New Musical Express is a British music journalism website and former magazine, published since 1952. It was the first British paper to include a singles chart, in the edition of 14 November 1952. In the 1970s it became the best-selling British music newspaper. During the period 1972 to 1976, it was associated with gonzo journalism became associated with punk rock through the writings of Julie Burchill, Paul Morley and Tony Parsons, it started as a music newspaper, moved toward a magazine format during the 1980s and 1990s, changing from newsprint in 1998. An online version, NME.com, was launched in 1996. It became the world's biggest standalone music site, with over sixteen million users per month. With newsstand sales falling across the UK magazine sector, the magazine's paid circulation in the first half of 2014 was 15,830. In 2013, the list of NME's The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time and the way it was conceived was criticized by the media; the printed magazine NME was relaunched in September 2015 to be distributed nationally as a free publication.
The first average circulation published in February 2016 of 307,217 copies per week was the highest in the brand's history, beating the previous best of 306,881, recorded in 1964 at the height of the Beatles' fame. By December 2017, according to the Audit Bureau of Circulations, average distribution of NME had fallen to 289,432 copies a week, although its publisher Time Inc. UK claimed to have more than 13m global unique users per month, including 3m in the UK. In March 2018, the publisher announced that the print edition of NME would cease publication after 66 years, leaving it as an online-only title. NME's headquarters are in Southwark, England; the brand's current editor is Charlotte Gunn, replacing Mike Williams, who stepped down in February 2018. The paper was established in 1952; the Accordion Times and Musical Express was bought by London music promoter Maurice Kinn, for the sum of £1,000, just 15 minutes before it was due to be closed. It was relaunched as the New Musical Express, was published in a non-glossy tabloid format on standard newsprint.
On 14 November 1952, taking its cue from the US magazine Billboard, it created the first UK Singles Chart, a list of the Top Twelve best-selling singles. The first of these was, in contrast to more recent charts, a top twelve sourced by the magazine itself from sales in regional stores around the UK; the first number one was "Here in My Heart" by Al Martino. During the 1960s the paper championed the new British groups emerging at the time; the NME circulation peaked under Andy Gray with a figure of 306,881 for the period from January to June 1964. The Beatles and the Rolling Stones were featured on the front cover; these and other artists appeared at the NME Poll Winners' Concert, an awards event that featured artists voted as most popular by the paper's readers. The concert featured a ceremony where the poll winners would collect their awards; the NME Poll Winners' Concerts took place between 1959 and 1972. From 1964 onwards they were filmed and transmitted on British television a few weeks after they had taken place.
In the mid-1960s, the NME was dedicated to pop while its older rival, Melody Maker, was known for its more serious coverage of music. Other competing titles included Record Mirror, which led the way in championing American rhythm and blues, Disc, which focused on chart news; the latter part of the decade saw the paper chart the rise of psychedelia and the continued dominance of British groups of the time. During this period some sections of pop music began to be designated as rock; the paper became engaged in a sometimes tense rivalry with Melody Maker. By the early 1970s, NME had lost ground to Melody Maker, as its coverage of music had failed to keep place with the development of rock music during the early years of psychedelia and progressive rock. In early 1972 the paper found itself on the verge of closure by its owner IPC. According to Nick Kent: After sales had plummeted to 60,000 and a review of guitar instrumentalist Duane Eddy had been printed which began with the immortal words "On this, his 35th album, we find Duane in as good as voice as ever," the NME had been told to rethink its policies or die on the vine.
Alan Smith was made editor in 1972, was told by IPC to turn things around or face closure. To achieve this and his assistant editor Nick Logan raided the underground press for writers such as Charles Shaar Murray and Nick Kent, recruited other writers such as Tony Tyler, Ian MacDonald and Californian Danny Holloway. According to The Economist, the New Musical Express "started to champion underground, up-and-coming music.... NME became the gateway to a more rebellious world. First came glamrock, bands such as T. Rex, came punk....by 1977 it had become the place to keep in touch with a cultural revolution, enthralling the nation's listless youth. Bands such as Sex Pistols, X-Ray Spex and Generation X were regular cover stars, eulogised by writers such as Julie Burchill and Tony Parsons, whose nihilistic tone narrated the punk years perfectly." By the time Smith handed the editor's chair to Logan in mid-1973, the paper was selling nearly 300,000 copies per week and was outstripping Melody Maker, Record Mirror and Sounds.
According to MacDonald: I think all the other papers knew by 1974 that NME had become the best music paper in Britain. We had most of the best writers and photographers, the best layouts
Benjamin Obadiah Iqbal Zephaniah is a British writer, dub poet and Rastafarian. He was included in The Times list of Britain's top 50 post-war writers in 2008. Zephaniah was born and raised in the Handsworth district of Birmingham, which he has called the "Jamaican capital of Europe", he is the son of a Jamaican nurse. A dyslexic, he left aged 13 unable to read or write, he writes that his poetry is influenced by the music and poetry of Jamaica and what he calls "street politics". His first performance was in church when he was eleven, by the age of fifteen, his poetry was known among Handsworth's Afro-Caribbean and Asian communities, he received a criminal record with the police as a young man and served a prison sentence for burglary. Tired of the limitations of being a black poet communicating with black people only, he decided to expand his audience, headed to London at the age of twenty-two, he became involved in a workers co-operative in Stratford, which led to the publication of his first book of poetry, Pen Rhythm.
Three editions were published. Zephaniah has said that his mission is to fight the dead image of poetry in academia, to "take everywhere" to people who do not read books so he turned poetry readings into concert-like performances, his second collection of poetry, The Dread Affair: Collected Poems, contained a number of poems attacking the British legal system. Rasta Time in Palestine, an account of a visit to the Palestinian occupied territories, contained poetry and travelogue, his 1982 album Rasta, which featured The Wailers' first recording since the death of Bob Marley as well as a tribute to Nelson Mandela, gained him international prestige and topped the Yugoslavian pop charts. It was because of this recording that he was introduced to the political prisoner and soon-to-be South African president Nelson Mandela, in 1996, Mandela requested that Zephaniah host the president's Two Nations Concert at the Royal Albert Hall, London. Zephaniah was poet in residence at the chambers of Michael Mansfield QC, sat in on the inquiry into Bloody Sunday and other cases, these experiences leading to his Too Black, Too Strong poetry collection.
We Are Britain! is a collection of poems celebrating cultural diversity in Britain. Zephaniah's first book of poetry for children, called Talking Turkeys, was reprinted after six weeks. In 1999 he wrote a novel for teenagers, the first of four novels to date. Zephaniah lived for many years in East London but in 2008 began dividing his time between Beijing and a village near Spalding, Lincolnshire, he was married for twelve years to Amina, a theatre administrator, whom he divorced in 2001. In 2011, Zephaniah accepted a year-long position as poet in residence at Keats House in Hampstead, London. Zephaniah is a supporter of Aston Villa F. C. and is the patron for an Aston Villa supporters' website. Zephaniah is an honorary patron of The Vegan Society, Viva!, EVOLVE! Campaigns, the anti-racism organisation Newham Monitoring Project with whom he made a video in 2012 about the impact of Olympic policing on black communities, Tower Hamlets Summer University and is an animal rights advocate. In 2004 he wrote the foreword to Keith Mann's book From Dusk'til Dawn: An insider's view of the growth of the Animal Liberation Movement, a book about the Animal Liberation Front.
In August 2007, he announced that he would be launching the Animal Liberation Project, alongside People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals. He became a vegan when he read poems about "shimmering fish floating in an underwater paradise, birds flying free in the clear blue sky". In 2016 Zephaniah curated We Are All Human, an exhibition at the Southbank Centre presented by the Koestler Trust which exhibited art works by prisoners, detainees and ex-offenders; the poet joined Amnesty International in speaking out against homophobia in Jamaica, saying: "For many years Jamaica was associated with freedom fighters and liberators, so it hurts when I see that the home of my parents is now associated with the persecution of people because of their sexual orientation."Zephaniah has spoken in favour of a British Republic and the dis-establishment of the crown. Zephaniah appeared in literature to support changing the British electoral system from first-past-the-post to alternative vote for electing members of parliament to the House of Commons in the Alternative Vote referendum in 2011.
Zephaniah is a Rastafari. He gave up smoking cannabis in his thirties. In 2003, Zephaniah was offered appointment as an Officer of the Order of the British Empire, but publicly rejected it. In a subsequent article for The Guardian he elaborated upon his reaction to learning about being considered for the award and his reasons for rejecting it: "Me? I thought, OBE me? Up yours, I thought. I get angry when I hear that word'empire'. Benjamin Zephaniah OBE – no way Mr Blair, no way Mrs Queen. I am profoundly anti-empire."In 2015 he called for Welsh and Cornish to be taught in English schools, saying "Hindi and French are taught, so why not Welsh? And why not Cornish? They're part of our culture."In a 2017 interview, commenting on the ongoing Brexit negotiations, Zephaniah stated that "For left-wing reasons, I think we should leave the EU but the way that we’re leaving is wrong". Zephaniah won the BBC Young Playwright's Award, he has been awarded honorary doctorates by the University of North London, the University of Central England, Staffordshire University, London South Ba
Tank is the fifth studio album by British alternative electronica band Asian Dub Foundation. Flyover Tank Hope Round Up Oil Powerlines Who Runs the Place Take Back the Power Warring Dhol Tomorrow Begins Today Melody 7 Tank at AllMusic. Retrieved 14:07, 9 November 2015
Select was a United Kingdom music magazine of the 1990s, known for covering Britpop, a term coined in the magazine by Stuart Maconie. Its 1993 "Yanks Go Home" edition, featuring The Auteurs, Saint Etienne and Suede's Brett Anderson on the cover in front of a Union Flag, was an important impetus in defining the movement's opposition to American genres such as grunge; the magazine launched in mid 1990 and folded in late 2000, mirroring the rise and decline of the Britpop scene with which it became synonymous. Pop Babylon! Music and Beyond Music for Tomorrow Total Stereo Andrew Perry, deputy editor Harry Borden, visual contributor Giles Duley John Harris Graham Linehan Steve Lowe, contributing editor Dorian Lynskey Stuart Maconie Sarra Manning Caitlin Moran John Mullen, contributing editor Sian Pattenden David Quantick Miranda Sawyer Cass Spencer, art editor Roy Wilkinson, reviews editor Over the years the magazine gave away a number of free compilations; these included: Cassette, Oct 1990 The House of Love: Se dest James: Whoops Yello: Angel no Electribe 101: Talkin' with myself The Walker Brothers: My ship is coming in The Hummingbirds: House taken over Ruby Blue: Quiet mind The Lilac Time: Fields Dusty Springfield: Breakfast in bed Tom Verlaine: Cooleridge The Fall: I'm Frank Cameo: I want it now Factory Records, Cassette, 1991 Northside: Moody Places Instrumental New Order: Bizarre Love Triangle Cath Carroll: Moves Like You Happy Mondays: Kinky Afro The Wendys: Suckling Revenge: The Trouble With Girls Electronic: Lucky Bag Cath Carroll: Next Time Vini Reilly & Durutti Column: Megamix Creation Records, Cassette, 1992 C-RE 128 The Boo Radleys: Lazy day Swervedriver: Son of Mustang Ford Teenage Fanclub: Kylie's got a crush on us Silverfish: Vitriola Love Corporation: Gimme some love Ride:Time of her time (live version from Hultsfred Festival, Sweden August 1991 MK: Play the world The Telescopes: You set my soul Slowdive: Shine Sheer Taft: Atlantis Bill Drummond: The manager's speech Island Records, Cassette, 1993 Stereo MCs: Everything Nine Inch Nails: Wish Ice Cube: U ain't gonna take my life Starclub: Bad machine Freestyle Fellowship: Innercity boundaries The Disposable Heroes of Hiphoprisy: California über alles U2: Salomé PJ Harvey: Hook Dodge City Productions: As long as we're around Sheep on Drugs: Flaming church of baby jesus Apache Indian featuring Shaggy: Chok there The Cranberries: Put me down Cassette, October 1994 - Compiled by Chantal Kershaw and Andrew Harrison The Prodigy: We Eat Rhythm James: Honest Joe House Of Pain: On Point Liquid: Snow Storm Kaliphz: Vokalrekall Orbital: Impact Marxman: Scenes in my Mind Trans-Global Underground: Dopi Jonny L: Jonny L Cassette, Apr 1995 Boo Radleys: Stuck On Amber Gene: Haunted By You EMF: Perfect Day Stereolab: Seeperbold Massive Attack: Magnetic Shield Dub Sleeper: It's Wrong Of You To Breed Steamboat Band: Just Like Me Whiteout: Higher U2: Stay Teenage Fanclub: Nothing To Be Done Spiritualized Electric Mainline: Spread Your Wings Marion: Late Gate Show McAlmont: Worn Away Global Communication: Incidental Harmony Cassette, May 1995 Strata 3: A Man's World Bootman: To The Hip Lionrock: Packet Of Peace Danell Dixon: Earthquake Transglobal Underground: International Stomp Plastikman: Spastik Emmanuel Top: Ecsta Deal Barada: Mathematics Orbital: Are We Here?
Underworld: Dog Man Go Woof New Order 1963 Planetary Assault Systems: Booster Humate3.1 Björk: Human Behaviour Cassette, 1996 Ash: Kung Fu Underworld: Oich Oich Afghan Whigs: You've Changed Edwyn Collins: You Are on Your Own Beth Orton: Live As You Dream Rosa Mota: Shelflife Northern Uproar: Kicks Moby: Every Time You Touch Me David Holmes: Keep The Motor Runnin' Honey Trash Can Sinatras: Pop Place Divine Comedy: Becoming More Like Alfie Cable: Action Replay Replay Cassette, November 1996 Suede: She The Black Crowes: Just Say You're Sorry Genaside II: New Life IV The Hunted Space: Influenza Deus: Roses 18 Wheeler: Stay Baby Bird: Too Handsome To Be Homeless Ash: Punk Boy Dodgy: Grateful Moon Mainstream: Make It Easy The Boo Radleys: One Last Hurrah Cable: Steer Bawl: Crocodiles Tricky: Bad Things CD, June 1997 Blur: Get Out Of Cities Dodgy: Ain't No Longer Mantaray: Behind The Clouds DJ Shadow: The Third Decade, Our Move Hurricane #1: Faces In A Dream Kenickie: Millionaire Sweeper Toaster: Six Million Dollar Goat Bentley Rhythm Ace: Why Is A Frog Too?
Suede: Filmstar The Supernaturals: I Don't Think So Lamb: Cottonwool Spiritualized: Electricity The Candyskins: Help Me Stereophonics: Looks Like Chaplin GusGus: Polydistortion Gorky's Zygotic Mynci: Blood Chant Silver Sun: Bad Haircut Santa Cruz: Celebration On CD, December 1998 Ash: Jesus Says The Wiseguys: Ooh La La Space and Cerys Matthews: The Ballad of Tom Jones The Jon Spencer Blues Explosion: Lovin' Machine The Delgados: Everything Goes Around the Water Stereolab: One Small Step Cuba: Foxy's Den Les Rythmes Digitales: What's that sound Eddie Izzard: Kennedy Cornelius: Free fall Unkle: Rabbit in Your Headlights The Divine Comedy: Commuter Love Quasi: Th
Conscious Party (Asian Dub Foundation album)
Conscious Party is an album by Asian Dub Foundation, released in 1998. The album features live cuts of tracks from Rafi's Revenge, as well as several remixes and the tracks "Tribute to John Stevens" and "Digital Underclass", both of which appeared on Rafi's Revenge. All tracks by Asian Dub Foundation "Assassin" "Black White" "Naxalite" "Taa Deem" "Dub Mentality" "Hypocrite" "Buzzing" "Charge" "Free Satpal Ram" "Tribute to John Stevens" "Free Satpal Ram" "Charge" "Digital Underclass" "Culture Move" Louis Beckett – Remixing, Mixing Filthy Rich – Mixing Bobby Marshall – Remixing
In the music industry, a single is a type of release a song recording of fewer tracks than an LP record or an album. This can be released for sale to the public in a variety of different formats. In most cases, a single is a song, released separately from an album, although it also appears on an album; these are the songs from albums that are released separately for promotional uses such as digital download or commercial radio airplay and are expected to be the most popular. In other cases a recording released. Despite being referred to as a single, singles can include up to as many as three tracks; the biggest digital music distributor, iTunes Store, accepts as many as three tracks less than ten minutes each as a single, as does popular music player Spotify. Any more than three tracks on a musical release or thirty minutes in total running time is either an extended play or, if over six tracks long, an album; when mainstream music was purchased via vinyl records, singles would be released double-sided.
That is to say, they were released with an A-side and B-side, on which two singles would be released, one on each side. Moreover, only the most popular songs from a released album would be released as a single. In more contemporary forms of music consumption, artists release most, if not all, of the tracks on an album as singles; the basic specifications of the music single were set in the late 19th century, when the gramophone record began to supersede phonograph cylinders in commercially produced musical recordings. Gramophone discs were manufactured in several sizes. By about 1910, the 10-inch, 78 rpm shellac disc had become the most used format; the inherent technical limitations of the gramophone disc defined the standard format for commercial recordings in the early 20th century. The crude disc-cutting techniques of the time and the thickness of the needles used on record players limited the number of grooves per inch that could be inscribed on the disc surface, a high rotation speed was necessary to achieve acceptable recording and playback fidelity.
78 rpm was chosen as the standard because of the introduction of the electrically powered, synchronous turntable motor in 1925, which ran at 3600 rpm with a 46:1 gear ratio, resulting in a rotation speed of 78.26 rpm. With these factors applied to the 10-inch format and performers tailored their output to fit the new medium; the 3-minute single remained the standard into the 1960s, when the availability of microgroove recording and improved mastering techniques enabled recording artists to increase the duration of their recorded songs. The breakthrough came with Bob Dylan's "Like a Rolling Stone". Although CBS tried to make the record more "radio friendly" by cutting the performance into halves, separating them between the two sides of the vinyl disc, both Dylan and his fans demanded that the full six-minute take be placed on one side, that radio stations play the song in its entirety; as digital downloading and audio streaming have become more prevalent, it has become possible for every track on an album to be available separately.
The concept of a single for an album has been retained as an identification of a more promoted or more popular song within an album collection. The demand for music downloads skyrocketed after the launch of Apple's iTunes Store in January 2001 and the creation of portable music and digital audio players such as the iPod. In September 1997, with the release of Duran Duran's "Electric Barbarella" for paid downloads, Capitol Records became the first major label to sell a digital single from a well-known artist. Geffen Records released Aerosmith's "Head First" digitally for free. In 2004, Recording Industry Association of America introduced digital single certification due to significant sales of digital formats, with Gwen Stefani's "Hollaback Girl" becoming RIAA's first platinum digital single. In 2013, RIAA incorporated on-demand streams into the digital single certification. Single sales in the United Kingdom reached an all-time low in January 2005, as the popularity of the compact disc was overtaken by the then-unofficial medium of the music download.
Recognizing this, On 17 April 2005, Official UK Singles Chart added the download format to the existing format of physical CD singles. Gnarls Barkley was the first act to reach No.1 on this chart through downloads alone in April 2006, for their debut single "Crazy", released physically the following week. On 1 January 2007 digital downloads became eligible from the point of release, without the need for an accompanying physical. Sales improved in the following years, reaching a record high in 2008 that still proceeded to be overtaken in 2009, 2010 and 2011. Singles have been issued in various formats, including 7-inch, 10-inch, 12-inch vinyl discs. Other, less common, formats include singles on Digital Compact Cassette, DVD, LD, as well as many non-standard sizes of vinyl disc; the most common form of the vinyl single is the 45 or 7-inch. The names are derived from its play speed, 45 rpm, the standard diameter, 7 inches; the 7-inch 45 rpm record was released 31 March 1949 by RCA Victor as a smaller, more durable and higher-fidelity replacement for the 78 rpm shellac discs.
The first 45
Punkara is the sixth studio album by the collective Asian Dub Foundation. It was recorded with The Go! Team producer, Gareth Parton at The Fortress Studios, London, it is the first album released with new singer Al Rumjen of King Prawn. There was an advanced release in Japan on 26 March 2008, it was subsequently leaked worldwide. Punkara was released in the UK on the 13 October 2008 with a different track listing to the Japanese release which featured an exclusive bonus track. A video has been released for Burning Fence. AllMusic was positive about the album but noted it broke little new ground. Official Band Website