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2017 Chulalongkorn University incident

On 3 August 2017, Netiwit Chotiphatphaisal and seven Chulalongkorn University students and council members walked out of an initiation ceremony for first year students to pay respect to former kings Chulalongkorn and Vajiravudh in the courtyard of the university. A furious professor put one vice student council president, Supaluk Bumroongkij, in a chokehold; the incident was distributed causing a national controversy. After an investigation, Chulalongkorn University deducted behavioral points from all eight students involved and banned them from participating in university events; the decision was controversial and criticized by the university's alumni with a global petition created by the Thai Academic Network for Civil Rights. Since 1990, Chulalongkorn University hosted an annual event in which new students pledge their allegiance to King Chulalongkorn, who founded the university, by prostrating; the act of prostration was abolished by Chulalongkorn himself. Chulalongkorn University set the pledging event to occur on 3 August 2017.

However, before the ceremony could end and seven people from his group abruptly left the ceremony after bowing in respect. A professor from the Faculty of Science, Ruangwit Bunjongrat, put the last member of the group to leave in a chokehold while shouting “Where is the animal, Nene?”. Afterwards, images of the professor assaulting the student and of the eight students walking out of the ceremony became widespread causing much criticism of about the appropriateness of both actions; the offending professor said he did what he did out of goodwill for his students and that he was so distressed by the incident that he had to be admitted a hospital. The protesting group of students argued that they were acting upon the decree of King Chulalongkorn and that they have spoken to the university about providing a space for people with dissenting opinions. Chulalongkorn University saw the protest as too political, they said they had arranged a separate space for those with dissenting opinions and saw that the students' actions were inappropriate.

The university set up an investigating committee and summoned Netiwit, along with other offending students, to be interviewed on the 25th and 30th of August. Pomthong Malakul Na Ayudhaya, vice president of Chulalongkorn University, ordered the deduction of 25 points from the students behavioral scores which bars them from applying for jobs and participating in certain activities within the university for the duration of their studies. Netiwit argued that the University did not give them justice, the investigation period was far too short, that the professor who assaulted one of the students was not under investigation; some days after this decision, the university gave an official statement claiming that the incident is an "internal issue" and has nothing to do with politics. Professor Ruangwit Bunjongrat and Chulalongkorn University have both said they were regretful that the incident occurred, but said that they were not to blame explaining that they based their decision on traditional Thai culture.

However the university secretly fixed the statement by removing any criticism of professor Ruangrit Bunjongrat and the removal of the section concerning conservative explanations of Thai culture. Chulalongkorn UniversityAfter the decision to deduct behavioral scores from the students, statements were made by alumni organizations of the Faculty of Education, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University Alumni Association Under Royal Patronage in support of the university. Netiwit complained that one of these alumni members was on the panel which made the decision to deduct his behavioral scores, he alleged that the president of The University Council, Suchada Keeranan is a supporter of People's Democratic Reform Committee. The student activistsBefore the decision, Netiwit received a letter from academic Noam Chomsky; the eight students received support from academics from 128 universities around the world, who signed the petition created and circulated by TANCR supporting the freedom of expression at Chulalongkorn University.

On 2 October 2017, The International Student Association of Chulalongkorn University gave an official statement on the matter and put down names on a petition in support of the eight student activists. They asked for justice and the investigation of Ruangwit Bunjongrat while condemning The University for the incident. On 10 October 2017, after an appeal to the decision was requested, 150 academics and scientists from 19 countries gave an official statement in support of the eight students. Supporters include; the rules state. Tongthong Chandransu, alleged to be a royalist and conservative, is the Chairman of the Board; the decision has been deferred since September of 2017 though official rules state the committee has just thirty days to make a decision. On 15 January 2017, seven Nobel Prize laureates including Dudley Herschbach, Richard Roberts, John Mather, Roy Glauber, Jerome Friedman, Sheldon Lee Glashow, Brian Josephson, along with other n

Badger Building

The Badger Building, or M. Tidyman Building, is a historic office building in downtown Racine, Wisconsin, it is an example of Prairie style architecture, was designed by prominent Racine architect Edmund Bailey Funston. The site was added to the National Register of Historic Places on December 3, 1980; the four-story brick and concrete structure was built in 1915, to house the Tidyman Candy Company, owned by confectioner Melvin Tidyman. At the time, the Racine Journal-News reported that its construction cost $55,000. During World War I, the building was used by the American Red Cross, it was purchased by attorney Joseph Muratore in 1964, as of 2015 was owned by his son Joseph Jr. The building continues to be used as office space, most prominently for graphic design firm Image Management. National Register of Historic Places listings in Racine County, Wisconsin

Interstate 182 Bridge

The Interstate 182 Bridge, formally known as the Lee-Volpentest Bridges is the collective name for a pair of bridges carrying Interstate 182 over the Columbia River between Pasco and Richland in the U. S. state of Washington. They are named after Glenn C. Lee, publisher of the Tri-City Herald, Sam Volpentest, a prominent local businessman, it is one of three bridges connecting Pasco to the other members of the Tri-Cities of Washington, along with the Cable Bridge and the Blue Bridge. In 1894 the Timmerman ferry started operation at this site and continued operation until 1931; this crossing remained unused for over fifty years until the first of the I-182 bridges was opened on November 27, 1984. During construction of the bridge, a crane killed a worker; the bridge was unofficially dedicated as the John K. Seward Memorial Bridge by other construction workers in his honor. Blue Bridge carries US 395 over the Columbia River. Cable Bridge carries SR 397 over the Columbia River. Duportail Bridge under construction over the Yakima River.

Glen C. Lee Bridge at Structurae Sam Volpentest Bridge at Structurae

Julio Aparicio

Julio Aparicio is a former Peruvian international striker best known for winning multiple Peruvian national titles and the 1975 Copa America competition. He won the Peruvian Premier Division with his club Club Universitario de Deportes in 1974, he participated in the 1975 Copa Libertadores competition where Universitario reached the semi-final group stage. In the same year Aparicio transferred from Universitario to Sporting Cristal, where he would participate in their 1978 Copa Libertadores campaign, they were eliminated in the group stage, Aparicio scored the only goal in a 1-4 defeat away game with the club Alianza Lima. He won the Peruvian national championship in 1980 whilst a player with Sporting Cristal. UniversitarioPeruvian Primera División: 1974Sporting CristalPeruvian Primera División: 1979, 1980 He made his debut for Peru on 22 June 1975 and his final game came on 17 July 1977. In total, Apararicio played six games for country. During this time he was involved in the 1975 Copa America tournament which Peru won for the second time in its history.

In 1977, he took part in the qualifying campaign for the 1978 FIFA World Cup playing in a 5-0 victory over Bolivia 5-0. Wołek, Tomasz. Copa America: historia Mistrzostw Ameryki Południowej, 1910-1995 = Story of the South American Championships Copa America. Katowice: Wydaw GiA. pp. 150–152. ISBN 83-902751-2-0. Julio Aparicio at

Hedgehog space

In mathematics, a hedgehog space is a topological space, consisting of a set of spines joined at a point. For any cardinal number K, the K -hedgehog space is formed by taking the disjoint union of K real unit intervals identified at the origin; each unit interval is referred to as one of the hedgehog's spines. A K -hedgehog space is sometimes called a hedgehog space of spininess K; the hedgehog space is a metric space, when endowed with the hedgehog metric d = | x − y | if x and y lie in the same spine, by d = x + y if x and y lie in different spines. Although their disjoint union makes the origins of the intervals distinct, the metric identifies them by assigning them 0 distance. Hedgehog spaces are examples of real trees; the metric on the plane in which the distance between any two points is their Euclidean distance when the two points belong to a ray though the origin, is otherwise the sum of the distances of the two points from the origin, is sometimes called the Paris metric because navigation in this metric resembles that in the radial street plan of Paris: for all pairs of points, the shortest path passes through the center.

The Paris metric, restricted to the unit disk, is a hedgehog space where K is the cardinality of the continuum. Kowalsky's theorem, named after Hans-Joachim Kowalsky, states that any metrizable space of weight K can be represented as a topological subspace of the product of countably many K -hedgehog spaces. Comb space Long line Rose Arkhangelskii, A. V.. General Topology I, Berlin: Springer-Verlag, ISBN 3-540-18178-4. Carlisle, Sylvia, "Model Theory of Real Trees", Graduate Student Conference in Logic, Univ. of Illinois, Chicago. Kowalsky, H. J. Topologische Räume, Basel-Stuttgart: Birkhäuser. Steen, L. A.. Swardson, M. A. "A short proof of Kowalsky's hedgehog theorem", Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. 75: 188, doi:10.1090/s0002-9939-1979-0529240-7