Atrium on Bay
Atrium is a large 1,000,000 square feet retail and office complex in Toronto, Canada. Atrium is located adjacent to the popular Yonge-Dundas Square, was built upon the former site of the former Ford Hotel Toronto, on the north side of Dundas Street West, extending from Yonge Street to Bay Street; the mixed-use building was constructed in 1981 with parking on the second and third underground levels and retail space street and concourse levels topped by an eight-storey office block that rises to 14 floors on the east end of the site and 13 on the west. As part of downtown Toronto's PATH network, Atrium's Concourse Level is directly connected underground to the Dundas subway station, the Toronto Eaton Centre south, across on Dundas Street, the Toronto Coach Terminal located west, across Bay Street. In 2011, H&R Real Estate Investment Trust purchased the property from Hines Interests Limited Partnership who acquired it in 2007 from a joint venture of Brookfield Properties and The Ellman Companies.
In January 2014, H&R received a zoning variance from the Toronto City Council which would allow it to add five floors to each of the office towers, expand the ground level to enclose areas now filled by a covered arcade and seating areas and create additional retail space and to redesign a media tower at the southwest corner of the structure. The Atrium has the first Canadian locations of Long Tall Sally, Boat House and Rexall; the building features a food court on the Concourse Level. Major office tenants include the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce, various arms of the Government of Ontario, including the Land Registry Office, the Lottery Prize Claiming Centre for the Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation, located on ground level. Atrium was filmed and used as a set for scenes in a shopping mall in the Canadian drama Flashpoint on the CTV Television Network; the interior was used in the 1983 PBS TV movie Overdrawn at the Memory Bank. Atrium Toronto Official Site Atrium Toronto at Urbandb
Toronto Eaton Centre
The Toronto Eaton Centre is a shopping mall and office complex in Downtown Toronto, Canada. It is managed by Cadillac Fairview, it was named after the Eaton's department store chain that once anchored it before the chain became defunct in the late 1990s. The Toronto Eaton Centre attracts the most visitors of any of Toronto's tourist attractions, it is North America's busiest shopping mall, due to extensive transit access, its downtown location and tourist traffic. With 48,969,858 visitors in 2015 alone, the centre sees more annual visitors than either of the two busiest malls in the United States, or Central Park in New York City; the number of visitors to the Toronto Eaton Centre in 2015 exceeds the total 2015 passenger counts at Toronto Pearson International Airport, Canada's largest and busiest airport. The main portion of the Toronto Eaton Centre complex is bounded by Yonge Street on the east, Queen Street West on the south, Dundas Street West on the north, to the west by James Street and Trinity Square.
The flagship location of the Hudson's Bay department store chain, part of the complex since Cadillac Fairview's purchase of the building in 2014, is connected to the rest of the complex by a skywalk over Queen Street West, itself is bounded by Yonge Street to the east, Queen Street West to the north, Richmond Street West to the south, Bay Street to the west. The main retail mall in the centre is organized around a long arcade, running parallel to Yonge Street; the Toronto Eaton Centre's interior passages form part of Toronto's PATH underground pedestrian network, the centre is served by two subway stations: Dundas and Queen on Line 1 Yonge–University. The complex contains four office buildings and the Ryerson University Ted Rogers School of Management. Additionally, the Eaton Centre is linked to a 17-storey Marriott hotel; the Sears Canada headquarters were inside an eight-storey Sears location within the Toronto Eaton Centre. The headquarters moved there from 222 Jarvis Street; the lower four floors of the Eaton Centre location housed a retail store while the upper four floors housed the headquarters.
Timothy Eaton founded a dry goods store on Yonge Street in the 19th century that revolutionized retailing in Canada, became the largest department store chain in the country. By the 20th century, the Eaton's chain owned most of the land bounded by Yonge, Queen and Dundas streets, with the notable exceptions of Old City Hall and the Church of the Holy Trinity; the Eaton's land, once the site of Timothy Eaton's first store, was occupied by Eaton's large Main Store, the Eaton's Annex and a number of related mail order and factory buildings. As the chain's warehouse and support operations were shifting to cheaper suburban locales in the 1960s, Eaton's wanted to make better use of its valuable downtown landholdings. In particular, the chain wanted to build a massive new flagship store to replace the aging Main Store at Yonge and Queen and the Eaton's College Street store a few blocks to the north. In the mid-1960s, Eaton's announced plans for a massive office and shopping complex that would occupy several city blocks.
Eaton's sought to demolish the Church of the Holy Trinity. The plan required the closing of a number of small city streets within the block: Albert Street, Louisa Street, Terauley Street, James Street, Albert Lane, Downey's Lane and Trinity Square. At one point the Old City Hall clock tower was to be demolished. After a fierce local debate over the fate of the city hall and church buildings, Eaton's put its plans on hiatus in 1967; the Eaton Centre plans were resuscitated in 1971, although these plans allowed for the preservation of Old City Hall. Controversy erupted anew, however, as the congregation of the Church of the Holy Trinity exhibited an increased willingness to fight the demolition plans for its church; the Eaton Centre plans were revised to save Old City Hall and the church, revised further when Holy Trinity's parishioners fought to ensure that the new complex would not block all sunlight to the church. These amendments to the plans resulted in three significant changes to the proposed centre from the 1960s concept.
First, the new Eaton's store was shifted north to Dundas Street, as the new store would be too large to be accommodated in its existing location on Queen Street as a result of the preservation of Old City Hall. This resulted in the mall being constructed with Eaton's and Simpson's acting as anchors at either end; the second significant change was the reduction in the size of the office component, so that the Eaton Centre project no longer represented an attempt to extend the City's financial district north of Queen Street, as the Eaton family had contemplated in the 1960s. The bulk of the centre was shifted east to the Yonge Street frontage, the complex was designed so that it no longer had any frontage along Bay Street. Old City Hall and the church were thus saved, as was the Salvation Army headquarters building by virtue of its location between the two other preserved buildings. At the time of the centre's opening in 1977, the complex was markete
The Seagram Museum was a museum in Waterloo, Canada, preserving the heritage of the once venerable Canadian distillery Seagram. Located at 57 Erb Street West, it operated from May 1984 to March 1997. Designed by architect Barton Myers, it was built at a cost of $4.75 million and its entrance was a renovated late-19th century rack warehouse from the Seagram plant. It had a variety of exhibits illustrating everyday life in the liquor distillery in the late 19th and early 20th century; the company closed its Waterloo plant in 1992, the museum continued to operate for another five years. It narrowly escaped a fire in 1993; the City of Waterloo purchased the Seagram property for $4 million in the fall of 1997. The museum donated its archives to the University of Waterloo. Two former barrelhouses on the site were converted into condominia while the museum became an office building, leased to software company Waterloo Maple; the company moved into the renovated building in June 1998. In July 2002, the city sold the building to the Centre for International Governance Innovation for $2.5 million.
In September 2003, Waterloo Maple left CIGI moved in. In 2010 it housed Project Ploughshares. E-commerce company Shopify moved into the building in 2016; some of the museum's collection was transferred to the City of Waterloo and will be housed at the City of Waterloo Museum. The Museum was affiliated with: CMA, CHIN, Virtual Museum of Canada. Centre for International Governance Innovation Canada's Technology Triangle Project Ploughshares Seagram Museum collection at Hagley Museum and Library
Empress Walk is a large condominium and retail complex at the intersection of Yonge Street and Empress Avenue in the North York Centre area of Toronto, Canada. Developed by Menkes Development, Phase 1 was completed in 1997 and Phase 2 by 2000; the podium of the complex is a three-storey retail mall covering 240,000 square feet topped with a 95 feet dome, the highlight being the longest unsupported escalator in North America to give access to the movie theatre from the ground floor. There is a 3035-seat Cineplex Cinemas movie multiplex featuring an IMAX Theatre; the lowest level has underground access to the North York Centre subway station. Above are two 34-storey residential towers, known as the Royal Pinnacle, with a total of 745 units between them. Major retail anchors include Loblaws Empress Market, LCBO, Cineplex Cinemas, Pet Smart, Best Buy. Behind the Empress Walk complex on its east side is Princess Park, commemorating the original sites of the first municipal building and fire hall of North York.
It features the façade of the former Township of North York Municipal Offices from the 1940s, while the bell/clock tower from the fire hall has been reconstructed and serves as the centrepiece for the park. Across the street, connected via the TTC tunnel, are Mel Lastman Square, the North York Civic Centre, the North York City Centre office tower and Novotel. Next door, connected via a passageway is the 5075 Yonge Street tower, with Scotiabank and Upper Madison College, it was built as part of Mel Lastman's bid to create a downtown in North York to rival the old city of Toronto. It remains a hub of activity with condominium projects being built south of it today. In 2000, the property was acquired by a Canadian real estate investment trust. Cineplex Cinemas LCBO Loblaws Empress Market Best Buy Canada Wendy's Dollarama PetSmart Morals Village Restaurant OPENING SOON F45 Training OPENING SOON The Milestones restaurant has permanently closed their location at Empress Walk; the space remains vacant
Bayview Village Shopping Centre
Bayview Village Shopping Centre is a shopping mall in the North York area of Toronto, Canada, containing over 110 stores. The 440,000-square-foot shopping mall is located at the northeast corner of Bayview Avenue and Sheppard Avenue in the community of Willowdale, the neighbourhood of Bayview Village; the anchor stores are Loblaws, Shoppers Drug Mart and LCBO. Bayview Village was built in the 1960s as an open-air mall, it was one of the numerous post-World War II small neighbourhood community malls that were built in the inner suburbs of Toronto where residential neighbourhoods were growing. All of these community plazas were strip malls with two anchors. By the 1990s, shopping trends changed to power centres anchored by big-box stores, many of these community malls, such as Honeydale Mall in the Etobicoke area of Toronto, declined during this time. However, Bayview Village Mall stayed competitive as its owners overhauled the property to keep up with current trends. To distinguish itself from larger shopping centres, the owners of Bayview Village gentrified and sought out high-end independent boutiques not available in larger malls.
Bayview Village Mall was the host of the first GAP store in Canada. Bayview Village Mall is located in the affluent neighbourhood of Bayview Village where significant transit-oriented condominium development has enabled it to thrive despite being close to the larger Fairview Mall. Since its redevelopment in 1998, the tenants of the mall have become more exclusive and aimed at the more affluent shoppers from the nearby areas of Bayview Village, York Mills, the Bridle Path, Lawrence Park, it contains the "only North American outpost" of a number of high-end fashion designers, as well as outlets for luxury American designers such as Brooks Brothers and a branch of the expensive Toronto grocery store Pusateri's. The target customer for the Bayview Village Shopping Centre is female, over 30 years old, with an annual household income of over CA$100,000. In 2013, the mall was conditionally sold for CA$500 million to a British Columbian property company; this was the biggest single property sale of 2013.
Long time anchor store Kmart closed in 1998. The store was demolished and the location redeveloped to house a Chapters and a large LCBO store as well as additional mall space. In 2018, Chapters left the space vacant afterwards; as a result of changes proposed by the owner to develop the site, the LCBO store will be moving into the former Chapters location in 2019. In August 2017, the owners proposed a major development of the site to add three residential towers on retail podiums as well as some additional low rise townhouse development and additional retail shops; the towers will be located on the existing surface parking area and additional underground parking is planned. The proposal has been revised following community input to include more parkland, it is being considered by the city planning department. Bayview Village Shopping Centre
Right-in/right-out and left-in/left-out refer to a type of three-way road intersection where turning movements of vehicles are restricted. A RIRO permits only right turns and a LILO permits only left turns. "Right-in" and "left-in" refer to turns from a main road into an intersection. RIRO is typical when vehicles drive on the right, LILO is usual where vehicles drive on the left; this is because minor roads connect to the outsides of two-way roads. However, on a divided highway, both RIRO and LILO intersections can occur; the remainder of this article refers only to RIRO but applies to LILO. A RIRO intersection differs from an unrestricted intersection. RIRO is an important tool of access management, itself an important component of transportation planning. A study applying access management guidelines to the redesign of Missouri Route 763 in Columbia, Missouri illustrates how RIRO, combined with signalized intersections designed to permit U-turns, can accommodate high volumes of traffic with low delay and high safety.
The RIRO restriction is enforced through physical barriers such as a traffic island in an intersection to direct vehicles into the permitted turn, to restrict vehicles from traveling through the intersection. The major road itself has a median separating the two directions of traffic; the restriction may be achieved by signage, but when a median or other barrier is not present in the median of the major road, RIRO configurations have been found to result in significant violation rates. RIRO roads may have grade-separated interchanges, but vehicles on these roads do not yield the right-of-way to other vehicles entering the roadway, nor encounter cross traffic; such roads are sometimes called RIRO expressways. In the United States, they are sometimes called Jersey freeways, due to their prevalence in the state of New Jersey, although they are not limited to that state. RIRO road configurations are an important tool for access management. General types of RIRO road configuration roundabouts. To travel in the restricted direction, vehicles must first turn in the permitted direction reverse direction in a U-turn or by going around a roundabout.
RIRO is useful where left turns would require crossing in front of oncoming vehicles. RIRO configurations improve road-traffic safety and efficiency by reducing the number of conflict points between vehicles. A RIRO configuration may improve safety and operations at one intersection while worsening them at another intersection upstream or downstream. Introduction to RIRO Expressways, OntHighways.com Ontario Highways, asphaltplanet.ca
Waterloo Regional Road 15
King Street, or Waterloo Regional Road 15 is the major north-south arterial road in Kitchener, Ontario, as well as Waterloo, Ontario. In both Kitchener and Waterloo, King Street divides the city into the west sides. At the Conestoga Parkway in southern Kitchener, King Street becomes the Highway 8 Expressway. King Street "resumes" about four kilometres to the east where Weber Street is renamed to King Street and continues to Cambridge, Ontario. In Kitchener, the main segment of King Street starts where the Highway 8 Freeport Diversion bends in a half-clo interchange with the Conestoga Parkway. After the Freeport Diversion passes under the Conestoga overpasses, the Highway 8 designation continues on the Conestoga west of the junction if one takes the loop ramp, while going straight ahead will default to King Street, which continues in a northwesterly fashion through the Kitchener downtown area and to the border with Waterloo; the Conestoga Parkway east of the interchange serves as a bypass of King Street.
Although it runs north-south, King Street is labeled east-west, since the city of Kitchener was planned relative to the Grand River, which runs north-south. The same is true for the other major north-south routes in the city, the reverse is true for the major east-west arteries in the city. King Street is the major street of downtown Kitchener, containing such buildings as the Kitchener City Hall and Market Square. Throughout downtown, it is lined with shops and boutiques, as well as nightclubs. North of downtown, King Street is home to Grand River Hospital, it contains television studios, as well as radio stations. 91.5 The Beat studio was relocated to the southern end of Kitchener/Cambridge in the Sportsworld plaza back in 2010. In 2004, when the Highway 8/Conestoga Parkway half-clo interchange was realigned to increased traffic capacity, the number of lanes headed towards King Street was reduced from two to one, due to the need to accommodate the new flyover ramp from the Conestoga to Highway 8.
There is another King Street in southern Kitchener that runs north-south. It began at Wilfred Avenue and ran southward into Cambridge, wedged in between the Freeport Diversion and Weber Street; that road was part of the downtown King Street until the portion between Wilfred Avenue and Weber Street was used instead as the right-of-way for the Highway 8 Freeport Diversion freeway, with its terminus being redirected towards Weber Street. When the Diversion was completed in the late 1960s, in order to travel between the two segments of King Street, one had to use either the freeway's Fairway Road interchange or Weber Street and Montgomery Road. South of Weber the street "resumed" again and continued to Cambridge, meeting up with the Freeport Diversion a second time at an at-grade Y-intersection, with the Freeport Diversion traffic being given priority. King Street continued on eastward as a divided at-grade expressway carrying the Highway 8 designation, south to Highway 401 and Cambridge; this road is referred to as Old King Street or King East, in order to distinguish it from the downtown thoroughfare.
King East provided a link between the Freeport Diversion. In 1987, the at-grade intersection was replaced with a two-ramp parclo interchange, when the freeway extension of the Freeport Diversion was constructed to provide a direct freeway link to Highway 401 easterly to Toronto. Highway 401 eastbound traffic, continued to use King Street East to reach the Freeport Diversion. In 2001, the Highway 401 exit signage at King Street East was changed from Highway 8 to Shantz Hill Road, as that section of Highway 8 had been downloaded from the province to municipal authorities in 1998; the Highway 8 designation was given to the Freeport Diversion extension to reconnect it with Highway 401. Upon crossing into Waterloo, King Street turns into a northeastward direction and continues until passing out of the city and into Woolwich Township; as in Kitchener, King Street crosses Weber Street in Waterloo, has an interchange with the Conestoga Parkway, now designated as Highway 85. A major difference between King Street in Kitchener and in Waterloo, however, is that upon entering Waterloo, King Street is labeled north-south instead of east-west as in Kitchener.
The same is true of all major north-south thoroughfares in Waterloo. Just as King Street is the main thoroughfare in downtown Kitchener, it is the main strip of "Uptown Waterloo". Shops and pubs line the street from the border with Kitchener up to Bridgeport Road. Two major shopping malls are situated on King Street: Waterloo Town Square in Uptown Waterloo and Conestoga Mall at the junction with Highway 85. North of Waterloo, King Street intersects Weber Street once again, at Weber Street's northern terminus at St. Jacobs Farmers' Market. Waterloo Regional Road 15 continues west at the T intersection of King St. N and Lobsinger Line, locally known as Wagner's Corners. "Lobsinger Line" is named after a local community figure in the village of Ontario. Lobsinger Line is the main road for the communities of Heidelberg, Ontario and St. Clements, Ontario as well as the Old Order Mennonites. While driving along Lobsinger Line, it is common to see signs for produce, firewood, "No Sunday Sales", from each of the laneways.
Lobsinger Line ends at the T intersection of Lobsinger