The Dangerous Summer
The Dangerous Summer is a nonfiction book by Ernest Hemingway published posthumously in 1985 and written in 1959 and 1960. The book describes the rivalry between bullfighters Luis Miguel Dominguín and his brother-in-law, Antonio Ordóñez, during the "dangerous summer" of 1959, it has been cited as Hemingway's last book. The Dangerous Summer is an edited version of a 75,000-word manuscript Hemingway wrote between October 1959 and May 1960 as an assignment from LIFE Magazine. Hemingway summoned his close friend Will Lang Jr. to come to Spain to deliver the story to LIFE Magazine. The book was edited from the original manuscript by his American publisher Charles Scribner's Sons. A 30,000-word extract from the script was published in three consecutive installments in LIFE during September 1960. Popular author James Mitchener wrote the 33-page introduction which includes Michener's personal knowledge of bullfights and famous matadors, a comprehensive glossary of terms related to each stage of a bullfight, unvarnished personal anecdotes of Hemingway.
The book charts the rise of Antonio Ordóñez during a season of bullfights during 1959. During a fight on May 13, 1959, in Aranjuez, Ordóñez is badly gored but remains in the ring and kills the bull, a performance rewarded by trophies of both the bull's ears, its tail, a hoof. By contrast, Luis Miguel Dominguín is famous as a bullfighter and returns to the ring after several years of retirement. Less gifted than Ordóñez, his pride and self-confidence draw him into an intense rivalry with the newcomer, the two meet in the ring several times during the season. Starting the season supremely confident, Dominguín is humbled by this competition. While Ordóñez displays breathtaking skill and artistry in his fights, performing dangerous, classical passés, Dominguín resorts to what Hemingway describes as "tricks", moves that look impressive to the crowd but that are much safer. Dominguín is gored badly at a fight in Valencia, Ordóñez is gored shortly afterwards. Less than a month the two bullfighters meet in the ring again for what Hemingway described as "one of the greatest bullfights I have seen", "an perfect bullfight unmarred by any tricks."
From the six bulls which they fight, the pair win ten ears, four tails and two hooves as trophies, an extraordinary feat. Their final meeting takes place in Bilbao, with Dominguín receiving a near-fatal goring and Ordóñez demonstrating absolute mastery by performing the recibiendo kill, one of the oldest and most dangerous moves. Ordóñez's recibiendo requires three attempts, displaying the fighter's artistry and bravery that Hemingway likens to that of legendary bullfighter Pedro Romero. Review in The New York Times by William Kennedy
Winner Take Nothing
Winner Take Nothing is a 1933 collection of short stories by Ernest Hemingway. Hemingway's third and final collection of stories, it was published four years after A Farewell to Arms, a year after his non-fiction book about bullfighting, Death in the Afternoon. Winner Take Nothing was published on 27 October 1933 by Scribner's with a first edition print-run of 20,000 copies; the volume included the following stories: "After the Storm" "A Clean, Well-Lighted Place" "The Light of the World" "God Rest You Merry, Gentlemen" "The Sea Change" "A Way You'll Never Be" "The Mother of a Queen" "One Reader Writes" "Homage to Switzerland" "A Day's Wait" "A Natural History of the Dead" "Wine of Wyoming" "The Gambler, the Nun, the Radio" "Fathers and Sons" Reissued in 1977, the collection included three additional stories: "The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber" "The Capital of the World" "Old Man at the Bridge" Winner Take Nothing at Faded Page
Islands in the Stream (novel)
Islands in the Stream is the first of the posthumously published works of Ernest Hemingway. The book was intended to revive Hemingway’s reputation after the negative reviews of Across the River and Into the Trees, he began writing it in 1950 and advanced through 1951. The work, rough but finished, was found by Mary Hemingway among 332 works Hemingway left behind at his death. Islands in the Stream was meant to encompass three stories to illustrate different stages in the life of its main character, Thomas Hudson; the three different parts of the novel were to be titled "The Sea When Young", "The Sea When Absent" and "The Sea in Being". These titles were changed, into what are now its three acts: "Bimini", "Cuba", "At Sea". Early in 1950 Hemingway started work on a "sea trilogy", to consist of three sections: "The Sea When Young"; the last was published in 1952 as the Sea. He wrote an unpublished story, "Sea-Chase", which his wife and editor combined with the previous stories about the islands, renamed them as Islands in the Stream, published in 1970.
The first act, "Bimini", begins with an introduction to the character of Thomas Hudson, a typical Hemingway stoic male figure. Hudson is a renowned American painter who finds tranquility on the island of Bimini, in the Bahamas, a far cry from his usual adventurous lifestyle. Hudson’s strict routine of work is interrupted when his three sons arrive for the summer and is the setting for most of the act. Introduced in this act is the character of Roger Davis, a writer, one of Hudson’s oldest friends. Though similar to Hudson, by struggling with an unmentioned internal conflict, Davis seems to act as a more dynamic and outgoing image of Hudson’s character; the act ends with Hudson receiving news of the death of his two youngest children soon after they leave the island. "Cuba" takes place soon thereafter during the Second World War in Havana, Cuba where the reader is introduced to an older and more distant Hudson who has just received news of his oldest son’s death in the war. This second act introduces us to a more cynical and introverted Hudson who spends his days on the island drinking and doing naval reconnaissance for the US military aboard Hudson's yacht, converted to an auxiliary patrol boat.
"At Sea", the final act, follows Hudson and a team of irregulars aboard their boat as they track and pursue survivors of a sunken German U-boat along the Jardines del Rey archipelago on the northern coast of Cuba. Hudson becomes intent on finding the fleeing Germans after he finds they massacred an entire village to cover their escape; the novel ends with a shoot-out and the destruction of the Germans in one of the tidal channels surrounding Cayo Guillermo. Hudson is mortally wounded in the gun battle, although the ending is ambiguous. During the chase, Hudson stops questioning the deaths of his children; this chapter rings with influences of Hemingway’s earlier work For Whom the Bell Tolls. Hemingway used many of his real life experiences and relatives, to form his stories and base his characters on. Henry Strater, an American painter, spent the summer with Hemingway fishing on Bimini in 1935, he is shown in the adjacent picture standing next to what was believed to be a 1,000 pound Marlin, half eaten by sharks while Strater landed the fish.
While on Bimini and Sara Murphy, good friends of Hemingway, lost their young son, Baoth, to illness. Hemingway's grief for the loss is captured in letters to the Murphys. During WW II, Hemingway hunted for U-Boats aboard his boat Pilar, his boat was outfitted with communications gear provided by the US Embassy in Havana. Hemingway Archives, John F. Kennedy Library
The Complete Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway
The Complete Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway: The Finca Vigía Edition, is a posthumous collection of Ernest Hemingway's short fiction, published in 1987. It contains the classic First Forty-Nine Stories plus a number of other works and a foreword by his sons. Only a small handful of stories published during Hemingway's lifetime are not included in The First Forty-Nine. Five stories were written concerning the Spanish Civil War: "The Denunciation", "The Butterfly and the Tank", "Night Before Battle", "Under The Ridge", "Nobody Ever Dies". Excepting "Nobody Ever Dies", these stories were collected in a posthumous 1969 volume with his play, entitled The Fifth Column and Four Stories of the Spanish Civil War. Chicote's bar and the Hotel Florida in Madrid are recurrent settings in these stories. In March 1951, Holiday magazine published two of Hemingway's short children's stories, "The Good Lion" and "The Faithful Bull". Two more short stories were to appear in Hemingway's lifetime: "Get A Seeing-Eyed Dog" and "A Man Of The World", both in the December 20, 1957 issue of the Atlantic Monthly.
The seven unpublished stories included in The Complete Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway: The Finca Vigía Edition are "A Train Trip", "The Porter", "Black Ass at the Cross Roads", "Landscape with Figures", "I Guess Everything Reminds You of Something", "Great News from the Mainland", "The Strange Country". In addition, this volume includes "An African Story", derived from the unfinished and edited posthumous novel The Garden of Eden, two parts of the 1937 novel To Have And Have Not, "One Trip Across" and "The Tradesman's Return", in their original magazine versions; the collection is not, despite the title, complete. After Hemingway's suicide, Scribner put out a collection called The Nick Adams Stories which contains many old stories collected in The First Forty-Nine as well as some unpublished pieces. From the new material, only "The Last Good Country" and "Summer People" are included in this volume. For the Hemingway short fiction completist, some readers may turn to the Everyman's Library The Collected Stories, published in the UK only, introduced by James Fenton.
Eschewing the pieces collected in The Garden of Eden and To Have and Have Not, Fenton's collection includes all the pieces from The Nick Adams Stories as well as a number of pieces of juvenilia and pre-Paris stories. Stories from The Fifth Column and the First Forty-Nine Stories The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber The Capital of the World The Snows of Kilimanjaro Old Man at the Bridge From Three Stories and Ten Poems Up in Michigan In Our Time On the Quai at Smyrna Indian Camp The Doctor and the Doctor's Wife The End of Something The Three-Day Blow The Battler A Very Short Story Soldier's Home The Revolutionist Mr, and Mrs. Elliot Cat in the Rain Out of Season Cross-Country Snow My Old Man Big Two-Hearted River, Part I Big Two-Hearted River, Part II Men Without Women The Undefeated In Another Country Hills Like White Elephants The Killers Che Ti Dice La Patria? Fifty Grand A Simple Enquiry Ten Indians A Canary for One An Alpine Idyll A Pursuit Race Today is Friday Banal Story Now I Lay Me Winner Take Nothing After the Storm A Clean, Well-Lighted Place The Light of the World God Rest You Merry, Gentlemen The Sea Change A Way You'll Never Be The Mother of a Queen One Reader Writes Homage to Switzerland A Day's Wait A Natural History of the Dead Wine of Wyoming The Gambler, the Nun, the Radio Fathers and Sons From To Have and Have Not One Trip Across The Tradesman's Return Uncollected stories published in Hemingway's lifetime The Denunciation The Butterfly and the Tank Night Before Battle Under the Ridge Nobody Ever Dies The Good Lion The Faithful Bull Get a Seeing-Eyed Dog A Man of the World First published in The Nick Adams Stories Summer People The Last Good Country From The Garden of Eden An African Story A Train Trip The Porter Black Ass at the Crossroads Landscape with Figures I Guess Everything Reminds You of Something Great News from the Mainland The Strange Country
Across the River and into the Trees
Across the River and Into the Trees is a novel by American writer Ernest Hemingway, published by Charles Scribner's Sons in 1950, after first being serialized in Cosmopolitan magazine earlier that year. The title derives from the last words of U. S. Civil War Confederate General Thomas J. Jackson: “Let us cross over the river and rest under the shade of the trees.”Hemingway's novel opens with Colonel Richard Cantwell, 50 and with a heart problem, duck hunting in Trieste, Italy. It presents his life in a lengthy flashback, with Cantwell thinking about a young Venetian woman and his experiences during World War I. During a trip to Italy not long before writing the novel, Hemingway had met young Adriana Ivancich, with whom he became infatuated, he used her as the model for the female character in the novel; the novel's central theme is death, more how death is faced. One biographer and critic sees a parallel between Hemingway's Across the River and Into the Trees and Thomas Mann's Death in Venice.
The novel is built upon successive layers of symbolism, as in his other writing, Hemingway employs here his distinctive, spare style, where the substance lies below the surface of the plot. Hemingway described Across the River and into the Trees and one reader's reaction to it, using'Indian talk': "Book too much for him. Book start slow increase in pace till it becomes impossible to stand. I bring emotion up to where you can’t stand it we level off, so we won’t have to provide oxygen tents for the readers. Book is like engine. We have to slack her off gradually."Written in Italy and France in the late 1940s, it was the first of his novels to receive negative press and reviews. It was nonetheless a bestseller in America, spending 7 weeks at the top of the New York Times bestseller's list in 1950, was, in fact, Hemingway's only novel to top the list. Since its initial unenthusiastic critical reception, more recent critics and scholars see it as an important addition to the Hemingway canon. Across the River and Into the Trees begins in the first chapter with the frame story of 50-year-old Colonel Cantwell's duck hunting trip to Trieste set in the time-present.
Cantwell, dying of heart disease, spends a Sunday afternoon in a duck blind in Trieste. In the second chapter, Hemingway takes Cantwell back in time by means of a stream of consciousness interior monologue, that presents an extended flashback which continues for 38 chapters. In the final six chapters, Cantwell is again presented in the frame story set in the time-present. In the flashback he had thought of his recent weekend in Venice with 18-year-old Renata, moving backward in time to ruminate about his experiences during the war; the novel ends with Cantwell suffering a fatal series of heart attacks. Ernest Hemingway first met A. E. Hotchner, who became a close friend, in 1948 when Hotchner released from the Air Force, had taken a job with Cosmopolitan Magazine as a "commissioned agent." Hemingway's name was on the list of authors Hotchner was to contact, so he went to Cuba, asked for a meeting, for a short article. Hemingway did not write an article, but he did submit his next novel Across the River and into the Trees to Hotchner, which Cosmopolitan serialized in five installments.
The protagonist is considered to have been based loosely on a friend of Hemingway, Charles T. Lanham, with components of the character being autobiographically based on the author himself. Hemingway worked on the book from 1949 to 1950 in four different places: he started writing during the winter of 1949 in Italy at Cortina D'Ampezzo. In the fall of 1948 he visited Fossalta where in 1918 he had been wounded. A month while duck hunting with an Italian aristocrat he met 18-year-old Adriana Ivancich, he and his wife Mary went to Cortina to ski: she broke her ankle and, Hemingway began the draft of the book. Hemingway himself became ill with an eye infection and was hospitalized. In the spring he went to Venice. In May he returned to Cuba and carried out a protracted correspondence with her while working on the manuscript. In the autumn he had returned to Europe and he finished the draft at the Ritz in Paris. Once done, he and Mary went again to Cortina to ski: for the second time she broke her ankle and he contracted an eye infection.
By February the first serialization was published in Cosmopolitan. The Hemingways returned to Paris in March and home to Cuba where the final proofs were read before the September publication. Cosmopolitan Magazine serialized Across the River and Into the Trees from February to June 1950. Adriana Ivancich designed the dust jacket of the first edition, although her original artwork was redrawn by the Scribner's promotions department; the novel was published by Scribner's on 7 September 1950 with a first edition print run of 75,000, after a publicity campaign that hailed the novel as Hemingway's first book since the publication of his 1940 Spanish Civil War novel For Whom the Bell Tolls. Hemingway started as a journalist and writer of short stories, Baker suggests that he thus learned how to "get the most from the least, how to prune language, how to multiply intensities, how to tell nothing but the truth in a way that allowed for telling more than the truth"; the style is known as the Iceberg Theory because in Hemingway's writing the hard facts float above water.
The concept of the iceberg theory is sometimes referred to as
To Have and Have Not
To Have and Have Not is a novel by Ernest Hemingway about Harry Morgan, a fishing boat captain out of Key West, Florida. The novel depicts Harry as an good man, forced by dire economic forces beyond his control into the black-market activity of running contraband between Cuba and Florida. A wealthy fishing charter customer tricks Harry by slipping away without paying after a three-week fishing trip, leaving Harry destitute. Harry makes a fateful decision to smuggle Chinese immigrants into Florida from Cuba to make ends meet in supporting his family. Harry begins to ferry different types of illegal cargo between the two countries, including alcohol and Cuban revolutionaries; the Great Depression features prominently in the novel, forcing depravity and hunger on the poor residents of Key West who are referred to locally as "Conchs". To Have and Have Not was Hemingway's second novel set in the United States, after The Torrents of Spring. Written sporadically between 1935 and 1937, revised as he traveled back and forth from Spain during the Spanish Civil War, To Have and Have Not portrays Key West and Cuba in the 1930s, provides a social commentary on that time and place.
Hemingway biographer Jeffrey Meyers describes the novel as influenced by the Marxist ideology Hemingway was exposed to by his support of the Republican faction in the Spanish Civil War while he was writing it. The work got a mixed critical reception; the novel had its origins in two short stories published earlier in periodicals by Hemingway which make up the opening chapters, a novella, written which makes up about two-thirds of the book. The narrative is told from multiple viewpoints, at different times, by different characters, the characters' names are supplied under the chapter headings to indicate, narrating that chapter. To Have and Have Not began as a short story—published as "One Trip Across" in Cosmopolitan in 1934—introducing the character Harry Morgan. A second story was written and published in Esquire in 1936, at which point, Hemingway decided to write a novel about Harry Morgan; the writing of the novel coincided with the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War. To Have and Have Not was published by Scribner's on 15 October 1937 to a first edition print-run of 10,000 copies.
Cosmopolitan Magazine published a section of the novel as "One Trip Across" in 1934. The novel was adapted into a 1944 film, starring Lauren Bacall; the film, directed by Howard Hawks, changed the story's setting from Key West to Martinique under the Vichy regime, made significant alterations to the plot, including getting rid of Hemingway's Marxist overtones, turning the story into a romantic thriller centering on the sparks going on between Harry Morgan and Marie Browning. It was one of the influences for Bold Venture, a 1951–1952 syndicated radio series starring Bogart and Bacall; the second film version, titled The Breaking Point, was directed by Michael Curtiz and stars John Garfield and Patricia Neal with Juano Hernandez as Morgan's partner. The movie shifted the action to southern California and made Garfield a former PT Boat captain but is otherwise the most faithful to the original book; the third film version, titled The Gun Runners, was directed by Don Siegel and stars Audie Murphy in the Bogart/Garfield role and Everett Sloane in Walter Brennan's part as the alcoholic sidekick, although Sloane's interpretation was less overtly comedic than Brennan's.
The movie features a bravura performance by Eddie Albert as a charismatic villain. Pauline Kael and Bosley Crowther have claimed that the ending was used for John Huston's film Key Largo; the 1977 film The Deep reused characters and plot elements, setting the tale in Bermuda with the villain a Haitian drug lord. The alcoholic sidekick to the boat skipper was played by Eli Wallach. In 1987 the Iranian director Nasser Taghvai adapted the novel into a nationalized version called Captain Khorshid which took the events from Cuba to the shores of the Persian Gulf. Hemingway Archives, John F. Kennedy Library
Death in the Afternoon
Death in the Afternoon is a non-fiction book written by Ernest Hemingway about the ceremony and traditions of Spanish bullfighting, published in 1932. The book provides a look at the history and what Hemingway considers the magnificence of bullfighting, it contains a deeper contemplation on the nature of fear and courage. While a guide book, there are three main sections: Hemingway's work, a glossary of terms. Any discussion concerning bullfighting would be incomplete without some mention of the controversy surrounding it. Toward that end Hemingway commented, "anything capable of arousing passion in its favor will raise as much passion against it." The chances are. Hemingway became a bullfighting aficionado after seeing the Pamplona fiesta in the 1920s, which he wrote about in The Sun Also Rises. In Death in the Afternoon, Hemingway explores the metaphysics of bullfighting—the ritualized religious practice—that he considered analogous to the writer's search for meaning and the essence of life.
In bullfighting, he found the elemental nature of death. Marianne Wiggins has written of Death in the Afternoon: "Read it for the writing, for the way it's told... He'll make you like it... You read enough and long enough, he'll make you love it, he's relentless". In his writings on Spain, Hemingway was influenced by the Spanish master Pío Baroja; when Hemingway won the Nobel Prize, he traveled to see Baroja on his death bed to tell him he thought Baroja deserved the prize more than he. Baroja agreed, something of the usual Hemingway tiff with another writer ensued, despite Hemingway's original good intentions. Death in the Afternoon was published by Scribner's on 23 September 1932 to a first edition print run of 10,000 copies. "Death in the Afternoon – A Literary Cocktail" Retrieved July 4, 2010. Death in the Afternoon at Faded Page Hemingway Archives, John F. Kennedy Library