Computer display standards are a combination of aspect ratio, display size, display resolution, color depth, refresh rate. They are associated with video connectors and monitors. Various computer display standards or display modes have been used in the history of the personal computer, they are a combination of aspect ratio, display resolution, color depth, refresh rate. Associated with the screen resolution and refresh rate is a display adapter. Earlier display adapters were simple frame-buffers, but display standards specified a more extensive set of display functions and software controlled interface. Beyond display modes, the VESA industry organization has defined several standards related to power management and device identification, while ergonomics standards are set by the TCO. A number of common resolutions have been used with computers descended from the original IBM PC; some of these are now supported by other families of personal computers. These are de facto standards originated by one manufacturer and reverse-engineered by others, though the VESA group has co-ordinated the efforts of several leading video display adapter manufacturers.
Video standards associated with IBM-PC-descended personal computers are shown in the diagram and table below, alongside those of early Macintosh and other makes for comparison.. Although the common standard prefixes super and ultra do not indicate specific modifiers to base standard resolutions, several others do: Quarter A quarter of the base resolution. E.g. QVGA, a term for a 320×240 resolution, half the width and height of VGA, hence the quarter total resolution; the "Q" prefix indicates "Quad" in higher resolutions, sometimes "q" is used instead of "Q" to specify quarter, but this usage is not consistent. Wide The base resolution increased by increasing the width and keeping the height constant, for square or near-square pixels on a widescreen display with an aspect ratio of either 16:9 or 16:10. However, it is sometimes used to denote a resolution that would have the same total pixel count as this, but in a different aspect and sharing neither the horizontal OR vertical resolution—typically for a 16:10 resolution, narrower but taller than the 16:9 option, therefore larger in both dimensions than the base standard.
Quad Four times as many pixels compared to the base resolution, i.e. twice the horizontal and vertical resolution respectively. Hex Sixteen times as many pixels compared to the base resolution, i.e. four times the horizontal and vertical resolutions respectively. Super, eXtended, Plus and/or Ultra Vaguer terms denoting successive incremental steps up the resolution ladder from some comparative, more established base somewhat less severe a jump than quartering or Quadrupling—typically less than doubling, sometimes not as much of a change as making a "wide" version. Given the use of "X" in "XGA", it is not used as an additional modifier unless its meaning would be unambiguous; these prefixes are often combined, as in WQXGA or WHUXGA, with levels of stacking not hindered by the same consideration towards readability as the decline of the added "X" - as there is not a defined hierarchy or value for S/X/U/+ modifiers. Display resolution. Graphic display resolution List of common resolutions List of video connectors This article is based on material taken from the Free On-line Dictionary of Computing prior to 1 November 2008 and incorporated under the "relicensing" terms of the GFDL, version 1.3 or later.
Calculate and compare display sizes and source material Display the resolution and color bit depth of your current monitor Calculate screen dimensions according to format and diagonal Standard resolutions used for computer graphics equipment, TV and video applications and mobile devices. Large image of graphic card history tree
The Poem of the Man-God is a multi-volume book of about five thousand pages on the life of Jesus Christ written by Maria Valtorta. The current editions of the book bear the title The Gospel as Revealed to Me; the book was first published in Italian in 1956 and has since been translated into 10 languages and is available worldwide. It is based on the over 15,000 handwritten pages produced by Maria Valtorta between 1943 and 1947. During these years she reported visions of Jesus and Mary and claimed personal conversations with and dictations from Jesus, her notebooks include close to 700 detailed episodes in the life of Jesus, as an extension of the gospels. Valtorta's handwritten episodes were typed into separate pages by her priest and reassembled as a book; the first copy of the book was presented to Pope Pius XII, the three Servite priests who attended the 1948 papal audience stated that he gave his verbal approval to "publish this work as is. However, the Holy Office forbade publication and, when in spite of that prohibition publication followed, placed the book on the Index of Forbidden Books.
In 1992, at the request of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, Cardinal Dionigi Tettamanzi asked the publisher to ensure that "in any future reprint of the volumes, each should, right from its first page state that the'visions' and'dictations' referred to in it cannot be held to be of supernatural origin but must be considered as literary forms used by the author to narrate in her own way the life of Jesus". The publisher maintained that this was an implicit declaration that the work was free of doctrinal or moral error. Maria Valtorta was bedridden in Viareggio, for most of her life due to complications from being struck in the back at random while walking on a street. Valtorta was a member of the Third Order Servites of Mary, affiliated to the order to which her spiritual director, Fr. Romuald Migliorini, O. S. M. Belonged. On the morning of Good Friday 1943 she reported having a vision in which Jesus appeared and spoke to her. While Valtorta did not begin writing The Poem of the Man-God until 1944, pre-Poem writings included various topics such as Mariology and suffering.
She reported having many more visions and conversations with Jesus and the Virgin Mary and said that Jesus had asked her to record her visions in writing. She continued to write her visions in her notebooks until 1947; the Poem of the Man-God is not a sequential transcription of Valtorta's notebooks, because her reported visions were not in the same order as the flow of time in the narrative she wrote. For instance, she reported having a vision of The Last Supper on March 9, 1945 while another on the Beatitudes during the Sermon on the Mount was written more than two months on May 24, 1945; the book as transcribed by her priest however, follows the life of Jesus in chronological form, with footnotes referring to the dates on which she wrote each episode. Valtorta described a scene, giving details of the background, trees and weather conditions on the day in first century Judea that she claims an event took place. For instance, her prelude to the Sermon on the Mount written on May 22, 1945 depicts the road on which Jesus is walking, states that it was a clear day on which Mount Hermon could be seen by Jesus but Lake Merom could not be seen.
In some episodes she writes about the colors of the clothing she believed had been worn by Jesus or the Apostles. Valtorta's accounts include detailed conversations. In the Sermon on the Mount episode written on May 22, 1945 Jesus is met on the road by Saint Philip the Apostle and they converse; the scene describes how the other Apostles come down the mountain to greet Jesus and how the Sermon on the Mount begins. While the Gospel of Matthew refers to the Beatitudes in a few paragraphs, the text for the single Beatitude "poor in the spirit" spoken by Jesus in her vision is one and a half pages long in Valtorta's account; the full text of the Sermon on the Mount that she wrote in her notebook and attributed to Jesus takes three episodes from May 24 to 27, 1945, is over 30 pages long. The fact that her text of the Beatitudes still has the same eight or ninefold structure as the Beatitudes in the Gospel, but is far more detailed, is characteristic of her writings and her imagination, her supposed visions describe parables and episodes in the life of Jesus not present in any of the synoptic Gospels.
On February 16, 1944, she wrote her account of the Trial of Jesus by Caiphas. In the synoptic Gospels, Luke places the trial after daybreak, while Matthew and Mark refer to it as taking place at night. Valtorta's version has one at night and the other after daybreak; the second trial is prompted by Gamaliel's insistence that the time and place of the night trial is against Jewish judicial procedures, his demand for a new trial after daybreak. Another example is the episode she wrote on February 28, 1946, it reports that in preparation for his Passion, Jesus visited the town of Kerioth to say farewell and performed a miracle, curing a woman described as "Anne of Kerioth" on her deathbed. In this episode Jesus instructs the Anne to forever tend to and comfort Mary of Simon - who Valtorta argued was the mother of Judas Iscariot and who would be heartbroken upon the betrayal by her son and the deaths of Jesus and Judas in the near future; the narrative of The Poem of the Man-God includes a number of observations of the positions of the heavenly bodies.
For instance, in episode written on December 11, 1945 Valtorta wrote of a night Jesus spent at Gadara: "the sky is glistening with countless stars... wit
The Universidad Popular Autónoma del Estado de Puebla is a private, non-profit university located in Puebla, Mexico. Founded on the 7th of May 1973, it is a reputed university with important national and international presence which has over 43 undergraduate programs, 34 masters programs, 12 P.hD programs and 11 specializations. The university was founded on the 7th of May 1973 by catholic students protesting against the perceived left-wing drift of the BUAP; the university is formed by an urban campus composed by several buildings spread throughout the Barrio de Santiago in the city of Puebla, as well as other premises located in the metropolitan area and the Atlixco municipality. There are 103 labs and classrooms in the main campus, with 11 of them purposed for research; as part of the UPAEP system, there is another campus in the city of Tehuacán and 9 high schools throughout the whole state of Puebla and Tlaxcala. UPAEP university is acknowledged by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology as a member of the EdNet educational network of the Lean Advancement Initiative consortium.
UPAEP was one of the founding universities of the Mexican Federation of Private High Studies Institutions and is a member of the ANUIES. The UPAEP covers all of the Education levels in México, as the system includes Elementary School, Junior High school and High School. UPAEP has 9 high schools, scattered around the Tlaxcala State. 4 of them are located within the Metropolitan Zone of Puebla, of which 2, the Santiago and Angelópolis were recognized in December 2010 by the International Baccalaureate to impart the Diploma Programme to its students. The UPAEP offers 43 different bachelor programs n the Economics and Administrative Sciences, Health Sciences, Humanities and Information Technologies areas; the University has a reputation for achieving external accreditation of its programs. 9 of 10 students enrolled in the UPAEP study in an accredited program, being the second highest ratio for a private university in Mexico. Some studies can be done either in the Open University system. UPAEP academic offer includes continual education, specialities and doctoral degrees.
The university has established the following research centers: High Technology Services Center Native Plants Research Center Technologic Innovation in Protected Agriculture Center Economic Intelligence Research Center Science and Religion Studies Center The UPAEP has been successful in College Sports competitions in Mexico. The representative teams are named the Águilas UPAEP, they are ranked 5° by the CONADEIP, an organization formed by the most important Private Institutions of Higher learning in Mexico. One of its most important team is the Basketball team, which have been national champions several times; the team has a historic rivalry with the Aztecas de la UDLAP basketball team. They play in the "El Nido" Gymnasium. UPAEP has representative teams in 7 Sports: Basketball Soccer Indoor Soccer Tennis Swimming Track & Field Tae Kwon Do Universidad Popular Autónoma del Estado de Puebla Uribe, Mónica. "La ultraderecha en México: el conservadurismo moderno". El Cotidiano. Ciudad de México: Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana.
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