Winnipeg South is a Canadian federal electoral district in Manitoba, represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1917 to 1979, since 1988. It covers the south of the city of Winnipeg; the electoral district was created in 1914 from Winnipeg riding. In 1976, it was abolished when it was redistributed into Provencher, Winnipeg—Assiniboine and Winnipeg—Fort Garry ridings. In 1987, it was re-created from Winnipeg -- Winnipeg -- Fort Garry ridings. Winnipeg South was expected by some to be a close race in 2011, although these pundits were proven wrong; this race was close in 2006, between its Liberal incumbent, Reg Alcock and his challenger, Tory Rod Bruinooge. Bruinooge won by just 111 votes. Bruinooge's victory in 2008 was much more comfortable, his challenger was former city councillor Terry Duguid. This riding lost territory to Winnipeg South Centre and Saint Boniface—Saint Vital, gained territory from Saint Boniface during the 2012 electoral redistribution. Bruinooge chose not to contest the 2015 election, the seat was won by Terry Duguid for the Liberal Party.
This riding has elected the following members of the House of Commons: Its Member of Parliament is Terry Duguid. Note: Conservative vote is compared to the total of the Canadian Alliance vote and Progressive Conservative vote in 2000 election. Note: Canadian Alliance vote is compared to the Reform vote in 1997 election. Note: NDP vote is compared to CCF vote in 1958 election. Note: Progressive Conservative vote is compared to "National Government" vote in 1940 election. Note: "National Government" vote is compared to Conservative vote in 1935 election. Note: Conservative vote is compared to Government vote in 1917 election. Liberal vote is compared to Opposition vote in 1917 election. List of Canadian federal electoral districts Past Canadian electoral districts " Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012. Retrieved 2011-03-03. Riding history for Winnipeg South from the Library of Parliament Riding history for Winnipeg South from the Library of Parliament Expenditures - 2008 Expenditures - 2004
New Democratic Party
The New Democratic Party is a social democratic federal political party in Canada. The party was founded in 1961 out of the merger of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation with the Canadian Labour Congress; the party sits to the left of the Liberal Party of Canada within the Canadian political spectrum. The current leader of the federal NDP is Jagmeet Singh; the NDP has been Canada's third- or fourth-largest party in Parliament. Following the 1993 federal election the NDP was reduced to fourth place behind the Bloc Québécois, a position it would maintain for the next 18 years. In the 2011 federal election under the leadership of Jack Layton, the NDP won the second largest number of seats in the House of Commons, gaining the position of Official Opposition for the first time in the party's history; the NDP lost 59 seats during the 2015 federal election and fell to third place in Parliament, though it is their second best seat count to date. The federal and provincial level NDPs are more integrated than other political parties in Canada, have shared membership.
In 1956, after the birth of the Canadian Labour Congress by a merger of two previous labour congresses, negotiations began between the CLC and the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation to bring about an alliance between organized labour and the political left in Canada. In 1958 a joint CCF-CLC committee, the National Committee for the New Party, was formed to create a "new" social-democratic political party, with ten members from each group; the NCNP spent the next three years laying down the foundations of the New Party. During this process, a large number of New Party Clubs were established to allow like-minded Canadians to join in its founding, six representatives from New Party Clubs were added to the National Committee. In 1961, at the end of a five-day long Founding Convention which established its principles and structures, the New Democratic Party was born and Tommy Douglas, the long-time CCF Premier of Saskatchewan, was elected its first leader. In 1960, before the NDP was founded, one candidate, Walter Pitman, won a by-election under the New Party banner.
The influence of organized labour on the party is still reflected in the party's conventions as affiliated trade unions send delegates on a formula based on their number of members. Since one-quarter of the convention delegates have been from affiliated labour groups, after the party changed to an one member, one vote method of electing leaders in leadership races, labour delegate votes are scaled to 25% of the total number of ballots cast for leader. At the 1971 leadership convention, an activist group called The Waffle tried to take control of the party, but were defeated by David Lewis with the help of the union members; the following year, most of The Waffle formed their own party. The NDP itself supported the minority government formed by the Pierre Trudeau–led Liberals from 1972 to 1974, although the two parties never entered into a coalition. Together they succeeded in passing several progressive initiatives into law such as pension indexing and the creation of the crown corporation Petro-Canada.
In 1974, the NDP worked with the Progressive Conservatives to pass a motion of non-confidence, forcing an election. However, it backfired as Trudeau's Liberals regained a majority government at the expense of the NDP, which lost half its seats. Lewis resigned as leader the following year. Under the leadership of Ed Broadbent, the NDP attempted to find a more populist image to contrast with the governing parties, focusing on more pocketbook issues than on ideological fervor; the party played a critical role during Joe Clark's minority government of 1979–1980, moving the non-confidence motion on John Crosbie's budget that brought down the Progressive Conservative government, forced the election that brought Trudeau's Liberal Party back to power. The result in 1980 created two unexpected results for the party: The first was an offer by Trudeau to form a coalition government to allow for greater Western representation in Cabinet and a "united front" regarding the upcoming Quebec referendum. Broadbent, aware that the NDP would have no ability to hold the balance of power and thus no leverage in the government, declined out of fear the party would be subsumed.
The second was Trudeau's Canada Bill to patriate the Constitution of Canada unilaterally and to bring about what would become the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Broadbent endorsed the initiative, directly opposed by the NDP government of Saskatchewan and many of the party's Western parties and members, creating severe internal tension. Broadbent would act as a moderating influence on Trudeau during the debates, the eventual compromise that brought about the Constitution Act, 1982 was authored by Saskatchewan NDP Attorney General and future premier Roy Romanow. In the 1984 election, which saw the Progressive Conservatives win the most seats in Canadian history, the NDP won 30 seats, while the governing Liberals fell to 40 seats. Struggles within the governing Conservatives and opposition Liberals would see dramatic rise in the NDP's polling fortunes; the NDP set a then-record of 43 Members of Parliament elected to the house in the election of 1988. The Liberals, had reaped most of the benefits of opposing free trade to emerge as the dominant alternative to the ruling government.
In 1989, Broadbent stepped down after 14 years as federal leader of the NDP. At the party's leadership convention in 1989, former B. C. Premier Dave Barrett and Yukon MP Audrey McLaughlin
1974 Canadian federal election
The 1974 Canadian federal election was held on July 8, 1974, to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 30th Parliament of Canada. The governing Liberal Party was reelected, going from a minority to a majority government, gave Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau his third term; the Progressive Conservatives, led by Robert Stanfield, did well in the Atlantic provinces, in the West, but the Liberal support in Ontario and Quebec ensured a majority Liberal government. The previous election had resulted in the Liberals emerging as the largest party, but far short of a majority, only two seats ahead of the Progressive Conservatives, they were able to form a government with the support of the New Democratic Party, but the NDP withdrew their backing in May 1974 and voted with the Progressive Conservatives to bring down Trudeau's government in protest of a budget proposed by finance minister John Turner, which the opposition parties felt did not go far enough to control spiralling inflation.
The issue of inflation would become key in the election campaign. Stanfield had proposed a "90-day price freeze" to break the momentum of inflation. Trudeau had ridiculed this policy as an intrusion on the rights of businesses and employees to set or negotiate their own prices and wages with the catch-phrase, "Zap! You're frozen!" In 1975, Trudeau introduced his own wage and price control system under the auspices of the "Anti-Inflation Board". While polls at the election's outset had projected that the Progressive Conservatives would at least win a minority government, they in fact lost nearly a dozen seats; the Conservative campaign was hurt by other factors, including Stanfield giving what was considered to be a poor interview after the vote of no confidence in Trudeau's government, in which he could not name any potential Tory policies for the forthcoming election, by a bungled photo op in the campaign when he attempted to play catch with some assembled journalists, only to fumble and drop the football.
The New Democratic Party, led by David Lewis, lost less than two-and-a-half percentage points in the popular vote, but lost half of their seats in the House of Commons. It was the worst result in the party's history up until that point, with only their performances in 1993 and 2000 to date being worse, they were hurt principally by the collapse of their vote in British Columbia. Their poor showing was blamed on Lewis hinting prior to the election that he would back Stanfield over Trudeau in the event of another hung parliament - which may have caused left-wing voters to vote for the Liberals in order to keep the Tories out of power - and by an unpopular mineral tax introduced by the provincial British Columbia government of Dave Barrett, which would lead to Barrett's government suffering a landslide loss in the following year's provincial election; the Social Credit Party of Canada, led by Réal Caouette, continued to lose ground, fell to 11 seats, one short of the number required to be recognized as a party in the House of Commons.
This status was nonetheless extended to the party by the governing Liberals, who believed that Social Credit's support came at the expense of the Tories. One seat was won in New Brunswick by independent candidate Leonard Jones. Jones, the former mayor of Moncton, had secured the Progressive Conservative nomination, but PC leader Stanfield refused to sign Jones' nomination papers because he was a vocal opponent of official bilingualism, which the PC Party supported. Jones had opposed providing services in French in the City of Moncton though 30% of the city's population was francophone. Jones won as an independent. After the election, Social Credit leader Caouette invited Jones to join the Socred caucus, which would have given that party enough members for official status. Caouette justified the invitation on the basis that Jones agreed with providing bilingual education at the primary school level. Jones declined Caouette's invitation, sat as an independent. Of the four major party leaders, only Trudeau would remain in place for the following federal election five years later.
Stanfield, having failed to defeat the Liberals in any of his three elections as leader, faced pressure to stand down and did so in 1976, being succeeded by Joe Clark. Lewis's position was rendered untenable by the loss of his own seat, he was forced to stand down within a year of the election. Caouette, who had only been able to play a minimal role in the election due to injuries sustained in a snowmobiling accident, stood down as leader of the Socreds in late 1976 and died not long afterwards. Note: "% change" refers to change from previous election xx - less than 0.05% of the popular vote. Number of parties: 6 First appearance: Marxist–Leninist Party of Canada Final appearance: none List of Canadian federal general elections List of political parties in Canada 30th Canadian parliament
1999 Manitoba general election
The Manitoba general election of September 21, 1999 was held to elect Members of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Manitoba, Canada. The New Democratic Party was returned to government after sitting in opposition since the 1988 election; the NDP won 32 seats, against 24 for the Progressive Conservative Party. The Manitoba Liberal Party won one seat. Party code: PC: Progressive Conservative Party of Manitoba L: Manitoba Liberal Party NDP: New Democratic Party of Manitoba G: Manitoba Green Party Comm: Communist Party of Canada - Manitoba Lbt: Libertarian Party of Manitoba M: Manitoba Party denotes or boldface incumbent. Expenditures refer only to candidate election expenses. Eric Stefanson resigned as the member for Kirkfield Park on September 7, 2000. A by-election was called for November 21 of the same year. Tuxedo, November 21, 2000: Heather Stefanson 2692 Rochelle Zimberg 1586 Iona Starr 916Lac Du Bonnett, March 12, 2002: Gerald Hawranik 3398 Michael Hameluck 3234 George Harbotte 1647Riel Steinbach Independent candidates, 1999 Manitoba provincial election
New Democratic Party of Manitoba
The New Democratic Party of Manitoba is a social-democratic political party in Manitoba, Canada. It is the provincial wing of the federal New Democratic Party of Canada, is a successor to the Manitoba Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, it is the opposition party in Manitoba. In the federal election of 1958, the national Co-operative Commonwealth Federation was reduced to only eight seats in the House of Commons of Canada; the CCF's leadership restructured the party during the next three years, in 1961 it merged with the Canadian Labour Congress to create the New Democratic Party. Most provincial wings of the CCF transformed themselves into "New Democratic Party" organisations before the year was over, with Saskatchewan as the only exception. There was little opposition to the change in Manitoba, the Manitoba NDP was formally constituted on November 4, 1961. Future Manitoba NDP leader Howard Pawley was one of the few CCF members to oppose the change. Outgoing CCF leader Russell Paulley won the new party's leadership, defeating two minor figures who offered little in the way of policy alternatives.
The NDP did not achieve an electoral breakthrough in Manitoba, falling from eleven seats to seven in the provincial election of 1962. They recovered to ten seats in the 1966 election, but were still unable to challenge Dufferin Roblin's Progressive Conservative government. Many in the NDP considered Paulley's leadership a liability after the 1966 election. Paulley was known as an old-style labour politician, could not appeal to the broader constituency base that the party needed for an electoral breakthrough. In 1968, he was challenged for the party leadership by Sidney Green, a labour lawyer from north-end Winnipeg; the 1968 leadership challenge was unusual, in that many of Paulley's supporters wanted him to resign the following year, so that he could be replaced by federal Member of Parliament Edward Schreyer. Some regarded the challenge as reflecting ideological divisions in the party, with Green depicted as a candidate of the radical left. Green's supporters tended to be from the party's youth wing, while Paulley was supported by the party establishment and organized labour.
Paulley won the challenge 213 votes to 168, resigned the following year. Edward Schreyer entered the contest to replace him, defeated Green by 506 votes to 177; the NDP won 28 of 57 seats in the 1969 election, formed a minority government after gaining the support of maverick Manitoba Liberal Party Member of the Legislative Assembly Laurent Desjardins. Although the party had been expected to increase its parliamentary presence, its sudden victory was a surprise to most political observers; the question of leadership was important to the NDP's victory. After Dufferin Roblin resigned as Premier in 1967, the Progressive Conservatives chose Walter Weir as his replacement. While Roblin was a Red Tory, Weir was from the party's rural conservative wing, alienated many urban and centre-left voters who had supported the Tories; the Liberals, for their part, chose Robert Bend as their leader shortly before the election. Like Weir, Bend was a rural populist, he campaigned on a "cowboy/rodeo" theme that seemed anachronistic to most voters in 1969.
Schreyer, by contrast, was a centrist within the NDP. He was not ideologically committed to democratic socialism, was in many respects more similar to Liberal Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau than to the province's traditional NDP leadership, he was the first of Manitoba's social-democratic leaders, not from an Anglo-Saxon and Protestant background. A German-Austrian Catholic from rural Manitoba, he appealed to constituencies that were not inclined to support the NDP. During the years of NDP government, major tax and social reforms were carried out, a major hydroelectricity development project was launched in the north of Manitoba, while the province spent on public housing. Schreyer's first administration introduced several important changes to the province, it amalgamated the city of Winnipeg, introduced public auto insurance, reduced Medicare premiums. Schreyer's cabinet was divided on providing provincial funding for denominational schools, but resolved the issue by a compromise; the government continued energy development projects in northern Manitoba.
Schreyer's government was re-elected with a parliamentary majority in the 1973 provincial election. His second ministry was less ambitious on policy matters than was his first, though the government did introduce a new tax on mining resources. In the 1977 election, Schreyer's New Democrats were upset by the Tories under Sterling Lyon. Schreyer resigned as party leader after being appointed Governor-General of Canada. Howard Pawley was chosen as interim leader over Sidney Green and Saul Mark Cherniack in a caucus vote, defeated Muriel Smith and Russell Doern to win the party's leadership at a delegated convention. Green left the NDP soon thereafter, claiming "the trade union movement and militant feminists" had taken control of the party. In 1981, Green formed the Progressive Party of Manitoba, joined by New Democratic MLAs Ben Hanuschak and Bud Boyce. Despite these defections, Pawley's New Democrats were able to win a majority government in the 1981 election. Pawley's government introduced progressive labour legislation, entrenched French language services in Manitoba's parliamentary and legal systems.
Doern, who had served as a cabinet minister in Schreyer's government, left the NDP in 1984 on the language issue. The New Democrats were re-elected with a narrow majority in the 1986 e
Sudbury (electoral district)
Sudbury is a federal electoral district in Ontario, represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 1949. The district is one of two serving the city of Ontario. Sudbury electoral district consists of the part of the City of Greater Sudbury bounded on the west and south by the Greater Sudbury city limits, on the north and east by a line drawn from the western city limit of Greater Sudbury east along the northern limit of the former Town of Walden, north and south along the limits of the former City of Sudbury, west along Highway 69 and Regent Street, south along Long Lake Road, west along the northern boundary of the Township of Broder, southwest along Kelly Lake, south along the eastern limit of the former Town of Walden to the southern city limit of Greater Sudbury. Sudbury electoral district was created in 1947 from part of the Nipissing riding, it consisted of the city of Sudbury and a part of the territorial district of Sudbury. In 1952, the boundaries were narrowed to include only the city of Sudbury, the geographic township of McKim and the town of Copper Cliff.
The rest of the original Sudbury riding was incorporated into the new riding of Nickel Belt. In 1976, Sudbury's growth in population led the riding to shrink further, it now included only the northern half of the city. In 1996, it was redefined as the part of the City of Sudbury north of a line drawn from east to west along Highway 69, south along Long Lake Road, west along the north boundary of the geographic Township of Broder. In 2003, a decline in population led to this riding expanding geographically to include the former town of Walden, now part of the city of Greater Sudbury; the remainder of the city continues to be part of the Nickel Belt riding. This riding was left unchanged after the 2012 electoral redistribution. Riding associations are the local branches of political parties: This riding has elected the following Members of Parliament: Note: NDP vote is compared to CCF vote in 1958 election. List of Canadian federal electoral districts Past Canadian electoral districts " Census Profile".
2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012. Retrieved 2011-03-03. Riding history from the Library of Parliament 2011 results from Elections Canada Campaign expense data from Elections Canada
Cobourg is a town in the Canadian province of Ontario, located in Southern Ontario 95 kilometres east of Toronto and 62 kilometres east of Oshawa. It is seat of Northumberland County, its nearest neighbour is 7 km to the west. It is located along Highway 401 and the former Highway 2. To the south, Cobourg borders Lake Ontario. To the north and west, it is surrounded by Hamilton Township; the settlements that make up today's Cobourg were founded by United Empire Loyalists in 1798. Some of the founding fathers and early settlers were Eliud Nickerson, Joseph Ash, Zacheus Burnham and Asa Allworth Burnham; the Town was a group of smaller villages such as Amherst and Hardscrabble, which were named Hamilton. In 1808 it became the district town for the Newcastle District, it was renamed Cobourg in 1818, in recognition of the marriage of Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales to Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. By the 1830s Cobourg had become a regional centre, much due to its fine harbour on Lake Ontario.
In 1835 the Upper Canada Academy was established in Cobourg by Egerton Ryerson and the Wesleyan Conference of Bishops. On 1 July 1837, Cobourg was incorporated as a town. In 1841 the Upper Canada Academy's name was changed to Victoria College. In 1842 Victoria College was granted powers to confer degrees. Victoria College remained in Cobourg until 1892, when it was moved to Toronto and federated with the University of Toronto. In 1842, John Strachan founded the Diocesan Theological Institute in Cobourg, an Anglican seminary that became integrated into the University of Trinity College in Toronto in 1852; the timber and other resources of Cobourg's large hinterland were identified as the key to its prosperity, if they could be brought to the harbour, Lake Ontario opened up a large and prosperous market. Peterborough to the north, founded in 1825 by Peter Robinson, had become the principal source area, in the 1830s it was still the waterways that were the prime method of bulk transport. Rice Lake and the Otonabee River were brought into use when James Gray Bethune established a steamer running across the lake and up the Otonabee, navigable through to Peterborough.
This meant passengers could be brought at least to the south shore of Lake Rice. The remaining 8 miles of rough tracks was viable for passengers and light goods, but no use for the valuable timber and mine products. By 1835, only 10 years after the first steam railway in the world, there was active discussion about building a railway up to what became Harwood. However, the townspeople invested instead in a plank road, using 300,000 feet of 3-inch wooden planks, allowing horse-drawn vehicles to haul heavy goods. By 1850 the plank road was breaking up, was impassible in wet conditions, so the railway scheme was revived. By 1852 there was considerable enthusiasm for the railway project within the town. River traffic had become seen as yesterday's solution by this time, so the plans were expanded to include a 4 kilometres long bridge across Rice Lake, to take the railway right up to Peterborough. By 1854 the rails reached the shore of the lake, it found good work transporting passengers and nearly 2 million feet of lumber from the Rice Lake down to Cobourg that summer.
However, all the revenue had to ploughed into building an ill-fated bridge, using hundreds of wooden trestles, 31 Burr Truss spans, a centre-pivot swing bridge to allow boats to pass. The prime mover locally for getting the Railway company off the ground was D'Arcy E. Boulton, a lawyer based in Cobourg, who enthused the town with the plan, they agreed to begin funding the scheme, expected to cost £150,000, but ended leaving many people with worthless railway bonds and the town council with a debt, only repaid in the 1930s. The man appointed to manage the project was Samuel Zimmerman, instrumental in building the Great Western Railway; the bridge was constructed over the summer of 1854 and was opened on 29 December that year. Three days it collapsed when ice movements shifted the trestles out of line, splintering the Burr Truss sections; the proposed solution was to stabilise the trestles by an infill of soil, which did happen on the southern side, still visible as a strip of land still remaining running into the lake near Harwood.
But funds were not forthcoming for the northern side, winter ice and shifting lake mud meant that it was unusable. A further problem emerged when Port Hope, not far along the coast, pursued its own plans for a Railway to Peterborough. In 1857 the Port Hope and Lindsay line was constructed, the following year opened a branch to Peterborough, going round the western end of the lake, in direct competition with the struggling Cobourg route; the response of the Cobourg directors was to oust D. E. Boulton, who invested in the Port Hope line. Conflicts of interest among various personnel resulted in deliberately removing the bolts on sections of the bridge in early 1861, ensuring that the ice again the bridge was destroyed, this time it was left unrepaired; the railway reverted to linking Cobourg harbour with the Rice Lake water traffic. In 1865 the railway was bought by a consortium of Pittsburgh steel manufacturers, who had bought the Marmora Iron quarries north-east of Rice Lake, who set up an iron-ore supply route in barges up the Trent River and across Rice Lake to the railway at Harwood.
From there it was brought along the Railway to Cobourg Harbour, for shipment across Lake Ontario