The 1987 NCAA Division I-AA football season, part of college football in the United States organized by the National Collegiate Athletic Association at the Division I-AA level, began in August 1987, concluded with the 1987 NCAA Division I-AA Football Championship Game on December 19, 1987, at the Minidome in Pocatello, Idaho. The Northeast Louisiana Indians won their first I-AA championship, defeating the Marshall Thundering Herd by a final score of 43–42; the Gulf Star Conference folded after the 1986 season when four of its founding members, Northwestern State, Sam Houston State, Southwest Texas State, Stephen F. Austin, joined the Southland Conference; the Gulf Star's remaining football member, Nicholls State, opted to become an Independent. Three former Southland Conference members, Arkansas State and Louisiana Tech, moved to D-IAA Independent status following their joining the newly formed, non-football, American South Conference as charter members. Four teams were seeded in the 16-team bracket.
Undefeated and top-ranked Holy Cross, featuring Heisman Trophy candidate Gordie Lockbaum, did not participate in the postseason, per the rules of their conference, the Colonial League. The Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference conference champion Howard Bison, who finished their regular season with a 9–1 record but did not receive an invitation to the I-AA playoffs, filed a lawsuit against the NCAA and sought a temporary restraining order to delay the start of the playoffs; the lawsuit asserted "racially motivated reasons" for the team being passed over. Two days the request for a temporary restraining order was rejected by United States federal judge John Garrett Penn. Howard advocated that they, plus three other teams, should be added to the second round of the playoffs. In September 1989, MEAC stripped Howard of their 1987 conference championship, retroactively awarding it to Delaware State, after finding that Howard had used some players beyond their four years of NCAA eligibility. * Next to team name denotes host institution * Next to score denotes overtime periods
Clean Air Delivery Rate is a figure of merit, the cubic feet per minute of air that has had all the particles of a given size distribution removed. For air filters that have air flowing through them, it is the fraction of particles that have been removed from the air, multiplied by the air flow rate through the device. More it is the CFM of air in a 1,008-cubic-foot room that has had all the particles of a given size distribution removed from the air and above the rate at which the particles are falling out of the air. Different filters have different abilities to remove different particle distributions, so three CADR's for a given device are measured: smoke and dust. By combining the amount of airflow and particle removal efficiency, consumers are less to be misled by a high efficiency filter, filtering a small amount of air, or by a high volume of air, not being filtered well; the CADR ratings were developed by Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers and are measured according to a procedure specified by ANSI/AHAM AC-1.
The ratings are recognized by retailers, standards organizations, government bodies such as the EPA and the Federal Trade Commission. Whole house air cleaners are not covered by the CADR specification because the measurement is performed in a standard 1,008-cubic-foot room, the size of a typical house room, which has different airflow patterns than whole-house filters. Measurements are made with the filter running and not running, so particles that fall out of the air are not being counted as part of filter's operation; the measurement only applies to particulate matter, not to gases. Any device or technology that removes particulate matter from the air can be tested for CADR numbers. Anyone with the necessary equipment can perform the ANSI/AHAM AC-1 measurements; the AHAM performs the tests for manufacturers who are paid members of AHAM which choose to use their service, allowing the manufacturer to display a seal that certifies AHAM performed the test. The CADR numbers reflect particulate matter remaining in the air, which has not been captured by the filter or other technology.
Some low-efficiency filters employ ionization, which attaches a weak electrostatic charge to particulate matter, which can cause several smaller particles to group together resulting in a lower particle measurement count. Ionization can cause particulate matter to attach to surfaces such as walls, flooring, resulting in lower particulate counts in the air, but without having particulate matter permanently removed from the air; the rating is only valid for a given filter as used in a specific equipment design, when the filter is brand new. The rating is based on a 20-minute test. Choosing a higher- or lower-efficiency filter than the unit was designed for may decrease its ability to filter air. An exception is; this is achievable only with physically larger or thicker filters, which cannot be used in a unit designed for smaller filters. Filters with efficiencies higher than the original may slow the fan's airflow rate down, which may result in a lower CADR rating. Due to the measurement process, the CADR rating is intended for use only with equipment designed for residential spaces.
Clean rooms and airplanes use high-efficiency HEPA filters and do not use a CADR rating, but instead may use MERV ratings. The AHAM seal lists three CADR numbers, one each for smoke and dust; this order is from the smallest to largest particles and corresponds to the most dangerous to the least dangerous particles. The higher the CADR number, the more air it filters per minute for that particle size range. Consumers can use these ratings to compare air cleaners from the various manufacturers; the defined particle size ranges are 0.09–1.0 µm for smoke, 0.5–3 µm for dust, 5–11 µm for pollen. AHAM recommends following their'2/3' rule. Air filters should be chosen for rooms so that the value of its smoke CADR is equal to or greater than 2/3 the room area in units of square feet; this recommendation is based on the assumption that the room will have air exchanged with other rooms at a rate of less than 1 room volume per hour, that the customer desires at least 80% of the smoke particles removed from the air.
For an 8-foot high room, this means the room volume should be less than or equal to 12 times the CADR value. Much larger rooms can be filtered if there is no air coming from the outside, if there is no significant continuing source of particulates in the room. MERV 14 filters are capable of reducing smoke particles by 80% when operating at the filter's design velocity, so a CADR smoke rating on a simple filtering unit that uses a MERV 14 filter will be 0.80 times the fan flow rate in CFM. If the filtering unit does not mix the test room's air well, it may receive a lower CADR measurement because it does not operate as efficiently as it should. If a filtering unit uses a MERV 12 filter that removes 40% of the smoke particles it may still obtain a smoke CADR of 80 by filtering 200 cubic feet per minute instead of 100 CFM. Conversely, a 99.97% HEPA filter that removes over 99.9% of the smoke particles needs to filter 80 cubic feet per minute to get a CADR of 80. This shows. Large particles fall out of the air faster than small particles, but the CADR rating is based on how well the filter works over and above this effect.
So CADR ratings
Conocarpus lancifolius, one of two species in the genus Conocarpus, is a tree in the family Combretaceae native to coastal and riverine areas of Somalia and Yemen. It is found throughout the Horn of Africa, the Arabian peninsula, South Asia; the tree has no common name in English. In Somali, it is called qalab, it is commonly found in residential compounds in Dubai. The tree's wood is suitable for charcoal. Goats use the young shoots as fodder, although the leaves contain tannin; because of its high salt tolerance and relative drought tolerance, the tree is sometimes planted as a pioneer species in reafforestation projects in its native habitat. The tree has a symmetrical growth habit and can be shaped into a variety of different forms, it can be shaped into short and tall hedges, is effective for creating a visual or a noise barrier. With suitable plant spacing it can be grown as a hardy single-stemmed tree, good for shade; the tree has been extensively used in Karachi for landscaping along roads and by homeowners as a tall hedging tree for screening purposes.
The A40 links Derry in the North West of Northern Ireland to Raphoe in County Donegal. The A40 commences in the city centre of Derry on the west bank of the River Foyle and is connected with A2 at the Foyleside Roundabout; the A2 continues at a higher elevation along John Street running parallel to the A40 along Foyle Road and travelling under the Craigavon Bridge, whilst the A2 spans the bridge over the Foyle on the higher level to the east bank to the Waterside and Londonderry railway station and around the Ulster coast line. The lower deck of the Craigavon Bridge has connections with the A5 along Victoria Road on the east bank to Strabane and Omagh; the two decks of the double deck Craigavon Bridge are both called Bridge Street, the lower deck did have railway track linking the lines that served the city for goods trains. The Craigavon Bridge is an underbridge in terms of the A40, an overbridge in terms of the A2; the A40 continues with the Foyle Valley Railway on the left and the narrow gauge railway track diverging following the gentle meanders of River Foyle.
Housing on the right after a mini roundabout becoming the Letterkenny Road gaining a higher alignment with the countryside and railway line along the tree lined shore in the valley. Over the Foyle is the A5 whilst the A40 moves west inland into farmland and diverges from the Letterkenny Road B193 at Nixons Corner; the B193 to Newtown Cunningham and the A40 turns southwestward along Mullenan Road and crosses from Northern Ireland into County Donegal and becoming the R236 and running via Carrigans and at Dundee the R265 designation brings the road to St Johnston until Tullyowen before reverting to the R236 linking with Raphoe
Adventure World is a theme park in Perth, Western Australia. It is located in Bibra Lake, 20 km from the CBD; the park opened on 11 November 1982 as "Adventureworld at Bibra Lakes" and undergoes a winter closure each year. Adventure World was built on an old limestone quarry at Bibra Lake. 380,000 tonnes of sand were used to reshape the land for the initial landscape of the park before it opened on 11th November 1982. The theme park has 25 different attractions, including the "Goliath" launched in 2017, the $12 million roller coaster “Abyss” launched in 2013, the $7 million dollar Kraken, the longest and steepest Funnel water slide of its kind, the “Dragon’s Kingdom” children area and Hawaiian themed water playground “Kahuna Falls”. Adventure World is a seasonal business open for 7 months a year to take advantage of Western Australia's summer climate; the following is a list of the attractions at Adventure World. Dragon's Kingdom - A medieval children's section of the park; the section contains: Kingdom Falls, a water play attraction The Little Leaper, a Zamperla hopper The Barnacle, a Zamperla Rockin Tug Dragon Express, a steel roller coaster for kids Dragon Flyer, a Zamperla fixed arm rotating ride Yarli's Barrel Spin Yarli's Safari Aussie Wildlife Experience, a zoo attraction that contains a range of Australian animals Tidal Wave - a racing mat water slide Rail Rider - a single rail pedal attraction Grand Prix Raceway - a set of go karts Buccaneer Battle - a set of bumper boats Kahuna Falls - The largest water playground of its kind in Australia Rocky Rapids - a tube slide Mat Slides - a series of water slides where guests ride on mats Sky Lift - a chairlift Sea Serpents - a pair of dueling raft waterslides made by Australian Waterslides and Leisure Tunnel of Terror - a tandem tube slide Wahoo Speed Slides - a body slide The Lagoon - a large swimming pool Inferno - a HUSS Rides SHOT'N DROP ride built on the old Turbo Mountain site The Black Widow - a Zamperla Power Surge The Rampage - a Moser Maverick 32 Abyss - a $12 million Gerstlauer Euro-Fighter roller coaster, the single largest investment in the park's history The Kraken - a $7 million Proslide Tornado 60 Waterslide Goliath - a $7.5 million Intamin Gyro-Swing Bounty's Revenge - a swinging pirate ship Paddle Boats - a set of paddle boats Whistle Stop Train - a train Turbo Mountain - an Anton Schwarzkopf Jet Star II bought second hand from Luna Park Sydney.
Closed in 2009 to make room for the Freefall. The Luge a downhill sled on a concrete track; the Haunted Castle, selection of wax work figures on display Adventure World announces a new major attraction every 2 seasons, but this is not guaranteed nor a policy, it's more of a coincidence, or loose goal to aim for. More new rides are codenamed "MI" followed by a number. No new attraction is expected for announcement or release in 2019, or the season 2019/2020. Adventure World has many food outlets; these are: Dragon's Bites Scream'n' Eats Sweet Treats Surf Shack Kahuna Cafe Full Of Beans Tiki Bar Official website