "height". The pey in Peymian has the same origin, the name of this hill meaning "the mountain of the middle"; the name of the Puy de Salve is formed from the most current evolution in France of podium and there is the Crête de Gamby. The Coueste Chaude is on the slope of Occitan derived from the French côte. Other names are formed from the words adret and ubac: thus there are the Adret and the Ubac of Grou de Ban, the hamlet of Adrech at the foot of the Grou, the Ubac farm at the foot of the Pié d'Enroux; the Combe de Vaux is a pleonastic doublet to designate a valley. The work of hydraulic erosion on limestone has created avens including at least one with a specific name: the Aven de Goutin. Amplified by deforestation, the same erosion moves large quantities of stones from the mountain slopes and deposits them on the plains, sometimes covering arable land: this is the origin of the name of Gravières south of the village.
The high flat arable areas are called plains though they are on a mountain: this name is used in Pl
Allons is a commune in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of southeastern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Allonsais or Allonsaises' Allons occupies an area located in the small valley of the Ivoire, a tributary of the Verdon, away from the main road of the valley of the Verdon some 60 km north-west of Nice and 40 km south-east of Digne. There are two natural closures of the site, one at Vauclause which corresponds to the edge of the commune at the valley of the Verdon, the other at the exit of the village where the remains of a fortification can be seen; the village is situated at 1073 m altitude. The only access to the commune is via road D52 which runs south-east to the village from Road D955 some 6 km north-east of Saint-Andre-les-Alpes; the commune is mountainous with high points including: Puy de Rent Le Puy Basse d'Allons Le Roncheret Le Puel Col de l'Iscle Montagnone Chamatte Basse d'Angles Serres The commune is traversed by the Ivoire stream into which many streams flow from the mountains.
The Ivoire flows into the Verdon, a 165.9 km long river, a tributary of the Durance, which forms the north-western border of the commune. The commune is a Drainage basin oriented east-west resulting in a large shady side and a large south-facing slope. On the shady side, there are Pine forests. There is a forest of beech trees growing near the village. A Riparian forest with abundant willow trees grows along the Ivoire stream. There is a railway station at the intersection of the roads called Allons-Argens Halt, an optional stop on the metre-gauge Nice to Digne line of the Chemins de Fer de Provence. La Moutiere La Forêt The canton of Saint-André-les-Alpes to which Allons belongs is in zone 1b according to the deterministic classification of 1991, based on historical earthquakes, in zone 4 according to the classification probability EC8 of 2011; the common Will faces three other natural hazards: forest fire, marginally in the valley of the Verdon) landslide: the community is affected by a medium hazard high on the slope located above Vauclause in the valley of the Verdon avalancheThe commune is not exposed to any risk of technological origin identified by the prefecture and no prevention plan for foreseeable natural risks exists for the commune, the DICRIM has existed since 2011.
The commune was the subject of one natural disaster in 1994 for flooding and mudslides. The village is mentioned for the first time in the charters of 1113; this place name is formed from the Germanic proper name Alonius according to Ernest Nègre. Charles Rostaing and Fénié argue that the name was formed from the orographic root Al-; this root is older than the Gallic. An oppidum occupied the site of Castellas in the Iron Age. Augustus conquered the valley of the Verdon at the same time as the Alps, which he completed in 14 BC, it is difficult to know the name of the Gallic tribe that inhabited the valley nor the name of the civitas on which Allons depended in the High Empire: Eturamina, Civitas Saliniensum, or Sanitensium. At the end of the Roman Empire, the connection to Sanitensium and its diocese seem to be proven. A bronze statue from Antiquity was once found in the commune, it is possible that the Chapel Saint-Domnin at La Moutiere was built on the site occupied by the Allons community in the High Middle Ages in connection with a first monastery.
On the opposite side of the valley there are several names of Villas. The site of the upper Town, in the valley is contemporary. In 1072, Pons Sylvain owned an important part of the area, if not the entire valley, he donated land to the abbey of Saint-Victor de Marseille which established the priory of Saint Martin there at the end of the 11th to the beginning of the 12th centuries. The village of Allons was created shortly after around a new church, called Saint Martin and the priory was abandoned in the 13th century; the fief belonged to the bishops of Senez and to the Abbey of St. Victor, Marseille; the Allons community was under the viguerie of Castellane. Three recognosable structures were found in the village that housed various noble families, among which were that of Requiston and Richery and Autane - the last two being lords of the fief from 1757 to the French Revolution; these buildings are similar to castles, the largest of them is that of Autane located on the square of the same name, it surprises by its large size and the 17th century style unusual in the region.
Since the Revolution the castle has been divided between several owners, several changes have been made - on the roof. The most important lords were the Requiston family. In 1390, Raymond de Turenne laid siege to the Vauclause castle; the story of Allons is linked to that of Vauclause - a rocky outcrop overlooking the entrance to the valley of the Ivoire. In the Middle Ages a community was located there near a castle; this community had no church. It was annexed by Allons; the fief of Vauclause was distinct from that of Allons, remained until the Revolution. Today there is a large farm, the subject of restoration. In 1745 the people rebelled against a demand by the Bishop of Senez who removed the bust of Saint Domnin, patron of the parish church but the worship of whom was considered outdated or too close to pagan rituals; the resistance of the villag
Bayons is a commune in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of south-eastern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Bayonnaises. Bayons is located in the Massif des Monges some 20 km south by south-east of Gap and 15 km north-east of Sisteron. Access to the commune is by the D1 road from Clamensane in the west which passes through the commune and the village before continuing north to Turriers. Bayons is situated in a vast Cirque surrounded by high mountains, through which the Sasse flows - exiting through a narrow clue; the commune was formed from the merger of four communes in 1973: Astoin, Esparron-la-Bâtie and Reynier. Except for Astoin, the communes joined to Bayons in 1973 are located in parallel valleys perpendicular to the Sasse and downstream from Bayons; the commune is located in a region of mountainous relief and has a Mediterranean climate with challenging features as well as a mountain climate. It is traversed by some tumultuous rivers.
Agriculture in the area has always been difficult. The population of the four communes peaked in 1836 with 1625 inhabitants but a century and a half 90% of this population had been lost due to the rural exodus that began early and had more breadth in these four communes than in the rest of the department; this persuaded the government to propose the merger of the communes which took place on 1 April 1973. Since the population has doubled: farms have been retained sometimes using regional quality labels; the communal economy is based on tourism but the majority of people in the commune work outside. The commune is located in the middle of three major geological Alpine formations: the Nappe of Digne to the east at the tip of the Valavoire lobe: there is a thrust sheet - i.e. a slab nearly 5000 m thick, displaced towards the south-west during the Oligocene at the end of the formation of the Alps. The lobes correspond to the ragged edge west of the nappe. During the last two major glaciations: the Riss glaciation and the Würm glaciation, there were many small glaciers in the commune.
A glacier occupied the northern slope of the Tête des Monges. During the Riss glaciation, a diffluence from the Durance glacier crossed the Col des Sagnes and went down to the Sasse valley; the Würm glaciation only reached Les Tourniquets. It was during this glacial period that the Triassic gypsum and moraines were created that make the terrain unstable in this part of the valley. Another Riss glaciation diffluence reached the top of the Trente Pas torrent but this did not recur during the Würm glaciation; the relief of the commune is mountainous, but compartmentalized making communication difficult. It has been shaped by glaciers; the main structural element is the Sasse valley, which drains several basins separated by Water gaps. The southernmost of these basins is the former commune of Reynier, semi-circular in shape with the diameter towards the north-east; this diameter is a ridge of mountains rising between 1200 m and 1700 m separating the Reynier basin from the Esparron-la-Bâtie valley. From north to south: the Pategue.
Several mountains define a wide semicircle. On the north side they slope and form green mountain meadows. On the south and west side they form a line of steeper slopes. From east to west and from south to north they are: the Raus Ridge; this mountain forms a basin to the north, along the Sasse. In the middle of this basin is Le Puy: another mountain with a ridge in the south and an inclined slope to the north. North of Reynier basin, the Bayons gorge provides access to the upper valley of the Sasse and the Bayons basin; this basin is bounded on the north by a small massif dominated by Pointe d'Eyrolle and Grande Gautière which opens to several valleys in the east and south: to the north is the valley where Astoin is located and which communicates with the Turriers basin through a gorge - the Col des Sagnes - and Les Tourniquets. Facing Bayons, is l'Oratoire summit. Tête Grosse Finally, wedged between the Bayons basin and that of Reynier, is the long valley of Esparron-la-Bâtie Sasse closed off from the Sasse by the Rochers de la Lause.
The ridges north of this valley are led to the top of l'Oratoire and are marked by the Rocher de l'Aigle and the Rocher du Midi. This valley widens and is closed to the east by the Summit of Clot Ginoux, the summit of Laupie, the summit of Les Monges; the commune is traversed by the Sasse, formed from many streams and has many tributaries draining the adjacent valleys. On the right bank the Sasse receives: the stream from the Trente Pas ravine.
Archail is a commune in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of south-eastern France. It is the second least populated commune in the department; the inhabitants of the commune are known as Archailoises. Archail is located some 5 km south of Le Brusquet. By road from Digne it is 14 km by a winding mountain road; the village is located in a wooded basin at an altitude of 920m. Access to the commune is by the D22 road which runs east from Marcoux to Draix and which passes through the northern tip of the commune. A local road runs off the D22 in the northern tip of the commune and continues south through the commune to the village; the commune is mountainous and forested but there is a small area of farmland south-west of the village. Much of the commune consists of rounded hills of eroded black marl; the Pic de Couar is spectacular. The Ravine and Torrent of l'Areste is in the south in the hills. A vast number of streams rise in the commune including: The Bouinenc, the Sauzeries Ravine, the Mouiroués Ravine, its tributary, the Escure Stream.
These all flow north to join the Bouinenc. None of the 200 communes of the department is in a no seismic risk zone; the Canton of La Javie to which Archail belongs is in Zone 1b according to the deterministic classification of 1991 and based on its seismic history. The Canton is in Zone 4 according to the probabilistic classification EC8 2011; the commune of Archail is exposed to two other natural hazards: forest fire and landslide. The area appears for the first time in texts around 1200 in the form Archallo; the origin of the name means in front of the rocks. The Historical Atlas of Provence indicates a spelling of Arcalhum. In Antiquity the Bodiontiques inhabited the Bléone valley and so were the Gallic people who lived in what is now the commune of Archail; the Bodiontiques were defeated by Augustus at the same time as the other people present on the Tropaeum Alpium and were attached to the province of Alpes-Maritimes during its creation. According to Daniel Thiery, the community was reported in the Polyptych of Wadalde in 814 under the name Argario.
The community of Archail was under the Viguerie of Digne. In 1193 the lordship of Archail was given by the two lords of Saint-Julien to the Chapter of Digne; the lordship was divided between the Bishops of Digne and the Chapter of Digne before the French Revolution. These new lords strengthened their new possession and collected the population in a central location; as with many of the communes in the department, Archail had a school well before the Jules Ferry laws: in 1863 it had a school that provided primary education for boys in the main town. No instruction was given to girls: neither the Falloux Laws, which required the opening of a girls' school in communes with more than 800 inhabitants, nor the first Duruy Law, which lowered the threshold to 500 inhabitants, related to Archail and it was only through the Ferry laws that Archail girls were able to study. Between 1973 and 1979 the commune was merged with Draix under the name Archail-Draix. List of successive mayors: In 2009, the active population was 7 people with no unemployed.
6 out of 7 of these workers were employees and worked outside the commune. As at 1 January 2011 the commune had only four active establishments: one in the construction sector, three in the services sector, which offered the only job in the commune. At the end of 2010 there was no commercial operation in the primary sector. There are artificial meadows irrigated from the irrigation reservoir above the village at the foot of the Pic du Couar, dug in the 1980s under the leadership of the mayor and the sheep farmer. At the end of 2010 the tertiary sector consisted of three establishments with one job. According to the Departmental Observatory of Tourism, tourism is important for the community, with more than five tourists welcomed per resident. Most of the accommodation capacity is non-market and is composed of secondary homes: 18 secondary homes are three quarters of the commune housing. Old houses in beautiful condition; the Parish Church of Our Lady of the Assumption and Saint George was built in 1828.
Its origin can be traced back to the 13th century. The church contains many items that are registered as historical objects: A Processional Banner A Painting: Saint Charles Borromée A Statue: Saint Charles Borromée A Painting: Donation of the Rosary A Thurible A Monstrance A Statue: Saint Joseph A Statue: The Coronation of the Virgin The Notre Dame Chapel, situated on a hill in the middle of the cemetery, is the oldest parish church in the community: its foundation is older than the current village church. Residents participated in the rebuilding of the chapel in 1994; until the Revolution and the Empire, this chapel was the focus of a pilgrimage in August, which attracted people in surrounding communities, which ended with games and a ball. The association Les Ateliers du Couar hosts May Art every year in May with many artists-exhibitors and various other events related to images in all their forms and in association with many artistic expressions; the theme is rural and historical heritage and messages are conveyed through various modes such as the creation of an artist'
Barles is a French commune in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of south-eastern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Barlatanes; the village is located at an altitude of 987 m in the Bès valley some 30 km north by north-east of Digne-les-Bains and 30 km south by south-east of Gap. Access to the commune is by the D900A road from Verdaches in the east which passes through the village and continues south to Esclangon; the D7 road comes from Auzet in the north-east and joins the D900A on the eastern border of the commune. Barles is compartmentalized, divided into valleys separated by high mountains and steep ridges; the Bès Valley links these valleys but, cut by Water gaps, it was not a means of travel for many decades and most travel was on foot and mule along mule tracks via the heights. Between Barles and Verdaches is the summit of Marzenc at 1934 m and, further north, the Tomples; this ridge is passable at the Col des Tomples. The peak of Val-Haut is in the western part of the commune and, between Barles and Bayons are the peaks of Chanau and Oratoire, both located outside the commune.
Farther south are the Cimettes and Laupie or Tourtoureau. A little further south is the Col de la Clapouse deep in the valley of the Descoure stream which gives access to the valley of Esparron-la-Bâtie. South of Monges is the peak of Rabanu. Many places are named after this peak: Bergerie de Chine, Old hut of Chine, Collet de Chine, the Barre de Chine between. Further south, on the border between Barles and La Robine-sur-Galabre, the main peaks are the Summit of Nibles or Petit Cloche at 1909 m, Grande Cloche or Cloche de Barles at 1885 m, at the beginning of a long ridge oriented east-west; this ridge ends at the Barles Water gap. This water gap goes to the other side of the Bès under the name of Serre de la Croix and passes near the Bès via the Pas du Château; the valley of Saint-Clément is closed to the south by the ridge and in the north by the Proussier ridge. The Dou, a promontory of Blayeul known as the Quatre Termes, is located between the communes of Barles, Verdaches and Beaujeu; the Bès river passes through the commune and the village flowing west from Verdaches and continuing south to join the Blèone at Plan de Tauze.
Many tributaries flow into the right bank of the Bes in the commune. From east to south-west these are: The Ravin de Charui The Torrent de Val Haut The Descoure The Ravin du Pillot The Gros Vavon The commune has 862 hectares of woods and forests. None of the 200 communes in the department is in a no seismic risk zone; the canton of Seyne to which Barles belongs is in area 1b according to the deterministic classification of 1991 and based on its seismic history and in zone 4 according to the probabilistic classification EC8 of 2011. Barles faces four other natural hazards: Avalanche Forest fire Flood EarthquakeBarles is not exposed to any risk of technological origin identified by the prefecture. There is no plan for prevention of foreseeable natural risks for the commune and there is no DICRIM. Among the major floods that have occurred are the storm of 18 August 1739 which caused flooding of Bès and destroyed the embankments and some farmland as well as flooding the low-lying houses. In 1917 heavy rains caused a landslide.
The natural dam could not be reached by workmen and a passage was not cleared until the autumn. According to Charles Rostaing the name of the area comes from the oronymic or mountain root *BAR. According to Ernest Negro, who proposed a similar explanation, the name is formed from the Gallic barro, meaning a summit, the diminutive -ulus, giving the meaning "small mountain". According to Rostaing, the place name is pre-Gallic. In Ancient times the Bodiontici populated the Bléone valley as did the Gauls who lived in the area of the modern Barles commune; the Bodiontici were defeated by Augustus at the same time as the other peoples living in the Tropaeum Alpium before 14 BC. Barles was attached to the province of Alpes-Maritimes at the time of its creation in 14 BC; the area appears for the first time in texts in 1193 as Barlis. A castle existed in 1206. In 1300, a small Jewish community was established at Barles. A hospital welcoming the sick and travelers was established at Barles in 1351. In the Middle Ages some taxes were paid collectively by the community.
The distribution per capita was their responsibility and the authorities did not intervene in this distribution. Some taxes were imposed on the Barles community together with Feissal. In the 13th and 14th centuries Barles depended on the viguerie of Digne; the death of Queen Joanna I of Naples created a crisis of succession for the County of Provence. The towns of the Union of Aix supported Duke of Durazzo, against Louis I, Duke of Anjou; the Barles community supported Charles until 1386 changed sides to join the Angevins due to the negotiations of Marie of Blois, Duchess of Anjou, widow of Louis I, regent for their son Louis II of Naples. At the end of the war, Marie of Blois attached Barles to the bailiwick of Seyne. At that time the only routes to the south, open only to pedestrians, passed through the Pas de Saint-Pierre and Tanaron in the west and Saint Clement, the Pas-du-Casteou in Esclangon in the East; the most used routes, moved to the west and went through Esparron-la-Bâtie or via Feissal and Authon: most of the cultural and economic exchanges were elsewhere in Sisteron but the habit of u